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Irrigation Possibilities of the Color ado River. The Los Angeles Mid Winter Times contributes the following very conser vative article to the irrigation situa tion of this Southwestern Country: With the development of irrigation in the Southwest, and as the magni tude of the irrigation enterprises un dertaken by capitalists and investors has inceased, renewed attention has been devoted to the Colorado River, with reference to its utilization for ir rigation. Until recently it has not been considered that this great stream was extensively available for the pur pose. The depth of its canons for hundreds of miles of its course makes it forever impossible that adjacent lands shall be irrigated; but careful explorations of that portion of the river lying between Nevada and the Gulf of California have thrown new light upon the possibilities of the great desert regions adjacent to its lower courses. Only two years a^o the Imperiat Canal was opened tor the improve ment of a vast district, embracing about 500,000 acres in San Diego county, Gal., while thousands of acres more may ultimately be reclaimed in Mexico, south of the Imperial dis trict. The Algodon grant country also has recently been thrown open to set tlement, and several canals are al ready levying for water upon the great river. A recent reconnoissance, also, by the United States Geological Survey has shown that it is possible to ir rigate several hundred thousand acres of land between Needles and Yuma, by the construction of irrigation works no more extensive or impossible than many of those which have been built by the British and are now in opera tion on the Nile. The Colorado River, indeed, in many respects bears a striking resemblance to the Nile. Like the Nile, it rises in a distant mountainous country, its lower courses traverse a subtropical and nearly rainless desert, and both l-ivers empty into great landlocked arms of the ocean at a little less than 32 deg. north latitude. Like the Nile, the Colorado has for long distances along its lower courses created a nar row ribbon of fertile soil in the midst of the desert through which it flows, and has deposited a , great alluvial delta adjacent to its mouth. This delta, in the case of the Colorado is chiefly Mexican territory. Like the great river of E r — + the Colorado is subject to an annual summer rise, sufficent to overflow great iareas of its THIS BEATS ALL We are Sole Agents for Six Thous= lVT^w and Acres of WATER RIGHTS in lA| O« / Belonging to a private party, Price $2 1 .00 per acre, one dollar cash and the balance in 7 YEARS AT 6% INTEREST. Very choice, soft lands ; the first to receive water from the main canal. They are going fast. MERRILL & CHAPLIN, Imperial, and 531 Douglas Bldg., Los Angeles border and delta lands. These high waters are rich in fertilizing sedi ments, are exceptionally free from al kaline salts, and come at an oppor tune time for irrigation. Although the climatic co^ "tions in winter are slightly more severe in the Colorado delta than in that of the Nile, yet these two regions closely resemble each other agriculturally. Some com mon products are, or may be, alfalfa, wheat and grains of the sorghum class; the date palm, fig, orange, olive and pomegranate, cotton, melons and sugar cane. Value of the Water. In view of its agricultural resem blance to Egypt, in whic* latter country it is stated that farming pays better than anywhere else in the world, the public is naturally interested in the river on which this new Egypt must depend. The Arizona experi ment station has just completed an ex amination of the waters of the Colo rado River, covering the period of a year, with reference to their value for irrigation. The results form a part of Bulletin 44, recently issued by the station, and are a revelation as to the instrinsic value of this great stream for agricultural purposes. In the first place, the water supply which may in course of time be utilized from this river is probably sufficient to irrigate all the land which is adjacent and available. The fragmentary data as yet available relating to the amount of water delivered by the Colorado River indicate that this stream delivers about 15,000,000 acre feet otf water annually, sufficient to irrigate nearly 4,000,000 acres of land. Unlike the smaller rivers of the Southwest, the Colorado, becau.se of its great length and its immense watershed, gives at all times a great stream of water, varying from a minimun of about 4000 second feet in January to about 50, 000 second feet in June, the larger supply being available during the warm seasons when growing crops most require the water. Fertilizing Silts. Of special interest to the farmer are the fertilizing silts carried by this turbid stream. Analysis made during the year of observation show* that the silts varied from a minimum of sixty-two r>arts of sediment in 100.000 of water during January to as much as 374 parts during the great annual rise of the river in May and June. During a local storm, also, on the Ari zona watershed, enormous quantities of mud were at one time observed washed into the river, raising the LMPERIAL PRESS amount of sediment as high as 2072 parts in 100,000 — over 2 per cent, by weight of sediment. The total quan tity of sediment brought down dur ing the year of observation was found to be sufficient to form fifty-three square miles of dry alluvial soil one foot deep, or to make about 164 square miles of recently-settled submerged mud one foot deep. By means of such figures it is pos sible to understand the agency of this river in shutting off with its deposits that arm of the ocean which after wards became the Salton Basin, and in creating great areas of fertile delta land along its lower courses. The value of these Silts to the farmer chiefly consists in the nitrogen they contain, which comes in large part with (the fertilizing materials swept by storms on the upper water sheds into the stream. Phosphoric acid and potash are contained in great quantities, also; but, considering ni trogen only, the waters of the Colo rado were found to have a fertiliz ing value of from 53 cents to $3.09 per acre foot during the year. When it is considered that four acre feet, more or less, is required a year for ir rigation, in the Southwest, it will be seen that these sediments form no mean contribution to the welfare of the farmer. The southwestern farmer, indeed, is blessed with immunity from the heavy fertilizer bills, which are often so great a weight upon those who till the soil in eastern and north 9n districts. Free From Alkali. But most of our irrigating streams are generous literally to a fault, for they frequently become charged with alkaline salts to such an extent that the lands irrigated by them are seri ously injured thereby. Fortunately, however the Colorado is an exception to this rule. At times of low water the river is observed to contain ap preciable quantities of alkaline salts; but during the great annual rise, when the volume of the river is swelled by the melting snows of Colo rado, Wyoming and Utah, the fresh snow water results in a stream of remarkable purity, containing for weeks at a time, during May and June. as low as twenty-five parts of salt in 100,000 of water. The freshness of the Colorado and the mildness of its salts are indeed fortunate compensa tions of nature, for the districts which will in future be irrigated from thN supply are many of them quite al kaline, and will require to be floode 1 and drained of their noxious salts* by just such a pure water supply as wil be available. It is safe to say that the irrigable districts adjacent to the Colorado River will, when they are developed and utilized, be among the richest lands in the whole irrigated West The semi tropical climate, the diversity of agricultural products possible, the strong market for agricul tural products in the adja cent mining districts, and the inten sive agriculture demanded and made possible by such commercial and agri cultural conditions, indicate that when the Colorado shall be as well under stood and brought under as good con trol as is its great parallel, the Nile, there will be developed another, an occidental Egypt within its domain. Result of Irrigation. A special dispatch to the Los An geles Times from Washington, under date of January 3rd, says: In connection with the present in terest in the development of irri gation in the West, the following acts, noted from a paper recently is sued by the United States Geological Survey on the "Development and Ap plication of water, near San Bernar dino, Colton and Riverside, Cali fornia," will be of interest as show ing what may be done by means of irrigation, and also the limits of its possibilities. In the eleven years prior to 1898 there were shipped from Riverside, nearly seven million boxes of oranges, which means an average in come of $10,000,000 a year. With the present condition of the orchards an income twice as large may be ex pected. During the season of 1897 98 four thousand carloads of citrus fruits were shipped from Riverside, ■while in 1899 the annual yield was said to be one-third the entire out put of the State. Previous to the application of water this section was poor sheep' pasture, worth hardly 75 cents per acre. The weddiing which occurred here last Tuesday puts us once more in mind of the fact that we are a new settle ment. With the improvements we see round about us, it is hard to believe it, too.— lmperial Press. This class of improvements are al ways beneficial to new communities and are usually followed by others, though sometimes they are only little ones. — Los Angeles Times.