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Imperial Valley press. (El Centro, Calif.) 1907-current, August 28, 1945, Image 1

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Maximum Monday I(M>. minimum
Tuesday 09; 5 a.m. Tuesday 78, hu
midity 39; noon Tuesday 95, humid
ity 24; 5 p.m. Mon. 103. humid. 22.
Monday 5001.915.49
Last Year 8440,387.17
VOL. XLIII, No. 247
25 Names Listed
By Four-Power
Group in London
LONDON, Aug. 28. (UR).'
The four-power represent
atives in London have draft
d indictments against the
Major European war crim
inals and in the next two or three
days will announce the names of
perhaps 25 top Nazi leaders sched
uled to go on trial for their lives
in Nuernberg.
Ihe United Press learned that
the list of major war criminals will
he made public this week in sim
ultaneous announcements from
Washington. London. Paris and
That step will fulfill the' first
directive by the Big Tiiree at Pots
dam t ailing for issuance of the first
list of war criminals before Sep
tember 1.
Informed observers in London be
lieved the initial roster would not
include more than 25 names. It
was taken for granted that it would
contain the names of such notorious
figures as Hermann Goering. Joa
chim von Ribbentrop. Julius.
Streicher Franz von Papen. high
members of the German general
.faff. and possibly some of the in
dustrialists who backed Hitler’s
Nazi regime.
An American spokesman for the
War Crimes commission said the
• Continued on Page 6. Col. 4>
Oh. To Be \ Child!
One d;iy last week—well, why not
admit it was the meanest, hottest
day this whole summer—El Cen
trans who had to be outside and
away from the desert coolers or air
conditioned rooms had a refresh
ing experience on Main street. They
stopped singly and in bunches, look
ed uniled and forgot their misery
tor a moment, then turned away
with longing expressions on their
The attraction was a group of
care-free, talking Senoras, Senori
t.i and a few tots skipping along
all unmindful of the heat. One of
the women was carrying a baby of
six months or so of age Nothing
fringe about that, but el infante
was without a stitch of clothing.
Ann the little rascal was cooing
and ‘iniling. not caring a whit
about being carried upside-down.
Ail Sorts of Tactics—
As a habitual luncher at drug
store coun’ers HR is always inter
ested in what the other people are
eating and why But this one or
dered hv i young woman Tuesday
proved the most intriguing so far
when a bowl of very, very, hot to
mato oup shared the spotlight with
a g! i\s of very, very- cold oysters
Yank Prisoners In Japan
Get Supplies From B-29s
GUAM. Aur. 28. (UP)
A fleet of 125 Superforts
dropped more than 875.000
pounds of food, clothing and
Army Maps Cut
To 2.500.000
The Army plans to cut its present
strength of 8.050.000 to 2.500.000 by
next July 1. the house military af
fairs committee was told Tuesday.
Maj. Gen. I. W. Edwards, assist
ant chief of staff cf the Army’s
planning division, gave additional
details of Army plans for the re
lease of men as the committee met
to consider President Truman's re
quest for continued two-year drafts
of men 18 through 25.
Edwards said that men still are
being sent into the Pacific at the
request of Gen. Douglas MacArthur.
This includes some tinits that have
Complete World-Wide News from United Press Leased Wire Service, Entire NE A Features, with Valley News by the Largest Editorial Staff in Southeastern
California. The Only Local Daily Ncwpaper Serving El Centro, Calexico, Holtville, Imperial, Rraurtey, Seeley and Heber.
WPB Aid Views
End of Bans
Only Emergency Priorities Issued
On Construction, Visitor Says
Breaking of bottlenecks
peacetime production and
job of the War Production
*42 Cost Level
Set for Hew
Auto Production
The government told Americans
Tuesday that “reconversion" autos
probably won't cost any more than
1912 models.
They may even cost a little less.
Auto manufacturers formerly were
permitted to add certain special
charges to their 1942 prices to cover
added costs due to rationing. These
special charges won't be allowed
under the Office of Price Admin
istration's new price formula for
cars made during the reconversion
The formula was announced Mon
day night by OPA Chief Chester
Bowles. It provides for auto mak
ers to compete thei rown price ceil
ings on the basis of their 1941 cost
of production plus wartime increases
in labor and material costs plus “a
normal peacetime margin of profit.”
The profit may be either the
manufacturer's own 1936-39 profit or
one-half the auto industry's aver
age for that period, whichever is
Bowles did not guarantee that H.e
new prices would represent no ad
vance over 1942 car prices but said
it seemed "most unlikely” that they
He said if application of the OPA
formula to manufacturers entitled
them to increased ceiling prices "of
course they will be granted."
The policy of allowing manufac
turers to add increased costs to
their prices and have sellers absorb
the extra costs where possible is
'Continued on Page 6, Col. It
Japs Make Ready
To Quit Singapore
RANGOON. Aug. 28 <UP»—Pav
ing the way toward a rapid Allied
entry into Singapore. Japanese sur
render envoys signed preliminary
peace agreements for Southeast
Asia at 11 am. uesday in the
brilliantly lighted grand ballroom
of Government House.
'The BBC. monitored by the
NBC in New York, reported Mon
day night that, the British East
Indies fleet, led by H. M. S Nel
son. already was steaming toward
the Straits of Malacca for the
British navy’s triumphal reentry
into Singapore.'
Actual surrender of Japan's
Southeast Asia forcer to Mount
batten by Count Terauchi will take
place in Singapore at a date to be
'irod. it was announced.
Capt. F S. Habecker. deputy sig
nals officer of the Southeast Asia
command, represented the United
States at the ceremony.
medical supplies—including canned
beer—into 60 Allied prisoner of war
camps on Honshu and Kyushu late
Tuesday afternoon the 20th air-
seen combat service in Europe, he
"We had requirements to send
those men over,” Edwards said. "We
had to have units that would be
ready to fight when they got there.”
He compared the occupation of
1 the Japanese homeland to an inva
sion and reminded the committee
that Japan still has 1.500,000 sol
diers under arms in her'homeland.
“We are going into a hostile coun
try.”l Edwards said. “We don't know
what the situation is.”
He told the committee the United
States now has 1.500,000 troops in
i the Pacific.
that hamper reconversion to
employment is now the chief
Board, John Young, manager
of the WPB for San Diego and
Imperial counties, said in a visit j
to El Centro Tuesday.
Young is in the valley to explain
the changes in the WPB system
and aid in reconversion. He is mak
ing his headquarters at the Agri
cultural Adjustment Administration
office on State street. He expects
to return to San Diego early Wed
"No emergency priorities have
been issued since August 20,' ,
Younz said, "and the WPB has re
voked the majority of outstanding
orders so as not to hinder recon
version. By September 3C all prior
ities will have disappeared except
one for military and one for civilian
production, the latter being issued
only in extreme emergency."
Manufacturers may now start any
civilian production they wish and
are on their own to get the mater
ials, Young explained. There are
still a few restrictions on such ex
tra-scarce items as rubber, tin, tex
tiles, leather and lumber, however.
■Only remaining civilian priority
will be issued in cases where a
scarce item is unobtainable and
absolutely necessary,” Young said.
Tn that case the manufacturer or
builder must submit a list of sup
pliers from whom he has attempted
to get the item or material to prove
. he has mace the effort himself.”
This prioritv will he issued-sso’y
in case of extreme emergency, he
Citing Order L-41, which limits
construction as typical of the con
trols retained by the WPB, Young
said the limits are SIOOO for resi
dential building; SSOOO for commer
cial; SIO,OOO for churches, schools
and institutions; and no limit on
36 Jap Leaders
End Own Lives
—Thirty-six members of "ultra-pa
triotic" societies have committed
suicide since Aug. 15, Radio Tokyo
said Tuesday.
A Dome! broadcast recorded by'
United Press said the total includ
ed 10 members of the "Sonjo Doshi
kai" and “Okusci Domei”. who com
mitted ceremonial hara-kiri.
No mention was made, however.
•of earlier Tokyo reports of mass
hara kiri in front of the Imperial
"A total of 36 members of various
ultra patriotic organizations are
known to have committed suicide
since Aug. 15 when Japan announc
ed acceptance of the Potsdam dec
laration," the broadcast said.
Meanwhile. Domei revealed that
party leaders in the diet’s house' of
representatives met Tuesday to dis
-1 cuss the forthcoming diet session,
which formally will open Sept. 4
three days after it is scheduled to
force announced.
Officials estimated that some 20,-
000 prisoners were held in the "tar
get" camps, w-hose populations
ranged between 19 and 1000.
Ironically, the Superforts in their
second mercy mission of the week
returned to scenes of their most
devastating wartime bombing op
Fifty-gallon oil drums were par
achuted into 11 camps in the Tokyo
area. 12 near Fukuoka, nine in the
Kobe-Osaka area, eight around Sen
dai and six near Hiroshima—the
latter blasted only a little more
than three weeks ago with the first
atomic bomb.
Each of the gleaming B-29s car
ried 7000 pounds of supplies. Some
of the camps required only half
a load. In the oil drums were soup,
cocoa. C and K rations, fruit, can
dy. vitamin tablets, shoe laces sew
ing kits, khaki uniforms, soap,
toothpaste, razor blades and other
toilet articles.
Also included in the drop to each
camp were enough medical supplies
1 to last 1200 men 30 days.
'Continued on Page 6, Col. 4»
Loan to Elliott
Okehed by FDR,
Hartford Asserts
Jesse Jones Testifies
That Elder Roosevelt
Asked Him to “Settle”
(UP) —The house ways and
means committee will devote
its next session on Elliott
Roosevelt’s loan transac
tions to studying the testi
mony of Elliott himself.
It spent three hours Monday i
reading testimony about a S2OOXOO
loan made to Roosevelt in 1939 by-
John A. Hartford, president of the
Atlantic <y Pacific Tea company. It
read depositions from Hartford. A
& P Counsel Robert Ewing and'
former Commerce Secretary Jesse :
Jones who settled the loan for S4OOO
Committee members said the tes
timony showed that the late Presi
dent Roosevelt had approved the
loan and later had asked Jones to
try to settle it.
The committee adjourned with
out setting a date for resuming con
sideration of the case. Chairman
Robert L. Doughton <D.> North
Carolina, said he did not know
when the reports prepared by treas
ury investigators would be made
public. The committee asked the
treasury last June to Investigate to’
determine whether Hartford was
justified in claiming a tax deduc
tion for his $195,000 loss as a bad
debt. Elliott had borrowed the
money for his Texas radio chain.
One committee member said
Hartford’s testimony asserted that
the late Rep. William Slrovich < D.>
N. Y., had arranged the confer-
(Continued on Page 6. Col. 8'
McQuade Resumes
Command of
E. C. Marine Base
The first commander of the El
Centro Marine Corps Air Station, i
Colonel T. J. McQuade resumed
command of the base Tuesday morn
ing. succeeding Lieutenant-Colonel
Theodore Sanford, Jr.
Colonel McQuade was first named
to head the station in July, 1942,
serving until December. 1943, when
he went overseas with a marine
transport group.
He was commander of the air
transport group for 17 months,
while based on Guam, from where
he flew to other Pacific islands
He returned to El Centro station
June 1 to take command of MAG 42.
Succeeding Colonel McQuade
when he went overseas was Lt. Col.
Karl F. Voelter, who was followed
by Lt. Col. Hugh C. Brewster. On
Col. Brewster's retirement this
month Lt. Col. Sanford was named
commanding officer of the station.
Col. Sanford will return to his for
mer position of executive officer.
Colonel McQuade was commis
sioned a second lieutenant in the
marines in 1924 and joined the air
branch in ig’S. He served tours
of duty in Nicaraugua and Cuba.
Mrs. McQuade and their two
children. Jock and Patricia Ann,
have made their home in El Cen
tro since Colonel McQuade was first
assigned to the El Centro station
' and remained here while he was
Death Summons
Mrs. W. G. Foss
Mrs. William G. Foss, 33. died at
5 am. Tuesday in the El Centro
hospital of mesenteric thrombosis.
She had been taken to the hospital
early Monday after becoming ill
Sunday night. The unusual mala
dy formed a blood clot in an artery,
according to her physician.
The former Margaret Nelson. Mrs.
Foss is survived in addition to her
husband, by two sons, Tommy, 8,
and Dickie. 5. She also is survived
by three sisters. Mrs. Charles Wat
kins. Mrs. Frank Hill and Mrs. Nick
: Druhack all of Los Angeles. Mr.
and Mrs. Druhack arrived in El
Centro Monday when they learned
of Mrs. Foss’ illness.
Mrs. Foss lived in Los Angeles
and attended schools in Santa Bar
bara. She was married in 1934. and
came to the valley with her hus
band in 1938 <when Mr. Foss be
came associated in business with
his father. J. D. Foss.
She was prominent in social cir
cles and club activities in El Centro.
Funeral services will be conduct
ed at 10:30 am. Thursday at the
Lemons-Wiley Chapel. Burial will
be in Evergreen cemetery.
48 Planes Carry Crew
For Headquarters;
Ships Enter Tokyo Bay
Three Fleets Set
To Watch Japs
GUAM, Aug. 23. <UP> The
United States Third Fleet will be
augmented by the United States
Fifth anc Seventh Fleets and the
North Pacific Force for the occupa
tion of Japan and formerly held
Japanese territory. Fleet Admiral
Chester W. Nimitz announced Tues
The announcement revealed that
Navy Discloses
Murder of U. S.
Airman on Palau
GUAM. Aug. 28. <UP> —Bypassed
Japanese in the Palau islands Tues
day were awaiting an official order
from Emperor Hirohito before sur
render, as the navy revealed that
a Liberator crewman, forced down
May 4. was killed in cold blood by
an enemy officer.
The army flier, who was not
identified, made a safe parachute
landing on Koro in the Palaus May
4. He was subsequently taken pris
oner and killed by a Japanese of
ficer, the navy said. The Japanese
said the killing was und-r investi
gation and that it had not been an
execution carrying out a court mar
tial sentence.
Questioned about the murder of
the unidentified crewman in viola
tion of in’ernational law. the Jap
anese chief of staff, a Col Tada
said coldly:
“While the incident is regrettable
it is insignificant by comparison of
the loss of innocent women’s and
children’s lives by the atomic
Tada also claimed that what he
said were 44.000 soldiers and 6000
civilians under his command would
“resist anv attemnt at a prema
ture American landing to the point
of hara-kiri.”
Wainwright Flies
To Shanghai
CHUNGKING, Au?. 28. 'UP'
Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright,
American commander at Bataan
and Corregidor, and a group of
senior British and Dutch officers
liberated from a Manchurian prison
camp, arrived by Plane Tuesday.
Lt. Gen. A. E. Percival. British
commander at Singapore. was
among the officers who accompan
ied Wainwright, back to free China.
Both Wainwright and Percival will
tell their stories to the press later
They were liberated from a Jap
anese prison camp at Sian. 100
miles north of Mukden, by Ameri
can paratroops and Red army forc
es last week.
An American plane was sent to
, Mukden last Saturday to bring the
officers to Chungking, but difficul
ties of transportation had delayed
their arrival at the Mukden airfield
(A Japanese broadcast notified
Gen. Douglas MacArthur that plans
have been prepared for the evacua
' tion of prisoners of war camps at
:or near seven ports —Hakodate,
Aomari. Sendai. Yokohama. Nagoya,
Wakanoura and Nagasaki. The
broadcast was reported by the
Hurricane Blows
Out in Texas
HOUSTON. Tex.. Aug. 28. ‘UP'
The latest U. S. weather bureau’s
advisory Tuesday reported the trop
ical hurricane now has struck Sealy.
Texas, 50 miles west-northwest of
Houston but was decreasing in in
The storm was reported moving
slowK north with gales of About
40 to 50 miles per hour around the
center and possibly winds up to 70
miles over a small area at the cen
It now was believed that, with
the course the hurricane had taken.
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 3)
the famous Third Fleet had been
assigned primarily to the naval oc
cupation of the Tokyo area while
each of the other forces were as
signed to occupy anc control "coast
al waters of certain enemy-held
territories” and to operate in sup
port of American ground forces I
occupying the Japanese land areas.
Under the over-all supervision of
Admiral Richmand Kelly Turner,
commander of amphibious forces in
the Pacific, the Third, Fifth anc
Seventh Amphibious Forces, under
the operational control of the com
manders of the Third. Fifth and
Seventh Fleets respectively, will
carry the occupying troops to their
designated landing areas.
Part of the Third Amphibious
Force will be used for amphibious
troop movements in the areas con
trolled by the North Pacific Force
The Seventh Amphibious Force,
under the direction of the Seventh
Fleet commander, will land army
unite at strategic points in Korea,
while the Seventh Fleet also will
control the waters eff the China
coast from Hainan northward, in
cluding all of the Yellow Sea and
the west coast of Korea.
Areas assigned to the United
States Fifth Fleet and the North
Pacific Force will be announced,
Nimitz said.
Russian Forces
Near Hokkaido
LONDON. Aug. 28. (UP)—A Sov
iet broadcast said Tuesday that Red
Army troops have reached the
southern tip of Sakhalin island,
only 24 miles across a narrow strait
from the Japanese home island of
The broadcast said other tasks
still lay ahead of the army, but did
not specify whether these include
a landing on Hokkaido. A Tokyo
broadcast several days ago ex
pressed fears that the Russians
would force the channel.
The liberation of the entire Jap
anese-held southern half of Sak
halin was announced by the Khab
arovsk radio, voice of the Soviet
Far Eastern Command.
Japanese suicide units which held
out to the end were crushed. Khab
arovsk said. All Sakhalin formerly
belonged to Russia, but she was
forced to cede the southern half of
the island to Japan after the war
of 1904-5.
Examiners Okeh Pacific
Flight for Pan American
(UP) —Pan American Air
ways soon may be carrying
the United States flag on the
first round-the-world commercial
air route in aviation history.
De Gaulle Pleads
For U. S. Aid
CHICAGO. Aug. 28 <UP> A
plea for American aid to rebuild
Nazi-ravaged France was left Tues
day by Gen. Charles de Gaulle.
French provisional president.
Voicing gratitude for this na
tion’s help against the German in
vader. Gen. de Gaulle frankly told
a Chicago banquet audience Mon
day night that economic recovery
of France rested with the United
“I shall squarely admit that to
succeed in this economic renovation
of France Frenchmen are relying
on you Americans," he said.
“It is not that we are asking for
gifts from one state to another. But
it is perfectly true that we are ask
ing for your help.”
Cruiser San Diego Takes Contingent of
Fighters, Armed for Any Treachery;
Take-off Crash at Okinawa Kills 19 Men
MANILA, August 28. (UP)—The occupation of Japan
began smoothly Tuesday with the establishment of Amer
ican advance headquarters 20 miles from Tokyo and the
anchoring in Tokyo bay of a nine-ship task force with
10,000 marines and bluejackets.
advance party of 150 technicians—the first occupa
tion troops to land on Japan—radioed back from Atsugi
airfield Tuesday night that all 48 planes in the initial air
borne force had landed safely Tuesday morning.
An army communications officer on the field radioed
that the landing was “going according to plan.'' a message
intercepted by the navy radio station at Okinawa said.
A strong force of fighters and bombers constantly pa
trolled the skies over the field on the alert for possible
treachery, the officer said. Meanwhile. Japanese soldiers
and civilians stood at a safe distance from the field and
S. F. Nisei Defies
Union Workers;
Gets Former Job
Takeo Miyama, Japanese-Ameri
can machinist, Tuesday returned
to his job at the Municipal Railway
bus repair shop despite threats of
100 AFL union repairmen to “es
cort him out." stage a sit-down
strike or a walk out.
Miyama came to the shop shortly
after 8 a m. and was sent to repair
a bus standing in the yard outside
the shops. When the other workers
heard the Nisei had returned they
ceased work in small groups to dis
cuss the matter.
Police and plain clothesmen
guarded the repair shop in antici
pation of violence.
A San Francisco hero of the air
craft carrier Franklin approached
Miyama while he worked on the
bus. to offer encouragement.
“Good luck and I hope you get
your chance to work here." Chief
Radio Technician Harold Stone
said to Miyama. “I think you have
the right to.” Stone holds the silver
star for gallantry in action against
the Japanese.
Miyama came back to work be
cause Fred Rofs. war relocation
authority field representative, said
the Nisei must face his duty to his
people and not stay away like a
Monday Mayor Roger Lapham
told the AFL machinists that Mi-
<Continued on Page 6. Col. 3)
Civil aeronautics board exam
iners recommended Monday that
the pioneer internatlctal carrier be
licensed to fly westward across the
Cetral Pacific to Calcutta from San
Francisco and Los Angeles.
The board recently granted Pan-
Such aid. he said, would take the
“form of supplies of certain raw
materials, certain agricultural and
industrial machinery ... so that
we can produce and therefore open
a flow of exchange with other na
tions in the shortest possible time.”
De Gaulle declared that France
"wants to attain a degree of activ
ity enabling her to play a role
much more important than before
in the economy and exchanges of
the world . . because the world
will find no equilibrium drop or
even if we keep it at a standstill.
The French leader estimated de
struction in his war-trodden coun
try at $100,000,000,000 and said that
more than 500.000 Frenchmen were
killed on battlefields or executed
by the enemv
That Imperial Valley leads
in raising thoroughbred
horses and that last year
the income from this in
Was $110,000?
Radio communications were set
up and preparations begun to ready
the airfield for the mass air-borne
landings scheduled to begin Thurs
day morning. Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur. supreme occupation com
mander, will be among the early
arrivals Thursday.
An NBC correspondent on Oki
nawa quoted the Atsugi party h
saying that the Japanese garrison
! served some of the America ns a
[six-course dinner on a white table
cloth while other pilots guarded the
planes. Curious Japanese soldiers
and civilians had to be pushed
away from the planes.
The main communications plane
for the advance party crashed on
its takeoff from an Okinawa air
field early Tuesday morning and
all 19 occupants were killed Some
valuable equipment was lost, but
a substitute plane was sent immed
iately to Atsugi in its place
Rear Admiral Oscar C. Badger s
i flagship, the cruiser San Diego, led
a troop-laden transport, four de
stroyers, and three seaplane tenders
through narrow Uraga strait into
Tokyo bay without incident
With MacArthur’s silver air trans
ports roaring overhead, the USSN
San Diego became the first of the
armada to anchor off Yokosuka
naval base, 20 miles south of Tokyo
and 20 miles southeast of Atsugi.
Followed minutes later by the
i clatter of anchor chains being re
; leased, the San Diego droppe.d her
hook at 1:27 p.m. *12:27 a.m. EWTt.
“No hits, no runs, no errors,"
Badger messaged Adm. William F.
Halsey aboard the 53.000-ton flag
i ship Missouri, aboard which Japan
is scheduled to surrender formally.
(Continued on Page 6, Col. 4)
American certificates to fly east
ward across the North Atlantic to
Calcutta. If. as expected, the
CAB approves the examiners’ rec
ommendations in the Pacific case, it
will amend Pan-American’s present
routes to complete "a round-the
world service by an American car
“Round-the-world cruises by air
substantially will reduce the time
that was required for such cruises
before the war and will make pos
sible a maximum of time for the
visiting of foreign countries with a
minimum of transit time," the ex
aminers said.
What they meant was that some
day. not too far off, you may be
able to buy a ticket from Pan-
American at New York and two
weeks later arrive in San Francisco
or Los Angeles having visited:
Newfoundland. Ireland. Britain.
Belgium. Germany. Czechoslovakia.
Austria. Hungary. Yugoslavia. Ro
mania. Bulgaria, Turkey, Lebanon.
Iraq, and Honolulu.
The CAB examiners also proposed
that Northwest Airlines be licensed
to fly the North Pacific on a< route
between New York and Chicago and
Manila via Canada. Alaska Kurile
Islands, Japan, China and Hong

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