TOL; H, NO. 18.
L0RDSBURG, NEW MEXICO, MARCH 22, 1889.
8iWrtptlon T"er Year.
Mingle Copio 10 Centm
LonUhurg - - New ttctleo.
By DO XI If. KKDZIK.
Tlirc Month 1 00
Six Month! r.:..:. ........... 1 7Í
On Ycftr..........: 8 00
Subscription Always Payable ta Advaneo.
Southern Faoifio Railroad.
a.ordabMra' Time Tabl. .
- a. m:
Tntlnt run on Pacific Time.
J. UXoms, T. II. Goodman.
. nupefiutomlunt. Gen. Phi's, aud Tkt. Aft.
A. N. Tow, Gouoral Mnnafi-r.
(Arlioaa New Mexleo Kallway.
10:40 a id
, ;l:2f. p
10::tr a in
Xr'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. Cnf too-.'.' .' t'v
Bnth tralu top 3v minuten fordliiner.
P. B. GREAVES,
TtoUoettou aaada for all the State and Terri
LerSjburr . . Now Moiico
A. N. SIMPSON, M. D.
Fhyslefaae aad fftargeoa.
Ofllne tn Rttk) lra- Store, corner of First
ana Hhitkawetu-a strocts, where they can bo
uund at ail business hours, unless profession
Physician and Surgeon of the Southern Pa
M. J. EG AN,
ATT 8.8 KEY AT LAW.
Mm la lb Arlsona Copper Company'! Build
In. West Bide of ltlvoi.
Ollf ton - -rlzcna.
ASHENFELTER & DONAHOE.
ATTORNEYS - AT - LAW
ATTORNEY and COUNSELLOR.
Will practise In all the coarta and land of
lees in the territory.
Prompt attention given to ailj business en
trusted te him.
W. P. TOSaELL, -
j 33 -W E L II E
A Completo Stock of
WATCHES. CI-OCK8 AUD JBWF.LBT.
All Work Warranted.
Demias; ... Mear Mexico
4 AVD WAGÓNMAKER.
HORSS BHOEINQ AND
Lorlmr( ... Mew Mexico
Corral & FeeflStaWe
(West of OUaaen Brother)
The beat attention sjlveo to transient and
toanvportlnt; of freight and gocii of an?
kaad auoe aatitotorll.
ara and ftuuro Has leave the corral every
Tuewtay, Thursday and huiarday morning t
:allurOuld 1MU. 1
EL W. MCGRATH, PROP
EUSSIA SHEET HON.
F. L. Garrison communicates to the
Journal of the United States association of
charcoal workers the following; in regard
to thit tnucb misunderstood question!
There appear to be much misunder
standing in reference to the manufacture
of sheet iron in Rumia, and questions are
frequently asked tbe writer! "Whut are
the secrets connected with it?" "How ii
it made?" "Could admission be obtained
ta the Iron works in the Urali, where vhl
iron ie made?" It i dillicult to lindel
aland why such questions ahonld be nuked
by pertune versed in the literature ot iron
an 1 steel, for Dr. Percy wrote a ery ex
cellent and accurate monograph on the
nutijrct a number of years ago.
Not having had the opportunity of per
sonally visiting the Russian iron works in
the Urals, Dr. Percy's paper was compiled
from data furniuhed him by persons who
had actually visited these sheet iron works.
Siuce it has been my good fortune to have
the opportunity of seeing some of these
works in the Urals but a short time ago, I
will, at the risk of telling an old story,
briefly describe the process of manufac
ture as I saw it. '
The ores used for the manufacture of this
iron are mostly from the celebrated mines
of Malohlagodutj, and average adout the
lollowing chemical composition: Metallic
iron 60 per cent, silica 5 pur cent, phospho
rus fiom 015 to 0 06 per cent. The ore is
generally smelted into charcoal' pig iron
and converted into malleable iron by pud
dling or by a Frcnche-Comte hearth.
Frequently, however, the malleable iron is
made directly from the ore iu varioui
kinds of bloomenes
The blooms or billets thus obtained are
rolled into bars C inches wide, inch
thick and thirty inches in length. The e
bars are assorted, the inferior ones "piled"
and ie-rolled, while the others are carefal
ly heated to redness and cross rolled oto
sheets about 30 niches square, requiring
Iroui eight to ten passes through the rolls.
Thean sheets are twice again heated to
redness and rolled in sets of three each,
care being taken that every sheet before
being ptuxed through che rolls is brushed
ntT with a broom made of fir, and at the
ame time that powdered charcoal is dex
tromly sprinkled between the sheets. Ten
países aro thn made, and the resulting
heats trimmed to a standard size ot 25 hy
56 inches. After being assorted and the
defective ones thrown out, each sheet i
wet with water, dustod with charcoal pow
der and dried. They are then made into
packets containing from 60 to 100 and
bound up with waste sheets.
The packets are pluced one at a time
with a log of wood at each of the four
sides, in a nearly air tight chamber, and
i arefully annealed for five or six hours.
When this has been completed the packot
is removed and hammered with a trip
hammer weighing about n ton, the area of
its striking surface being abou 6 by 14
inches. Ibe tace, of tbu hammer is
made of this somewhat unusual shape in
order to secure a wavy appearance on the
surface of the packet. Af'er the packet
has received 90 blows equally distributed
over its surface it is reheated and the ham
mering repeated in the same manner.
Soma ti me after the first hammering the
packet is broken and the sheets wet with a
mop to harden the surface. After the sec
ond hammering the packet is broken, the
sheets examined to see if any of the sheets
are welded together and completely finish
ed cold sheets are placed alternately be
tween those of the packet thus making a
largo packet of from 140 to 200 sheets. It
is supposed that the interposition of these
cold sheets produces the peculiar greenish
color that the finished sheets possess on
This large packet is then given what is
known as the finishing or polishing ham
mering. For this purpose the trip ham
mer used has a larger face than theothers,
having an area about 17 by . 21 inches.
Wheq the hammering has been properly
done, the packet bat received 60 blows,
equally distributed, and the sheets should
have a perfectly smooth, mirror like sur
face. The packet is now broken before
cooling, each sheet cleaned with a wet fir
broom to remove the remaining oharcoal
powder, carefully inspected, and the good
sheets stood on their edges in vertical
racks to cool. These sheets are trimmed
to regulation si.e, 28 by 56 inches aftd as
sorted into Nos. 1, 2 or 3, according to
their appearance, and again assorted no
cording to weight, which varies from 10 to
12 pounds per sheet. The quality varies
according to color and freedom from flaws
or spots. A first class sheet must be with
out the slightest flaw and have a peculiar
metallic gray color, and on bending a num
bir of times with the fingers, very little or
nor scale is separated, as in the case of or
dinary sheet iron.
The peculiar property of Russian sheet
iron is the beautiful polished coating of ox
idea ("glanz") which it possesses. If
there is any secret in the process it proba
bly lies in the trick ot giving this polish.
As far as I was able to judge, from person
al observation and conversation with the
Russian iron-masters, the excellence of
this sheet iron appeared to be due to no
secret, but to a variety of conditions pecu
liar to and nearly always present in tfi
Rustan iron works in the Urals. Besides
the few particulars already noted in the
above description of this process, it should
be borne in mind that the iron ores of the
Urals are particularly pure, and that the
fuel used is exclusively charcoal and wood.
Another and equally as important consid
eration, lies in the fact that this same pro
cess of manufacturing sheet iron has been
carried on in the Urals for the last hundred
years. As a consequence, the workmen
bate acquired a peculiar skill, the want
of which has made attempts to manufac
ture equally as good iron outside of Rus
sia generally less successful. It is difficult
to understand what effect the use of char
coal powder between the sheets, as they
are rolled and hammered, has upon the
quality. It is equally as difficult to under
stand the effect of the cold finished sheets
upon the production of the polished coat
ing of or.ide. The Russian iron-masters
seem tn attribute the excellence of their
product more to this peculiar treatment
than. to any other cause. One thing is
quite certain, there is no secret about the
process, and if the Russian sheet iron is
so much superior to any other, it is due
to the combination of causes already in
dicated. ALIEN MUTE 0WMERS.
From tho Albuquerque Cltizon.
The senate committee on mines and
mining has made its report pursuant to a
resolution adopted at the last session of
congress, instructing that committee to
inquire into the matter of ailed ownership
of mines in the territories of the United
States. This inquiry was fnado in con
nection with the subject of alien owner
ship of lands, it being contended that
there was a very great difference between
a foreign individual or corporation owning
a uiiae and owning a largo tract of land;
aud the report. bears out the contention.
The Sun Francisco Chronicle says it is
shown that over $20,000,000 have been in
vested by aliens in the mines of the terri
tories; that known dividends amounting to
$4.700,000 have been realized from
these investments, and that the
probable gross product of the
mines has reached $0O,C00,0C0, all of
which, except the dividends, have been
expended iu this country for labor, ma
chinery and materials. The report con
cludes that the use of foreign capital in the
territories has been equally beneficial with
domestic capital in aiding the develop
ment of mines, and that no good purpose
would be subserved by excluding aliens
from owning mines in the territories.
In other words, Senator Stewart's com
mittee does not recommend killing the
goose that lays the golden eggs. If for
eign capitalists want to put their money
into mines in the territories. Senator
Stewart, who has some personul experi
ence in mining, wili do nothing to prevent
them; and he and bis committee are clear
ly right. It must be borne in mind that
no mining claim taken up under the laws
of the United States can exceed 1,500 feet
in length by GOO in width, and that it sel
dom happens that a foreign corporation
desirous of buying mines can find a con
tiguous group of locations. The surface
ground then that they can obtain is trifling
iu extent, and is generally worthless for
any purpose except mining. So that, the
most they can do is to take out and carry
away the hidden treasures. Aad if the
most they can do is to put in $20,000.000,
take out $50.000,000 gross and carry away
only $4,000,000 in dividends, we are not
hurt very much.
For two years i bad rheumatism so bad
that it disable me for work, and confined
me to my bed for a whole year, during
which time I could not even raise my
hands to my bead and for three months
could not raise myself in bed; was reduced
in flesh from 192 to 86 lbs.; was treated
by best physicians only to grow worse.
Finally I took Swift's Specific, and soon
improve. After a while was at my work,
and from the past five months have been
as well as I ever was all from the affects
of Swift's 8pecific. John Ray.
Ft. Wayne.Ind., Jan. 8, 1889.
Swift's Specific is a purely vegetable
remedy, contains no Mercury, Potash or
other mineral, is harmless to the most
delicate infant. Our treatise on Blood and
Skin Diseases will be mailed free,
Tub Swikt's Specific Co.
Drawer 3, Atlanta, Ga.
Finger Came OUT.
My little son, five years old, was afflicted
with a disease for which the doctors bad
no name. The nails came off his fing. rs,
and his fingers came off bis bauds up to
the middle joint. For three years he has
suffered dreadfully, and has taken quan
titis of medicine. He is now getting well
under treatment of Swift's Specific.
Penn, Ind., Jan. 12, 1889.
Prospector: The probability of George
Hearst and associates getting hold bf a
large copper property at Bisbse is border
ing on an almost certainty. Reveral prop
erties have been bonded to them and that
they will take hold of them is almost be
Varíen Items of News Gathered from Oar
Kxchanges and other Souroe.
Las Vegas Hot Spring's WaifB! Medical
men are often asked if aaafoetida is a reli
able prophylactic against small pox? Si,
seflor. If A. wears asafoetida and fears
small pox and B. wears small pox and
fears asafoetida, B. will naturally shun A.
and keep such a distance from him that
small pox will not be communicable. The
foetod drug bus Its uses, lt is said to be
good for the breath.
Optic: Five weeks ago yesterday
Charles Turner came, to Las Vegas from
New Haven, Connecticut, and his pa
rent, at home bade him good bye, firm
ly believing that he had come here to die.
In fact, did not believe he would be able
to reach here. He was, upon bis arrival,
so weak that he could scarcely walk the
distance of a block. Me has recovered so
that he can take exercise all day, ride
horse back, aud even perform work.
The county of Dofia Ana has instituted
mandamus preceding against commission
ers of Sierra county to compel them to levy
a tax with which to pay the amount of the
ludgment, about $14,000, rendered
ngainBt Sierra in favor of Doña Ana,
J. C. Evans was shot and dangerously
wonnded nt Globe last week by John
Newman. The shooting grew out of a
law suit over a niiniüg claim, and from the
account of the affair given in the Silver
Belt Newman acted in a cold-blooded and
A mad-dog made things lively at the
ranch of Dr. Owen, near Felsom. He bit
two other dogs and also a tine Hereford
bull belonging to the doctor. At last he
Wis checked in his mad career but not un
til he had done considerable damage.
Las Vegas is going to have an electric
Last week Fannie Oliver, colored, killed
a colored soldier at the hog ranch near
i'oit Grant aud escaped.
The Black Diamond coal mine nt Gallop
cnt wages ten cents pvr ton and the miners
A man, giving his name as R. Otto of
Denver, committed suicide at Albuquerque
last week. The city marshal thinks he is
Fifty Thousand Dollar Tascott, the Chica
News-Rogister: The man who will
start a poultry ranch in this vicinity this
spring, will feather his own bed hand
somely. An acre or two of oats sown early
this spring will furnish good green pasture
for them, nnd if the season proves propi
tious, feed for them later on. No enter
prise requiring little capitive than poultry
rising here where a good market may al
ways be found. From personal observa
tion the Nous Register can state that
poultry are healthy here and can be raised
with as little trouble as aud where on the
Commissioner Milleisen purchased a
70,000 pounds sale for the country records
at Chama. It cost $1.000, and is big
enough to hold all the records for the next
A colony of farmers from Rutland, Scr
geut county, Dakoata, has arranged to set
tle in Colfax couuty this sprug.
The meanest man up to date was reent
ly discovered by the Gazette in Pheuix.
His name is Soiftkins. He sold Junes a
half interest in a cow and then refused to
divide the milk, maintaiuing that Jones
owned the front end.
Socorro is having a temperance boom.
Considerable coke is being shipped south
Some very fine gold nuggets have been
washed out lately by Mexicans working in
Cold Spring gulch, not half a mile from
Rustler: Tbe owners of the Cerrillos
coal nines are loading about ten cars of
the black diamond daily, aggregating 170
tons, and cash value about $475. Ibis is
a neat little daily revenue. The hauling
of the coal from the mines to tbe cars, be
tween two aad three miles, gives employ
ment to a large number of men.
II. G. Bell, a G. A. R. man or Galves
ton, Texas, asks bis comrades throughout
the country to assist liitn in finding his son.
Waiter Everett Bell, who mysteriously dis
appeared from his home in Galveston on
March 8th, 1888. If alive ho is now
eighteen jtars old, has lightish hair,
blue eyes, large straight nose and is slim
Hillsboro wants a hospital.
All the employes of tbe morning paper
in Albuquerque have signed the temper
ance pledge, and expect to establish a na
tional bank iu a few weeks.
The fast mail between New York and
San Faancisco is now made in 113 hours.
Steam and rails have made a great
adridgetueut of time.
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral possesses power
ful healing qualities, which manifest them
selves whenever this remedy is employed
in colds, coughs, throat or luugs troubles.
Its anodyne and expectorant etTtets are
promptly realized. It is a chemical success
and medical triumph.
. G. 0.
Eeal IE3st at t e,
I amales a specialty of B3ttlln.gr people
on Gt-ox exnment Land.
Itoom for thousadns to take homes on Government Land, with plenty of Water, Tlmbef
and Feed for Stock.
The Climate and Soil Is equal to the best lb California, ' '
Apply or write with stamps to -
LORDSBÜRG GRANT COUNTY NEW MEXICO
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL BUTCHERS
Raring tho best facilities In the Southwest wo are prepared to furnish customers with
In any quantities and at reasonable prioeS.
Markot on First street, opposite
LORDSBÜRG - '
O- ZEa. S m. 3T t In. ,
Frailer and Dealer In Heayy Hardware
STEEL, PICKS AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,
POWDER, CAPS AND ÍTSÜ,
HAY AND GRAIN AND BLACKSMITH'S COAL,
Xjord.sToirg" - USTe-w Te3dco
Suc'y and Trcas.
C. C. FITZOERALT,
Prest, and (Jen. Mens?
PAID UP CAPITAL
BUYERS OF SILVER, LEAD AND COPPER ORES. WILL MAKE ASSAYS,
TESTS AND REPORTS IN ALL CLASSES
OFFICE El Paso Tozas, Nos. 8 and 4 Branson Block. WORKS Cotton. Avenue, El
Biita Jict & ClassGD,
llllil 8 REAL ESTATE AGENTS
Eagle Drug Store
FANCY ABTICLES. I
rr THE EAOI.K
Southern Pacido dopot, south side.
. - NEW MEXICO
O. E. FITnaEHALD,
, - IS.
DRUiJS "STATI GÜÍHt I
1 . - j I
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