Newspaper Page Text
AUTOmtara mimca mm Thursday, dxcehwi 7, mi.
(Hi MU Made from pure, grape cream oi tartar FOREMOST BAKING POWDER IN THE WORLD Makes home baking easy. Nothing can equal It for making, quickly and perfectly, delicate hot biscuit, hot breads, muffins, cake and pastry. Protects the food from alum. E RELATIONS (Continued from rage On.) n diligent ntnl vigilant regard for the roqultemcnts of inch rule ntnl laws. Although n condition or aetunl nrimsl ronfllct (ixlEtoil, thoro was Do o' Ik-la I recognition of belligerency Involving tho technical neutrality obligations ot International low. On ctli oi March Inst, in iho nhsenco of the secretary of mutt;, I had u personal interview with Mr. AVHscin tbo ambassador of Iho United Sliilei to .Mexico, In which liu report oil In mo that tho conditions in Mex ico were much moro critical thnit iho pre dispatch dlscloied. Hint Pres ident Dlnis was on a volcano of rfiit Inr uprising; that tho small ntitbrcnKs which hnd occurred worn only aympto inntlc of the wimlo condition; Hint n vury large per cent or thu people probable nt any time, In which rwtre 1io feared that trio toooo or more American residents Hi Mexico might ho assailed, and thai Die vot) lurn American Investments inlulit ho in jured or destriiyr-d After n conference with the sccro tary ol war nnd th secretary of tho ruvy I thought It wise lo assemble un army division of full strength nt Hun Antonio. Tom, k brigade of throe regiments nt llalveaton, u brigade ot Infantry In tho l.os Angeles dlHtrlct of southern California, together with n squadron of battleships and cruisers nt (Inhesion, nnd n small squadron of ship nt San DIoko. At tho same dine, through our representative at thu City of Mexico. I expressed to President Dlui tho Ikuki that no rtitprciiotuloitit might result from unfounded conjec tures a to thesu military maneuvers, ami nsmirt.il him thai they had no significance which should cuuic con cern to hlu government. Tho mobilisation wait effected with great promptness, and on the, iSth or March, through the aecrotary of .war nnd tho secretary or tho navy, in n lttw addressed to tho chief of Htutr, 1 Issued tho following Instructions: "It seems my duty an commander In chief to place troops in ttiittlcicni number where, if congress shall di rect that thoy enter Mexico to save American Uvea nnd property, mi ef fectlvtt movement tuny ho piotuptly Hindu. Meantime, thu movement of tho troop to 'luxiiu niiij etseiviiftio near the boundary, accompanied with sincere uauranea of tnc utmost good will towutil tho present Muilwm gov ernment and wtih larger and mose iro quenl putrois nloiiK thu border to ptu vent Insurrectionary expeditious trom American soli, will hold up tho haiulit of tho existing government and will liavo a liealthy moral effect to pre. vent Qttuchit upon American and their property In any subtoquout gen eral Intoriieclno strife, Again, tno sudden mobilization ot u division of troops has been a great lest ot our in my mid full of uselul instruction, while tho ,-unnouvura that tiro thus miido possible ran occupy tho troopH and tholr officers to ureal advantojtu. '"Tbo assumption by tho press that I contemplate Intervention on Met lean soil to prelect American live or property Is of course gratuitous, tie causo 1 seriously doubt whether l havo such authority wider any crV cHRisinnces, and It 1 had I would not oxerclse It wltlseut "express congress IoohI approvul. Indeed, as you know, I hnvo already declined, without Mox lean comohI, to order a troop of cv airy In protttct- tho bteskwatur wo nro constructing Just across (ho border in Mexico nt tho mouth ( the Colorado liver lo UHve the iwfiurlal Valley, til. iHuuch tho ItnuiTectos1 had pcat(crea tta Moxlrim Woof and wori luklntf iwr horsee mA Suppllea and Irlghtou Ihr our workmH HWuy, My ctur wlel iiHrposo, however, U to be In u rHiitKm m that win nHr to erlcait lives KMd property lit Mexico Ihrenletw aM tho ex4ilttg Kuvein went U resMtereo' hIW by the In twrrctloii, 1 cm iiromptly execute cnmroMnail of4ra to protect thotH, ivlth clhict "JtlMie, I hi y0! thU ets, threus tlM s4ry, to eMI yW at. iMlkM to mm tbfciffs In eOHweHM with the presence of lb) division ,i 'occutretl ta yon, brV whfch I wWMa lulHtalsaiilAda OU 16 7 Jn tho drat place, I want In mnko the inohlllntldn n. tlrkt clnss trnlnlnit for tho (inny, niu( 1 wish you would klvo your lime and that ot the war col loflo to .idvlfliiK nnd cariyhiK nut man euvers of n undid character, and plnn Iff CfMUhiio to do this durlnK'thc next thrcT "months, liy that time -wo may expect that either Ambassador Wil son's tenrs will liove been realised nnd chaos nnd its eonscaucnccs hnvo lensuuit, or Hint tno present Kovurn- incut of MOxleo will hnvo so readjust ed matters ns to secure tranqtillMv a result devoutly to ho wished. Tho troops can then bo returned to their posts. 1 understood from you In Washington that donernl Aloxhlro Mild that you could probably meot nil tho nddlilnhnl expensu of this whole movement out of tho present upnrn. prlMlona "I tho troops eotitlnitu in Texas for three months. I sincerely liojKi this Is so. I observe from thu iieipaK.TH that )ou have no blank cnttildKi's. but 1 presume that this Is nu error, or that It will bu easy to pro Line those for uso as soon us your maneuvers hcttln, "Second, Texas is a state ordlnnrlly pcncelnl, but, you cult not put 20,000 (loops Into It without running some rink of n collision between tho people of iho atiilB, nn oafHiclally the lAoi-, leans w'hn live In Toxun near the bor der mill who sympathise with thu In uiieetos, unit tho federal soldiers. For that teasoTi l ben yon to be ns enretul us )Oit elm ttt prevent friction of nny kind We were able In Cuba, with the aimy of paeitirntiou thero oi aymrlliliiK more tliali 8.U00 trtKips. to I naiiiiain tiinnt for u year without nny ttoiible, and I hope you can do tho .same thitiK In Texas. Please give your ntteullon to (bis. nnd advise ull J the ollluers in command of the neces sity for very great circumspection In tins regaiu. "Third One of the gre.tt troubles In Mio conewnrntJon of troois is the dnnKcr o' disease, and 1 suppose that )oit have ndnptcd tho most modern methods fn the jtreventln nnd, If necessary, lor staniplnit out epidemics. That It mo .nijuh n part of a campalKU that It hardly seema necessary for mo to call attention to it. "Finally. I wish you tu examine the question ot thu patrol of thu lamler and put ns many troops on that work ns t puictlcRble, ntnl more than arc now ctiKniicd In It, In order to prevent the use of our borderland for the car. tyiiiR nn of tho Insurrection. I have given assutnucoi to the Mexican urn bnssador on this point. -I sincerely hoK that this expert euro will always be remembered by the nr;iiy and nuvy as it useful mentis nf eduratlou, and I anould bo greatly disappointed It It resulted In any In jni, oi .ii.-mioi to oui f oi ceo from any cause, d have taken n good deal or rusixitisllillUv III ordorlnic tliln rnolilli. tntioii, uut l mu ready to amtwer tor It If only you and thoxi under you use thu utmost care ro avoid the dif ficulties which huvo pointed out. "You may Imvo a copy of this letter made und left with General Carter and such other BcnentU In command as yuu may think wise nnd necessary to Kulde then In their course, but lo bo regarded na confidential." I nut more than happy to here ro eoid the fact that ull apprchensluus as to thu effect of (ho presence of so largo a military forco In Texas proved groundless, no disturbances occurred; the conduct of tho troops was exem plary and tho public reception and treatment o' them was all that could have been desired, and this notwith standing tho prcseucu of a large num ber of Mexican refugees in tho border territory. From lime to time communications were received from Ambassador Wil son, who had returned to Mexico, confirming tho view that tho massliiK of American troops In tho neighbor huod had had good cflrrct. liy dispatch of April a, 1U1I, tho rmbasador sold: "Tho continuing ginvlfy of tho situ ation hero nnd tho oIioom that would emtio should the rotmtltutlmul nulli- otltles ho eventually overthrown, thus BroHtiy incteasmx tno danger te which American lives and properly nro already subject, confirm the wis. doin or tho president In taking those military precautious which, making oyory allowance for tho dignity Rd tho sovereignty of a friendly state, are duo lo our nationals abroad, , "Chargtl as I hm with the re slblllly of aHiHArtl these lives and proteriy, 1 aw bonM to say I tho (lelutrtmeiit tht our mltltary M. posltlowi m thn frsMer kv pro4. m hh elfetilva ntirosll(ut oh tb Mnku wH imM May, at any wo went, prow lo h the only nraiiki for Wkt mtMy ot oar MUonala sM their projiorty. If It should eventuate thai conditions hero require moro ac tive measures by t.io president nnd congress, sporadic ntlncks might Uo mado upon the lives and proerty ot our nntlonnls, but tho ultimate roauit woilil bu order nnd adequate pro tection." Tho Insurrection continued and re sulted. In engagements between tho regular Mexican troops and the Insur gents, nnd this along the border, so that in several Instances bullets from tho contending forces struck Amor lean citizens engaged In their lawful occupations on American soil. l'roner ntotcsts wero made attains! theso Invasions of American rights to the Mexican authorities. On April 17, Itfll, I received tho following lelo srum trom the governor of Arlionn: "An n result of todny'n fighting ncross the liiturmitloiin! line, but with in gunshot rnngu or the henrt of Doug las, five Americana were, wounded on this Nldo nf tho line. Everything points to repetition of theso casualties on tomorrow, nnd while tho federals seem disposed to keep their agreement nat to Urn into Douglas, the position of tho Insurrectionists Is such that when fighting occurs on the cast und southeast of tho entrenchments peo plo living in Douglas are put in dan ger nt their lives. In my Judgment radical measures nro needed to pro tect our Innocent people, and if any thing can 1w dono to stop the light ing at Ariiu 1'iletn thn situation calls for such nclliin. It Is Impossible to anregtinrd the people of DouRlass un ls i ho town be vacated. Can nny thing bo doiiu to relievo situation, now acute T" After a conference with thn secre tary of state, the fo'lowlng telegram was sent to (lovemor Sloan on April lx, 1911, nnd mado public: "Your dispatch received. Have mudo urgent demand upon Mexican government to Issue Instructions to prevent tiring ncross border by Mex ican federal troops, and am awaiting roply. Meantime I have sent direct warning ro, tl)o Mexican und Insurgent forces ner Douglas. I Infer from your dispatch that both parties at tempt to heed the warning, but that ill tho Htrillll nnd nvltfitllru nf ttin in. ilia wild bullets still, Hnd their way Unto' Douglas. The situation might Justify mo in ordering our troops to cross tho border nnd attempt to stop the fighting, or to lire upon both com batants (ram thn Amerlenn uliln llm ' tr l take this step, I mint face the IHiislblllty or tesistance nnd greator i IdumUlied, and also tho danger of bav ins our motives misconstrued nnd mlsicptescnicd, nnd or thus Intlnmlng Mexican popular Indignation against many thousand Ameilcans now in Mexico nnd Jeopardizing their lives nnd property. The pressure for gen oral Intervention uudui such condi tions It might not be practicable tu rcului it U ImposBlulo to foreieo or rciknn the consequences of such u comsv, und we must use tho greatest seif-iestralnt to nvold It. fending my urgent representation to the Mexican government, I enn not therefore order tho troops at Douglas to cross tho bonier, hut I must nsk yuu and the local authorities, In case tho same danger recurs, to direct tho pcoplu ot Douglas to place themselves wtieru - bullets' enn nut reach them and thua nvold casualty. I am loath to endan ger Americana In MtxIco, where they nre necessarily oxiKined, by taking n radical step to prevent injury lo Am ericans ou our side or the bonier who can avoid It in a temporary Ineou vinlonco I am glnd to ay that no further In vasion of American rights of any sub stantial charnctor occurred. The presence of n largo military and nnvnl force nvullnblo tor prompt ac tion, near the Mexican border, proved to be most fortunate under tho some what trying conditions presented Uy this Invasion of American rights. Had no movement thcrotorure taaen place nnd becniiso of these events it had been necessary then to hrlng ubout tho mobilization, It must have had sliilaler significance. On tho other hand, tho presenco of the troops be fore and at tho time of the unlortmi , nto killing nnd wounding of American tltlxens nt Douglas, made clear tnnt tho restraint excrcluod 'by our gov ernment In maard to this occurronco was not duo to u lark ot Jorco or pow er to deal with It piomptly und ag gressively, but was due to a real de sire to tip every means possible to avoid direct Intervention In tho nf. fairs of our neighbor, whoso friend ship we valued and were most noxious to retain. ' Tho jiolloy and action of (his gov orntnetil were limed upon un earnest , friendliness for tho Mexican people na a ttolt, ami it is .i uiaui.. ui .ail flcutloii to note that this attitude ot iiiiuiiii.-iuiy n to ail raeiliins III Mexico and or sincere friendship for tho neighboring nation, without regard for party nlleglance, has been generally recognised end linn resulted In tin even closer sn moro synipa. thetlo understanding between tho two republics and a warmer regard one for the other. Action to suppross vio lence, mid restore tranquillity through out the Moxlcnn republic- was of pe culiar lntirtit tn Hit nnvnrnmnrit In that It couccrned tho safeguarding of American uie ana properly In that country. Tho government ot the United States had occasion (o Hceord permission tor tho jmssago of a body of Mexican rurnlea through DeHtlas, ArUonn, to Tla Jubub, Mexico, far tho Slim I read Oft nf nnnui-nt luI.Lu.w.. which had for somo unto existed tu tho region of northern Ivowor Califor nia, On May so, mil, President Dins icaihhcu, oHor tie m Barm waa Chosen nmvlnlnnnl irl.i.i uiu tlotva for president ttiu ylco proshlent uiurunuer hoiu tnrounkout tho reilMbllc. anil lienor Kranolsco I Ma- dero waa iomuaIIu .ionium. i ..i.,. .... Octtdier 15 to tho chlof magistracy. On November 6 Prcsldont Mndoro in- " upow uia dutios or his office. Madero n toi Has been unearthed Uitalhat It win mo preent government, to begin a nsw Insurrection. Pursuing Lj f,:H.e ewwWont policy which jthiit 4mlntrattoi has adopted from tho blnil, (t Creeled an Invostlg. tnm Intp the conspiracy charged, ami (hk iHvtMtteatkMi has resulted In thg msHetnteat rf ruouimt snnunin iii.a. a4 others and the selsuro ot ft rum. er oi twnciM-s him wen and horses mm oiiru mwwIM upon the l of Txas tor the purpose of In. vMIhk 3n)Mlfo. Mlmllsr roees( had taken diirlNC tlw lnnurr- LiLsav kbiiU.i at... tiJ . i -tt-- -' ar" rrwwvwvws rVn III violating the wMtir.iliiy laws of tho l ulled States In n4d ot that uprising. Tho record of th s toveriiment in respect ot tho recti u ion of consti tuted authorlly I Men- ,i therefore Is clear. Central Amerl's -Hondura and Nic aragua Treaties Propeied. As to thu situation in central Amer ica, I have taken oer.non In tho past tn ompliastxo mbnt nrongly tno Im potlntice that shoulit m attributed to the consummation or 'ho conventions between tho rcpiH,,. of .Nicaragua and of Honduras ain thru country, and I ngaltt earnest) m-omniend that tho necessary advice n; consent of tho senitto bu accord- d to those treat les, which will inane i possible for iheso Central Amenran republics to eniei upon an era o' . - nulno econom ic iinttunnl duvolopu nt The gov ernment ot Nicaragua, which linn al ready lukett fuvoritt'k action on tho convention, has found It necessary, pending tho exchange of final ratifica tion!, to enter into mgotlatlotiB with American bankers for the purpose of securing n temporary loan to relieve tho present financial union. In con nection with this temporary loan and lit tho hope of consummating, thiough the ultimate oiteratiou of the conven tion, u complete and laming economic regeneration, tho government ot Nic aragua has also docided to engage nn American cltisen as collector general of customs, Tho claims commission on which tho Bervlct-s or two American lltlietm huvu been suught, nnd thu work uf thu Amerlenn financial advis er cinititil accomplish n lasting good of luestlmablu benefit to the prosiHir Hy, commerce, nnd pence of Iho re public. In contlnnring tho ratifica tion of the couvoHtlntm with Nicara gua find Honduras, ihcro rests with tho United States the heavy responsi bility at the fact that tholr rejection hero might destroy the progress made and consign the republics concerned to still deeper submergence In bankrupt cy, revolution and national Jeopardy Panama. Our relations with tho republic of Panama, iiecullnrly Important, due tu mutual obligations and tho vast Inter ests created by thu c.innl, huvo con tinued In tho usual friendly manner, and we hnvo been glad to make appro priate expression or our attitude ot sympathetic Interest In tho endeavors of our neighbor In undertaking tho development of tho rich resources ot tho country. With reference to the Internal political affalra of the repub lic, our obvloua concern Is In the main tenance ot public IK-aco and constitu tional order, nnd tho fostering of the geneiul Intercuts crcnted by the actual lehitlons ot tho two countries, with out tho manifestation of any prefer enco for tho success ot cither or tho political part lea, THE FAR EAST. The Chlnste Loans. Tho past jcitr has been marked In our relations with China by thu con clusion of two important International loans, ono tor the construction of the flukunng tnllwnya, the other tor tho cnrryln;- out of tiie currency reform to which China was pledged by treat ies with the t'nlted Slates. (Heat llrlt uln, und Japan, or which mention wus made In my lust annual mcsuuge. It will bo remembered that early lu 1U0!) an agreement waa consum mated u.uong lliltlih, French and (lor. man flnnncint gruitps whereby they proposed to lend tjio Chinese govern nunt lunda for ibu construction ot tallwajs in (he provinces of Iliinnii ami Unpen, reserving for their nation als tho privilege or engineering the construction o, the lines nud or rur Dishing tho mnicrials required for tho work. After negotiations with the gov. eminent mid groups concerned an ngieement was reached wheteby Am orlcan. IliltUh, French and Herman national should pnrticlpnto upon equnl terms In thla Important and useful undertaking. Thereupon the llnnnclal groups, suppotted by their resjiectlve governments, began nego tlatlcns with the Chinese, government which tcnnlnnted m n loan to China pf $30,tHi(i,Ooo, with (ho privilege of Increasing tho amount to J50.ooo.noo. Tho co-operative construction of these trunk lines should bo of immensu ad vantage, materially nnd othorwlae. lo Chlnn nnd should greatly facilitate Hie devilopment of the bountiful re ooutces ot the e nulre. On tho other hand, n large po - ion of these funds Is to be expended for materials, Amer ican products having equal prefer ence with those of tho other three lending tuitions, and as tho contract piovldos for branches and extensions subsequently to be built ou thu same terms the opttoruuiltles lor American materials will rej. h considerable pro iKiitlnus. Kim in- n , rost oi Uie tuned Statos In thu refo.m of Chinese cur rency, tho Chlnem uovonimni. In tim autumn of lull), suught thu assistance of tho American government to pro euro funds with which to accomplish that ull-lmportnti' reform, in the couiao of the suoinent negotiations thoro was combined with thu proposed currency loan om for certain Indus trial developments In Manchuria, tho i,?,!0.","8 "KKrv '"s the sum ot 30,000,000. While this was oriuinallv to he solely an American enterprise tho American covcrnnioiii f.,.ui-i., ly with Its desire to secure a sympa thetic and luucilcal cooperation of tho great powers toward maintaining the principle of equably of opportunity nud thu administrative Integrity or China, urged tho Chinese government io aiimti to partkipallea in tho cur rency loan the associates of the Am K Kroup m tho Hukuang loan. While of Immense Importance In It self, tho rofor.n contemned In mak ing this loan is tuit tM-aituii bid In other ami more comprehensive lUcal reforms Which will ha at lniialnuL.i.1.. beueflf o China and torsfen Intorewa a"";o ,"0), wl" wrengihon the Lhlneso empire ami prowwto tho rapM dovelopmont of liuernaftlonal trado. .."w-ai Financial Alvlsf. When those lUKotlalirum Kuii. It was uudersiood that a Hnanclal riilvlsor wus in bo employed by China in connection wiih ih reterm, nnd in order that absolute eqnallty (l all re H'cts n,10i;( me lending nations ntfUNi no scrupulously eHerved, the American government iroNjed the Hnatlon of a wswtral adviser, which wua agreed to hy Chins and la other goverunienta concerned. On Member 28 1911. Dr. Vlswrlng. PNeni of (he Dutch Jv Hsnk and a ftnancler of wide oarlsnce tho tnet, was rocotnmfe4 , the Chi "a Kovemmont for H pmi f i0n. Hry adviser Mlally ImiiortnM at tho nnnt, Wasm the ancient Chss,,ro i. shaken by civil war Imideiilnl to Its awakening (o the many Inlluences and activities trf modeniliatlon, nro the cooperative pllcy of good understand ing which has been los'ercd by the International projects referred to above nnd tbo general sympathy ot view among nil the powers interested In the Far East. While safeguarding tho Interests of our nationals, this government Is using Us best efforts In continuance of its traditional policy or sympathy and -friendship toward tho Chiucsu empire and Its people, with the confident hope lor their eco nomic and ndmlnlstrntlva develop meiit, aim with the constant disposi tion to contribttto to their welfnro in all proper wujs consistent with nn nt lltude or strict Impartiality ns between coiit'-iKiing inc.iniiB For the ilrst tltnu tn tho hlstdry or the two countries, u Chinese cruiser, tho llnlchi, under the command ot Admiral t.'lilng, recently visited Now YorH, where the olllcurs and men were given n cordial welcome. New Japaness Treaty, Thu treaty ol commerce and navi gation between the United Status and Japan, signed In JSU4, would by n strict interpretation of Its provls ions have terminated on July lit, 1012.' Japan general treaties with thu oilier powers, however, terminated in lltll, mid tho Japancsu government exiuensud an t-nruest desire to con duct iho negotiations for n now treaty with i tie Untied States simultaneously wltii it negotiations with the other poiu.a Thciu were a number Of lm-po.-uii. quesiions Involved in the uvni. including thu Inimlgrntlon ot labotcrs, revision ot tho customs tariff, and the right a; Americans to hold real cxtnto In Jnpnu. Tho United Stales consented to waive nil lecli nicalliiefl and lo enter at once upon negotiations for a new treat on tho undo! standing that there should bu a eontluiiunce throughout tho lite of tho treaty ol the samu sftcctlvo menuroa for thu restriction of IniHilgratloa or Inboieis to American territory which had been tu operation with entire sat isfaction to both governments slncu 190)i Tho JiipnuuHu government ac cepted this basis of negotiation, nnd n new treaty was quickly concluded, resulting In u highly satisfactory act tlu.uent of the other questions refer red to. A sutlsractory adjustment has nlso been effected ol tho quentlons growing out of the annexation of Korea by Japan. The recent visit of Admiral Count Togo to the Flitted States as the na tlonn guest afforded a welcome op portunity to demonstrate the friendly feeling so happily existing between the two countries, Europe ana he Near East. In Kuitipe nud tho Near Kast, during tho past tvvelvo months, there has been nt times considerable political unrest. The Moroceau question which for hoiiio months was tbn causo ot great anxiety, happily appears to have reached n state nt which It neod no longer bo regarded with concern. Tho Ottoman empire was occupied tor n period by mrlfe In Albania and Is now at war with Italy. In Greece and tho Halknn countries thu disquieting polontlalltlcs of this situation have been moro or less felt. Perslu has been tho sceno of a long Internal struggle. Theso conditions hnvo been the eniisu of uneaslnesa In Ktiropenn diplomacy, hut thus far without direct political concern to tho l'nltcd States tn tho wnr which unhappily exists between Italy and Turkey this govern ment has no direct political Interest, and I took occasion nt the suitable time to Issue a proclamation of neu trality in that conflict. At the samu tlmo nil necessary steps have beon taken lo safeguard the personal In terests of American citizens and or wnr tl0,,a B0 nr a8 nfctlcd by the II V direction nf HlA Olnl.. -w -,H,u IIVJ'UI I .Ill-Ill. our nmbassiidor to Kussln has recent ly been having a series or conrerences minister or rorelgn affairs or ItUSSln With U View In linvl til II I J Ml filM iindoistnndlng and constructiun of thu treaty of 1833 -between Kuasla und tho t'nlted Stiiles und the luoiilllcutlon ot any Ituaslan regulations which may be found to Interfere In any way with tho full recognition or iiu rights ot Amorleun cltiseus under iliU treaty. 1 believe thnt tho govi nment of Jiua' sla la addressing itself seriously to the need of changing int present pruc tile under thn Iimiv rati,! Htm mhiii. dent iirogreiis has been mtillo to Jus tlfv tho eontlniinnnii r fluu,, inir. tnces In the hope that iticrb may soon " ii-uiuvuu any jiisiiucution or tno complnlntK of tremty violation now provnleni lu this country. I hope that Immediately before v'li.iuuiius lucuak I shall be nblo to mako a further communication to cou gress on this subject. Hecognltltn cf Portuguese Republic. The National Constituent nssembly. regularly eleciod by the vole of the Portuguese people, having nn Juno I'J last linunlliiaiiuK- tirni-tnlmnil publican for.ii of government, tho ottl Hal lecogultlon ot tho government ot the l'nltcd States was given to thn new republic lu the afternoon of tho same day INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS AND CONFERENCES. International Prize Court. Tho supplementary protocol to Tho llnguu convention (or the establish ment of an lntl'rnnllnnnl nrlzn i-nnrt mentioned In my last annual message, k'iiiiou)iiig upuiaiions providing Jor nu alternative proccdiuo which would io.iiovo the constitutional objection to that imri or Tho Hague convention which provides that thoro may be an appeal io Iho proposed court fiom the uccisiuiih oi uauonai courts, lias rq celved the slgnuturo of tho govern ments parties to tho original conven tion anil bus been rntlHnil hv I tin rrriv. erniuunt of the L'nltcd States, tngoth. er with the prize court convention. Tiie deposit of thu ntllllcutlons with tluv lf(ll'i-rllltu-ll, of llui Viilluirlilnila awnllM iu-IIiiii In' ilm niiiv-iitv nn Hi., riekralloii, slgu-d m. tendon on Feb- 1UU.U Hl II.. M..I.... I . mu j muj. ui i ill. iiuia ui iruui nttMtl luvv to bi recognized within th IftU'fiULlD,, ,tr nrlli'l.. ,1 Tin, I In on.. CmvaSklkm fni- llm ..m iitillaliiiuiiil nf an trMitknnl prize court inwmwMHH Arrangement to sup fat tmsne publications. OtHi Uui antnhtn inlriiiipfn In In- ternAtlNaAftlM&ralfte nreoainlltibed III recent yssr was an nrrungunem en tered W m Arll 13 of tho present Vnill iLAtMUMHv kA... It..,,.. ...I " Mp, l,illllUI nuiii.'.i Ullll other poww aar (ho ropicssion of tle- .,,1,,, m-fartto puiuications Tr. BMsw f ths United lu my last wasanit maasn 1 refer lol to the tariff negotiations of tho department of state with foreign coun tries In connection with the applica tion, by n series nf proclamations, nt tho minimum tnrlft of tho United States to Importations from thn sev eral countries, and I staled that, In Its general operation, section 2 of tho new tariff law had proved n guaranty of continued commercial pence, al though there were, unfortunately, in stances where foreign governments denlt arbitrarily with American In terests within tholr jurisdiction In n manner lujiirloua nud inequitable Dur ing the past year some Instances ot discriminatory treatment have been removed, but I regret to say that thi'io remain a fow enwes of different ial tteatmont ad verso lo the commerce of the Culled States. WJillo none ot these Instances now appears to amount to nmluo dlscilmluntlon In the sense of section 3 of thu tariff law of August ft. 11109, thoy nro nil excep tions to that complete degree or equal ity of tariff treatment that thu de partment ot stnto has consistently sought to obtain for American com merce abroad Whllo tho double tnrlft fenturo of tho tariff law of 1009 has been amply Jiistllled by tho results achieved In removing former and preventing now, undue discriminations against Amer ican commerce. It til believed that tho time has como for tho amendment or this feature of tho law I nsuch way as to provide a graduated menus ot meeting varying degrees of discrim inatory treatment of Amerlenn com this fenturo ot the law In such way ns tu protect tho flnanctn, interests nbro.nl ot American citizens against arbitrary and Injurious treatment on tho part of foreign governments through I'llbor legislative- or adminis trative measures. It would also neeiu dculrahlo that the maximum tariff ot tho Untied Slnles should cmbrnco within Ita pur view tho free list, which Is not the ensu at tho present tlmo, In ordor that li might hnvo reasonable signifi cance to tho governments of thoso countries from which the Importations Into tho United Slates aru conllnod virtually to nrtlclen on the free list. Record of Highest Amount of Foreign Trade. Tho fiscal year ended Juno 30, 1911, shows great progress In tho develop ment of American trade. It was note worthy as marking tho highest record of exports of American products to foreign countries, the valuation being lu excess of 12,000,000,000. Thoso ex ports showed a gain over tho preced ing year or moro than 1300,000,000. Crying Need for American Merchant Marine. 1 need hardly reltorato the convic tion that there should speedily 1e built up an American merchant mar ine. Thla Is necessary to nsauro tu vnrnlile transportation facilities to our grent ocean-borne commorce as well ns tu supplement tho navy with all adequate reserve of ships and men. It would hnvo tho economic advantage of keeping at hemu part of tho vnst sums now -paid foreign shipping ror carrying American goods. All tho great commercial nations pay heavy subsidies to their mcienani marine, so that It Is obviouj that without some wise aid trom tho congross tie) Culled Stntes tunST VnE,lwhlnlin Hi" matter or merchant murine In Irs present nuotimloiis imsitlou. Extension of American Bankl.13 to Foreign Countries. 'Legislation to facilitate the exten sion of American banks to foreign countries Is nnothor .natter In w'llcti our foreign trado needs iisslstiiiieo. Chambers of Foreign Commerce Sug gested. The Interests of our forolgn com merce are nonpartisan, and us n fac tor In prosperity are ns broad as tho land. In the dissemination of usetiil Information and In the coordination of effort certain unotiielal associations havo dono good work toward tho pro motion of forolgn commerce. It Is cause for regret, however, that tho great number ol such associations nnd Hie comparative lack of cooperation between them falls to securu an ottl- clency rommensuhtto with tho public iineresi. inruugn the agency or tno department of cofrimerro nnd labor, and in some cases directly, thu depart ment of state- transmits to reputiiblo business Interest Information of com mercial opportunities, supplementing the regular published consular reports, Homo central oritanlzutlon lu touch With association!! ' ninl rlmtnhiTj of commerce throufihout the country and nblo to keep purely American In terests In closer touch with different phnsca of commercial affairs would. I believe, bo of sjrwit value Such or gaiilzatlon might bo innungci i 11 committee rompoattl of a small num ber 01 those now actively earning on the work of some of tbo larger asso ciations, and 'here might b added ! tbo committee na members ex oftleio. one or two tifrtctals of the depart motit of stnto ond oho or two offlcluls from tho department of rommoien and labor nnd representatives of the ap propriate committees of congress. The authority und success of such un or ganlzntlon would evidently lie en luinced It tho congress should see tit to prescrlbo its scope and organization through legislation which would glvo to It somo such official standing na that, for example, of thu National lied Cross. With these factors and tho continu ance of the rorelgn service establish, ment (departmental, diplomatic ami consular) upon tho high plane whero It has been placed by tho recent reor guuUatlofl this government would bo abreast or tho times In fostering tho Interests or Its forolgn trade, sud Iho rest must bo left tn the energy nnd mmrprlse of our buslnoss mon. Improvement of tho Foreign Service, Th cntlro forolgn service orgnulta. lion is being Improved and developed with especial regard to the require men Is of tho commercial I merest a of the country. The rapid growth of our foroUw trade makes It of the utmost Importance- that governmental ngen clca through which that trade Is to lie aided and protected should possess n nign degrco or efllclency Not only should the v'orclitn reprenentntlvns bo msiHiRiiwd uiKin n generous scale In 83 far as salaries and establishments are concerned, but tho selection and advancement of officers should bo dot It nltcly and permanently regulated by uiw so inui tno scrvico snail not full to attract men of high character nnd ability The asiporlenco of (no past fow years with a partial abdication of civil service rules to tho iMplomiitlo and consular service leaves no doubt In my mind ottho wisdom of a wider and mora tiermnnt extension of those principles to both Uranoh ot Delicately formed and gently reared, women wilt And In nil the seasons of their Uvea, it maid ens, wives and mothers, that thu one simple, wholcsomo Inxatlvo romsdy, which acta gently and pleasantly and naturally and which may bo taken at nny lime, when the syt.Um ncoda a laxatlre, with perfect enfety nod real ly beneficial effects, Is Syrup of Figs and Kllxlr of Senna. It has that (rua delicacy nf flavor Which la so refreshing lo tho taste, that wanning nnd grateful toning 'to tho stomach which responds so favor ably to Its action and the laxative cf fect which is so beneficial to the ays tern when, occasionally, iu fati cleansing Is required, Tho genuine nlwayu bearing- ths namo of tho California Fltr Syrup Co., may ho purchased trom alt lesdlsz; druggists In orlglnnt packages of osa size only, prlco fifty cents per bottle. tho foreign service. Tho men select ed for appointment by means ot tho existing executive regulations havo been of a far higher average of Intel ligence nnd ability than tho men ap pointed buforo thu regulations wore promulgated. Moreover, tho tvcHnx that under tho existing rules .them la leasonnhlo hope for permanence of tenure during good b,lmvlor and for promotion for meritorious service has served lo bring about a zealous actlv Itr In the Interests of the country, which never bctoie existed or could exist It is my earnest conviction that tho enactment Into law of thu general principles of the existing regulsthms can not fall to effect further Improve ment In both branches of tho foreign scrvico by providing greater induce ment for young men of character and ability to seek career nbroad In the service of tho government, nnd nn In centive to thoso already In tbo scrvico to put forth greater efforts to attain the high standards which tho success ful conduct of our International rela tions ami commerce requires. 1 thereforo again commend to tn fnvorablo action of the congress thn enactment of n law applying to Ohs diplomatic and consular service the principles embodied In section 1763 or tho revised statutes or the United States, In tho civil service act or Jan nary 16, 1SS3, nnd the executive or dnrs ot June 7, I90fi, and or November :g, 1909. In Its consideration or this Important subject I deslro to recall to tho attention or the congress the vury fuvornblo report made on the Lowden bill for tho Improvement, or tho foreign service by tho foreign affairs eom.nlttoo of thu lionso of rtp lesentntlves. Available statistics show tho strictness with which the merit system has been applied lo the foreign service during recent years and tho iibsoluto nonpartisan selection of consuls and diplomatic service sec retarles who indeed -far trem being selected with any view to iKilltlcal con sideration have nctunuy been choicn to a disproportionate extent from stntea which would huvo been unrep resented lu tho foreign service under the system which It is to bo hoped la now permanently obsolete- Somu leg. Islatlon for tho perpetuation of tho , present system nf examinations nnd j promotions uimn merit and efficiency ' would bu of greatest value to our com mercial and International Interests. WJd. II. TAFT. The White House. Dec. 7, 1911. OFFICERS CHOSEN BY PRIMS Br. C. A. Prank Selected . A5 President of County Medi cal Association At Election Last Night, Dr, C. A. Frank was last night elect ed president or the Hernulltlo county medlrut avjtociatlmi, at Its election meeting, held nt tho Commercial club. Other oltlevrs chime 11 were- First vice president. Dr. it. S. McUiudrcNM; sue ond vice-president, Dr. J. A. Itcldy, seerstary. Dr. Frank T. Tulli lr;u-i.rt-r. Dr. Frank Dr. la Vergne; censer, Dr W. W. Spurgo; drlegatea to thu ninte nssocliitlon, Drs. II. 11. Kaiifrnian, and P. O furnish; alternates, Drs. J W- Colbert. l. H. MoLandress, A. 0. rlhnrtln nnd Kvctyn Frlxblo llinl'lis tin. election of officers thoro were several other Interesting features of Cm mt-etlnir. An Interesting end In ftrtK tlii- paper was read by Dr. J F. P.-nr. e, and another by Dr U. 8, Me La nil reus. SPIRITS 10 APPEAR AT THE QRPHEUM Albuquerque's best cltlxens aro Atlll crowding- the Orphciun nightly tu wltnesK the wonderful reveiutinmi of hypnotism, and the end Is nut yet A mom wonderful seieniifk- demon stration was given Inst night when Aibertus, using a hypnutUul subject, formed a human electric are by plac ing u carbon In the subjwta mouth, apd another in his hand, then bring ing the ends of the carbons tvgethsr formed a circuit with eo amphers ot current passing through tho humsn heart, causing a brilliant elsctiia light. Tonight will be spirit nlsk-t und visitors from the great beyond will walk and talk with relatives and friends who uro present Additional iiypnrttla demonstrations will ngsliv be slmwii, Doors open nt 7 p. m. Pcrrortnunv'o bt-glns at T:3(, general admission 10 emit. TONIGHT V V .... .-M " . . .