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STATE OHEONIOLE, TUESDAY, MAY 13, I8u.
i .tt gtatcCItt'Ofiiiclc B Y ClIBQjnOLE PUBLISHING CO. Every Atoming &k" - men PRICE OF CHROMUl T S 16 00 pel ryear; 13.00 for 6 months; $1.50 for 3 months. THE BUSINESS OFFICE and Editorial Rooms ot ttie Chronicle aw on the .econd floor of No. 216, Faetteville St. pOMMUNICA-HONS RMU'ETO VJ tne Business IJeprtment of thto paper should be made payable to his order. JOSEPH US DANIELS, - - Editor. 1). H. BROWDER, - Bus. Manager. UAL. W. AYER - Aso. Editor. TUESDAY, MAY 13, 1890. Equal and Exact Justice to all Men, of Whatever State or Persuasion, Re ligious or Political. Thomas Jefler- publ ic life. It is only a few weeks since thaU we received a cordial letter frcm hi ja requesting extra copies of theCuaox icle containing Prof. Winston's excel lent article on "An Object Lesson in Education." He was an enthusiastic be liever in public education and he had rendered signal service to its advancement. In Wilson and Winston and Greensboro he did great woik that will live. While in Wilson he was married to Miss Mamie Adams who made him an accomplished help meet. He leaves two children besides his wife to mourn their loss. The Chronicle joins them in deep sorrow at his untimely death. He wa3 about 38 years old and a long career of useful ness stretched out before him. Rev. Alexander L. Phillips thus wrote of him: 'Professor Tomlinson does not ad mit that teachers are born such, bnt stronely intimates they are, many son. THE JUNIOR RESERVES. TharA i no storv of the war that has more of patriotic interest than the re ntal tliA noble deeds of the brave that if need to be 'bom aeain " He says that "notn- ing brings about regeneration so readily as work, success oegets genius, and success itself is begotten through dint of good, honest, conscientious, well- directed nam worK ana mvinciuie ueier- mination to succeed. This is genius. Urged on by these convictions, he has become a diligent student. The result ures, which, if carefully considered, j were of tl evolves sufficient to indicate ' the inevitable end. In ;i hopeless effort to stay the rapid depreciation of the cur- rency, the treasury notes then in circu lation were called in for redemption, and ; a new currency issued at the rate of two dollars for three. '"Coin was so rare that the treasury I quaked j If a dollar should drop in the till." ; The writ of habeas corpus, the type and the bulwark cf Anglo-Saxon f : e dom, was permitted to be suspended at the will of the President, and the pa triot was forced to the alternative that be should be charged with lukewarm ness to the cause of independence, or ba disloyal to the principles of civil lib erty. The taxation and impressment laws were so amended and enlarged in their operation that their deforcement was equivalent to actual confiscation of all materials and supplies adapted to the exigencies of the armies in the field. During the progress of the year, the Secretary of the Treasury reported an error in his estimates, and a consequent deficiency of four hundred millions of oattaious were allv consolidated into regiments, the 1 'ia Julv 1S34, the second in Dec her lSul, ana me iunu January 1865, it may to give the final organization first regiment, couipu&eu vj. vth bat all ions, F. S. j Colonel. C. W. B 'J ' t 1 liev'th ruHr troops who were men performing guard duty, these battalions sere at once placed upon duty up and down the lines of the important rail roads, with especial regard to bridges and the po;nts where raids were expect-.-i i- r,P iv-utaious were evetitu iuu mat in eariv in be well Of the the first Armistead oadfoot .Lieu- V 1 1 r..,,.r!iilonfl. and Walter CiarK, Major Of the second, composed of the second and fifth batallions, Jno. H. Anderson was Colonel, W. F. Beasley, Lieutenant-Colonel, and N. A. Greg ory Maior. Of the third, composed of ViJ J 1 K.pllmnc unci of the fourth, Jolin w . Hinsdale was Colonel, w. jt osier xieuu, Lieutenaut-Colonel, a-d A. B. Elling ton Major. There was besides one bv Mai. Wright Tiio nm n or iU.iiiaiti a uaum- fortres?. The haroic gairison held out for a time, but at last over-powered by ihe tearful bombardrs-ut and the -iier force of numbers. Whittiog.teoi),duven from the fort to the edge of the water, Gen. Lamb and their troops weie Isortnern nis to nes not know -VnVl. to admire most tne neroiMii ui relied to surrender. A X riau we'l says: "One d( the trie sevei remains Huske. of instruction at boys who composed the Junior Reserves. 0f his hard study is that he is thoroughly They went into the struggle when the progressive, 'holding to whatever is 00 . . ftf fVio rAA and ftnntinc whatever is best of the new, discarding noth- mg because n is oiu, uu auupuu nothing because it is new. He glory and splendor of ar had giveu nliA In hardahina and Bufferings. But thev went hopefully and joyfully, ana . I . w i, i!. .i ijiii : e though beardless and immature in pny- may oe cauea a practical uimw wu, ioi ML development, they proved them-. u - "r Thl . . I vwvv m - w n r- - selves full grown men m tne powers oi t 0 hig succesg may be best given in his own words : "The thorough per fecting of plans and careful working up of details." Prof. Tomlinson's modesty, gentleness purity of life and of language, faithtul ness. cheering words, ana warm nears have endeared him to many friends throughout the State. endurance and fortitude. In the eulogies that have been pro nounced upon the bearers of the war, comparatively little has been written or spoken of the deeds of these youths who left their books and mother's apron strings to obey the call of their State. The ladies of Raleigh were happy in selecting 4,The Junior Reserves" as the theme for the memorial oration, and happy in the choice of the orator. Himself one of the most talented of the army of Junior Reserves, Fib. H. Bcsbek, Esq., has paid a loving and just tribute to his comrades that deserves to live in his tory. Among the host of boys who com posed the flower of the army, was David J. Rtan, the brother of Father Ryan, who lost his life "on his country's hallow ed altar." In memory of his brother, Father Ryan has written one of his most beautiful and heart-touching Doems. It is specially appropriate to follow the eleeant tribute paid the Junior Reserves by Mr. Busbee, and will touch the heart of not a few of our readers whose fondly-loved son or brother "fell in the front." IN MEMORY OF MY BROTHER. Young as the youngest who donned the ura , True as the truest that wore it, Brave as the bravest he marched away, , (Hot tears on the cheeks of his mother lay), Triumphant waved our flag one day He fell in front before it. Firm as the firmest where duty led, He hurried without a falter; Bold as the boldest he fought and bled, And the day was won but the field was red And the blood of his fresh young heart was shed On his country's hallowed altar. On the trampled breast of the battle plain Where the foremost ranks had wrestled, On his Dale cure face not a mark of pain, (His mother dreams they will meet again;, The fairest form amid an tne siain, Like a child asleep he nestled. In the solemn shades of the wood that swent The field where his comrades found him. They buried him there and the big tears crept Into strong men's eyes that had seldom weDt. (His mother God pity her smiled and sleet. Dreaming her arms were around him). A grave in the woods with the grass o'er grown, A grave in the heart of his mother Ills clay in the one lies lifeless and lone; There is not a name, there is not a stone. And only the voice of the winds maketh moan O'er the grave where never a flower is strewn, Bnt his memory lives in the other. DEATH Of PROF. TOMLINSON. The Chronicle is in receipt of an in vitation to bs present at the meeting of the Maryland Historical Society. Mr. Stephen B. Weeks, of Johns Hopkins University is on the programme to read a paper. He is an industrious, accurate and studious young North Carolinian, and we rejoice in the honor and recog nition that comes to him. TheTaylorsville Index is a new can didate for public favor. Mr. E. L. Hedrick is editor. He starts out well The Chronicle wishes it great success. X JUNIOR RESERVES. The Full Text of the Memorial Address ol Fabius II. Busbee, Esq., Deliver ed in Raleigh Yesterday. We are surejthat all the readers of the Chronicle will enjoy Mr. Busbee's ad dress, and wj therefore surrender our editorial space in order to present it in full. Editor. Ladies of the Memorial Association and Comrades: No one can regret more than myself the causes unnecessary to recount nere, wmcn Drougnt aoout a change in the subject of the annual ad dress. I was unwilling to prepare, and the As sociation to receive, a memorial of the great soldier whom North Carolina gave to the Conferderate cause, which should be inadequate or imperfect. At a future anniversary there will doubtless, be a proper sketch given of the life and services of the peerless sold ier and Christian gentlemen, Major Gen eral William D. render. To-day I shall attempt to sketch briefly the services of the North Caro lina Junior Reserves. The mortal blows had been stricken. and the young Confederacy was wound ed unto death. Whatever hopeful un certainties existed at the time, in the clear light of subsequent events no one can now deny that after July 1863 the success of the Southern Cause, humanly speaking, was impossible. After an he roic but fruitless resistance on July 4th, twenty seven thousand men, the flower of the Western army, hemmed in by un breakable barriers, were starved into a sullen surrender at Yicksburg. The day before, the immortal valor that conse crated the field of Gettysburg was un availing to hold the perilous heights, stormed at such fearful cost, and the noblest army that ever bore standard into action, fell back baffled and crip pled. The possibility of final victory was over. But neither of the contend ing forces could at the time realize the far-reaching consequences of n-hiipi in camD u.onfnn was attacked by a consider- dollars, and taxes at the rate of five per cwA frtreeof Federal raiders, surrounded cenu, wmcn iiau just ueeu eouecieu, i ofnraH But the great necessity that over shadowed all, was the need of men. There was no Cadmus to procure the serpent's teeth, that sown in fertile Theban valley spring up an armed sol diery. Into the Union armies the nations of the earth were pouring their surplus population, tempted by prodigal boun ties which almost equalled in their royal munificence the reckless pensions of these "piping times of peace." The blockaded and beleagured South, im poverished, with her scattered popu lation, always haunted by a brooding fear of a servile insurrection, could see upon the dark horizon no ray of light. The ranks of her armies, already de pleted by the losses on the field, were daily thinned by desertion, and every effort to recall the laggards seemed in vain. With reluctance unfeigned and deep, but as the only alternative, on February 17th 18G1, the Congress passed the new enrollment act, and "robbing alike the cradle and the grave" called into the service of the Confederacy every man and boy who was able to bear arms in her defence. Those who bad furnished substitutes were no longer protected by their contract of exemp tion. Men between the ages of forty five and fittv were ordered to oe en listed in the Senior between the ages eighteen were mustered into the mili tary service as Junior Reserves. Under the terms of the acr, before the service should be made compulsory by conscription an opportunity was given to all to volunteer. It is important to recall the condition of affairs which then existed. By the spring of 18G4 all the nickel-plating of the war had rubbed off, and its romance and poetry had taken flight. In 1861, when resplendent uniforms, dashing horses, camps over running with every luxury, seemed the usual adjuncts of war, he only was to be pitied who was left behind, and volun 'eering seemed a holiday excursion. In the three years which had passed, even the most light-hearted boy had been brought face to face with stern realities The hill-sides of Virginia were filled wi'h shallow soldiers sepulchres, and every household mourned its slain, lhe ho.s pitals were crowded with the sick and wounded whom over-worked surgeocs, lily supplied with instruments aud me h cines. were frequently unable to relieve. Desertion, HKe an eating cancer, was poisoning the blood and sapping the spirit of the army. The duties of the absent fathers had fallen upon the shoulders of the boys to whom tne mothers looked for food and protection There was no longer any doubt as the the meaning of the word. War meant privation, hunger, disease and unknown graves. As some indication of the scarcity of every article of necessity, a glance at the prices prevailing at the time will prove of interest. In February, 1884, coffee and sugar were unattainable lux uries worth twelve dollars a pound; bacon and lard were three dollars and a half per pound: meal was eighteen dol lars, and sweet potatoes were ten dollars It was the intention or uongretb lo place as light a burden upon the Re serves as possible, and President Davis spoke with keen regret of the unfortunate necessity of "grinding up the seed corn of the Conferacy," But it is by no means sure that it would not have been a wiser policy simply to have reduced the age of enlistment, and to have mus tured the young recruits into the regi ments already in the field. ihe lie- serves were supposed to have been de tailed for less dangerous duty, but in other respects they were not so well off. Their arms, clothing and equipment of every kind, were deficient in quantity and quality, even as compared with tiiat of the other trops. Both men and offi cers were inexperienced in camp life, and it was hard to impress them with the necessity for rigid sanitary precau tions. Besides, tney were stationed during the summer and autumn of 1SG4, in the unhealthy portions of the Stare, and the unacclimated boys from the western and central counties suffered greatly from disease. An epidemic of measles raged with great severity and proved in many instances fatal. And thus without much loss in battle, ordered here and there as necessity arose, bearing the privations of camp, the fatigue of forced marches and the I i ; j; i.u. i i - . - Reserves, and boys weaKenmg oi uieas., uko mt uiave laus of seventeen and Luej were, uecoimug uener uisuipuneu day by aay ana seeing many ot tneir best men sent off to their regular service as tney became is tcey saw tne year 18G4 eventful in other. fields wearing to its close. In December the battalions, which afterwards composed the third regiment, were stationed near Wilmicg- tou, and the first ana second regiments were in camp near eldon. It was of great importance that the railroad and bridges at this strategic point, should be well guarded, as they were much ex posed to sudden raids. At this time tne enemy wno were m tne trencnes in front of Petersburg, made an effort to cut the line of railroad between Wel- don and Petersburg, and thus cut of the supplies upon which Lee's armv was dependent for bread. The Junior Reserves could not be compelled to cross the State line, but i . 1 r . -1 -a wuen tne nrst ana secona regiments were drawn out in line of battle and the proposition made to them to volun teer for service in Virginia, not one man declined. With cheers and enthusiasm more characteristic of the days of "sixty one" than of the closing scenes of the war, the boys made haste to go. The shoes recently issued to them were can vass apologies, wretched ghosts of shoes at best, had iu many instances given completely out before the march began, and repeating the 'hard experiencs of their ancestors at Valley Forge, many of these young heroes marched bare foot into battle upon the sleet covered ground. The enemy had destroyed a part of the railroad, but were met by the Reserve at Beliefield and driven back and the threatened danger was averted. For this service the General Assembly unanimously passed a resolution tender ing to the Junior Reserves for their gal lantry and good conduct the thanks of n 1 L the defence or the gallantry oi ice at tack." , A Col. William Lamb, the gallant com mander of the fort during the first at tack, thus gives his estimate of the con duct of the reserves in a telegram just received. "It gives us real pleasure to baar tes timony to the gallantry of the North Carolina Junior Reserves at Fort Fisher when Porter and Butler were repulsed. T-n. fivf lifp sacrified there in defence of Carolina homes was that of an heroio bov: and another Junior reserve 1.,- fT. n. dpsnerate task, was VUlUUtCCttu IT that in nerforminz the perilous duty n fnf nhritmft dav. eighteen hun- dred and sixty-four, when North Caro linians won imperishable renown by re pelling the most formidable fleet that ever sailed, two out of every three that. WPTfl killed outrieht were Junior Reserves. No language can more iorci bly describe the bravery and heroism of these boys than the statement of this fact." In these two engagements quite a number of the Junior Reserves were killed or captured. Lieut. Hamlin with great courage and coolness escaped from the enemy, eluded re capture and brought quite a number of his men safi-iv within our lit.e-s. Bv" ti n time Sherman's torch-light prooWion had entered North Carolina, ami thence forward no one had any oc casion to volunteer to leave the State to find a battle ground. The three regi ments and the battalion of Junoir Re serves were united at Kmston into a brigade uader Gen. L. S. Baker, and formed one of the regular brigades or Hoke's division. From this time for ward they became regular troops, re ceiving the same treatment and perform ing the same duties as the otner ongaaes. The brigade was commanded afterwards by Col. Nethercutt, and then by Col. A'rmisteid. Lieut. Gen. Harden was the corps commander.. , t-. . . ? j li . :t- At lvinsion, weiau uui lu wa.ii. Gen. Terry's corps was ordered to ad vauce from New Berne to join the main body of Sherman's army operating from iayetteville, and we were between the upper and the nether mill-stone. We struck Terry 8 advancing columns at South West Creek, just below Kinston, and there was a sharp conflict in which the advantage was clearly with the Con federates. I can well recall the min gled sensations of elation and anxiety of the young lieutenant who was officer rior to no mmbpr of the profession in the Sta'e, Jon W. Hm.-diW-, of RtVigh, the cha-tH :!i prl.s auv.ciie of the Chowan, d lain L. rruenot ivienton, he ciiva'ric and zea'ous w. roster Ftefjfh of Kobiaoii; the e'oquent and courtly Charles Price of R-wran; the scholarly and erudite Hugh F. Murray, of Wilson; the successful lawyer ai:d pol ished gentb-mao, Adjutant Alexander T. London of Wilmington, now of Bir mingham; the lawyer and politician, in the best sense of the term; Reuben Mc Brayer late of Cleveland, are names that tugest them-'ves. In ihe world of bu siness the names are equally numerous: Col. John H. Anderson, who has achiev ed mark success in New York: Cel. W. F. Beasely io well and widely knowo; Maj. N. A. Gregory of Oxford, a high type of manhood, and a host beside of whom I hail only unnie a few: Such men as Js W. Grainger of Lenoir; Prof. J. M Bindy of Trinity College. Dr. La Favette Foster of Franklin; J. J. Laughiughouse of Pitr; J. S. Pescad of Raleigh; L. A Bristol and H. A Donley of Burke; J. D. Kerr of Duplin; Capt. O. C. Wells of Cleveland; W. H. Overman of Salisbury; Lieut. Fetzer of Cabarrus, are men who do honor to the Junior Re serves in every department of human activity. But not to these representative ofS- Li. 1 1 L cers, nonoraoie auu iiouureu iuouq thev be, do we tender the laurel to-day. ot tne auard during the lone night followed, and wThich pointment wnen the the unwelcome news had been reinforced and that the columns his bitter disap morning brought that the Federals during the night, of Sherman, ad- It it with unfeigned regret that we record the death of Professor J. L. Tomlinson, Superintendent of the Greensboro Graded Schools, at his resi- these disasters, and more than once dur dence in Greensboro on Sunday. He ing the year that followed a wide-spread was born in Randolph county, of parents despondency was prevalent at the North i"uu"ucu """"kiD "4 greater sacrifices in the South, Docieiy ot menus, oi wuioa xua bo Fo ,hen oup trinmDh waa daWd was a staunch advocate. He graduated 1 And manv a heart erew sore afraid aibushel. This was early in 1864, and a ths people of North Carolina. year later every price quoted had more These two regiments were then rapid- tnan aouDled. ly marched into Martin countv and at The pay of a private soldier for a Poplar Point, under Col. Leaventhrope month of exposure and danger would drove back a threatened attack of the buy him just one pound of sugar; while Federal Gunboats which had been de- the magnificent monthly cDmpensation vastating that section and threatening of a lieutenant would not purchase him the rich grain fields of the Roanoke. an mamerent pair of shoes. During the same December those bat- And let no disciple of an inflated cur- tallions which were not at Belfield, were rency delude himself with the idea that destined to take part in a more im- mcney was so plentiful that we didn't portant battle. For many months the mind high prices. That was a pleasing attention of the Feueral commanders fiction which was prevalent after the had been especially directed to Wilmins?- war, but has little foundation in fact to ton and its defences. The impossibility support it. The speculator, the trader, of maintaining an effective blockade, and the gambler were lavishly supplied, and the great service done the Confed- out tne great mass ot salaried, proles- eracy by the importation of so manv sional and laboring men found it diffi- articles indispensable to the various I M. ueu er.- and sun-' mant buds leaf and fr? : women, u come to tribute of recurring sprit g, witn clew breathes up m the dot- iiid wakes them into tender rant bl)iSom, and Southern iving precious memories, pay their never-failing love to their dea l heroes. vancing from Fayetteville, and of Scho- field, from Wilmington, were threaten ing our rear. Rapidly evacuating Kinston the Con federate forces were hurried through Goldsboro and Smithfield and at Averas- toro checked the advancing enemy Three days later, just before the junc- A" a. 1 TT ' j a . 1 . i;oa ot me union iorces irom wiimmg ton and layetteviile, Gin. Johnston gave battle at Bennettsville, Toi was ine most important action tougut on Aorth Carolina soil. The scene of action was a combination of field and thicket near the dividing line between Johnston and Sampson coun ties. No one who witnessed the inspir ing sight can ever forget the charge of S. D. Lee's corps, early in the action. With ranks well alined, field and .-.taff officers mounted, as upon parade, iight batteries filling the spaces between the brigades, grandly they swept across the open field, driving the enemy before them. Later in the day when it became necessary to charge the divisions en trenched within the almost inpenetrable a -.vamp, auu uiierwaras to fiold against their rearest, sw-etest flowers will al ways adorn tne unmarked grave of the Private Sold er. These unlettered lads knew and cared nought abjut the com plex poli.ical prorJiems that could be solved only upon the deadly boards of war. They kuew only that North Caro lina had called them to her defence, and leaving all behind thev came, "bearing all things, believing all thing, enduring all thiugs." They looked for no personal glory, they shirked no duty, they were false to no trust. True, when the long day's march was over, and under the sighing pines the tired boys threw themselves supperless upon the ground to sleep, and thoughts of home and mother came unforbidden guests, some time, "Something on the soldier's cheek washed off the stain of powder." Gen. Hoke, their attached and beloved commander, thus writes concerning them: "The question of the courage of the Junior Reserves was well established by themselves in the battle below Kinston, and at the battle of Bentonviile. At Bentonville, you will remember, they held a very important part of the battle fitld in opposition to feherman's old and tried soldiers, and repulsed every charge that was made upon them with very meagre and rapidly thrown up breat wcrks. Their conduct in camp, on the march and ou the battle field was every thing that could be expected of them, and I am free to ay, was equal to that of the old soldiers who had passed through four years of war. On the re treat through Raleigh, where many passed by their homes, scarcely one of them left their ranks to bid farewell to tLeir fiiends, their friends, though they knew not where they were going and what dangers they would encounter." But their moistened eves were hidden . ..... by the kindly veil of niht, and the morning's sun brought brightness in its train. They were so young, so gallant, and so true. Whether like young Den mark, with naked, bleeding feet, thev were marciiiug into battle against Grant's veterans in Virginia, or fever stricken in a wayside hospital, are bab bling of green fields or are sinking into the unconscious sleep that pressasre ucam, mey Kepi tneir courage to the end. Their actions Smell sweet and blossom in the dust.'" 1 want no higher distinotinn tii an tr ' v i ti v their assaults the line of hastily formed he deemed worthy to do honor to tho still with high honors at Trinity College be fore he was twenty-one years old. He then spent a year at a Northern college, and obtained a master's degree. He was a teacher early, and at the age of seventeen he had a school with one hundred and fifty pupils. Before the close of his last college year he was elected to a position in Santa Barbara College, in California, to the headship of which he was advanced at the end of We still hoped on while gleamed the blade, Of noble Robert Lee." in tne opnng oi looi, an army con fronted Sherman in the West, whose bravery, leadership and endurance, he baa every reason to hold in the highest respect, with spirit yet unbroken the army of Northern Virginia, smarting under their losses in 1867, were waiting an opportunity to avenge the disaster of Gettysburg. How well their confi dence was justified, let the three days of one year. He then went to .Baltimore, ternoie connici in ine w naerness, the and took a course in John Hopkins Uni- siangnter tnnce repeated, at ,u. tt v:. : Cold Harbor, and the Tanous battlefields aj.o open i, uio ouuino u uw of iRRA bear witness. mai scnooi wortc, ana in isb spem tne But we can see clearly now that all summer in Germany, where he took in- the fortitude, all the bravery of that struction in teaching. In 1882 he was aaaiy 7e?' ere exertea in a hopeless 1 t.:J-1 $ j.j I veiuiaaienug iaie. AS ; V. . WUW1 the long winter wore away to its close, u itoovu, mum vm .uio us vfcuv iuw i auu tuu spnug campaign oi lbo4 was Superintendent of the Winston Graded about to open, the Congress of the Con- School. In 1882 he was Superin- sederate States was confronted with appalling aimcumes. uompeiled to kw.k vmvuu. nw in secret session me rresiaent ana lien vears ago he was elected Superintendent era! Commanding laid before the Con of the Greesboro Grided Rr.hool-. and gress unvarnished statements of the cult to live. Such were the condition of affairs when the boys of North Carolina were called upon to volunteer in her defence. To their eternal credit be it said that when their State called upon them to come, they faltered not. And thoush it was the very tearing asunder of heart strings, their mothers bade them go. "The aged sires and matrons grey, Saw the young warriors haste awav, And deemed it sin to grieve." Under the terms of their enlistment, Confederate departments, made the cap ture of that port the object of the greatest interest. It is not necessary for me to-day to go fully into the story of the two at tacks upon Fort Fisher, to thesh anew the old straw, or to review the quarrel between Porter and Butler in regard to the fir.it attack. The battallions of the Third Regiment formed a part of tne garrison who so bravely withstood the onslaught of Weitzel's troops, and drove them back to the shelter of the fleet. theRaserves were enrolled for dutv with- Frpnh's and Reeca's battallinna at. fh in the limits of their respective States, beginning cf the fight were posted some distance trom tne tort, at the Battery and were permitted to elect their own company officers. Field officers were elected by the company officers. With a sagacity and conservatism hardly to have been expected, their choice of offi cers were most admirable. No appoint ing power could have selected from the membership more gallant, faithful and deserving bDdies. The organization of all the troops de Tl TTT l x 1 1 isucoanan. uen me order came to repair to Fort Fisher, they ran the peril ous gauntlet under the fire of the entire fleet. French's battallion manned the land-face ot the fort, and kept that po sition throughout a considerable part of the fight. One little fellow, Private Campbell, of Columbus county, I think too small to fire over the naranet breast-works, the Junior Reserves were m tne tmefcest ot the fight, and proved themselves no unworthy comrades of the veterans of the Eastern and the Western armies. But when the day closed the masses of Sherman's army were in reach, and the inevitable re inforcement could not be prevented Slowly and sullenly we fell back, while Sherman went on to unite his various commands at Goldsboro. While he was ..v.t,.uouiu& Alio oiuies auu restinfT 1113 forces there, Johnston's army wa3tak ing a short breathing spell m camp near Smithfield. When Sherman's hundred thousand soldiers began their last ad vance, our little army moved too and in the same direction. We passed through Raleigh just one day ahead of the ene my and there learned of Lee's surrender. As we went on by easy marches to Hih Point, Generals Johnston and Sherman entered upon their abortive negotiations for peace at Durham. When those failed the army was surrendered, the soldiers were sent home upon parol and "Ul was over. or a quarter of a vcuLury me returned Confederate memories of my dead comrades, when, 'Without sword or Hag, and with sound less tread. We muster once more our deathless dead. wul vl eacn loneiy grave. Heroes of unwritten bistnrr soldiers of the Confed eranv a-nrtiv in take their place in history beside the North Carolinians who bore ;the South- Malvern Hill, or those who fell fihtin within the Federal lint s Cemetery Ridge, all honor to the North Carolina Junior Reserves I A WORD TO HOUSE-KEEPERS: The careful preparation of our great stocks of House-keeping and House-furnishing Goods is receiving ine renpatpi onmmn-nA,; t , vuimi,uuaU(JU Ui OUT fll diers have kept the letter and the soir it n!Anugho.ul..e St.at- The sec- ot that parole. They have given noun a-i , TuaiDS devoted to divided ftlWinnottn.: run the display cf these coods. b.-imr v. They are to P? for this purpose, and offe as aevoted to the maintenance of its su- ""TT i iu s Ior becoming premacy as they are faithfn to 5 1 qUnted mth the memories nf thf met oi j.. . "c preparea to furnish hri0 . w I'uo., ciin xx c 1 call V 10 1 c , 1 r , . testify their devotion not with the flow, f "mme.otel3 Pnvae residences, par- !Ff 0f0d...trite merely, but with the SnW lmJmsl llbra.rAes lls, njjeueu iruii oi loyal deeds. Witn carpets These reeiments of .Tnn;n, t mattings, rugs, curtains, drnnpri f,' organized at a late period of the war, for wnJiP001?11 a?d Pn frost- a.u a,cai, u(juu ueiacnea aatv. and 7, . suarameeing m participating only for a short time in a Laae ine workmanship and regular campaign, cannot vie with the .fonable prices. This stock can older regiments in the bsrs of rn not fAl1 to meet all reouirementa And , ,., . .. " "A 1UU1UUM I nn .11 A " v patties inscribed unon thir Hotn,. OUil' rasirs. rr . w" uuttic Alalia fined for detached duty in the State, jumped upon a cannon, exposing his his industry and capacity as an organiz er waa making it one of our most effi cient public schools. While in Winston he began the publication of the School Teacher. army. Money, food, clothing, arms, medicines, supplies of every kind, and above all, men were imperatively de manded. The insatiate Moloch of war had made his imperative requisitions, ana tney coma not do reiused; In obedience to the ihe Thus is given in a few words I hnnr th vA&r lRrU was nh0wi in u outline of Piior. Tomuinson's the enactment of certain stringent meas- Senoir and Junior Reserves, Home Guard and wounded soldiers, detailed for light duty, was entrusted to Lieut. Gen. Holmes, a native North Carolinian whose capacity for a work of the kind was unquestionaoie. As soon as the companies were formed thev wera hup. ried off to camps of instruction, and as soon as the required number of compa nies were gathered together they were organized into battalions. The first battalion was commando J Maj. 0. W. Broadfoot, the second hv Maj. Jno. H. Anderson, the third was uomposea or &emor:Keserves, the fourth elected Maj. Reece. the fifth Mai w v Beasly, the sixth Maj. Walter Clark "the seventh, Maj. W. Foster French- tha eighth, Maj. J. B. Ellington; and the whole ooay to mat deadly hail, ard fired until he fell. During the whole battle their coolness and courage were worthy of veterans. As certain com paiiits were passing aloDg through the fort to the most dangerous portion of the works, they passed near General Whiting, the officer in command. Turn ing to an officer near him, and taking off his hat, he said: "These are North Car olina's pets." Quick as a flash a little rascal sang out: "She's got a dd bad way of showing it The attack was repulsed, and Butler was sent back beaten and disheartened to the shelter of his ships. But a change of Federal commanders iuuuicu, auu ucu. Aeiry wiia re-in iorcements of vessels a urea regiments ot bovs. with no r. pany officer or private above eighteen ye?w?f aSeand Jet those who were with them and of them, who saw thek cheerful endurance of every privation their behavior in camp, theffcaUantrv upon the battle field know that no braver soldiers wore the livery of gray It would not be appropiate, even if time permitted that I snould follow the fort- o j a uuo muiYiauai members of th Our aim is to have everv detail nf tho worK of House-furnishing thoroughly well done, to offer only the best and most reliable goods, and to sell them at lower prices than any house in the country. When desired, an experienced man will be sent to any address to submit estimates and to take orders, and we cheerfully f urni,h all information neces- ary io tnose who contemplate pur- and House-furnishing line. W. H. & R. s. TUCKER & CO., Raleigh, N. C. ninth Vai f Afillrl t "" luacuieuio ui ebsei3 auu SOiaierS. re- nintii Maj. M. Millard. In order to r- f nmd t th ottoi- i j.:' , t vuauvu av iuv vita ujiuu mo uoomea command after the r-1 m cnasing anything in thR Ur.,..v fo,.t . "w ali onH Vlnn e , .-y.-0 acvu u one aspect it would involve a mortifying confession, for truth compels mo to admit, even in this year of all years when no mercy is shown to the of fence, that not a few of them have de generated into what Pope calls: " VilQ oa ' aao aituiucjo, UOW a Useless rnrn The earnest and faithful Charles W Broadfoot of Fayetteville, the CnrX jurist who now so worthily adorns th Supreme Court Bennh iL ,t.ne r ttti... xl" , naiter Clark of WflVo- tha ir.J 6, t , iT . ' mcicaa ana success ful barrister, occupying a position fnfl- S UMNER & WATTS, tonsorial Artists, Hare opened a first-class Shaving and Hair Dre8ing Saloon at Fraps' old ataad, Fayette vdle street, Raleigh, X. o. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. mchG-tf