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INFANTILE PARALYSIS HAS LONG BEEN A PUZZLE TO SCIENTISTS Oisease Which Has Collected Awful Toll of Children Is Caused by ' Minute Organism That Attacks the Spinal Cord and May Turn a Healthy Baby Into a Cripple Over Night Picks . Strong and Well Children in Preference to the Weak. New lork. Tlif roiwtltloii known as Infantile iwrwlyiilH I the rtwult of nn nttark by Mil orjtanUm or minute mni stte on tli content of tha sptnttl oortl, Into which It tiiHktw its way. Tins Vpinal conl bernuiw Mint with blood amt the tmtwory mid motor colla, aa they are called, become llMrsunled fltl UriiVsii. A liMllhy-bnliy mny bo turned Illfo n cripple over nlislit by tin llMtMb which for n long time I n filed tliA Most export klll In therapeutics. Dr. Simon Flwciier, head of the )UMfefe(lr tlwUtnte. and the man wjGe discoveries In connection with Ilia (T)Uflfe hare pi ven him nn Inter national reputation, detlnrus, reporta the New York 'llinea. that, according to all record, infantile pnralyslB awms "to pick the strong and well ihtldren In prefurenco to the weak. VlRoroua health seeuis to be no pro tection iRiiInst the dlsense." "The Infectious npent enters the body chlotly, It not esdutdvoly. through Uio mucous meiiihrnnea of the no.se and throat," be anys. 'Poliomyelitis, or Infmililc lairalyala, nffecta chlolly, but not oxchifclvelj. young persons; It nwy alul not Infrequently does affect adulta and no iirc Is absolutely free of danger of Infection." Doctor Klexuer appeared before n meeting of physicians In trooklyn and explained to them how the disease could ho contracted. The virus of Infantile paralysis ex ists In the secretions of the nose and throat and In the Intestines." be said. "Hence the mode of .spread mny be by kissing, oughing, and sneezing, whlcli carry the secretions of the nose and throat from one person who may be Infected to other persons. "Since the disease attacks by prefer ence young children ami Infants whose naml and mouth secretions are wiped away by mother or nurse, llio lingers of these persons reiidlly become con taminated. The care of other children by persons with contaminated lingers may. therefore, lead to tho conveying of the Infectious micro-organism Indi rectly from the sick to the healthy. ThlsMlanger also exists In connection with vendors of food which Is eaten uncooked. The existence of cases of Infantile paralysis in the homes of ven dors of food Is, therefore, a perpetual miner of danger. Dissemination cm be unirlo by means of house liles. As to Treatment. "Treatment Involves Isolation of the acutely ill, proper care and destruction of contaminated discharges, supervi sion of persons In contact with the III and of all vendors of food, exclusion of nit (lies, and general sanitary con trol of tiie personnel and habitations of fatuities In whlcli tho disease exists. "No age Is absolutely free of danger or Infection, although Infantile paraly sis alTccta chlelly young persons. It not Infrequently affects adults. More over, as Indicated, the disease Is one that can bo communicated by healthy jiersons who have been la contact with the sick, but who are themselves well." iteports of clinical cases Indlotto that the onset of the disease Is likely to be insidious. I'nrentR paying little hoed to slight spasms In their children are In duo timo shocked by the slow withering of limbs and the beginning of a slate which In many Instances Is In distinguishable from physical helpless ness. Then, when It Is too late, the nuestlon or contagion Is raised. On this last point. Doctor Flexner has written: Of Infectious Origin. The Idea of contagion In respect to epi demic poliomyelitis I t.ot a new one. but appeared In the literature of more than a qunrUr of a century oko. nnd of lato ha twen frequently Invoked. Tho clinical eounte of the disease Indicated an Infec tlous orlRln, but up to very recent times no convincing knowledge concerning the na ture of the agent cuiulng infantile para lysis existed. The epidemic of 1907 In this country, in France and In CJermany led to u renewed study of the nature of the In fection In the course of whtrh tho more subtle Mid recont method of bacteriology war employed. Theee method Iv1 almost simultaneous ly. In the United fltnlee, by Doctor Lewis and myself, and In Prance, by Landstein or nnd Levadltl. to the discovery that the Infectious agent whs an extremely minute iHtcro-orgnnlitm that readily passed through the pores rr earthenware filters and constituted, therefore, an example of the so-called filterable vtruse. of which at the present tinte several examples are known to cause Infectious diseases In man and the lower animals. The filterable nature of the virus has now been con firmed wherever the subject has been ac rtirately Investliiated On acquisition of the fact of the nature of this virus, nnd of the further fact, on whlr.i the discov ery of the nature of the virus actually dependa, that both the higher and lower loettkeys are subleet to the experimental disease, rest lite recent great bdvames whlcli have been made In tho Inveitlgatlon of Infantile paralysis. Proved by Experiments. Rxperlntunta with monkeys conduct d with extreme care proved that In fantile paralysis could be transmitted from one patient to another. Tho di sease, moreover, la caused by a most minute organism or germ, us the popu lar phrase has come to be. "It Is. ao fur na we can now Judge, onei of the most minuto organisms known to cause díñense," saya Doctor Kluxncr. "This conclusion follows from 'lie fact that In aqueous suspen sion, such,a la secured through pre paring an emulsion of the spinal cord In distilled water, It passes with great readiness nnd little or no loan of po tency through the pores of the densest and fluent lorceluln (liters, nmncly, the so-called Chnmborhind (liter. It I in SSI's with even greater case through the somewhat less denso llerkofeld litter. It Is extremely doubtful wheth er the virus has actually been seeu. On staining film preparations of the filtrate with mordanting dyes, prepa rations are secured which under the highest powers or tho microscope ex hibit minute points, circular or slightly oval In form, which possibly, although not certainly, represent tho stained parasite. Filtrates Highly Potent "When the filtrates are examined under the dark microscope. Innumer able bright dnuclng points, devoid of definite size nnd form, and not truly motile, can be discerned. Thnt these particles represent tho micro-organism of poliomyelitis cannot be ntllrmed. since similar particles are present in filtrates obtained from nervous and other tissues which can be viewed also "as consisting of simple protein matter. 1 "The nitrates are highly potent. Quantities as small as one one-thousandth to one one-hundredth of it cubic centimeter sufllco to cause the disease In monkeys after the usual lucuhntoti period, when Injected Into the brnln. The virus is highly resistant to cxter- Dr. Simon Flexner. nal agencies and conditions. It with stands glyccrimttlnu for weeks or mouths, very much ns the virus of vac cinia or rabies does. It withstands dry ing over caustic potash for weeks with out any or marked reduction In poten cy, showing a greater degree of resis tance than the virus of rabies." Doctor Flexner has discussed the di sease before numerous medical socle ties, both In this country nnd Kurope, and tifo following paragraphs uro tak en from some of his papers: A Living Organism. That the virus Is a living crganlsm must bo concluded from the fact that such mi nuto quantities of It suffice to carry infec tion through an Indefinite series of ani mals. We have propagated the virus now through 2 generations, representing a separate series of monkeys, and ns many removes from tho original humnn material supplying It, and tho activity of the virus for the monkeys has Increased rather than diminished In the course and as tin result of tho successive transplantations Whether tho virus has been or Is to be cultivated outside of the body Js still ao undecided question. The spinal cord of a paralysed monkey always contains the virus we are consid ering. If a earners hair pencil or pledget of cotton Is covered with somé oí the broken up tissue" of Such a cord and painted upon the mucous membrane of monkeys these animals will develop In due tfme the pnralysls and other symptoms of poliomyelitis. The éhléf terror of the disease lies In Its appalling power to produce deformities. When death does occur It Is not the re sult, as In many Infections, of n process of poisoning that robs the patient of strength and consciousness before Its Im minence, but Is caused solely by paralysis of the respiratory function, sometimes with merciful suddenness, but often with painful slowness, without In any degree nbncurlng tho consciousness of the suffo cating victim until Just before the end is reached. No moro terrible tragedy can 1 witnessed. The employment for treatment of tho Immune serum, taken from monkeys or from human beings, exercises a definite It not very strong protective action upon In oculated monkeys. Klther the disease Is prevented altogether, or Its evolution is modified In such a. manner as to diminish Its severity. When tho virus used for In oculntinn Is highly adapted to the monkey nnd thus very virulent, It Is more dlfnoult to control the result than when It departs less from the original type and Is less ac tive. How It Acts. The Immune serum has thus far acted be when It was Injected Into the sub dural space on several successive days. This Is In conformity with the fact 'thnt however introduced Into the body the vims establishes Itself In communication with the cerebrospinal liquid where It propagate for a time. I-utcr the virus hx-allies In the nervous tissue ttself nnd becomes accessible not from this liquid only but, probably, from the general blood a'eo. The serum Introduced Into the subdural space soon mcapeti Into the blood: and thus a double action Is secured; on the one hand It reaches the nervous tissue di rectly from the cerebrospinal liquid, and on the other Indirectly with the blood. An immune horse serum at first gave disap pointing results, but latterly Its employ ment by Intramuscular Injection has given more promise. The point of departure which we have adopted Is the drug hexamcthylenamln. (urotrcptn.) which possesses a degree of antiseptic nrtlon In the body nnd Is known tn be secreted Into the cerebrospinal liquid When the drug Is administrated by mouth It can be detected by chemical tests In the liquid In a shurt time. When Inoculation of virus and administration of tho drug aro begun together nnd the administration continued for some days afterward, the development of the para lysis is sometimes but not always averted. Hexnmethylcnamln lends Itself to modi fications by the addition of still other antiseptic groups to Its molecule. We have tented n large number of such modifica tions and have found certain ones to ex ceed the original compound In protective power, nnd others to promote the onset of paralysis. None Is wholly without some degree of Injurious action upon the sen sitive and vital organs of the body. But manipulative skill has already succeeded In eliminating the objcctlonablo and Im proving the valuable features of certain drugs so that (hey exert action but little upon the organs and severely upon the parasite, when they become useful thera peutic, agents. Power May Return. In the less severe cases of Infantile paralysis only a group of muscles un dergo complete paralysis and atrophy, and there Is always hope of some re turn of power in n paralyzed limb. As sociated with the withered condition of the llmh due to the muscular atrophy Is an enfeebled circulation, rendering the limb cold, blue and livid; the nu trition of the bones and other parts Is Involved, so that a liáib paralyzed In arly Infancy does spt grow and is shorter than Its fellow. In Scandinavian countries the di sease Is prevalent and sometimes ns sumcs nn cpldenn: form, whereby ono Is led to believe thnt It is due to nu Infective organism. IScglnnlng In 1907, or thereabout, a pandemic of the dlscnsc arose. The United States, Austria. Germany, and latterly France hnvo certainly had epi demic outbreaks. It Is considered a matter of significance that the original foci of tho epidemic disenso In tho United States, occurring In the summer nlno years ago, were among the At-' luntlc seaboard states, and that the two centers of population most seri ously nffected were Greater New York and Itoston. The particular point of Importance In this respect nrlses from the fact that thoso two centers of pop ulation receive flrst nnd In tt most con centrated way tho Immigrant popula tions from northern nud eastern Europe. IMPROVISED WELL IN MEXICO Oe Interés para toda la gents da Nuevo Mexico, An iiiiiowhctj well tieur Held heudquurtera ul thu Aiuuricuii hum.' cuuip in Mexico. The United Status soldier IB vtrsutlle, Ilu can get himself out of almost any predicament with only the nutural resources of tho country ut bis command. The water secured from thu wells Is of bcttei quality than that found In tho wutcrholcs and rivers. , AO. U11AIIAK tlonAlll, VIOe-tTCSIUCBI, iv. i,. Tuuijisr, vioo-rresiaent. EDClAn W. KAT8KU. Cashier. WAITKR M. nüTLBll. Asst. CBl O. T, MOOUK Asst. Casalsr TIIE- First National Bank , ZE23Li PASO, TESCAS UAriTAli AND HUItl'I.US , S 00,000 nttrosiTs 4,koo,oo TÍTaalted. Stettes Depository 4 percont. interest paid on Savings Accounts. Correipondoiioo Is invited from those who oontem pisto opeoinr InltUl or additional accounts tn Kl Pato. Assets &6.00CX000 Deposits made by mall arc promptly acknowledged. SCOTT'S GARAGE The Ford Agency Roadsters, Touring Cars A Full And Complete Line of Accessories At All Times Official Agents For "Pep" Daily Stage Line Between Lordsburg, Tyrone And Silver City. Save Time And Money Xwvtwwwvkwvwwwwwii vmoOnawuwvwmvwO! w ate ... ? mane tour Headquarters at the Vendóme jEEotel LORDSBURG, NEW MEXICO Steam Heat. Hot and Cold Water. Electric I Iclita. 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Marsalls, on the first and third SATURDAY of each month for the convenience of clients MORNINGSTAR & AUGUSTINE Insurance Leading Companies Scottish Union, Firemen'j, Connecticut HOME, PALETINE Your Business Solicited Custom Assay Office Critchett & Ferguson Assayers-Chemists-MetalluTgisfs REPRESENTATIVE FOR ORE SUirFERS P. O. Box 712 El Paso. Texas. P""""tmiaiiiaMHwa Feed & Livery Stable I JONES & BURNS lloardlnir stock irlTen rood attention. Transferring- and draysire. PHONE 14-2 f I Dr. R. E. BUVENS DENTAL SURGEON. Office: Drown Block rrramld St. Permanently Located. LOUDBBCBO, NEW MEXICO. VVVVVVVWVVVVVVVVVVVVVV! \n\n NOTICIAS DEL ESTADO WeAern Newnpsper Union News Service. Nuevo Mexico. Antonio Romero, un Indio do Tnos, íuó mordido por un crótalo. Koswell tondrfl, su torneo de tennis r.nual de ciudad en el mes da agostó. Una visita en un cierto lugar do puego do "monto" en lloswcll pro curó dos arrestos. Unn Instalación completa para una estación central telefónica en Tularo sa ha sido ordenada. So reporta en Columbus que ol ro glmlento de Nuevo Mexico tcndrA un cuorpo do ametralladoras. Los compradores ostfin ahora pa gando $12.50 la tonolada por bono do alfalfa del valle do l'ccos. So esta formando on Clovls una compañía para la fahricnclón de una invención de cortar hierba. Manuol Ulvora do Tierra Amarilla, sucumbió íl un ataque de rabia causa da por la mordedura do un lobo. La planta de Larkspur, espuela do caballero, esta' anisando la muerto do muchas rosos on ol vallo de San Juan. Los cantineros de Demlng tendrán quo pagar una í!cncla de $1,000 al arto en vez de la de $4B0 anterior monto. Ossle Trayelstad, hijo de ocho anos del Sr. y la Sra. J. F. Trnyclstcad do Logan, sucumbió & una mordedura do un crótalo. Los ciudadanos de Grady han vo tado una emisión de bonos de $5,000 para la construcción de una nueva casa de escuela. Las esperanzas para una bella cose cha do frijoles en el condado de Tor raneo son mejores de lo quo han sido desde hace muchos míos. El ayudanto general Herring ha nombrado ciorto número do oficiales del primar regimiento de lu guardia nacional de Nuevo Mexico. El hijo de siete anos de Manuol Otero do manzano sufrió un accldonte muy singular, habiendo perdido los párpados superióres de ambos ojos Doscientas veintidós entradas so registraron on la oficina federal de tierras públicas durante el mes do Junio, representando mils de 44,000 acres. La nueva armería do la guardia na cional en Carlsbad cstíl casi com pletada, y probablemente estará lista para ocupación & partir del 15 do agosto. Las autoridades militares han com prado varias secciones do tierra al norte de Columbus y los soldados es tarán acampanados allí tan pronto co mo sea posible trasladarlos. Guy G. Doty de Las Vegas ha in scrito una petición en bancarrota en la corte federal de distrito en Santa Fe. El representa eu crédito on $4C4.G4 y su débito en $381.42. Los que hablan en favor do caminos en el condado de Quay se están agi tando ahora para la construcción do un camino grando hacia ol este desde Porter hasta la linea de TexaB. José Mcleundo, un empleado de la Compañía de Fuerza Motriz do Silver City, fué matado por una corrionto de electricidad mientras trabajando en un túnel en que habla dos pies de agua. TucumcarI reporta el negocio may or de hu historia durante el mes do Junio. Un total de 24,492 carros do mercancías y 2,425 coches de pasaje ros pasaron por esa ciudad duranto ol mes, lo que hace un promedio do 885 carros por día. El Gobernador McDonald anunció el nombramiento do Charles G. Iledg coele do Las Vegas á la comisión do tasación do estado, sucediendo ésto á Herbert ,W. Clark, que dió su dimi sión. Scrpato Lobato, un obrero emplea do en la limpieza do máquinas, quo fué Injuriado en Las Vegas por la demolición de parte dol tejado do la casa de máquinas en Santa Fé, es muerto. Unas querellas repotldas, causa das por dlscusslonos políticas do su pals natal, resultaron c-n la muerto de Angelo Calulll y el Arresto do An tonio Carrezeolll, mineros italianos en Koehler. Luis Baca, un hombre do 25 6 treinta anos do edad, recibió un tiro, on Delén del que murió Instantánea mente, de la manos do la Señora Vinconte Daca, cuya edad es de hacia 25. La Junta do Comercio de la Mujer en Santa Fé ha pedido al consejo de le ciudad una apropiación do $50 al mes con el fin do ayudar á la organi zación en mantener la biblioteca pub lica do la ciudad. Tan grando ha sido el aumento de tráfico do automóvil pasando por Ago, condado de Torrance, que so deberá emprender el mejoramiento de los caminos. El ingeniero de estado ha sido noti ficado do la terminación de dos pu entes de acoro en el canon do Tijeras, al esto de Albuquorquo sobro el Camino Ileal. El ferrocarril del Santa Fé dentro de ppco comenzará la construcción la un nuevo paradero en Dayton, para reemplazar ol nuero que fué destruido por un incendio, SntTA B. nArtíOLDg. Presidía .