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Newspaper Page Text
THE FLOOD SITUATION
Levees safe, River Channel Cut ting Out a Mite a day and serious danger passed. On last Sunday. May 27. we were at Sllsbee and. of course, could not avoid noting the flood situation there obtaining. At that time we learned that the work of channel blasting had been stopped, as the obstructions had been removed and the water gotten pretty well Into one channel which It ■was eroding very rapidly. At that time the overpour, or head of the channel that was being made, had just reached the north-west corner of section 20, and was still one mile west of the touthern extremity of Blue Lake. It was feared that the channel would carry away Judge Orrlck's house, so parties went in and brought out the effects he had left in the house. His place is the north-west quarter of sec tion 20. Of course the water at Sllsbee. and all along the Elder canal, was the highest It had ever been and nothing but the levees thrown up when the ditches . were dug, and made higher since, kept the water from flooding the whole country. On Wednesday afternoon we again -went to look at the water and note progress. We went due south from El Centre to the head of the Date canal, and went from there west to the Five headgates, on top of the levee. We examined the levee carefully and noted its condition the entire distance and we unhesitatingly pronounce it safe. It is at least 14 feet wide on top. and not less than two feet above the level of the water against it. On the side next the water, wire fencing has been erected nearly all the way. and hay. arrov weeds, and straw has been put In behind this fence, and thus thoroughly protects the levee from washing. Where there is no fence and buffer of hay or weeds, there is either a thick growth of willows or tules, or else large freshly cut willows are moored against the levee, and the danger of washing from the winds driv ing the waves against it Is overcome/ The levee has a good wagon road on top of it all its length and this road is dusty so there Is positively no danger of the levee giving way under the pres sure of waier brought against It. The wisdom of the California De velopment company in building this levee as high and strong as it is has been fully shown. The water is now fully two feet higher than the banks of this canal were built in the first place. The south bank of the canal has com pletely disappeared no trace of It being left for several miles. ' .The north bank was raised four feet and about 30 feet added to its base and' this has been done for a distance of more than four miles. We don't know how many thousand yards of dirt was put into this levee but we do know that it Is the on ly thing that has saved Imperial Water company No. 1 and the towns of Im perial, El Centro and Brawley from in undation. Beyond the Five headgates we followed the south bank of the El der canal taking it afoot in order to see exactly what the conditions were. At the Five headgates we met Mr. Thom as O'Neil. a foreman for the Imperial Water company No. 1. He was there with a band of Indians placing brush along the canal bank to protect Elder canal in the same way that was being done to protect the levee we had just traveled over. From Mr. O'Neil we learned that the water was at the high est point It had ever reached and ap peared to be still rising at that point. However the south bank of the Elder canal which is the levee relied upon to keep out the floods ' from the Five headgates west Is at least two feet higher than the level of the water. We proceeded on down the canal and could nt; note much change In the water mcl until we reached John Havens' • 'place, a distance of three miles from the Five headgates. At this place the water had fallen 3 1-2 Inches from Its highest stage which was reached last Sunday. Due south of this point a terrific roaring was heard and we were informed that this was the overpour cutting out the channel of New nver. Also that this channel was cutting out about 500 feet wide and of unknown depth but was carrying the entire flood from the nearest point below this over pour where the water could gather Into It. The flood of New river therefore cut a channel more han three miles long. 500 feet wide and probably 40 feet deep from Sunday at noon to Wednesday afternoon. This is at the rate of at least one mile every 24 hours. On Sunday at noon this chan nel was just entering the northwest corner of section 20. During the time from Sunday noon to Wednesday af ternoon at 5 o'clock this channel cut through section 20 from northwest to southeast and across section 21 and more than half way across section 27 which lies due south of section 22. • After learning what we might at this point we went on to Blue Lake which we were surprised to find but little more than a mud flat with very little water In It. The water level In the lake had fallen about three feet but this tiad practically taken the water all out of the lake as the mud was showing over the largest part of it and did not seem to be more than one foot below the surface of the water In the rest of It. There was no water flowing Into the lake except a small stream that was draining off from some of the surround ing lands. The big channel that has done so much damage to the country northwest of Blue Lake did not get cut into the lake but the enormous amount of mud that has been deposited In the lake by the flood waters has practically ruined its value as a lake. New river has changed its channel in all sorts of ways running back and forth across Its former course but the new channel now cutting is so very much larger than anything it ever had before that the old channels are of no consequence. At a point south of Blue Lake the channel is 700 feet wide and further west it Is almost a half mile wide. There is an- Immense amount of water coming around by Signal moun tain and across Water company No. 6 and joining this channel at a point southwest of Blue Lake. With the cutting of this channel past this point it Is almost certain that this flow of water will erode a channel for Itself around that way. This flow of water cannot be stopped till this channel In New riv er reaches a point up In Mexico where this water leaves the main volume. This It may not do and meantime ero sion over there will doubtless go on. The most likely thing to happen in the near future will be for the channel to erode the three or four miles necessary to carry It beyond the Five headgates and the lowering of the water level at that point carry all the water Into the channel and leave none to flow In ' the canal's heading at that point. This would leave all the country west of the Brawley main canal without water and also the people of Brawley and Water company No. 4. This need not be for long enough to do any harm for such a contingency can be anticipated and a canal built to carry the water past the place where there Is no south bank to the main canal. The present levee can serve as a south bank and a north bank can be built In a very short time and water carried through It to the points where It will be needed. The rapidity with which the river channel Is cutting back and the volume of water discharging into this Valley Is far in excess of anything that was looked for and what It will do or where it will go Is largely a matter of guess work at the present time. The water Is still rising at Calexico and nothing but the most strenuous efforts has kept the levees above Its seething waves. It was also rising along t H e levee above described even as far west as the Five headgates on last Wednesday. Changes will take place so rapidly now that It Is Impossible to say what a day may bring forth much less a week, but our judgment Is that the channel of the river will be so far back within a week that there will be very little water lying against the levee and that the situation at Calexico Will be very much Improved. The next two weeks while not so stren uous as some that we have seen will no doubt mark the < reatest change that has ever yet been seen In the flood situation. Women sailors are employed in Den mark, Norway and Finland and arc often found to be excellent mariners. In Denmark several women are em ployed as state officials nt sea, and particularly In the pilot service. They go out to meet the incoming ships; they climb nimbly out of their boats; they show their official diploma, and they steer the newcomer safely into the har bor. It Is the same in Finland. And He Got Her. Mr. Millyuns— Is It my daughter you want or Is it her money? Jack Gin gleton (amateur champion for 100 yards)— Sir! You surprise me. You know very well that I'm an amateur athlete. Mr. Millyuns— What's that got to do with it? Jack Gingleton— A great deal, sir. It debars me from taking tart in any event for money.— London (telegraph. Stronc. Fair Customer— Have you any good batter? Dairyman— Certainly, madam. My reputation rests upon my bntter. Fair Customer— lf tbe last I got of you wa» a fair sample, your reputation cer tainly rests on a strong foundation.— CWcago News. \ Disappointed love makes the misery Of youth, disappointed ambition that vt manhood and successful avarice that nt age.— Goldsmith. Are You Prepared To experience the coming registrations of the thermometor at 1 30 in the shade without having to suffer from the results? If not it will be to our Mutual interest to call at once and procure your Size while they last, of that elegant line of "Porosktiit" Underwear And the other Summer wearrng apparel necessary to with stand the coming warm weather. We have anticipated your needs and can show you just what you want in that line. We also have in transit from the East that will perhaps reach us by the time this issue reaches its readers. An elegant line of the New Spring Styles and Light weight fabrics in Men's High Art Hand Tailored ready made to wear Clothing ( Clothing that has the combined qualities of fit material and workmanship. Why wear a mizerable mis-fit Suit when a perfect fitting one can be had for same money. Call and see this line before making your purchase. We are also in a position to show you a complete line of samples of two of the Largest and most reliable Custom tailor Houses in America. We guarantee fit and Satisfaction and you take no chances whatsoever with m The Valley Mercantile Co. ■ • El Centro, California. CiOOD ft J. Stanley Frown, Ef tentro, CaT Silsbce Sayings From our Rptfnlar Correspondent. 1,. L. Forrester lias 12 ticrvn of fine t ;Ulti\lollJ is. i ' Iv? ;■'■ ' Frank Salisbury mine over from Im perial one day last week. We nre all glad to see Judge Orriok out again after n serious ppeil of sickness. Win. Stockton went to Lob Angeles last Tuesday for a few days on business. Mrs. Browning was up from Calexico for ii few days last week calling on friends J. N. Woodard was busy last week beading bis wbeat and barley and is now ready for tbe threshers." Tbos. Ilines left Sunday for 1..0s All* goles for afew days, lie lias been in charge of tbe work of cleaning out tbe New river channel. Lust Friday being tbe last day of school a picnic was given at Roscoo Ab bott's place on the main canal. Every body reports a very good time. (, Last Monday a Silßbeeite wont to Im perial and counted 4 combined harvest ers, 2 threshing machines and 5 headers in tbe Melds between here and there. Last Wednesday night the dynamite camp was moved from Mr. Darling's place to Si'.Bbeeas Mr. Hinea feft for a few days, Peter Games taking charge of tbe work. -. t ■ Last Monday morning tbe water com menced falling in Blue Lake, Tuesday morning it had fallen about 3 feet, by Wednesday the lake was down to norm al and all the lands tributary to the W. J. MitcHell, watcHMM^ Eighth Street IHPERIAL, CALIFORNIA lake were drained. The River ia cut ting back about a mile a day and will be but a few dayn until tbe lands south of the big bend and in the vicinity ot Cameron lake will be dry. THE PLANET URANUS. O.l.lHlc« n Xorna* in ThU Clammier World Wonhl nl*elo«««. If Urnnua, which la n srnr of nbout the sixth magnitude, were n planet like those little ones called nsterolda, which nrc bclnpr discovered by the dozen every year, It could uot have much dnfm upon popular nttentlon, but TJrnmis la realty n «lgnntic world, more than sixty times ns large as ours. Its vnst distance, nbout 1.700,000,00 a miles from the earth, Is what causes It to look s.j sniiill. Uranus has four moons, which revolve backward in their orbits— Hint Is to «ny. they re volve from east to west around Urau us, while Uranus goes. like nil the oth er planets,' from west to en«t around the mm. It Iw believed tlmt Uranus rotates backward oil Its axis also. Moreover, the nxls of tlmt great, strange glolm Hpm In such n direction* thnt In the course of Its year, which is equal to eighty-four of our years. "tße sun shines almost perpendicularly first upon one pole and then upon the other. Measured by our time stand ard, there nre forty years of constant daylight, followed by forty years of unbroken night, around the poles of Uranus. And the sun rises In . tbe* west and sets In the east there. But the sun looks very small when viewed. from Uranus— only one four-hundredth as large as it appears to us. Still it sheds upon that planet 1,500 times as much light as the full moon sends to the earth, so that daylight upon Uran us, while faint compared with the blaze of a terrestrial noonday. Is nev ertheless n very respectable kind of fllumiiintlon.