Newspaper Page Text
z MOSAIC DISEASE ATTACKS CUCUMBERS Cucumber Mosaic Discate Produced by Transferring to a Healthy Plant Aphlds From a Mosaic-Disease Plant Note Warty and Mottled Fruits. Prepared by thf United States Ilepart ment of Agriculture.) - A new disenso of cucumbers, known as the mosaic disenso, lins appeared during Uio past few years In commer cial greenhouses and In fields whero cucumbers nro grown for pickling pur poses. The dlseaso has been known longest nnd Is now most widespread and severo In the middle West, where the industry of growing cucumbers for pickling Is centered, portlcularly In the states of Michigan, Wisconsin, In diana, Illinois nnd Minnesota. Recent investigations of the disenso lmvo re sulted in the discovery of Its nature, that it is closely related to mosaic dis eases of other plants, and the present indications arc that It can bo con trolled by the introduction of sanitary measures and Insect-control methods. Further experiments with control measures are being carried out. Appearance of Diseased Plants. The mosaic disenso is commonly known In Michigan, Indlnna nnd Wis consin ns "white pickle." In Mlnnc- quito similar In its principal symptoms to those found In the field, tho princi pal differences being that the dlseaso appears to lio more virulent, many of the plants wilting and dying. Nature of the Disease. The mosaic dlsense belongs to tho same cías us the mosaic diseases of tobacco, potato, tomato, poko weed and other plants, which have been known for some time. The exact cnuse of this class of trouble has not been dis covered, but it is considered to bo what is known ns the filterable virus, an agent of Infection which Is so finely di vided thnt it will pass through n por celain filter and still retain Its ability to reproduce tho disenso when injected Into healthy plants. The snp or juice of nny portion of a diseased vine, if in jected into a healthy vine, will pro duce the dlsense. The period of Incu bation, that Is, tho timo which elapses from the Inoculation of the vine to the first visible symptoms of the dlseaso, In the greenhouse is from seven to Plant in a Field Badly Affected by Mosaic Disease Lead Pencil Shows Relative Size of Plant Note Runners Very Much Dwarfed, With Small, Wrinkled Leaves, Also Very Warty Fruit. sota it is commonly called "nubbins." Tho disease Is characterized In the Held by definite plnnt, fruit and leaf symptoms. When plants arc attacked while very young, they nro markedly dwarfed by the action of the disease, growth is slow, the runners nro very much shortened, the leaves are corre spondingly reduced hi size, the plants blossom sparingly, and the amount of fruit is very much reduced. When old er plants become diseased the principal visible effects nre on the subsequent growth of vines and fruit, the vino tips nnd lenves being dwarfed nnd mottled nnd the fruit malformed ns described elsewhere. The lenves of dlsenscd plants are dwnrfed, often curled nnd wrinkled, nnd usually lutve a mosaic or marbled appearance In which areas of light and fourteen days, while In the field it is usually fourteen to twenty-five dnys. The agencies of transmission of the disease from diseased to healthy plants ure doubtless many. It has been defi nitely proved that plant llco trans ferred from diseased to healthy plants will carry the disease. It is highly probable that other insects will be found to act as carriers. It is also practically certain that tho disease is spread by pickers when harvesting the cucumbers. Control Measures. Judging from tho nature of the dis ease and from the preliminary expert' ments thus far carried out, Ule remedí' al measures Indicated by our present knowledge are (1) the eradication or control of Insect pests which net as carriers of tho disease, and (2) the application of sanitary measures to eliminate the sources of Infection. To be most effective, theso metlrtids must be carried out by all the farmers of a community. Rigid Insect control measures should be started as soon as the plants are up and continued throughout the sea- son, especially previous to tho begin ning of picking, and all mosaic dl sensed plunts pulled and destroyed, as well as plants with which they have come In contact. Owing to the fact that greenhouse conditions nro much more completely under control thun field conditions, it would seem an ensler task to control the disease there. As previously stnt ed for field control, all disease plants should be pulled and destroyed ns soon as found nnd the Insects should be erndicntcd to prevent their spread ing tho disease. ESTIMATE BUSHELS OF CORN Fruit From Plant Affected With Mosa ic Disease Misshapen, With Large and Small Warts of Dark Green, Re mainder of Pickle Mottled Light and Dark Green. dark green alternate. In some cases the leaves brown and dio buck from the tip. The fruits are very conspicuously af fected, being dwarfed, more or less mot tled or blotched with ureas of darker green on a background of light green, grconlsh yellow, or almost white. Ia the most decided cases tho green areas nro rnlsed nnd appear ns dcflnlto wnrts or protuberances, sometimes of consid erable size, and the fruits take on mauy abnormal shapes. In some cases tho fruits nre n most white, heneo tho nnrao "whl(o pickle." This nnmo prob ably is duo to u confusion of this dis eased condition with tho whlto or al bino plants which typically heur white colored pickles, and which havo been known to occur occasionally In fields for many years. Tho discoloration nnd warty condition of tho fruits, which often appear on cucumbers not moro than an Inch or two long, render them unfit for pickling purposes, so that in addition to the great reduction in yield caused by the disease, many, if not all, of tho fruits produced by diseased vines aro unmarketable. In tho greenhouse the dlBeaso 1b Amount of Grain In Bin or Wagon Bed May Be Found by Following Rule Given Herewith. To find tho number of bushels of grain In n bin or wagon bed tho fol lowing rule will glvo a fulr estimate: Multiply the cubic feet (length width and depth) by For greater nccurncy ndd onc-hnlf bushel for ev- cry cubic foot. To find the number of bushels of corn In u crib divido tho cubic feet of the crib (length, width and depth) by 2. In this ense It is estimated that a bushel will occupy space equul to 2i cubic feet, which Is about correct, TREAT HORSES WITH MANGE Clip Affected Parts and Wash With Solution of Coal-Tar Dip Re duce Feed of Animals. For horses nnd colts affected with mange the following treatment is rec ommended: Clip tho affected pnrts and then wash with a 1-50 solution of coal-tar dip ns often as found neccs sary and each time of washing rub flowers of sulphur on the parts whllc tho skin is yet damp. Slightly reduce tho feed of tho animals and seo that they receive abundant exercise. To prevent a spread of tho affection dis infect tho harness and uso whitewash freely la the stable. FOR HOT WEATHER SIMPLICITY IN CLOTH E8 18 NOW MUCH IN DEMAND. And Here Is Where the One-Piece Frock Justifies Its Continued Pop ularity May Be Made at Home at Small Cost The woman who searches anxious ly for clothes that can be slipped Into easily In summer weather, avoiding tho tedious accessories thnt nre de manded by the usual method of mid summer d rowing, finds the one-piece gown n joy, for It Is built on one lin ing, and that of coarse white net which not only washes but Is cool. She can slip the thing over the shoul ders, adjust the girdle, and life Is sim plified. Only the Inordinately vain or fastidious woman would Imperil her nervous system by exhausting herself In the trifles of dress when the ther mometer Is making things unpleasant In the morning. Life may demand otherwise for certain hours and occa sion, but In the house nnd before the afternoon, surely then, If nt tiny time, womun should be free from the fret of adjusting a multitude of clothes on her person. Another choice of hot weather frocks which is to bo commended as it shows u normal attitude of mind ns to what fabrics go with what tem peratures, is for two-piece frocks of wnsh silk In narrow stripes. Blue, yellow, green and lavender against n white background nre the selected colors. The smart dressmakers nre nsklng $75 for theso costumes. Including a belt of the material elaborated with pearl buttons, which seem to have suddenly found favor with thoso whom fashion clothes because Franco sent over a black satin coat with a cream lace skirt, the sides outlined with two rows of these white orna- ments; but It Is not even necessary for u woman to have an especlnlly good seamstress to accomplish one of the "seventy-fives" nt u third the price. The blouse Is cut like n mannish skirt with plaits In front und buck, the sleeves ending In broad turnover cuffs of white silk ; the shirt Is slight ly full nt the waist, and laid In broad horizontal tucks around tho figuro; the hem clears the floor by so many Inches thnt one wonders If wo nre to Attracted the other day to bin Incu bator by n promising "peep, peep," Fremont I.outisbury saw emerging from a shell a little hall of fur with n hnlf-chleken uHinpdde. Tho whole fowl wns perfect. The half fowl had no wings, neck or head. Otherwise It was all u chicken should be. I.ounsbury explains the birth of tho chicken and n half In a most convinc ing manner. He says that some time ago -jnc of his hens was run over by a motoreyclo with n side enr nttaehed. lie did not think much of the accident nt (ho time, but now recalls that tho unfortunate hen wns the one that laid tho egg that produced the chicken nnd n hnlf. Therefore Lounsbury asserts thnt chickens also uro subject to pre natal Influence. White Voile With Embroidered Serge Vest. wnlt until autumn Is established by the calendar before we see the return of the heralded long even skirt. The collar Is n sweeping affair of white silk that rolls well down over the chest. Theso gowns have taken the place of tho ever popular jersey cloth In tho wardrobe of several women who havo monotony In the wearying repe tition of the same fabric, usually made up In the same manner. And ah excellent quality of wnsh silk Is one of the mntcrlnls which never leuve regrets. (Copyrlglit.'1916, by the McCluro Newspa per Syndicate.) TAKE PROPER CARE OF EYES No Woman Can Be Really Beautiful Who Neglects This Most Impor tant of Duties. Most of us neglect our eyes until they nre In such u dangerous state that we must core for them. How many read In poor light, sleep with the light streaming In on tho eyes PETER PAN HAT The model is a charming one In a combination of straw and velvet The lower part of the high crown Is of velvet. The upper part Is of fine woven straw. Two ribbon feathers are jauntily slipped Into slits on either side of the hat. or strain them In the sunlight when bathing nt the seashore or motoring 1 How mnny of you bathe the eyes dnlly? The dnlly eye bath Is one of the most important nnd essential pnrts of every person's Ufe. None would live In n house with unwnshed windows. But we will go yenr ufter yenr with out washing the windows of the soul When one considers how n clenr. sparkling eye adds to the attractive' ncss of a face, one realizes that the best of cure should be given this sens! tlvc organ. I am told by physicians that indiges tlon, nervousness, headache and other ailments arc often the result of weak, strained or tired eyes. Many women do not know their eyes aro not normal; muny are too vain to wear glasses. They prefer to disrupt und upset the entire system rather thun wear u pair of glusses because they look better without them. If the trou ble Is taken In time tho glasses need never bo worn In public. The eye bnth should be tnken In tho morning nnd before retiring. The cyo cup fits over the open cyo und the wa ter will wash It out. Soft or distilled water should bo used. A pinch of salt thoroughly diluted strengthens the eye nnd rests it. Or boric acid Is ulso a good eyo wash. The cup must be well cleansed before using on either eye, Sometimes one eye will be Infected while the other is quite well and the eyo cup will curry tho Infection, un der no conditions should more than one person use the cup. If one enn spuro the timo after wiishing tho eyes It Is wise to lay a damp cloth over them und He down for ten minutes. When rending one should nlwnys sit so that tho light comes from tho bnck or over the left shoulder. Tho book or puper should be held ubout two feel away. If one must hold the book nearer or further nwuy to rend with comfort nn eye specialist should be visited. I want to remind you of tho danger for those who rub tho eyo with tho hnnds or lingers or handkerchief, Muny causes of eyo trouble can be traced to them. Chlcugo rews. STYLES CALL FOR SIMPLICITY Elaborate Hair Ornaments Have Passed Completely From the Ken of the Modern Woman. Very eluborato hair omnments nro no longer In vogue. Simplicity rules, u fuct which Is appreciated by tho woman who has really pretty hnlr. Fillets or tiaras or sets of Jeweled pins and combs are not needed when tho coiffure is beautiful In Itself. A simple hnlr ornument which is in vogue at tho moment Is a polgnard of Jet Jet Is vory effective in tho hair, especially of blond or red-brown locks. One polgnard seen recently was of Jet and rhlnestones combined and set In alternate lines. Boudoir Jackets and caps are daintier than ever Just now, but all these fluffy prettlneases for tho bed room must be washable to be practical. Cleaning Is costly, und tho Inundry must suffice for the womun of aver ago means, so that Is the reason ono well-dressed girl has chosen Neptune satin for her boudoir. "hul only can It bo washed," she says, "but it may even bo boiled." Hers Is of blrd's ogg blue und Is trimmed with luce und tassels and work over n petticoat of flounces of lace. For Youna Girls. In tho evening the more dluphanous tho dresses of the young girls, tho moro becoming they are. and scarves of tulle of every color uro twisted round the figure and neck, just as a nrettv woman knows so well how to adjust them with the most satisfac tory results. HEN FREAK BREAKS RECORD One of Wisconsin's Biddies' Hatches Chicken and a Half Out. Eggs lied Cross Bar Bine makes the liundren happy, makes clothes whiter than mow. All good grocers. Adr. No Complaints. Secretary Daniels was talking about the splendid morale of the American nuvy. "Tnko the matter of work," he said. 'The men work like Trojans. No where docs such nn endless round of work go on us In our navy. "I asked n hoy apprentice once If he hud any complaints to make. ' 'No, sir, the boy answered, look ing up from his work. 'No, sir; no complaints. Only It's like this, sir they keep on making you keep on.' " WHY SUFFER SKIN TROUBLES When a Postcard Will Bring Fres Samples of Cutlcura? Which give quick relief for all itch ing, burning, disfiguring skin troublos. llatho with tho Cutlcura Soap and hot water. Dry and apply Cutlcura Oint ment to the affected part. They Btop Itching Instantly and point to speedy healmcnt often when all elso falls. Froo sample each by mall with Book. Address postcard, Cutlcura, Dept. L, Boston. Sold everywhere. Adv. Druggist's Hard Luck. An uumteiir poultrymun received n shipment of fancy perfume atomizers for the holiday trade. After he had tried a few on his friends and had arranged the stock on the shelves ho went home to suy good night to his liens und to gather what eggs hud been laid during the day. He reached Into one nest and felt fur, which turned out to be fur of a genuine willow pussy in the full Hush und vigor of young pussyhood. Ho says he didn't mind his experi ence In the chicken coop half so much as he does the foolish comments of business acquaintances who keep talk ing ubout "fuunul ntomlzers." Wished Him Well. John O. Zepp of the circuit court, who Is known to his friends ns "Jack," tells one ubout u I. :ro funeral oration which ho nvcrhen "The preacher, uno wns wenrlng tho conventional silk high hut, white vest nnd Prince Albert coat, didn't be lieve In being stingy with his bless ings. He begun by blessing tho corpse, then he blessed the pulllicarers, the members of the family of the 'dear departed brother,' tho mourners, the neighbors, und everybody, In fuct, ho could think of, und ended with this exhortntlon: "An', good Lord, bo merciful nnd bless Mlstnli Miller, tho undertaker, nnd may his business evnh ho prosper ous." St. Louis Globe Democrat. Just Like Swine. Little Lemuel Suy, puw, lint does it mean when a man takes the lion's share? l'uw It's u polite way people have of Insinuating thnt he Is acting like n hog, son. WOMAN HAD NERVOUS TROUBLE Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound Helped Her. West Danby, N. Y. "I havo hod nervous trouble all my Ufo until I took Lydia .Pinkbam's Vegetable Com pound for nerves and for female trou bles and it straight ened me out in good shape. I work nearly all the time, as wa lire on a farm and have four girls. I do all my sowing and other work with their help, bo it shows that I stand it real well. I took the Compound when my ten year old daughter cama and it helped me a lot I havo also had my oldest girl take it and it did her lots of good. I keep it in the house all tho time and recommend it." Mrs. DEwrrr Sincebauqii, West Danby, N. Y. Sleeplessness, nervousness, irritabil ity, backache, headaches, dragging sen sations, all point to female derange ments which may be overcome by Lydia, E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. This famous remedy, tho medicinal ingredlenta of which aro derived from native roots and herbs, l&a for forty years proved to be a most valuable tonic and invigoratorof tho female organ Ism. Women everywhere bear willing testi mony to tho wonderful virtue of Lydia E. PInkham'a Vegetable Compound. llllllllllluatMiiillliilill PARkER'O HAIR BAL8AM A toilet promotion ( rit, ITelpa to vredle&t dandraQ. ForRMtorinc Color uj Scanty toCray or Fodod Hair, ioe. and ILCO at PwHrti TYPHOID U no more ncMtry thanSmillpox, Army taper lenco hat deroonftrated the almost mlraculooa effi cacy, anil herralennm. of Antityphoid VarrlniUm. Be Tacclaated NO W by r phyilclan, roa and your family. It li mora Tltal than bouia Insqrance. Aik your phrtldan, draczUt. or lend (or liara you had Typhoid!" telUnz of Typnotd Vaccine, letulu from ui , and dancer from Typhoid Carriers. nm arrrcB laboratory, DtsnatY, cal raoayciaanAcciui a iiiuaiuaaia h. a.aor.uctaia Too Tolerant. Ulsliop Conrad said ut u dinner In Newport News: "Some folks regard their sins In too generous und tolerant a wuy. They're like Cnl Clay. "I said to Cal one day: ; 'Calhoun, my man, (etieral Doug las has positive proof thnt you looted his chicken house last week. 1 should think you'd be ushmucd to tuke com munion ufter such u ruscally deed us that.' " 'Mali goo'ness, sab,' said Cal, re proachfully. 'Ah wouldn' let u few measly chickens stand 'twlxt mo un' tie Lawd's table.' " Satisfactory Explanation. He recently returned from a hunt ing trip with a Hue ruhhlt which he fuld lie had bagged. It Is to he recalled that ho won I. running match lust .summer. This wns when he Inadvertently stepped upon the stomach of a gentleman who had burled himself In the snud for u sun bath, und the man pursued Id in with evident Intention to violate tho lnw ugnliist creating u disturbance. His friends, to whom ho exhibited the rabbit with sumo pride, comment ed on the circumstance thnt It showed no murks of shot. Their suspicion that It was caught with u ferret was re moved by the explanation: "I ran It down," ho said. Like a Book. Mr. Yeast They say before lie mar ried he studied Ids wifo like u book. Mrs. Yeast And now he's married to her he tries to shut her up and put her on a shelf. Ho has no force with men who lias no faith In himself. HaiMn lip A package of New Post Tonsties provides servings for ten people a delicious breakfast dish corn flakes with new form and new flavour. New Post Toasties are known by tiny bubbles raised on each flake by the quick, intense heat of the new process of manufacture. They bear the full, true flavour of prime, white Indian corn, not found in corn flakes of the past; and they are not "chaffy" in the package; and they don't mush down when milk or cream is added, like ordinary corn flakes. Try some dry a good way to test the flavour, but they are usually served with rich milk or cream New Post Toasties Sold by Grocers everywhere.