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The daily state chronicle. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 188?-1891, November 09, 1890, Image 3

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1 ! 1 '
ui' 1
1.1 '
:l IK
Willi rmnifwer-
(or Popu-
I the Support ol
t. irquest of the
r.uigenr.'nts Prof.
ut the University,
lacaiioiial Meetiug
, Week iu Com
a brief review of
mid of the en
of the Mate.
body will wonder why it was so lone
i j ...
iifgieeieu. n uo wouia nave believed
twenty years ago that the children of
the best people of Raleigh would be
enrolled to-day as pupils in the public
schools ? Who would have believed
ten years ago that the Goldsboro pub
lic schools would send to the Univer
sity of the State a pupil who for two
years"would maintain the first rank in
a large and talented class, and would
afterwards, at West Point, maintain the
same high rank, in competition with
youths from every State in the Union?
The success of the graded school has
already illustrated the possible devel
opment or the public school.
The Graded Schools.
f "
J -
, i a -:
North Carolina to
1). necessity of edu
, .pustion judgment
,... by tno civilized
, t decide whether
, n cognized instru
,r shall content our-
ut aud hopeless in
;. compete with stoam
Vi. i educited lab Dr.
is wo haul our crops
' , - it rivers of irou are
,V- the golden harvest
li lVi C
i r me
, l.o driven from tho
.-v.. T files we speedily
, ! .. cry means of cul
us to change our
,M-iomic methods, we
he multiplied forces
i r , , erty and a servi
:, Ued, we may never
lege cannot be opened to bot h the sexes,
I conceive it to be one of the highest du
ties of the State to establish a similar in
stitute for women. The changed condi
tions of life demand that our women
shall be fitted for more departments of
active work than heretofore; aud it is
wise statesmanship as well as true phi
lanthropy to assist by education any
movement demanded by the necessities
of life. J
'. i'1
i. i
j;.;r 'r : '
.:; Vx i
Sor'.'.i I''" '':
,tv. Every
1 1
trot, a 'vtii
Vitrcby, ri'i
1 1 1 n 1 1
A graded school i, in reality, nothing
but a common scdodI supplied with
money and competent teachers. But the
limit of usefulness has not yet ben
reached even in the graded schools. The
high school department, which in some
has achieved most remarkable results,
in others is weak and undeveloped, and
still elsewhere has been crushed out of
existence by public or private opposition
This department should be fostered and
developed in all. The course of study
should include not only Latin, as fur
nishing an indispensable basis for higher
literary culture, but also the simpler
sciences, in order to develop the study
of nature; and well equipped workshops
should nrnvidft nnnnrt.imih'oa fnr tUa In.
- i -j-- -,-.VV-r,vvv A. w A. IUV -V?
,:ivu ceased 10 suppiy yelopment of mechanical talent and for
r me:u aim uiuau, stimu atiner ambition in t.hn HireoHnn nf
industrial no less than literary and scien
tific achievement. As early as possible
our boys and girls should acquire man
ual dexterity and be taught to honor
manual labor.
When graded schools of this charac
ter flourish in all our larger towns, and
free schools are maintained for six
months in each year iu the rural districts
people will enter upou a grand career of
intellectual and industrial power. The
Southern intellect, which iu statesman
ship for nearly a ceutury controlled the
doctrines of our country, and the South
ern character, which neither victory nor
defeat, neither war nor peace has sub
dued nor tarnished, will again assert
their power and achieve ascendaucy in
science and literature, in trade, com
merce and manufactories. Let us not
be deceived by false prophets who cau
tion us agaiust Aankee methods of ed
ucation. The Yankee teaches Latin,
science, and free hand drawing aud tuau-
, : mt only hope; edu
.... m ichinery, work
. mines, utilize lum
, Med lands, and de
., s, to 'ho highest de
its that nature has
:i is our necessity.
...-jierity demands it
--.t; urgeucy Our so-
il institutions, now
;, tftva'est evils that
; l i.ur people, will
; ivpt by the full
I -v tdv exercise of all
, . il'.ujd physical en
. i aeration will have
,, ii. d battles to fight
:i . lr manhood to tho ut
! - -.ur duty to sec that
: )v ilied and multiplied
: : that education can
t is too poor not to ed-
eouroi'.'ration ou sen iu
is ,f patiiotism and phi
ii! . s that she provide for
sv'tem of education iu-
i . .i . i ; ,v , . f ..nlriir-ii itul thu Itrwt
ot tne age nas
. il,., t I, .f.-ii i n
l tun 111 r-1 "
he I'uttlic Schools.
Fx-tanl t ! i-n- in tins system is
j k - t iV.A
l. elJClr"'JU ol luf greiu iU(i? ui mo
hi',',euthej'ub'.''".'ehtols. Ihis work
it'rti: -:wi hiowly and with re-
r . t . rnu
!'tli'.ft M:h( .1 term i only three
ittt.rA Vv verage pay of the
"ktur.i ab jut
a month. Tho fig-
Jr..J not M'cure Lv..ru;vtent teachers nor
t.L' terms so hort t-nable pupils to ac
fiire mrt' tliin a nattering of the
trri-t t'u men's. maoh U-ss to form good
ual dexterity in the imblic schools, not
lrom sentiment nor fanaticism, but iu
order to maintain his literary and me
chanical power. Shall we wait for a
Connecticut school master to invent us
a cotton picking machine? Shall we
forever send to the educated labors of
New England the raw materials of
wealth that nature has placed in our
hands, aud allow others, by educated
skill, to enjoy the wealth that rightfully
is ours?
Public Education Essential to Litera
But our humiliation is not ended in
lack of material prosperity. Lack of
popular education means lack of litera
ture; lack of history, of poetry, of novels,
of all that preserves and transmits the
intellectual life of a people. A people
who do not read will not stimulate
authorship If by accident they pro
duce literary talent, it is crushed by lack
ofjippreciation, or forced to go else
where and sell itself to theory, too often
seeking profit and honor by dishonoring
Our Colleges.
The good work of our colleges is
already a patent factor iu promoting the
education of our people. The more
active of them are rapidly accumulating
large endowments; and the munificent
bounty of Maxwell Chambers, Washing
ton Duke, H. S. Bostwickand Julian S.
Carr, is proof that men of wealth will
give for education with open hand,
when they see definite objects to be
achieved aud certain good to be realized.
The time should not be far distant when
the doors of the sectarian colleges will
be open free to the youth of their res
pective denominations. May God speed
the day! We shall then see a better
educated clergy, a more general diffu
sion of cul'.nre and refinement, more
liberal views of life and intellectual
activity, producing higher ideals of bap
piness and greater material comfort.
The University.
The most important factor, after the
common schools, in the educational sys
tem or a people is their university, fey
here should be born the highest culture,
the freest thought and the noblest aspi
rations which the State is capable of
producing. It was at the Universitv of
Wittenburg that Martin Luther began
the Protestant Reformation; it was in
the University of Glasgow that Watt in
vented the steam engine; it was in the
University of the City of New York that
Morse created the electric telegraph; and
it was a uuiversity professor who formu
lated the principles of trade which have
already revolutionized industry and
commerce scarcely less than the steam
engine; and which will yet enable all the
nations of the earth, by unrestricted
commerce, to achieve the brotherhood
of man and realize the sublime teaching
of Jesus.
A real University is an inspiration of
all that is best and noblest in man. It
guides the enthusiam of youth into
paths of noble ambition It fills the
young heart with the jov of moral and
intellectual activity, and drives out the
orutanty or rowdyism ana the rotten
ness of vice with the inspiration after
manly endeavor. Its faith is unbound
ed in the possibilities of youth; for it
knows that the genius and enthusiasm
of youth are more potential than the
wisdom and caution of age. As each
generation of students comes to its
halls, it recognizes in the longings of
their youthful souls and tho energies of
their buoyant bodies and the infinite
activities of their restless minds, new
and untried powers which in the provi
dence of God may yet be enabled by
statesmanship, by oratory, by literature,
by scientific invention, by philanthropy,
or by other exercise of moral, physical
and intellectual power, to lift humanity
upon a higher plain and to leave the
world batter than they found it.
It is not enough that the internal life
of a university be pure aud inspiring. It
should guide the moral aud intellectual
life of the State, recognizing and
fulfilling its lofty mission as the highest
teacher of its people. Its active sympa
complex and more expensive. Far more
is to b3 done than has yet been accom
plished. The University is alive to the
responsibilities of the hour, and her
alumni are answering her call for help.
Twenty-five thousand dollars were raised
at the last Commencement to establish
a Chair of History and doubtless ten
thousand dollars additional will be pro
vided before the end of the year. The
needs of the University are many and
great. She has only begun her growth.
Her buildings need to be provided with
the comforts of heat, light and water
demanded by modern life.
They greatly need a building for the
Young Men's Christian Association;
where the moral and religious enthu
siasm of the students may be strengthen
ed by constant association in noble aspi
rations and useful endeavor and by the
confidence that comes from permanent
and honorable establishment. Such a
building would multiply the moral forces
of the university and mark an era in stu
dent life. A well endowed professor
ship of Christian philosophy and cul
ture, filled by a man who would lead and
direct the religious thought of the uni
versity into ever nobler fields of activity,
would produce results so certainly be
neficent and inspiring that the Christian
people of the State ought to consider no
duty more urgent or more honorable
than the establishment of this chair.
Haifa dozen professorships are need
ed to create new departments and
strengthen those already existing. Per
manent endowments are badly needed
for the library and the gymnasium
Au astronomical observatory would
be a crowning glory to the scientmc
equipment of the University and a grand
memorial ot private munificence and
That the greatest need of the univer
sitv is a special endowment for the aid
of poor students -$50,000 would estab
lish fifty scholarships and maintain at
the University fifty students annually,
who are now compelled by poverty to
abandon their education. So0,000 more
t: haliita ami receive
Jr'iin the sensatiuri of
" J Will.
I But i lie wor-i' i yet to bo told. There
:v iu bs, ::, .school districts with
tut H'iv hou'ei, more than one dis
trict intvtry live; and in thirty ninedis
tr.cts no h'vhU were taught, of the en
jire school population not three children
lr. tUv ; ut foot inside- :i school house du-
r.iii; t!
if c
I? IV I I !! ,i littlf niA.n tl.nn
j n, nii'i u, lung LLX'IKJ luau
m three s?:ied the full session. It
:in ri;!:'' in view of these facts
Hit ear t :itj .-hows n larger percentage
Of I'fp'i'.iiti.m unable to read and write
any otht r in the Union, save one.
iEen!iiin Th;s, not, to disparage tho
t .ttuer of our people, for many things
t :.tr:h'i; t f,,r;a character even more
Te f,
the laud of its birth. Long and bitterly thy and wise counsels and helpful power
snouiu oe constantly exerueu in Denan
of educational progress; aud its guiding
hand or inspiring example should influ
ence every institution of learning iu the
State, especially should it labor for pub
lic education, recognizing it not only as
essential to full development of the uui-
h.o octoKUai.r,ont f rrri vei'sity itself, but also as an indispensa-
schools, our best private school! have ?le ff t0.r m PPU lf Z 'lvf
made decided improvement in the qual- be a Ifr and not a follower. When
ity of their instruction. At no time in ever its ideals are not loftier and purer
the history of the State has private edu- and Kinder than those of men in com-
i T r.,i ki mon life, it indicates its noble sover-
v u A n.,. Kof eignty and becomes a menial
rtUU ftJ
have we paid the penalty of our illit
eracy. The story of our State has been
told by aliens and enemies with such
cunning aud persistent calumny that
even the virtues of our ancestors have
been received by the world as vices.
The Private Schools.
.y Mun publics or scholastic dia
ihe sikduii: influences of home
'fr.ir.' I'efr, lints nf wrvintv thn
'! aa luworiHof business, and tho en
1 'I'.n? fni'!,i:nv of religion, all combine
honorable as now. Our best
schools may not fear comparison with
those of other btutes; and one is bring
ing into North Carolina over 100 pupils
annually from abroad. There will al
ways be people who are able and willing
to buy a better culture than the public
schools can furnish; and, as the private
The over-stimulus of intellectual
culture is too apt to produce corres
ponding neglect of moral and physical
training. This is the evil of modern
education. It is said that 100,000 stu
dents are now at the Universities of
the world, of whom one third will die
of ill-health from overstudy, one third
The Cireat Throng Captured by the
Burning Eloquence of the Young
(Greenville Reflector )
Une of the grandest and most entiiu
sdastic days at the Weldon Fair was on
last Thursday. It was extensivelv ad-
veruseu mat tne liev. rom uixou, a
native of Cleveland county, North Car
olina, but no of New York City, would
address the crod ou the "Moral Im-
pon ot me rarmers Alliance. At an
early hour the sons of the soil from va
rious parts of the State began to come.
1) c 1 1
irroiesMonai men, easiness men, wo
men, children and blacks, were there in
waiting expectancy to hear the gifted
son of the Old North State.
At 12 o clock the carriage bearing
the distinguished speaker arrived at the
stand, preceded by several marshals
mounted on fine, dashy steeds.
The speaker was handsomely introdu
ced by Robert Ransom, who paid a de
served compliment to Carolina's honor
ed son.
Mr. Dixon is tail, with large, piercing
eyes, long nose, broad lorehead and
commanding appearance. We judge
that he is about 30 years old and weighs
14o pounds.
As a speaker he is rapid, pointed, em
phatic and convincing. He has the most
choice and telling illustrations that are
woven into i-verv fact lie wishes to es
tablish ltisMuaplv impossible to cive
his speech. Lveu a synopsis would
hardly do the speaker justice. We will,
however, give our readers a few of the
would establish ten fellowships and sup- good things he said.
port at the university annually ten grad- Mr. Dixon said: North Carolina is one
uate students who have become inspired of the greatest States of the Uuiou. The
with a love ot learning and research, and sons of the soil aie the b-st people the
wno aesire special training oeyonu tne sun ever nnone upon, aiy lamer is a
regular course. Specially trained schol- farmer. He preaches becmse he is call-
ars, tniuters ana workers is tne great ea ana tarms tor a living, lais is tne
need of the South to-day, men who will way he used to do lie don't live by
lead intelligently and bravely in educa- farming now lie has to sell a part of
tion, in science, in literature, in mecnan- nis lana every year ana oy this means
ical invention and in all sorts of social
and moral and political reform.
Aud finally the University must be
endowed. A permanent endowment
fund of a quarter of a million dollar
will be necessary to establish it upon the
smallest basis of security. A beginning
must be made. It is a matter that con
cerns the entire State. Men of wealth
should remember its necessities. Our
own bounty will attract the bounty even
of strangers. Let this endowment be
raised, and let tuition be practically
tree to every boy iu North Carolina
Our Educational System in Uriel .
Such should be the educational system
of the State. Free schools within reach
of every child, taught by competent
teachers say six months a year; graded
schools in the larger towns, with high
school departments and with workshops
for manupi training; private schools and
academies furnishing batter culture than
the State can provide in the public
schools; an Agricultural and Mechanical
College for young men; a similar institu
tion for yourg women, unless the Agri
cultural and Mechanical College be open
ed to both sexes: a Normal Training
School for the special training
of teachers; sectarian colleges for
bovs and nirls, stimulating church
zeal and directing it in educational chan
nels; and finally as the head of the sys
tem a University, where truth and hu
manity are enthroned above sect and
party, where ever noble ideas of conduct
aud character are moulding each gene
ration into more perfect types of human
ity; and where the broadest culture, the
freest science, the purest religion and
the profoundest philosophy may com
mingle and blend happily together in
harmonious perfection.
when every railroad and telegraph line
wiil be under the government A man
who don't carry his relieion into nnliH
Lw t t -w uwmwv
as none.
The above thouffhts ware exnrfisxfvl in
beautiful language and intersDersed with
apt illustrations. The crowd was esti
mated at 5,000 ADd listened with the
most patient attention to the continued
tlow of sparkling metaphors from this
gifted sou of the "Old North State.
He Is Given a Cordial ('reeting In
New Home and Makes a Fine
The Chronicle rejoices in the grow-
mg innuence and fame of the two
Dixons the two most brilliant rreaeh-
ers jsortn Carolina has produced, cor-
tainly in this decade. Tom is making a
great came in New lork. A few years
ago his older brother, Rev. A.C Dixon,
went from Asheville to Baltimore where
he built up a great church from a mis
sion and where he has done a erand
work. Within the last two weeks, he
has accepted a call to Hanson Place
Baptist church the leading Baptist
church in the citv. On last Sunday he
began his pastorate.
How He Was Received.
The Brooklyn Daily Eagle published
his sermon and said:
The Rev. Dr. A. C Dixon , late of
Baltimore, began his pastorate of the
llausoa place Baptist church yesterday.
The circumstances attending the event
were highly auspicious. Congregations
comfortably filling the spacious edifice
were in attendance both morning and
evening and artistic tloral decorations.
comprising iu their composition potted
palms, terns and similar greens, effec-
potted chrysanthemums of many varie
ties in full bloom, lent beauty to the pul
pit platform and cheerful aid to the
happy occasion. Dr. Dixon was heard
in the same pulpit lafe last summer be
fore be was called, aud the highly fa
vorable impression he then created was
more than sustainend by his services
yesterday. He preached without man
uscript or notes, was fluent, forcible,
impressive, and always eloquent and re
tained ttje attention and interest of his
audiences throughout his discourse.
Well appearing on the platform, grace
ful in gesture, of clear and distinct ut
terance and clear cut thoughts, knowing
what he had to nay acd sayiug it with
all the force of abundant native and ac
quired eloquence, he seemed to lack
uonw of the qualities that go to make up
a successful preacher. His delivery was
not more remarkable than the nature of
his utterances. Both were up to a high
standard. Tne one attracted the atten
tion and the other held the interest
of those who sat under him. He
must therefore have proved ex
ceedingly acceptable to his people, the
majority of whom heard him for the
first time yesterday, while few heard
him more critically than then ; and
that he did was apparent from many
enthusiastic comments overheard and
imparted as the congregations were
he manages to stay. The farmer
about $180 per year and the laborer gets
about f 300. The average value of land
in North Carolina is $6 per acre. The
depressed state of affairs produced the
farmers Alliance. The whoie country
is suffering. New England and the great
West join bauds and hearts with the
South in bidding the Alliance a triumph
ant success. I wish to speak to you to
day on its moral import. The" speaker
ably and feelingly discussed the follow
ing propositions:
1. One cause of the hard times is false
political economy. The farmer has to
sell in the lowest market and buy iu the
highest. His crop made iu ten months
must be sold in two and often in loss
than thirty days. The Alliance aims to
correct this false economy.
2. Class legislation has seriously oper
ated against the sons of the soil. See the
fulmars Isavinff tho rural districts and
locating in the towns and cities. They dispersing after the services Dr. Dix
anysyst'emof public education. They I 'J?!
are indispensable to tho highest culture,
tnracter of
"till strong
and the experience ot ol her fetates is
that they flourish best where the public
schools are most efficient.
A Normal Training School.
The estimation in which teaching and
Cu,v to t!
M.-vl to :h
a people.
in Mnrtli
irUlU', Tit; ili'STilto the iilifornv rf
in-e-'p:', luve iu.pt them pure in so-
' in uilvcritv. and lnv.al. rct mthnr Vm1a.'lr nf AHmafimv is mnifns-
instincts of humanity, ted from the fact that the State contains
Ll.vliir;!l' trntlio nf rnlinf. I .... inl cnlinnl fni taarthnrj
p, 1 " i.viuii Ul i. lift IJUL JilUlilO U.klUlUK onuuui IUVUV;1U.
t.,1,'-,. , 11 "lumuuHira v uac MJur uelgUOOr iwKl uauguier, leimooaocuaa
' 1 I'TLIUV. 111111 I 1 IllVa'JI 111! I W, SI. . I t r . I Ul Oil 111 ll'
yii.if vuv m . v.v - " - m
u dilli-ently cultived schools; our neighbor, Virginia has $180,-
ivc urn. rations, and yet 000 similarly invested, not including the
'ii'.happinsH and misery Hampton Institute. The progressive
-t'd therein, that .rpil c,nt f Wi.mtin hna Apa Knrmn.1
' - ' I k I .111 I. W 1 1 DV V I - " mot . . .
Schjols with property valued at $350,
000 -'.nd a permanent endowment fund
of $1,300,000, while Pennsylvania, the
banner State, has thirteen teachers'
which the poorest
valued at
-ii i'l.i....
!'f is irnr.i
- l rt'lKKj ;
j'b'a, the
:.t, but
j nct . pr-.t.
ly Ki.fK.ru hi
.M.at v
1'oiincal life disbones";
a mockery. Hut tnese
' tome from education.
" K tne in no wise lespon
icsuits have been roache t
other guardians of civili
an.', the church, the court
wiety h -ve been false to
Ivluc'iMon is not omnipo
' '1 ail the foreea that com
11 Iho culture demanded
training schools, of
own buildings aud grounds
$100,000, and the richest at $300,000.
As long as w practically declare that no
soecial training is needed for teaching,
do we n t thereby declare that any kind
hot people
: is
e;i:silv unnliarl on,l
' lucient is education.
?lktrr Art
!;. 11 Ullllwn or Turkey, from
Vl,.:.'' '.H:'u America or Africa?
the world. The power that is wasted
is too great for that which is utilized ;
and the results achieved are corres
pondingly deficient in symetrical ad
justment. Character is greater than
intellect, and health is the basis of
both. Every University should not
only maintain well equipped depart
ments of physical culture, but should
correct vicious habits of life, and in
culcate perfect physical health as a
noble ideal for youthful aspiration.
The development of moral and also
of humane instincts should be includ
ed in University culture; and a por
tion of the life of every University
student should be devoted to the active
exercise of some sort of charity and
to the practical consideration of the
problems of poverty, intemperance,
illiteracy, and of other factors in vice,
crime and social disorder.
The Duty of the State to the University.
Such are the duties of the university
to the State. How great therefore is the
duty of the state to foster and develop
its university ! The public sentiment
ahould guard it as a fountain of learning
and virtue; the schools and colleges
should revere it a-j the source of the
1 u.r if v
l0,J! to (;.:,, ..
!' Kiv;it 1,.,
. ,1s K.
nf ffiachincr ill do for us ?
nd to tit a people best who liko that sort of teaching, very like
H' POWers. tho vprrlint. nf i.. u jM.f taanhincr that, mill hp
t 1 1 '.I t i 1 1 nn l ni I I 1 f . 1. i f Tf la
i r ' i i ; n . i -.n t-uva n ti . . r r cnipn if
II . L : 1 .1 . tteifa n1 lonrrrnor I U1K uuo iiiviMtKi
1U1C lO OUUU suuuoi iiuusoa rtiiv lt6v,u "u.u oYil.l hi it.
a-coworker in the task of purifying and
regenerating life; and philanthropists
should recognize it as affording the best
(New York Herald.)
These Political Campaigns all over
the country are very jolly affairs. They
are almost as blissful as a modern game
of baseball m which one man gets his
eye put out, another retires with a brok
en thumb and a third is all broken up
and has to be carried to the nearest
smithy to have his ribs hammered into
We get a good deal of healthy exercise
iu such times as these. There are hot
words and curses four feet long before
election, but wnen tne cattle is over we
wipe out the conrt plaster and shake
hands all round. The people who live
under the effete and tottering monar
chies of Europe don't know what happi
ness means until they come to this eoun
try and watch one of our local scrimma
ges. We are the best natured people
on the footstool, and if we have a pecu
liar way of enjoying ourselves, whose
business is it? The great American
Eagle echoes, Whoe ?
; of mechanical power?
'M'iration to free.lom ?
u f life? For these
or Britain or the United
'a-els of free schools and
" urn. Prince Bismarck
id I;,::;,', i' Egypt or Spainhe
I .,. i '"''-"ic or a dreamer.
UUt r " '": Ilirit of the age declares
n i ." lu taiflV Started in ifn nn
;U,(:,' ;,lucate(l; and governments
mi re!':rM A a:
a"ty, but as a source of
school terms, if the living utilizing pow
er is absent.
A Manual Traiuing School and Busi
uess College lor women. , cnrAsf instrnmpntalitips for amelior
V tu kl...V.mnn(- nf tha A orri nnltn ral 1 otinor tVa frndif-inn rf hnmanitv. rlfich
a uv. !Ti4al (irtllPorA snnnlied a need- snffpist,ivo legislature should reioice to
CL1L4 lUtVlllUIVK. . q w 1' i - - --t-? - "
fullinkin our chain of education; ana examine its wort ana perrect its eqaip
the intelligent management of that in- ment. Neither the penitentiary, nor
stitution strictly along the Unas of in- the insane asylums, nor the various
dustrial education will graauany pro- asylums tor tne aeat, aumo aau uuuu,
.innhAnpfip.fint results. effecting a change ho, not all combined are entitled to the
not only in the spirit of our people but same considerate care and fostering love
also in our industrial life. There is in from North Carolina as her University.
my opinion equally as great a necessity
for a manual training scnooi auu uus.
ness college for women, where girls may
be trained in such industrial arts as
"vi. - ri t., .
Ha UJ:"'Mte and a rieht inharfint they are capable of learning, id cutting,
Niu , :p !lloug wit& life, liberty fitting and making clothing, in type
bj Mirsuit of happiness. Educa- writing, telegraphy, stenography, pho
ttnv . ue pfoc.'ss tW V.r., tofrranhv book-keeninsr. proof-readmg
i -'Vi ir. ... . i
scientific methods of
' " t-' V f 'I KJ3 C UiUU I ' ' 11
r.fv m t tl,of i ' : ami npwa-naner work orenerailV, as wen
i IV'-... l ii is cauaum t r ; o .
r! fi 'JU' V l.liaf Ctntnia AS in LI1U IllUUtJr &IJ1CUL1LIU liVJi
v - nil . . ... -.iw otato ia nLiuut i . . i
I V,, u iu which the moat, nnasi- preparing foods and caring tor tne sick.
k all its citizens. We have already, or soon shall nave,
taxation ample facilities tor tne nigner uu j
I on. al nnUnra nf nnr cir!S Wnat
necessary uu . ' .
schools ftffle.iant we greatly neea is an msuiuuuu
lr: to sefM.PA n c5 white cirls conducted similarly to tne
t scbi.,,1 i . , ,. i iinmnfnn "Wnrmal n.r( Training Institute
- iiMiiNRs in on on ma. i uoiuijiuu . a .
. i. x fni. nAtrrftRs and Indians. Tf the aoors
hU -ce USSf-1 of ourTgricultural and Mechanical Ool-
our ,. money
y I-Pu r 'UbllC 8cho1
J ' lr- .tu -'ire a si
1 IUKI .... .
Benefactors of the University.
But even the State cannot supply a
perfect equipment for the university.
Private philanthropy must flow in per
ennial streams to enrich this sacred soil.
Much has already been done. With rev
erence do I call the names of those who
have placed upon this holy altar bounti
ful gifts for the blessing of their people,
the names of Gerrard, Smith and Per
son, formerly, and among recent bene
factors of Mary Ruffin Smith, Wm. H.
Vanderbilt, Julian S. Carr, James Grant,
Paul C. Cameron and Bartholomew F.
The Needs ot the University.
But the culture demanded by the age
becomes ever broader, deeper, more
The Chronicle desires to state that
the doors are still open and Republicans
invited to join the victorious and all
conquering Democracy. Many joined
during the campaign. There is room
for thousands more, and a warm wel
come for all.
The election on Tuesday clearly show
ed that the farmers all over the country
are rfttnminor t.n the Democrats. Most
of them were Democrats before the war.
They are showing by their acts that tney
are looking for a market for "another
bushel of wheat and another pound of
(Oxford Day.)
The Oxford Orphan Asylum ia in press
ing need of help. Collections were taken
up in the city the last day or two to buy
blankets to protect the little ones from
the cold. We understand that the Asy
lum is several thousand dollars in debt.
feel that they can live cheaper and en
joy benefits in cities denied them in
towns. There is one family in New York
city worth more than the whole State of
North Carolina. It is wrong for one
class of people to be so highly favored to
the injury of another. George Wash
ington was from the farm; the men who
fought and died for our independence
were from the farm; the men who left
their homes and went into the last war
were from the farm. These are the men
struggling nnder the bottom. There are
eighteen million of tillers of the soil;
eight million farmers. One half of the
manufacturers in the United States to
day were born on foreign soil. One
eigth of the tillers of the soil were born
on foreign sou. Don t these men need
something? Shall they degenerate or
shall they become the power of the
Talk about these men going into poli
tics. There is more fuss made about
this than any thing else. The Farmers'
Allianoe will stand ten million wars m
The moral import of the Alliance is to
educate the people. There are two divis
ions of!people;the classes and the masses.
The ignorant must be elevated. Those
who have been m darkness so long must
come out. The Alliance is the masses
leading the world to a higher and better
plain. Send a boy to college and he
learns to despise the farm. This is not
education. There are now eight milions
bdiug educated to become presidents.
These will be educated fools. What is
wanted is the education of the masses
Many are educated and have not sense
enough to make their salt. Labor must
be elevated. The farmer and mechan
ic's calling is just as divine as mine. The
Farmer feeds the hungry and clothe the
naked. In their grand work women are
permitted to assist. I thank God that
woman in the Farmers' Alliance is re
cognized as a human being!
4 The Alliance is a co-operative insti
tution in contradistinction to competi
tion. This banding for good ana no
ble purposes commends itself to all t hink
ing people. The South was killed for
the want of co-operation, wnen tne
first gun was fired at Fort Sumpter the
tie was taken. There is power in that,
a pile of sticks, rain drops. These with
out association are powerless.
5. The Alliance teaches to bear one
another burdens. This is good religion.
G It is a great brotherhood . The Al
liance don't know that there is a Mason
aud Dixon's line. The great trouble be
tween the North and the South is they
don't know each other. I never saw a
Republican until I was 15 years old. I
wondered what kind of an animal he was.
I heard Dr. Armetage say that his work
was doae aud when death came he coald
thank God that he had always voted the
Reoublican ticket. My father said that
he had always voted the Democratic
ticket! Those are good men but don't
understand each other.
7. The Alliance is a benevolent institu
tion. Thus benevolence is founded up
on Jesus Christ. We all want money
DUt a warm grasp of the hand is bet
ter. When Napoleon was banished to
St. Helena his friends followed him and
refused to leave him, one of his soldiers
remained nineteen years guarding his
grave, and was taken away by force.
This is worth more than money. Such
benevolence is worthy the admira
tion of the whole world.
8. It means progress in politics. The
sub-treasury bill tickles me in my boots.
It will smash all the traditions of the
country. I expect so live to see the day
on is only 36 years old and has already
had a distinguished career,iu which the
call to the Hanson place Baptist church
was the second that lie received from
this city, the Marcy avenue church
having once made an effort to secure
him as pastor. He has also declined a
call to Tremcnt temple,Boston, because
he preferred to remain with Immaii
uel church, Baltimore, the pastorate
of which he filled with distinguished
success from 1881 to a week ago yes
terday, until it should be firmly estab
lished. The Brooklyn Evening Times says:
Beautiful palms and potted plants
graced the platform of the Hanson
Place Baptist Church yesterday in honor
of the beginning of the pastorate of the
Rev. A. C. Dixon, D. D. The church
was crowded in every part at both ser
vices, and it was necessary to place
camp stools in the aisles. Dr. Dixon
preached two remarkably strong ser
mons. The morning discourse was from
the First Epistle to the Hebrews, expos
itory of the first five verses. The theme
of the sermon was "Power." Dr. Dixon
showed what was expected of a church,
how it could be made a power for God
and good. His words made a deep im
pression. In the evening the edifice was again
crowded and the sermon was a grand
one. The text was chosen from Mat
thew xvii. : 5, part of the verse: "This
is my beloved Son, in whom I am well
pleased; hear ye him." The discourse
was a grand exposition of the character
of Jesus Christ, His purity, His sympa
thy, His work for humanity, His suffer
ing and death that mankind might live.
Like the morning sermon, it was deeply
At the close of the evening sermon
a short after service was held,
conducted after somewhat different
methods than those usually employed.
The invitation was extended for those
who wished to begin a Christian life to
walk up to the front of the pulpit and
shake hands with Dr. Dixon aod he
would pray with and for them. A num
ber of young men and young ladies and
an old gentleman complied with the re
quest. Dr. Dixon is a man of great pulpit
power and his personal magnetism is
wonderful. He speaks entirely without
notes; is rapid in his delivery and force
ful in his utterances. He ia a strong
acquisition to the pulpit force of the
Goldsboro Headlight.)
One of the most economical bachelors
we ever heard of, is living near Dudley.
He has conceived a plan to save the ex
pense of hiring a cook and the extrava
gance of a wife. He shells his corn, aud
before carrying it to the mill he spreads
it on the floor before the fireplace in his
house. Then he builds a large fire and
parches the corn. The corn is then
ground into meal, and when he starts
to work in the morning he makes up a
mush of meal and places it in the sun to
dry. As the meal is already cooked, it
will be ready for his dinner when he
comes in'from work.
When 1802 comes 'round
We'll pay our little debt.
J. Noble surely will he found
With Porter six feet under ground
We'll all be counted yet.
New ork Sun.

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