Newspaper Page Text
THE EAtíLE: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1895. THE NEW TARIFF LAW. The Measure now Applies to All Scedules. Articles Affected by the ChniiKa Reduc tion on YnrloiiH Articles. The new tariff measure is now in full force and effect. Although the bill be came a law on Aug. 29 there was one whole schedule and an item in another schedule that were not to take effect until Jan. 1, 1895. The schedule was "wool," and the single item, "dolls, etc." Shortly after the tariff act went into operation the secretary of the treasury made a ruling, based upon an opinion of the acting attorney general, which re versed the ruling of the board of general appraisers at New York, and which, it was claimed by senators, placed a con struction upon the terms of the act en tirely opposed to that which was intend ed by the legislative body. Paragraph 297 reads as follows: "The reduction of the rates of duty herein provided for manufactures of wool shall také effect Jan. 1, 1895." Throughout the wool schedule the hair of the camel, goat, or alpaca is classified with wool pure and simple, and when the question came be fore the board of appraisers they decided that goods made of such materials were exempt from the new duty until Jan. 1, 1895. This ruling the department re versed, and held that only goods com posed wholly of wool should be exempt from the new duty until Jan.l. Conse quently much of the foreign manufac tures entered were withdrawn for con sumption under the reduced rates of duties. From now on there can be no doubt, however, as to what the rates shall be, and any article coming under the woolen schedule, however classified, will lie sub ject to the reduced duty. The entire wool schedule shows great reductions. The average ad valorem rate under the McKinley act was 98.62 per cent.; under the present law, 48.82 per cent., making an average reduction of 50.50 per cent The reductions upon the various items of the schedule are as follows : Shoddy, 71 per cent. Yarns, woolen and worsted, according to classification, (i2 to 89 per cent. Cloths, three classes, 50 to 75 per cent. Shawls, three classes, 55 to 77 per cent. Knit fabrics, four classes, 51 to 74 per cent. All other manufactures not specially provided for, three classes, 42 to 75 per cent. Blankets, four classes, 5(5 to 72 per cent. Hats, four classes, 60 to 72 per cent. Flannels for underwear, four classes, 48 to 72 per cent. Dress goods, women's and children's, Italian cloth, etc., five classes, 43 to 54 per cent. Other clothing, ready made,etc.,38per cent. Felts, not woven, 52 per cent. Plushes and other pile fabrics, 52 per cent. Cloaks, dolmans, jackets, talmas, ul sters and other outside garments for wo men and children, etc., 93 per cent. Webbing, goring, braces, bindings, fringes, gimps, cords and tassels, dress trimmings, laces and embroideries, etc., 47 per cent. Carpets and Carpeting Aubusson, Ax minster, Moquette and Chenille carpets, and carpets woven whole for rooms, and Oriental, Berlin and other similar rugs, 34 per cent. Saxony, Wilton and Tourney velvet carpets, 4.2 per cent. Brussels, 51 per cent. Velvet and tapistry velvet carpets printed on the warp or otherwise, 44 per cent. Tapistry Brussels, printed on the warp or otherwise, 48 per cent. Treble ingrain, three-ply and all chain Venetian carpets, 48 per cent. Wool, Dutch, and two-ply ingrain cai pets, 54 per cent. Druggets and bockings, printed, col ored or otherwise, 64 per cent. relt carpeting, 52 per cent. Carpeta in wool, or in part of, not spe ially provided for, 40 per cent. Ciirpetings and carpets of cotton, 40 per cent. The single item selected as an excep tion appears under the head of sundries, and is as follows: "Dolls, doll heads, tov marbles, of whatever material composed, and all other toys not composed of rubber, china, porcelain, parían, bisque, earthen or stoneware, and not specially provided for in this act, 25 per cent, ail valorem. inis is a reduction, according to me statement made by the finance commit tee's exiert, ot 28 per cent., but the Mc- Kinley act made the duty on me Bame paragraph 35 per cent. This new duty went into effect on January 1. MINING IN ALASKA. The Method Used by tile Miners to Dcfeitt Jiiek Front. John J. Ilealy, en route to Washington as the special representative of the Alaska mines, says the placers in that territory yieííl good returns to those who work them. "They run from $1,000 to $5,000 each season per man. The washing season is very short, lieing at the most only four months. These months are June, July, August and Sep tember. During the remainder of the year there is no water, tor everything is frozen up tight. Work does not stop, though, on that account. During the winter season the miners work their claims or prospect for new ones, nearly all the prospecting is done in the winter, and a great share of the development work also. "You should understand," he says, "that the ground at all times is frozen. In working a claim, the miners sink a shaft to bedrock and then drift in. This work can only be accomplished by the aid of heat. Huge fires are built on the ground, which is dug away as fast as it becomes thawed out. When the bedrock is reached, the same plan is followed in drifting. Fires are pushed forward as the tunnel progresses. The freezing weather has one advantage, at least, for, by reason of it, drains, pinups ard tim bers are unknown in Alaskan diggings. As the pay dirt is taken out of the tun nel it is carried to some place conven ient, where it can be washed during the summer months. There is an abund ance of fuel and by its liberal use the miners can work the vear around. 'The expenses of iiving in Alaska is not so great as is generally supposed. A man can live in the Yukon country for less than $500 per year, which, consider ing the distance provisions must be carried, is very cheap indeed." Denver News. I If You Want to go to the Mogollons Get on Murphey's Passenger,Expressand Mail Line. Stupe Leaves Silver. City at 8 a. m. every Monday, Wednesday and Friday for Mogollón and intermediate points. All passengers and express must go to Wells, Fargo & (Vs. express office from which place the stage starts. W. M. Murphey.