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STATE CHEONIOLE, SATUKDAY, APRIL. 26, 1890.
PUBLIC SCHOOLS AND CRIME SOME PARAGRAPHS AllOITT THE posi rio.xoF the popular SCIENCE .MONTHLY. Prof. E. ('. ltrauvon Rives 11 TlioimhU Mil and liithiu'tivc Paper upon the Relation ol the Public School to Crime. Special Cor. of Statk Chuoniclk. Atlanta, Oa., April 23rd, 180. The Popular Science Monthly is what its title indicates it to be a scientific journal. It assumes the position of ginni.ig. And no argument, make it what you please, counts for anything against, the weight of men moving for ward with this belief in their hearts. Ah little e -.ild you have halted Napoleon's Old (it)'.rd with sky rocketing. liut this drives us to the conclusion that tin safety of our children lies large ly on the kind of education they have. But we are not at all bothered about it sometimes. For instance, I occasionally meet a father that does not know tbi name of teacher of hi3 boy. But he doe know who has charge of his horse. I sometimes meet a man that will not pay for a piec3 of ditching he has had Herbert Spencer upon State interference done, until he goes out and see how it m education, to be true. Herbert Spen- has been done. But he cannot be caught ut believes that education is a family ?oingi see h.ow.his by is being taught. ..,,.,. onii nrtf n f, , . A gentleman is interested in horses and matter and not a State matter, and that t find Mayhew in his library. The gen- iho State has no right to be concerned tleman also has boys, but I have never about education at all. seeu a book on Modern Pedagogy on his Hut, then, upon the same scientific taS?- ... . . ...uim 41 u. . 1 ... oe father and mother, the postulates, the State- hastfno ngnt to preachers and the Sunday school work- interfere in the interests of the halt atd ers, and all the thoughtful men and wo- the maimed and the blind. The strong Rien of tue community-do they go aud healthy have the risrht of the fittest l'ou8h. into the schools at home to see , .r, i..:s..i.t wliat 13 belDS doQe there; to see mi uSin upooruis- whether or not there be anvthic? in them hurtful to their children. Why not, piayf 10 survive. Tlu eased wretch has is to hunt out his little comer and to die out of ins way of th prt .gross of the lace. ii, i, al! this in hcieuco, but it is not himiiiiiiiy. It is scientific truth but i' i in rat wrong, for all that or so ;te ,r ;:ng to good old-fashioned notions .i . locality. B it iihsume that a State doos not have tin; fight to interfere in the education of iti people; suppose that the position i Sfiiutiticully trus ; what then? This, cut'B caro little for abstract right. It is U 180 expediency and . hard necessity that move them oftener than other wise, when it eomos to policies of State. J low would it do for Georgia or North Curidim to let public education aloue, leave it to the family entirely, to leave the rich to live i' " state of culture, "Tiud the poor to die in ignorance? We might thiuk it would do, if we w. iv t.ot continually falling upon sumo Micii startling and significant facts as the following, which iudicate that wo ate already suffering in the South be eause education is not common enough .inning us: In ISM, 0110 man in every 873 of population in Massachusetts was an in ventor: in Georgia, only one man in 4-very 10,281 of population; in North Carolina one man in every 19,714." Why so? Well, it appears to be mainly a tjucstion of the commonness of edu cation, of tho general intelligence of the public mind. For the first century and .i quarter of the life of the Massacbu s tts colony, more than half of the pub lic money was spout to educate the people. There are more than two million volumes in her free public libraries to ilay. And tho poor people of Massa el;";ietts havo more than enough in tho Sniur bauks to buy the whole State of Georgia about 380 millions in these inks last year. Think of it! ull tho question turns, not upon ed ncatiou its ontributitg to tho material prosperity of a community, but upon its HlY'tt upon morality. If it contributed ti .thing to publiy morality, then it is the ihity of every good citizen to ask why not, and to dofo thoughtfully and earn estly. It is true that the American public jschool is open to attack, and not less from its friends than from its enemies. Matthew Arnold, an English inspector of public schools, and a warm advocate of culture for tho masses, visited Amer ica and looked into American schools recently. Now, we are accustomed to regard Matthew Arnold as very unor thodox indeed about religious matters, but this is what ho said of American rhools:"Tho cardinal fault of the Amer iean public schools is tho neglect of the Bible." It is time that we were discuss ing these matters freely. Churches and preachers, Sunday Schools, and Sunday School teachers, church and private schools, theological seminaries and the like all have increas ed m members in America since 1850. 'And'' says the Popular Science Month ly, "criminals in 1850 were one in 3,442, in 18G0 one in l,G47,in 1870 oce in 1,021, in 1880 one in 837." Have the churches and the preachers caused this increase in crime? Or has it been despite the efforts of all these agencies for good. And but for all these agencies for good, would not theincreas of enme been even greater? These same questions in this connection are perti nent ot public schools. Of course neith er churches Jnor public schools nor any e ther one agency "subdues the tendency to crime." But will you say that auy one ot these agencies increase this ten dency? Do you not believe that all of these help to retard the rate of increase? Admit that there is an increase of crime m America, aud it means th it all of these institutions for good need better ing, and more of right and more of heart put into them. I inn 111 M M "are here. I FHEY THE PRETTIEST LINE OP CARRIAGES Ever offered in this market. BFATJTIFUL DESIGNS Trimmed in Silk Goods, Satin Rnsse, Cretonnes and Plush. Parasols in colors with blue edges. WE OFFER CARRIAGES At $ 7.82, worth ' $10.00 11.50 12.00 12-50 14.00 16.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25 00 26.00 it 8.50 9.62 10.10 10.20 13.12 15.10 15.87 16.12 " 18.22 " 18.72 " 19.62 ' 1 20.42 " 21.48 Call and get a Bargain. THOMAS H. BRIGGS & SONS IMPORTED SUITINGS FOR Spring and Summer Wear. After five years' experience in North Caro h-ia and catering to the wants of my patrons and the prl lie generally I find that the Im ported Woollens take the best and give bet ter satisfaction than our do mestic goods. I have bought direct this reason mv entire stock of Best 6-Cord Spool Cotton. The admirable working qualities of this thread have not been narrowed down to one class of sewing machine, but charmingly apply to EVERY KNOWN FORM OF SEWING MACHINE. SEE COLOR-LIST CONTAINING 158 DIFFERENT SHADES. m mm ! Richmond & Danville R. R. Go. CONDENSED SCHEDULE. Iii Effect Feb. lGth, 1890. SOUTHBOUND. DAILY. The Medita tions of Marcus Aurelius and the Manual of Epictetus would not be deemed unfit reading for young people. It is a part of common inlorma tion and culture and no unfit thing,I take it, to know of the History of the Israelites, and the Life and Teachings of tho Chri3t. A good reason for banishing Moses or the Christ from our schools and school libraries would bo a sufficient reason likewise for banishing Socrates aud Seneca. Asi io from the rabid pro nouncements of tho secretary, and tho weak concessions of the politician among us, upon what broad and sensible ground can any book of morals be excluded from our'public schools ? The argument that shuts the Bible out, and. leaves Epictetus in, is an argument that needs careful .analysis. The best thing is to know all that there is to know about them all, I should say. But more. I know no bar in the or ganic law of this country or of this State, in state or local enactment, for bidding us to teach, by precept and ex ample in our public schools, The Ten Commandments, the Sermon on the Mount, the Fifteenth, the Twenty-third, tho Twenty-fourth, and the one hun dred and twenty-first Psalms, and that wonderful chapter of Paul's on Charity. And we teach them everywhero in the school as best we may. The only fault there is in it lies in our efforts not in our purposes. When I am denied the right to do all this in my system of schools under my charge, then I yield the charge. If I did not believe that our public schools 1 frequently meet with tho man that could be and were as distinctly religious does not believe in popular education on as any other schools, I should turn my wncral principles. lie affects to be a back ou them to-day. Htientitic man a disciple of the Popular Tho severance of church and State in Science Monthly doctrines. He is an America has been well. The divorce cm-my of public education every time, of religion .and government would be un- however. Will you let me have a word mixed evil. The two arc not the same. with him on some other of the general it could easily be shown that the Fath- propositions i irenueuuy iuu upuu m ers oi our uonsuiuuon meant, uie urst; WOOLLENS, consisting of first-class Diagonals, Corkscrews, English and French Silk, Tibet Granite ! Cloths, Bdonny and Irish Tweeds, Vienna and Australian Woollens, in rough and smooth lace goods. Trices have been put lower than ever before for same quality of goods. G. N. WALTERS, I No. 50. No. 52. Lv. Richmond 3 00 p m 2 30 a m " Burkville 5 00 pm 4 9 a m " Keysville 5 41 pm 5 OS a m " Danville 8 40 pm jS05am Ar. Greensboro 10 27 p m 942 am Lv. Goldsboro 3 20 p m 5 00 pa Ar. Raleigh 4 40 pm 900.pm Lv. Raleigh 4 45 p m 1 00 a m " Durham 548 pm 2 55 a m Ar. Greensboro 8 20 p m 7 30 am Lv. Winston Salem f5 30 p m 615 am " Greensboro 10 37 p m 9 50 a m Ar. Salisbury 12 20 a m 11 18 a m " Statesville .... 1 49 a m 12 09 p ra " Asheville 7 23 am 4 27 pm " Hot Springs ... 933 am 615 pm " - .I. - i i i - - Lv. Salisbury 12 32 a m 11 23 am Ar. Charlotte 3 05 am 12 40 p m " Spartanburg... 4 51am 33Spm " Greenville 5 56 a m 4 46 p m " Atlanta 11 00 a m 9 40 pm Lv. Charlotte 2 20 a m 1 00 p m Ar. Columbia (3 30 am 5 10 pm " Aucjusta 10 30 a m 9 00 pm jxo. w. cr.oss. CROSS & LINEHAN, W. A. UN'F.HAX. -LEADERS IN- Fine Clothing, Hats and Gents' Furnishings, SOLE AG ft XT S FOK THE CELEBRATED O. G. SHIRT FIN E - NECKWEAR - A SPECIALTY . nti FC1.L LIKE OF CHILDREN'S ANI Boys' Clothing! 210 Fayette ville St. Iloi-li, IV. C. ooi-iiDiEisr OFFOPTuisriTirr NORTH BOUND. L v. Augusta.. , " Columbia... Ar Charlotte . . , 2:4 Fayettoville St., R ALE1G II, mchl9-lstJune Lv. Atlanta Ar. Greenville . . . Spartanburg. Charlotte Salisbury it DAILY No. 51. 6 10 10 35 3 13 p m p m a m Lv. Hot Springs " Asheville . . . " Statesville.. Ar. Salisbury . . . Lv. Salisbury . Ar. Greensboro 6 00 12 35 1 3i 4 25 6 02 p m a m a m a i a m No. 53. 8 50 12 50 5 15 a m p m p m 710 am 1 48 p m p m p m p m 2 52 5 30 7 05 frll 10 p m 12 40 a m 5 02 a m 5 53 a m GOODS MUST BE SOLD I OAA pieces of all wool, black and colored dr-ss good.- at a fraction more than halt JJJ values. pieces black and colored silks (plain and fancv Surah silksl at far h than NVw Lork cost. 00 lain an(1 laucy I'arasols at less than fact iry cost. 000 piet'eS 01 latiie9' Cambric and Muslin Underwear, at 50c. on tho dollar. 4:00 Gnt'H' dvosa sllirta at f,0cM 85c, and 90c, worth S5c, U.10 and 1.25. T) A pairs Gents' and Ladies' hand-v,elt and hand-sewed line Shoes, and vou can naw Z.OJ from tl.OO to $2.00 on any pair of them. A complete line of French and American Corsets at a large discount from regular prices. White Goods, Laces, Embroideries, Gloves, Hosier y, Neck-wear, Ribbons, Fancv liraids, Collars, Cuffa, Cravat3, Jewelry and a host of other things that you can buv at prices'that will simply astonish vou. THE GOODS MUST BE SOLD. TJJPCHXJICII fc NORRIS, Trustees. 12 25 2 07 6 06 6 50 p m p m p m p m 6 07 7 45 a m a m 7 12 8 40 p m p m Ar. Winston-Salem ill 40 a m Lv. Greensboro Ar. Durham . . . Raleigh. Lv. Raleigh... Ar. Goldsboro Lv. Ar. Greensboro Danville Keysville Burkville Richmond 9 45 12 01 105 am p m p m tl2 30 am 11 00 500 7 45 p m a m a m 1 05 3 CO pmj p m! 9 00 12 50 am p m 7 50 am' 8 50 pm y 32 a m 12 45 p m 1 35 p m 3 45 p m 10 20 150 2 45 5 15 p m a m a m am DON'T" Dou't is a small word, but it expresses a heap under peculiar circumstances; for instance when we see a pistol point ed at us and we exclaim: "Don't shootl" DON'T BUY ELSEWHERE till you have seen our stock and prices means you will save money, for our prices are the lowest and is the stand ard to go by. New Goods Received Every Day. BETWEEN West Point, Richmond and Raleigh, Via Keysville, Oxford and Durham. 54 & 102 STATIONS. 55 & 103 my rounds! mis, ior a stari: iuuea tiou increases crime. If the allegation bo true, the converse is true illiteracy decreases crime. Contend for the urst ptono.sition, and you are obliged to con tend for the last. Rut who believes in .'hohcaitof him that ignorance is vir tue, and that it is folly to be wise? Who believes that it is the part of wisdom for a father to keep his children away from books and out of schools? Who believes that it is wise for the State to .ignore tho education of its citizenry? What father pcrsucB thia plan? What Mate or country deliberately adopts this polic) i Thcu exactly what relation has tduca tiou to crime? Perhaps it may be ar iru'd that the relation is one of quality . . ... nn it would be hard to show tended the last. that they in- Perhaps no man in America has had more varied experiences than Joe Jef ferson, or knows more of the varieties of American life than he. Read this from his Autobiography in the Century: "Look at the decorum observed by the vast assemblages that go to witness our national games. Disturbances are very rare. It would have been indecorous, if not dangerous, when I was a boy, for ladios and gentlemen to visit any tmb- lic grounds containing such large masses of people, whereas now thoy can do so with perfect safety. What lies at the foundation of this improve ment? People wen.t to church in those days as readily as they do now, and the Z7 CLOTHIERS SHATTERS 8 00 am 9 40 am 11 00 am 100 pm 2 05 p m 2 25 p m 2 i2 p m 2 4d p m 3 06 p m 3 20 pmi 3 35 pm 3 50 p m 3 58 p m 4 22 p m 4 00 pm 5 15 p m 5 45 p m 4 22 pm 4 4o p m 4 55 p m 5 17 p m 5 33 p m 0 39 p m Lv.West Point.. Ar Ar . . Richmond . . . Lv Lv . . Richmond . . . Ar ! .Burkeville.. " ...Keysville.. " Fort Mitchell " Finney Wood ..Chasewood. .Five Forks.. , . Clarksviile . Soudan... . ..Bullock's. . . ..Stovall's... 610 pm t4 45 p m 4 40 p m 2 45 p m 200 pm 12 58 pm 12 47 p m 12 30 pm 12 10 p m 11 5o a m 11 40 am 1124 am 11 15 am Ar Oxford....Lv10 46 am Lv Oxford Arj Ar...Dabney Lvi " ..Henderson.. " I 10 00 925 8 55 a m a m a m Lv Oxford ...Ari . . . .tUOU-l B, , ,. AJV j ....Lyon's " ...Hollo way.. " i ...Durham... " I Carey " I 7 00 p m Ar . . . Ralei&h Lv c ft tt 1U4U am 1016 am 10 00 am y 4o a m y2a am 8 33 am 8 15 am HISTORY ! LAW! FIIILGSOPHY ! SCIENCE ! I FICTION 1 WIT ! I SCHOOL BOOKS! Sunday-School Cooks, Gift Books, Juvenile Books, Blank Books. -AN? ORDER PEOMPTIiT FILLED BY- ALFRED WILLIAMS & CO., The North Carolina Book and Stationery Supply Ilouse. BOOKS FOR BUSINESS! BOOKS FOR FUN! :o: SPECIALTIES IN FANCY STATIONERY. COMPLETE BUSINESS OFFICE OUTFITS OF BOOKS, PAPER, INKS, WAX, MUCILAGE, STANDS, ERASERS AND EVERYTHING ELSE. Visiting Cards and Gift and Memento Cards without limitation as to variety and beauty. Complete catalogue free on application. ALFRED WILLIAMS & CO., RALEIGH, N. C. sn n mm imi I Have just returned from the Norths em Markets with the largest and best assortment ol Imported Sl'ItllVCJ AND SUMMER SUITINGS ever ofler- P $ ? $ ? School Work OUH GREAT SPECIALTY ed in the city of Raleigh. My terms rather than quantity. The arguments laws were administered quite as rigidly f Allison and Buckle are to the effect There is only one solution to this prob- i hat education docs not effect the sum of lem tho free school has done this t rimt but has to do onlv with the items of work." E. O. Branson. thu total; mat educated communities are not less criminal, nor more criminal, tU:u primativo and rudo communities, but that tho crimes of tho one differ in kind from the crimes of the other. This WiUttntion would regard education as Eakin men not less criminal, but as making them criminals of a more refined son. Tlio man that yields himself to this .vruuient, must educate his boy with thn ono motive of makiug, not a gross r;.l vulgar criminal, but an elegant and t-.'iL'ini? scoundrel, if it should so una; from other causes that he is to b' a criminal at all. In short, he will rosurt to education for his boy with no belief iu education as a safe-guard against wroug doing, but with the hope that in any event the boy may escape bcit,g a dirty dog of a fellow, but such a sptciinea, say, of polite lechery as the Lotion Truth occasionally falls upon in W.t Knd. Now ia point of truth, no man among hi not even the sophist, looks upon ed ucation in this way, as he educates his own son. In tho hearts of us we believe every time that if the qualities and ten dencies of the education of our boys have k'en intrinsically good, then the chances tor evil in them are lessened. In other words overv man and every community believes in education as a matter of self defense, areue about it as you may. and that education as a defense has distinct value as a defense. This is the silent and universally forceful motive in every educational move forward since the be- Please Take Notice! THAT THE TIME FOR PLANTING MAGNOLIAS ia here. I havo a lot from C inches to 5 feet, which I will soil from 10 to 50 cents, or $8.00 to 140.00 per hundred. Lots for side walK at $3.00 a piece, planted and guaranteed in Nor folk. Elsewhere I charge for expense extra, or $3.00, dug up and no responsibility. 1 also have EY-EliUKljEMs too numerous to men tion. Teraona neediDg these Tlanta should come earlv and make choice. J. M. BONNOT, Mch 26-lm Jamea Street, Norlolk, Va. The quickest way to get a orood new thirty into use is to take the risk of it. You can get the corset that, mdre than any other, gives a woman a happy face, you can wear it two or three weeks and return it it not satisfactory. Ask at our store. The corset is ball s. We have a primer on Cor sets that is worth your reading. W. H. & R. S. TUCKER & CO. JAMES McKIMMON & CO., JAMES McKIMMON & CO., ' fDaily except Sunday. Daily. "Daily i except Alonaay. i - i Additional train leaves Oxford daily except Sundayll.00 a. m., arrive Hender son ia. uo p. m., returning leave xienaer sen 2.10 p. m. daily except Sunday, arrive Oxford 3.15 n. m. No. 50 leaving Goldsboro 2.20 p m. and i Raleigh 4 45 p. m. daily makes connection I at Durham with No. 19, leaving at 6.00 p. m. daily, except bunday tor Oxford, Hen derson, and all points on O. 6c H., O. & C, and R. & M. Roads. Passenger coaches run through between West Point and Raleigh via Keysville, on Nos 54 and 102, and 55 and 103. Nos. 51 and 53 connect at Richmond from and to West Point and Baltimore daily except Sunday. Nos. 50 and 51 connect at Goldsboro with trains to and from Morehead City and Wilmington, and at Selma to and from Fayetteville. JNo. 52 connects at Greensboro for Fay etteville. No. 53 connects at Selma for Wilson, N. C. Nos. 50 and 51 make close connection at University Station with trains to and from Chapel Hill, except Sundays. arc CASH, which will enable me o sell these goods nt astonishingly low figures. Come early and make your selection before my Stock has been picked over. Pleasure taken in Showing Stock and 133 Fatetteville Street and 5 Hakgett St A PROSPEROUS COMPANY, The uVAna. Life's Gains in 1889. The handsome gains made by the Aetna T.tfe Insurance Company the past year, in every department of its business, shows con clusively that the company is actively and BUCCOBsfully, as well as conservatively, man aged. Its growtn irom year w j ear uas ueen steady and substantial, mo gams were as follows: A gain iD membership of 3j23G A gain in interest income of $51,435.05 A gain in market values ot 54,973.05 A gain in surplus of 179,036.30 A gain in premium receipts of 334,446.66 A gain in income of 385,881. A gain in assets of 930,781. A gain in new business of 4,095,511.00 A gain in insurance of 7,765,415.50 m7-8m BUY BUY THE THE BEST-BE8T- We Have Just Received a Full Line of Peter Henderson's GARDEN SEED GARDEN SEED PURITAN POTATOES ONION SETS explaining how an elegant and satis factory outfit can be had at small cost. I. WINETROB, MERCHANT TAILOR, 114 Fayetteville St FOR THE- ftEXT NINETY DAYS. NEW PRESSES, ( NEW TYPE. FRESH PAPER. AND SKILLED WORKMEN'. jWEstimates furnished on application. Largest and best equipment in our line in the State. -Everything Pertaining to the Garden- -JAMES MoKLMMON & CO.--JAMES MoKLMMON & CO.- SLEEPING-CAR SERVICE. On Trains 50 and 51, Pullman Buffet Sleeper between Atlanta and New York, Danville and Augusta, and Greensboro, via Asheville to Morriatovra, Tenn. On 52 and 53, Pullman Buffet Sleeper between WTashincton and New Orleans via Montgomery, and between Washing ton and Birmingham, Richmond and Greensboro, Raleigh and Greensboro, aud between Washington and Augusta, and Pullman Buffet Sleepers between Wash ington and Asheville and Hot Springs. Through Tickets on sale at principal Stations to all points. For rates, local and through time tables apply to any agent of the company, or to SOL HAAS, JAS. L. TAYLOR, Traffic Manager. Gen. Pass. Agent. W. A. TUKK, Div. Pass. Agent, RALEIGH, N. C. J Solicit the Patronage of the LADIES iu Dress-making and Tlain Sewing at my Residence 120 Halifax Street, flaleigh, 3i. C. Respectfully, 4-1-eod-lm MRS. IDA MORRIS. FOR DINNER DESSERT AND TEA. Everything in the way of first-class canned goods; Peaches, Pears, Apricots, Cherries. &c. . &c. Canned Vegetables of every description; Shrimps, Salmon, Lobsters, xc. isest gooas, lowest A good corn, standard No. 2 size, per can i3 a cheap vegetable. 1 prices at 10c. EDWARDS Jc RROUGIITON, Printers, Binders and Blank Book Manufacturer, Raleigh, N. C. V t m m HARDIN & PESCUD. NEW ROE HERRINGS. Thirty thousand new Roe Herrings," Finest uish, packed expressly to order; at retail, and in half barrels, containing one hundred pounds of fish net. Weight guaranteed. HARDIN & PESCUD. FLOUR, FLOUR. Triplett's "Monarch," "Stock's Queen.'' and the ever popular Patapsco brands, "Superlative" and "Orange drove. Prices as low as the lowest. HARDIN & PESCUD. PORTRAITS PAINTED BY W. G. RANDALL, 131K Fayetteville Street, RALEIGH, N. C. tSfTestimonials will be furnished upon application. dectl-tt SU3INER & WATTS, Tonsorial Artists, Have opened a firat-clasa Shaving and Hair Dresrting Saloon at Frapa' old stand, Fayette ville street, Raleigh, N. C. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED, mch&tf