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Imperial Valley Press.
VOL. IX. ESTIMATED PROFITS ON CANTALOUPE CROP 'Commission Men's Figures Show Fair Average Re turns This Year, Results of Season's Shipments Indi cate That Market Can Absorb About I Fifteen Hundred Carloads and Pay Experienced Growers About Hun dred Dollars an Acre in' Favorable Years! i The last car of camaioupes has been : shipped from Imperial Valley and so far as shipments are concerned the season is ended; but It will require at least one week and possibly two more ; to compile returns which shall show , just how much' the melons growers i receive per crate! Figures showing! how much melons brought in certain ! markets and on certain dates are ; available, but until all the returns are in it will be impossible to make an ] accurate statement. Most of the com- [ mission men decline to give out fig- j ures on their season's returns until they are all In. But from such figures as are avail- ( able, an approximate estimate of the : results of the cantaloupe season can J be made and a few Inferences can be j drawn concerning the general canta- , loupe situation and what the grower can reasonably expect from year to ; year. During the season, 1260 carloads, containing 428,400 crates of canta loupes, were shipped. These were grown on 3500 acres, showing 120 crates on an average were shipped to the acre. In view of the facts that there were many inexperienced mel on growers in the business this year, that some of the patches were on un suitable soil and that more melons were grown than were shipped, the yield appears to have Deen remarka bly good.' ; Estimates made by commission men indicate that the nel returns to the growers on all classes of melons on an average throughout the season will be less than $1.00 per crate, possibly as low as 80 cents. From this must be deducted the cost of picking and. packing, so that, assuming the esti mate to be nearly correct, the enure crop will average to the farmer a lit tle better than 50 cents. This means that the 3500 acres have yielded, net, nearly a quarter of a million dollars and that cantaloupes have paid in the neighborhood of $60.10 per acre this year. Of course, many growers, who failed to get an>; early melons or who ' because of inexperience or unsuitable soil raised only a scanty crop, will get very much less than that amount, while a large number of growers will . receive $100^00 per acre and In some ■ cases very much more. According to the opinion of some of the veteran commission men, condi tions this year have been slightly less favorable than normal, but will furnish a fair criterion of what can be ex pected in the. long run of cantaloupe growing. The commission men say that the distribution has been remarkably good and that Imperial Valley melons have been offered for sale every- j where in the United States where a' demand for them might be expected. ; The market aB a whole has been ' Blightly unsettled, not only with re gard to melons but other products, and the prices obtained have consequent ly been a trffle lower than could be expected normally. ! Furthermore an improvement in the '. method of raising melons- can safely bo depended upon. Last year 9000 ; acres shipped 1950 carloads; this year j 3600 ecres shipped 1260 carloads. While , It 1b true that, because of a poor mar- : (Continued on Page 5.) Official Poper of Imperial County and City of 121 Centro. i EL CENTRO, CALIFORNIA, 3ATURDAY, JULY 31, 1909. VINEYARD PRODUCTS Fine Malagas Shipped From Forrester Ranch— Ton of Raisins To Be Made. The best Malaga grapes shipped from Imperial this year were those grown by E. E. Forrester west of El Centro. Forrester sent out nearly 300 crates of Malagas and 50 crates of Muscats. His Muscats were ripe be fore grape shipments began, and only a I small, quantity was in condition to send to market. The Malagas were in perfect condition and of the finest j possible quality. Bunches of more than five pounds each were taken from the vines. V \ , Forrester intends to make raisins i of the remainder of his grape crop j and expects to produce about a ton. i It takes only five days exposnre^upon the trays to convert ripe grapes into raisins in this' region, and because I of Immunity from dew. fog or damp ! ness in any form, the curing is cer i tain and the quality of product su- I perior to that of any known raisin j district. i In time raisin making may be one of the most extensive and profitable i industries of Imperial Valley** OFFICERS ROBBED BY PRISONER A new Mexican sheriff and his dep uty, taking a prisoner from California over the Santa Fe line last Sunday, were robbed of their guns, keys, watches and money by the prisoner, who released himself from his shack les and skipped. The deputy is Ben Williams, who has been posing as a gunflghter for years and fancies him self to be the smartest bad man that ever swaggered with badge and six shooter through the" Wild and Woolly. At last accounts the outwitted officers had the fugitive surrounded some where in the Colorado river bottoms near Needles and were hollering for grub and reinforcements. COACHELLA CABBAGE SALES The cabbage growers of Coachella valley sold their cabbages f. o. b. to the Southern California Vegetable Un ion and received from $35 to $46 a ton. The aphis pest, it is said, was as bad in that region as it was around El Centro, but the aphis of Coachella does not thrive and multiply in re frigerator cars, and It is not reported that any cars of cabbages arrived at market points covered with aphis hatched enroute under cakes of ice. If any Coachella cabbages were sold for freight, the growers never heard of tho transaction. MESQUITE LAKE FARMERS Withdraw From Number One and Or ganize New Mutual Water Company. The meeting of farmers of the Mes quite Lake district, held this week at. George Cannon's ranch, developed unanimous approval of the plan for withdrawal of the district from No. 1 iind formation of a new mutual water company. About fifty settlers were present, and they discussed the pro ject in all Its details with Manager Qor.v. of thrt California Development Company. It is proposed to build a dam across tho Alamo and irrigate the district with water now, going to waste. The arguments pf directors of No. 1 in op position to the plan apparently had no weight with the meeting, which decided to go ahead and Incorporate the new company, and elected the following directors: John McKinney, J. H. McKlni, H. L. Peck, W. M. Wea ver and Mr.. Stone. Definite articles of agreement will be drafted for signatures and Incor poration papers will be filed. SPREGKELS ORDERS ENGINES AND CARS Construction Train and Steel Rails Coming For San Diego & Arizona. , The first order for rolling stock has been placed by the San Diego & Ari zona railroad. ■ i The equipment is to consist of the latest type of locomotives and cars for construction work and is to be used chiefly on the heavy grades in Mexico. Track laying on the first twelve miles of main line will begin next week at two points, says the San Diego Union. Within the next sixty days the fln# construction train will be placed in operation. It will consist of a locomo tive, 36 fiat and 10 box cars and one water and one oil tank. The starting point will be St. Louis, Mo., and en route the train will stop at Pueblo, . where the flats will be loaded with an j additional 1000 tons of steel rails. The first consignment of steel rails j left the steel mills at Pueblo, C 010. ,' July 24, The rails are 75 pounds to \ the yard and will be capable of sus taining the heaviest of freight trains, j With the arrival of the ?.000-ton ship- ! ment enough will be on hand to con- j struct seventeen miles of main line track, four miles of double track and five miles of siding. It is the purpose ; to construct the main line between San Diego and Tia Juana as a double track road. SUPERINTENDENT WANTED Directors of Number One in Negotia tion With Engineer C. K. Clarke The directors of Mutual Water Com pany No. 1 have had a conference with Engineer C. K. Clarke on the subject of offering him the place ~of superintendent, and Mr. Clarke is mak ing an inspection of the company's system before entering into definite negotiations. Mr. Clarke was in charge of the building of the dam mat closed the last break of the Colorado below the Mexican heading of the C. D. canal and is preeminently qualified to put No. One's canals in shape and man age the affairs of the company if he has full authority. BRANCH OF FARMERS' UNION A branch of the Farmers' Union wajT| organized last Wednesday by set^rs j of the Mesquite Lake districj/The | officers elected are: President D. W. Tyler; vice-president, S. L. Gallagher; i secretary and treasurer, John McKln- ' hey; chaplain, H. P. Kyle; conductor Thomas Pollock; doorkeeper, I. J.J Harris. , i . I SITE FOR WATER WORKS ■ ' •/ ■■' ■•• ] The trustees of, the city of Imperial , have passed . a resolution providing j« for the purchase of Jhe tf 10*acre~ tract known as block- 96,"~ which will be used; as the sit for, the water works. The ! city pays $1706.25 for the block. : ' i NO RACE-TRACK ACROSS LINE The Mexican government has decid ed to cancel the Tia Juana gambling concession aiid prohibit racing in Low er California after October first. The action of Mexico was communicated to the State Department and by the do- • partment to Senator Flint. Walter Hamilton Is on his way home | from Texas and is expected to arrive In El Centro today. SCRAP OVER CABBAGES Rumor That The El Centra Terror Was Licked by a Commission Man. From Coachella Valley come rum ors of an encounter between th« head of tho Semi-Tropic Produce Co. and a disgruntled cabbago grower, which resulted to the cabbage man. Dr. T. . lies, the former pugnacious landlord of Hotel El Centro, has been particularly vociferous and caustic in criticism of the commission concern, and has threatened law suits and all sorts of trouble. lies has a ranch in Coachella, said to have been bought with money advanced by W. D. Bethel of the Semi-Tropic Co. The story is that lies and Bethel met and debated cabbages and red ink returns with asperity. A sixshoot er and brass knuckles are mixed up in the story but do not appear to have been put In commission effectively. The outcome of the debate is report ed to have hoen very unsatisfactory to the scrappy Boniface. Rumor even got-s to the extent of averring that he was licked to a fare-you-well. This is very sad, if true. TALKS TO FARMERS The postponed talk of W. W. Welch on farmers' organizations will be" giv en in Holt Opera House this (Sat urday) afternoon at 2 o'clock. Mr. Welch is a travelling organizer of the Farmers' Union, and he should know a great deal that is of interest to the farmers of the valley. On Monday afternoon Mr. Welch will talk to the farmers at Imperial. GUILTY, BUT NOT PROVEN The charge against R. W. Coy of resisting the City Marshal of Imper ial was dismissed by Justice Brad shaw, who declared his belief that Coy was 1 guilty, criticized the Deputy District Attorney for not proving it, and announced that in the future the court will be very severe with per sons, who resist arrest. DEATH ON THE DESERT. An Associated Press despatch from San Diego says notice has been re ceived there of the death and burial at Calexico of a man believed to be John Staple, a hotel man ot San Diego. The despatch cays Staple was bitten by a rattlesnake and compelled to lie on the desert near Calexico, unable to get either water or assistance. He died and the bod>>^C?as found and buried by Calexipdiiuthorities. VALUABLE HORSE BURNED Draft Stallion Refuses to Be Led From Blazing Barn. A barn and contents owned by W. H. Pool, three, miles west of El Cen tro, were entirely destroyed by fire Monday night. The exact cause of the fire Is unknown although It is sup posed that it may have caught from matches carelessly thrown down by men who were smoking. The barn was worth from $COO to $700. A val uable draft stallion, owned by Mr. Pool, was in the barn when the fire was discovered and every effort pos sible was made to g&. the animal out. He was once led as far as the door but became unmanageable through fear and broke away and ran to his stall, later perishing in the flames. Tho stallion was valued at about $500. C* L. Hall, former local manager for the Semi-Tropic Produce Co. and lat er connected with tho H. Woods Co., Ikik gone to Coachella and Los An geloß, and In two weeks will make a vacation Journey to the Atlantic coast. « No 17. RAVAGES OF WEEVIL SOUTHS PROBLEM Enemy to Cotton Crop That Must Be Kept Out of the Imperial Valley. Pest That Came From Mexico Steadily Marching Through Southern States . and Destroying the Country's Great est Agricultural Industry— No Sure Antidote Yet Discovered. Last spring some of the Imperial Valley farmers intending to try the experiment of growing cotton ignored all warnings against obtaining seed promiscuously and ordered cotton seed from general seed dealers. When the seed was seized and destroyed by hor ticultural inspectors, the purchasers felt aggrieved and thought the officers were needlessly strict, but that was because they did not know the boll weevil and did not appreciate the vital importance of reducing to the min imum the chance of introduction of that pest into this region. In the August number of "Success," Harris Dickson 'tells what the boll weevil is doing to the South. From his story the following excerpts are taken. > ' This destructive insect comes from Mexico, the only free-list importation \ that' enters the South. Mr. Weevil does not masquerade as an article of con i sumption, being pre-eminently a con- • | sumer himself. The daintiest of all ! epicures, h^ eats nothing but cotton, and selects only 1 the choicest bits. He | does not Injure the plant itself, de- I stroying only the fruit. The field ' grows tall and gloriously green, but I when the weevil gets through with it ' one hundred acres may not yield a ! single bale. , If Mr. and Mrs. 801 l Weevil we're I cast into the cotton patch, lonely as \ Adam and Esve in the Garden of Eden, they would immediately begin to re ; plenish the eaVth. Starting as utter i Grangers in the neighborhood, fight ing against poverty, prejudice, and so- • cial ostracism, they would rear a fam ily of some twenty-nine of thirty mil lions before the frost broke up their house-keeping. Mrs. Weevil is particularly exclusive and will not crowd her young. She lays about one hundred and forty eggs and requires a separate square or boll for each one. By some subtle instinct, • she can tell whether another Mrs. : Weevil has been to that particular boll. llf so she passes on. If not she punc ■ tures the boll, deposits her egg, and proceeds to the next. This propensity makes her unpopular with the farmer, for a "stung" boll produces no cotton. j The boll shrivels and dies while fur i nishing food for the growing worm. Later in the season, Mrs. Weevil can not be so fastidious, and lays her eggs in the first boll she comes across. The egg hatches into a white worm, gradually grows larger gets hard, turns out a fine new bill, puts on wings and legs, then eats Its way into the wide, wide world ready for business. If It be in the early spring, before squares have formed on the cotton, the young weevil subsists by sucking the buds. When the good old summer time is gone, Mr. Weevil hides in the bark of a tree, curls up in the trash, beside n hedge row. or seeks out a knot hole In a fence rail. But the snuggest berth is the old cotton house, which stands in every field. Itts crevices and crannies make ideal winter quarters. There he hibernates through tho win ter — in the beetle or adult condition — and requires no food. Millions of them die; birds search them out; but when all misfortunes have been reck oned with, a goodly number of them survive. These generally come from ' (Continued on Page 5.)