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Imperial Valley press. (El Centro, Calif.) 1907-current, August 19, 1945, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92070146/1945-08-19/ed-1/seq-1/

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L. A. HAY—No. 1 Barlev 524-26; No. 1 Oat hay
S-9-31; LJ. S. No. 1 Alfalfa S3O-3F; U. S. No.
2 Alfalfa green and leafy 527.50-28.50; No. 2 824-25.
Maximum Friday BG, minimum Saturday 76; 5 a.m.
Saturday 80. humidity 87; noon Saturday 84, hu
midity 80; 5 p.m. Friday 81, humidity 84.
VOL. IX, N O . 31
Bridges Swept
Out by Rains
At Two Points
Highway 99 Closed Near Westmorland;
No. 80 Blocked in Coyote Wells
Area Where Trains Also Are Stalled
Heavy rains Saturday morning added to the Friday
mm nine storm, wa hed out the roadbwd and two bridges
on Highwax !>'.• to Lo Angeles ami halted traffic on High
way K 0 to San Diego.
Iwo l>ridi’<‘s ol the San Diego and Arizona Eastern
Railway also w re out in the Dixieland area. Up to noon
Saturday, Southern Pacific reported no washouts in the
north end of the valley.
Heavy run-off. amt I he-breakin n .
of rhe protective storm levee w.-,t
of Westmorland caused flooding of
Highway 99. damaging the San
Felipe and Trifoliutn bridges. Ven
dors Corner reported the highway
washed out all around the service
Trail ic to and from las
war, being turned bark by the high
way patrol Highway maintenance
crews were working to repair the
damave but were hampered by con
tinued rain and Hood dndition
Two breaks in the We,t Side Main
Canal south of Highway 80 flooded
that road, which was labelled ■jm-
Next Time Take a Boat—
When rain: like the present one
flood Ihe vallc. the Inn « rial Irri
gation District really works over
time trying to stop canal bleaks, cut
down water How and protect roads.
So. true to his job. Byron Walker,
water superintendent for Westmor
land. got up early Saturday morn
ing to investigate the washout in
the San Ft lipe area west of his
town. The latest communique from
tiie area reports Walker is maroon
ed. but sate, waiting for the water
to go down.
Planes are ready to parachute
supplies. RR understand:..
Better Learn to Swim—
The health department found it
self in a distinctly unhealthy situa
tion Saturdat morning when a com
bination of weather and plumbing
caused a flood in the courthouse
basement which n ached its peak in
the health oflice laboratory. rhe
staff organized an t o.er a <y crew
to bail and carry records to safe!;,
and were hoping the storm would
subside before rafts became neces
Vinson Sees Lower Taxes
With Business Up First
(UP) —Lower taxes next
year, especially lor business,
were seen Saturday as a dis
tinct •possibility following a press
conference statement by Secretary
of the Treasury Fred M. Vin.cn.
Vinson said the treasury was giv
ing serious consideration to revision
of taxes on 1946 income. He woulc
not enlarge on this statement but
referred reporters to his mobiliza
tion report to congress last July 1
in which lie called for moderniza
tion of the tax structure and lower
ing of corporation and other busi
ness taxes.
Meanwhile Sen. Harold O. Burton
iR, i, Ohio, a member of the sen
ate commerce committee, demanded
the repeal cr reduction of the ex
cess profits tax on corporations by
Jan. 1.
Sen. Dennis Chavez <D.‘, New
Mexico, prec icting congressional
study of the reconversion tax prob
lem by year end. promised to seek
tax reductions for those who have
lest jobs in war industry and re
turning service men.
passable." Adding to the canal
break, 190 inches of rain fell be
tween G and 8:30 a. m. in the Coyote
Wells area.
Water running almost double the
capacity of the Dixie Waste leading
to Westmorland and Imperial Irri
gation District set (Tews working
to avert a break. Breaking flf tile
protective strom levee west of West
morland flooded the highway and
endangered the canal system in
that area.
W. E. Hartzog, superintendent of
drainage construction and water
distribution for the District, said it
would be impossible to estimate
damage to the irrigation system.
Crews were working frantically to
avoid further breaks in the canals
and were investigating reports of
breaks. ,
The All-American canal was in no
danger. Hartzog said, as the 2500-
second feet of flow in the canal
Saturday morning was cut to 1300
in a bort time. Most damage was
(Continued on Page G. Col. G>
Eighteen Fliers
Meet Death as
2 P-29s Collide
WEATHERFORD. Tex.. Aug. 18
|UP i Eighteen men were dead and
two others were injured Saturday
after two B-29 Superfortresses col
lided high ever Weatherford Friday
night, disintegrated and crashed in
The collision was visible from GO
miles awav.
One of the planes was from Ala
mogordo, N. M„ Air Field The
other was based at Clovis. N. M.,
Air Field. Both presumably were
on routine training flights and car
ried crews oi io men each.
The two injured men parachuted
to safety and were taken to a Wea
therford hospital for emergency
treatment and then moved to the
■Continued on Page 6, Col. 3>
Burton said congress should wipe
I out the excess profits tax or “any
tax that tends to restrict produc
tion or investment in new incus
He did not think drastic reduc
tions in individual income taxes
are as urgent as cuts in the levy
on corporate earnings.
ODT Removes
Speed Limit
The nation-wide 35 miles an hour
speed limit was lifted Saturday by
the office of defense transporta
tion. ODT Director J. Monroe John
son has notified all state governors
that the ban has been removed
effective Sunday.
Johnson urged motorists to "think
twice before attempting to increase
regular driving speeds in old cars
no longer capable of high-speed op-
I eration.”
Only Paper in Imperial Valley Served by Complete United Frets Fast News Wire, Full N'EA, inc., Featured, with Valley Newt
by the Largest Editorial Start in Southeastern California.
Six Pages
Deliverance Near
WRIGHT. hero of Corregidor
and Bataan, believed in a Jap
prison camp at Mukden, Man
churia, may be released by the
advancing Russians.
Wainwright Waits
Release as Russ
Move on Mukden
MANILA, Aug. 18. (UP> Lt.
Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, who
succeeded Gen. Douglas MacArthur
on Corregidor in 1942 and nego
tiatec the American surrender, may
be liberated by the Russian armies
driving into Manchuria, it was re
vealed Saturday.
The American Red Cross report-.
ed that Wainwright. 200 high-rank
ing American officers and 1200 un
listed men were last reported im
prisoned at <ne cf two camps at
Mukden, which a Japanese broad
cast reported the Russians were
Wainwright is the most famous
of about 135.000 Allied prisoners of
war and civilian internees estimat
ed by the Red Cross last spring
to be in Japanese hands. Maj.
James P S. Devereaux and ap
proximately 1000 marines who par
ticipated in the defense of Wake
Island were last reporter in a camp
near Shanghai.
The Red Cross said the Japanese
originally captured and hit aimed
mi re than 200.000 Allies, not
counting native troops. The total
included more than 33 000 Ameri
cans, almost 100.000 British and
most of the remainder Dutch
Deaths in camps and on torpedoed
ships were estimated at 50 000.
mostly among prisoners of war
Some 10.000. mainly civilians, have
been repatriated or liberated.
7he Red Cross reported that
more than 100 camns in Japan hold
from 30.000 to 40,000 prisoners of
war. Included are 7000 Americans.
14 noo British, from 5000 to WOO Ans-
iContinued on Page 6, Column 5>
Asked whether there was hope
for prompt tax reductions Vinson
raid that was a nfhtter for congress
to decice.
He also declined to comment on
possible elimination of the excess
profits tax. A recently enacted law
increased exemptions on excess
profits taxes from SIO,OOO to $25,000.
With cars in their present worn
out condition, he said, high-speed
driving will increase the frequency
of accidents and undue wear, par
ticularly on tires.
The order establishing the federal
speed limit was issued September
26. 1942. as tire-conservation meas
ure on recommendation of the Ba
ruch rubber committee. It later was
made a law by some state legisla
tures and by proclamations of gov
WLB Surrenders
Control Over
Wage Increases
Employers May Boost
Pay as Long as
Prices Are Not Lifted
(UP) —The war labor board
S a t u r d a y surrendered all
control over wage increases
not requiring higher prices
but hung onto its right to
rule on wage cuts.
Wage increases which will force
employers to raise tiieir prices mut t
still be approved by the WLB and
Stabilization Director William H
Davis under the government's new
reconversion wage policy.
Saturday's action will mean im
mediate raises for approximately'
1.000,000 workers whose 16.207 em
ployers alreacy have asked the
WLB fcr permission to grant them
increases. The board directed its
regional boards to tell the employ
ers it was okay to put the raises
WLB Chairman George W. Taylor
said all of the nation's other em-,
plovers also may increase wages as
much as they wish provided they do
not ask fcr higher prices.
He said there is now no “little
steel" ceiling on such pay boats.
He indicated that this wartime
yardstick also will be ignored by
the WLB in dispute cases if neces
sary to correct any wage inequi
Taylor emphasized that permis
sion was granted only to increase
wages and not to decrease them
He said all wage reductions stUl
• Continued on Page G, Col. D
Pioneer Slogan
Eastward Ho!'
PHOENIX. Ariz., Aug. 18. iUPi
Eastward ho!
This reversal cf the old frontier
day slogan has come with the end
of the war.
Arizona’s highways are thronged
with war workers, who, finding
themselves suddenly jobless, are re
turning whence they came in early
war days.
State highway patrol ports of en
try on the California border Sat
urday reported an ever-increasing
stream of traffic from the west
coast. Lifting cf gasoline ration
ing was expected to swell it as
more and more war plants close.
Wayside service stations, eating
places and tourist camps put out
of business by wartime travel re
strictions were blossoming into life
Border inspectors near Ehren
berg, Ariz., said 490 cars went
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 3)
New Moves Speed
At Pearl Harbor
One of the nation’s best-kept war
time secrets —why we were unpre
pared at Pearl Harbor —apparently
was headed for the light of day
Saturday in the wake of congrs
sional action to put the facts
finally on the record.
A request by Chairman David I.
Walsh (Democrat), Massachustts,
of the senate naval afafirs com
mittee for the navy’s files on the
disaster is expected to start the
ball rolling on ether a public dis
closure of the armed forces’ own
investigations or a full-scale inquiry
by congress.
Walsh asked Navy Secretary
James V. Forrestal to furnish his
committee with the complete navy
records on Pearl Harbor. Walsh
pointed out that the excuse of
military necessity, accepted during
the war, “cannot be seriously urged
as reason for now keeping the mat
ter secret.”
Chairman Elbert D. Thomas
i Democrat i, Utah, of the senate
military affairs committee also told
reporters congress ought to have
the facts. He said, however, that “if
it’s to be a strictly military court
martial, th services ought to do it.”
(.Continued on Page 6, Column 7>
Manila Peace Meeting
Slated For Monday
As Jap Envoys Leave
U. S. Flier Slain
In Zero Attack
Okinawa, Aug. 18. (UP) —One American was killed
and two wounded Saturday in a running fight between
two photo reconnaissance B-32s and 14 Japanese Zero
fighters over the Tokyo area.
It was the second time in two days that Japanese
lighters had attacked American reconnaissancezplanes ov<-r
the Tokyo area despite the fact that Emptier Hirohito
presumably has ordered his armed forces tot cease opera
tions against the Americans. ' .
Japs Knew About Mission of U. S. Planes
The Japanese, it was plain, knew what they were
When one of the B-32s was hit by a Japanese fighter,
it called out to the companion plane over the intercom
munications radio: “Can you slow down? My number 3
engine is shot out and 1 can’t keep up with you.’’
A Japanese fighter cut in in English and said:
“Yes, please slow down so 1 can catch you and shoot
you down.”
Both the B-32s managed to re
turn to base here but one, com
manded by Lieut. J. R. Andersen,
of Columbus, Im'., and Charlotte.
N. D, was badly holed.
Friday a flight of four B-32
photo reconnaissance planes was
also attacked by Japanese fight
ers. The B-32s .Tiot down two at
tackers while makine their geta
way without casualties although
one plane was badly shot up
The B-32s reported they slict
down two of the Zeroes and prob
ably two more.
The aerial photographer in one
Meat Rationing
Soon to Cease
Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P.
Anderson announced Saturday that
set-asides of beef, veal, and hams,
for government purchase have been
suspended indefinitely.
This move, effective Sunday,
should soon place increased quan
tities of these items on civilian ta
bles. It reinforced predictions that
meat rationing might be ended this
fall if expectant large marketings
of livestock materialize.
Pork loins, shoulders and lard will
continue to be set-aside for gov
ernment buyers for the time being.
Anderson said.
In addition to the now-terminated
set-asides of beef, veal and hams,
the army is reported to have told
WPB Frees Metals
For Civilian Use
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18. (UPi—
The War Production Board Satur
day removed its “dont touch” sign
from a great portion of the nation's
copper, steel, and aluminum output.
In effect, it told industry to dig in
for whatever it needed to make
autos, pots and pans and refrigera
It virtually abolished its control
led materials plan under which cer
tain portions of the production of
those metals were earmarked for
specific war products such as tanks.
Plane sand ships.
The WPB retained, however, cer
tain controls designed to insure
enough of these metals to take care
of remaining military needs and for
small businesses which might other
wise get squeezed out in the scram
This action frees a tremendous
Quantity—but not all—of the three
basic metals needed by industry to
reconvert to peacetime production, i
plane was killed and one member
of the crew was seriously injur«
and another slightly wounded.
The plane got back to base safe
ly with a large hole in its side and
many finall ones in the fuselaa
Several windows were shot out and
there was a hole in the upper tur
Anderson said that his reply to
the Jap fighter was unprintable
"but if he understands English a
well as he speaks it his ears an
still rec.”
Anderson it no longer will need set
asides on lamb, butter and cheese
However, -Anderson refused to con
firm this Saturday.
Warren Studies
Program for
Special Session
Gov. Earl Warren, returning Friday
night from a Washington. D. C .
Governors' Conference on Recon
version, planned to spend the week
end with his family at Santa M n
ica before undertaking a heavy
program next week.
He will confer with leader of
business, agriculture and indu.-dry
regarding what is to be taken up at
a special session of the legislature
which may be called the last part
of September or early in October.
China Red Leader Raps
IL S. for Aid to Chiang
(UP) —Chinese communist
lender Tung Pi-Wu today
sharply criticized the United
States fcr what he called its all
out support for Chiang" policy and
said the danger of civil w.: in
China is “much more serious han
is realized.
He warned that the “whole me"
of Chinese communist forces :rom
Inner Mongolia southward to Hain
an Island may clash with Gener-
alissimo Chiang Kai-shek’s forcesfied China.”
Al le Shima American Plano Awaits
Nips for Flight to Isle Capital;
Will Carry Full Terms to Tokyo
MANILA, Aug IS. (UP)- Japan’s surrender mission
will take off from the enemy homeland at 7 am. Sunday
(t> p.m. EWT Saturday) and the formal conference with
Gen. Douglas MacArthur will open Monday, it was an
nounced Saturday.
A spokesman for MacArthur said that the Japanese
surrender party should arrive at le Shima about 12:20
p.m Sunday (11:20 p.m. EWT) Saturday).
'l'he Japan *se credentials will be examined immediate
ly on the arrival of the party at le Shima. The Japanese
will then be transferred to an American plane for the flight
to Manila.
The flight to Manila, it was explained, will require
about six hours, making the probable arrival time in the
Philippines early in the evening.
Russians Order
Jap Surrender
Envoy to Report
LONDON. Aug. 18. <UP' A Ja
panese surrender envoy was enroute
to the Red Army headquarters in
Siberia Saturday and the capitula
tion cf Japan's defiant Kwantun
army appeared imminent.
The official Russian KHABAR
OVSK rat io announced the Kwan
tung army’s peace move Saturday
morning, 10 days after the Soviet,
sent their three Far Eastern armies
crashing across the Siberian fron
tier into Manchuria and Korea.
Marshal Alexander M. Vasilevsky.
Soviet army commander in the Far
East, was revealed to have sent
Russian plane: to Harbin. Man
churia, to bring back the Japanese
army’s chief of staff for a personal
interview at his headquarters.
The KHABAROVSK announce
ment said Vasilevsky’s envoys land
ed on the Harbin airfield at 7:30
pm. Saturday (6:30 am EWT'.
It said Vasilevsky had ordered
the Japanese to have their chief of
staff, Lieutenant General Hata, at
Soviet headquarters “not later than
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 1)
6800 Internees
Freed by Japs
LONDON, Aug. 18. <UP» The
Japanese have released 6300 Ameri
can. British and Dutch civilian in
ternees from prison camps in
Shanghai, the British foreign office
disclosed Saturday.
A message received in London
from the Swiss charge d’affaires in
Shanghai said the internees were
freed last Wednesday. The Swiss
official said he had recommended,
however, that they remain in the
“if the pclitical situation is not sat
isfactorily settit d.
Tung was the only Chinese com
munist in China’s delegation to the
San Francisco world security con
He said in an interview that the
U. S. must help avert civil war in
China. One of the first steps, he
said, wou>d be the adoption of a
"clear cut” policy’ to “encourage a
democratic Chinese government.”
He asserted that current U. S.
policy was “developing Gentralis
simo Chiang Kai-shek, not a uni-
El Centro Business Barometer
(Total Cash, Checks and Drafts Sent
Through the Two Fl Centro Banks,
Friday $865,235.07
Last Year 5.98
A headquarters spokesman .aid
that the surrender party hould
reach Manila "about dusk ’ He
said that the type ol planes carry
ing the Japanese party could not
bring more than tom- passt ngers
each in addition to the crew.
At the same time, an Okinawa
dispatch reported that American
occupation forces ware preparing
to move into Japan with complete
combat equipment, ready for any
eventuality.” A Tokyo broadcast
said the occupation troops were ex
pected "soon."
Japanese general headquarters
notilied Gen. Douglas MacArthur,
supreme occupation commander,
that the neaie mi:.ion would fly,
as requested by him. in two unarm
ed. twin-engined, single-wing at
tack plan's with the assigned white
and green markings. .
The mission, headed by an au
thorized representative of the Ja
panese emperor, government and
general headquarters, will receive
what MacArthur has called "cer
tain requirements for carrying in
to effect the terms of the surren
der” to take back to Tokyo.
The Japanese message number 10
of a . cries directed to MacArthur—
said the planes would take off,
weather permitting, from Kisarazu
airdrome at 7 am. Sunday Tokyo
time, pass over Sat.a Misaki cn the
southern tip of Kyushu at 11 am.
and arrive at the American air base
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 2)
internment camps pending the ar
rival of Allied troops, because of the
lack of other accommodations in
Of the Shanghai internees, 650
are American civilians, 6000 are
British and 150 Dutch, he British
Empire group includes 230 Aus
tralians, 175 Canadians and 40,
New Zealahders.
The Swiss communication did not
disclose the physical condition of
the internees.
CHUNGKING. Aug. 18. (UP>
Mao Tze-Tung, Chinese communist
lea ier. demanded a showdown on
th' rights of communist troops Sat
urday before acting on Generalis
simo Chiang Kai-shek’s invitation
to a personal conference to settle
China’s internal critis.
Mao made known his stand in a
telegram to Chiang as the General
issimo’s underground took over
control of the former communist
stronghold cf Peiping and Chung
king troops prepared to march into
Canton tomorrow to disarm Japa
nese troops.

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