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THE EAGLE: WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER, 21, 1HM. TIMBER RESERVES. That of the West Needs Better Pro tection. Violation of the Law in Detitruetion of Timber Reported to the WuhIi ington Olllce. The simplicity of the means by which permits to cut timler are allowed is a constant temptation for dishonest people and lumber syndicates to despoil the pub lic forests of the country. Various at tempts have been made to remedy this evil by legislation, but all measures in troduced for this purpose have been sidetracked, doubtless by members of congress who are interested in the lum ber business themselves. As the law now stands, a man who wishes to cut timber merely has to apply to the interior department at Washing ton, either through the nearest land of fice or directly to the department, giving the affidavits of four persons that the timler they desire to cut is necessary for local supplies. They must also make it appear that this timber can be cut with out injury to the public, that is, that it will not interfere with local water con ditions and other matters of thissort,and that they have advertised in two local newspapers, if there are t wo published in the section in which the land is situated. If everything seems satisfactory, the sec retary of the interior issues apcrmitspe cifying the minimum size of the trees to lie cut, the percentage of each class rep resented on the tract, and the manner of thcircutting.and many other points. This license is good for one year, and is re newable indefinitely at the secretary's discretion. All of this affords very little protection for the government in a thinly settled country. The four affidavits can Iks easi ly obtained, and may be made by the men in tha deal themselves. In many western counties there are not two newspapers.or if there are, they do not circulate out side the towns in which they are printed. Sometimes the first intimation a settler receives that such a permit has been granted is when the water supply of his home becomes contaminated by passing through a lumber camp or a clearing in which unlawful sheep-herding has suc ceeded the cutting down of the timber. It is too late then to do anything. lie may send a protest to Washington, but by the time his communication has been through the circumlocution and red tape of the land office, and a special agent sent out to investigate the trouble, and this report has been examined and the land office is all ready to act, the damage has been done. There is such a small force of special agents at the disposal of the interior de partment that no adequate watch can be kept on the public forests of the country. All attempts to increase this force are defeated in congress. Last year the sen ate cut down the item appropriated by the house for this purpose from $85,000 to $60,000, to gratify a petty piece of spite of Senator Gorman, it is said, who was disappointed in securing one of these places for one of his Maryland hench men. Of course it cannot be denied that often in the past these agents have been worse than useless, but there is no reason why competent men could not be put in si'ch positions and held account able for their actions. The money spent in this way would come back four-fold in fines and recovery of damages where thefts had been committed. The McRae bill, which was introduced in the house last winter, had for its os tensible object the protection of forests and provides for the sale of government timber under the supervision of the sec retary of the interior. It also made pro vision for a special fund to employ in spectors. This bill, however, was open to certain objections, as it gave the sec retary of the interior too much discretion in the sale of timber and left loop holes for fraud. It was defeated through the efforts of Representative Tickler of South Dakota. The sheep herders have proved to 1h even more distructive to forests than timber thieves in many sections. They frequently in the fall set fire to the woods to promote a vigorous growth of young leaves and herbage the next year. The department has received many protests from the neighborhood of the Battlement mesa reserve in Colorado and San Barnardino reserve in Califor nia, and many others, declaring that sheep herders had rendered the waters beioiv unfit for use by pasturing sheep on the reservations. Propositions have been made to use the United States troops for the protec tion of the government forest, but with out the authority of congress the secretary of war did not care to take the responsibility of utilizing the idle sol diers for this purpose. In the Black Hills region in South Dakota it is asserted that the Homestake Mining company has been making use of the mineral land timber for its pri vate benefit. Under the law, wood can be cut from mineral lands for domestic anil mining purposes without the pre liminary of taking out a permit. This company, it is said, has not paid partic ular attention as to whether the timber it has cut has been on mineral lands within the meaning of the law, but has gone alead cutting timber everywhere it pleased on the theory that all lands in a mining country must be mineral in char acter. It has even built a narrow gauge railroad 20 miles long which, for eight months in the year, does nothing but haul timber from the forests down to the mines. STATE GOVERNORS. Nineteen Democrat, Twenty-three Ro pulillvHiiH, One Dnmoeriitic-lop-ullst and One SUverlte As It Now Htands. Of the 21 states that elected governors, 17 of the successful candidates were re publicans, 2 democrats, one democratic populist and 1 silverite. The states in which republicans take the place of democratic governors are: Connecticut, Delaware, New York Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Wiscon sin. A democrat displaces a repub lican as governor of California. Popu lists give way to republicans in Colo rado, Kansas, North Dakota and Wyo ming. The list of governors of the states is as follows : Alabama William C. Oates, demo crat. Arkansas J. P. Clark, democrat. . California James II. Budd, demo crat. Colorado Albert W. Mclntyre, re publican. Connecticut O. Vincent Collin, re publican. Delaware Joshua II. Marvil, repub lican. Florida Henry L. Mitchell, demo crat. ' Georgia W. Y. Atkinson, democrat. Idaho William J. McCofinell, demo crat. Illinois John 1'. Allgeld, democrat. Indiana Claude Matthews, democrat. Iowa Frank D. Jackson, republican. Kansas Edmund N. Morrill, repub lican. Kentucky John Young Brown, dem ocrat. Louisiana Murphy J. Foster, demo crat. Maine Henry B. Cleaver, republi can. Maryland Frank Brown, democrat. Massachusetts Frederic T. Green harge, republican. Michigan John T. Rich, republican. Minnesota Knute Nelson, republi can. Mississippi John M. Stone, demo crat. Missouri William J. Stone, demo crat. - Montana John F. Richards, republi can. Nebraska Silas A. llolcomb, democratic-populist. Nevada John F. Jones, Silverite. New Hampshire Charles A. Busiel, republican. New Jersey George T. Werts, demo crat. New York Levi P. Morton, republl can. North Carolina Elias Carr, democrat.