Newspaper Page Text
Arizona's State Land Problem
May Comfort New Mexico 7 An interesting comparison of the polices of state land admin istration as they have been work ed out in practical operation in New Moxico and Arizona, is con tained in a recent editorial in the El-Paso Herald, which is ur ging upon Arizona the impor tance of a more liberal policy in the leasing and sale of its state lands, to the end that develop ment of the state, and parti cularly of its livestock industry may proceed. The editorial, published in the Herald on De cember 4, follows: "As recently pointed out, Ari zona has nearly 3000,000, acres of state land which, under pres ent'conditions, cannot be sold or leased. It is nearly all grazing land and the constitutional pro hibition against sale or lease of more than one section or G40 acres to any one applicant makes it impossible to dispose of this land to cattlemen. They cannot use one section alone unless it happens to lie tributary to other lands in which they have title as owner or leasee and in practical ly all such instances they have made taeir purchases or leases. This leaves a great body of land idle and without prospect of revenue either to the state or to any iddividual. It has been ur ged that the legislature at its next session should submit to the people of the state a consti tutional amendment to raise the purchase or leasing limit of state lands from one to ten sections, which would permit stockmen to buy or lease enough state land to provide an adequate fange for at least a small herd. "Now Mexico has not this pro blem now, but is threatened with it. Under the state constitution there is no prohibition agains.t sale or leasing as much land as a buyer desires. While Arizona has sold but 302,990 acres of state land, New Mexico has sold 1,100, -000 largely because of the ab sence of these restrictions. The Ney Mexico land commission has received in the past year $1,125, 000 from the sale, and lease of state lands, of which $400,000 came from sales and the remain der from leases. "Against New Mexico's $1, 125 000 annual income from sales and leases may be placed Arizona's revenue of $104, 42o i rom leases, $48,750 from instalments on pur chases, and $89,969 from interest oh deferred payments. The dif ference is marked, it might be argued that since New Mexico was first to receive statehood, its land department was sooner en gaged in disposing of state lands But on the other hand it must be remembered that Arizona has a marked advantage in being able to offer state lands at a lower price. Congress fixed the mini mum at which state lands might be sold at $5 an acre east of long itude 105, and $3 an acre west. That places about half of New Mexico in the $5 an acre class while all of Arizona is in the $3 class. As a matter of fact, in the sale of over 330,000 acres of state land, the New Mexico office received an average price of $0.68 an acre. "New Mexico is now threaten ed .with Arizona's problem be cause of well-authenticated re ports that an agitation is under way to bring before New Mexi co's legislative session a measure limiting sales and leases to one section, which is the very limita tion which Arizona now recog nizes the need of abolishing. "The argument in favor of the limitation u advanced that with out the restriction a relatively few men of means may step in and buy great tracts of land as rapidly as they can produce the money, thus acquiring for them selves most of the 12,150,000 acre of state land and depriving citizens of small means from ob taining land. "There isanother matter which dosorveg thought before the vo téis of New Mexico undortake to .i- i ... ueciue wnemer or not tney de sire to limit land sales and leases. The annual income, which now is $1,125,000, practically all coes to the support of public schools una other state educational insti tutions. The income will be de creased if the limitation isaifixed, for while the land already sold naturally would not be affected, leases would be reduced. A man leasing 10 or 15 sections now could lease only one section then. The chances are that he would not lease at all, for one section of grazing land would be insuili dent. Furthermore, future sales and leases would be very greatly ; reduced. "The point is, that if the reve nue which the school system de rives from the state lands were reduced, the schools would con tinue just the same but the money for their support would have to come from increased tax ation. Also, New Mexico would be placed in Arizona's predica ment, left with a large body of state land in an unproductive itate and with no one to buy or lease it." MINES AND MINING STEINS ITEMS F. P. Perry, leasing on the Hamilton, has made one of the richest discoveries ever made in this part of the country. He has been cross-cutting for the contact between the lime and the diorite, and when he hit the contact dis covered a body of copper ore that assays better than 20 per cent copper. His cross-cut is now in seven feet and no indication of the footwall. The crqss cut is in solid ore. This contact can be traced for four miles, and runs through the Bethlehem Com pany's ground the full lencth. GOOOft., and is now being opened by this company with trenches for to determine where the ore comes to the surface, as the ore, which is a heavy sulphide, is only 25 feet deep where discovered by ferry. Nick Treagear and Pat Con nolly have just opened an ore chute on the Merrimac, which is eighteen inches wide and assays $200 per ton in gold, silver and copper. The cropping shows this chute to be 160 feet long. The tunnel level where the ore was struck gives them a depth of 100 teet. Clou-Itnan & Bradford are gett ing out a shipment of high grade silver-lead-zinc ore, which assays d0 per cent lead, 28 per cent zinc and 15 ozs. silver. This ore is coming from a shaft 60 feet deep and is the high grade out of a vein 25 feet wide. The Carbon Hill Company has struck some very high grade lead silver ore' and are now cross cuttingfihe vein to see how wide it is. This company is well equipped with a neat prospecting plant, hoist, compressor, etc.. and are working a small force of men. Sweeping Order to Relieve Cowmen in Texas and New Mexico Santa Fe, N. M.. Dec. 31. At the request of the United States Food administration the priorities committee has issued a sweeping extension of its order of Nov. 22 for the relief of the cattlemen in the drouth-stricken areas of New Mexico and Texas. The new or der which went into effect on Nov. 30, gives priority in car supply and transportation to all points in these states for supplies but specifically excepts from the order live stock and perishables, human food stuffs, railroad sup plies and material, coal and ship ments for the government. New Mexico is Hard Hit by Drouth How -wide and persistent the drought in New Mexico is, can be gathered from the report by the United States weather bureau During November, the report says, practically one-half of the state, from the Rio Grande west ward, was without nrecinitation. or had but a mere trace. Only the northeastern counties had precipitation that approached the normal. Over much of Colfax, Mora, San Miguel and eastern Union, the showers were suffi cient to prove of great value to fall-sown wheat, but elsewhere little or none occurred and the drought remains unbroken, com pleting the thirteenth month of light precipitation for the state, during which period the total average amount has been only ton inches. Little snow fell last month. A depth of six inches occurred over northeast Colfax and northern Union counties. An increased acreage of winter wheat is ronortod. A pnnswW. able part of the grain sown has not come up, but that which is up is generally in fair condition, although needing moisture. Late fall work continued through the month under favornhlo vvnntlm conditions. Stock is thin in many localities, range poor, water short and the outlook for the later sen. son discouraging. FOR SALE Threo sections Improved school land in Andrews county, Texas, Will tmde for horses. E. B. Poole. Gage, New Mex. 2t CORRESPONDENCE IIACH1TA ITEMS The new year was ushered in with the usual amount of noise. Miss Shumakor, primary teach er here, spent a few days in Hon dale this week. Miss Dndgen is spending the vacation with her parents in Ala mogordo. The Misses Farrow are spend ing the holidays at their home in Hondale. Miss Wilhelmina Parker, who is attending school at Safford, has been spending thoTiolidays with her parents at this place. Her aunt, Mrs. Dawson, and three of her girl friends, the Misses Olga Young, Hazel O'Brien and Lillian Graham are spending the vacation with her. Miss Lucille Weisiger enter tained a number of her friends at a delicrhtful New Year's nnrfv Tuesday evening. There was a wafcnh nnrfw nf fVio church Monday night. A good time was enjoyed by all. Mrs. Frank Rrnwn is linmo after spending several days in Roland Parker, who is attend ing the State Colleire. N. M.. is spending his vacation with his parents at this place. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Bud Par ker, Dec. 28, a girl. There was a Red Cross dance Thursday night, which added more than $50 to the fund. Music was furnished by the 12th Cavalry band. Charlie Edmonds is laid up with measles. Mr. Mason, who was severely burned by the explosion of a gas oline lamp several days ago, has blood poison in both hands. He was taken to the hospital at El Paso. The Rev. Fred Francis and sis ter, Miss Alva Francis, went to El Paso Saturday returning Mon day evening. REDROCK. The schools are having a two weeks' vacation. Mrs. Kerr, the South side teacher, going to her home on the Animas, and Miss Bliss of the Northside staying with friends here on the river. Mrs. Ed. Head and son Douglas are spending the holidays with relatives at Duncan and Clifton. Mrs. W. E. Conner and Miss Bliss journeyed to Cactus Flat horseback Thursday returning Monday. Miss Olivette Conner and Mr. Lewis Conner left Monday for Mesilla Park, where they will at tend school the remainder of the year. LOCAL & PERSONAL WORTH NOTICING Business for Sale. The Wardrobe Cleaning and Pressing' Parlor. Doing fine business". Shop remodeled. Going into other work. Enquire at Ward robe Parlors. 4t SECOND - HAND Furniture Bought aud Sold. See J. A. Floyd, Lordsburg Hotel FRESH nOXED CANDY.: Always a good, complete stock at. th Owl Club, Geo. O'Conncll, Mrg. Boy Wanted Over- 14 years old. $35 to start. We stern Union Office. Felix Gauthier and O. G. King were here from Animas Wednes day. T. M. Williamson and Walter Foster were in town from nun can Wednesday. Volney Leonard, El Paso Cattle Loan man, has been in town sev eral days this week. Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Hamilton were visitors here Thursday. Mr. Hamilton was employed at the Pyramid mines over 20 years ago, and this is first return visit to Lordsburg, The Hamiltons are now living at Tucson. Leo Latten and Laura Bray of Phoenix, Ariz., were married by Justice Marsalis on Tuesday. Mrs. W. M. McGrath and fam ily returned to Silver City Tues day after a pleasant holiday vaca tion here at their old home. Miss Mary McGrath is visiting her grandmother at Alamogordo and was not along on the trip. Mr. and Mrs. F. V. Bush re turned home Wednesday from a short trip to Los Angeles. J. E. Sligh, who recently filed on a tract of land in the Animas, arrived here the last of the week but is leaving owing to the high altitude. Dr. R. E. Buvens has been called east on business and will return home some time during the coming week. L. W. Simpson a California mining man has arrived here and will locate permanently, being in terested in local mining property. Mr. Simpson is from Chester county, Cal. Miss Frances Kelly is here from Oklahoma City owing to the ill ness of her father, who is now much improved. Mrs. H. D. Wright and son Clarence and daughter Mrs. Gau thier, of Animas, were visitors here the past week. Mrs. Wright leaves Friday for Mesilla Park where Glarence is attending school, and Mrs. Gauthier will return to Animas the first of the week. Mrs. W. H. Small, chairman of the War Relief Committee, has called a meeting of the committee at the High School on Saturday atternoon. Mesdames Crocker, Gass, Foster, Roberts, are mem of the committee. H. O. George of Salt Lake City is here installing and managing new electrical equipment at the Borderland Garage. Advertise ment of this line of work appears in this issue. Justice C. W. Marsalis is now qualified to issue licenses' under the Government Explosive Act. mmmammmmmmmmmtmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm I Join our álf Byl' Increase vour deposit mW 61? Pf-fJ J?jh. week. c- ,you will have BAKERY SPECIALS Cream Puffs and Macaroons are Saturday specials at the Lordsburg Bakery. SPECIAL TODAY:Whitman's candy received this morning. Samplers in the lot. Fresh from the factory. OWL CLUB. FRESH CIGARS: We always have brands of cigars at the Owl Club, on hand an excellent line of the best Geo. O'Connell, Mgr. I DR. F. A. CANON í piTTonnn a n ran K Now In New Office o and Residence 8 The Wright House g Two Doors South b ofChriStian Church N 8 4:00 p. m. To 8:00 p. m. Soossgccos:sooscucoooc DO YOU KNOW It take 3 three minu tes to tighten a loose wire IF YOU KNOW WHERE IT IS But 5 neglected it costs .$15.00 for a new field coil. Thousands of dollars arc? spent for guess work. WHY GUESS WHEd MAZDA IS SURE AND FAST It has. cost us SOME manoy J 1 of money to install this Eléctrica WIZARD. But it will save you SOME moacy - a lot of money Because it honestly.quickly arid surely losates the TROU BEE in your Electrical Starting- and Lighting System. We charge, you $1.00 for makings complete electrical test of your car The Borderland Garage BEES HAVE MONEY BECAUSE THEY ARE WISE AND SAVE. YOU CAN HAVE MONEY BY COINING OUR CHRISTMAS BANKING CLUB. SO CAN YOUR CHILDREN. 10 CENTS, 5 CENTS. 2 CENTS, OR 1 CENT-IS ALL YOU NEED TO START WITH. YOU INCREASE YOUR DEPOSIT THE SAME AMOUNT EACH WEEK. IN 60 WEEKS. 10-CENT CLUB PAYS $127.50 B-CENT CLUB PAYS 63.75 2-CENT CLUB PAYS 25.50 1-CENT CLUB PAYS 12.75 OR, YOU CAN MAKE THE LARGEST PAYMENT FIRST AND DECREASE YOUR PAYMENTS EACH WEEK. OR YOU CAN PAY IN 50 CENTS, SI. 00 OR S5.00 OR MORE EACH WEEK AND IN 60 WEEKS HAVE 526.00 $50.00 OR $250.00 COME IN AND LET US TELL YOU ABOUT IT. WE AD H PER CENT INTEREST. The First National Bank The Town Band--- Makes Sweet Music, But the Carpenter's Hammer Sounds Sweeter When He Is Building Your Home. Let Us Furnish the Material Either For That New Home or to Repair That Old One. . Estimates Cheerfully Furnished. The Lordsburg Lumber Co. BEGINNING THE NEW YEAR FRIDAY NIGHT--Tonight--MOVIE STUNTS Wildest of the Wild West, Showing How the Movie Stunts Are Done t SATURDAY--' 'THE GREAT OBLIGATION" Essanay Drama, A Big Feature ' ; t SUNDAY"HIS TRUST and HIS TRUST FULFILLED" by the Famous Biograph, the Leader of Them ALL MONDAY-"THE AMERICAN GIRL SERIES With Mariam Sais NEXT THURSDAY WE RESUME THE METRO BIG FIVE REEL FEATURES Better Pictures Than Ever THE STAR THEATRE \n\n xüi raso.