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Imperial Valley press and the Imperial press. (El Centro, Calif.) 1906-1907, June 30, 1906, Image 2

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A TRANSFORMATION
floods in the Colorado River and For
mation of the Salton Sea
[BY PKOFESSOK EDGAR L. LAKKIN.]
The writer, six years ago, made an ex
cursion in the great continental plateau,
that vast elevated region of the conti
nent, Colorado. That rock-hewn state
is but a part of the mighty apex of the
United States, for the colossal upland
region includes Utah, Arizona, New
Mexico, part of Nevada and all 6f Colo
rado. This entire area, but more espec
ially Colorado, is to the geologist one of
the most interesting regions of the globe.
Upheaval followed upheaval; the entire
etate has been twisted and torn by con
vulsions, and primeval strata are up
turned and exposed to view in inextric
able confusion. Mighty faults abound,
eeams and rifts are to be Been in the
most ancient layers and giant rocks are
piled on rocky beds. The elevation
above the sea ranges from 7000 to 8000
feet. However, the area was once much
depressed and during eons of time the
Palezoic and a portion of the Mesozoic
layers were thrown down. At the close
of the Jurassic period the first great rise
occurred. The Wahsatch and Uintah
mountains were lifted up. Then a long
period of sinking and subsidence follow
ed, how long may never be discovered,
but its duration was great enough for
Cretaceous strata to deposit to a depth
of 9000 feet. When all was again in
readiness, some giant force below once
more lifted the whole region. The Cre
taceous strata were elevated to , their
present altitude. I gazed on giant fa
cades entirely naked, and on denuded
plains, inclines and bare areas. Every
trace of soil had been removed. An air
of vast antiquity prevailed. Deep water
worn ways and ditches in rigid rock
were seen. Canyons worn by sand and
pebble-laden waters rushing down with
impetuous speed for untold ages had
been eroded on all sides. And whole
fcquare miles of rock were denuded and
washed "exceeding clean." Three
months later I explored that scenic geo
logical splendor of the world, that mighty
"gorge of erosion," that dream in stone,
that vision of gorgeous colors, that hewn
palace in stone, the vast canyon of the
Colorado river in Arizona. This wonder
of the earth is 300 miles long and from
3000 to 6200 feet deep. It was cut out
by running water, from the most obdu
rate rock. The words centuries, de
cades and years are useless here ; eons
piled on eons werje required to wear the
stone away. I went down . into the
depths of the canyon, even to the sur
face of the river; amid colossal rocks
that seemed to support the very sky.
Marks of abrasion, wearing, grinding
and cutting of incalculable antiquity
were seen on all sides. Water worn
chunks of rock larger than any cathed
ral were piled in heaps, and great cavi
ties cut away by wind-driven sand were
ooserved high up the awful facades.
The words eons, ages, duration and time
kept ringing, in my mind. And then the
question, "Where is the excavated pa
terial now?" kept coming up for solution.
"Where can the billions of tons of debris
be?" "Is thesilicious waste now in the
bottom of the sea?" "Where is it," I
asked.
FINDING THE LONG LOST DEBKIS. IMPERIAL
VALLEY AND SALTON SEA.
The train began to get nearer to the
center of the earth at Mecca on the
Southern Pacific railroad. We could
notice that we were going down hill and
the sign on the station read, "Twenty
two feet below sea level." Onward
rushed the cars straight into desert
wastes, into heat and dust. "Oh ! look
at water in the desert," some one ex
claimed. Sure enough there was the
New Salton Sea. A brisk wind was
blowing whitecaps against great tufts of
eagebrush. This is indeed a strange
combine— sagebrush and waves of water.
The new sea in an ancient bed, is now
seventy-four miles long and from twenty
to forty wide. Its depth in the center
is now more than fifty feet and is rising
hour by hour. It is intensely blue and
looks like a splendid gem set in the vio
let and purple haze nf the adjacent
mountains.
Perhaps the world just now has noth
ing to offer more singular and remark
able in appearance than this swelling
desert lake. The chief source of salt for
the United States is submerged. Tele
graph poles are covered and railway
tracks. Twice a new track has been laid
around to the north of the advancing
water. My objective points were Cal
exico, in California, and Mexicali in
Mexico. The swelling ot the escaped
Colorado river made tin eats to- both
towns. Mexicans, Americans and Co
copah and Yuma indians toiled by day
and by night to build levees, and the
work was on when I arrived. To the
west of the two villages— really one, as
the international line runs through the
main street — the rapid stream was
eleven miles miles wide and four feet
above street level. So heavily saturated
with Colorado and Utah silt that* the
mass could scarcely be carried, the tur
bid floods rolled along and' poured into
the prehistoric Salton Sink with rush
and roar. It is great to see a mighty
river in ;ts majesty, tree from all re
straint. I ascended a tow T er and watch
ed the inspiring scene of turbulence and
unrest with absorbing interest. It was
intensely fascinating, but suddenly I
discovered something of inconceivably
greater interest. I looked down upon
one of the chief wonder spots of the
habitable earth. Startling indeed was
the discovery — the marvelous object is
an area of 3200 square miles of exceed
ingly fine silt. This enormous mass was
\vhat*|l wondered about in Colorado;
and it is nothing more or less than the
debris excavated from the mighty can
yon ! From all the surroundings, I make
the guess that it is at least one mile
deep. The bulk of.it is ground as fine as
flour. It has been through the geologi
cal mills. .Placed in a bucket of water
the £coarse particles settle ; the fine
material is poured off and makes excel
lent polish for silverware. This area,
with the town of Imperial as a center,
is called the Imperial valley. But 10,
000 more square miles of the silicious
silt will fill that vast basin extending to
the Gulf of California. Every cubic inch
and cubic mile, all these billions of tons
of abraded materials were brought f .rom
the bare and denuded rocky areas in
Colorodo and Utah, and from the vast
depths and caverns in the greatest can
yon in the world. Rigid proof before
one's very f yes was had of the incon
ceivable antiquity of the earth. And I
submit, was it not most impressive to
find this geological treasure, this debris,
this vast mass — chips from the work
shop of the primeval world? Let the
Ganges, the Amazon and the Mississippi
become articulate, and speak of their
mighty works in remote epochs of the
past. The work of the Ganges and
Brahmapootra has been to build 20,000
square miles of rich land; the Nile, all
of Egypt that is arable; the Mississippi,
30,000 square miles, and the Colorado at
least 14,000. I have never visited the
tropics, but if vegetation is more luxur
iant there than the living green in Im
perial valley, it must be wonderful. The
3200 square miles of silt, the very soil of
the northern upland, the work of untold
ages of vegetation, is fertile beyond be
lief. The very ground is calling for
thousands to come and plant. Every
thing used for food of man of vegetable
origin; grow in in this soil with amazing
rapidity. The region is the veritible hot
house of the United States and is able
to supply fresh vegetables to the entire
nation. And of exceeding .fine quality,
always weeks in advance of and other
garden spot. The present flood was
caused by loss of control of a canal tap
ping the river just below Yuma. High
water came on before the ditch was fin
ished. And the diverted river now pours
seven-eights of its water into the old
Salton Sink instead of the Gulf of Cal
ifornia. The Southern Pacific railroad
has vast interests in the wondrous val
ley, and the company has decided to
help the water company close the break
in the river's bank and restore the flow
back into the original channel leading
to the southern gulf. But how tell of the
visions of uncounted wealth now buried
in the vegetable mold and in the silt de
posited age after age by flood waters of
the Colorado, bringing down its rich de
bris from peaks, plateaus and from can
yon depths in faraway northern regions
when the earth was young?
Lowe Observatory-^Echo Mt., Cal.
Notice of Equalization
Public notice is hereby given, that
the Board of Supervisors of San Diego
County will meet Monday, July 2nd,
1906, at 2 o'clock P. M. of said day, and
remain in session for ten days there
after, for the purpose of sitting as a
Board of Equalization, to equalize the
assessment of property in San Diego
County; all persons having any objec
tions to make to the assessment of
property in San Diego County, as as
sessed for {.he year 1906, are hereby
notified to appear before the said Board
during the time above specified, and
file theii objections and petitions in
writing with the said Board.
No petitions for reduction of assess
ment wiil be received after Jul\ r 7th.
By order of the Board of Supervisors.
Frank A. Salmons, Clerk.
By Herbert N. Neale, Deputy.
ICE CREAM
The Imperial Drug Co. sells it, Whole
sale and retail. •
Wheat for your chickens. Desert
New River Channel
Last Sunday we visited the New
river '. in the neighborhood of Sils
bee and was very much surprised
to see what an enormous channel it
has cv: and what havoc the floods
have wrought, There is a big chan
nel joins the New river at a point due
south of Silsbee. This channel comes
in from the south and runs through
Water Co. No. 6 and pretty close
over to Signal Mountain. A near as
we could judge it was running as much
water as New river and is cutting out
its banks very rapidly, Both this
channel and the New river channel
are each ahout a quarter of a mile
wide, but the New river channel below
the point where this channel joins it is
at least a half mile wide. The water
surface Is at least twenty-five feet be
low the top of the banks and the river
is cutting deeper all the time.
We travelled up and down the river
for a distance of about eight miles and
will say that for that distance there are
are no waterfalls or over-pours, but
there are lots of riffles and places
where one can see the channel bottom
is being washed but and lowered.
This channel cutting has forever re
moved all danger of this valley being
inundated by overflow, such as threat
ened us last winter and spring. The
channels already cut can carry the en
ire flood of the Colorado twice over
without getting out of their banks. If
this valley ever was deficient in drain
age it is not so any more. While
these immense chasms are almost
impassable barriers between the main
part of* the valley and the west side,
and have resulted in putting Number
8 and Number 6 without water and
may result in driving those rich- and
prosperous districts back to the desert,
we who are benefited by these chan
nels can see great good in their cut
ting out.
following the Flag
When our soldiers went to Cuba and
the Philippines, health was the most
important consideration. Willis T. Mor
gan, retired Commissary Sergeant U. S.
A., of Rural Route 1, Concord, N; : H.,
says : "I was two years in Cuba and two
years in the Philippines, and being sub
ject to colds, I took Dr. King's New Dis
covery for Consumption, which kept me
in perfect health. And now, 'in New
Hampshire, we find it the best medicine
in the world for coughs, colds, bronchial
troubles and all lung diseases. Guaran
teed at all druggists. Price 50c and $1.00
Trial bottle free.
AHEAD OF THEM ALL *^
Coronado Tent City "if
NEVER HOT NEVER COLD ALWAYS DELIGHTFUL
Opens June 1 4, 1 906. Closes During September W.^^^i^n
„p or( ? nado Tent city is located on a peninsula miming almost paralkd with the W?' : -«Mv^^sll !
California Coast at San Diego, with the Hacific Ocean on the one side, the Bay of \v{liXW&^££~£sZs ''
ban Diego and the mainland on the other. ' ■^S^^^'^^4
Such a location combined with the unparalleled Southern California climate in-
sure all natural comforts. The engineering and art of man have added every luxury. j4^^^*i¥Wm&-
Coronado Tent City, as the name indicates, is literally a city of tents, large and ißr^' J^^^^^^^^^
small, furnished or unfurnished, with kitchen tent in the rear "if desired, accommo- f/A
dating one to eight people. Tents grouped about a common court for social or frater- Hd-^Am^^^^^-
trie lSSti free rOD Mineral Water piped t0 each tent ' sewerage connection ; elec-
Tent City Offers *^ p S Cost of Tents rurnishedA^i^ M^^^S.
streets; street car service, telephone and furniture, bedding, linen, towels and elec- f "~'-^^^^xSz^-ZB "^^^SJiS
telegraph connections, superior btthing trie lights, daily care of tent and laundry I-- sS2^§^^^S^Xi,-^^^^V
facilities; splended .provision for the chil- of tent linen. Y'^^^^^^^&k^^^^S^^
dren-special playgrounds and seperate Size Xo l^^^^^^^^^^^^f
lunch counter and delicatessen under first- 12x14 2 Y^S "hOi 90 m
class management; afternoon and evening ' 12x16 3 1.75 SOO Ssioo f&W%Z^§§M^
concerts by the famous Coronado Tent 12x20 4 225 in'oo ~o f^^^^^^^^^^X
City Band, with many special musical 14x20 5 iff l°(K ~* '". /• nS^^^^^^^^A
events arranged for this season, etc.. etc. . 14x22 6 3.2! UJOO 40.00 M i^^^^^^Vm
Large New Skating Rink with Hardwood 10x24 ~* 3.75 16.00 45.00 IM \\ V^^^^^^gSS^
Add to the above rates 51.-0 per week or f
fIOW tO ReaCh Tent CitY The South- per month for each additional oerson tlttS^lsf
nwH HM ._ MMM , BHU ii, era Pacitic occupyinsr the same tent. * 13»iS3it¥ci
Santa Fe and Salt Lake railroads and Pa- Kitchen Tents $1.50 per week: $4.50 per Jt^-^Sa
cific Coast Steamship Co.. sell excursion mouth. /4&>¥§*§A
tickets toC. T. C. at reduced rates during pp a | fnttanoc and Rooms at thP Ar l : S^g<£<£v
the season. A complete table of railroad raim liOltaqeS al'.°a I'.° "", r T AsllS^S^
rates, etc., in our 190 P 6 P am P let. Wmeforit, who desire them.' Our *lX* " teratne Xlt J^^^¥\
tq<Jay. ' . complete rates. gives M^^J^M
Corouado Tent City literature is ..profusely illustrated and contains much mo-e (fM^^ISl
interesting and necessary information than is usually found in ordinary tamt)hlet« W^
This literature will give you a very complete knowledge of the place, how to get there'
what it costs, amusements, helpful suggestions, ets. A postal card or a letter will f rannht ftff 1
bring it to you at once without any cost. Addre« « "r a setter will Caught off
. "^ Coronado Tent City Pier
Weicflt 364 Pounds
JOSHUA S. HAMMOND, Mgr. Coronado Tent City ' | V
CORONADO BEACH, CALIFORNIA I
Pr-H,F. NORCROSS, Agen,. 334 So at h S pring St. Los A nge ,«. Cal .
CHURCH NOTICES
Presbyterian Church
Preaching Services in El Centro First
and Third Sundays of each month at
2:30 p. m. All are cordially invited to
attend. Rev. A. H.Croco, Pastor.
Christian Church r :
Preaching in the Hotel Franklin every
Second and Fourth Sunday of the month.
You are invited to attend.
Rev. J. F. Tout Pastor. •
I have 320 acres of the choicest
land in the Imperial Valley , r nicely
locatedjand well improved, all
fenced and cross fenced. Price
right and will give good terms.
See Wilson about it.
El Centro Bakery and Meat Market
The bakery and meat market is now
completed and we invite all to call in
and see us. Special attention will be
given to the cantaloupe packers and
growers to call on us and get your
supply of bread and meat -and if you
want a pie we have it. Don't forget
the place, back of the Franklin hotel.
FARMERS— Do you want to buy a
twenty-foot-cut Combined Horse Har
vester, good as new, easy terms, and
guaranteed to give satisfaction? For
information, address Geo. H. Griffiths
Jr., Covina. Cal.
I have 320 acres of the
choicest land in the Im-
perial Valley, nicely lo-
cated and well improv-
ed. All fenced and
cross fenced. Price
right and will give
good terms. See Wilson
about it.
M. V. DUTCH ER

Real Estate and
Investments
-
Imperial Valley Lands a Specialty
Imperial Valley is the largest irrigated
district ijj the United States. The best
bargains on earth can be found in *he
Imperial Valley. Anyone having Im-
perial lands they wish to sell or trade
for Los Angeles property will find it to
their advantage to consult me. My fa-
cilities for finding bargains for buyers
and buyers for bargains cannot be sur-
passed. Write or wire me at 205 Mer-
cantile Place, Los Angeles, Cal. Home
Tel. 8182. Tel. Main 3440.
.Ed. E. Boyd realty company says
they have land and water stock for sale
for $14.00 per acre on the Eastside.
120 acres of the finest land in the
Mesquite lake country. The land ir?
this region is undoubtedly the best thai*,
can be found. Easily put in crop, good
drainage, price right. Bert R~ Chaplin *
Imperial, Cal.
640 Acres unimproved land, a spot
cash deal and one worth looking into.
Bert R. Chaplin, Imperial, Cal.
80 acres .all to young alfalfa and
looking good, will sell at $30 if sold,
within the next few weeks, and Mr.,,
this farm is all fenced, good soil, well
located, go and look it over. See Wil
son about it.
320 acre farm, good soft soil and well
improved, 3 1-2 miles from Imperial.
Price $30 per acre ; terms. See Wilson,
about it.
Deadly Serpent Bites
are as common in India as are stomacb
and liver disorders with us. For the lat
ter however there is a sure remedy :Elec
tric Bitters ; the great restorative medi
cine, of which S. A. Brown, of Bennetts*
ville, S. C, says : "They restored ray wif&
to perfect health, after years of suffer
ing with dyspepsia and a chronically
torpid liver." Electric Bitters cure chill?
and fever, malaria, biliousness, lame
back, kidney troubles and bladder dis
orders. Sold on guarantee by all Drug
gists. Price 50c.
Death from Lockjaw
never follows an injury dressed witfc
Bucklen's Arnica Salve. Its antiseptic
and healing properties prevent blood
poisoning. Cbas. Oswald, merchant, of
Rensselaersville, N. V., writes: "It cured
Seth Burch, of this place, of the ugliest
sore on his neck I ever saw. "Cures Cuts,
Wounds, Burns and Sores. 25c at all
Druggists.
An Alarming Situation
frequently results from neglect of clog
ged bowels and torpid liver, until con
stipation becomes chronic. This condi
tion is unknown to those who use Dr.
King's New Life Pills; the best and"
gentlest regulators of Stomach and
Bowels. Guaranteed by all Druggists.
Price 25c.
Teller, Singer agent, Postoffice build
ing, Imperial.
Imperial Aye, Dairy
Joe Giaccomazzi, Prop.
Fresh Milk delivered to any
part of the city of Imperial
twice daily.
I Q. E. IRWIN |
! Pioneer J
: ...Contractor and Builder... $
j Estimates on all kinds of work I
f furnished en application, f
| Phone 143 Imperial Cal I

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