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Imperial Valley press. (El Centro, Calif.) 1907-current, November 28, 1907, Image 1

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Imperial Valley Press.
Fine Stock of Imperial Valley To Be Ex
hibited and Judged at El Centro on First
Day of Farmers' Institute. Programme
and Committees of the Institute.
'General arrangements for the
colt and stock show, to be held in
El Centro on Friday, Dec. 6, pre
ceding the sessions of the Farm
ers'lnstitute, have been com
pleted by Messrs. Wilsie, Clark
and Van Horn, the committee of
the Imperial Valley Stock Breed
ers' Association in charge of the
affair. Although the primary
purpose of the Association is to
bring out for exhibition the fine
•colts raised in the valley, the
show will be open to all other
live stock and all exhibits will be
judged and placed by experts.
The show will be held .in the
forenoon and the opening of the
Farmers' Institute has been post
poned to 1:30 p. m. in order that
all visitors may have opportunity
to attend, the live-stock exhibi
tion. Raisers of stock have man
ifested so much interest in the
show and have given the com
mittee such encouragement that
it is hoped the affair will result
in the organization of an agricul
tural association which will con
duct exhibitions regularly in the
future. /
The committee requests that
all entries be made on or before
the night of Saturday, Nov. 30,
in order that adequate accommo
dations may ts*sfcrovided for
stock. The place of exhibition
will be the ground west of Black
inton's livery stable, where suit
able pens for colts will be placed
by the Association. Places and
feed for colts will be furnished
by the committee and will be
ready on Thursday preceding the
show." All other stock must be
penned and cared for by owners,
but there will be plenty of feed
on the ground.
The classification of draft colts,
driving animals and saddlers will
be: Under 3 months, under 6
months, under 1 year, under 2
years, under 3 years, under 4
years; six classes in each division.
Mules may be entered in three
classes, viz: Under 3 mos., un
der 6 mos. and under 1 year.
Awards will be made for the
best draft stallion, best driving
stallion, best saddle stallion and
best jack, each to be shown with
five of his get. There will be
also sweepstakes for the best colt
of each breed within the maxi
mum age limit. First, second
and third ribbons will be given
in all classes and the ribbons will
show fully the class and placing,
-Competent judges from outside
will award the ribbons.f
There is no question that a
splendid lot of animals will be
shown, particularly in the driving
anrf heavy draft classes. Some
o^the finest stock in the state is
raised in Imperial Valley and the
average grade has been raised
greatly by the purchases of finely
Official Paper of Imperial Courtly
bred stallions during the past
three years. All conditions of
climate and feed are favorable to
the raising of first-class stock,
and it will be seen that the
ranchers of Imperial Valley have
not failed to appreciate their aoV
vantages. /
Programme of the Sessions to be Held
Next Month in El Centro
The University of California
Farmers' Institute will be held
in El Centro Opera House on
Friday and Saturday, Dec. 6 arid
7, beginning at 1:30 p. m., and
will be conducted by J. B. Neff,
of Anaheim as University Repre
sentative. Farmers attending
are advised to bring provisions,
as the hotels probably will be
unable to take care of so large a
crowd as is expected. Coffee
and bread will be supplied on the
grounds, and places for spread
ing luncheons will be provided.
The objects of the Farmers'
Institute are to promote agricul
ture and horticulture; to show
where wear and tear can be
diminished, labor saved, methods
of cultivation and production
improved, and the general wel
fare of the tiller of the soil
advanced. All farmers should
come and bring their families.
All subjects treated in the
papers read are open to full
discussion, and farmers are
urged to take part and express
their views. Following is the
programme, each session being
opened with music:
Friday, 1.30 p. m.
Address of Welcome, J. Stan
ley Brown, El Centro,
"* Response, J. B. Neff, Ana
Good R^ads, . D. A. Aplin,
Cantalopes, J. F. Roth, Braw
Friday Evening, 7:30
Question Box, J. ,B. Neff.
Sanitary Milk Dr.
C. M. Haring, Berkeley.
Grape Growing, J. W. Mills,
Saturday Morning 10 O'clock
Question Box, J. B. Neff.
i Vegetable Culture, J. W. Mills,
Teaching Agriculture in the
Public Schools, L.^E. Cooley, El
Saturday Afternoon, 1:30
Question Box, J. B. Neff
Deciduous Fruits for Market,
J. W. 1 * Mills, Riverside. »
Citrus Fruit Growing, Ben . F.
Thorpe, Covina.
Saturday Evening, 7:30
Question Box, J. B. Neff.
Common Troubles of Domestic
Animals, Dr. C. M. Haring,
Eucalyptus and other Tjmber
Trees, J. W. Mills, Riverside.
Dr. Haring and probably
some others will illustrate
lectures with the stereopticon.
Committees are as follows:
Arrangements: W. E. Wilsie,
A. W. Loffer, J. S. Bridenstine,
Clyde Reynolds, J. S. McCullom,
M. D. Johnson.
Music: R. H. Clark, Mrs. Law
rence, Miss Tout.
Exhibits and Decoration:
Messrs. Lawrence, Meyer, For
rester, Kendle, Kloke; Mesdames
Harding, Irvin, Perkiss and
Finance: A. W. Loffer, Ira
Publicity: Editors of Valley
Reception: Mr. and Mrs. Clyde
Reynolds, Mr. and Mrs. M. H.
McCall, Mr. and Mrs. R. L.
Greer, Mr. and Mrs. J. Arthur
Mcßride, Mrs. A. L. Loffer, Mr.
and Mrs. T. P. Banta, Miss Alice
Chowning, Mr. and Mrs. P. 0.
Parsons, Mr. and Mrs. Briden
stine, Mr. and Mrs. E. Tomkins,
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Bragg, Mr.
and Mrs. Ira Aten, Mrs. W. E.
Spreckels and Herrin in Conference
Over New Railroad Plans
A close confab between John
D. Spreckels and W. F. Herrin
in Los Angeles and a trip to San
Diego in the Spreckels .private
car lead the Examiner to believe
that there is something in the re
port that the Southern Pacific is
behind the San Diego and East
ern project. Both men were in
terviewed and as might be ex
pected, were non-commital in
their answers to the reporter.
Mr. Spreckels said: "We have
made no arrangements for east
ern connections after reaching
Yuma. This matter I shall take
up two years hence. I do not
deny, however, that we are con
templating connections with the
Southern Pacific, M., K. & T.,
Rock Island, the Phelps-Dodge
interests and other railways
building towards El Paso. We
have made no decision. so far.
■ 'We are progressing rapidly
with the building of our line and
hope to have it completed from
San Diego to Yuma within the
limit stated some time ago, that
of two years. In the meantime
we may arrange traffic connec
tions with other roads."
Mr. Herrin was'asked if the
Southern Pacific would take over
the new railroad being built by
the Spreckels interests. His re
ply was: "I cannot say; that is
out of my jurisdiction. lam go
ing* to Sail Diego with Mr.
Spreckels as there are some im
portant things we must talk over,
but the consummation of any
such deal as the absorption of
the San Diego and Eastern Rail
way I cannot discuss. Other au
thorities than myself are alone
in position to talk thereon."
Railroad builders are not shout
ing their purposes from the
housetops, but all signs point to
Southern Pacific control of the
Spreckels project. The line will
enter Imperial Valley by way of
Carrizo pass, where tunnel work
is already under way, and the
shortest line of connection would
bring the junction to El Centrd.
Experiments Demonstrate That This Region
Can Be Made The Dixie Land of California.
Three Bales Per Acre an Average Yield.
Estimated Profits of the Crop.
There are many Texans among
the settlers of Imperial Valley
and all of them who have had
experience in growing cotton are
convinced that the soil and cli
mate of this region are peculiarly
favorable to that crop.
Ira Aten is making various ex
periments on his ranch two miles
north of El Centro and among
them is the growing of cotton.
In April, 1906, he planted six
one-hundred yard rows of Myers
cotton, a variety well known in
Texas, and the plants made re
markable growth and bore an un
usual number of bolls that year.
The plants were left standing
and this year they are in vigor
ous condition. A stalk brought
in from the ranch a few days
ago carries so many opened bolls
that cotton experts estimate the
yield of an acre of similar plants
at eight bales.
The stalk doubtless was select
ed for its unusual fecundity and
should not be considered an av
erage sample. Mr. Aten, how
ever, estimates the average ,of
his small field at three bales to
the acre, v which is about treble
the ordinary yield in Texas. The
staple is three-fourths of an, inch
long and the bolls are larger and
the proportion of seed less than
in Texas.
Men of experience in cotton
growing believe that cotton would
add greatly to the resources of
Imperial Valley. The .plants,
they explain, require but little
irrigation and probably could be
cultivated with less labor and less
trouble by weed growth than in
the Texas fields. Because of
immunity from heavy rain and
wind storms, the picking could be
postponed without danger to the
crop and that work could be done
when there is little other farm
work going* on.
Picking could begin in Sep
tember, but it could be prolonged
uo to March, and it would give
continuous employment to labor
in what would be otherwise an
idle season. It would not be
necessary to bring to the valley
a new special class of laborers to
handle the crop. At the close of
the melon season the melon pick
ers could go to the cotton fields
and keep busy through the wint
er. Planting 1 would be done in
The owner of a small farm, it
appears, could handle a few acres
of cotton without increase of lab
or cost, employing to advantage
his own time. One man can pick
a bale of cotton in a week. It
takes 1500 pounds of seed cotton
to make a 500 pound bale of lint
cotton, worth from $50 to $G0 in
ordinary seasons. The seed is a
by-product to be taken into ac
count, as it is worth $15 to $20 a
ton. Assuming that the yield
would average only two bales to
the acre, the value of cotton and
seed wouloVbe from $120 to $140,
of which one half would be net
profit, the labor cost of the crop
being reckoned at fifty per cent.
If the plants grown by Mr. Aten
can be regarded as fair samples
of what Imperial Valley soil and
climate are capable of producing,
however, the acre-value would
exceed that estimate consider
An indispensable factor in the
production of cotton is the gin,
and as it costs about $5000 ;to
put up a cotton gin, the small
grower could not handle his pro
duct independently. A custom
gin would be required and there
are Texas cotton men in El Cen
tro ready to put up such a plant
when* assured of sufficient acre
age to justify the investment.
Fipm 500 to 1000 acres planted in
cotton would insure the estab
lishment of a gin.
Mr. Aten intends to continue
his experiments by planting a
larger area next season and giv
ing careful attention to cultiva
tion in order to determine just
what can be expected of the cot
ton crop in Imperial Valley, and
it is probable that other Texaris
familiar with the industry will
follow his lead.
Pertinent to the matter is the
display of cotton plants in the
Yuma exhibit at the Arizona
fair, concerning which the Re
publican says:
"Cotton raising is destined to
be a Yuma county industry and
the best cotton in the world at
that, the Egyptian cotton which
demands the higest price in the
market. The experiment station
at Yuma sends a cotton plant of
this variety eight feet high, heav
ily laddenwith the "fruit. "From
the same farm come plants also of
Rogers Big 801 l and Columbia
varities. It is claimed the Rogers
produces three bales to the
Early Imperial Oranges
Comparison made in San Ber
nardino recently shovyed that na
vel oranges gro ,n in Imperial
Valley are riper ;.nd in every way
superior to the host fruit now on
the trees in Highland groves and
equal to the San Bernardino
county product at its best. Im
perial Valley can produce the ear
liest citrus fruit in the state.
The annual meeting of the
stockholders of Central Creamery
company for the election of offic
ers for the ensuing year, will be
held at the offices of the Aten
Land Co., El Centro, California,
on Saturday, November 30, 1907,
at 2 o'clock p. m.
By order of the Directors.
F. S. Webster, President.
Ira Aten, Secretary. nl6-23
NO. 33

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