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THE EAGLE: WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY i", 1895. flic 1'ubllshud every Wednesday Morning A. J. LOOMIS. by Kntered at the postohVo at Silver City. X. M.. for transmission iIii-oukIi the malls at second class rates. OthYe on Yankie Street between Texas and Arizona Streets. Advertising Hates on Application. Sultseriptloii Kitten, PuutURe Prepaid: One year &.(K) Six tnontlis ..... uní Three months .... -,) SI1.VEK CITY, X. Jl.. l-'KBKUAHY Ü7. ls'.l.i. Silver Lead . ..60 . :i.oo STATEHOOD. Many oí the leading republicans of the territory are trying to explain why the bill providing for the admission of New Mexico to the Union has not been passed by congress at this session. The latest arguments which have been advanced on this question were furnished bv Mr. F. Y. Clancy, and were printed in the Allmqerque Citizen of hist Wednes day. Mr. Clancy has evidently solved the question to his satisfaction from a republican standpoint. From an inter view of a column and a half we clip the following : I found that two or three of thereimh- lican senators had been considerim? the ! question of offering amendments suchas ' l)tí stated in a great many less words 1 have indicated but nothing had been Iban Mr. Clancv has taken. The United (lone about it. 1 he general leeliiur at Piatt, who is evidently keeping himself wen posted as to all that occurs in Psew Mexico, that the hill had been with drawn, with an intimation, however, that it might be reintroduced at a later period in the session. It aniieared to our friends in Washington that this wunurawai was due to the lact that it had been learned at Santa Fe that the statehood bill could not pass the senate with the prospect of any such legislation changing the election láw. I pointed out to several republican senators that all danger of an unfair election could lie obviated by means of amendments to the enabling act, but they expressed some doubt as to whether the democrats in the senate would per mit such amendments to be made and if they did as to whether the house would concur in the amendments. I t hen went to our delegate, Mr. Joseph, and told him what appeared to be thesituation and he expressed great surprise and said in sub stance that he had never heard of any such objections and had never contein iilated the possibility of any unfairness by means of legislative trickery at Santa Fe, anil that he would see that any amendments such as I spoke of would be accepted in both senate and house. I had several interviews with Mr. Joseph at different times, and he told me that an attempt would certainly be made by the democrats in the senate to take the bill up so that the republicans would be forced to go upon record as opposed to it. The reasons for the failure of the stale hood bill which Mr. Clancy has advanced may be entirely satisfactory to him and ; to the republicans of the territory, but the reason for the failure of the bill can Since that time a common school system has been provided for, normal schools have been started and a college and university have been opened. There is no excuse for illiteracy in New Mexico now and it is gratifying to note that the children of school age here are generally as far advanced as are those of the older states." Of course the census will show a large percentage of illiteracy in New Mexico for years to come for the reason that the majority of the adult Mexicans in New Mexico are illiterate and will remain so as long as they live. The generation which is now growing up will not be behind the youth of any of the states in the matter of education and eventually the standard here will be as high as it is anywhere in the country. peared to be that it was so late in the session, and there was so much absolute ly necessary business to be done, that nothing could be hoped as to our state hood bill which they did not believe could be called up orYeached before the adjournment of congress. Amendments were, however, carefully prepared which, if adopted, would make it impossible for any federal ollice-holder in New Mexico to have anything to do with any elec tion to be heid under the enabling act. and it was understood when 1 left Washington that these amendments would be offered and printed before anv attempt would be made to call up the bill. 1 have no doubt that this has been done before now. I do not feel, however, any conlidcnce that the hill will be taken up or anything done with it at the present session". It is (tilheult tor citizens ol New Mexico to realize the very small importance that a territory has "at Washington ami the great indifference with which everything concerning it is considered. Moreover, at the present time in the senate there appears to be a tacit agreement on both sides of the house to do as little legislat ing as possible at this session. Before I left New Mexico I saw it re ported in the Citizen that a bill hail been introduced in the legislature abolishing county boards of canvassers of election returns, so far as members of the legis lature are concerned, and creating a re turning board, to consist of the governor secretary and treasurer of the territory, to which all returns on elections of mem bers of the legislature should be made. learned in Washington from senator States senate has lieen, until within a few days, a democratic body; New Mexico elected a republican delegate last fall, thus indicating that the territory is re publican, and that is all there is to the statehood question at present. : 1 1 re. i vvo.v. i , .v.s ti titioxs. The friends of education in New Mex ico have no reason for complaining of the manner in which the educational in stitutions of the territory have lieen treated by this legislature. Increased appropriations have been made for the university at Albuquerque, the agricultural college at Las Cruces, the normal schools at Silver City and Las Vegas and the military institute at Hoswell, while the common schools of the territory are amply provided for. It is sate to sav that, in proportion to population, no stale or territory in ihe union provides more liberally for schools than the present democratic legislature has provided for the education of the youth of New Mexico. It has been but a few years since there was practically no school system in this territory and in 18S0, only tifieen years ago, the census of the United States showed a greater percentage of illiteracy in New Mexico than existed in any other state or territory in the United States. The republican members of the legis lature wanted to prevent the continua tion of the appointments of Governor Thornton and they would have been able to prevent the confirmation of a number of the appointments sent in last week, with the assistance which they would have been able to get from the demo cratic side, if they had not been beaten at their own game. If they had re mained in attendance last Thursday morning, instead of leaving the hall for the purpose of breaking the quorum, they would have been able to defeat some of the continuations. When they left the hall they did not think they would be refused admittance when they came hack, but when they returned the council was in executive session and the doors were locked as they always arc during executive sessions. For once the republicans were lieaten at their own game. Mow? What's this? The New Mexican says : "The president and his man. Vilas are making most desperate efforts to try and have a democratic congress take the final step toward fastening the g ild standard shackles upon the hands of the people." There is a new note in the song of cuckoo. Independent Democrat The cuckoos are losing their heads and the cuckoo papers are like a rudderless ship. They may get on some kind of a course eventually, but just at this time they ought not to lie held to accounta bility for their erratic actions. Tun finance bill which was passed by the legislature last week appropriates about $li"),00Ü less than the bill passed by the last legislature. This is one step in the right direction by the legislature which is now alxnit to udjour.i.' The appropriation bill is of more importance to the taxpayers of the territory than all of the other bills passed by the legisla ture and credit must be given to the democrats for making a big saving in this bill.