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Red River Prospector.
in i RIVER, V NEW MEXICO. If congress builds the Nicaragua ca nal Uncle Sam will And name way to take care of lu Sir Robert Ball says the earth Is moving slower, but It Is still going fast enough for most of us. Max O'Rell says girls shouldn't flirt, and that when they do they deserve all they get. Also all they fall to get. Europe's encounter with the great North American shoe has all the poig nancy that one would naturally expect. Thero will probably be no Christmas In Columbia this year. They have al ready shot up all their fireworks down there. , The director of the mint says the country needs more small coin. It Isn't hard to find people wuo need other kinds also. Harvard's basket ball team ends the season witu a deficit of 25 cents, but the football treasury Is ahead by $36, 122.41 for the year. Wouldn't It be well to terminate the Colombian revolutionary war by In augurating a continuous train service across the Held of battle? There Is something wrong In the man who can look Into a Christmas toy window without wanting to plunder the whole of it for his own hopeful. Now comes the groomless marriage to rhyme with the horseless carriage. At a Tioga. Pa. wedding a photograph was used to represent the man in the case. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge of Massa chusetts Is now almost as frequently pointed out from the galleries as Sen ator Marcus Alonzo Hanna of Ohio used to be. In case of war between the United States and a foreign power, the latter would not be inclined to place too much conlldence in the neutralization of the isthmian canal. The Christmas tree, the lighted can dle, and the cotton-trimmed amateur Santa Clans form a combination that Is beginning to worry the fire insur ance agent Just now. The bones of a mastodon recently found in Missouri Indicate that the beast had a throat six feet in diameter. And Just to think that they had no free lunch counters In those days! Perhaps there Is a close connection between Nordica's wish to play roulette for a while and her suit against the government for $4,000,000. If she fol lows her plan of resting she may need the money. In offering free vaccination with every subscription a Boston editor seems to have hit upon an original Idea. And yet the scheme is quite likely to make each new subscriber feel pretty sore for awhile. Why should the Philadelphia North American press the administration to tell how much of England's friendship lu sincere and how much false pre tence? It Is probably as sincere as ours is enough to work in harmony until some Issue urises worth fighting for. The London press solemnly asserts that the United States, having enunci ated and stood on the Monroe doctrine, must bear the burden of keeping in ternational traffic on the isthmus open. If the editors of the London papers will cast an eye over In that direction they will observe that this country is accepting the task and performing it with a thoroughness that should sat isfy all parties. A student at the state university In Washington starved himself to death and left a wife and baby destitute that he might secure an education. This is a practical demonstration of the often-stated fact that knowledge Is not confined to the schools. This man should have learned first of all that he was responsible for the welfare of his wife and baby, and that the stomach, as well as the brain needs feeding. The court decision In England that out of the Winans estate of sotnething near a dozen millions In Yankee money more than a million must be paid in death duties to the British exechequer ought to encourage rich Americans to die here rather than abroad. In this country the imposts upon big estates are by no means modest, but the tax oneeior in ureal urttain is more ex- death than he is in this renub- erbilt's cousin has obtained a from her husband because he and kissed the servant girl. are otuer men who make this when they think a darkened V 'M III H VI1 I K I 1 Ml I , t II I 11 V 1 clear themselves before His million years from now the n I h part t w 1 Hi-ford ni' tn But let's not do any wor about having to work over- n account of the change. INTERESTING ITEMS OF NEWS FROM ALL OVER NEW MEXICO While on her way home from Epls copal Church choir practice at Clayton, Mis. .Mary lfaBa fell over dead from heturt failure, Three Austrian on n construction gnng on the Hook Island extension through Guadalupe county were held up and robbed of SNIK1 lust week. Cresceus. the king of trotters. WM on exhibition at Albuqnerq.ua Christmas day and a mile was made in 2:1(1 on the half-mile track, which WM not lu the best condition. Acting Governor .1. W. Reynolds. In accordance with a time-honored cus tom, on Christmas day commuted the sentence of Convict Ernest Hurt, sen tenced to ninety years from Bernalillo COtinty f or murder. The sentence is re duced to thirty years, giving Hart about eight years to serve yet. It Is reported that. Brlgham Young, eld eat son and oideal living representa tive of the lute president of the Mor mon church, Is lying critically ill witli a complication of stomach anil nervous troubles ut his residence In I'ruitland. San .luan countv. Mr. Young passed his sixty-fifth birthday the 18th of De cember. Ad.it. Jen. V. H. Wblteman lias re ceived from Martin Lohman of Las Unices an Interesting topographical map of .New Mexico and Arizona drawn by pen and of which there Is no other copy In existence. It was drawn ill 1804 during the War of the Rebel Hon by ('apt. Allen L. Anderson at the direction of Brig. Gen. .lames U. Carle ton. Thomns D. Burns, millionaire mer chant and stork owner at Tierni Ama rilla, is interesting eastern capitalists, so it is reported, in a project to build a railroad from Santa Fe to Tlcrra Amniilla. the county seat of Itio Arri ba county, and from there to Hurango. Colorado, opening n section rich In tim ber, coal and agricultural and grazing lands. The official announcement is made that early next year the Denver & Rio Grande railroad managemnt will com mence Its work of making all the track of its lines standard gauge. A stand ard gauge line from Santa Ee to Auto nltO l therefore no longer In the Un certain future, but will be a reality be fore many months have passed. Santa IV New Mexican. The commissions of Chief Justice W. .1. Mills and Associate Justices John R. McFle and Frank v. Parker of the Supreme Court of New Mexico have arrived from Washington, but the judges will not take their oath of office under their reappointment until their present term bat expired, which will be on January HI. 1002, for Judge Frank w. Parker, ami on January -litli for Chief Justice Mills and Judge John R. McFle. The survey of the proposed change in tile main line of the Santa Fe rail road over Glorteta hill has been com pleted. The new line will be a little north of the present line and will bo mostly along the side of the hill high enough to be out of the reach of the floods of the Galisteo, In place of the present grade of four per cent, a grade of one ami one-half per cent. Is to be secured by driving a tunnel one and one half miles in length through Giorieta bill. The east end of the tun nel will be at Pigeon's, ranch. A dispatch dated at Albuquerque December i'lrd, says: To-night at 7 O'clock occurred the death of Louis 1 1 lining, u well-known capitalist and pioneer in .New Mexico, at bis home in the neighboring village of Los Lu lias. He had reached his seventieth year and was D liable to recover from a severe attack of pneumonia. Mr. Hon ing came from Hanover, Germany, ac companied by his brothers, Kraut Honing of this city and Henri Huning, n wealthy ranchman of Bholo, Arizona, lie leaves a large estate, mostly in real estate, in Albuquerque and in Valencia and Grant counties. A Santa Ee dispatch of December 28rd says: Senator V. 11. Andrews ar rived to-day from Pittsburg. IK' is president of the Santa Ee Cen tral railroad, and was East to make the Bnal arrangements for the commencement of actual con struction work on the Santa Ee Central. The engineering corps has hair completed the cross sectioning of the route, being In camp to-day be tween GaMatfloa and Ajroya Hondo. C. W. DndfOW is pulling up store houses for the Pennsylvania Develop ment Company, which has the contract for the construction of the road. The first Store houses arc being pill on the Arroyn Hondo, about six miles from Santa Ee. The convention of the New Mexican Educational Association, at Albu querque, after a three days' meeting, adjourned December 28th to meet next December In East Las Vegas. The following new officers were elected' M. E. Hickey, Albuquerque, president; Hugh Owens. Silver City, vice presi dent; Miss Ella Bergcr. Santa Ee, sec retary; L. C. Butcher, Las Vegas, rail road secretary: Hiram Hadley, Las Orttces, treasurer; L. L. Hewitt, Las Vegas, 0. M. Lark la, Gallup, and C. E. Hodgln, Albuquerque, are the execu tive committee. The convention was the largest gathering of school teachers ever held ill tile territory and ubout fitly new names were enrolled as addi tional just before adjournment. A report reached Santa Ee Decem ber 'JNth tbut a pistol tight occurred the previous Sunday at the mining camp of .1 ioaiilla. Lincoln county, in which several persons were shot. The light took place lu Samuel McEadden's saloon. Manual Chaves, a byst'llider, was shot In the right thigh with a bul let intended for Modesto Dlibarrl. Me- Eudden then opened tire. L'lihurrl made a grasp at McEadden's pistol, which was discharged, but the bullet was deflate! cd, striking Chaves. The pistol was then taken from l'lihurrl by Joseph Dodsou, who struck Ulibnrri over tile head with It until be fell un conscious. Ygnacio Qeaaales, a friend of Dlibarrl, then attacked Hudson, but also retired with his sculp laid op, u. The matter Is now lu the law courts. Postmasters have been naiiKMl for New Mexico as follows: Andrewa, William Orothera; Grant, Emil biuoi (Jimilnlnpitn. Jacob Rcgcushurg. Eruneis Clutton. formerly a resident of Colfax county. In this territory, where he owned a stock ranch for a dozen years, but who for some years P08l has been ii citizen of Denver, com mitted suicide on Friday last (Decem ber 90tb) by shooting himself through tin- head at the Denver stock yards. lie was an Englishman about Ofty-two years of age, and very well connected. About fifteen years ago he was mar ried to Miss Louise Polls, daughter of M. P. Pells, now of Deliver, and for merly for many years manager of the Maxwell laud grant Company ill Colfax county. It Is asserted that the recent death 'if a young son preyed upon bis mind ami was probably the cause of his suicide, but there Is nothing certain concerning this. The deceased hud n any friends In New Mexico, especial ly in Colfax county, who greatly regret his death and whose Sympathies nre extended to his family. Santa Ee New Mexican. HoKlnley Monument Fund. , Major It. J. Pal en, treasurer of the McKinley National Memorial Associa tion Auxiliary Committee for New Mexico, has received flu- following con tributions toward the project to erect a national memorial to the late Presi dent McKinley at Canton. Ohio: New Mexico Normal University at Las Vegas $1S.40 New Mexico School of Mines.... 17.90 Citizens of Alamagordo 38.40 New Mexico Military Institute at Koswell 4.00 Sisters of Loretto, Socorro 2..'iO Total $8i.oe New Mexico lleHperaHo Killed. A Santa Ee dispatch of December 28 rd to the Denver Republican says: "Sllpery" Stevens, horse thief. -jnll breaker, holdup and all around bad man. who recently escaped from the San Juan county jail at Aztec, wound up his earthly career at Pagosa Junc tion, Colorado, Sunday, being killed while resisting arrest. Stevens arrived ut Pagosa early Sun day morning on an east bound freight train. About noon he Called at Cad well's hotel, volunteering to chop wood in lieu of -asb for his dinner, and while seated at the table three wandering musicians who had stopped at Aztec In their travels and had seen Stevens lu jail, at once recognized him and called him by name. Stevens lost no time in leaving the dining room, but Instead of striking out across country, went to a nearby sawmill, climbed up over the boilers and removed his shoes for the purpose of renting and warm ing his feel. Ii soot) became noised around nBi' was and Constable E. C. (iuincs, being advised of Stevens' many crimes ami escapes, secured a revolver and set out to make his arrest, Ii did not take long to locate bis man and, walking up In front of him. Games drew his re volver, say lug: "Stevens. I am an offi cer: hands op." Stevens smiled sarcastically and in raising his bands attempted to bring Into play the revolver he had forcibly borrowed from Jailer Carter of Aztec, with the result that Games fired and Slovens fell over dead, with a bullet in bis head. Institutions Must Report, Major R. J. Palen. president, and Hon. Benjamin M Read, secretory of the board of trustees of the New Mex ico Asylum for Hie Deaf and Dumb, on behalf of the said board, have been the first to comply with that new and important provision of law. "An act requiring territorial institutions to ac count for all public moneys received by them," approved by liovernor Otero on March 21, 1001, This act, among other thing!, makes it the duty of tile several boards of managers of terri torial charitable and other institutions which receive ally money from the ter ritoiial treasury, at the end of each fiscal year to make an itemized and de tailed statement of all receipts ami dls- bursetnents of such institutions up to and Including the bust day of the said fiscal year, which shall be sworn to as correct by the secretary, treasurer, or other accounting officer of such institu tion who draws and receives the terri torial funds, and shall be transmitted to the 'governor of the territory within the first thirty days of the new lineal year, and any failure on the part of any person or officer to perform such duly subjects such persou to removal from his position, and In case he is u bonded officer, if shall be considered as a breach of bin bond and be a mis demeanor in office, for which he may be fined lu any sum not exceeding s",oo. Dor less than Mhi which shall be re covered from nun nud the sureties on his bond as a penalty. The governing boards of the several educational In stitutions of the territory, at the same time when this annual Statement Is made, iilso make and transmit to the governor a list of the pupils enrolled lu such Institution on the last day of the preceding fiscal year, stating the Dame, age, residence uud grade of eiich pupil. The several territorial, charitable or other Institutions which are required thus to file one or both of the annual statements above referred to are as fol lows: The University at Alboqnerqoei the College of Agriculture and Mechan ic Arts at Mesllla Park; the School of Mines at Socorro; the Military Institute at Roswcll; the Normal School at Silver City; the Normal University at Lus Vegas; the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb at Snntu Ee; the Asylum for the Insane at Las Vegas; the penitentiary at Santa Ee; the Sisters' hospital at Al buquerque; the Relief Society of Lus Vegas; the Eddy county hospital at Carlsbad; the Orphan usyluiu at Santa Ee; the Ladies' hospital at Deinlng; tit. Vincent's hospital at Sunta Ee; the Grant comity hospltul ut Silver Clly; and the Sisters of Mercy hospital at Silver City. Suuta Ee New Mexican. GENERAL MACARTHUR TALKS ABOUT PHILIPPINE PROBLEM Denver, Dec. 31. General Arthur MacArthur nrrived in Denver Sunday, preparatory to taking command of the department of the Colorado. In an In terview published In the Republican General MacArthur discussed the Phil ippines with which he was connected ro prominently for three years up to last August, as the commander of the American forces. "I am glad to be quoted," h said. ":is an optimist on the Philippines. Causes of public despondency concern ing them nre traceable to surface Indi cations only, and a pcaeeab;.1 satisfac tory situation there will work much sooner than ninny anticipate. English will be the language of the law courts in five years, and at the present time agreements of nil parties may be made to transact business in English. The desire of the people Is to lenru It, and they nre doing so very rapidly. Ninety per cent, of the population Is pacified at this time. The disturbance Is kept up by a few leaders, principal of which are Malvar and Lnckbnn. They nre able to keep the field because the coun try is rough. The secret of our success there has been their Inability to recu perate stores of ammunition nnd arms. It Is a far more rough country than nre those Rocky mountains, which has made military operatlonji exceedingly difficult We are introducing our edu cational system and our business meth ods and as the peoplo have gradually realized what our mission Is that it has been and will be to Improve their coalitions our Institutions and ways are accepted gladly. "They were preparing for a republi can form of government when Dewey dropped down In Manila bay. Their rebellion against the Spaniards had been organized. It was as if Dewey had droppped from a planet. They could not understand It any more thnn we in this country could If a fleet or an army should drop on us from a planet and announce superior strength. We would be unlikely to concede such REVENUE LAW IS DECLARED TO BE UNCONSTITUTIONAL Denver, Dec. 31 In the federal court yesterday afternoon at 2 o'clock Judge Riner delivered a decision lu which he sustained the claim that the law creating a state board of thirteen assessors was unconstitutional and that the Legislature had no power, without a cons' itutlonnl amendment, to delegate to any body of assessors the right to tax property which was out side the lines of their individual coun ties. The decision In effect defeats one of the most Important points in the new revenue law. It has caused con sternation among state officials, who realize that without prompt action there may be no legal method of col lecting the taxes for the year 1001. After two consultations with the Board of Equalization and the attor neys who have bei u called upon for advice it was decided by Governor Or man that the only course left oism was to apply to the Supreme Court to with draw the writ of supersedeas and byre-creating the State Board of Equali zation, which was abolished by the new revenue law, to extend the assess ments made by the State Board of As sessors and certify them as assess ments made by the State Board of Equalization acting under the old law. There are so many phases of the le gal tangle In which the state officials are involved that they do not know which way to steer in order to insure the collection of tnxes for 1001. After discussion with legal advisers they concluded that the only course oion was to muke the assessments under the old law, acting as a State Board of Equalization. It is entirely possible that the question may be raised in the courts thut, owing to the passage of the new revenue law which repealed 4-v-f f-ft-v-f-fvt-v-vv -: AN INJUNCTION STOPS THE RAILROAD MERGER Minneapolis, Dee. 31. Judge Elliott of the District Court of Hennepin coun ty yesterday grunted a temporary or der restraining the officers of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company from retiring the preferred stock of that company. The order was Issued on the application of Peter Power of New York, who holds 100 shares of the common stock. It was supiiosed thut the failure of the uctlon brought In the New York courts by holders of pre ferred stock cleared away the lust ob itacle to the retirement of the pre ferred Oil January 1st, leaving the Hill Interest in control of the roud through Its majority of the common stock. It is Inferred, although it does not so appear, that the present action is brought in behalf of the Harriman In terest to prevent control passing out sf its hand for nnother year, or until the legal standing of the Northern Se curities Company is settled. Helena, Mont., Dec. 30. No action was taken to-c'.uy at the meeting of the governors und attorneys general of the Northwestern stutes called to consider plans for opposing the proposed consol idation of the Northern Pacific, Great Northern and Burlington railway sys tems. Erom the discussion at these meetings, however, 't was considered probable that the plan of Governor Van Sant of Minnesota will be in dorsed by the executives of other states who were present nnd that the light against the rnllroud consolidation will be carried to a finish. Cblneae Miulonarlee Huncrad. London, Dec. 31. The Shanghai cor respondent of the Express cables that a missionary and a number of Christian converts have been massacred at Nlng Sha Fu. In Kan Su province, where Prince Tuan and Geueral Tung Euh Slang are residing. The correspondent says that it Is asserted tbut the troops of General Tung Euh are responsible for the mausut re. a fore from an unknown country until we had tested it for some time and learned the real purpoee of Its coming. "Of the 8,000,000 or 0,000,000 people tn the islands but u small per cent, speaks Spanish. There has been no common language, because the Span iards kept the large majority broken up In dialects as assurance ngainst In trigue against Spanish domination. Their ideal Is now for a common Inn gunge, and the masses can learn Eng lish as easily as Sianlsh. Eor the reason that we have a philanthropic duty to perforin In this and hundreds of other respects, we can never relin quish the Islands. The American Hag must stay there." The commercial aspect of the islands has changed little since we took pos session, mnlnly for the ronsnn that so long ns the Insurrection continued cap ital hesitated to go In. The business houses that controlled before we went there had been established for years. They could not get away If they bad desired. During the transitory period money did not go In, but it will witli the political trnnqullllzation under wny. It must be an evolution, nnd consequently gradual. The Spanish financial Interests nre protected by the treaty of Purls. The financial Inter ests of other foreigners are protected by International law. To get lu and secure the business Americans will have to do Just us Americans do when they go Into any other uW field of operations. Undoubtedly possession of the Islands by this government will re dound to the ndvantage of Americans, but our chief advantage will be tn the fact that we nre satisfied to do busi ness on smaller profits than lie for eigners established there. They are not satisfied with less than forty per cent, and sixty per cent, is not unusual. Our people will do business on fifteen per cent. This fact is already recognized by the established commercial circles, hence the Manila business men do not look with favor on the advent of Americans among them. the act crenting the Board of Equaliza tion there is no such body lu existence. The members of the board will assert that by withdrawing the writ of super sedeas Judge Dlxou's decision that the new revenue law is unconstitutional will be in force. The state has taken an appeal from this decision, but, pend ing uu opinion on this by the Supreme Court maintains that Judge Dixon's de cision leaves the old law In operation and that the state officials have the right to Impose a tax under that meas ure. The legal jiolnts Involved nre so complex that state officials are at a loss to know what decisive action they can take In the mutter. One point is generally conceded, and that Is unless some action is taken before midnight to-night the revenues for 1001 may be In danger. All discus sion of an extra session has been tem porarily abandoned in the effort to de termine upon some plan by which the taxes for 1001 may be collected. Al though there nre objections to every method which has yet been suggested the plan of re-creating the State Board of Assessors has been decided uikiu as the most feasible. Attorney General Post yesterday asked the judges of the Supreme Court to meet this morning to bear a motion to withdraw the writ of supersedeas without prejudice to the case. It is argued that In tills way the standing of the case now before the Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of the new revenue law will not In any way be affected, but that the state officials will be enabled to make the nssossiuent under the old law nud leave the dispute over the validity of the revenue law to be passed upon by the Supreme Court at a later date. fv-fv-M-t-f t tmt WAR CLOUDS GATHER IN SOUTH AMERICA New York, Dec. 31. Germany's dis pute with Venezuela over the collection of claims ngainst the latter country held by German subjects Is rapidly be coming of international Importance. Germany is prepared to seize Venezue lan ports if necessary to vuforca her demands. It is feared President Cas tro will try to meet force wltk force. France also has claims agulnst Vene zuela and may follow Germany's dem onstration by taking similar action. Great Britain is still another European power to whose subjects Venezuela has failed to pay Indebtedness due, and like Germany, she may use force to compel settlement. The United States, deeply interested In the outcome of Venezuela's troubles, Is determined that no power shall in fringe upon the Monroe doctrine and ii doing all it can as peacemaker. One importunt result of Its representations Is Germany's decision to postpone her demonstration long enough to give President (.'astro a chance to prove his ability or Inability to cope with revolu tionists who are trying to overthrow him. The Venezuelan government declares that Hern Kuoop Is aiding the revolu tionists against President Castro and is not a lit person to deal with the au thorities. Will Release Oerouluw. Guthrie, O. T., Dec. 81. General Ernuk Armstrong, as an agent of the War Department, is now at Fort Sill, Oklahoma territory, vinklng arrange ments for tlie release of Chief Geron imo and the 200 Arizona Apache In dians who are held by the government as prisoners of war. They were cap tured by General l.diwton twelve years ago after a 3,000 mile campaign. They will be allotted land by the govern ment. i Health raUliig. London, Dec. 31. A dispatch to a news agency from Rome says that tha Peje i subject to serious fainting fits. THE BEET SUGAR INDUSTRY. A most Important article, giving Meeurs. Oxnard's and Cuttinss views ee the Beet Sugar Industry tat this country, appeared on the editorial page of the New York Evening Post of De comber 12th, 1901, and as every house-' hold In the land is interested in sugar the article will be of universal interest. "The Evening Post bids the heartiest welcome to every American Industry that can stand on Its own bottom and make its way without leaning on the poor rates. Among these self-supporting industries, we are glad to know, is the production of beet sugar. At all events, It was such two years ago. We publish elBewhere a letter written in 1899, and signed by Mr. Oxnard and Mr. Cutting, the chiefs of this Indus try on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains, showing that this was the happy condition of the trade at that time. If parties masquerading as beet sugar producers are besieging the Pres ident and Congress at this moment, and pretending f.bat they will be ruined if Cuban Bugar is admitted for six months at half the present rates of duty, their false pretences ought to be exposed. "The letter of Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting was probably written for the purpose of Inducing the farmers of the Mississippi valley to go more largely into the cultivation of beets for tha sugar factories. This was a laudable motive for telling the truth and show ing the large profits which awaited both the beet-grower and the manufac turer If the industry were persoverlng ly and intelligently prosecuted. To this end It was pointed out that farmers could clear $65 per acre by cultivating beets, and might even make $100. But in order to assure the cultlVtnrthat he would not be exposed to rerses by possible changes In the tarifT, they proceeded to show that the industry stood in no need of protection. "The beet sugar industry, these gen tlemen say, "stands on as firm a basis us any business in the country." They point out the fact a very important one that their product comes out as a finished article, refined and granulat ed. It Is not, like cane-sugar grown In the West India Islands, a black and offensive paste, which must he carried in wagons to the seaboard and thence by ships to the United States, where, after another handling, It is put through a costly refinery, and then shipped by rail to the consumer, who may possibly be In Nebraska alongside a beet sugar factory which turns out the refined and granulated article at one fell swoop. Indeed, the advan tages of the producer of beet sugar for supplying the domestic consumption are very great. We have no doubt that Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting are within bounds when they say that 'sugar can be produced here cheaper than it can be in Europe.' The reasons for this are that " 'The sugar Industry Is, after all. merely p- agricultural one. We can undersell Europe In all other crops, and sugar Is no exception.' "It follows as naturally as the mak ing of flour from wheat. If we can produce wheat cheaper than Europe, then naturally we can produce flour cheaper, as we do. "But the writers of the letter do not depend upon a-prlori reasoning to prove that they can make sugar at a profit without tariff protection. They point to the fact that under the McKinley tariff of 1890, when sugar was free of duty, the price of the article was 4 cents per pound. Yet a net profit of $3 per ton was made by the beet-sugar factories under those conditions, not counting any bounty on the home production of sugar. They boast that they made this profit while working under absolute free trade, and they have a right to be proud of this result of their skill and Industry. Many beet-sugar factories had been ctarted in bygone years, back in the sixties and seventies of the nine teenth century, and had failed because the projectors did not understand the business. Since then great progress has been made, both here and abroad, in the cultivation and manipulation of the beet. What was impossible thirty years ago is now entirely feasible. The in dustry is already on a solid and endur ing basis.' There are factories In the United States, these gentlemen tell us In their letter, capable of using 3b0im tons of beets per annum at a profit of $3 per ton, and this would make a profit of $1,050,000 as the income to be earned under absolute free trade. "It must be plain to readers of this letter, signed by the captains of the beet-sugar Industry, that the people in Washington who are declaiming against the temporary measure which the President of the United States urges for the relief of the Cuban peo ple, are either grossly Ignorant of the subject, ur are practising gross decep tion. The tenable ground for them Is to say: 'Other people are having pro tection that they do not need, and therefore we ought to have more than we need." This would be consistent with the letter of Messrs. Oxnard and Cutting, but nothing else is so." Will Learn America. It is officially announced in Vienna that, owing to the fact that American shoes are invading the Austrian mar ket, the ministry of commerce has bought a number of the latest Ameri can shoemaklng muchlues and will shortly Institute a series of lectures and demonstrations for the benefit of the Austrluu shoe manufacturers uud operatives. When there Is a turkey gobbler on the table there are usuully other tuc key gobblers seated around It. In spite of all opposition. Pat Oarret f New Mexico Pot lhti El Puso collector nip. Gum-IB ulwuys come on top. m ".."l? J"? 3 who. '"rsed a pension m davit had been wUe enough to ahun thi pan bs might have kept out of tha uen.