MAKE BEST BANK NOTE
JNCI.E 8AM'S PAPER MONEY CON
Central and South American Republic
Regard It at Model Policy of
United State In Fighting
To say that Americans make the best
bank notes in tbe world may sound
at first rather
yet any his
tory of the
art and indus
try of note engraving which failed to
record that fact would be incomplete.
Paul Revere was the first American
bank note artist, and from the time of
tbe chartering of the Hank of North
America under the direction of Rob
ert Morris, 1781. up to the present,
American engravers have excelled not
nly in the artistic quality of their de
signs, but in their provisions against
The American style of bank note
has become the standard in the coun
tries of Central and South America.
Tbe experience of the Brazilian gov
ernment led the way in this, after
(Various disappointments. First the
much vaunted Austrian system was
tried, the notes being engraved and
Drinted In England under that system.
They proved a complete failure. Coun
terfeiters flourished. The Brazilians
tried bank notes made in France, and
these were promptly and extensively
Imitated as soon as the counterfeiters
eould get their plates and paper ready.
Brazil tried German and English estab
lishments, but still without securing
protection to the. bank note circula
tion, and at last turned to the United
'States and found a type of bills prac
tically impossible to counterfeit. So
It is no boast but a mere record of
fact to state that Americans make the
ifcest bank notes in the world.
The governments of continental Eu
rope depend exclusively upon color
work to protect their paper currency,
nd several of the large banks of Is
sue have elvtl engineers in charge of
their bureau of engraving and print
ing though what connection there
may be between engineering and en
graving Is a mystery. Many Italian
bank notes are easy to counterfeit
The Bank of Spain has of late aban
doned Its own plant, because its notes
were Imitated so successfully that
counterfeits were accepted by the
tiank without question. A private con
cern now does the work. The Bank
f Greece now uses the American
method, having had sad experiences
With notes of Austrian, German and
A myth thiil probably will never die
tells us that the notes of the Bank of
l""e;land canno' be counterfeited. As
si matter of fact, they can be Imitated
readily enough, for little attempt Is
made to protect tbe notes beyond the
use of a water nark paper. The wa
ter mark can be easily copied. Never
theless, the shadow of the hangman
still seems to deier English counter
feiters. The custom ot circulating soiled
bank notes, of course, gives the coun
terfeiter his best opportunity. For
gery is much more readily detected
tn a crisp, stiff, new bill than in a
rumpled and dirty one. The United
Washing Paper Money.
States government recently has begun
to wash old notes, press them and re
store them to circulation.
In China the provision against for
gery is simple to the point of severity
"Counterfeiters hereof will be ex
ecuted. Persons giving information of
counterfeiters will be rewarded with
taels 250, and, in addition, will re
ceive the property belonging to the
Another great government has
placed much dependence upon death
as a deterrent to imitators of lis
promises to pay. When Jacob Perkins
of Newburyport, Mass., invented the
method of transferring designs from
hardened steel plates to steel cylinders
smd retransferring to flat plates, thus
enabling the engraver to devote the
time necessary to accomplish his best
work in the original and reproduce it
At will, the new process aroused in
ternational interest. Mr. Perkins and
bis associates went to London In 1819,
at tbe Instance of the British minister
at Washington, to help the Bank ot
England Issue notes not easily coun
terfeited. But the conservative old
bank refused to adopt the new method
preferring, as one of the Americans
said, to rely upon the hangman rather
than the engrave'- Nevertheless, the
English began in time to follow Amer
GIVES VARIETY IN DESSERT
Almost Numberless Are the Possibili
ties When a Freezer Is Article
of General Us.
Now that freezers are to be had at
a price so reasonable that every one
can afford to have one, no family
should be without one, as the height
of dessert excellence is reached In
many frozen sweets Impossible to pro
cure in any but the largest city con
fectioneries. In fact, in most com
munities and in the rural districts it
is even impossible to get a simple ice,
the only thing available being ice
cream, in perhaps vanilla and choco
late flavors. With a freezer at home
a variety of creams as well as ices,
frappes, etc., is possible, and one has
the satisfaction of feeling that the
best and cleanest materials go into
them and they have a delicious
"homey" flavor Impossible to procure
In creams or Ices procured at the
stores. Listed below are a numDer or
tested recipes, and also hints to to
the cream used in ice creams, ana
method of making the cream. If you
want the rich, full-bodied delicacy
known as Philadelphia Ice cream,
scald half the cream used. This por
tion of the cream will Increase slight
ly in quantity when freezing, while
the raw cream will almost double its
bulk. Ice cream made from scalded
cream Is too rich for most tastes and
unnecessarily costly, while, on the
other hand, Ice cream made from all
raw cream is neither so smooth nor
so rich as when half scalded cream Is
used. For freezing ice cream the ice
should be smaller than walnuts and
mixed with rock salt, two portions ice
to one of salt. After cream la frozen
It can be kept hard by covering with
larger pieces of Ice over top of can,
using half as much salt as when
freezing cream. Be sure to keep waste
hole in tub open during this time.
Too large ice or too little salt while
freezing means extra labor and but
tery, greasy cream, and too much salt
makes coarse, watery cream. Water
ice or frozen fruit will not freeze so
readily as ice cream, therefore use
larger proportion of Ice and finer Ice.
Fresh fruits for flavoring should be
mashed or cut fine a few hours before
using and mixed with sufficient sugar
to sweeten and draw out the flavor.
All fruit flavors should be added to
cream when partially frozen, to avoid
any chance of curdling.
Chaudfroid of Salmon.
Use for this one can of salmon or
an equal amount of cold boiled fish.
Flake, removing skin and bones. Mix
in a bowl a teaspoonful of flour, a tea-
spoonful each of mustard and salt, a
few grains of cayenne, one egg light
ly beaten, a tablespoonful and a half
melted butter, three tablespoonfuls of
vinegar and three-fourths of a cup of
rich milk. Cook over hot water until
the mixture thickens like a soft cus
tard. Stir constantly at first and keep
close watch to take from the fire as
soon as thickened. Overcooking cur
dles. Add a tablespoonful of gela
tin that has been softened in two ta
blespoonfuls of cold water, then dis
solve over the teakettle. Add to the
fish mixture and turn into one large
mold or individual ones. When ready
to serve turn out and garnish with let
tuce, sliced cucumbers or pimentoes
as preferred. Serve with mayonnaise,
French dressing or cucumiier sauce.
Mutton and Eggs.
Put cooked mutton, free from sinew
or fat, through the chopping machine.
Mix with it pepper, salt, one table
spoonful of butter and one cupful of
stock, put It on the fire in a sauce
pan to warm well, but not to bo'.!.
Have some very hot, well seasoned
mashed potatoes ready, free from all
lumps, and mixed with three table
spoonfuls of hot milk. Make a wall
of these round the dish on which you
are going to put your mutton. Poach
three or four eggs, taking care they
do not break. Put the mutton inside
the potato wall and place the eggs
neatly on the top of the mutton.
Serve hot. This is a delightful change
from ordinary mince.
There is one little suggestion to
make to the housekeeper. Never buy
fruits, vegetables or meats that are
out of season. This simple rule follow
ed out carefully will keep down the
expenses greatly. It is such a temp
tation to buy the first box of straw
berries to be seen in the market, the
first shad, the first asparagus, toma
toes done up in tissue paper that peep
out so alluringly! Those same dain
ties later on will be had almost for
the asking. Therefore form the hab
it of resisting all table delicacies that
are out of season, and buy Instead
only those that are. You will save
many dollars as the year runs on.
Bran for Matting.
Instead of salt water some house
wives use bran for cleaning matting.
A bag of cheesecloth Is filled with
bran; this is moistened from time to
time and the matting scrubbed with
it After the bran wash the mat
ting is wiped off with a fresh cloth
dipped in salt water.
A Garden Hint.
To keep the bugs and insects which
infest your trees from killing the blos
soms or leaves, wrap a piece of cotton
around the center of the body, and
cover the cotton with a piece of fly
paper. This is Invaluable. Try it
Use sticky side out
To Clean Screens. ,
To clean wire screens, dampen cot
ton cloth with kerosene, rub both
sides; they look like new; also help
to keep flies sway.
BEAUTIFYING IHE CAPITAL
More Than $52,000,000 Has Been
Spent by Congress In
That congress has been liberal in
Its efforts to beautify Washington is
evidenced by the fact that within tbe
last decade more than $52,000,000 has
been spent in the erection of build
ings, improvements of streets, and de
velopment of parks. If the buildings
now in the course of construction or
contemplated were to be added to this
sum the total expenditures of con
gress woult amount to more than $100,
000,000, a sum which hardly another
city in the nation could equal in a
similar space of time.
According to statements of officials
of the treasury department, the work
done with the appropriations of the
last ten years is of the finest, and will
stand for a century as a monument to
the thoroughness and effectiveness of
the architects and builders in charge
of the construction.
The largest items within the last ten
years were appropriated for the erec
tion of the senate and house office
buildings, the improvements in the
government printing office, the library
of congress, and the National Botanic
garden, all of which are grouped un
der "Capitol expenses." The gross
cost of these buildings amounted to
more than $13,000,000. Next largest
among the Items is the fund devoted
to the extension and improvement of
The new buildings, which bring the
total cost of work to more than $100,-
000,000, are to be those planned Tor
south of Pennsylvania avenue. These
include the state department, the de
partment of commerce and labor, and
the new bureau of engraving and
CHARMING SOCIETY HOSTESS
Mrs. Larz Anderson, Philanthropic
Wife of the Newly-Appointed'
Minister to Belgium.
No hostess in the capital city of the
nation has enjoyed a greater share of
popularity than that given Mrs. Larz
Anderson, whose brilliant husband
formerly in the diplomatic service, has
been appointed minister to Belgium.
They have been married 14 years
While Mrs. Anderson is famed as a
woman of exquisite taste in dress and
as an art critic whose decisions are of
no small importance to the ambitious
painters and musicians in whom her
Interest never flags, it is as a child
lover that she is best known. Al
though she has no children of her
own, her heart Is essentially that of a
mother. This combined with a prac
tical brain has led her to study the
conditions of children in philanthropic
institutions in this country and in for
eign parts. The sorrows of unfortu
nate little ones rouse her sympathy
as does no other subject. A woman
of great wealth she was a Boston
heiress she spends much time and
untold sums of money on the problem
of how best to help the poor. The
submerged part of Boston especially
appeals to her. While she employs a
great army of bookkeepers, secretaries
and managers, she with the sympa
thetic aid of her husband is the execu
The daughter and the granddaugh
ter of men whose names are honor
able In naval annals, it is logical that
Mrs. Anderson should be generous to
seamen. Her lavish gifts to the Sea
man's Home in Boston have raised that
institution far above the level of such
The Anderson home In Washington
is one of the most beautiful in the
fashionable residential section. It is
built on the Italian villa style, present
ing a majestic, sealed front to the
street, while the gardens at the back
are made lovely with terraces, splash
ing fountains and rare blossoms. Mr.
and Mrs. Anderson entertain nearly
every distinguished foreigner who
comes to Washington. It is a certain
ty that their culture and hospitality
will appeal to the people of the Bel
Congressional Record Reform.
Senators and representatives no
longer will have the pleasure of see
ing their speeches grace the .front
page of tbe Congressional Record. A
rule has been adopted and put into
force whereby the regular proceedings
must have first place in the record, to
be followed by the house proceedings;
and speeches which have been with
held for revision must tag on at the
Formerly speeches of this sort had
right of way over the report of regu
lar dally proceedings, and In many In
stances members have held their
speeches for a week or more so that
they might occupy a conspicuous place
on the front page of the record.
OREGON IS IN RESERVE
DISPOSITION OF OLD SPANISH
Navy Takes Steps for Supplemental
Sea Forces on Pacific and Atlantio
Coasts Many Men Needed
on the Ships.
The United States navy department
nas taken the first step toward the
on the Atlantic
coasts by or
dering the fa
mous battleship Oregon and the cruis
er St. Louis to be placed in commis-
join and kept in reserve at tbe Bremer
ton naval station on Puget sound.
There soon will be added to this nu-
ieus the cruisers Pennsylvania,
Charleston, Milwaukee and Galves
ton. On the Atlantic side no less than
ten warships will be commissioned in
the reserve fleet. Probably these ves
sels will be assembled at the Philadel
phia navy yard.
The purpose of creating these re
serves is to find the necessary number
of officers and blue Jackets to man
tbe new battleships and the large num
ber of torpedo boat destroyers and sub
marines soon to come from the build
In the case of the Oregon, which, in
full commission and active service,
would require a crew numbering about
700, from 180 to 200 men will suffice to
keep her in the reserve fleet, ready
for action in case of emergency, the
moment the necessary number of sail
ors could be found to fill out her skele
The reserve vessels will not under
take any cruises, but will He at their
docks or swing from their moorings,
the monotony of ship life for the crews
being varied only by the work of turn
ing over the engines at short intervals
and manipulating the guns.
The flying trip of the scout cruiser
Chester from New England to Haiti to
protect Americans in that quarter dur
ing the revolution has amply Justified
the building of the rapid scouting ships
of this class, in the opinion of naval of
ficers. The Chester, a turbine driven ship,
got her sailing orders one afternoon,
and was able to steam away from
Bradford, Newport, R. I., the next
morning. She struck a gait of 18 2-3
knots an hour and covered the 1,400
miles in three days and three hours,
arriving off Haiti in the evening.
Commander B. C. Decker received
much praise at the navy department
for the preparedness in which he
had kept his ship.
HISTORIC BRADD0CK STONE
Lies on the Outskirts of Washington
at a Place Called St.
The accompanying illustration
shows the historic stone, generally
known as "Braddock Rock." It stands
on the outskirts of Washington, D. C,
at a place called Mount St. Albans,
and marks the rout over which Gen
eral Braddock marched on his ill
fated expedition against the French
and Indians at Fort Duquesne, now
the city of Pittsburg, Pa.
He reached the point marked by
the rock, April 14. 1775, and his army
slowly and toilsomely made its way
through the wilderness until it reach
ed Great Meadows, Pa., where, on the
6th of July, 1755, it was utterly and
overwhelmingly defeated by the
French and Indians. Braddock him
self was fatally wounded in this bat
tle and died July 13, 1755.
Tube System for Capitol.
When the "tube transportation sys
tem" now being installed between the
house wing of the capltol and the
house office building in Washington is
in operation, members of congress
wanting books from their offices while
they are occupying their seats in the
house will be able to get them in
about 20 seconds. Under the present
system, by hand or truck, at least five
minutes are required to get a book
from one building to the other.
If the "tube" system proves a suc
cess it is likely it will mark the be
ginning of its operation between the
group of capltol buildings, the capltol
and government printing offices and
the new postofflce and the union sta
tion. Many minutes will be saved In
the delivery of each package between
each of these places.
White House Guard Dead.
Martin O'Brien, for 18 years one
of the guards at the white house and
for the last ten years as the presi
dent's body guard, being stationed on
the second floor of the executive man
sion Just outside of the president's
suite, died the other day of heart failure.
(ATEH FOR CLASSIFIED ADVER
Flv cents per line each Insertion
istlmsts six ordinary words to s
ms No ad to occupy less space than
wo lines. All advertisements charg
d will be booked at spsce actually
ise, without regard to number of
words. Cash In advsncs preferred.
jomc Number, Main 2.
WANTED A girl for dining room
403 Railroad avenue. tf
WANTED 50 good pullets Ave or six
months old. H. A. Harvey.
WANTED A good cook. Wages from
$40 to $60 per month. Give refer
ences and previous experience. Ad
dress V., Las Vegas Optic.
HIGHER CLASS or better paying em
ploy m en t than that of representing
a leading nursery company 1b not
to be had. If you are ambitious to
better your condition, the oppor
tunity lies before you in entering
our employ. Salem Nursery Com
pany, Salem, Oregon.
FOR SALE All kinds of pigs. J. M.
Ackerman, 124 Commerce street.
FOR SALE At Schaefer's, Red
Blood Albumen to make your hens
FOR SALE 1,000 one and two year
old Shropshire rams, all A. No. 1
stock. C. E. Hartley, Springer.
BUCKS FOR SALE 17 head thor
oughbred Ramboullets and 3 head
thoroughbred Shropshires. A. F.
Corthon, 2 miles east of Las Ve
FOR RENT Five room house partly
furnished if desired. Apply 920
FOR RENT 5 room furnished flat
with modern conveniences. 511
FOR RENT 4 room cottage partly
furnished. Rent cheap. Call '417
FOR RENT Two nicely furnished
rooms with hot and cold water
steam heat, bath, electric lights
and telephone. The Albert Hotel,
Phone Vegas 128.
LOST Fur neckpiece at opera house
Saturday night. Return to Optic.
RED BLOOD Albumen make! your
hens lay. Schaefer's.
Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets do not sicken or gripe, and
may be taken with perfect safety by
the most delicate woman or the
youngest child. The old and feeble
will also find them a most suitable
remedy for aiding and strengthening
their weakened digestion and for reg
ulating the bowels. For sale by all
There is little danger from a cold
or from an attack of the grip except
when followed by pneumonia, and this
never happens when Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy is used. This remedy
has won its great reputation and ex
tensive sale by its remarkable cures
of colds and grip and, can be relied
upon wth implicit confidence. For
sale by all druggists.
For pains in the side or chest
dampen a piece of flannel with Cham
berlain's Liniment and bind It on over
the seat of pain. There is nothing
better. For sale by all drugists.
For coughing, dryness and tickling
in the throat hoarseness and all
coughs and colds, take Foley's Honey
and Tar Compound. O- O. Sehaefer
and Red Cross Drag Co.
TBE LOBBY RESTAURANT AND CAFE
SHORT ORDERS AND REGULAR DINNERS
THE BEST GOODS OBTAINABLE ALWAYS HANDLED
SOCIETY AND BUSINESS DIRECTORY
CHAPMAN LODGE NO. 2, A. F. A
A. M. Regular com
munication first and
third Thursday In each
month. Visiting broth
ers cordially invited.
William H. Stapp, W. M.; Chas. H.
LAS VEGAS COMMANDERY, NO. 2,
KNIGHT8 TEMPLAR Reg
fftfc ular conclave second Tues
Sasw day in each month at Ma
sonic Temple at 7:30 p. m. C D.
Boucher, S- C. ; Chas. Tannine, Re
corder. LAS VEGAS CHAPTER NO 3,
ROYAL ARCH MASONS Regular
convocation first Monday
am each month at Ma
sonic Temple, at 7:30 p.
m. J. A. Rutledge, H.
P; Chas. H. Sporleder,
RANSFORD CHAPTER NO. 2, O. E
S. Meets first and third Fridays in
Masonic Temple. Mrs. Agnes M.
Tripp, Worthy Matron; Tomas B.
Bowen, Worthy Patron; Mrs. Miner
va A. Howell, Secretary. Phone
Main 231, 721 Fourth street.
EL DORADO LODGE NO. 1,
KNIGHT8 OF PYTHIAS Meets
every Monday eve
ning in Castle Hall.
Visiting Knights are
Chas. E. Liebsch
nier, Cha n c e 1 1 o r
Martin, Keeper of
Records and Seal.
PRATERNAL BROTHERHOOD, NO.
102 Meets every Monday night at
their hall In the Schmidt building,
west of Fountain Square, at eight
o'clock. Visiting members are cor
dially welcome. E. E. Gehrlng, presi
dent; Mm Emma D. Burks, Secre
tary; C. Baily, Treasurer.
J. E. ROSENWALD LODGE NO. 545,
I. O. of B. B. Meets every first
Tuesday of the month in the vestry
rooms of Temple Mon.tefiore at 8
o'clock p. m. Visiting brothers are
cordially invited Isaac Appel,
President; Charles Greenclay, Sec
retary. RED CLOUD TRIBE NO. 4, Red Men
Meet in Fraternal Brotherhood
hall. A. M. Adler, Sachem; David
Flint, chief of records and collector
of wampum. Visiting brother al
I. O. O. F., LAS VEGAS LODGE NO.
1. Meets every Monday evening at
their ha'l on Sixth street. All visit
ing brethren cordially Invited to at
etnd. Carl Wertz, N. G.; A. T. Ro
gers, V. G.; T. M. Elwood, Secretary
W. E. Crites, treasurer; C. V. Hedg
cock, cemetery trustee.
Classified ads. search out the people to whom among all
of those who MIGHT BUY the particular thing is worth most.
That property you want to sell is WORTH MOST to some
one who reads the ads. inj this newspaper and would never
hear of your property unless it were advertised here.
Others, who read and answer ads. in this newspaper, want
(and are anxious to find and pay cash for) books, automobiles,
used machinery and furniture, articles of usefulness of any
sort, and musical instruments.
As the classified ads. are read by all possible buyers, of all
possible sorts of things, they have come to be the finders of the
B. P. O. ELKS Meets second and
fourth Tuesday evening of each
month at O. R. C. hall. VlslUns
brothers are cordially invited. Geo
H. Hunker, Exalted Ruler; D. W.
KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, COUNCIL.
..NO. 804. Meets second and fourth
Thursday in O. R. C. hall. Pioneef
building. Visiting members are cor
dially invited. W. R. Tipton, G. K.;
E. P. Mackel, F. S.
MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA
Meet in the forest of brotherly
love at the Fratetrnal Brotherhood
halL on the second and fourth Fri
day of each month at 8 p. m. C. Clay
Consul; G. Laemmle, Clerk. Visit
ing neighbors are especially wel
come and cordially invited.
DR. E. L. HAMMOND
Suit 4, Crockett Building. Has phone
at office and residence.
HUNKER & HUNKER
Geo. H. Hunker Chester A. Hunker
Attorneys at Law.
Las Vegas, New Mexico.
MRS. OLLIE SHEARER,
Masseuse and Midwife.
Phone, purple 52Wi
Residenc 918 Lincoln,
Manicuring and Chiropdy.
LOCAL TIME CAKD
. 9:10 p. m. 9:15 p. m.
.11:05 p m 11:10 p. m.
. 1:16 a. m 1:25 a. m.
. 1:45 p. m 2:10 p. m.
No. 2. .
No. 1 -. .1:20 p. m..
No. 3 6:10 a, m..
No. 7 4:40 p. m.
.1:45 p. m.
.6:15 p. m.
.4:50 p. m
No. 9 6:35 p. m 7:00 p. m.
J. E. Parker, 2021 No. 10th St., Ft,
Smith, Ark., says that he had taken
many kinds of kidney medicine, but
did not get better until he took Foley
Kidney Pills. No matter how long
you have had kidney trouble, you will
find quick and permanent benefit by
the use of Foley Kidney Pills. Start
taking them now.
COUGHING AT NIGHT
Means loss of sleep which is bad for
everyone. Foley's Honey and Tar
Compound stops the cough at once,
relieves the tickling and dryness In
the throat and heals the Inflamed mem
brane. Prevents a cold developing in
to bronchitis or pneumonia. Keep al
ways In the house. Refuse substi
tutes. O. G. Sehaefer and Red Cross
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