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Maximum Thursday 111, minimum Friday 72; 5 a.m. Friday 75, humid ity s*; noon Friday 106. humidity 42; 5 p.m. Thursday 107. humid. 10. BANK DEBITS Thursday 5538.675.47 l ast Year $185.850.44 VOL. XLIII, No. 250 U. S. TROOPS STAND GUARD AROUND TOKYO Vets Face Fight In Courts On Seniority Rules Servicemen's Groups Differ on Recent Decision Giving Ex-Fighter Old Job Over Worker With Longer Tenure WASHINGTON. Aug. 31. (UP) —Superseniority for vet erans appeared Friday to be headed for a supreme court tt t after ; New York district judge held that an ex serviceman gets hi- old job back regardless of who must be fired ~ The CIO. whose local 13 of the Industrial Union .a M trine anci Shipbuilding Workers offered Abra ham Fishgoid seniority for time work'd ,<nd time spent in the navy, bi no more, sponsored the move for a high court review. Judge Ktatlhew T. Abruzzo held that the Sullivan Dry Dock and Repair Corp of Brooklyn. N. Y.. failed in its legal duty to Fishgold when it laid him off r ither than a non-veteran worker with 26 days greater seniority The rulings, hailed by Selective Rambling eporter On The Prowl— -If you sec RR walking down the street these da . • it.-hing wom«'”’s icrr yop^ 1 :.,io”> -I lt » just. for the most unusual pair of shoes in town It ail skirted when M. O. King put on sale a group of shoes, stamp -free authorized by the OPA. To satistv the crowds of women who are always anxious to get shoes without stamps. Kings dug down into their deep-st and dirke~t clos ets to ger all shoes available They came up with some shiny black patent leather dress shoes complete with high heels and cut out side-, but also with button fronts that fasten modestly well above the ankle But even more sur prising to King’s sh>e salesmen th. in finding the 192 vintage hoes wa> the woman who came in. and in apparent delight, bought a pair RR wonder, if she bough' them for a souvenir >r was that desper ate for .11 w .ujtv.it jt ~idv’ Kluis All This?— Discovery of sorm kind of a den of iniquity which has flourished under the very eves of the police, was at'racting considerable atten tion Friday to the corner opposite police headquarters where one sign blo'ked o'r "pert of another, and what was left proclaimed to all interested ’hat >ne se-tion of Fried ley’s service -t.rion is the "vice depirtmeir , Civilian Meat Supplies Increase 25 Per Cent WASHINGTON. Aujr. 31. (I P)—The American public was told Friday that its biggest wartime competitor for the meat supply, the govern ment. will step out of the priority market September 2. As a consequence, food officials predict that civilians will get 25 per cent more meat in the last Truman Order Abolishes OWI WASHINGTON. Aug. 31. <UP> President Truman Friday ordered abolition of the Office of War In formation and asked Secretary of State James F. Byrnes to prepare a program to put American foreign informational needs on a continu ing basis. Effective immediately the for eign functions of OWI and the in formational operations of the Of fice of Inter-American Affairs were consolidated in a new interim in ternational service within the state department. Effective September 15. the do mestic functions of OWT will be abolished. Byrnes was directed to abolish the interim international IMPERIAL VALLEY PRESS Complete World-Wide Notes from United Press Leased Wire Service, Entire \EA Features, with Valley Notes by ihe Largest Editorial Staff in Southeastern California. The Only Local Daily New pa per Serving El Centro, Calexico, Holtville, Imperial, firateley, Seeley and Heber. Service as a complete victory for Director Lewis B Hershey's famous memorandum 190-A. got a chilly reception from two of the three ma jor veterans organizations. The CIO. in a statement by its veterans committee, also branded it anti-veteran” and said it was so unworkable that a ’’better inform ed court unquestionably will reverse the decision.” But the American Legion, which consistently has backed Hershey’s superseniority ruling, found Abruz zo’s verdict wholly satisfactory. Ab ruzzo said —as have Hershey and the Legion—that the re-employ ment clause in the draft act su per-edes union seniority contracts. TAKE ISSUE ON RULING The Veterans of Foreign Wars and the Disabled American Veter ans have challenged this view, hold ing it would work to the veteran’s disadvantage. James W. Cannon VFW judge advocate general, said Continued on Page 6. Col. 2> Shipyard Fire Loss Now Set At Three Million PORTLAND* Ore.. Aug. 31 'UP- The 2800-foot outfitting dock of the Kaiser Oregon shipyards lay in ruins Friday after a $3,000,000 fire which damaged seven unfinished war vessels. The fire forced closure of the yard until next Tuesday. Since the yard had only three more ships to complete and was cutting down its workers rapidly, it was believed the fire may prove to be the im petus to virtually end the wartime job of the yard, one of the largest in the world. It was feared the loss would pass the 525.000.000 mark shortly after the fire broke out and the seven -hips caught fire. Then it was discovered that quick action in tow ing the ships into the Willamette river had prevented interior damage to the vessels, which drastically lowered the loss figures. Two men were believed to have drowned as they tried to escape Tom one of the burning ships. ( The fire broke out Thursday when an acetylene line burst under rhe dock and ignited wooden piling three months of 1945. still leaving 700.000,000 pound- for export. The Bureau of Labor Statistics, mean while. reported that meat counters were better stocked in mid-August 'han at any time since last March. Ire Agriculture Department an nouncer' that it was lifting the last remaining set-aside on federally inspected meat production. Packers no longer will have to reserve 50 per cent of the output of pork information service bv December 31. The President pointed out in a statement accompanying his execu tive order that while it is possible now to curtail wartime govern mental information services, "some of our foreign information opera tions will continue to be necessary." The President made it plain that the government's future interna tional information program would not compete with American pri vate organizations and individuals in the fields of news, motion pic tures and communications, which,, he said, would be “the primary means of informing foreign peoples about this country.” SIX PAGES Here is seen part of the mighty Third Fleet with the big guns trained on shore as Japs play final score ir. war—signing unconditional sur render terms. Some of the most powerful warships are in Halsey’s ileet. on duty off Tokyo. States Pledged To Direct Own Jobless Set-Ups WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. 'UP' Gov. Edward Martin of Pennsyl vania. chairman of the governor’s conference. Friday placed the 48 state executives on record as op posed to anv federalization of the unemployment compensation sys tem Mai tin testified before the sefi ate finance committee on a bill suggested by President Truman which would establish a federal standard of $25 a week for 26 weeks. In stares which do not meet that standard, the federal govern ment would make up the difference. Martin said a cooperative pro gram developed bv the states with the federal government has made it possible in the past nine years to make needed adjustments in state laws to meet varying conditions in different parts of the country. Meanwhile, the President’s ap peal for higher unemployment, ben efits appeared to be running into trouble in the house wa y s and means committee. Sharply critical senitmertt was evident among a number of mittee members and to a lesser ex tent in the senate finance commit tee as the two groups resumed hearings on the administration bill. shoulders and loins for government purchase. Set-asides on beef, mutton, lamb, veal anc other pork cuts were re moved 10 days ago . Henceforth military and other government needs for meat will be met by purchases on the open market. These cutbacks made possible the sharp slash in red points required for meat for the next ration pe rioß. beginning Monday. As store shelves begin to fill up again, the Office of Price Admin istration is worried about the pos sibility of another inflationary food price spiral such as followed World War I. To ccmbat this it plans to hand out "anti-inflation shopping lifts” to housewives to use for spotting above-ceiling prices on meats and other foods. The list swill be distributed by local ration boards starting next week Each housewife will be asked to write on her list for one week the exact prices she pays her butcher and grocer for all kinds of food and turn the list to the local board. The lists will give the OPA a picture of price complaints in various areas. Price Chief Chester Bowles, in warning of the inflationary danger, recalled that after the last war prices rose twice as fast as they did during the fighting. The price of a five-pound bag of potatoes rose 3h. cents during the war and 35 cents in the year and eight months following the armistice. EL CENTRO, CALIFORNIA, Making It Hard For Beaten Japs To Play Any Tricks National Budget Cut 191 Billion Marine Stabbed In Night Brawl Just outside the barred windows of the county jail, an argument, shortly ijfter midnight Friday, ended in a stabbing. As a result a marine corporal is in the base hespitai with deep knife wounds under his left shoulder and in his back. Matron Vivian Luckinbill report ed that she was awakened by the argument and watched one marine knock another Lown as two other marines and a girl ran across the courthouse lawn. When she went down stairs to investigate she found a billfold containing $45. The two who were fighting had left in a car parked in the jail driveway. The billfold was turned over to the marine M. P.’s, who are hand ling the case. Calexico Officers Nab Juvenile Trio on Robberies A youthful trio of Calexico Mex icans were turned over to juvenile authorities by Calexico Chief of Police Harry Duelfer Thursday aft er the boys admitted entering and robbing 18 Calexico homes, all in broad daylight, the chief said. Tne boys, 11, 12. and 13 years of age. informed on each other after one was caught with three rings. Most of the thefts were con fined to jewelry, some of which was recovered by police, and money The burglaries took place over a month’s period of time and the boys left a trail of vandalism be hind them As they told their story to police the boys said they threw eggs all '-“er the ceiling of one house in tneir chagrin at finding no loot. At the Baptist church they prepared lunch from bread and lettuce which they brought and made into sandwiches with the minister’s canned goods, which were left scattered about the room. Most of the houses entered were Mexican shacks where the owners were known to be gone, and where policemen were known to patrol at night Chief Duelfer said. Blaze Destroys Farm Residence The ranch home of Fred Nichols, west of Imperial was destroyed by fire shortly after'; midnight Thurs day at a loss of S4OOO. County fire men arrived in time to keep the blaze from spreading from the house, but were unable to save the building. A Hudson car, valued at SICOO, also was burned, bringing loss on the fire to SSOOO. FRIDAY. AUGUST 31, 1915 WASHINGTON. A'U. 31 ' I’P The government Friday announced a drastic victory cut in the war spending program and revi -rd up ward somewhat its plans for non war expenditures for the 1943 fiscal •■ear ending next June 30 Budget Dire-tor Harold D Smith pointed out that th? dash of $19.- 500.000.000 in estimated war ex penditures w.ss prompted by the end of the war in the Pacific The cut was' to $5 ,5( 1.C00.0C0 from the previous budget estimate of $70,- OOO.OC'OGOO for a one-front war. LAYOFFS IN WAR PLANTS As a result of layoffs in war plants and other phases of the in dustrial economy, government re ceipts are now estimated ht roughly $36.0'0.000.000 for the year, or $lO.- 500,000.000 below those of the last fiscal year which ended June 30 The deficit. Smith siid in ’he newest revision which made obso lete the changes of last Aug 1. will be about $30,409,000,0 . $15,500.- 090.000 below that of the last fiscal year. The overall budget, as revised, will be $63.400.00'T00. compared with actual spending la- year of $100,100,000,090 and an Aug. 1 esti mate of $34.900.09< 000. War 'pend ing of $50,500,000,000 wii. be about $40,000.0 1.000 below actual expen ditures for such purposes last year. Smith said ’he effect of rhe re duction tn the war budget on the economy already has been demon strated by cutback;. He said that discharge of perhaps 7.030.009 serv , ice people in the next 12 months will have further wide economic i effects. Despite these changes tnere will still he heavy war expenditures. The director said liquidation of the war machine will take rime and will cost billions of dollars. N’ON-WAR SPENDING Estimates for non-war spending this year are $6,300,000,000 above ’hose of last year. They will total ■515.9'9.000.000. Spending m the "aftermath of war category was revised upward from ’he $9,600,090,- <Continued on Page 6. Col. 6> West Coast Plants Put Out 78,554 Fighting Planes LOS ANGELES. Aug. 31. ''UP' Wprt coast plants turned out 78.554 planes with a total airframe weight of 959.678.500 pounds, during th? war, Robert E. Gross, president of rhe Aircraft War Production Coun cil and of Lockheed Aircraft, an nounced Friday. * The figures cover production from January 1, 1942. to August 9. 1945. West Coast manufacturers, with plants in 16 states, delivered 46 per cent of the total number —125.823 and 60 per cent of the airframe w’eight—l.s76.B4l.3oo—he said. The Aircraft Council included Boeing. Consolidated-Vxiltce. Doug [ las. Lockheed. North American, 1 Northrop and Ryan. British Attack Three Fleeing Japanese Ships SYDNEY. Australia. Aug. 31. 'UPi British fleet- aircraft units have attacked three Japanese ships which tried to flee Hongkong, British Pa cific fleet headquarters announced Friday. A 12-ship British task force head ed by the new 35.000-ton dread naught Anson sailed into Hong kong Thursday. British marines seized the naval dockyards. . When three Japanese ships tried to slip away. British carrier planes attacked them. The formal suirender by the Jap anese of the British Crown colony is to take place next week. Mother of Two Asks Probation !n Neglect Case Helen Martinez. Brawley, mother accused of neglect of her two chil dren. pleaded guilty Friday morn ing in superior court and applied for probation. The probation hear ing was set for next Friday. I Hull Denies Proposals To Japs Was Ultimatum WASHINGTON, Aug. 31. < UP) —State department ef forts to clear former Secre tary of State Cordell Hull o* responsibility for the Pearl Har bor disaster Friday paralleled con tinued congressional demands for more information and public trials for the men accused The state department released a Hull letter of a year ago in which he emphatically denied that his last, proposal to the Japanese on November 26. 1941. was an "ulti matum." as it was called by the army board of inquiry. The army board said the Hull proposal led to the Japanese de cision to attack Pearl Harbor and indirectly criticized him for forc ing the issue at a time when the army and navy were desperately sparring for time in order to pre pare. DID NOT ANSWER CHARGES The letter did not answer the army charge that Secretary of War Henrv L. Stimson was not advised by Hull that he had handed the so-called ultimatum to the Japa nese. It did. however, reply to the charges that Hull failed to keep rhe army and navy informed of the critical nature of the situation. Hull said that at war council meetings on November 25 and November 28 he warned of an imminent break with Japan and declared that the security of the U. S. was “in the (Five Cents Pei Copy) PHONE 300, THE POST-PRESS Military Leaders Assemble For v Surrender Rites 200-Mile Square Sector Around Capital Heavily Patrolled as Hour Nears; Gen. Wainwright Arrives for Ceremony GENERAL MacARTHUR’S HEADQUARTERS. YO KOHAMA. Aug. 31. (UP) —-United States air and sea forces mounted armed guard over strategic points within a 200-mile-square sector of the Tokyo plain Friday and /Gen. Douglas MacArthur prepared to receive Japan’s sur render. <ln light drizzling rain and under grey skies armed units, of the 11th Airborne Division fanned out over the metro Japs Surrender Marcus Island In Formal Rites GUAM, Aug 31. iUP -Marcus Island. Japanese bastion 140 J miles southeast of Tokyo, formally was surrendered with its garrison of 2445 army and navy personnel in a ceremony Friday aboard the de stroyer U.S.S. Bagley. The navy announced that the Japanese commander of Marcus. Rear Adm. M. Matsubara, rose from a sick bed to attend the ceremony conference on the forecastle of the Bagley. He was accompanied by five staff officers. Matsubara presented the U S. representative. Rear Adm. F. M Whiting, Watertown. >N. Y.. and Alexandria. Va„ three ceremonial swords at the opening of the 30- minute ceremony. Matsubara said the^- majority of the personnel at Mardtis are ill and emaciated as a result of dysentery and malnutrition Three hundred Japanese were evacuated from Marcus a few days ago aboard a Japanese destroyer Men aboard the Bagley, a few hun dred yards offshore, could see dam age and devastation wrought on the Island by American bombers. No date was set for the f >rmal occupation of Marcus. Motorists Warned To Use Care in Holiday Driving • 1 A warning on careless and reck less driving over the two-day Labor Day holiday was issued to Imperial Valley motorists Friday by Captain Mark Hebblethwaite of the Califor nia Highway Patrol. Captain Heb blethwaite was joined in his ad monition by Sheriff Robert W. Ware and El Cen’ro Chief R. R Voyles. " There has been a sharp increase in automobile accidents since the lifting of gas rationing.” Captain Hebblethwaite said, “and this is the 'Continued on Page 6. Col. 5> hands of the army and navy.” Hull himself has made no state ment on the charges except to state that after careful study of the re ports he will say whatever seems called for Officials doubted that at this time he personally would enter the nationwide debate created by publication of the Pearl Harbor reports. Some officials hinted that the . files of the Japanese Foreign Of- I fice, if not completely destroyed, may throw more light on Japans surprise move in late 1941 The state department added to 'Glad To See' you. Both Say By UNITED PRESS Gen. Douglas MacArthur shook hands Friday with Lt. Gen. Jon athan Wainwright who took over Corregidor's defense when MacAr thur was ordered out before the fall of the fortress. Wainwright, freed from a Jap anese prison camp in Manchuria, was rushed by air via Chungking and Manila to be present at the i formal surrender ceremony Sunday. 'Saturday PWTL The meeting took place in a pri- DO YOU KNOW— That the State Guard will not he demobilized and that recruits are needed tor the Imperial County Units? politan A tsugi-Yokosuka-Yokohama areas They .et up guard posts at the main intersections, bridges, strate gic points, and aroqnc the buildings which have been taken over by the American forces. 40.000 YXNKS ASHORE More than 40.000 American arm’’ and navy men were ashore and thousands more were pouring in But a.s they fanned out over the metropolitan region their numbers seemed small. MacArthur in his new headquar ters at the new Grand Hotel was busy arranging for the surrender ceremony Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, his companion of Cor regidor. arrived to witness the sur render. No untoward incidents of any na ture with the Japanese were re ported and it was said that they continued to cooperate fully. Tokyo itself was off limits to American forces but correspondents who inspected the Japanese capita! said it was the "worst beaten up city" they had ever seen Jap anese informants placed destruc tion at ’about 60 per cent." Yokohama was about 75 per cent turned down by American incen diary bombing But a good many modern buildings in the downtown area were in good condition and American headquarters was rapidly being installed in these buildings WAIT TO ENTER TOKYO It appeared that it may be con siderable time before any large number of American troops enter Tokyo. Life in the city is at a complete standstill No shops are open and only a few government agencies, the police and the ofticial news service are functioning. In both Tokyo and Yokohama street cars and trains- in small numbers—are operating but there are few people on Ihe streets. All Allied prisoners in the To kyo area, with the exception of one prison camp, have been liberated. Some 700 were released from the Omori camp. All records at this camp were seized by the recovered personnel team of the 11th Air borne Division. The Japanese had held about 10.- 000 prisoners on Honshu island. 6000 wilrhin a 106-mile radius of Tokyo and about 1600 in Tokyo and vicin ity i A Japanese government an- 'Continued on Page 6. Col 8' the voluminous reports already published by releasing a letter from Hull when he was still secretary’ of state to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson It was dated September. 1944- after the army board of in quiry had started its investigation and was a reply to Stimson’s re quest for Hull’s version of testi mony that he 'Hull' had given the Japanese an ultimatum against the army and navy’s advice. LEAVES GAPS OPEN Aside from stating an opinion that the document he handed the 'Continued on Page 6. Col. D vate dining room of the hotel where MacArthur and his staff awaited Wainwright’s arrival. “Well! I'm glad to see " Arthur said, shaking Wainwright s hand as the emaciated officer walk ed in. Wainwright, obviously in fine spirits, swallowed momentarily/and ‘ said “I’m glad to see you. too. "7 Wainwright was accompanied by Gen. Sir Archibald Percival, Brit ish commander at Singapore, also invited to witness surrender.