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THE PALOVERDE COUNTRY.
An Interesting Riverside County Com munity on the Desert. Edward F. Hyatt thus writes to the Riverside Enterprise: Probably there is no county in the North American Continent that can boast of such variety, such diversity, as this our own county of Riverside, It takes a good deal of travel for us to grasp it ourselves. The greatest orange garden in the world smiles up at icy, enow-clad peaks. Tall mountains heaved up two miles above the sea overshadow burn ing deserts many feet below the level of the sea. Hills and valleys and mesas and canyons and wide stretches of level plain — lakes and rivers, for ests of pine and c*"dar where in the winter men might get lost and perish in the snow; and forests of mesquite on the scorching plains below where many a man has perished of heat and thirst. Coal mines and gold mines and salt mines, great ranches of grain and ranges for stock, and the richest fields and vineyards of the tropic zone. Among the other strange paradoxes of this quiet and modest county is a frontier — a genuine frontier, just be ing settled up by a hardy, adventu rous class of pioneers, pioneers who are subjected to privations and dang ers just as bad as anybody's pioneers. Our Riverside Frontier is turned to ward the east instead of the west — it is a great that has all these years been hidden in the depths of the Colorado desert. It is called by its settlers " God's Country" some times and sometimes the "Paloverde Country." Away out on the huge and turbid Colorado River, 200 miles from River side, is a magnificent widening of the fertile river bottom, a dozen miles wide and fifty miles long. It is cov ered by forests of mesquite timber which have for many years yielded abundant feed for great herds of cat tle and horses. It was safe harbor for cut-throats and desperadoes in early days. Surrounded by great des erts, it was out of the world, almost. A great slice of the best of it was gobbled up away back about the time of the Civil War by old Senator Blythe — he called it "swamp land" and bought it of the State. Forty thou sand acres of it now belong to the Blythe estate. There are besides some sixty thousand good acres outside that Blythe tried to get and has claimed since early times. That is another reason why the land has not been taken up by settlers. But now, 60, 000 acres is fast settling up with good people. The movement in tbere only began last March, but already nearly all the land is taken. Homes are there and women and children. A school was started in October. The first few sessions we 1*"1 *" under a mes quite tree — there wasn't a house in the settlement. Then a shelter was built, roofed with arrow weeds and three sides built of the same frail thatch. The fourth side was put in a few days ago, but the windows are still open. When it is very cold, the children go to a bonfire outside and warm themselves. Sometimes they sit out in the sunshine to study, holding books in their own shadows so as not to injure their eyes — plenty of ventila tion and light in schools out there. The floor of the school is -* course the one left there by nature — com posed of fine alluvial soil. The teacher wrote to the superintendent a few days ago, hoping that next year a pump would be furnished — she needed to wet down the floor! She had been straining the lagoon water for the children to drink, but wias afraid it wasn't wholesome, and the nearest doctor was seventy-five miles away, in Arizona. The timber of that country is cot tonwood and willow on the low lands and several species of the bean fam ily on the higher lands Chief among these bean trees is the mesquite. which furnishes the principal forage of the country. The trees are loaded with yellow pods, looking like wax beans. These fall off the trees in August, .and the cattle and horses break passage ways through and under the thorny branches to feast upon the swe°t legumes. The people go out with wagons, too, rake up the beans with a garden rake and haul them home to be sacked or stacked for future reference They are worth $20 a ton, and make rich feed. The stock continue to live on the fallen beans through the entire winter, though sometimes they ferment in a wet season and become poisonous. The wood of the mesquite makes ele gant fuel, being very hard and heavy. The people of course are wasting it, cutting and slashing and burning it up to clear the land — and of course the time will come when it would be worth more than the land itself, but they can't believe it now. Another of the bean-bearing trees is the Paloverde, which has given its name to the valley. As its name im plies, it is a green tree — the trunk and branches being covered by a smooth glossy, green bark. The moun tain sheep is very fond of browsing on this tree, and hunters look for their game around the base of the desert hills where the paloverde abounds. Another bean-tree is the Ironwood. much used for fuel. It is a jet black wood, so dense that it actually will sink in water, like a stone. It makes a heat so intense that it soon burns out an ordinary stove or grate. Still another of the leguminose trees is the tornilla, or screw bean. It -is similar to the mesquite in appear ance, but smaller and more thorny. Each pod is coiled, or twisted, into a tight, symmetrical screw, many of them in a cluster: and they, too, are eaten by the cattle. The cottonwood trees make a ranker growth in this rich bottom land than they do in their parts of the country. They grow up into tall, straight, slender trunks that can be used for the plates of houses or barns, or for long rails in building fence. This region, although it seems so remote is open to railroad communica tion with the outside world; and the Colorado river steamers pass close to its doors. The Santa Fe Railroad runs through the country less than 100 miles to the north; and less than 100 miles to the south is the parallel line of the Southern Pacific — with no engineering difficulties whatever be tween. As soon as the country begins to produce stuff for the markets of the world, the railroads will go in. And surely 100,000 acres of rich land will be a magnet sufficient to attract them. A romantic and adventurous way to visit this region would be this: Get a good companion, blankets, guns and camp outfit ready and take the Santa Fe train to the Needles. There buy or build a boat — cost perhaps $20. Then embark, and float gently down the bosom of the great river. When ever the spirit moves to stop, there i? the place to camp. The river fur nishes water everywhere, and tli< thickets wood. Good fish are in Llie waters under the boat; the banks are frequented by rabbits, quail and watei f< wl. And when one gets to Paloverde and completes his investigation, he can get on the boat again and float on down the river a few score miles to Yuma — sell his boat or give it away, take the Southern Pacific and get home in a day. The trip cannot be so very difficult or hazardous, for Will Price, a former Riverside boy who lived down the avenue, made it last year with a number m* *•'- nupils; and there were two ladies in the party. What has been done can oe done again. GINSENG. Wisconsin Indians Make Its Culture Profitable. The cultivation of ginseng, which is a remarkably profitable industry, and which may be raised in a window box or on a more elaborate scale, has for some time been engaged in by the In diin.3 of northern Wisconsin. During the last few years the growing of gin seng has attracted considerable atten tion in the United States, and now of the states boast of "farms" of this commodity. To have a ginseng bed .it is not necessary to own broad acre?. A respectably-sized bed may be planted in a backyard, on the north side of a building or in the angle of a house. Every farmer might have a ginseng bed in his garden, and grow the plants at comparatively little expense, after once getting a start. In ginseng grow ing it is the flesh y,f(ucculent roots that are desired, unless one be in the nur.sery business, when of course, he would wish to raise seeds and young roots to sell to those just starting into the business. Even when in the busi ness only to secure the roots for dry ing, the grower is always anxious to nave all the seeds formed each year in order to increase his plantings. - So many extravagant tales have been IMPERIAL PRESS told of the profits from ginseng grow ing that many are led into the busi ness with unreasonable expectations, while others of a more cautious na ture become suspicious and do not en gage in it at all. The truth of the matter is that present conditions seem to insure a reasonable amount of prof it in the business where it is begun on a small scale and increased gradu ally as the grower becomes more fami liar with the work. Enormous prof its have been derived from small areas of ginseng plants, and writers have taken advantage of the fact to mul tiply the acreage and also the returns, assuming that the profits would in crease according, which is unfair under most conditions and with most per sons. Ginseng, or sang, has been known, and to some extent collected in Miss ouri, probably since its early settle ment. Even now there is scarcely a rurial community without its "sang hunter." However it was only with the increasing scarcity of ginseng, to gether with the high prices paid for it that has drawn attention to the sub ject of its artificial culture for the market. The demand for ginseng comes from China and, to a limited extent, from Japan. For ages it has been used al most exclusively by the Chinese and Japanese, who consider it a tonic of marvelous quality, employed in cases of debility as we use quinine. It is said to be to some ex tent mixed with quinine by Chinese doctors. That it has some medicinal value is recognized by those who have investigated its properties, but it is nowhere a recognized remedy except in China. There it is a standard cure for all ills and equally efficacious as a preventive. That the value set on the ginseng root b the Chinese is largely lIEIIIULL S CIUPUII SOLE AGENTS FOR Water Rights in Imperial Water Company No. 7 belonging to W. F. Holt, for land located on East Side of Carter River near Boundary Line. Finest tract of land in Imperial Settlements. $21 an acre — $1 cash, balance in seven years at 6 per cent. Make a specialty of Lands and Water Rights throughout the Imperial Settlements. John A. Merrill repifesents the Agency at the Los Angeles office, 531-532 Douglas Block. F. N. Chaplin represents the agency at Imperial. FIRST NATIONAL BANK T — ... UNITED STATES DEPOSITARY Largest National Bank in Southern California CAPITAL, ... . $400,000.00 SURPLUS AND UNDIVIDED PROFITS - - $400,000.00 J.M. Elliott, I w/vti/*d • W.T.S.Hammond, President NU I ICb ! Cashier W. G. Kerckhoff, We now have a special paying, A . c> Way> Vice-President receiving and exchange department A ' Bgt caBnc a8 nj er for the exclusive use of our lady J. C. Drake, patrons. E s Pauly> 2nd Vice-Pres. I Asst. Cashier. We sell Travelers' Letters of Credit and International Cheques available everjwhere. W. F. Holt, Pres. A. H. Hebbr, Vice-Pres. Leroy Holt, Cashier. FIRST NATIONAL RANK OF IMPERIAL All accommodations consistent with conservative banking extended to patrons. DIRECTORS W. F. Holt, Leroy Holt, A. H. Heber, H. C. Oakley, George A. Carter. sentimental or superstitious i evi denced by the fact that they are said to be willing to pay much higher for roots which, in their shape, happen to resemble the human form or that of some animal. . These facts are of im portance as indicating the probable long continued demand for ginseng. — Milwaukee Sentinel. A Sensible Governor. Governor Pardee has made a good start. In one of his first appointments he has selected Walter S. Melick of Pasadena News to be Secretary of the State Board of Examiners at a salary of $3000. Mr. Melick has made a record as a legislator and as a newspaper man of which any mian might feel proud and his host of friends in Southern California and in the State at large, for that matter, feel proud of him and rejoice that his work has been .so substantially recognized by our Governor who starts out as though he was going to make a record for honesty and integrity. Melick is all right. About the greatest case of self-de ception is that r f the man who dyes his whiskers and imagines that nobody knows it. BRYDOM BROS. HARNESS AND SADDLERY CO. (INCORPORATED) Wholesale and Retail Manufacturers of Harness and Saddlery Goods, Blankets, Robes, Whips and Turf Goods. 239 So. Main St. LOS ANGELES, CAL. 7