Newspaper Page Text
Til K JíAüLE: WEDNKSDAY, JUNK 1, 1!)5.
15 SOLDlfcRa lü Cú Ür-ARED. They Would litre Ueen Beheaded Under the Usual Custom. The stipulation in the treaty of peace between China and Japan that the Chinese who have been captured by the Japanese and others who sold sup plies to the Japanese troops in their march through Manchuria and Shant ung shall not be punished by the Chinese authorities, was inspired by humane considerations. It is the cus tom of China to behead such of her sol diers as fall into the hands of the ene my, and are afterward returned to their country. During several naval and land engagements upward of five thousand Chinese troops were captured by Japanese, and it is to preserve their lives that the foregoing provision was inserted in the treaty. The same con siderations influenced the other previ sion relative to the purchase of sup plies from Chinese subjects. The curi ous fact develops in this connection that China has not a single prisoner of war belonging to Japan. The United Press dispatch, which contained the exclusive announcement that the indemnity of two hundred mil lion taels will be paid in seven yearly installments differs from official reports previously received, which limited the payment to five instead of seven install ments. It is believed, however, that the statement contained in the United l'ress dispatch is correct. While no definite information has been received regarding the matter, it is understood that the indemnity will take the form of a bond issue on the part of China, the bonds to be retired during a period of seven years, and to bear interest at five per cent, per annum. The presumption is still very strong that the indemnity will be paid in silver. Until the beginning of the war be tween China and Japan each country had a consular jurisdiction over its sub jects in the other country. It would now appear that Japan, will no longer grant this privilege to China, although stipulating for a continuance of this right for herself. The explanation given for this exception is tliitt J.ivan is now a civilized country, with a code of laws based on the highost prin ciples of justice and equity, and that she can be safely trusted, therefore, to deal fairly with the Chinese iiubjoets living within her border.-,. China, on the o'jj'.cr hand, it is asserted, iu still a barbarous country, and foreigner..; there must receive the prote;'.io:i of their own country since little, if any, will be afforded to them by the local authori ties. NICHOLAS II. IN PEACE. r.usHlii'n Interests Aro t Th'.n Time Alt Opposed to Wiir There is no safety in predicting any turn in a game in which a youthful monarch of Russia holds a strong hand, but, though many rumors have been running around about the new czar, Mi.iholas II., there seems no probability of his undertaking any inflammable r ib, says Col. T. O. Dodge in the F )i-ain. llnrviiii has so much more to f i.! i:i pe:i x than war. llarely a tbid of her army has the new K'.nn'il-'xu riilo, and it will be two years before the other regiments are so equipped. Her revenues are none too great. Russh. needs her money for the great trans Siberian railway, and she ought no't to blow it out of the mouths of big guns. No doubt there is a tension in many of the international relations, but that is always present, and diplomats are growing more reasonable. It is proba ble that what has been said of the char acter of Nicholas is in the main true; and this should lead him to follow in the footsteps of his illustrious father and make Russia still the dictator of peace. No man will be rash enough to say that war may not come. Every one of the continents lias spots where an acci dental outbreak, the blunder of an overzealous servant, may work such a hardship, actual or ideal, to some great power as shall call for an excited de mand for reparation. It is then that cool heads, if not thick skins, are in demand; and it is then that the ei'Jer vescence of journalists in search of circulation or notoriety does most harm. The human animal, according to his kind, is the silliest of all animals, if we measure him rightly. I know of no other that is capable of sueli irrational freaks, and it is on these that .peaji or war hangs by a hair. Hut, to resume. I do not believe, despite all the talk, that there is in the present status of the world a set of conditions which will lead to early war. The l.n Ue or Illoocl. Every polar expedition and whaling vessel which visits the Raffin bay region puts in at Yaureke Hunk, so as to al low explorers and seamen to visit the celebrated Lake of Wood. Of it the author of "Jly Summer in the North" says: "It is a lake of considerable ex tent, tying only a few feet above tiie level of the sea. and appears of u de:-p dark blood red. Careful cxu::ii:i. ation proved, however, that the water itself was ns pure and clear as possible; the red effect being due to the fact that the bottom and sides of the lake, a ; well as the few stones whi.'h were rjat tered about in it, were coated most per fectly with the rea snow plant. l:i some places, where the water had evap orated, the withered red plants on tlx soil and rocks looked exactly like dried spots of blood. Nutur.i'g L glitnlii? Rod. M. Oovaroff, the Russian electrician of Moscow, and I'ror. Ilischrt, govern ment forest inspector of the same city, have made some investigation con jer.i ing the liability to lightning stroke oT certain species of trees. In the win iners of lli'JII and 1S04, the two sjien'.i ;t. mentioned spent l'J'J days in the great forests between Moscow and Rcincre.'.'. and during that time found .W7 trees t!i;.l had recently been struck by lightning. Of the total number of marked trees 302 were found to be white poplar (pop ulus alba), this notwithstanding t!r.' fact that that species is not any wry' near as common as a half dozen or do.-,-en other varieties. On OovnrofT'u sr.-; gestión the government reeommen '. that the peasants use it as a lightnh conductor. A CURE FOR IDIOCY. It Remullís to He Seen How Sucoeitful It Will I?e. A cure for idiocy is one of the latest achievements of surgical science, which has taken so many giant strides of late years that it may be almost termed one of the wonders oí the century. Experi ments were made on the skulls of two children, who had been idiotic from birth, and the latest accounts are that they are not only surviving the shock of the operation, but are giving prom ise of a recovery of the mental facul ties. It would be more correct to say, says the Washington Star, that they are gaining those faculties, for the idiot from birth has no development until the obstruction on the brain is re moved. This is exactly the process in the present trials. Holes are drilled in the skull of the child, at the top of the head where the "Fontanelle" or "soft spot" is usually located. In the case now under observation, these spots had become hardened at birth, and thus the expansion and development of the brain had been arrested. The opera tion was, therefore, to make a new or artificial fontanelle. Great care had to he exercised, of course, to avoid injur ing the brain, and there lay the main difficulty of the operation. The scalp is drawn anew over the apertures in the skull thus made, and the little brain is left to cure itself. The chil dren thus operateil on are two years old. It is, of course, a question just when the patients should be subjected to the experiment, and the age of two years has been chosen as the starting point. It has been considered prob able that at this ago the child, if it should recover its health and gain in telligence, will be scarcely behind oth er children of its own age a dozen years later. I!y that time assisted na ture would have caught up with itself, os it were. There may be some ques tion in the minds of ultra-sensitive peo ple as to whether it is right for sur geons to experiment in this way upon helpless children by performing opera tions that may cause death. Yet there will probably be no general outcry against such an effort. In some sense death is preferable to life-long idioe'. Few parents would be likely to object to the experiment upon t'.ieir own un fortunate offspring if conducted with the care which should attend all such dangerous proceedings. Ills Way. We all know the story of that bright boy who answered correctly when nsked how many legs a fly has, but who had been enabled to do it only by catching an in ;eet an 1 counting. The Philadelphia Record gives a parallel instance: A teacher recently told her scholars to mark on thir ulates the Roman numerals from one to twelve. In about three minutes one of tin boy.i held up his hand signifying that he had accomplished the work. "Why, John ny," said the teacher, "how yon nm:,! have hurried! None of the other sjhol nrs are half done. Now tell me how you came to finish so quickly." "I cop ied them from the clock on the wall up there," replied Jimmy, with great glee.