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Till 2 INDEX. aztt: KS'ff Mr. X ICO. The beet sugar men will do their lii-it to boat. An ounce of organization In worth ton of oratory. Kipling I In South Africa, but ha hnsn't surrounded any Boers as yet. Cb 1 ! la now accused of creating a coldness In the Tan-American congress. Honolulu maintains a public com mittee whose sole business Is to exter minate rats. Once mors the Brltinh have captured the spot where Con. Botha wag a few hours before. Senator De-pew will bo compelled to play hookey from most of the midwin ter banquets In Washington. Late advices from Pekln are to the effect that the empress dowager onco more has her authority on straight. Joey Chamberlain Intimates Tery clearly that It is not the German vote he Is trying to catch. Atlanta Journal. Sixty-six per cent of the young men of the United States are unmarried. They are brave enough In other respects. A woman is suing Russell Sage for $75,000. She will be glad to compro mise for seventy-five cents before the case ends. When the gods love a man and want him In a hurry they first make him smoke anywhere from twelve to thirty cigarettes a day. Things are coming to a hopeful pass when a New York alderman refuses a 13,000 bribe and tells of it Cleve land Plain Dealer. Rake any hard-grained, matter-of-fact old Scotchman with half a dozen lines of Bobbie Burns and you will al ways uncover a poet. The description given of the cos tumes worn at the diplomatic recep tions Indicate that an Oriental circus Is wintering near Washington. Gov. Odell of New York is an all round athlete. If the presidency comes fooling around hla neighborhood he will be found to be in prime condition. Another defalcation has occurred In Los Angeles county. Lucky Baldwin's Chinese cook has defaulted with a side of beef and a barrel of potatoes. What next? Japanese papers have started a cru sade against "tipping." There are no Tullman porters in Japan, however luckily for Darktow'n. Los Angeles Times. ' 'The V'nltod States la now the world's fourth nation in point of population. When you consider quality instead of quantity it Is easlby first. Cleveland Plain Dealer. A revoltulon is paralyzing Paraguay. Gen. Egsqueeza, minister of finance, has excited the enmity of a lot of pa triots who want to squeeze a little on their own account. Herr Sonneberg of the German Reichstag, seems to have also acquir ed the vry bad habit of allowing his conversational machinery to do too many stunts a day. Melbourne has pledged undying sympathy with the mother country in Us troubles. England should at once dispatch this sympathy to the front and try It on the Boers. Premier Waldeck-Rousseau states that the French submarine boat is in tended to capsize naval pre-eminence. The premier is evidently figuring on a gigantic paving contract for the deep- sea levels. A public office holder in Chicago has refused to accept his salary for five months because he was away during that time. Other public office holders -will now regard hliu with suspicion or pity or both. A man who sat In a woman's lap In a street car yesterday was promptly knocked down by the woman's husband without having a chance to explain whether the strap broke or the car started too suddenly. A Brooklyn woman Is bent on hanging her name from Fltznlmmons because of its dukMsUc associations, The lady should bo told that a cham pion heavyweight is first in the hearts tot luoht of hla countrymen. Sir Robert Ball's prediction that an other glacial period will come, when a great field of ice will sweep across the hemispheres, crushing, grinding, be numbing all things for hundreds of thousands of years, anil In Its nature worse than famine, flood and pesti lence. Is safe enough. It isn't due, he adds, for several thousand years. unoiiG cxíü J'hiik"íprar finely lie purrhaved hound--A forty-volume cct. lie searched for Dickens, P.aUac's talrs The hc-d that he could get; And Hugo, 'luslcy, Darwin. too. And twenty si ore beside. They ilned 1:1s bi)il:-shelv g, while he read "Proud Poll, the Pirate's Brido." Of music he had Mozart's works, I'eethoven's symphonies, A Flit pi. mo. too, with real Hand-whittled Ivory keys. Herr Wagner's bust adorned the room, And fancies rare would rise. Until you heard him carol forth: "She Made Them Goo-Goo Eyes." His dining room was richly built; The cut glass weighed a ton. Twelve forks reposed at every plate He never used but one. And sometimes he would noi uae that, A knife was good enough When eating pie this tells the tale Of self-made Mr. Bluff. Baltimore American. 'Scientists say that Chicago can be lighted by windmills. Scientists do not seem to be aware that Chicago has al ways been lighted by windmills and tu a world is none tha wiser for it. A West Side woman entertained a tard party the other tvenlug, and after It was over she found she va "thy" f 1.4'K) worth of Jewel. The fact that he dues not stiMpect. a sneak thief leads to the conclusion that the stakes were pretty high for an ordinary social gitine. ttathes In ley Water. Prof. Sugarman, who pained noto riety three years ago by taking a dally swim In the Mohawk river during the winter season, and who revived the practice in 1S99 and 1900, says the New York Sun, intends to keep up his unique pastime during the present winter. The professor,-who is residing at Fort riain this season, took his first plunge of the winter on Satur day, and repeated the performance on Sunday. The colder the day the more amusement Prof. Sugarman derives from the swim. Yesterday the mer cury houved around the zero mark, but he dirj't mind a little thing like that. Ho went to the Mohawk river, half a mile from his home, with a pair of tighta under his arm, chopped the ice fiom the bank for a consider able distance, and then disrobing, plunged Into the icy water. Going far out in the river he disappeared be neath the surface. He reappeared and repeated the act several times before coming from the water, while the several witnesses In their winter cloth ing shivered In the cold. Prof. Sugar man generally takes his icy plunge in the late afternoon, and never experi ences any Ill-effects. He enjoys the best of health, and declares that after a person becomes accustomed to a swim In the Icy waters cf ' le Mohawk he would taboo all other forms of bathing. 1 here are r.O "real society people" In i t IjhiU, New Orleans, Cleveland, l .f b .i,:. tint tunal!, Huíalo, Detroit, t t,VT, (.'il.niil, Jolit-t, I-.'V!lliUi. t'.U I',.-.!, , i üii U i;. Parodian (Texas), t r l sunk, 1 !!'.u w. A Slranje Ta'.tnt In Bloomlngton, Ind., there Is a 16-year-old-boy who carries In his mind a permanent calendar for at least the last h.lf century, although by many me is considered mentally deficient. To everybody in Bloomington and around the quarries he is known as the "weasel." When asked his real name ho gives any of half a dozen which he has at his tongue's end for the purpose of satisfying the curiosity of the questioner. So far as known, the boy has never attended school, and knows nothing about the system by which past and future dates are cal culated. When asked on what day of the week a date 20 years back came on the "weasel" answers the question cor rectly within the space of one minute, and often in much less time. He gathers up many nickels and pennies by telling commercial travelers at the hotels on what day of the wek they were born. The day of the month on which one was born la given the boy and he Immediately supplies the day of the week. To the questioner this Is in many cases known, so that It is at once known that the boy has given a correct answer. Every ruse has been made use of to muddle hlra in his cal culations, but in each case he gets the better of the undertaking. Did Iba Shark Eat a Cow f In the stomach of a shark recently caught at Lukovo were found, among other things, It Is said, a pair of trous ers, a cow bell and a shoe. Probably any one who should hold that these exhibits ere prima facie that this fchark at least swallowed a man would receive the rejoinder from our expert aquarium friends, who assert that there is no such thing as a man-eating shark, that they prove just as much that the aforesaid shark would, could or did swallow a cow, for certainly, we can hear them argue, it Is as reason able to claim that this fish did not swallow the cow bell without swallow ing a cow, us that in swallowing a pair of trousers and an old shoe It necessarily must have swallowed a man or two, too. Fishing Gazette. neighboring roofs. Loud riles frrvi the women welcome the brldcirroon en his arrival, while the brid- careful ly veiled, mounts the hnra awaiting her at the door. All the men win have ben feasted and entertained join In the procession. In which lantern are borne. The bride's departure Is the signal for the dli charge of fire works and a great beating of the b!f drum. The final ceremony Is similai to one observed by the Arabs and thi Copts, namely, the sacrifice of sheep These are killed as the bride step over the threshold of her new home One wonders what the Idea Is underly ing the sacrifices. Are they Intended as acts of propitiation Inherited from an earlier age, when people thus en deavored "to appease the anger of the gods," or of the spirits of their ances tors? Or Is it merely a way of sealing In blood an important act and cove nant? Woman's Home Companion. Artificial lee. The principles upon which the manu facturo of ice is based is that a gas, when compressed, gathers heat enor mously, and If robbed of this heat and allowed to escape at a future time, It seeks to regain its heat by withdraw ing heat from its surroundings. Am monia gas is generally preferred to others, because It ran be liquefied with comparatively little pressure. On removing the water from common ammonia by distillation, anhydrous ammonia la obtained. This Is com pressed by a combined Bteam pump and a compresser, and the resulting liquefaction Induces heat, which Is economized by circulating water about the vessel or pipe containing the llque f.cd ammonia. Thus the ammonia is cooled and the heat largely transferred to the water, which Is then pumped lack to the boiler that sup tilles the steam pump. The liquid am motila Is then carried In a pipe to ex pansion colls that afford plenty of loom for Its evaporation, when it be gins to return to the gaseous form and to draw heat from its surround ings which gradually reduces the temperature. Proper vessels of water are placed in contact with the expan sion coiU and lu due time ice la form ed. Detroit Free Press. A Refrigera! Inc' F.gtt- Undreamed-of luxuries are being showered upon us thick and fast In theBo opening years of the twentieth century. "One of the most unique of recent inventions is a refrigerating egg," says Cold Storage. "It is a cap sule of nickel-plated copper of the size and shape of a hen's egg. It is hollow and nearly filled with water. Being placed in a freezing mixture, its con tents In a short time become Ice. If you have a glass of milk that Is not cold enough and you object to putting ico Into it ou account of the addition of water to the beverage, and you have one of these eggs at hand, you may drop it into the glass and In a few momenta the liquid is reduced to the desired temperature. In the same way. If you desire to cool your cup of coffee ana are too high-toned to pour it out into the saucer and drink It there from, this little frozen egg will relieve the embarrassment of the situation. This same idea is applicable to any other drink." Illrd Restaurant. The women of Kenosha, Wis., have formed a club, In which nearly every villager has Joined, for having bird restaurants in their front or back gar dens. Each member of the club has agreed to erect a tall pole with a shelf on top large enough to hold a saucer of water and a tray of food, which will contain seeds, lettuce, cut tlebone and any other dainties birds crave. Once the bird restaurants be come popular with Kenosha's birds, the women believe, the feathered ones will Impart the glad tidings to their neighbors in other suburbs, and Ke nosha in a little while will have a t t Pv EVA WII.MAMS HAI.ONE CVryil'h, Hw,2. T Pst'.y Story Futill-chlii rom puny. Two grl7,led Confederate veterans at In the corridor of a Memphis hot" turning again the pages of that Book of the I'But, where soldiers love to lin ger. "Love and war? why not?" said the captain; "the two are Indissoluble wedded. There's something about a soldier's life that makes love a neces sity. Many a time and oft I've heard my general pay that the men without sweethearts or wives were easier to whip and easier to kill than the fel lows who were tethered to life by a good strong affection. Why, man alive! I've heard tho echo of "Take Your Gun and Go, John," ?o loud above the noise of shell and shrapnel that I could have worn It was the real thing; and when I went into battle it was of her t thought, and of whnt she would s.y!" "Who was she? Where was she?" asked the comrade with a quizzical imlle. "Who was she? Why, she was vari ous, various persons, according to the location of my command. Once she was a dreamy yicksburg aristocrat blue blood to her finger tips; then she shifted and became 'The Merriest Girl That's Out' up in Maury county, Tenn. After that, she somehow got to be a Virginia girl but that's a long tale and goes deep." - "The deeper the better; fire away." And the veteraji settled himself con tentedly to listen. "Well, you see," continued the cap tain, "we had moved on to Petersburg and were hoping but what's the use Df saying anything about our hopes?" "Skip 'em!" said the other with a sigh that showei'iiic kindred soul; "a Confederate's hopes In war, not love, you understand are things a fellow must learn to forget. But when Cupid was afield, that'sanother matter. You were near Petersburg?" "Yes, but hang It all, bo were the Yankees, and getting nearer every day. We all felt that a battle was immi nent; and were waiting to see Just what turn to take. We filled In the :lme of waiting why should we not? By getting acquainted with some of Virginia's fair daughters. Know any thing about those Virginia women?" tnd the captain paused as if tho an iwer to this question gave the clue to what was to follow. "My wife's a Virginian," the other inswered succinctly. "She is? Oh, well, then, explana tions and amplification are unneces sary. You can easily understand that rosslng the Appusjiattox at night and monopoly of songsters. Some of the women will go even further than to boing 6not at occasionally by Yankee oira eaung-nouses. moss rackets waa the tolliest sort of fun A M.rrlce in I'er.la- Before dinner Is served the bride goes to the bath, accompanied by fe male relatiV'i and friends. At night a 4 tic proct-tdiou of the brldcgroo.-n approaches ahi.s are distributed and ou..n a:id ih'.Mren lick on from establish and other nesting material will be placed In the trees, where It will be of easy access and the women reason that, with all this home-building ma terial at hand, the birds will look no further for a cozy spot In which to settle and begin housekeeping. when the smile of a pretty Virginia girl was the rewafd." "Only one?" aslied the comrade. In credulously. "For me only one! There were others, a sister and a lot of cousins. You know how the woman folks con gregated In the bl? Southern homes In those perilous da . But soon Miss Gladys was, fo'- rt inevitable ' sne. TD.e otuti ..u.ply üldn t exist. moody "Oysters". Reports in the Richmond (Va.) pa pery from - corresponde along- the Potomac river are to the effect that ' Col. Bascom, her flither, was a wealthy oyster houses are closing down on ac- j tobacco planter; jind I don't need to count of what is called "bloody" oys-: tell you Just what. sort of welcome we ters. This same disease caused a good ' ragged rebels got !ln those, old homes deal of trouble along the Rappahan- it that time. We) were all comrades nock some few years ago, says the ' to the men and heroes to the women. Richmond Dispatch, but since that time the "bloody" oyster has been an unknown quantity in this section. This trouble virtually ruins the sale of oys ters, and iti appearance la unac counted for. At the time our oysters were suficring from the disease they were sent to be analyzed, and It was found that the discoloration was not at all Injurious to the oyster, nor did it make the mollusks unfit for eating purposes. But while it was acknowl edged and known that such oysters were good for eating, but few felt In clined to eat them In that shape, and thus the sale was ruined. To Keep from Paying- Bill. The story Is related of an Irish man who, after embarking in business on hla own hook, experienced consid erable difficulty in paying his bills. As the firBt of the month drew near he realized that it would be necessary to put all collectors off until after the 15th of the month, so he made this sign and hung It in front of the .door: "No bills paid before the 15th." When the collectors arrived the sign stared them in the face, and they went away making a note of the date to call. On the 15th Pat vas Just as short of money as before, so he sat down to think it over, and his native wit did not desert him. On the back of the sign he painted the following: "No bills paid after the 15th. It la chron icled that Pat assured all collectors that they had been extremely care less not to como before the date indi cated on the sign, thus gaining enough time to tide over his flifllcult: 3a. The sign was reversed. ' rhat accounts for the luck some of un bad." "For Instance?" tentatively suggest rd his friend. "Now don't try to hurry a fellow It's good to go over those days, and, ike rare old wine, one loves to sip It elsurely. But Miss Gladys! You ihould have seen her?" "Skip It!" interjected the other. "I've traveled the road, and they all ok alike at that period. Angel? Yes, that's all right. Had you proposed?" "No, I hadn't. I was Just In that kllssful borderland where anything so tangible as a proposal seems sacrilege. I think I must have meant to, if I had ltopped to ask myself what I really lid mean. Well, matters were at this llssful state; Col. Bascom telling the boys they were welcome whenever they chose to come, and the girls, not telling them so in words, but making them feel in a thousand delicate Ut ile ways." "I've felt 'cm," said the other dryly. "Now, see here, old fellow, if you lon't quit putting in, you are going to niss General Gordon's speech this rvening, for I'm billed to finUU this ram before we get up from here. rVhere was I?" "With Miss Gladys, I presume." "Yes, I remember, the night the Tanks came in on us. We were all la ko parlor Lieutenant Preston, Chal mers and a lot of us boys. Gladys was Snail Kbvm. Some Florentine experts In snallol ogy. finding time hanging heavy on their hand, conceived the Idea of ac curately calculating the traveling speed of snails, and, with this end in view, it was decided to make a series of more or loss elaborate experiments. Half a dozen of the mollusks were per mitted to crawl between two points 10 feet apart. Exact time was kept from start to finish, and thus the average "puce" was ascertained. The experi menters reduced their figures Into tabks of feet, and thus found that it would take a snail exactly 14 days to travel a milo. Tha gomlp never makes a long story short enough to leave cut the scandal. The queen of Hanover has now at tained the partrlarchal ago of 83 years Sha married in 1813 George V., who was reigning king of Hanover from ISf.l to lSCO. when the Prussian gov ernment deprived hiin of his throne and annexed hi-j territory. The qiieen was the daughter of the Dnk of baxe Altniburg. Men cf unlimited Ideas often aie n.cu of unlimited p Ueialo.is. I'LiU-dcl-.Ma Cu'.: t:n. -T5J fey r, -v(-il J. 7 "Love and war? Why not?" looking so perfectly ravishing, if sha Cid wear a homespun dress, that I'd been plotting for an hour to get her out on the verauda to myself. Jmt is I had succeeded, and was in the leventh heaven, my drtaiu of bil is wim rudely disturbed by Pete, Col. Bus coin's body servant, rust. In; across the lawn and crying out: " 'Gtt In de house. M'. s Gladys, lull i Lawd's take! 1. YunKe. am toiiilu',' "I hadn't said a word that won! Hid S'dj to me. cr u,e t 1; r : auJ this wag no time for wordy proposals. I j'Tkcd out my watch, a handsome diamond studded gift from my mother, and slipped It in her hand. 'If I am killed It Is yours If I live It Is ours;' and, without another word, I mounted my horse, as did the others. We escaped and made our way to our com mands across the Appomattox. You know the htory of the dayB that fol lowed. Petersburg fell, Richmond fell, Lee capitulated and the end." The two comrades germed looking backward through the mist of years Involuntarily they grasped each other's hands for an Instant; then the speak er went on: 'Before I started, penniless and al most naked, to my Tennessee home, I went to Col. Bascom's and found It a ruin. The house had been burned, the family and slaves were scattered, and tried in vain to get some trace of them. It was rough lines; but what could a fellow do?" ill r-ri rv f -V -J A ' ?. Mai 7T1 ,1 fnfl 'De Yankees am comln'!" "Swallow it," suggested his comrade. "Yes, swallow it; as we did the rest and try to remember that we were men and Confederates. I went back to Tennessee, and worked to build up my law practice. I wrote to Gladys, to Col. Bascora, for I was hard hit, old man; but I couldn't hear a word. A couple of years later, some law busi ness called me to Philadelphia. I went by way of Petersburg." His companion cleared his throat ominously; but the speaker took no notice. i "I had done my best to make myself forget that Virginia girl; but some how her image wouldn't fade like the others had. I don't know whether I meant to make another effort to hunt her up or not. I know something seemed to draw me to Petersburg. And, would you believe It, the very first man I met as I started out of the depot was Col. Bascom. A trifle gray er, a little more careworn, but the same genial gentleman. 1 'BtVss'mb! he c:fed, altnosl squeei- lng my hands off, 'is it reidly you, captain? We heard you were killed in the fighting around Petersburg. Dear me! How glad I am to see you. But, wait a minute; I'm looking for Gladys. Did you see anything of her on your train? I came to meet her.' "Of course, I hadn't seen her! "Just then someone touched me very gently on the arm and a voice that voice said with a note that was be tween a laugh and a tear: ' 'Capt Williamson, allow me to re turn your watch!' And I knew in a minute that I hadn't forgotten that I couldn't forget." An Ineffable look came into the vet eran's face and he paused. "Well?" suggested the listener, rath er impatiently. "What Is there to well about? It's time to hear old Gordon. There comes my wife to remind me of the fact Gladys, my dear, this Is my old com rade, Lieutenant McEwen, and he would like for you to tell him the time of day." By that same token she knew that the veterans had been diving into the past; and that the captain's love-story had come to the fore. When Ha Wai Twentr-One. There is a young criminal lawyer In this city who, on the occasion of his becoming of age, began the celebration of his birthday In a way that caused his household a great deal of conster nation. On tho eve of the feto, shortly after midnight, the young man's family were suddenly startled from their slumbers by a loud voice in the house calling, "There's a man in the house! There's a man in the house!" The valiant pater familias rushed from his room, bearing In his hands a heavy billet of fire wood, to learn the cause of tha disturbance and to capture the intruder. His son was standing in the hall, shouting at tha top of his voice "Where's the man?" exclaimed the old gentleman. "Here, sir; here!" proud ly replied the young man. "This is he. At last I'm 21!" Memphis Scimitar. A StHrtllnc SurprUe. A South African newspaper has this picnic story: "A picnic party of Hope- fonteln, composed of school children and teachers, with their friends, had their outing flavored with a degree o excitement which does not usually ta to the lot of picnickers. During the day it became known that one of the goats on the farm had been killed by a leopard in open daylight. Several o the boys of tha farm went in pursuit o the marauder, which was clscovered early In the afternoon, and twj well aimed shots ended hla career, but no before it hud clawed two of the na Uvea and a dog. The carcasa, which was that of a fairly laiga animal, was borne on poles in the conventlona South African manner to the picntck í ground." - Iter!. led to Sty. "Oil, George, what do you think hap t.eiied to-day?" "Did you find a Z gold piece?" "Better than that. Oi. i,ew cook has b. nt for her truiik."- 1 tltluit l'lH Pic S. -x T.I foiithern California nil lnrenl-'ius Inventor has roniMnut' 1 a ln'te om MiiRllon of Irniieq and reflector whcif by the heat of the sun Is r.mde to run lachlr.Ty, pump wafer and do other hard labor. In various parts of the world Inventors have built machines to (Hire the wave motions of the vean. The next thing, you will bo saying, orneonn will have lnrnessed cyclones nd made them do man's work. That cry thing has already been done. At leant, no an inventor claims. Accord ing to this man, Prof. B. B. Britts, h'.B machine Is far superior to any other means of using natural forces. The secret of tho construction of his con trivance Is carefully guarded, but, as oon as the patents are thoroughly es tablished, he promises to give a pub lic exhibition with the first stiff breeze hat comes along. One of the most re markable claims of the inventor Is that his apparatus Is applicable to locomotives, and that It will displace elefrlclty and compressed air in pro pelling street rara. All aorta of loco motion or navigation are possible, says Prof. Britts, and he promises to make steam power a thing of the past. InttlllR-finre of Anta. The conclusion of a series of papers the American auts printed in the American Naturalist by Prof. W. M. Wheeler is as follows: It Is quite un necessary to atsuma the existence of nythlng beyond instinct and simple ntelllgence in tho ants which form compound and mixed nests; there are no evidences of latioclnatlon in ants. This conclusion, however, even if it bo extended so as to exclude all animals except man from a participation In this faculty, does not imply the admission of a qualitative difference between the human and the animal psyche. Milk In Powder Form. Dr. M. jikenberg of Gothenberg has made a discovery which will be of im portance in dairy farming. He claims to have invented an apparatus by which milk can be brought into the form of a powder, like flour in appear ance, but possessing all tho qualities of milk in concentrated form, moisture excepted. It is said that this milk flour is completely soluble in water and can be used for all purposes for which com mon milk is employed. Hoot and Shoe Drier. When the farmer or laboring man comes in from a day's work in the wet he wants a safe and convenient place to dry out the boots which he must put on again in the morning. Some times he use3 the stove Bhelf or the oven, but the housewife is apt to com plain or the boots may accidentally vero rti rn I'd d' of t.' ,(.' ),(...') su panlon. r me. h ft"' ,q.- Youth's tVnt IlBpl.l FnTelope pi.r. The ordinary envelope opener inii-t ! Inserted under tho ed -f tho fía-I with great care, lest the contents of the envelope be damaged In rlrptng flap, ami if a man Is In a hurry he gen erally tears the b tier open with Ms hand Instead of bothering with tra cutter. Perhaps the Ingenious device here pictured will recommend Itself to the busy man as a handy complement to his disk outfit. The inventor Is Harry II. Bowerman of I.oreley, Md., and ho claims that his arrangement will clip the end of an envelope In stantly without danger to the contents. As will be seen by a glance at the cut, a rotary cutting blade 'a pivoted under- neath tho V-shaped troush which car ries tho envelope. All that is neces sary to put the cutter In operation la to strike the envelope a smart blow to slide the contents to one side, Insert the oppposlte tnd in tho trough and press the wire bale attached to the two gear wheels. As these wheels are geared to the small wheels at either end of the revolving cutter the latter Is rotated by the depression of tha bale, causing the spiral blade to clip the edge from the envelope projecting through tha slot In the rough. A spring raises the bale as soon B3 the finger is lifted, and the cutter Is then ready for the next envelope. . f 1 1 p .Mix scorch. In the picture is to be seen an apparatus designed especially tor this work which may be put up in any convenient place and can be left In operation all night, if desired, thus providing warm boots to put on in the morning. The drier consists of an inverted pan, with two tubes project ing vertically from the upper side, and provided with projecting fingers to hold the boot high enough to prevent shutting off the current of air circu lated from the flame below. It will be noticed that arrangement is made for adjusting the drier at different heights from the lamp and with the aid of this and the variation of the flame the ap paratus can be fixed to maintain a small amount of heat throughout the night. The Inventor is Henry C. Mans field of Chico, Cal. Cheap Reproductions of Map. The Surveyor-General of India In a late report gives an account of a new process for the reproduction of field maps, etc., by obtaining an image in transfer ink upon a zinc plate directly from a black and white original draw ing. The process is cheaper than photo-zincography or lithography tnd oc cupies less time. Thin zinc plates are coated wdth a sensitizing solution made up of fish glue (1 oz.) gelatine (60 grains) bichromate of ammonium (45 grains) water (12 oz.). The subject for reproduction is placed face upward with the sine plate above In close con tact, and the subsequent operation comprise exposure to sunlight for a minute or so, the development of a negative image. Inking of the plate and development of a positive Image. New Photographic Flnahllght. . The advantage of a photographic flashlight that can be timed is claimed for a new cartrldee made at OfTenhaeh Germany, and consisting of a celluloid capsule filled with combust !M fnn-.'fr anfT' provided with a fu.v. Tl.o t:.t ' varies with the size of the cartridge. Analysis shows that the powder, which burns quietly and with little smoke, contains 12 per cent of aluminum, 13.5 magnesium, of red phosphorus, and 73 of strontium nitrate. Clalma Saccengful Generator. Ether, converted into vapor much more readily than water, is stated to have failed in engines from the lack of ' Buitable generator. M. Malapert claims a successful generator, and that one weighing 265 pounds can supply a 100 ' horse-power engine. Do Planeta Influence Sun otf Mr. Blrkeland has continued his cal culations to determine whether the periodic changes In the area of the spotted regions of the sun's surface are in any degree due to gravitational dis turbances produced by either of the planets Mercury, Venus or Jupiter. HU latest calculations cover the period 1892-96, and his conclusions is that we must seek for other causeB than plan etary influence to explain tho sun spot period and that in future it Is Idle to look for the cauBe of this period out side of the solar sphere itself. Luminous Muihrooms. Mr. MacAlplne has printed a re search on luminous mushrooms, of which he enumerates twenty-one dif ferent species. Eleven of these belong to the genus Pleurotus and Ave of theia are found only in Australia. The lu minosity is not due to the presence of phosphorescent bacteria, but la due to a process of combustión, which de peud? on the presence of oxygen and on high temperature. It is not at fected by humidity. It is probably use ful in attracting Insects that dlsseml nata the spores. A Handy Flo w-8craper. A combination snow plow and road . scraper may be largely constructed from material to be found on nearly every farm, the services of the black smith being needed only to place the strips of sheet iron over the points of tha runnprfl 171 a 1 In Tho nnt ahnwa the skeleton of the combination tool; Fig. 2, how the point Is ironed after th two pieces are Joined; Fig. 3, the fon. matlon of the cross braces, and Fig. the tool complete. Little explanation Is needed of the Illustration, but care fthould bo used that the material select ed is tough, yet light, that the tool will not be cumbersome to handle. If de Elred, the runners or shoes may ba Ironed to add to tba durability of th tool. A Thousand Million feunt. At the Glasgow meeting of tha Silt Idh Association Lord Kelvin interested a large audience with his calculatlous of the probable total amount of grav itational mutter in the visible uni verse. Ha showed that if, 2.1,000,000 years ago, I,0o0,0u0,0o0 musses, each equal to our sun, had been distributed through a sphere about 18.0u0.0o0,0'J0, doa.OUO iniieji In radius, they would now have acquired velocities about equul to thoxe known to lo potibeed by lha iturs viable to us. Thtrif.ue it Is probabl that tli total amount of grav itational mutter la tha vUitla uul- Eiplurers, In Good Health. The uiuibu Antarctic exploration ship. Discovery, arrived at Littleton, New Zealand, November 2!). All on board were well and in good spirits. The pack ice wag encountered in lati tude C3.5 and longitude 14 1 east, but pressure of time prevented a thorough investigation of the ice. Interesting collections had been made, however, during the voyuye. .Senator Fry has a love for novels Ills camp on the HangHey Lik-s, In Maine, is stocked uh all kiuii of fiction, from the thrilling tale of "Mysterious Mick, the InMi Detec tive," to the world famous woika of Balzac. After a woman Indorses her minis ter's views on scandal she runs teros the street to ask her neighbor v ho It. Is hla !.' Uda !ts t.t t'.e (i,,t door to tea when he gi.es I,. Ho loan cm m .-i.k f. r (;d c 1.8 hS Le., H t;;,.., ', i,g VN.,'1 i,...,.