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Red River Prospector!
RED RIVER. NEW MEXICO. Incompetent Wives. There Is no greater injustice thai can be Inflicted upon a girl than for a mother to allow a daughter to enter womanhood or wifehood without a practical knowledge of a household and Its roquiremet ts. It matters not how easy her life may be made for her, how everything may be provided for her by generous parents when she lioginB her new career, nor how many servants she may have at her call, a woman is cruelly handicaped who comes to her own home without an intelligent conception of Its manage ment. It is a popular thing In cervaln "smart sets" to scoff at the utility of housekeeping, but nothing more Bure ly stamps the Intellectual caliber of a girl than an Indulgence In such feather-brained commonplaces. The girl who believes she becomes fashionable by being untrue to the best Instincts of her sex Is the girl who some day wakes up to wonder why other wo men are so happily married, and she still retains her single blessedness. Wealth does not lessen the necessity of a knowledge of home-making and home-keeping on the part of the girl, says New York Weekly. The largest retinue of servants requires a head, and an intelligent one, just as the largest business requires a master; and servants, whether in a home or in an office, are quick to discover inca pacity and take advantage of it. The woman who comes closest to the solu tion of the servant-girl problem is the woman whom her servants know is as capable of doing their work as they are themselves. Servants of any kind work best and only under direction, and proper direction requires knowl edge. No study is more vital to a girl than this. Many a girl after mar riage has wished that she knew more about cooking. The strongest love of a husband for a wife is not a safe guard for the discontent which is sure to enter a home where the wife be trays constant domestic incapacity. ,If the husband be the master of his business, he expects his wife to be the mistress of her home. Writers and public speakers have done much harm in referring to cooking as a homely art; on the contrary, no prac tical art exists which is more grace ful. A woman who fills her home In every sense of the word elicits more true applause, worthy at all of the having, than the woman endowed with any other quality. In real or supposed imitation of col lege youths, still more youthful stu dents In high schools and preparatory schools have adopted strange head gears. Instead of the modest boyish cap and the neat soft or stiff felt hat for "dress up," some fantastic boys have topped themselves with slouch hats, variously distorted in the shape of the brims, and even decorated with markings and devices. The principal of one high school has asked the boys to cast off the crazy head-coverings. The matter of decency and simplicity of dress Is really important. The boy who deliberately wears something that draws attention to himself may be pardoned by oneone with humor enough to understand boyish folly. Nevertheless, the habit of unobtrus ive dress is a good one to cultivate early. Menelik is a man of striking ap pearance. Capt. Powell Cotton of the British army found him sitting on cushions on a dais, surrounded by about 20 attendants, and he thus des cribes him: "His is a very dark, but not black face, marked by smallpox, rather even but not very white teeth, a short, grayish beard and whiskers, a face that is full of strength and shrewdness, quick in altering expres sion, and a pleasant smile and hearty laugh. His head was covered with white muslin, drawn tight on the skull. A fine rose-cut diamond In the left ear, a plain gypsy ring on the right hand, white trousers, a coat of green and yellow striped silk, a black satin cloak with gold braid and lined' with pink, was his costume." For many years the earl of Tanker ville has preached Christianity, and now he has given practical proof of the sincerity of his convictions. For the purpose of mitigating local dis tress, his lordship has reopened the lead mines on his estate at Sallbeach, Shropshire, and has offered the men all the profits, while he contents him self with taking the royalty and a small percentage on the outlay on machinery. Afghanistan's ameer was married, while he was still a little more than a boy, to seven wives, each the daugh ter of a powerful chief He now haa four wives, the eldest of whom is a shrew, whose fierce outbreaks his highness is said to bear with almost Christian fortitude. A Michigan woman wants a divorce because her husband wouldn't allow her to talk. She ought to be able to get It on the ground of extreme cruelty. OJln? Mavmb Unman By MR. ALBERT E. WINSHIP. Editor of Journal of Education. iir.nh are theoretical reasons why a married woman teacher should be excluded froia the profession, and others why she should be sperifii -n 1 1 v retained. There arc also practical rea sons for exclusion and retention. It is not enough to say that each ease should he decided on its own merits with no guiding principles. Practically every city in the country is vexed over this question, and there is no need to study the principles involved. There are as inanv reasons whv an unmarried woman should not teach permanently as there are why a manlcd woman should not, and it would he considered impertinent to array the objections to an unmarried woman's remaining in the profession, and really it is as impertinent to discuss the objections to a married wotnt.n's teaching. It stands to reason that a woman should not teach if her husband Has no specific interest in teaching or in the questions that arise in connec tion therewith, or, if she is unfortunately married as regards the honor, integrity or morality or her husband, or if she is harassed in any vay by the temper, disposition or habits of her husband, or if she has hur densome home or social duties resulting from her marriage. Of course, it may be answered that there are as many conditions in the life of an unmarried woman in family and personal relations which unfit her for the best work. On the other hand, it stands to reason that a woman can do much hotter work in the schoolroom if she has a husband who is vitally inter ested in education, as a superintendent, principal, specialist, or educa tional enthusiast, so that her home comradeship enriches Iter life, or if she has no cares, burdens and anxieties growing out of insufficient income and insecure tenure, and if she is more comfortable, contented und affec tionately circumstanced than before marriage, or if she has a good home so that she can have her salary for personal and professional luxuries. When a married woman is a candidate for a position as teacher bc yoDd the ordinary questions asked as to scholarship, experience and per sonality, there should be laid before the committee the conditions of her married life and the effect that it will probably have upon her value as a teacher. If it will enhance her interests and influence, she should by all means be retained, while if it is liable to distract, irritate and burden her, she should be excluded for these reasons, regardless of her efficiency other wise. There are issues that in the public mind complicate the situation, such as first: She does not need the money; second, there are others who need the job; third, she ought to stay at home. As to the first, it may be said that the schools authorities have no right to take into account the personal advantage or disadvantage o! a person's being in or out of a position. It is a question of efficiency of the general service. The second is like unto it. The school board is not bound to furnish positions for anyone, and no one has any right to claim service, least of all that a place be made for him. The third is more seductive. If a woman has no family and no ennobling occupa tion, life is often burdensome from lack of any worthy employment of bur time, or enervating through the silly or frivolous devotion to aimless so cial functions. To insist that a woman stay at home during all the ho.U's of the day in which her husband is absent is beneath the dignity of lay manly man or womanly woman. Finally, a married woman should he ex cluded from teaching if being married lessens her efficiency, but not otherwise. The "discovery of the north pole" is, of course, what everybody ordinar ily pictures as the goal of arctic exploration, and in itself this feat would be one that would fill the world with the profound est interest and admira tion. Yet it was not tne discovery of the pole that led the first explorers in that direction ; the ear liest object of arctic voyages was a northwest passage to the Indies. This, however, has become a matter of slight consideration, it having keen found useless to all intents and purposes. The commercial advantages to be gained were for a number of years the motive that inspired many expeditions, which were not without great value. Such expeditions led to the establishment of large and profit able whaling enterprises, the fur trade of the Hudson bay regions, the catching of seals and the extensive fisheries of the banks of Newfoundland. To-day, however, the chief interest in the polar regions is not commercial. The scientific investigator is deeply interested in the exploration of the polar regions, and the explorations of more recent years have been largely, and some of them wholly, in the interest of science. The geographer is interested to learn more of the earth's surface Nad physical phenomena under certain unusual and extreme conditions, and of the character of the land and water around the poles, all of which would be valuable in the construction of maps. Certain observations would be of great benefit to geodesy in many matters relating to the terrestrial meas urements. The science of botany, and more so that of zoology, are benefited by arctic exploration and the search for the pole. The northern waters teem with life. The anthropologist, too, is interested in the human inhabitants of the frozen north. The meteorologist sees in polar exploration the promise of much information which he now lacks. The present state of the science of me teorology requires a more thorough investigation and knowledge of the earth's surface, and particularly that of the arctic and antarctic regions. The climate of the temperate zones is, to a large extent, especially at cer tain seasons, affected by the atmospheric conditions of the north, and a more complete record of the various elements embraced is recognized as very important. One might cite numerous reasons why polar exploration haa been and will continue to be of great value and importance. The fact that polar explorations are not valuable from a purely commercial point of view is no reason for abandoning them. Milton, the great poet and his torian, in alluding to the earlier attempts to ii:h the polar regions, said: "They might hr.-e seemed almost heroic if any higher end than excessive love for gain and traffic had animated the design." Uljn gl?nulh Not rad? Uato of IJnlar lExplnrattmt By J. W. SMITH, Of U. S. Weather Bureau. MENACE TO ALL Giant Mail Order Concerns Are Sapping Country of Its Wealth. SMALLER TOWNS CRUSHED By Assisting in the Centralization of Wealth, Patrons of These In stitutions Contribute to Their Own Injury. (PopyrlRht, 1!W, by Alrrert C. Clark.) Every year millions upon millions of dollars find their way from the towns, villages and rural districts of the coun try to the coffers of the mail order houses in the cities, and go to tho up building of enormous institutions In the centers of population. Naturally, the sources from which the contribu tions are made suffer accordingly. Figures ever tell a better story than words. Here are figures which tell a story so stupendous that Its full sig nificance cannot be grasped In a mo ment, but the mere sight of which are awe Inspiring: In the year 1905 two mall order houses, located In Chicago, did a busi ness amounting In round numbers to $80,000,000. In the year 1904 these same concerns did a business of about $62,000,000, a gain of $18,000,000 or nearly 30 per cent. In a single year be ing thus exhibited. These figures represent the sale last year of one dollar's worth of merchan dise for every man, woman and child In the country by two catalogue houses alone, and those operating from the same central point. Dozens more of varying size and Importance are oper ating all over the country from coast The "Man Behind the Plow" last year number of millions which found order houses. The smaller comm were thus deprived of it, suffered to coast and from border to border. A fact not generally known is that hundreds of concerns throughout the country which now are doing business through the regular trade channels are awaiting only a parcels post law to unloose literature, already prepared In many instances, which would pro ject them into the mail order field, and this does not take into account the hundreds and perhaps thousands of entirely new mail order concerns which inevitably would spring into ex istence under such friendly auspices. The two Chicago institutions re ferred to, already occupying immense buildings, found themselves cramped for room. One of them expended not less than $1,000,000, and probably more, for a new home. The other lately has secured a new location and also will expend at least $1,000,000 for an im mense new building. Anyone who will reflect even casual ly on the subject must become Im pressed that the influence of the mail order business Is toward the central ization of wealth, and how enormous a part it is playing In this direction will be understood from a Becond glance at the figures which have been given above. It is due to himself that every patron of the mall order house Bhould inquire honestly of himself what the final out come Is to be If the mail order busi ness shall continue to make the great strides which have marked its prog ress during the last half decade. It Is useless to repeat the well worn argument of the mail order concerns that they are selling goods enough more cheaply than the merchants In the regular channels of trade to leave their customers more money than ever to devote to home enterprises and institutions. The fallacy of this statement has been proved over and over again by actual and minute com parisons of goods, as to their quality and prices. Te refute it finally and indisputably by a simpler and more direct method it is necessary only to ask the reliable business men of any of the smaller communities to show the evidence from their books and ac counts of the harm the mail order habit is doing their communities. It is a truth as old as the hills and as certain as the rising and setting of the Bun that no country or section of a country can prosper unless the peo- pie as a whole shall bo irnpertr, Such general prosperity as may exist cannot be retained if the institutions of the already larger and wealthier communities are to continue to be built up by contributions that should be spent at home from the thousands of smaller communities. Tho need of the country, a desper ate need upon which the welfare of the Individual depends, Is for tho upbuilding and continued progress of tho smaller communities, so that the wealth of the country may be distrib uted over the entire country, and not congested and controlled In large amounts In a comparative few centers of population. Therefore, tho man who sends away from his own community money which he might have spent at home and per mitted a fair profit to the home mer chant to be retained there for the benefit of the community, Is injuring hlB community, and thereby the pros pects for his own future prosperity. In a large number of instances ho la doing more than this. Unwittingly, or unthinkingly, perhaps, he Is violating his own principles of right and justice, for, at the expense of his own com munity, ho is needlessly contributing profits to the capitalistic combinations which ho continuously cries out are menacing the country. The mail order giants direct their energies particularly toward the peo ple of the smaller towns and the agri cultural districts. In hundreds of thousands of the homes of these the catalogue of the mall order house Is as regularly received as the home paper. The man on the farm last year sent a very large portion of eighty millions of dollars to two of these institutions, in one community, alone. In all sincerity we aBk: Admitting, purely for the sake of the argument, that the farmer or the resident of the small community can save a few dol lars on some of his purchases, or even contributed a large portion of the vast their way into the coffers of the mail unities to which it belonged, and which accordingly. I that he could do so on all of them, can i he afford to continue to Impoverish his own community, upon which his own prosperity, the very value of his i lane depends? If he will ask himself this question and consider It soberly and fairly In all of Its phases, including the many ! which cannot be touched upon within i the limits of a single article, we think his answer must be that he cannot. The wonderful productivity of this country has been sufficient to over come the various adverse economic In fluences which have existed during the period of years in wMch the mall or der business has accomplished its greatest growth. Kveryone has been "getting along pretty well." While the increasing flow of golden millions from their source In the land of the coun try to the already great centers of money and population has held back the growth of the smaller communi ties, it has not yet occasioned a great disaster. The test will come with the first pinch of "hard times," a condi tion which no country ever has been able to escape at recurring intervals. When this time arrives those com munities will best stand the test which have best conserved and husbanded their resources. JOHN S. POTTS. The Puzzle Solved. Some time ago a merchant in Mar blehead, Mass., was discovered in his store at a very late hour, and in reply ing to Inquiries, he said: "My confidential clery is missing." "And what of it?" "Why, I'm looking over the books, but they seem to be all right." "Have you counted your cash?" "Yes; and it Is correct to a dollar." "Looked over your bank book?" "1 have, and it is satisfactory. That's the puzzle, you see. He's skipped, and I can't make out what for." "Been home since noon?" "No." "Perhaps he's eloped with your wife." He hurried home, and found this to be the case. Wise David. Wife "Why do you always sit at the piano, David? You know you can't play a note!" David "Neither can anyone else, while 1 am licit I" HOUSEHOLD FRIEND. Peruna is a household friend more than a million homes. This number is increasing every day. Peruna has become a household word all over the English speaking world. It is an old tried remedy for all ca tarrhal diseases of the head, throat, lungs, stomach, kidneys, bladder and female organs. Ask Your Druggist for Free Peruna Almanac for 1907. Rich Men Work for Pleasure. Theodore Gill, the world's greatest authority on fishes, works for the United States government, receiving one dollar a month for his services. He is a rich man on whom many univer sities have conferred titles and de grees. Dr. Harrison G. Dyer, another wealthy man, who knows more about mosquitoes than any othsr living per son, devotes much of his time to gov ernment, receiving $25 a month. Glf ford Pinchort, a millionaire, is head of the United States forestry service, but he is comparatively well paid, his sal ary being $45 per annum. Several other rich men are on the government pay roll at nominal figures, working for the pleasure of "doing things," as President Roosevelt puts it. A Big Bargain for i2 Cents Postpaid. The year of 1906 was one of prodigal plenty on our need farms. Never before did vegetable and farm seeds return such enormous yields. Now we wish to Rain 200,000 new cus tomers this year and hence offer for 12e postpaid 1 pkg. Garden City Beet 10c 1 " Earliest Kipe Cabbage lite 1 " Earliest Emerald Cucumber 15c 1 " La Crosse Market lettuce 15c 1 " 13 Dav Radish 10c 1 " Blue Blood Tomato 15c 1 " Juicy Turnip 10c 1000 kernels gloriously beautiful flow er seeds IBs Total $100 All for 12c postpaid in order to intro duce our warranted seeds, and if you will send 16c we will add one package of Berliner Earliest Cauliflower, together with our mammoth plant, nursery stock, vegetable and farm Beed and tool catalog. This catalog is mailed free to all in tending purchasers. Write to-day. John A. Salzer Seed Co., Box W, La Crosse, Wis. Shakespeare as Novel Hero. William Shakespeare Is the hero of a new and striking twrrel by the Dan ish woman writer Sophus Banditz. Moreover, British and American read ers will probably soon have a chance to read this tale, for Queen Alexandra, who recently read It In the original, was so much impressed by it that she advised the authoress to have it translated into English. This transla tion Is now proceeding and the Eng lish version is to be dedicated to the aueen, who is herself a Dane. Life of Horses and Doge. The statement has been made that horses average from 20 to 30 years of life, and dogs from 12 to 14 yeara. A French encyclopedist credits the horse with 30 to 40 years, the dog with 20 to 14. There is a sufficient range of uncertainty In these figures to cause doubt whether detailed study has been made of the subject