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Las Vegas optic. (East Las Vegas, N.M.) 1908-1921, December 15, 1914, CITY EDITION, Image 1

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HIST0RICAL80CITEY
if nW-
i V L i ?
COLD tonight and
Wednesday with fair
skies is the weather
man's forecast.
COMES now a report
that Santa Claua will
be kept outside the
three-mile limit.
U
EXCLUSIVE A88OCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRES TELEGRAPH 8ERVIOE
VOL. XXXVI. NO. 79.
LAS VEGAS DAILY OPTIC, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1914.
CITY EDITIOH
-f
SEBASTOPOL
THE TURKISH CRUISER
" EXTENT OF DAI
ON THE LAND, ALLIES BEGIN
CONCERTED ATTACK ON TOE
0
Teutons Lose Several Trenches to the En
emy, is the Report
BERLIN ISSUES AN EMPHATIC DENIAL OF $10 II Y
Declares the Allied Nations Are Issuing False Bulletins Claiming
Gains Against the Kaiser's Forces Austrians Are Compelled
to Evacuate Belgrade Under Attacks by the Servians
Situation Muddled in the East
The British military authorities announced today that fighting In
northern France had recommenced and that a combined attack by the al
lies In Belgium to the south of Yprea had resulted In the capture of Ger
man trenches and substantial progress.
This is the first occasion In several weeks on which the British author
ities have considered the day-today activities of the allies of sufficient
importance to issue such a statement, London suggests it may mean that
the allies have at last begun their general offensive movement which has
been expected there for some time.
The French statement today covers the same ground as the British an
nouncement and in addition says that some progress has Been made in the
Argonne. There were Indications, however, that the Germans have made
progress' recently toward the eastern end of the line. The French war of-
fice admits that at Steinbach, In Alsace, the German Infantry "gained a
foothold " Bombardment of St. Leonard and of Commeroy by the Germans
also has been mentioned in the last two official French statements. St,
Leonard lies some distance to the south of points previously mentioned in
aocounts of fighting In the Vosges. Commeroy Is about ten miles of St
Milhlel, which has been believed previously to be the southern extremity
of a wedge thrust by the Germans Into the French lines.
Such confident claims have beenmade by the allies during the last
week concerning the success of their new movement against the Germajn
lino that the Berlin military authorities have Issued a Bpecial statement to
contradict them.
The French official statement in particular, however, had a long series
of victories, Including the destruction of a number of German batteries,
the capture of trenches and the rout of the German Infantry along almost
the whole line. The German statements, however, have said that there
has been little activity and today's announcement at Berlin characterizes
the French report of December 12 concerning the destruction of batteries
and capture of trenches as "a pure Invention."
The definite statement 'is mace rin Rotterdam that the Germans have,,
begun, a retreat, falling back in Belgium toward a prepared line farther!
from the coast. Official confirmation was lacking, however. The report
om Nish that the Servians had captured Belgrade was not confirmed
fZ another sources, although it was admitted In Vienna that the Aus
trians had suffered reverses In Servia.
It is announced in Berlin that the Turkish cruiser , Midierli, formerly
'amesserted that Turkey had been forced Into the
war by the hostile acts of Russia, France and England.
t ., tv. 15 The statement is- .recently along the Ypres canal, to the
sued today by the British official b
reau concerning the combined attack
by the allies yesterday against the
German line waa reported in places
as marking the beginning of attempts
to make a general advance. The point
of the combined attacks mentioned in
the statement is to toe sautn of Ypres.
It will be noticed, moreover, that the
statement refers to fighting in north
ern France as well as In Belgium.
This is taken to mean that the of
fensive movement stretches over con
siderable area. It haa been known for
some time that the British, headquart
ers has pushed to the eastward ad
it ls consequently assumed by British
.observers that the allies have made
more progress than has been chroni
cled.
ea.
Tha nomination of Belgrade by the-
Servians soon may have an Important
bearing upon tne situation iu mo van.
should it compel the Austrians to
make a vigorous defensive campaign
along their own borders to prevent a
Servian invasion.
The French Statement
n.,,.;-. nort is The ntnciai state -
meru given out by the French war of-Jtillery with the exception of before
fice this afternoon says the French j Sleinbach, where an attack by Ger
have retained the territory; they; won! man infantry from Uffhqlts was suc-
IS BOMB
ARDED
IAN FORCES IN BELGIUM
west of Hollebeke, in the Argonne and
elsewhere. There lias been artillery
fighting from the Somme to the Ar
gonne and in Alsace. 1 German In
fantry gained a foothold near Stein
bach. The' text of the communica
tion ' follows:
"Between the sea and theLys the
English have occupied a little forest
to the west of Wytschaete. The
ground gained yesterday by our troops
along the Ypres canal and to the
west of Hollebeke has been retained
in spite of a vigorous count er-attack
on the part of the enemy.
"From the Belgian frontier to the
Somme there is notnlng to report.
From the Somme to the Argonne there
has been intermittent cannonading.
I . -. , . . j i : a 1 1. 1 ,
j n,xcepuug in me region ui vruuy hub
.
:ed In the Argonn(s we nave made
HnmA nrncresa and retained the ad-
vances marie Dy us on preceding days,
In tn Voses tn6 railroad "station
st Leonard to the south of St. Die
lias been violently bombarded- by the
Germans from a considerable distance
1 "In Alsace there has been much ac-
, nvitv on tne nart or tne enemv a ar-
BV
HI;
AGE UNKNOVN
cessful" In gainiug ft foothold. We
have everywhere retained the posi
tions wbri previously by us.", .: .
The English Report
London, Dec. 15. The official infor
mation bureau today gave out the fol
lowing statement:
"After a period of comparative
quiet the fighting in northern France
has recommenced.
"A combined attack by the allies
was made yesterday on the line from
Hollebeke to Wytschaete, in Belgium.
Several German trenches and a nun
ber of prisoners were captured and
substantial progress was made..
What Berlin Says
' Berlin, Dec, 15. (by Wireless to Say
ville, L. I.) An official report given
out at headquarters last night said:
"The French have made weak at
tacks against our position between
the Meuse and the Vo3ges, but these
were easily repulsed. There were no
important events on the west front, in.
east Prussia, or south Poland. Our
operations in north Poland are' de
veloping. "Pure Inventions''
"The following remarks are made
regarding Russia and French official
reports:
" 'Southeast of Cracow we continu
ed our offensive. We took- several
guns and machine guns and made
about 2,000 prisoners,' says the Rus
sian statement.
"Not one man, not one gun, nor one
machine gun there has fallen into
Russian hands. , , ' ., v . '
"The official Paris bulletin of De
cemher 12 states:
' ' 'Northeast ''of ''VaflTey Ime'German
battery was completely annihilated and
at Deunouds to the west of Vigneul-
les les Hattenchatel, two German bat
teries were destroyed, one of heavy
caliber and one destined to fight aero
planes. In the same region the French
have destroyed a block house and sev
eral trenches.' ... i
"All this is pure invention."
The Russian Report
Petrograd, Dec. 15 (via Loudon).
German frontal attacks on the Rus
sian line to the west of Warsaw un
der cover of night were successfully
repulsed by the Russians, according to
trustworthy information reaching Pe
trograd from the front today. At
many pohjte along the front, the Rus
sians succeeded in capturing several
German positions.
German attacks were answered by
Russian counter attacks, in which it
i3 said that several hundred prisoners
and one field battery were captured
by the Russians. , During the last
three days of fighting eight machine
guns, two batteries of fie'd guns and
4.00 prisoners have aeen taken. Ex
cept for the night attacks of the Ger
mans there has been little heavy
fighting in Poland during the last 24
hours. Movements were confined
principally to countless maneuvers,
demonstrations and attempts at flank
ing operations by small bodies of Gr
man troops.
According to the Army AJeSiSnser
tho Raman attacks alontr the east
Prussian front, which were conducted
simultaneously with their offensive !n
Poland, failed on account of formid
able fortifications which tho Russian
constructed in fields and forests paral
leling the .German lines.
The correspondent of the Bourse
Gazette In Tiflis states that General
Sanders Pasha, the German military
officer in command of Turkish troops, '
on arriving at Erzerum, ordered the
German engineers to blow up all roads
and mountain paths lending from Has
san Kala to Erzerum. Hassan Kala
lies on the direct line of the Russian
movement against Erzerum. It is 1 8
miles east of that city and 12 miles
west of the main Russian position at
Keprikel. " ,
The Army Messenger states that
the Austrian troops in Galicia expect
that a division of Turkish troops will
be sent to their assistance.
Russian Forces Deserting
Berlin, Dec. 15 (via Wireless to
Sayville, L. I.) The official press bu
reau today gave out the following:
"The Turkish cruiser Midierli (for
merly the Breslau lias oombarded
the port of Sebastopol on the Black
Sea. ' : '
"Vienna newspapers report a mut
iny in the army besieging Przemysl,
Several battalions are said to have
been sent i away in fetters.
"The Turkish' official bulletin says
that the large cruiser Sultain Sellm
(the ' Goeben) bombarded Batum on
December 10, setting fire to the city.
The Russian land batteries returned
the fire without success.
.'(Jonstanjtinopte learns authorit
atively that a Mohammedan upriaiDg
has occurred in the Caucasus and
that 50,000 armed Russian forces went
over to fight against the Russians."
Austrians Abondon Belgrade
Vienna, Dec. 15 (via London). The
abandonment of Belgrade by the Aus
trians is acknowledged in an official
statement given out at array head
quarters today. The stntement fol
lows: "In the southern theater of war the
retirement of our right wing involved
a change In the military situation
which made it advisable for us to
abandon Belgrade, tohich was evacu
ated without fighting.
"Our troops have fought long and
fatiguing battles, but are in the lwst
of spirits." j
German Cruiser Interned
Washington, Dec. J5. A rival of the
German converted cruiser Cormoran
in the harbor of Guam, an American
possession in the Ladrone archipelago,
was officially reported to the navy de
partment today by ( the commandant
of the naval station . there.
The Cormoran neeMed 1,500 tons of
coal to reach the nearest German
port according to Captain W.J . Max
well, naval governor of Guam. She
was offered 100 tons-of coal and fresh
water and her captain was given un
til 10 a. m. todayi '(Guam time) to
decide what his future course would
be. -.:. -'(-'"- ,.s-.i-" -
Secretary Daniels1 hii.4 approved
Captain . Maxwell's an..a,ua,liai J.2;
structed him not to allow the vessel
more coal and provisions than can
be properly spared.
Naval officers here believe the Cor
moran, although described as a con
verted cruiser, is really the unprotect
ed cruiser of that name, a sister ship
of the Geier, interned n,t Honolulu
several weeks ago.
EIGHT IKZERO
NEW LOW RECORD FOR DECEM
BER IS SET BY THIS MORN
ING'S TEMPERATURE
Albuqerque, N. M., Dec. 15 The
thermometer dropped to eight below
zero here this morning, setting a new
low record for December In this sec
tion of New Mexico.
' Four Above Here
The lowest temperature recorded
here this morning was four degrees,
which Is 12 degrees higher than that
at Albuquerque. The maximum tem
erature yesterday was 31.
n. Temperature Coming Up
Kansas Ciiy, Mo., -Dec. 15. High
temperatures prevailed generally
throughout the southwest today. The
wind had veered from the north to
the south, the sun "was shining and
the mercury at many points was ris
ing at the rate of a degree an, hour.
in Missouri, Kansas, .,, Oklahoma.
Nebraska and Iowa the rise in 24
hours was from 10 to 15 degrees, while
in Texas the government readings
ranged from four degrees higher at
Amarillo to four degrees lower than
yesterday at Corpus Christi. The
mercury at the latter point this morn
ing stood at 28 degrees above zero,
the lowest December temperature for
years.
Atchison. Kan., reported the lowest
reading to the local government weath
er bureau, the mercury reaching three
and a half degrees below zero there.
At Kansas City, Des Moines and Con
cordia, Kansas, four degrees above
was recorded.
Omaha, Hutchinson, Kansas and
Springfield, Mo., reported six above:
Dodge City 12; Amarillo 1G; Oklaho
ma City 18; Wichita and Dallas 20.
ALBUQUERQUE
WILL ROOSEVELT
GO BUCK ON
il
WELL KNOWN AVERSION TO GIV
ING HIS OPINION WILL
BE TESTED
CONGRESS WILL CALL HIM
WILL TRY TO DRAG SOMETHING
OUT OF HIM REGARDING .
THE NAVY
IS PREPARATION SUFFICIENT?
FORMER PRESIDENT WILL
ASKED TO GIVE VIEWS
ON EFFICIENCY
BE
Washington, Dec. 15 Colonel Roose
velt doomed up today as a possible
witness before the aouse naval com
mittee in its investigation as to the
preparedness for nat.onai defense. At
today's session Representative Hob-
son pressed Chairman Padgett, to call
the former president, and after some
discussion the question was left to be
decided in an executive session of the
committee.
"Why invite him?" demanded Rep
resentative Buttler.
"He was the assisrant .oretary of
the navy and president and a commander-in-chief
and has been in a po
sition to know the facts about national
defense," returned Mr. Hobson, who
protested that his suggestion was be
ing treated in a "cavalier" way.
Representative Buchanan remarked
that "due to the fact that Mr. Roose
velt seldom expressed himself through
the newspapers and magazines, it
might be well to get hold of him and
drag something out of him on tne
subject"
With that (lie committee turned to
thexai!ji"i!.ii ;f Commander Stir
ling, who testified tnere wei-a :v
submarines in' the Atlantic fleet. Com
mander Stirling said the flotilla should
have better tender mcllitles and that
there should be more permanency in
the assignments of officers attached
to the submarines. It took six months
training to learn to take out a sub
marine and years to understand en
gine end other troubles, he said.
"Are we as well advanced as omei
nations in submarines " he was ask
ed. .
"I 'don't think we are," he replied.
'If we believe the accounts from
abroad the Germans, Englisti ana
French have 800 and 1,000 ton sub
marines in commission."
FAllll CROPS OF. 101.4
WORTH FIVE BILLION
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
ISSUES ITS OFFICIAL AN
NOUNCEMENT Washington, Deo. 15 This year's
principal farm crops are worth $1,915,
802,000, the department of agriculture
announced today. The value of each
crop follows:
Corn $1,702,599,000, winter wheat
$675,623,000, spring wheat $203,050,000,
all wheat, $878,680,000, oats $199,431,
000, barley $105,903,000, rye $27,108,
000, buckwheat, $12,892,000, flax seed
$19,540,000, rice $21,849,000, . potatoes
$198,609,000, sweet potatoes $41,294,
000, hay $779,068,000, tobacco $101,411,-
000, cotton $519,612,000, sugar beets
$27,950,000.
GERMAN PLOT SUSPECTED
San Francisco, Dec. 15. Agents of
the department of Justice working
here informed the attorney general
today that the German acting consul.
Baron E. II. von Shack, supplied tho
funds with which a cargo of groceries,
clothing and ship chandler's supplies
were bought for shipment to Valpar
aiso, aboard the American steamship
Olsen and Mahony Clearance for the
vessel was refused ajid the cargo un
loaded.
EXPLOSION IN JAPAN
i Toklo, Dec. 13. An explosion oc
curred today in a coal mine at Fuku
oka as a result of which 800 laborers
are imprisoned in the workings of the
mine.; Fukuoka is on the sea coast 65
miles to tbe north of Nagasaki.
ECORD?
UNION IS filVEN
RAPS BY THE
MINERS
MEN TESTIFYING BEFORE INDUS
TRIAL COMMISSION TELL
OF CONDITIONS
IT WORKS NO IMPROVEMENT
THE WORKMAN IS BETTER OFF
UNDER OPEN-SHOP, THEY
TELL COMMISSION
WAGES ARE NOT LIFTED
COMPARISON IS MADE WITH
NUMEROUS CAMPS THAT
ARE ORGANIZED
Denver, Deo. 15. B. W. Snodgrass,
superintendent of tUe Delagua mine
of the Victor American. Fuel company
was the first witness at today's ses
sion of the coal miners' strike investi
gation by the federal commission on
Industrial relations. He related his
experiences in the recent rike.
The commission, in ah effort to
complete Its work by tomorrow night,
began the day's session an hour ear
lier than usual and endeavored to
speed up the testimony. Mr. gnod
grass was asked to confin his state
ments to matters of which he had
personal knowledge.
In response to questions by Chair
man Walsh Snodgrass testified that
the Delgaua mine was protected by
12 guards, commissioned ns deputy
sheriffs on September 23, 1913, the
day the strike was declared. Tbe
guards were armed at Trinidad, he be-
lieved, by the purchasing agent of the
. . . 1 T, tTrt
Victor American Fuel company. He
testified that he added to this forre
by hiring mea 'from -th-'Biirrauudtng
country and had the recruits commis-
nHl as deputy sheriffs, paying tnem
The wV a said there . Wi ben
three attics on the Delagua mine
from October 28, 1913, to April 22;
1914. Two'guards and one non-combatant
miner were killed in the at
tacks. Frank Gove, chief counsel for the
Victor-American Fuel company, testi
fied that saloon rents ou company
property hereafter would be upon a
flat rate of $100 month instead of a
per capita rate of from 20 to 30 cents
monthly; for every miner employed.
He submitted a register wnicn ne
said showed that men employed by
the company had been recorded by
personal description. He said his
company had endeavored to Keep n
emnloves out of politics, although he
did not know that this was fair to the
'L 4UAk"Tilll.
workmen, xne witness a
,ip Victor American com-
nn W!1H confined to naid display ad-
, , Knnn!o the newspapers
would not print the matter as news, zation by vote of the people, in carry
The pblicity work of Ivy L. Lee in j ing the constitutional amendment at
, mnMoU ori"thn strike was ' the reecnt election, be suspended pend-
donated to the operators, he said, by
the Colorado Fuel and iroa company,
T,.r vir.n, oi-miapfi Mr. Gove wss
riu,e u"e .rtv.---,
asked to submit h!s correspondence
of inspection by a representation or
the commission" for selection of such
documents as would be of 'value,
Calls Union a Graft " j no otner autnomy 10 nx mese vaiues.
. .,! ,, The county commissioners and as,-,e-b-
John Sanders, aged 26, a non-union, ' ... . . n w
miripr nt Delaeua. said he struck on
miner ai ut.iuhu .
September 23, 1913, and returned to
WOI'lC lOUr monins later, uc oci,u ;
had been, "scared to death" by their
. .1.. ib u. o,i n a
agents that he wouia oe lorcea oui
later if he did not strike. Ihe wttness:
said he was a union man for seven,
years, but preferred non-union condi-,
tions He said he thought the union
Judge Bea B. Lindsey of the Denver
iuvenile court testified that he caa
been sent by the peace association of; . "
utjtui ocat f Wilson 8 proposed board of arbitra-
Colorado to explain the strike sltua-1
tton to President Wilson and the east i
generally. He detailed his visit to) Ju9 Uadsey was excused atter
j w affAt4 n.he had submitted a mass of black
me preamble nuu ivm n i.v..
obtain an interview with John d.
Rockefeller. He read a long letter
which he said he had sent to the elder egrams.
Rockefeller's secretary. He said he J Nels Jorgenaen, a Dclapua non
had received a curt telegram in reply, union miner, testified that he had re
refusing to grant the Interview. He fused to strike because he was plens'-d
introduced, into record numerous tele-
grams and letters from John T). Roce-
feller, Jr.. although he said his own
communication had been addressed to
Rock'Wer Sr.
REQUEST OF THE
GOVERNOR IS
CONSIDERED
PRESIDENT AND CABINET TALK
ABOUT NEUTRALITY AT
PANAMA CANAL
GOETIIALS WANTS WARSHIPS
THERE IS SOME SPECULATION AS
TO HOW THEY WILL BE
USED
MAY GIVE OFFICIAL WARNING
LIKELY THEY WILL- PATROL THE
THREE-MILE NEUTRALITY
LIMIT
Washington, Dec. 35. More infor
niation is being awaited before Presi
dent Wilson decides wether the re
quest of Governor Goethals for des
troyers to enforce the neutrality at
Panama shall be granted. Suggestions
of differences between Secretaries
Garrison, Daniels and Bryan over the
question Were met by President Wil
son with the statement that there
could be no real difference, since the)
would finally decide.
The President discussed the situa
tion with the cabinet officials and
generally considered measures for pro
tecting the neutrality of the canal.
Officials described as absurd re
ports that Colonel Goethals' request
would be denied. They declared ac
tion was being delayed only pending
a fuller discussion of the needs of the
situation. There has been doubt in
Bort of a lrol would be nece3Bary
If belligerent ships are using wireless
within the three-mile limit, tulm'mit
.trotlon officials think a warning would
be adequate. Delays in passing
through the canal they think Crtmet
Goethals already is prepared fv 1 v
die, - ' : :
As no question of ctearance papers-
arises at the canal, officials here do
not see of what use destroyers can
be unless for dispatch purposes. If
they are sent, they probably will be
given the mission of keeping all col
liers or warships from lingering with- .
in the three-mile limit. -
AMENDMENT HAY BE
IGNORED FOR ONCE
OTHERWISE THERE WILL BE NO
VALUATIONS FIXED FOR THE'
COMING YEAR
Santa Fe, N. M., Dec. 15.-That the
abolition of the state bureau of equaii-
jing the fixing of important 1915 vai-
uauons appears to oe me oniy way
out of an anomalous situation. The
board fixes the valuation of national
t DanKs, transportation companies, aa
'corporations and livestock, and pend-
ing action by the legislature there is
i
. . mt ., tv,,, annrr.BV
'"rT" ."f ''
. - - -
Judge Lindsey said. he vl:,iti-d
. ,,
t-Tn, . -.,
. Bummnded l a group of
TW,nU,a. 1 nAao-,r Thlo ,tattr, tiarf
" th'ft chlef 1ust!ce t
i ' , -in i
hand letters he said he had recenel.
.numerous newspaper cuppings ana tei-
with conditions at the Demraa mim-a
of the Victor American Fuel company;
that conditions there were VU-rr tl:-
In th Kansas union ramps from whS'iH.
be oam four ,::,

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