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Published Every Thursday
h ntere1 s sect
THE CIMARRON PUBLISHING COMPANY,
, ALB. B. SCHBOBDHR. Owr .
The State Educational Association at its meeting this
week has for one of its topics for discussion the dissolu
tion of church and state and the prevention of close inti
macy of these two societies. The discussion of this sub
ject was, in all probability, brought to this point after it
was learned that an effort is being made to introduce reli
gious tent books into the public schools of the state.
That church and state must remain separate institu
tions is nothing new; it was thus thousands of years ago
and will remain so until the last child will have been born.
Where church and state are not separate the outcome
is that revolutions follow. History points this out clearly.
France, Spain, Belgium, Germany, Austria and Mexico had
their religious reformations, caused when the state was
ruled and governed by the church. Things went so far
as to exclude missionaries from these countries who were
not of the same faith as the governing power, through per
secution and extortion. Mexico has been covered with in
nocent blood for three years past by the uprising in arms
of the suppressed, against the church thar governs in that
country. It will not have peace until the church power is
repudiated by the btate, the people at large.
What has transpired in other countries, is not inevit
able here. It will not come to this point for many years,
but it works gradually, at the same rate as the decaying
of a tree. There is wholly no reason why it should come
to this stage in this country where the constitution pro
vides specifically that church and state must remain sepa
rate. The public school is no place for religious text books
in this or any other state and their introduction will not be
received with a welcome. The church has other functions
to perforin than ruling a worldly government.
Jt is an uncommon occurrance that eleven persons are
hanged the same day at the same penitentiary, but this is
what is going to happen at Florence penitentiary in Ari
zona, December 19. Thegoverhor of that state attempted
to have capital punishment abolished but the people voted
for the retention of that law at the recent election.
Several states have abolished the capital punishment
system and inaugurated a substitute therefore,-the sentenc
ing to life penal servitude. Other states are fast falling in
line with the modern idea of punishment to violators.
But be that as it may, there is no good authority that
either one of the two systems have proven the most lawful
way to eliminate crime of the worst nature. Capital pun
ishment is needed in such places where society is in grave
danger of the loss of life at the hands of illiterates, who
perpetrate ignominious crimes in utter ignorance of the
lawful punishment to which they are subject. This law
and its execution is as necessary as the law to protect the
wild game of the unsettled districts.
There are those who are inebriated with criminal in
tentions to such a degree that kindness has no impression
upon their minds, and capital punishment is the one law
tnat can and does check crime toa very large extent. At
the bottom of it all lies the one concrete fact that no one
need be amenable to this law who resorts to the courts in
time before his ire is aroused to the stage where the Others
blood should trickle trom the veins of a lifeless body.
With the Turk in the war, Russia stands a very slim
chance of adding the Bosphorus to her important water
ways. Russia has had one eye peeled for this channel for
several centuries. It would give her a splendid waterway
the year round and increase her ocean traffic.
It is a capital idea of Supt. of Public Instruction A.
N. White to use his influence in having free text books in
the public schools of the state. This system is used in
many states with success and great advantage.
When other state papers never lose an opportunity to
play up their county superintendents, it is no more than
justice to the Colfax superintendent, Mrs. Lockard. that
a few hoquets are strewn her wav. She's a pippin.
Somehow it makes a difference whose ox is gored in a
paper, and those who cannot lear investigation make the
big noise when their corns are stepped on.
In order to restrain our impulses this paper will not ,
publiHh a communication which it received this week from'
one who was touched in the solar plexus.
The paper that would please all would be a six-column
quarto blank sheet and there would be nothing in it.
The man who never made a mistake never made any
thing. But at that some mistakes are certainly avoidable.
Perhaps the navy will be placed at Vera Cruz again
when Villa grabs Carranza by the whiskers ih earnest.
News and Citizen
Subscription i oo per Year
mailer September 3, toto, at the postoffice at Cimarron
M under the act of March 3, 1879."
OVER A MILLION AND A HALF
WOMEN WORK AS FARM HANDS
IN THE UNITED STATES.
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' TTntort.
Our government never fared so tre
mendous a problem a that now lying
dormant at the doors of congress and
the legislatures, and which, when
aroused, will shake this nation from
center to circumference, and make
civilisation hide Its face in shame.
That problem Is women in the field.
The last federal census reports
show we now have 1,614,000 women
working In the field, moat of them
south of the Mason and Dixon line.
There were approximately a million
negro alavés working In the fields
when liberated by the emancipation
proclamation. We have fried our
slavea and our women have taken
their places In bondage. We have
broken the shackles off the negroes
and welded them upon our daughters.
The Chain-Gang of Civilization.
A million women In bondage in the
southern fields form the chain-gang of
civilization the Industrial tragedy
of the age. There Is no overseer quite
ao cruel aa that of unrestrained greed,
no whip-that stings like the laah of
suborned destiny, and no auctioneer's
block quite so revolting aa that of or
The president of the Vnlted States
was recently lauded by the press, and
very properly so, for suggesting medi
ation between the engineers and rail
road managera In adjusting their
schedule of time and pay. The engi
neers threatened to strike If their
wages were not Increased from ap
proximately ten to, eleven dollars per
day and .service reduced from ten to
eight hours and a similar readjust
ment of the overtime schedule. Our
women are working In the field, many
of them barefooted, for less than 50
cents per day. and their schedule la
the rising sun and the evening star,
and after the day's work is over they
milk the cows, slop the hogs and rock
the baby to sleep. Is anyone mediat
ing over their problems, and to whom
shall they threaten a strike?
Congress has listened approvingly
to those who toll at the forge and be
hind the counter, and many of our
statesmen have smllpd at the threats
and have fanned the flame of unrest
among Industrial laborers. Rut wom
en are aa surely the final victims of
industrial warfare as they are the
burden-bearers In the war between na
tions, and those who arbitrate and
mediate the differences between capi
tal and labor should not forget that
when the expenses of any Industry are
unnecessarily Increased, society foots
the bill by drafting a new consignment
of women from the home to the field.
Pinch no Crumb From Women'a Crust
No financial award can be made
without someone footing the bill, and
we commend to those who accept the
responsibility of the distribution of In
dustrial justice, the still small voice of
the woman in the field as she pleads
for mercy, and we beg that they pinch
no crumb from her cmst of bread or
put another patch upon her ragged
We beg that they listen to the
scream of horror from the eagle on
every American dollar that Is wrung
from the brow of tolling women and
hear the Goddess of Justice hiss at a
verdict that Increases the want of
woman to aatlsfy the greed of man.
The women behind the counter anil
In the factory cry aloud for sympathy
and the presa thunders out 1n their
defense and the pulpit pleada for
mercy, but how about' the woman In
the field? Will not these powerful
exponents of human rights turn their
talent, energies and Influence to her
relief? Will the Goddess of Liberty
enthroned at Washington hold the cal
loused h..nd and soothe the feverish
brow of her sex who sows and rears
the natlon'a harvest or will she permit
the male of the speclea to shove
women weak and weary from the
bread-line of Industry to the back al
leys of poverty?
Women and Children First.
The census enumerators tell ua that
of the 1,514,000 women who work In the
fields as farm hands 409.000 are aix
teen yeara of axe and under. What is
the final destiny of a nation whose fu
ture mothers spend their glrlhooo tlavn
behind the plow, pitching hay and
hauling manure and witat Is to become
of womanly culture and refinement
that grace the home, charm society
ind enthuse, man to leap to glory In
noble achievements If our daughters
are ralaed In the society of the ox and
the companionship of the plow?
In that strata between the ages of
sixteen and forty-five are 950,000 worn
en working as farm handa and many
of them with suckling babea tag
ging at their breasts, aa drem-heu
in perspiration, they wield the scythe
and guide the plow. What la to be
come of that nation where poverty
breaka the crowns of the queens of
the home; despair hurls a mother's
low- from Its throne and hunger drives
Innocent children froi.-. the school) oom
to the hoe?
The census bureau shows that 155.
000 of theae women are forty-five
yeara of age and over. There ia no
more pitiful sight In civilisation than
theae saintly mothera of Israel stooped
with age, drudging In the field from
aun until aun and at night drenching
their dingy pillows with the tears of
deapalr as lU'r aching hearta take
it all to Uod In prayer Civilization
when It should
and their only
-oke bread with
me unto me all
heavy laden and
land of the (roe
the brave, the
I will five yon rcKt."
Oh. America! The
and the home of
world'a custodian of chivalry, the
champion of human rights and the de
fender of the oppressed shall we per
mit our maidens fair to be torn from
the heart list on - by the ruthless hand
of destiny and chained to the plow?
Shall we permit our faithful wives,
w hom we covenanted with Ood to cher
ish and protect, to be hurled from the
home to the harvest field, and our
mothera dear to be driven from the old
arm chair to the cotton patch?
In rescuing our citizens from the,
forces of civilization, can we not apply
o our fair Dixieland the rule of the
aea "women and children first?"
There must be a readjustment of
the wage acale of Industry so that the
women 'an be taken from the field or
given a reasonable wage for her aerv-
Icee. Perhaps the Issue has never been I
fairly raised, but the Farmers' TJnlon
with a membership of ten million, puts
its organized forces squarely behind
the lasue and we now enter upon the
docket of civilization the case of "The
Woman In the Field" and demand an
WHERE HEROES FELL
Mad Tumult of Death in Man-to-Man
Writer Gives Graphic Picture of Bayo
net Charge Germana, Scota and
Britons Fall Side by Side In
In the North of France. The initial
effort of the massed German strength
to tear their way through the allies'
lines at Yprea and thus drive In the
opening wedge by which their sweep
of the French coast was to be made
possible was broken by one of the
moat superb and self-sacrificing dis
plays of heroism ever attempted by a
body of soldiers.
The attack opened with a terrific
cannonade against the British posi
tions Shells tore in, shrieking and
bursting m a mad tumult of death,
scarring the British trenches, blasting
through bomb-proofs and making an
Inferno of the allies' position.
I'nder Cover of the furious artillery
fire the German columns started to
advance at the double. Rank upon
rank, regiment upon regiment, tney
loomed through the amoke held low
as a screen by the dense fog that pre
vailed. The word passed along the
British tienches that this waa the su
preme effort of the derman advance.
While the flrat line was setting it
self firm to withstand the shock of
the fierce Impact they knew was com
ing, a great wave of Britons boiled
up and over the edge of the British
ditch.-. They roUed pell mell down
the approach to the trenches and when
they scrambled fo their feet there
were two regiments of them one
Scottish and a regiment of the guards.
They formed quickly, with bayonets
fixed, and went down Into the center of
the gray line of advancing Germans,
yelling a battle cry that was blood
stlrrtng. They charged like demons.
The artillery of the alllea opened
fire behind them to give them cover,
but soon they had advanced pasithe
range of safety at which the French
gunners might fire without hitting the
charging llrte of Britons.
The Germans came on at a steady
tread. In numbers that It seemed must
ngulf the two linea charging down
Then came the clash. It was cold
ateel from the moment they struck
Thrusting, recoiling, parrying, coun
tering and thruating again, the Scots
and the guards fought their man hand-to-hand,
giving back before the steady
presa of Teutons, but fighting all the
They fell side by side, the Germans,
the ScnU and the gallant Britons,
those behind trampling them, but still
(hey rose and fought again until the
"dresBed" German line resembled a
mob. Confusion spread through tho
German ranks. Panic seemed to have
aelzed them, and they "milled," losing
all sense of direction, knowing only
that a horde of demons had been
turned loose In their midst and bad
made It a man-to-man fight.
The German charge waa broken, for
no front could extricate Itself from
auch a turmoil in the face of the
trem-l.es. and the Germans were forced
to retire to re-form
Reserves were brought up to fill the
gap where the brave Scota and the
gallant Britons had gone out to their
mission of death, and the line again
was In a position to hold.
In acattered twoa and threes shat
tered twos and threes the Guards
and the Scota found their lines. But
the two regimenté were done. If they
had broken the German advance they
had given their lives to do it. Not a
small company was left of the two
GERMANS STEAL GUN SECRET
American Device, Sold to England,
Reported Used in Big Siega
New York That the English gov
ernment baa under consideration a
device, the Invention of Americana, to
give shells a rotary motion before they
leave the gun and that the secret al
ready haa beeu stolen and sold to Uer-
strike thorn a
Rive them a c
friend is he w
bessrars and sat
mm gjftr. WMS& mm
jpSigEgffl lfSCS32all BraiG&fiSSel HpII
rhese inks are a guaranteed product, it Hows freely, does not gum
and is made for a high and drv climate, "it's All Write."
Desks, Filing Cabinets, Latest Improved Sec
tional Book Cases and Unifiles
Typewriter Supplies, Oils, Ribbons,
Brush es, etc., Carbons and Type
Cimarron Publishing Company
For Good, Up -
I Merchandise in Boots,
- Goods, Notions, Hats,
- A- d a
. muiré, carpets, uiass
I ware. Wall HaDer.
PRICES AND QUALITY GUARANTEED
Matkin Supply Company i
Mail Orders Promptly Attended To
Cimarron Transfer Co.
J. W. Swearingen, Prop.
Livery, Feed. Hay, Grain, Coal and Ice
Camping Parties of Four or More Taken
to the Mountains in Auto Truck at Rea
sonable Rates. Phone 56
many and la responsible for the re
markable effectiveness of the 42-centimeter
aiege guns that reduced the
forta at IJege and other cltiea la the
startling atory going the rounds of
semiofficial circle in Washington and
This device, it was aald. would do
away with rifling inside big guns and
greatly lengthen their lives, aa It la
the wearing out of the rifling that
makes large guna uaeleas after 20. 60
or 100 ahots.
The atory la that the aecreta of the
invention were stolen and sold to the
German general ataff at the outset of
the great war.
Stops Extortion. '
Merlin. To, huaband the reaources
of the empire and prevent extortion
when the supplies diminish aa an in
evitable result of the war, the federal
council, or bundearat, haa fixed a acale
of maximum prices for all cereals
The price of wheat U highest, with
They're Not "Cofdstream."
London. A correspondent writing
to one of the papers aaya:
"Don't talk about 'Coldatreama.' It
1 quite wrong They .are the 'Cold
stream guarda' or the 'ColflMreatnera.
1 bad this from one ot their officer,
and ha was very Insistent about It-'
Thought He'd Try.
London. A Hi-otel 'uati v
been out of work for nine in
piled for a slice ol KM re
When told he could scarcely
his loss of wtfrk to the war, h
cheerfully. "Oh weel, I did
I wad get onything l t i
wad ste If there wis ouytiii
about. I'm no cario ."
quart tí .
Furniture and Supplies
to - date Standard
Shoes, Clothing, Dry
Hillinery, Trunks, Fur-
war - -
itiina, wooden and lin-
Urusrs and Stat innerv
Carry a full line of
COFFINS an o CASKETS
Cimarrón, N. M.
All uespaumg in the W. S. Pasture in
Colla county, whether lor the pu'pose of
buntinK. tithing, pulling wild fruit, or cut
ting (ire wood, or for any purpose whatso
ever, without leave, ia strictly prohibited
and all trespauers will be prosecuted to
the lull extent ol the law.
(Signed) WILLIAM FKKNCH.
for W S Land A Cattle Co.
We offer One Hundred Dollars
Reward for any case of Catarrh
that cannot be cured by Hall's
T. J. CHENET CO., Toledo. Ql
We, the underelgned. hive known lTl
Cheney for the last 1 y,Yr aaTteLS
i lum !?.. su.ri.on th blood and mu
ient ?. Prh.i Vyf,cm Testimonials
R ail Drugrst. ' ",U pr bott1-
wwUiiF nut ruis ter " pifta