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Imperial Valley press. (El Centro, Calif.) 1907-current, August 21, 1945, Image 1

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Maximum Monday 107, minimum
Tuesday 76; 5 a.m. Tuesday 82.
humidity 61; noon Tuesday 105,
humidity 34; 5 p.m. Monday 105.
humidity 23.
Monday $509,869.63
Last year 621,955.11
VOL. XL! 11, No. 212
County Shapes
Funds For
Post-War Plans
Supervisors Set 1945-46 Tax Rate
At $2.37, Increase of 22 Cents;
Authorize New Planning Commission
Imp rial county taxpayers will pay 22 cents more per
hundred dollar valuation than they did last year. But they
will be ready to share in the state's postwar reconstruction
plans with the creation of the office of county engineer as
a result of the hoard of supervisor’s action in fixing the
budg t Monday and setting the tax rate at .$2.37 on an
assessed valuation of $-12,218,298.
The rate will yield a total of sl.-
The hoard .ns rusted District At
torney C <. Halliday to draw up an
ordinance creating a county plan
ning commission. one member of
wl’-li will he a count' engineer
Salary of the engineer was brack
eted between S4OOO and S7OOO yearly
with a total of SIO,OOO added to the
budget for c.i. maintenance and
operating expenses.
Already $759/00 in state funds
which does not have to be matched
These Pesky Mistakes >
Earl lavanah, newest addition to
the •county hoard of supervisors. !
and upj osedlv the man to look af
ter <’.< r vi, o s interest in county
affairs found himself in an em
barra.ssing position Monday when
the board met and through some
clerj< al error in I/>s Angeles his
bend read that he was represent
ing the right people
Whv not naii both iob: ’?
Ease Ip, Mark/
Captain M irk HebiT« thawite who
wa < piloting the program as Toast
mater at the Toastmasters club
Monday nigh' went all-out to es
tablish an ah i for hi list of
speakers apok gizing for their lack
of preparation he'-mr" he hat been
tor, doggone bttsv to tell them ahead
of time He did a good job. too.
of establishing an alibi for him
self by blaming traffic accident.',
due to lifting of gas rationing,
which kept tlic Highway Patrol on
the tump. Mark captains the pa
And then tip ame the speakers
with about as fine a job of oratory
as ’hr club members ever have
heatd And Mark face got rccder
an 1 redder
The me ■ ur,kindest cut of all
i ’>■ at the end of the program
wi*» ii i••'<1;; C’harleton whose kb
'l as to criticize, the speakers arose,
and quoth he. Cap. 1 want to con
gratulate your speakers for a tine
program in .pitc of the Toastmas
Mark s Parthian shot sounder Ilk"
an atomic h< nib.
Industry Gets 'Go' Signal
On Civilian Production
(IP) American industry
iv;< free Tu *sflay Io resume
unlimited production of ra
■ ‘o-. refrigerators. washing ma
chine- and other household stand
bys which disappeared from retail
•on', during the war
Bit it was honor-bound t< make
en "igh of these items at prices
within the roach of low income
as well as those of great
er means Tf it fails, the war pro
duction board is ready to crack
Truman Removes
Overtime Ban
President Truman Tuesday revoked
the three-year-old executive order
restricting the payment of overtime
for work on Saturdays, Sundays and
The order, issued by the late
Fresident Roosevelt in September.
1942. was the first wartime control
imposed on wages.
One effect of the revocation will
be to put. back into operation scores
of collective bargaining contracts
Complete World-Wide News from United Press Leased Wire Service, Entire NEA Features, with Valley News by the Largest Editorial Staff in Southeastern
California. The Only Local Daily Newpaper Serving El Centro, Calexico, Holtville, Imperial, Brawley, Seeley and Heber.
by the county, has Deen allocated
for roads and highways in Imperial
county, but without definite plans
for its use drawn up by a planning
commission and engineer the
county’s chances of getting any of
the money are remote. B. M. Gra
ham said after consulting with offi
cials in Sacramento.
The board also boosted the bud
get $2300 in the advertising fund to
bring in tourist trade and additional
industries Tne fund is civided
between board of trade leaflets.
SIOOO for the All-Year chib of
Southern California, and SSOO for
furniture and fixtures for the
county building at the Fairgrounds
which houses the Pioneer Museum.
The increased rate for the fiscal
year ending June 30. 1946. combined
wi'h the increased valuation of $2.-
064.372 jjver last year, covers not
only postwar reconstruction plans
but the general increase in the cost
of operating the county.
The new $2.37 rate, allowing for
the usual added five per cent to
'Continued on Page 6, Col. 1>
President Ends
(UP) Pr/sident Truman
has ordered an immediate
halt in the United States'
multi-billjon dollar lend
lease program, the White
House announced Tuesday.
All of the United'Nations receiv
ing lend-lcase aid were notified by
mail of the program s halt Monday
and Tuesday. Charles C. Ross,
presidential press secretary, dis
closed Tuesday.
The lend-lease program, initiated
in 1940 as a defense measure and
continued as an instrument, of war
after the United States entered the
conflict, has cost this country about,
The President ordered Foreign
Economic Administrator Leo T
Crowley to cancel all outstanding
contracts for lend-lease" except
when Al’ied governments are will-
Tn the. greatest tingle action to
stimulate and facilitate industrial
reconversion, the WPB Moncay
night dropped 210 of its individ
ual controls over industry. This
sweeping move lifted the limita
tions on radios. refrigerators,
trucks, stoves, electric fans, mo
torcycles. storage batteries, oil
burning equipment and many other
articles which consumers cculd
only dream about during the war.
The restriction on the number
of automobiles that may be pro
cured this year will be removed
within the next few days as will
which provide that employes shall
be paid time and a half or double
time rates for working on Satur
days. Sundays and holidays.
The United Automobile Workers
• CIO' and many of the American
Federation of Labor craft unions
hold such contracts.
For these w'orkers. Tuesday's ac
tion will mean stabilizating their
take-home pay, which otherwise
would be reduced by loss of the
longer work week and overtime.
Manila Becomes Keytothe Pacific
Assembled in Manila harbor are hundreds of navy craft of all descriptions. They were rounded up there
awaiting the invasion of the Jap homeland. Now M inila becomes the occupational, key harbor. It is the
largest and most vital of bases in the Pacific.
Yanks Rescue Four
Of Doolittle's
Tokyo Bomb Crew
CHUNGKING, .Aug, 21. 'UP'
Four members of Lt. Gen. James
H. Doolittle’s Tokyo raiders have
been liberated by American para
troopers dropped at Peiping, it was
revealed Tuesday, but several,other
paratroop resru? 1 bperafions’ encoun
tered Japanese or Russian objec
The Doolittle airmen were among
'Continued on Page 6. Col 4i
ing to make payments or where it
is in the interests of the United
States to complete them."
The White House statement said
Mr. Truman also authorized Crow
ley to negotiate with lend-lease cus
tomers for the sale to them of lend
lease supplies now stock-piled in
foreign countries or on route abroad
The stock-piles abroad total be
tween $1,000,000,000 and $1,500,000.-
000, the White Hous? said. Another
$2.000.0c0.000 worth of lendAease
contracts for non-munitions and
finished goods are uncompleted, the
White House added.
Letters notifying foreign govern
ments of the halt in lend-lease were
mailed by the Foreign Economic
Administration to foreign embassies
and missions here, Ross said. Most
governments, therefore, were noti
fied of the move Monday afternoon
or Tuesday morning, he said.
The halt in lend-lease shipments
became effective for each country
Continued on Page 6. Col. 2)
other remaining WPB controls. The
question which is holding up the
announcement on automobiles is
whether the new cars should be de
livered with or without spare tires.
Previously, WPB set a quota of
250.0C0 automobiles for the last
half of this year but from now on
the : ky's the limit for auto makers.
In announcing the WPB action.
Production Chief J. A. Krug re
vealed that the consumer durable
goods industry had agreed to pro
duce the same proportion of low
cost merchandise as it did prior
to the war.
Among the consumer items on
which the lid was lifted, seme of
them immediately effective and
some effective on Aug. 31 and Sept.
.80. were matches, a long list of
chemicals including vitamin A and
cellophane: caskets, dry cell bat
teries. films, paper cups, copper,
asbestos, platinum, silver, wax pa
per. electric equipment, rubber pro
cessing machinery, dental equip
ment. pig iron, silk, sanitary nap
kins. cotton duck, leathers, slab
zinc, lead and tin scrap, machine
tools and cattle tail and horse mane
The lifting of the limitation on
various types cf leather will mean
sharply increased shoe production
and foreshadows an early end of
shoe rationing, according to WPB
Japan Cancels
Defense Rules
Graham Selected
As Chairman
Of Supervisors
B. M. Graham. Brawley super
visor. was elected permanent chair
man of the county board of super
visors at the meeting Monday, with
Earl Cavanah, whore recent ap
pointment was announced by Gov
ernor Warren, still not qualified to
vote because of a clerical error on
his bond.
The supervisors were shown plans
for a fire protection system for the
entire county hospital, and instruct
ed Adolph koebig, structural engi
neer. to include the system in plans
for the new tuberculosis building.
After heated discussion in which
District Attorney C. G. Halliday
said the fee was “far out of line
with other contracts entered into
by 'he county," the board author
ized the district attorney to draw
up a contract with Koebig. follow
ing the form usee by the national
engineers under which Koebig re
ceives 10 per cent of the gross
construction cost, estimated now at
SBS 640 for the building.
Further plans for the war me
morial in the park north of the
courthouse were discussed, and
specifications for sidewalks and
curbs will be changed to use the
present curbs, eliminating the need
to conform with state specifica
tions. The board passed a resolu
tion expressing appreciation to A. J.
Bowles and Ben Christian who
drew up the sidewalk plans and
R. P. Ostrander, veterans’ service
officer, was instructed to go to Sac
ramento Thursday to investigate the
state's offer to subsidize service of
ficers’ salaries to the extent of $75
The board also: voted county of
ficers’ bonds to remain at the same
figure as last year, authorized pur
chase of a new hose for the county
fire truck, and referred to the wel
fare department the question of
establishing residence of four Jap
anese evacuees, certified to leave
an internee camp
Coroner Probes
Traffic Accident
Four persons met their death in
“an accident between a car and a
bus" a coroner’s jury found Tues
day after an inquest into the acci
dent near Plaster City Sunday night
which brought Imperial County’s
traffic fatalities for the year up to
34. nine higher than at the same
time last year.
None of the eight injured who
were taken to the El Centro hospi
t •’ or the county hospital had been
relea -ec Tuesday. Two others were
treated at home and two at the
marine base hospital.
The accident cccured when a car
hit a crowd of bus passengers
standing in the highway watching
a bus tire being changed.
21. (UP) —Japanese air de
fens e measures, including
the blackout, “light control
and sound control will be removed
elective at midnight Tuesday," an
imperial defense announcement
broadcast by radio Tokyo raic.
“As a result of the decision na
tional life will be restored to nor
mal as far as air defense is con
cerned." Tokyo said in a broadcast
recorded by United Press.
The broadcast praised “gallant
activities of those engaged in air
defense works who defended the
land against air raids at the risk of
their own lives as well as the gen
eral public, w’ho also battled air
raids courageously."
Presumably lifting of the air de
fense precautions was to pave the
way for early anticipated landings
by American airborne troops on the
soil of Japan.
Earlier Tokyo broadcasts recorded
by United Press said the govern
ment had authorized retooling of
Japanese national economy and
governmental controls to fit the
coming peace.
A finance ministry office charged
with formulating post war finance
plans began to function today, the
broadcasts said. Purposes are to:
1. Reorganize government institu
tions. 2. Formulate provisional
measures for control and disposal of
army and navy property. 3. Advise
on debts guaranteed by government.
4. Revise policies of economic con
trol. 5. Dispose of special Japanese
corporations abroad. 6. Continue
banking. 7. Advise on monetary
questions pertaining t.n occupational
army, and 8. Settle reparations.
Father and Son
Injured in
Traffic Accident
Ernest Ulrich. 32. Imperial, and
his father. Fred Ulrich, 65. were
injured critically in an automobile
accident 28 miles west of El Centro
at 2:30 am. Tuesday when the
sedan the younger Ulirch was driv
ing east ran into the rear of a
truck and trailer driven by Max J.
Lianas. 48. El Centro, according to
highway patrol officers.
The Ulrich car drove clear under
the truck A cutting torch was re
quired to remove the injured pair.
The county ambulance took both
men to El Centro hospital.
Fight Participant
Goes to Hospital
B. E. Buchanan was taken to
the county hospital for treatment
of cuts and bruises suffered Mon
day night in a fight with Staff
Sgt. V. E. Painter of MAG 35. ma
rine base. The fight occurred in
the Victory Cafe.
The navy announced Monday it is
terminating $1,500,000,000 of its $2.-
600,000,000 worth of ordnance con
The Bureau of Ordnance holds
approximately 3800 contracts for
ammunition, guns and turrets.
State's Jobless
Set at 300,000
Before November
War Contract Slashes
Increases Number
On State Payment Roll
(UP)—About 300,000 per
sons will be laid off by war
plants in California by the
end cf November because of con
tract cancellations. James G. Bry
ant. chairman of the state em
ployment stabilization commission,
estimated Tuesday.
Anc, by December about 325.000
persons in the Gate may be draw
ing unemployment benefits, he
said. That’s about three times the
highest pre-war figure, but on a
percentage basis it doesn’t loom so
large because of the great growth
of the state’s labcr force during the
A majority of those getting bene
fits may not be the former war
workers. Bryant believes a "squeez
ing" process will go on in which
younger and skilled workers from
war plants will displace older and
unskilled workers in civilian indus
About 200.000 of the war workers
facing loss of their present jobs are
in the Los Angeles area. Bryant
sate, compared to 100.000 for the
remainder of the state. He said he
believed future layoffs in San Dkgo
would be comparatively light be
cause large scale cut-backs al
ready have occurred there. No im
mediate large scale layoffs ar? ex
pected in the San Francisco area,
he said, and ether jobs are avail
able for those who are dischargee’.
Claims for unemployment insur
ance have failed as yet to reflect war
plant layoffs. Bryant said, rising lit
tle so far over the 25.000 mark reg
istered in the first week of this
month. However, he estimated that
40.000 persons were laid off by Fri
day of last week in the Los Angeles
Although he urged laid off werk
ers to file claims promptly. Bryant
'Continued on Page 6. Column 7>
Tokyo Pictures
Bomb's Havoc
21. (UP) —Radio Tokyo said
Tuesday that the second
Atomic bomb dropped on .la
uan turned Nagasaki into a desert
of rubble anc even crushed farm
houses 10 miles distant.
A photograph of the center nf the
city published in the Tokyo news
paper, Mainichi, shows nothing but
rubble “as far as the eyes could
see." the enemy broadcast said.
A second picture was said to re
veal "the tragic scene 10 miles
away, where farm houses are either
crushed down or the roofs torn
The bomb was dropped on Naga
saki, arsenal and naval base city on
western Kyushu, by a single Super
fortress August 9. Tokyo time, three
days after the first atomic bomb
fell on Hiroshima.
Tokyo said a photographer who
rushed to Nagasaki immediately
after the raid found it a 'dead
De Gaulle To Press Claim
For Reparations at Meet
(UP) Gen. Charles de
Gaulle arrives here Wednes
day for a conference with
President Truman at which he is
Reds Still Defy
Chiang's Orders
CHUNGKING. Aug. 21. 'UP'
Chinese Communist sources said
Tuesday their forces were taking
over Japanese-held areas of eastern
China on all sides of Nanking, in
defiance of a hands-off order from
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
The Communist New China news'
agency broadcast a dispatch from
Yenan asserting that Communist
troops captured Yangchung, an im
portant Yangtze river town 60 miles
east of Nanking. Other Communist
troops were said to have fought
into the Yangtze market city of
(Five Cents Pci Copy) PHONE 300, THE POST-PRESS
Hirohito Orders
All Military
Units From Tokyo
Nip Leaders Fear Clashes When First
Of Occupational Forces Arrive;
Terms Draw Resentment, Reports Say
MANILA. Aug. 21. (UP)—Japan announced Tues
day that the American occupation of her horn'land would
begin Sunday when airborne forces will land in the Tokyo
area. Japanese officials ordered military personnel out
ol the occupation area in an apparent effort to minimize
the danger of friction.
Th? Japanese high command revealed that the air
borne occupation forces would be followed two days later
by American naval forces, landing at Yokosuka at the
entrance to Tokyo bay.
Withdrawal of Japanese army and
navy forces from the occupation
area.- was ordered after Tokyo prop
aganda broadcasts had expressed
fear that some “hot-beaded" Jap
anese army men might attempt to
battle the occupation troops despite
Emperor Hirohito’s surrender or
The Japanese High Command
sought to reassure the Japanese
public which apparently feared that
the occupation areas might be
turned into battle zones. It also
ordered "non - fraternization" and
said that there would be no direct I
contact between the Allied troops
and the general public.
"We emphasize this point," a
joint statement of the high com
mand and government said.
The first American troops will
land at .Atsuki. just southwest: of
Tokyo, the Japanese announcement
"The imperial army and navy
forces 'including their respective air
forces' in Kanagawa prefecture and
in the southwestern area of Boso
peninsula will be transferred imme
diately," the announcement said.
Police and gendarmes are to be
sent to maintain order in the area
“All areas literally were razed to
the groun’d." the photographer said
“Only a few buildings are left,
standing conspicuously from the
ashes. The steel framework of a
factory was hurled down by the ter
rific blast of the bomb
"The toll of the population was
great, and even the few survivors
have not escaped some kind of in
The enemy broadcast was report
ed by the FCC.
Another broadcast said the "ter
rific whit" heat” of the bomb blast
burned many inhabitants of Naga
saki to death.
“The exposed portions of their
bodies were burned pitch black.”
the broadcast said. "Even those who
were far from the scene of the
atomic bomb suffered scalds on ex
posed parts of the bodies.
“Many persons w’ho saw the flash
of the bomb explosion found
themselves unable to see on the next
day because of injuries to their
expected to press France’s claims
for "Big Five" status and ask
American support of France’s de
mand for $60,000.000.000 reparations
from Germany and Italy.
De Gaulle and his foreign min-
Wuhu. 90 miles up the river from
Nanking, where they ran into stiff
opposition from the Japanese gar
The Communist forces also were
reported fighting along a 200-mile
stretch of the Tientsin-Pukow rail
way north of Nanking and along
the shores of Hangchow bay to the
Chungking troops, meanwhile,
w-ere disclosed officially to have
taken over large Japanese-held
areas in Honan and Shansi prov
inces. some 500 miles in the in
That rice and by-products
from this crop last year
added to the Valley’s soil
output to the amount
Of 5400,000?
from which the military has been
Th' public was barred from use of
railroads in the affected area be
cause all rail facilities will be re
quired for the troop movement
Anyone who ordinarily uses trains
to ride to work was instructed to
stay at home while the movement is
being carried out.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur, supreme
Allied occupation commander, an
nounced Monday that he would
"proceed to Japan” within 10 days
with ground, air and naval units to
receive Japan’s surrender Whethei
he personally would travel bv plane
or warship was not announced
It was possible that the Japanese
announcement was based on the re
port of Japanese emissaries tn the
J-w>anese government y»nd imperial
gwidrai Staff allet receiving Sur
render orders from MacArthur’s
staff in Manila yesterday.
Japan notified MacArthur by ra
dio that Lt. Gen Torashiro K.<-
wabe. vice-chief of the imperial
general staff and chief of the sur
render mission, had landed at To
kyo at 8:30 a m. Tuesday <7:30 pin
Monday. EWT I after a flight from
Manila by way of le island.
A joint announcement by Jap
anese imperial headquarters and
the Japanese government said the
mission had met with Allied dele
gates at Manila "in order to carry
'Continued on Page 6, Col. 3'
Jap Surrender
Unit Arrives
At China Field
The Chinese central news 'agency
reported that a Japanese surrender
delegation arrived at the Chihkiang
airfield at 11:20 am
The Japanese relegation was
headed by General Kiyoshi, deputy
chief of staff to Gen. Yasuji Ok
amura, the Japanese c< mmander tn
Okamura is expected at Chihk
iang Thursday to sign the surrender
The British military mission re
ported that British naval units are
now enroute to Hong Kong to, ac
cept the Japanese surrender there.
Th" Japanese were reported to
have signed a separate surrender at
Amcv with the local Chinese com
mander who took over the port city.
ister. George Bidauit. will bring
with them the official document by
which France ratifies the United
Nation. 1 ) charter.
This delivery by hand of France’s
approval of the San Francisco char
ter was expected in French circles
to lend weight to France's insist
ence on equal status with the United
States. Britain. Russia and China
in the settlement of v orld affairs,
including negotiations .or the capit
ulation of Japan.
De Gaulle also is expected to ex
plain France's delay in acceptance
of the Potsdam plan, which the Big
Three asked her to approve and ad
here to. The proposed reparations
distribution, highly unfavorable to
France in comparison with the Big
Three, and her failure to obtain
control of the Ruhr and the whole
of the western bank of the Rhine
from Switzerland to Holland are be
lieved to be the main reasons for
France's failure so far to accept the
Potsdam decisions.
France fee’. - , she was not given a
voice in a problem which concerns
her more than any other western
power. She wanted to be invited
to Potsdam but received no bid.

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