THE HOUSE OF LORDS
CHECKS IT HAS RECEIVED AT THE
HANDS OF THE COMMONS.
The i.ouk I'nrilniiK-iit I'n< the Teem
Out of DiiMlnpMM Altogether For n
Number of Yenrn — nollngbroke'*
War With the Noble Lords.
There Is nn Idea In the minds of very
many persona that the Uritlsu bouse of
■ lords la supreme and can do pretty well
what It pleases. This, however, is a
mistake. On several notable occasions
their noble lordships have been para
lyzed and have got very much the
worst of It In stormy arguments with
the gentlemen of the house of com
The first occasion on which this Imp
pencd was when the peers ventured to
differ with the long parliament, which
was at the time engaged In a life and
death struggle with Charles 1. The
commons ou this occasion wasted no
valuable time In talking, but promptly
abolished the lords altogether and
turned them, archbishops, dukes, belt
ed earls and all the rest of the gor
geous corouoted crowd, Into the street.
The gilded chamber was vacant.
For half a dozen years or so the
• country got on without any bouse of
All the checks the house of lords
have received have not been of such v
drastic nature as this, of course.
Various ministries, finding that the
peers were unwilling to pass their pro
posed bills, have resorted to the threat
jto create enough new peers to swamp
| the house of lords. These new peers
j would, of course, have been pledged
beforehand to vote for the ministry
• In 1711 the prime minister pf the
iday, the daring and unscrupulous Vis
1 count Bollngbroke, was anxious to ter
,mlnate the desolating and ruinous war
! with France, which had been raging
and off for twenty years.
To effect this purpose he had drawn
iup the treaty of Utrecht. It was neces
sary at that time that lords and com
jmons should agree to a treaty before
lit would become valid. The commons
I 'assented to the treaty, but the lords
declared that they would have none
of it and that the Avar must go on,
whereupon Bolingbroke coolly but
firmly informed them that, rather than
see himself defied by them, he would
create a whole army of new peers to
vote for the treaty.
The story goes that he had a regi
ment of the L.ife guards paraded under
the windows of the house of lords and
threatened to make every trooper into
a noble lord if driven to it. He did
make twelve new peers, and then the
■lords gave in.
! The Liberal government of 1832, with
■Earl Grey as prime minister, used the
Hsame threat. They wished to pass the
■rirst reform bill. The lords hated this
I Until then they had been practically
Hin oligarchy, with all the real power
In their hands. The franchise had been
Hho limited that only rich men, and gen
erally only the nominee of some great
Hiobleman, could get into parliament.
1 The reform bill altered that. It gave
■he smaller men a chance. The lords
Bfcxpressed their deliberate intention of
lar reeking the bill.
I Earl Grey retorted by extorting from
Httng William lV— who didn't like re-
Bonn bills, but dared not oppose the
Hk-ish of the nation for fear of a revo-
Hution— permission to call up to the
House of lords as many new peers as
Hhould be necessary to carry his bill.
|J The mere threat was enough for the
M>rds. They had no wish to soe their
Hrder made cheap and ridiculous, as
Hrould have boon the case had peers
Become as plentiful as blackberries.
rl It used to be the custom in the Urit
||lli army for all officers' commissions
H) be purchased. That is, tin oflicer, in-
Btcutl of getting into the army by
[Beans of a competitive examination
Mini rising,' by merit, came straight
M-om school, without knowing anything
tH 1 the new duties he was about to as
|Mime, and had a" commission bought
[H>r him. After that, instead of being
EH'oraotcd ns a reward for his services,
11' used to buy each promotion.
II If he had no money his chances of
gH'iug promoted were about a thousand
WL one. The result was that officers
§§l>o had grown gray in the service and
(Blight in many battles remained sub
tH-diuates all their lives, while the sons
IB wealthy families who had not seen
II quarter of their service jumped over
IHeir heads by having their way pur
[Based up for them to be colonels and
M.Mr. Gladstone decided to do away
With this purchase system. The lords
[Bd not wish it to be abolished. Con
[Bquently, wheu Mr. Gladstone Intro-
JQfleed a bill to abolish purchase in the
Hfllmy the house of lords was not ills
[ Bsed to give It a kind reception.
[ Brhey threw out the bill and Imagined
[ Bat they had won a glorious victory.
I BJt8 Jt Mr> Gludstono fouud that Queen
I §l ctorla k»d tlie power to abolish pur
[ Base In the army by her own act if
[ H° pleased. Fie induced the queen to
[ B thl 8 by ineaua of a royal warrant.
I BBud* ud **** ' 10uae of lort * H could no more
I B^rei" 6 with a royal warrant than
I Wt y coultl knock the dome off St.
I BB U *' 8 throwing then- corouvta ut it.
I B*e&rsou'o London W«fkrj.
FOUND A HOLE FOR HIM.
Experience of n Froali Yonnjc Man fn
Hl* Start f» Uanttenn.
Here Im souH'tliin.^ that, should appeal
to every young mnii starting out \u
business: "When I came to New York,"
snld n bright follow to me, "I engaged
by the year as entry clerk with a large
dry goods house. I soon found out I
couldn't get along with the superin
tendent, a dictatorial, domineering
man. Heing young and brash, I 'sass
ed' him, which made matters all the
worse for me. At last my position be
came unbearable, and I quietly looked
around for another place. The man
ager of a great grocery house asked
where I worked and why I wanted to
make a change. I told him In all frank
ness, and he asked me to come around
In a few days. I giiess I talked alto
gether too much. When I called he
said, *I have no place open at present,
but I guess I can find a hole for you.'
That was enough. I went back to my
store rind resigned.
"The next morning I presented my
self before the manager of the grocery
bouse. 'As I told you,' said he, 'I have
no place open at present,' and walked
away. 'But,' said I, 'didn't you tell me
you would find a hole for me?' 'I did,'
he answered back. 'Ain't you In It?
He then added, 'Mr. It., the superin
tendent of the firm you have been
working for Is my brother.' I have
workod since then with my hands In
my pockets, and the lesson took a good
deal of the freshness out of me. It
taught me to look before I leaped."—
New York Press.
A Man May Gain and Lose Five
Pound* In the Day.
"A dinner like this Increases one's
weight two and a half pounds," said
a physiologist as he finished his more
than generous meal. "An average din
ner increases the weight two pounds
two ounces. Did you ever consider
how the weight fluctuates night and
"We lose in bed at night two pounds
six ounces. Between breakfast and
lunch we lose fourteen ounces. Be
tween lunch and dinner we lose ten
ounces more. Total loss, four pounds
fourteen ounces. That goes on every
day of our lives.
"At breakfast we gain one pound
twelve ounces; at lunch, one pound; at
dinner, as I said before, two pounds
two ounces. Total gain, four pounds
fourteen ounces. . ;
"Thus, day by day, gaining nearly
five pounds, our weight remains uni
form. If we ate but a half or a third
what we do, it Is logical to suppose
that our organs, digestive and so on,
would have but half as much work to
do and that our brains In consequence
would be able to do twice as much.
That is the logical supposition, and no
doubt it is the correct one, but man Is
still too nearly animal to eat only
what he needs. He insists upon eating
till he can hold no more."
Saved by the Apoatles' Creed.
The value of a religious education
was once experienced by the skeptic
Hume. He fell off a temporary bridge
connecting old and new Edinburgh
and sank in a bog. After many cries
for assistance an old woman drew
near and began to mate preparations
for saving him. But as soon as she
saw who it was she would save she de
sisted and bade him stay where he was.
"I am no atheist," protested Hume. "I
assure you, good woman, you are mis
taken." "Well, then, if you are not an
atheist," she cried, "you can say your
belief, and if you cannot do that I will
be no arid to stye an infidel." Hume
accordingly, embogged in the swamp—
de prof undis— recited the Apostles'
Creed and, having made no mistake In
the recital, was duly saved by this se
vere Samaritan. If he had failed—
Exhibit* In Law Cages.
What are known as "exhibits" in law
cases range from sheets of paper to
boilers and other large articles. At va
rious times an omnibus, a motor car
and a cab have been on view in the
private roadway by the side of the
London law courts, and as they could
not be brought into the witness box
the judge and jury have had to go out
and inspect them In the open. One of
the most ponderous "exhibits" of this
kind was a large ship's boiler furnace,
which was conveyed from Swansea for
Inspection.— London Standard.
Cowl and Tlioutfhtfal.
"Yes," said the warden, "he was the
coolest and most thoughtful convict
who ever broke jail."
"You don't say!" exclaimed the ris-
"Yes; he left behind him a note to
the governor of the state beginning, 'I
hope you will pardon me for the liber*
ty I'm taking.' "- Catholic Standard
The InteutloD Wm Good.
Governess— You're a naughty nttle
girl, Ohrißtabel, to kick your courin
like that, ehrlstabel-1 didn't kick
her. GoT«rrress— Ob, hu«b, dear! I
■ayr you kick bcr several times. Chris
tab*!—l dlda't. I mlsied btt erery
MANNERS AT TABLE.
Tlie Bdqnette of ftntlntr In the Ser«
An account of hospitality in 1020 given
a good Idea of the tmtnner In which n
country gentleman of the period lived.
Dinner and supper were brought In by
the servants with their hats on, a cus
tom which Is corroborated by I-'ynes
Moryson, who says that, being at a
knight's house who had many servants
to attend him, they brought In the
meats with their heads covered with
blue caps. After washing their hands
In a basin they sat down to d'nner,
and Sir James Prlnglo said grace. The
viands seemed to have been plentiful
and excellent— "big pottage, long kale,
bowe of white kale," which is cabbage;
"brach soppe," powdered beef, roast
and boiled mutton, a venison pie In
form of an egg, goose. Then they had
cheese, cut and uncut, and apples. But
the close of the feast was the most
curious thing about It.
The tablecloth was removed, and on
the table were put a "towel the whole
breadth of the table and half the length
of It, a basin and ewer to wash, then
a green carpet laid on, then one cup
of beer set on the carpet, then a little
long lawn servitor plaited over the cor*
ncr of the table and a glass of hot wa
ter set down also on the table; then be
there three boys to say grace— the first,
the thanksgiving; the second, the Pater
Noster; the third, prayer for a blessing
of God's church. The good man of the
house, his parents, klnfolk and the
whole company then do drink hot wa
ters, so at supper, then to bed, the col
lation which (is) a stoupe of all."—
It In of Jnmt an Much Importance an
The brain of Daniel Webster weigh
ed fifty-six or fifty-seven ounces, that
of Napoleon Bonaparte about the same.
This Is about three pounds and a half.
These were exceeded by the brain of
Cuvier, the great French naturalist,
which weighed between fifty-nine and
sixty ounces, and that of the French
surgeon Dupuytren, which weighed
fifty-eight ounces. The average
weight of the brain of man Is about
fifty ounces and of women forty
five ounces. The maximum weight of
the healthy adult brain is about sixty
four ounces and the minimum thirty
one ounces. Men of great Intellectual
power have generally If not always
possessed large brains. The quality of
the brain is, however, quite as Impor
tant as the quantity, so that a large
brain does not of necessity constitute
a great man ; The size of the brain is
not in proportion to the physical de
velopment of the body, either in ani
mals or in man. The horse has a brain
less in weight than the smallest adult
human brain; that of a whale seventy
five feet long was found to weigh not
quite twice as much as that of a man.
Even in men there is no fixed relation
between the size of the body and that
of the brain. A small man may have
a large brain and a big man a small
Jumping at Conclusions.
"I see that the 'human ostrich' Is no
more. He's the chap who swallowed
nails, needles and hatpins. And be
chewed glass too."
"I see. He chewed so much glass
that he got a pain."— Cleveland Plain
"It costs more to live than it did
years ago," said the man who com
"Yes," answered the man who en-
Joys modern conveniences, "but it's
worth more."— Exchange.
NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION.
Department of the Interior, land office
at Los Angeles, Cal , Jan nary 21), 1907.
Notice is hereby given that tlie follow-
ing named settlers have fik'd notice of
intention to make final five-year proof
in support of their claims and that said
proofs 'vill he made before the United
States commissioner at his office in San
Diego, Cal., on March 29, 1907:
Viz , John Patterson, of Silsbee, Cal.,
homestead entry No. 9794, made Dec. 8,
1901, for SW# of NWK and N>£ of NW
%, Sec. 23, T. 10 Si R. 13 E, S. B. M.
lie names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon and
cultivation of the land, viz; Robert
Darling.of San Diego, Cal. ; Henry Gray,
of San Diego, Cal. ; John T. Rutter, of
Silsbee, Cal. ; E. G. Irwin, of Silsbee,
Viz , Eugene G. Irwin, homestead en-
try No. 9593, made June 8, 1901, for S\V
\i, Sec 8, T. 16 8. R. 13 E, S. li. M.
Ho names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous reHidence upon and
cultivation of the land, viz: Henry
Gray, of San Diego, Cal. ; Robert Dnr«
ling", of Ban Diego, Cal. : John Patterson,
of Silsbee, Cal. ; John T. Rutter, of Silt-
Viz., John T. Rutter, of Silnbet», Cal.,
homestead entry No. 0048, mmta Sept.
10, 1901, for EX of SK 1-4, S«c. 21. and
W>s of 8W 1-4, Sec. 22, T. 10 N K. 13
E, S B.M.
He names the following witnesses to
prove his continuous residence upon
and cultivation of the land, viz : Rob-
ert Da ling, of San Diego. Oal. ; Henry
Gray, of San Diego, Cal. ; John Patter-
son, of Bilsbee, Cal. ; K. G. Irwin, of
Silsbee, Cal. Frank O. Prescott,
Hotel El Centro I
EL CENTRO, CAL. j
1 W. W. MASTEN I
| LARGEST AND BEST FURNISHED |
I HOTEL IN IMPERIAL VALLEY. i
I ALL OUTSIDE ROOMS |
| MODERN IN ALL APPOINTMENTS |
I ELECTRIC LIGHTS |
5 HOT AND COLD WATER 1
I POPULAR PRICES |
| Most I
I Centrally |
I Located |
L. W. Blinn Lumber Co.
T. B. Blanchard, Agent
El Centro, California
El Centro Livery Stables
Rigs Furnishedj[Land Seekers"a£Reasonable[Rates.
Horses Fed and Cared For by 0 the Day^or Week.
Inquire at Hotel El Centro
El Centro California
, ______ ______ ,
W. F. HOLT, A. G. HUBBARD. TRUE VENCILL
PRESIDENT VICE-PRESIDENT CASHIER
Ualkp State Bank
ei Centre, Cal
Paid up Capital * $100,000,00
Surplus • < -$ 20,000,00
All accommodations extended to Customers
Consistent with Conservative Banking
Your Business Solicited
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