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Red River Prospector
CO. College Influence. By those who have watched th rapid growth of the colleges and uni versities fears are often expressed that personal contact between presi dent and students, between professors and pupils, will be lost, If It has not been lost already; and that so the best part of a college education will be forfeited. The definite charge, by a writer In a recent number of the Outlook, that in one college at least this condition has already come to ,pa8S, brought out some Interesting correspondence. Ono woman mentions a professor who not only knew all "his boys" while they were under his Instruction and helped them by per sonal advice and friendly social inter course, but has kept In touch with every one of them since they were graduated. Once a year he sends them all a letter, and nearly all of jthem reply. The atmosphere Is al jmost like that of one great family. The misfortune of one Is the concern iof all, and all help to repair it. The 'correspondents cite other colleges and other men to show that Inter course between faculty and students :1s growing more Intimate instead of more remote; and no one has consid ered it necessary to cite for every ionc knows the definite system which ;most of the colleges have for bringing jail the students under the direct per isonal Influence of some of the pro fessors of other Instructors. Candid graduates of 40 or 50 years ago, If they are familiar with present college conditions, nearly always admit that the relations to-day are simpler and more familiar. The old-time professor, however beneficent, his Influence, wa3 !too often a man of austere dignity, Iwhich made him unapproachable. His modern representative may be regard led with less awe, but not with less ;ffectlon. One thing must be remem 'bered, remarks Youth's Companion, It itukes two to form friendship as well 'is to make a quarrel. The student ftnust meet advances half way. If he idoes, there Is little danger In any col Jege, large or small, that he will go Ithrough the course friendless or with jout the helpful Influence of close con Itact and acquaintance with "praeses et professores." iJrartiral Utility nf Atraljtp a fomg Wag ff By JOHN RITCHIE. JR., Boston Scientific Society. HIS is an interesting anil important question, about which much is written in a very optimistic way. Man has been ex perimenting along two different lines of investigation with a view to the solution of the problem of flying through the air with balloons and with aeroplanes. Although the balloon has been fairly familiar to us for more than 100 years and has done many things that it was not expected to do, still as a means of navigating the air it is practically as unmanageable as when in 1 85 our own Dr. Jeffries, of Boston, crossed the channel from England to France in a balloon filled with gas. It. is perfectly true that the dreams of to-day become the realities of to-morrow, but for aerial navigation the dream has been a long one and the morrow has surely not yet dawned. A trilling discovery may at any time bridge the gap between theory and prac tice, but the actual advance is not yet much to boast about. It is not to be understood that the balloon is not of any use at all. for on the contrary, as was suggested at the beginning of this article, it has helped in many ways that were not expected of it. By its means very much has been learned of the conditions existing in the upper air, conditions which have everything to do with our weather to-morrow and the day after. The balloon has been of a good deal of ephemeral value, when, as at Paris, it has been the means of conveying messages, and even an ardent astron omer, over the heads of the besiegers to places of neutrality and safety. Then, again, they have been of use in a military way, not in the dread work of carrying aloft quantities of high explosives and dropping them into tho camps of the enemy, but as vantage posts from which to inspect his en trenchments or his movements. And then again thev have furnished a new sport for the rich, one which has the advantages of being expensive, ex clusive and thrilling. But toward the practical navigation of the air the balloon has contributed very little appreciable aid since Montgolficr and Jeffries made their memorable ascents a century and more ago. Heroines. From the earliest times It has been idemanded of men that they shall be ;strong and brave; as civilization ad vances. It begins to be required that jthey shall be gentle as well be gen itlemen, No less Is it tfue, although lesi often recognized, that as the 'standard of man's gentleness has been iralsed, so has that of woman s cour iage. In the old romances, when danger threatened, the Imperiled heroine fainted, and the ever-ready hero happened along and rescued her, a bundle of inert loveliness. When trouble lowered, she did not brace iherself to meet It; she poured forth ifloods of feeble tears and pages of lamentations. Nothing more was ex ipected of her. The modern woman, ilf she does not always keep cool In Itlmes of peril and how often she .does! and If we still forgive much iof her nerves, and her lesser training Jto encounter danger, has learned at least not to pride herself upon weak mess. Swoonine and hysterics are .things to be ashamed of nowadays. (Moreover, we have come to perceive that there are circumstances In which a woman Is bound to show courage ibound In honor, as a man Is bound and is disgraced if flic prove a cow rd. Even In the days of fainting loveliness some forms of heroism In women were admitted and praised that of the mother protecting her children, that of the daughter cour ageously standing by her parent, that of the girl defending her lover, nut ito-day, says Youth's Companion, worn ien recognize other and wider obliga tions; those of the nurse to her pa tients, the teacher to her pupils, the college girl to her chum, tho fore iwoman to her girls, the girl who can swim or ride or run or shoot to any iperson In danger whom her skill may isave. Whoever reads the dally pa ;pers for what Is fine In them, rather than for what Is sordid or horrible, may recall a score of recent Incidents llllustrattng the ready courage of wom i,n on behalf of others. And the rec ord, already nobly ample, grows dally. It Is a record of deeds as gracious and womanly as they are heroic. Hayard Taylor's lines written of fighting ,men abroad are no less true today of peaceful women at home who do brave deeds. Nor have the aeroplanes contributed to the science as much as one might wish. Although ever since the days of Leonardo da Vinci, geologist, poet, artist and engineer, experiments have been made and hosts of them, still the question of Darius Green, "The birds can fly and why can't I?" has not been satisfactorily answered. As a question in physics there seems not to be the slightest doubt about it, that with sufficient power an aero plane can maintain itself and its load in the air. The mathematical por tion of the problem Las been so far developed that according to the testi mony of one of my friends, himself among the foremost of the physicists, the principal matters for study are the starting and alighting. But still the aeroplane has not made much for practical man flight. There has been the hope that the great invention of light weight, high-powered engines that the automobile has demanded might solve the difficulty, and it can hardly be that this will not be an efficient factor, but the practical results, the ac complished flights are far from satisfactory. It is true that the Wright brothers have made flights of some miles, and have, it is said, interested the French government in their work, but they are, themselves, but at the very beginning of the problem. If it were a question of navigating with or against some mild-man nered trade wind whose direction and force were reasonably constant day after day, the present condition might be considered perhaps a sensible advance. But in the weather of the northeastern United States the matter is a very different one. Under our variable conditions of direction and velocity of wind the minimum of speed developments must needs be very high. In my own judgment, this should be not less than 100 miles an hour. A less strongly powered oeroplane, caught by one of our ordinary gales, would be blown to sea perhaps, or at least driven before the wind, with no possibility of return till the wind had subsided. This is not a pleasant pre dicament to consider and is a highly dangerous one. Unless such a possi bility be guarded against it would be unsafe to start even in a calm. Thus the minimum for bare safety in air flight must actually equal or exceed our present maximum for locomotive engines under the best of conditions. With this fact in view, it becomes evident that safe and successful man flight is a problem which we seem hardly to have begun to attack, and whose solution seems to be - a matter for the distant future to J4j?t. accomplish. (y tlj? Airtnmnbtb The honor of having the first real American senator In congress will be long to Oklahoma If she concludes to send one of her distinguished red men to Washington. Inside of 6ix years, and ten at the most, we will have roads that will make the commercial automo bile one of the biggest, factors in the economic question of the day. The saving in freight rate and consequent sav ing to the consumer that will come through good roads for commercial automobile transportation are bound to make the road question one that will have to be considered by legislatures. By EDWARD HEWITT. Automobile Expert. SENATOR INVOLVED IN FRAUDS Francis Emroy Warren, whose name hai been dragged Into In Investigation of westen land frauds. In which millions of dollars wort! of property is said to have been stolen from tht government, Is a United States senator fron Wyoming. He was Wyoming's first state gov ernor and was twice governor of the territory. At a federal grand Jury Inquiry In Salt Lakt City Michael A. Meyendorff, a Bpeclal agent oi the government, submitted affidavits alleging ho men were picked up In the streets of Denver ant were paid four dollars each to sign their namei to powers of attorney, relinquishments and afft davits which were used by railroads to acquirt title to coal lands In Wyoming. Meyendorff declared that efforts had beet made by Influential men to Induce him to cease the investigation of the coal land frauds, naming In this connection Senators Warrer; and Clark, ol Wyoming, and others. Senator Warren was a poor boy In Massachusetts who served as a prl vate In the civil war. He went west with a construction gang and helped build the Chicago & Rock Island road. He settled in Cheyenne, became inter ested in live stock and took to ranching. He owns to-day 100,000 sheep, besides cattle, horses and real estate. He Is president of the Cheyenne Fuel, Light and Gas company. No one admires the beauty, vivacity and wit of American women more than King Edward and he duke of Connaught. Both constantly seek the society of their cousins from across the sea, but In this the king's motives are more unselfish than those which actuate his brother. The king sks only to be entertained spiritually, so to say; the duke looks to his material welfare. When the duke of Connaught goes to his London house for a week he always arranges to dine out every night. Stiff English society bores the duke and his wife; they must be "drawn out." It Is very difficult really to amuse them. But the generosity of American women appeals to the uke, as well as their wit and beauty. Indeed the duke of Connaught is developing a miserll- ess worthy of his ancestors, the Georges. He allows only IH.500 a year to his son. Prince Arthur, who belongs to a crack cavalry regiment. The duke of Connaught is Prince Arthur, third son of the late Queen Victoria. At present he Is Inspector general of the British forces, and Is said to have arranged a winter trip to India and Burmah at public expense. The duke was born in 1850 and was married in 1879 to Princess Louise of Prussia His daughter Is the wife of the eldest son of the crown prince of Sweden A man In the west has killed him self by eating llmburger cheeBe, but the average man who is tired of life will prefer to die an ejtsler death. rbe automobile may have its faults, butTwon't run lay when a small Ik i BBBUijLaV!A A state commission with an appropriation sufficient to interlace the roads of New York state and Jersey with freight auto roads would be one of the most commendable of all the commissions that we could have at pros cnt. I)ng Island has only one road that leads to Long Island City that is worth the name. That should not be. The freight hauling of Long Island could even now be done by auto mobiles with great saving to the consumer if there were roads that admitted of it. France, Germany and Switzerland have been using the freight auto mobile for years, and yet we think we are a progressive nation. Tim nlensure car must eive wav M a factor of manufacture to the w commercial car, and as soon as the men whi control the big output of cars realize that then the movement toward WO kind of roads we must have must begin to take shape, and it is coming in) the very near future. 1 Just as soon as the big controllers in the manufacturing market sec I hat their future ami big profit lies in thefj ,.! or car, and that they need good roads for I lie same, thygtf get! the newspapers to start an agitation sufficiently JM k't Ww kind of legialu Lion they ueel for the sam f?N ECONOMICAL DUKE THE AGE OF CLAY. MISS Wr0 JILTED A DUKE Miss Theodora Shonts, the daughter of Theo dore P. Shonts, president of the Panama cana: commission, did not say she was not engaged tc be married to Due de Chaulnes. She said Instead: "I am not guilty." This Is taken bj friends of Miss Shonts as being an exceedlnglj direct way ot rapping the ducal pride. Thf Frenchman has been an untiringly persistent wooer, and If this "not guilty" slap does not ooo his ardor probably nothing will. Miss Shonts and her sister, Marguerite, II has been widely announced, will enter Washing ton society this winter. As a matter of fact, the have been in society way In for more than a year. They were presented at half the courts In Europe last year and King Edward was si charmed with their wholesome Americanism that he had the queen invite them twice to afternoon tea. Due de Chalnes met the Shonts sisters in Paris and he fell In love with the younger one. Of course Miss Shonts is rich, and the duke needs monej llkt- most of the French dukes, but people who saw the duke's devotion declare that there is no doubt that he would be glad to marry the American girl il she didn t have a cent, but she has said "not guilty," and that probably hat settled It as far as De Chaulnes is concerned. BUILDER OF BIG TUNNEL Rapidly Supplanting Iron and Steel for Many Uses. In spite of the fact that the largest corporation In the world is devoted to the exploitation of Iron and steel the people who like to look ahead aie al ready prophesying the end of the Iron age. It Is pointed out that we can al ready compute the amount of Iron ore still in sight, and the number of years which It will require to exhause these deposits. The question which arises Is what Is to be the substitute for -on. The ex perts have an answer ready. We will return to the age of clay. Iron, according to the late Professor Shaler, is first to go out of use for re taining vessels. After a while ther will be no more Iron buckets and bath tubs and boilers. The retaining ves sels of the future, like those of our sav age forbears, will be made of clay. Al ready a new spirit. Is entering the pot tery of the world, and the ceramic In dustry Is recovering the lost glories of Its antiquity. Sheet Iron will be come too expensive for roofs, and tiles will be more used. Even now they are regaining a vogue In American country houses. Iron for structural purposes will fol low the way of iron for retaining ves sels. For all Its shell of brick and stone, New York Is a steel city, a masked dream of the iron age, a metal skeleton, Incased. Sometime its steel skyscrapers and its ster-' bridges will be curiosities. The houses and bridges of the future, many of them, will be built of cement. Many of them are be ing built of cement. The cement house Is a modified ver sion of the adobe dwelling of the In dians of the Southwest. It Is tho clay age reassarting Itself In a novel form. In this form Indeed that age is al ready on the scene, shouldering out the iron age In a thousand places. America produced only about a mil lion and a half barrels of cement In 1897 Last year the output wps 2CV 000,000 barrels. The supply Is practi cally Inexhaustable. It Is claimed for the cement house that It can be erected In half the time of another house and at much less expense. William Gibbs McAdoo, president of the New York & Jersey Railroad company, is about to real ize the dream of his life in the completion of his gigantic system of railroad tunnels under the Hudson river. The work was begun U years ago. More than $60,000,000 has been expended on the four tubes and terminals. The great $8,000,000 22-story terminal station, occupying two square blocks in the heart of New York's downtown sec tion, can handle 600,000 passengers a day. For the last four years, ever since Mr. McAdoo took direct charge of the project, 3,500 men have been working night and day on the "bores" and stations. William G. McAdoo was born In Marietta, Ga., In 1863. He practiced law In Chattanooga and went to New York In 1892 as attorney for a railroad company. He Is six feet three inches in height, as raw-boned as Lincoln, as straight as an Indian, sallow-faced, lantern-jawed, with a beak so much like the bird of freedom that his Intimates have styled him "The American Eagle." In that which he undertakes he is intense and fearless. He eats but little, drinks not at all. occasionally smokes, and is always as full of go as President Roosevelt's favorite bull moose. VISIT SETS STATESMEN THINKING The Little Tin Soldier. Vance Thompson, In the Christmas Everybody's, writing of "Where the Toys Come from," describes the Nur emberg home of the toy soldier. "The soldiers are sold by the hur dredwelght," he Bays, "and lust year nearly 50,000 quintals were sent Into the United States. A pound box. which contains about 150 pieces infantry, cavalry, artillery, with such accessor ies as trees, bastions, enmps, the wounded soldiers and the dead you may buy yonder In the Troedel market for 60 cents. As every one knows, there are two kinds of toy soldiers those stamped out of flat metal, and the finer kind made In molds. Mod ern machinery as you may see In the great factories outstde the city walls has stripped the process of romance. The only hand-work is the painting of the little figures, which Is done by wo men and girls." Is the antagonism of Greece to the llomac church breaking down? This Is the big queUlor in the minds of churchmen and statesmen to-day following the visit of King George of Greece t( the Vatican. The king was accompanied by hi daughter, Grand Duchess Michaelovltch of Rus sla. The pope and his court received them wltt royal honors and the audience lasted half an hour King George himself has not shared his peo pie's antipathy to all things Roman. He was . Danish prime of 18 when he ascended the Hel lenlc throne. His foreign birth may have led th Greeks to be more outspoken against Rome that they ordinarily would, but during Lis long relgi King George has carefully regarded their wishes He was the only sovereign who did not congratu late Pope Leo on his jubilee. In Greece orthodoxy means more than rellgloui schism, being since the fourth century Iti the nature of a political and national antagonism on the part of the Hellenic against the Latin world. It Is the previous course of King George In bowing to the will of his peo pie and the high regard in whloh they hold him, that lends color to the bellel that a change of sentiment may have come over the Greeks. The Greek church numbers some 78,000,000, scattered through Russia Greece. Roumanla and Asia Minor. When the eastern and western churchet drifted apart there were three patrlachs, In Rome, Alexandria and Antloch The eastern church now has Ave, where the west has still one. Id cere monies, beliefs and practices, the two churches are almost Identical. It was one of the dreams of the late Pope Leo to unite the two (real bodies, but the opposition of GrMce made this Impossible. Denver Directory A $40 Saddle for $28co.d. For a short time only we offer thla saddle, teel horn, double rlnehen. wool-lined 28- lnch skirts. 2 -Inch stirrup leathers, steel leather - covered stir rups, warranted In ev ery respect, and equal to saddles sold for 140 everywhere. Catalogue free. The Fred Mueller Saddle HarneuCo 1413-1419 Larimer St.. Ilenver. Colo. QTnVF RMPA1K8 of every knowu max. Qlvllli of move, furnace or ranee. Oeo. A. 1'ullen. 1331 Uwreuti. 'leaver. Phone 75. cfcTTll. WILSON STOCK SADDLES Ask your dealer for them. Take no other. AMERICAN HOUSE K,raJ, rieuoL The beat $2 per day hotel In the West American plan. BROWN PALACE HOTEL r.uroiifsn i mo, .uu uuu upward. I'fl E. E. BURLINGAME & CO., ASSAY OFFICE laboratory Hit sMithrd in Colorado,1866. Samples by mall or express will receive prompt and careful attenlion Bold & Sitter Bullion "rtK.E'r Concentration Tests 100 ,&KVfoVu.!oU' 1736-1738 Lawrence St.. Denver. Colo. BOOK OF FIFTY "OLD FAVORITE SONGS" Worda and Music sent FREE on receipt of your name and address with name of ona or more persons thinking of buying a Piano. Organ or Talking Machine. THE KNIGHT-LOCKS PIANO CO.. 518-5S1 Hlvterntti St.. Denver, Colo PIANOS AND ORGANS BmSS Bend your mime with ililn iid. for Hit of Him bar l'iiIuh in plantMand orKaua, 1 i ...... n i ,..,,,,,,,, . otvime. from lfl to WS up. Hiiyer flanoa, ran lie played by anyone, 1130 up. Imtru uienu aold on eauy term utault buyer. Vlrtor talk nut murulneii lold ut fuc lory prlree on eauy teriua. write for rataloaa of our different Instrument Till: KNItiUT CAMPSKU, munio CUHPANV, 1086-31 CullfornUSt. QUI ST. Colo. Colo. Tent & Awning Co. BLANKETS, COMFORTS Larireat canvai goods Knuae In the. Want. Write for illustrated catalog. ROBT. S. QUTSHAULo Preat. 1(21 Lawrence St., Denver, Colo.