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Maximum Wednesday 108. minimum rhurs. 67; 5 a.m. Thurs. 71. humid ity 64; noon Thurs. 100. humidity 14: 5 p.m. Wednesday 106. hum. 19. BANK DEBITS Wednesday 5.391.205.33 Last Year 5376.253.60 VOL. XLIII, No. 249 MacARTHUR OPENS YOKOHAMA QUARTERS Kaiser Shipyard At Portland Swept by Flames Six Newly Launched Vessels Burn With Loss Estimated at $25,000,000; One Worker Drowns, Another Missing PORTLAND, Ore.. Aug. 30. (UP) —A major fire in the ou'J itting dock:- <if the Kaiser Oregon shipyard in Portland Thursday burned six newly completed ships, with damage estimated in excess of $25,000,000. A cabin painter drowned when he dived from a flaming ship into the mooring basin. An asbestos operator is un accounted- for. Rambling eporter Now, Now. Mr. Mayor! — As mayor of El Centro, P. L. Moore is supposed to set an ex ample tor fellow citizens on how to be law-abiding and avoid trou ble Moore not only sets this ex ample himself but likes his family, including the dog. to show others h >u admirable is good behavior. Wednesday night Mayor Moore was driving down the street, lee-! turin.. his dog to the effect that he must ride in the >.ack seat and no’ in the front. In his enthusiasm. Moore forgot he was driving and gave his full attention to training the dog. The lecture was broken into with a erash, the crash being between the Moore car and that of Massey Horton The latter’s car was parked at the < urb in a most law abiding manner. Perhaps when Moore has trained his dog on the proper way to be have. he’ll turn his attention to his car. Time Moves On— When Justice ot the Peace J. E. Simpson holds a scheduled pre liminary hearing on a car theft charge Friday afternoon he will have filed the last page in volume 57 nt criminal cases, totalling 18.- 960 since this county was estab lished For the sake of those wi*»> like their figures rough this is nearly three cases every two days. As the judge got ready to put Volume 57 on the long book shelf with the others he drew out thin and worn little Volume 1, filled wi’h its precise Spencerian script, and reminisced over the days when J F Tout was the first JP ; J. M. Eshlcinan was district attorney, and Phil Swing was his deputy. First case recorded in the old vol ume was in January. 1908. and fit tingly Touch for those rough pioneer days the prisoner was a fugitive from jystice. The first ac cused murderer. Clemente Ponce, was held to answer in superior court, on Mav 16 of the same year, and then a long silence occurs during the summer months when it w:u either too hot for crime or no one cared. Many well known names appear in the old volume and the 'barges are much as they are today: theft and burglary in varying degrees; 'Continued on Page 8. Col. 2' Trials Demanded To Clear Records of Pearl Harbor By JOSEPH L. MYLER WASHINGTON, Aug. 30. (IT) -- The administration a' long last has published the unpalatable story of Pearl Harbor, but many congres sional critics insisted Thursday that it still has not told all. Some of them, including Chair man Andrew J. May 'D >. Ken tucky. of the house military affairs commi'tee. demanded that the drama be played out, to a conclu sion in public court martial trials. The army and navy proposed to close the matter now without any trials. PLACING OF BLAME The official story, as released by President Truman in three sepa rate and frequently conflicting documents, placed varying degrees of blame for this country’s first and worst defeat in World War II upon: 1. The army and navy command ers on the scene. 2 The army and navy staff chiefs and others in Washington. 3. The architects of the country's IMPERIAL VALLEY PRESS Complete World-Wide News from United Press Leased Wire Service, Entire NEA Features, with Valley News by ihe Largest Editorial Staff in Southeastern California. The Only Local Daily Newpaper Serving El Centro, Calexico, Holtville, Imperial, Brawley, Seeley and Heber. Flames raced from one ship to another as they were tied at the dock of the Willamette river ship yard, one of the largest in the world. The Victory ships and troop transports had been launched and needed only final outfitting before going into service. MANY WORKERS NEAR Between 2500 and 3000 workers were in the immediate area. Fire men were driven from the outfit ting dock by the terrific heat of the flames, fed by fresh paint and other inflammables. The fire broke out as the grave yard shift was leaving. It is believ ed to have started when sparks from a welder's outfit ignited oil being piped into a generator on the Bexar Victory", a completed ship. The oil had dripped on some wood and the fire spread rapidly. The flames jumped to the USS Glynn, a troopship moored near it. and it W'as only seconds before the Glynn was completely afire SPREADS TO ALL CRAFT Since there were three ships tied to the dock and three more along side them, the fire spread over all the craft. Manager Albert Bauer said the Victory ships cost about $3.50< .090 each and the troopships $4,000,000. Yard fire apparatus answered the first alarm, then two additional alarms brought three fireboats and ill available Portland units. After an hour’s battle, firemen had prevented the fire from spread ing from the outfitting dock. Ef forts were concentrated on keeping the fire from the shipyards. Other craft in the basin included the Dottingham Victory, the Doth am Victory and USS Dane, another troopship. North Portland was covered with black smoke and the flames were (Continued on Page 8. Col. 5i Pilotless Super Falls Into Ocean MUROC FIELD. Cal.. Aug. 30 UP'—A flaming B-29 Superfort ress crashed into the ocean 50 miles with southeast of Coronado Island after its 11-man crew jumped to safety Wednesday. Muroc Field of ficials said Thursday. The crew bailed out near Lan caster. Cal., when the No. 4 engine caught fire. Several crewmen suffered minor injuries in the jump. Army and navy fighter planes es- CG.-ted the plane, which its pilot had set on automatic control, out m sea to make sure it would crash harmlessly into the water. pre-pearl Harbor diplomacy. Specifically named as sharing culpaoility for the defeat of De cember 7. 1941. were then Secretary of State Cordell Hull. Gen. George C. Marshall, army chief of staff: Adm. Harold R. Stark, then chief of naval operations: Lt. Gen. Leon ard . Gerow. then a major general in charge of the war plans division l of rhe war department general staff: Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short. Famed U. S. Flag To Be Hoisted WITH ADMINAL HALSEY IN TOKYO BAY. Aug. 30. UP—The battered American flag that flew above Co.mmodor Matthew Perry's frigate, Mississippi, when he op ened the door to Japan 92 years ago will be hoisted above the U. S. S. Missouri Sunday when the Eight Pages While ptans were under way tor mass occupational landing's in Japan, this flier. Lt. Col. Clay Tice, of Phoenix, Arizona, was forced to land a week ago on the islanf Kyushu, part of the Jap homeland. He is ■•een beside his plane, named "Elsie” for his wife. Executive Views New Type Homes At Minimum Cost LOS ANGELES. Aug. 30. 'UP' Marketing of a completely-furnish ed house and lot at a cost of 33500 was promised Thursday by Bror Dahlberg, president of the Celotex Corporation. "The greatest era of construction in the history of the nation will get under way within six months." Dahlberg said. "Our own war experience hints W the possibilities. Several thou sand comfortable, permanent four and-one-half-room houses were built with Celotex Cemesto units at a cost of $2500 or less. "This price did not include any profit for the dealer, or the cost of the land. But these houses were only partially prefabricated and were not manufactured by the as sembly line process.” Danlbcrg said assembly lines would be able to produce house sections as well as they did bomb bers. •■Reduction in costs thus effected will make it possible io produce at tractive and durable houses for S2OOO to $3030. The Celotex president said the atomic bomb city of Oak Ridge, Tenn., was an example. "More than three thousand per manent Cemesto homes, as well as other buildings such as hospitals, schools, stores and theaters were built in a short time. Dahlberg said low cost housing would create a need for 5,000.000 construction workmen for 10 years. U. S. Subs Finish With 69 Sinkings WASHINGTON. Aug. 30. <UP' U. S. submarines operating in Far Eastern waters in the last three months of the war sank 69 enemy vessels, the navy announced Thurs day. These sinkings have not been announced previously in any navy communiques. They were com piled from reports of submarines after their return from Pacific ac tion. then commander of the army's Hawaiian Department, and Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel, then commander-in-chief of the U. S. Pacific Fleet. FIRST TIME It was the first time that any soil from the mess of Pearl Harbor had been rubbed officially on Hull. Marshall, and Stark. Secretary of W’ar Henrv I. Stim- ' Continued on Page 8. Col. 3) Japanese surrender. Lt. John K Bremyer of Mc- Pherson. Kans., arrived at Tokyo Bay with the flag after a record breaking 104-hour flight from Washington. The flag, with 31 stars, has been preserved in the Naval Academy Museum at Annapolis. EL CENTRO, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 30, 1945 He Got There First Officers Trail Trio in Double Holdup, Attack Sheriff’s officers Thursday were on the trail of three young Mexi cans who reportedly robbed James R Jenkins Wednesday afternoon and then beat him up early in the evening when he unwittingly ac cepted a ride in the car driven by the same Mexicans for whom he was looking. He is in the county hospital. Jenkins told Deputy Sheriff A. T Lyons that he wss» from Salinas to Springfield. 111. and stopped for a sleep at the Sandia store north of Holtville, which Is now closed. Two young Mexicans in working clothes woke him, threa'ened him with a piece of pipe and robbed him of three dol lars. Jenkins said. After he reported the robbery to Holtville police, and Lyons had been called. Jenkins decided to look for the Mexicans in Brawley. In the dark he did not recognize the occupants of the car which stopped to give him a ride until he was in udc the car. he said. They took him back to the Sandia store build ing. ordered him out of the car. 'lugged him in the back of the head with the pipe and took his cigar ettes and another dollar in change while he was still unconscious, ac cording to his report. Holtville police took him to the county hospital where the extent of his injuries have not yet been determined. Yank Prisoners Leave Japan ABOARD THE EVACUATION SHIP REEVES OFF YOKOHAMA Aug. 30. (UPi —The following in clude names of the first group of prisoners evacuated from Japan Thursday with assignment at time of capture: 'AU men are enlisted unless oth erwise noted, i William Herbert Adams. 4th Ma rines, Fullerton, Cal. Second Lt. Albert Hall Andrews, V)lth Bomb Group, Pasadena. Cal. Warrant Officer Charles W. Au det. ATS. Philippines, North Holly wood. Cal. Byron T. Bingham, Ft. Mills, Corregidor, Tucson. Ariz. Maj. Gregory Boyington, 2nd Ma rine Airwing. Okanogan. Wash. Arthur N. Buchanan, Ft. Mills Station Hosp., Alhambra. Cal. Arthur J. Calanchini, Wake Is land. Bakersfield. Cal. Clayton O. Decker, submarine. San Francisco. Courtney A. Forth. Civilian Army Eng.. Corregidor. San Francisco. Paul R. Sandoval. Med. Detach.. Bataan, Glendale. Ariz. First Lt. Gordon H. Scott, 7th Fighter Cmd., Iwo Jima, Mavwood, Cal. Harry Slater. Jr.. 39th Bomb Group. Guam. Pasadena. Cal. British Forces Enter Hongkong CHUNGKING. Aug. 30. <UPi British naval units will enter Hong kong harbor Thursday to take over the British crown colony from Jap anese occupation forces, Lt. Gen. Albert C Wedemeyer announced. Wehmeyer sa\t that the British units were detached from Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser's Pacific commant to take the lightning run to re assume control of one of Great Britain's most famous outposts. Stars and Stripes Raised Over Jap Homeland As 40,000 U.S. Troops Land Prisoner Tells Of Jap Cruelty By Frank H. Barli.olomcw Representing the Combined American Press 'Distributed by United Press' ABOARD THE MERCY SHIP REEVES OFF ‘OMORI PRISON CAMP, TOKYO BAY. Aug. 30. 'UP' Surviving 20 months of secret im prisonment and torture with a base ball bat. Maj. Gregory i Pappy i B’oyington. 32-year-olc ace from Okanogan. Wash., was rescued by an expedition commanded by Com modore Roger Simpson, he told me Thursday. Boyington was reported dead when he was shot town over Ra bpul in 1944. He had 28 Japanese planes and a Congressional Medal of Honor to his credit. HAD 32 WOUNDS Boyington said he wiw> shot down during the merning of January 3. 1944. He had 22 mm wounds on his head. neck, arms anc ear and his ankle was broken. The main gas tank on his Corrair blew up. “I flipped my plane on its back and unfatsened the safety belt," Loyingtbn said. “I dropped 190 feet to the water and was stunned by the impact." Taking off his shoes and clothes, he treated water Four Japanese in Zekes strafed him until they ran out of ammunition. “Finally I located the rubber boat from my plane and inflated it," he went on. "After a few hours a Japanese submarine surfaced near bv and took me aboard off Cape St. George and transported me to Rabaul." “At Rabaul. I was blindfolced and handcuffed and my medical equipment was taken away. I was questioned the w’.t le night. I had Monterey Presidio Soldiers Want Service in Japan MONTEREY. Cal.. Aug. 10 'UP' —Two thousand soldiers at the Presidio of Monterey answered pro tecting Pacific-bound troops Thurs day by saying they wanted to go to Japan but were unable to get a "priority." In letters to the San Francisco Chronicle, which has received a number of telegrams and letter.' from members of the 86th and 95th divisions objecting to transfer of European combat troops to Pacific occupation zones, the Monterey sol diers. trained for service with the Allied military government, said they would insist ' something be done" to get them to Japan. The letters said '.he writers had had training at considerable ex pense to the American taxpayer and had the technical skill to do the job. One quoted letter said; “In your discussion of the rede ployment of European veterans to the Pacific, it should be pointed out that 2000 officers trained for the military government of Japan are sitting in Monterey doing ab solutely nothing and unable to get priority for shipment to the Pacific. “Most of them have had no over seas duty, but have been trained over a/year for this job. “Practically all of them speak Japanese, know Japan intimately, are experts in tome governmental field, have had intensive combat training, and want to go. “What is the war department's explanation of this fiasco?" The Chronicle said it telephoned Washington for an answer and re ceived the following reply. It quot ed a war department official as saying that 903 AMG-trained army officers have been stationed at Monterey for periods ranging from four months to a year and 400 al ready have gone overseas. The re maining 506 “will go." the news paper quoted the official as saying. (Continued on Page 8. col. 8( U. S. FINLAND TO RESUME DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WASHINGTON. Aug. 30. 'UP'— The state department announced Thursday that diplomatic relations between the United States and Fin land will be resumed at midnight Fridav. no medical treatment for 10 days curing which time my festering, wcunds smelled so foul I wondered how the Jap questioners could stand the stench. On the 11th day, another in ternee was permitted to apply hot water bandages. "I was held for two months in Rabaul. I trekkec into town daily from the camp in the outskirts for continuous grilling. Twenty other airmen were in the camp, but I was a special prisener and had no war prisoner privileges . "In March. 1944, I was trans ported to a secret navy camp for questioning. It was in the country ; village of Ofuna. Japan. Here I was given the baseball bat treat ment, standing with my hands tied while the guard slugged the back of my legs and my backside as hare as possible. The latter was sc swollen I could see it over my shoulder SLUGGED 300 TIMES “I was slugged in the jaw ap proximately 300 times. Similar beat ings killed other prisoners. Even Jap civilians took part in admin istering the beatings. The barber who shaved our heads every two months delighted in taking pokes at us. , On April 5. 1945/, Boyington was transferred to Omori where “polite ness was the orc er of the day." The prisoners were required to bow ev ery morning to the emperor. The menu consisted of a kilo of maize and rice mixed together, a mess which tasted like chalk. This basic item was supplemented by soybean soup which was mostly water. An occasional treat was a fish head or seaweed. Invasion General, MacArthur Meet On Nipponese Soil By WILLIAM B. DICKINSON ATSUGI. Japan, Aug. 30. (UP'— Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped from his C-54 transport plane, Ba taan. onto the imperial soil of Ja pan Thursday with the words: ■'Well, we got here, didn’t we?” MacArthur was in high good hu mor as he stepped from his plane exactly on scheduled time at 1:58 p.m. <11:58 p.m. Wednesday. CWTi. "The preliminary occupation is going splendidly,” MacArthur said "There is every indication that it will continue without friction or bloodshed.” The supreme commander flew up from Okinawa in bright sunshine through a calm blue sky flecked with white clouds. (William Dunn. CBS correspond ent, reported that MacArthur was served dinner at his new head- <Continued on Page 8. Col. 1> E. C. Businessmen Will Not Mark V-J Day by Closing El Centro businessmen will not close their places of business Sat urday. it was announced Thursday. Final surrender terms will be signed by Japan Sunday. Saturday here, and if a holiday were to be ob served it would be Saturday. Business generally will be closed Monday—Labor Day, it also was announced. Court Upholds Veterans' Seniority Job Rights NEW YORK, Aug. 30. Repair corporation of Brooklyn. "This act now saves the veteran fTTpt Federal Tude’e Mat- The case involved interpretation his pension, his insurance and his eh T AL ' h lal ’ k veterans’ seniority rights under social security," Abruzzo said, tnew 1. Aoruzzo upheld job the Selective Service act. "In my opinion, congress intend- seniority rights of veterans Answering arguments of the com- ed to give the veteran all the rights Thursday in a decision granted in pany’s counsel, Abruzzo declared he left when he was called into ser a test case brought by Abraham “there was no ambiguity about the vice and the statute passed by con- Fishgold, a former serviceman, ■ act that took the veteran into the gress supersedes collective bargain against the Sullivan Drydock and armed forces.” ing contracts." (Five Cents Per Copy) PHONE 300, THE POST-PRESS 'This Looks Like the Payoff,' Supreme Commander Says, as Yanks Move In; Occupation Begins Without Incidents GENERAL MacARTHUR HEADQUARTERS. YOKO HAMA, JAPAN, August 30. (UP) —Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur set up headquarters in Yokohama Thursday as the first 40,000 troops of his occupation army raised the Stars and Stripes over Japan's largest naval bas l ?, two airfields and a big slice of the Tokyo plain. A half dozen or more Japanese towns, some within a few miles of the southern outskirts of Tokyo, were occu pied by Allied air and sea borne forces in their first few hours ashore. MacArthur, supreme occupation commander, established his headquarters in Yokohama’s new Grand Hotel with other top American officers less than an hour after land ing at Atsugi airfield from Okinawa. From top of the hotel MacArthur could.see Emperor Hirohito's palace in the heart of Tokyo. Both Hirohito and the Japanese government now must take their orders from MacArthur. South of Yokohama. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz MacArthur's partner in the conquest of Japan— and Admiral William F. 'Bull' Hal : sey of Third Fleet fame went ashore at the newly-occupied Yok osuka naval base, formerly Japan's i No. 1 navy yard. It already had i surrendered formally to Halsey’s • deputies. American and British marines and blue-jackets also raised the American flag over three fortified islands guarding the approaches' to Yokosuka. Cape Futtsu. seven miles across the entrance to Tokyo Bay from Yokosuka, and the half-sunk en hulk of the Japanese battleship Nagato. WELL GUARDED The air and sea-borne landings on Japan were carried out under a canopy of 2000 warplanes and the big guns of hundreds of war-_ ships in Tokyo Bay and adjoining Sagami Bay. The troops landed with full com bat equipment, but not a shot was fired by either side. Japanese of ficers were polite and bowing. Civilians were docile. MacArthur's huge transport plane j Bataan alighted on Atsugi Airfield 18 miles south of Hirohito's Palace, at 1:58 p.m. (12:58 a m.. EWT'. He told newsmen and G.l.'s. who clus tered about the plane, that the sur render plan was “going splendidly." “There is every indication that the occupation will continue with out fraction or bloodshed." he said. In the outlying theaters, fight ng practically has ceased. In tnis area. 300.000 Japanese troops have been disarmed and demobilized. COMES THE PAYOFF “From Melbourne to Tokyo was Suicide Pilots Forced to Fly By ERNEST HOBERECHT YOKOSUKA NAVAL BASE, Aug 30. (UP)—Specially-trained Japan ese suicide pilots were recruited for the highly-advertised "special at tack corps” from volunteers and pilots who had no choice in the matter, a Tokyo high school lan guage instructor told me Thursday. The instructor. Yagiu Naoyuki. accompanied me on a tour of this base in a car driven by a third class Japanese petty officer "Most of the volunteers were younger pilots." Naoyuki said. "They were given special discipline for the suicide jobs along with pilots from units arbitrarily chosen by the high command." As we rode around in a right- DO YOU NOW- That Imperial Valley leads in raisin g thoroughbred horses and that last year the income from this in dustry Was 5110,000? By RALPH TEATSORTH ; a long, hard road, but this looks like the payoff." Close behind MacArthur's plane < came other big transports carrying Geh. Carl A Spaatz. commander of ; the Strategic Air Forces; Lt. Gen. ; George C. Kenney, commander of the Far East Air Forces, and other top officers. From Atsugi. MacArthur’s party set out for Yokohama in a convoy , of Japanese automobiles and trucks. Japanese troops with rifles and sidearms stood every 100 yards or :so with their backs to their road j on guard against any overt act by 1 their countrymen. Paratroops of the 11th Air-borne Division, who will serve as Mac- Arthur's bodyguards, piled into the Japanese trucks without comment. Japanese officers saluted promptly as the convoy passed, and Ameri- ■ can officers returned the salute. Yokohama it.self was a burned out shell from American air raids. There was no resemblance to the great port that once housed nearly 1.000.000 Japanese and handled a ■ quarter of the Japanese empire's trade. ' 150 OFFICERS Nearly 150 other officers also were guests in the hotel. Up to 40.000 troops had landed I by sea and air on the southern ap proaches of Tokyo by nightfall Others waited aboard ships in To kyo Bay and at Okinawa Airfields to join in the occupation. They were the vanguard of an occupation army that ultimately is expected to total at least 500,000 troops on the Japanese home is lands. The next occupation force is scheduled to land on the south- 'Continued on Page 8. Col. 4' hand drive car and looked at the installations, we discussed the Jap anese who had been captured by the Americans. ’ The people believe that captured Japanese are disgraced if they come home, but I feel sorry for tnem be cause they put up a good fight,” Naoyuki said. “Intellectuals, how ever. do not feel this way and would welcome home a Japanese who was captured.” Naoyuki said that towards the end the Japanese were exhausted and felt the war was going against them. They knew they were defin itely licked when the big Super fortress raids started in May, he added, and the atomic bomb was the chief reason they quit.