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Maximum Monday 78, minimum Tuesday 40; 5 a.m. Tuesday 51, hu midity 68; noon Tuesday 66, humid ity 31; 5 p.m. Mon. 72, humidity 48. BANK. DEBITS Monday $1,390,389.47 Last Year $845,372.28 VOL. XLIII, No. 87 PRUSSIAN FORTRESS FALLS TO RED HORDES Tanks Unopposed In Sweep Across The Luzon Plain Frontal Attack Merges Into One Spearhead Down Paved Highways Toward Isle Capital By WILLIAM B. DICKINSON GENERAL MacAItTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS, LU ZON, Jan. 16. (UP) —American tanks, mobile guns and infantry swept on unchecked and apparently unchallenged across the great central Luzon plains less than 75 air miles north of Manila today. The biggest invasion of the Pacific war entered its sec ond week with American spearheads nearly 35 air and 40 road miles inland from the Lingayen Gulf beachhead almost a third of the way to the Philippines capital. Stiff fighting was under way along the Rosario-Pozor- Rambling eporter An Anniversary— Tuesday was a great day for A. H. Rehkopf of El Centro. He said: ‘‘Forty-four years ago Tuesday I first saw this land where, someone has said, ‘we have summer all win ter and Hell all summer.’ To me the Hell of it is- the best of it. I love it, the real summer time when my shirt may be wet but my nose is dry.” • Baby Corner— Is there a baby scales in the house? A terrible situation has been un earthed at the hospital at the El Centro marine air station. They have no scales in their out-patient de partment to weigh the Marine babies either new or a little older. Imagine net being able to weigh our future Marines and Marine res ervists! An un-pretty state of af fairs. Doctors and nurses there want to borrow some scales. They promise to take good care of them and re turn them in good order. Telephone the Red Cross El Cen tro 224. Thank You— Thank you, Public. You responded nobly with the request for rooms. We ll be back later for more help. COUNTY RENEWS PREDATORY CONTROL Coyctes are on the increase in California, so the Imperial county board of supervisors Monday re newed the contract with the federal and state governments for their cus tomary predatory and rodent con trol program. The contract calls for a salary of $2400 a year for one man to trap coyotes and other predatory animals and rodents who prey on livestock. Ag Prof Admits Meloland Need "Scope and facilities at Meloland Experiment station will be increased but why not strengthen the junior college agricultural departments in stead of starting a new non-degree agricultural college at the station?” were remarks made in El Centro Tuesday by Professor B. A. Madson, head of the agronomy division of the University of California, under whose supervision the Meloland station operates. He made the statement and asked the question while discussing the program advocated by the Meloland Group and backed by many organi zations in Imperial county. “We plan to expand the facilities and scope of the Meloland station," Professor Mac.y.) 1 said, “but it seems to me that it would be better to strengthen the junior college, which needs strengthening, instead of starting an entirely new educa tional institution.” He has been familiar with the operation of the Meloland experi ment station since 1911, he said. Professor Madson advocated a more expanded and better agricul tural department at the junior col leges which he believed would meet the need for non-degree agricultur al training. “We would divert too much money and energy from the station experi mental work itself,” the professor said, "if we started up a new college. The entrance requirements could IMPERIAL VALLEY PRESS Complete World-Wide News from United Press Leased Wire Service, Entire NEA Features, with Valley News by the Largest Editorial Staff in South eastern California. The Only local Daily Newspaper Serving El Centro, Calexico, Holtville, Imperial, Seeley and Ileber. rubio line at the northeastern cor ner of the beachhead, but the un opposed frontal advance already had carried to within nearly 30 miles of the great Clark field air center and perhaps a dozen miles of the provin cial capital of Tarlac. MERGE SPEARHEAD Camiling, 23 road miles inland from Lingayan and five miles inside Tarlac province, fell Sunday to two converging columns which advanced nine miles from Bayambang, to the northeast and Mangatarem, to the northwest, and merged into a sin gle powerful army aimed straight at Manila. 4 Tarlac lies 22 road miles and 17 air miles south of Camiling and may be engulfed by the advancing Am ericans within the next 24 hours, if it has not already fallen. For the first time since General Douglas MacArthur’s men began the march back to Manila from New Guinea, they are fighting under the conditions in which their mech anized equipment and great fire power can best be used. HIGHWAYS SPEED ASSAULT Most important bridges between the gulf and the front lines already have been repaired and there are long stretches of two-lane concrete and gravel roads over which thous ands of American vehicles can oper ate at speeds up to 50 miles an hour —another far cry from New Guinea and Leyte. American bombers stfuck out ahead of the advancing trpops Fri day and Saturday and heavily bomb ed and strafed both Tarlac and the Clark Field air center, as well as air fields at Manila and farther south. Supply and bivouac areas were destroyed at Tarlac and large fires started. At the center of the beachhead, other American forces advanced five miles from Catablan to Urdan eta, 16 miles southeast of Dagupan, along the main highway running east across the plains. Units in the northwest corner of the beachhead seized several hill top positions in sharp fighting with Japanese forces and gradually were reducing enemy*positions with ar tillery and mortar fire. be modified so that anyone interest ed in taking agriculture at the jun ior colleges could do so even if they do not have the necessary re quirements under the present sys tem.” He did not say when the station will be expanded. Nip Crash Boats Fail Destruction By RALPH C. TEATSORTH ABOARD ADMIRAL KINCAID’S FLAGSHIP OFF PHILIPPINES, Jan. 16. (UP)—A fantastic Japanese plan to destroy the American inva sion ships in Lingayen gulf by hurl ing at them a fleet of “suicide boats” can be revealed today. The plan flopped because the Japanese failed to exploit their weapon to the maximum advantage and because the American troops advanced so fast that the “suicide boats” became untenable. The Japanese made a feeble effort to sink our ships on the night of the landing on the Lingayen gulf coast, but caused only slight damage and did not repeat the attack. Z accompanied a V, B. Bevoifh Six Pages WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. (UP) —The War Manpower Commission today moved to facilitate drafting of 200,000 industrially-deferred men in the 26-29 age category by setting up a listing of critical and essential industries to govern the order in which they would be called. In gen eral, men in the limited list of crit ical employments will be deferred the longest. The list actually was based on the year-old list of 35 essential indus tries established in 1944 to guide local draft beards in acting on occu pational deferment requests. In its new form, however, roughly one third of the several hundred sub headed occupations were listed as critical. The remainder retained es sential ranking. Only seven industries were listed as critical in all divisions. These covered the production of aircraft and aircraft parts; ships, boats and parts; crdnance and accessories; ammunition: metal shapes and forgings for essential products; ma chinery, and essential rubber prod ucts. War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes, in laying down rules for calling up the 200,000 deferred 26- through-29’s, said yesterday they should be drafted on the basis of the relative importance cf their jobs. He listed five categories, and said local boards should call men from the initial categories before dipping into the latter ones. They were: 1. Registrants not employed in any of the 35 essential categories. 2. Those engaged in relatively un important jobs in essential but not critical occupations, and who may be replaced "without difficulty.” 3. Those in relatively unimpor tant jobs in the critical war pro grams and those in such programs Clear Tuesday, Tucst’ay night, and Wednesday. Maximum tem perature around 70 degrees. De creasing wind Tqesday night and Wednesday. Local light frosts Wednesday night; lowest tem peratures around 30 degrees. Carrier Planes Range, Strike, The China Coast Task Force Batters Area From Hong Kong to Amoy After Hitting Daring, Successful Saigon Blow PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 16. (UP) —Carrier planes of the Third Fleet, turning north after wrecking 69 ships off French Indo-China, lashed the China coast from Hong Kong to Swatow with bombs and bullets yesterday for the second straight day, Tokyo broadcasts revealed today. A Pearl Harbor communique re ported without elaboration that Ad miral William F. Halsey’s air ttrik ing forces had opened the attack Sunday along a 350-mile stretch of the coasi from Hongkong ncrth through Swatow to Ano.v. Following through Monday, Tokyo said, about 70 carrier planes bcmbed fleet party that discovered the hide out of the Japanese suicide boats yesterday. An LCI skippered by Lt. (jg) W. Craw of New York city, took us into Sual bay on the west side of the gulf, where the boats had been abandoned. The hideout was just north of the town of Sual in a coconut grove that made it difficult to spot from the air. The Japanese apparently fled two or three days ago as the Americans approached the base. We found 22 boats measuring 18 feet and seven inches in length. They had been equipped to carry two dept hcharges and two spares on the rear. They could be dropped in. the normal manner or set off as the boat crashed Into the side of a WMC Moves to Draft 200,000 Men 26 to 29 Agriculture Taken Off List in Move To Step up Draft utiyuu in cum v/g& ci 11 (Continued on Page 6, Col. 5) WEATHER FORECAST EL CENTRO, CALIF. British, Yanks Seize Initiative On West Front Tommies Launch Roer Offensive As Seventh Storms Upper Rhine Joining Whittling Down Bulge PARIS, Jan. 16. (UP) —Lieutenant-General Sir Miles C. Dempsey’s British Second Army opened a new offensive today against the German bridgehead west of the Roer river in the area of the Dutch border town of Sittard, 17 miles northwest of Aachen. National Service Law Opposition Studied by FDR WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. (UP) President Roosevelt today conferred with high military officials and con gressional advisors on the outlook for obtaining national service leg islation in view of the renewed op position that the proposal has met. The President was considering sending a special message to con gress on the subject. In hLs annual message to congress on January 6 Mr. Roosevelt renew ed last year’s plea for universal ser vice legislation, asserting that it was necessary to provide the arms to win the war. He also asked for “work or fight” legislation to make more effective use of 4-F’s. This is the subject of current hearings by the house mili tary affairs committee, and also has run into considerable opposition. NAM JOINS OPPOSITION Only today, both the National As sociation of Manufacturers and the Congress of Industrial Organiza tions went on record against the pending “work or fight” bill, as well as the more stringent national service plan. The NAM said the work-or-figUt principle, which it supported, can be carried out effectively through a voluntary program plus legislation to give the war manpower commiss ion more authority to enforce its labor ceilings and hiring controls. It is not necessary to put industry and labor "in a straitjacket by com pulsory legislation,” the NAM said. CIO CLAIMS MISTAKES CIO President Phillip Murray (Continued on Page 6, Col. 4> Bv MAC R. JOHNSON and machine-gunned Hongkong, Canton and Swatow, the latter mid way between Hongkong and Amoy. Five planes were shot down and three damaged, Tokyo said. “The damage to our side was neg ligible,” the broadcasts added. FORMOSA ATTACKED Formosa, Japanese island bastion athwart the tea approaches to the China coast, also apparently was hit both days. Pearl Harbor confirmed Sunday’s attack and a Tokyo broarr= cast yesterday said 200 carrier planes raided the island next day. The Third fleet moved nearly 800 miles north for its latest attacks cn the China coast after scoring its largert one-day toll of the war olf French Indo-China Friday the sinking of 41 ships totaling 127,000, tons and damaging of 28 others to taling 70,000 tens. 112 PLANES HIT Two light cruisers and 10 destroy er escorts were among the ships sunk or damaged. Two convoys, one of 11 ships and another of 19, were wiped out completely and a third decimated. A total cf 112 enemy planes waf destroyed and 50 dam aged. •Sixteen American planes were lost, but surface forces apparently es caped undamaged. It was one of the most one-sided victories of the Pa cific war. Fighters paved the way for the tContinued on Pnge 6, C«fl. 8> TUESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1915 Simultaneously the American Seventh Army at the opposite end of the western front seized the init iative along the upper Rhine, stormed the German bridgehead north of Strasbourg, and gained al most two miles to the outskirts of Gambsheim, nine miles from the Alsatian capital. The new Allied blows were struck as American and British troops, grinding down the wilted Ardennes salient, were occupying its one-time anchor post of Houffalize, which the Nazis abandoned, and closing against St. Vi'th, the last big German-held base west of the Siegfried line In that sector. 'British tanks and troops, attack ing frem the famous Dutch corridor between Belgium and Germany, struck into swiftly defended terri tory bounded by Sittard, Roermonc, on the Maas 15 miles to the north, and Geilenkirchen, 11 miles south east of Sittard. The drive was aimed into the southern flank cf the German bulge westward into the British positions along that border : pgicn of the (Continued on Page 6, Col. 3) Officers Ask County Boost Salaries SIOO Elective officers of Imperial county Monday asked the county board of supervisors to grant them a raise of SIOO a month each, ad just salaries of some appointive of ficers to compare more favorably with ether salaries paid by the county, and adopt a sliding scale for payment of all salaries in all county departments. The recommendations were drawn up by the elective officers at the request of the 'board of supervisors and accepted for consideration later. Department heads drew up what they considered a lair and efficient way to handle the salary problem within departments. County School Superintendent E. L. Hiteman acted as spokesman for the county employes, explaining that the department heads wished a bulk allotment made to each department for payment of salaries, wanted a minimum and maximum salary for each department, anc asked the board to permit department heads to allocate the salaries among the employes. “That is our idea.” Supervisor A. Y. Preble said. “Department heads know which employes are most val uable to them. Under this system the beard will not have to act as referee between departments.” The board will act later on the suggestions made Monday. Supervisors Urge Expansion of Highway Patrol “Expand the personnel and facil ities of the 'California Highway pa trol even if it means increasing the motor vehicle license fee $1 for each vehicle in the state," was the gist of a resolution passed by the Im perial county board of supervisors Monday. The resolution passed by a vote cf 4 to 1, Supervisor Hugh T. Os borne of El Centro voting agaiiast it and' Supervisors I. Schlatter of Calexico, Dave Vencill of Holtville, A. Y. Preble of Imperial and B. M. Graham of Brawley voting in favor of it. r Supervisors some time ago en dorsed a program of expansion and improvement of the squad in Im perial county by increasing the per sonnel to 26 men and clerks and equipment to 15 automobiles and a radio transmitter. The program was drawn up by Captain Mark Hebblethwaite to show what is needed to make the patrol more ef ficient and better able to handle traffic problems within the borders df the county State's Fixed Costs Increase Is 35 Million Warren to Recommend Boost, Democrats to Ask Line Item Budget SACRAMPINTO, Cal., Jan. 16. (UP) Governor Earl Warren today disclosed that the state’s fixed expenses for the next two years will ex ceed those for the 1943-45 biennium by $108,000,000 and that he will rec ommend an increaf e ol $35,000,000 in ordinary, controllable expenses. In a partial review of his budget estimates the governor did net, however, reveal what the total es timate of state spending will be for the two years beginning next July 1. He emphasized that the total would not be as high as $700,000,000. Warren also announced he fa vored annual, instead of biennial, state budgets and said that if an an nual budget syrtem were used he would faver some of the features of close control of spending by the legislature indicated by the term “line item” budget. Assembly Democrats announced earlier they would urge adoption of the line item type of budget which would prevent shifting of mcney from fund to fund. The governor said his budget esti mates show that the state’s fixed chaiges for the next two years will total $485,000,000, including $215,- 000,000 made mandatory by the con stitution and $270,000,000 demanded by law. The total is more than the entire budget estimate submitted tc the legislature by the governor in 1943. The $35,000,000 increase in ordi nary expenses over that being spent during the present two years in cludes $13,000,000 to $15,000,000 for construction and improvement of pi isons. institutions and other state buildings, to be started as scon as possible, the governor said. The remaining $20,000,000 increase is for the “normal administrative” costs, he said, and includes in creases of $5,500,000 for the Univer sity of California and state colleges, (Continued on Page 6, Col. 7> Dead Engineer Piloted Express In Utah Crash OGDEN, Utah, Jan. 16. (UP)—A dead engineer piloted the speeding 20-car mail and express train which thundered out of the pre-dawn darkness December 31 and ploughed into the rear end of the passenger section of the Southern Pacific's crack "Pacific Limited,” killing £0 persons and injuring four-score more. Such was the testimony this morning by Colonel Prank B. Queers, pathologist at Bushnell General hospital, Brigham City, Utah, who conducted an autopsy on the body of James McDonald, 64, gray-haired veteran engineer of the fast mail-express. County Refuses Road Route Plan Exact routing of the proposed Im perial county link in the transcon tinental, interregional highway to be built after the war must be shown the Imperial county board of supervisors before they will en dorse legislation to make it possible. Tentative routing across Imperial county by-passed all towns and fol lowed a line through the rural areas that would mean new construction instead of utilization of existing the supervisors were told by men who appeared before the board Monday afternoon to discuss the proposal. WOULD CROSS COUNTY The proposed post-war road un der discussion would enter Imperial county at Yuma, cross the county from east to west and link up with the San Diego county link at the county line. “We know the route marked on the map is not supposed to be fi nal,” Supervisor B. M. Graham of Brawley said, “but it would be un wise for us to endorse legislation making construction of such a road possible.” CHAMBERS DECRY ROUTE Secretary W. G. Duflock of the El Centro Chamber of Commerce ex plained that the road shown on the map being considered would be one of the so-o*Ued "limited' access Five Cents Nazis Evacuate Silesia Before Flanking Drive Russian Avalanche Carries to Polish Communications Center As Assault Grows on East Front LONDON, Jan. 16. (UP) —Moscow announced today that the first White Russian Army, joining the all-out Sov iet winter offensive, had smashed westward from the Vis tula up to 37 miles on a 75-mile front in a mighty onsurge flanking Warsaw to the south and carrying to the out skirts of Radom. The Red Army captured Radom today, the Moscow radio reported. One German report placed the Russians already to the west of Radom, 56 miles south of Warsaw and 25 miles west of the Vistula, and the fall of the communications network appeared imminent. Russian spearheads already were within 45 miles of Silesia and threatened the ancient Polish capital of Krakow. There were reports of uncertain reliability that the Nazis in panic already had begun the evacuation of some industrial centers in Silesia. The Germans declared that Radom was the “center of gravity” of the Red army assault which now had spread to envelop almost the entire eastern front in what the Ger mans acknowledged was the bloodiest fighting of the war. NAZIS WHEEL RESERVES Nazi reserve divisions were being wheeled hastilv into Tokyo Claims Yanks Raid Portuguese City By UNITED ,PRESS Tokyo radio claimed that Macao, Portugnese-owned territory on the China coast, was bombed and straf ed by U. S. carrier planes Tues day. The unconfirmed enemy claim re corded by United Press in San Fran cisco said “the wanton attack was launched by United States Grum man carrier-borne planes.” “Macao’s harbor facilities and city quarters were relentlessly bombed and strafed resulting in heavy dam age to property and a large num ber of casualties of citizens of the port city,” the broadcast said. Growers Scan Incentive Flax Pay Benefits Interest in a rider on the $30,000,- COO federal crop insurance act was high in Imperial Valley today with flax growers attempting to find out if they will get “incentive payments” for planting over their quota of flax. According to the United Press Tuesday, the WFA will make $5 per acre incentive payments up to a national goal cf five million acres. In addition to the planting pay (Continued on Page 6, Col. 2) roads,” meaning that it would be I 'possible to get to it from by-roads at intervals of a mile or so. This, he said, would make the road of only limited use to the farmers and I other residents of Imperial county. "Roads should lead to towns,” said Charles Nice, seen*.ary of the Braw ley Chamber of Commerce, “and we ; see no reason for by-passing towns even on tentative routings. This (Continued on Page 6, Col. 1) Burma-Yunnan Link Forged MPITKYINA, Burma, Jan. 16. (UP)—A Chinese first army patrol pushing down the Shweli valley from newly captured Namhkan, con tacted a patrol from the Chinese ex peditionary forces today five miles nothwest of Muse as the drive to reopen the China-India land route neared completion. Chinese force in Burma and the expeditionary force In Yunnan pro vince. The, Chinese still were faced witft reducing the Japanese strong DO YOU KNOW- That in Imperial Valley several different props can be grown on the same acre at the same time? It's the Weather Phone 300 ~ ■'''“'ft MtIVVIVU llltu action in an effort to slow down the ever-increasing pace of the Red 1 army advance. The Germans identified the Sov iet forces engaged in the Radom area as Marshal Konstantin Rokos sovsky’s first White Russian army. Radom was one of the prize stra tegic goals of the Soviet offensive, controlling a network of eight good highways, leading north to Warsaw and northwest to Tomaszow, 48 miles distant. The Soviet advance south of War saw was on a front so broad and the penetration already was so deep that the possibility that the Polish capital would be completely flanked and open to assault from the rear j was emerging. AIR FLEET JOINS ATTACK With improvement of weather the Red air fleet joinec. the battle, harassing Nazi efforts to bring re serve forces into position. The Ger mans said they had brought up fresh armored forces which de stroyed 122 Soviet tanks but frank ly admitted the Russian advance was rolling forward at all points. The German High Command re ported the loss of Schlossberg, 28 miles northeast of Insterburg and 14 miles inside East Prussia, in vio lent fighting at the northern end of the 800-mile Soviet offensive front. Schlossberg, transport junction and hedgehog base in the network of German homeland defenses, fell to the Russians "despite a grim de fense by our troops." a Berlin com munique said, giving weight to its earlier reports that massed Soviet iorces were hammering the whole (Continued on Page 6, Col. 1) County Grants Four-Lane Road i Right-of-Way ' The dream cf a four-lane highway to be built between El Centro and Brawley in the post-war period was a shade nearer reality Tuesday. State highway commissioners Monday asked the county board of supervisors to grant them a right of way on some ccunty property near the north city limits of El Centro so the four-lane route will be pos sible. Supervisors voted to grant the right of way. hold at Wanting, 26 miles northeast of Namhkum, before the main sup ply route is entirely cleared. (A Japanese Domei dispatch mon itored by the United Press in New York said the Yunnan expedition ary force had suffered more than 2J.000 casualties in the battle far wanting and thut its latest attempt to attack the garrison’s flank after crossing the Lungchuan river near Muse had been repulsed.) Narnhkam was believed to be the last strong point of resistance be fore wanting.