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DAILY STATE CHRONICLE. JULY 7, 1S91.
ru 9 a e - ft THE NORTH CINUU A Dav Snent in This j - x Central State Charity. 1 ' J THE INSTITUTION AND ITS ' OFFICERS. The Patients are Given Worh and Exercise A Well Managed Institution. Editorial Correspondence. I went out to the Insane Asylum yesterday morning and spent two or three hours in the wards and around the premises. It was a pleasant sight. As I drove up the shaded avenue?, the chief thing that attract d my attention was the improve ments being made in the grounds and the general air of beauty and cleanliness. It was noticeable that this magnificent park was in splen did condition. In every available spot, therc'jWas growing corn, grass es, peas and other crops and the utilitarian was not sacrificed to use less beauty. The whole picture was charming, and to add to the utility of so delightful a park, we met as we drove in quite a company of the patients out for a morning walk in the shaded avenues and picturesque dells that make the place so perfect ly adapted to the purposes of a re fuse and home for the insane of the State. As I saw these unfortunate men, not wild, but suffering from a men tal disease that puts them into a world of their own, I reflected that it was comparatively a new thing to treat inmates ofasvlums as noth iug more than sick. Phvsicians and others in the past were accus tomed to regard them with awe and terror, and to employ harsh meth ods and restraints in dealing with them. Happily under the manage ment of Dn. Wm. R. Wood the in sane are given every liberty and privilege of outside air consistent with their welfare. The old theory of many great specialists that the best way to cure the insane was to restrain them has passed away. I nm not offering criticism upon it. That is not my purpose. It was no loubt believed by those who prac tised it as the only safe mode; and it is only in recent years that the medical profession, has replaced force and restraint with work and freedom. It will not be altogether out of place, nor uninteresting reading to state just here, that there has been no vestige of mechanical restraints or appli ances of any kind used upon a single patient admitted into this institu tion under it3 present administra tion. Not only were many of the pa tients out enjoying the refreshing .morning air and being strengthened by it, but some of those whose strength an I intellect permitted were at work in the garden and upon 4-he farm. Mr. J. A. Tucker, the efficient head attendant of the male patients, at my request furnished me with the following record show ing how well the system of work And recreation operated to-day : Total number of male patients, 134 Out for walk to-day, 91 Out for work to-day, 24 Leaving in the wards only 19 In the female department, Miss Rosa Siielton, the competent head attendant, gave me these figures: Total number of female patients, 130 Out for walk to-day, 80 ' Of the whole, those who worked were, ' 84 Remaining in wards and not working, 4G ASYLUM QBFIC err Dr. W. It. WOOD, Superintendent' 1 tr$&W0 DR. F. T. FUT.LKR, First Assistant I'hysician. ; In addition to these facts, I may state that twenty five or thirty pa tients have been sent home on pro bation, and thoso who have improv ed by the treatment are permitted to remain at home. The others are sent back without formality. EMPLOYMENT. Both the male and female pa tients have been kept as constantly employed as their condition and the nature of circumstances and facili ties would admit;the male patients at work on the garden, farm and lawns whenever practicable, and the female patients at the usual in door occupations most acceptable to them knitting, quilting and fancy work, besides assisting in the laun dry, in the preparation ofvegeta bles, and other light work suggested by the Matron. This, combined with AMUSEMENTS, walking, music, and dancing, enter tainments, croquet, lawn tennis, etc., with kind and gentle management, has proved a more effective el -ment in the recuperative treatment of the patients than the most potent drugs of the pharmacopaeia. Indeed, their peculiar fondness for music and dancing is so striking and interest ing that it demands special observa tion and attention. Not infrequent ly young people from Raleigh and other visitors enjoy the dancing very much and thus contribute to the pleasure of the inmates. The ten nis court and croquet grounds are attractive resorts, and the theatre upon which plays are occasionally given, greatly please and help the patients. , . Ihese figures speak volumes for the wise management of;the institu tion. They show that in good weather most of the patients are either employed at useful labor, which is the best treatment for dis eases of the mind as well as all other ailments, or are given needed recre ation in the beautiful park and well laid out and lovely and well-kept gardens which adjoin the institu tion. I would emphasize this point, for I regard it as the vital one in treating of the success Of the pres ent management of this institution. It is always to me a sad pleasure and duty to go through the wards of this institution- sad, bfecause T see so many bright minds clouded with loss of reason; pleasant, because I rejoice that the State takes good care of its unfortunates; a duty, be cause every patriotic citizen ought Uo visit the charitable institutions :. y.--.-r!r r - .- - I ERS OF TB E INSTITUTION. of the State and be interested m their proper maintenance and man agement. There are men and wo men here of ability and character; sons and daughters of distinguished and honorable men; children of plenty and luxury as well as those from the humbler walk.; of life. Plaeti and all have claims upon the sympathy of every citizen, for there is no knowing who will be exempt from the sad misfortune. Few are the men and women who have not felt the misfortunate of insanity either in their own families or among their best friends. It is a mel ancholy sight to see the inmates here who vainly long for home and familv. No man whose heart is not made of stone can witness the pleadings for home and children of these bereft of reason without being touched. It also has the effect of interesting him to see that this in stitution, and all other charitabl1 institutions, are placed upon a basis broad enough to care for all who need treatment. The wards are the perfection of neatness and cleanliness. The au thorities wage a perpetual warfare with soap and water against dirt and bad odors. Their campaign is successful. The floors shine like mirrors they are so well polished and so clean. The windows, the beds, the bath-rooms, the dining rooms and everything betokens watchful care, and order and clean liness. The perfect order has its effect upon the more intelligent pa tients who are helped by it, and who catch something of the conta- gion and become, orderly and neat. I could not but observe the want of accommodations. I noticed two beds in some rooms which were only ten by twelve feet. Only one pa tient ought to occupy a room, and Dr. Wood and the Directors regret that they are forced to do otherwise. The building was erected to accom modate 204 patrons. There are now 264 patients here and about 26 out on probation. This gives 289 patients to -be accommodated in apartments intended only for 204. The care exercised has prevented any trouble, but the most superficial observer could not fail to see that there is need for enlarged accom modations. Dr. Wood's idea (and it is the correct one) is that addi tions ought to be made to the build ings in the shape of cottages, and not imposing exhibits of architec ture. In his report to the General Assembly he called attention to ' : & : Dr. W. II. COBB, Jr. , Second Assist ant Physician M. R. W. ; . CR po 1, Jr. , Mewaid. the need of increased accom modations, and save it as his mature opinion that any increase ought to be provided in the way of cottages on the town or village plan, with all its connecting cottages, built along streets and avenues, beautified and adorned by shade trees and shrubbery, radiating from r. common or central square, upon which groups of buildings should be erected, consisting of administra tive and operative departments, and all other buildings necessary for the plant of a great and grow ing institution ; none of which cot tages should be over one and two stories high, as a more perfect safe guard against loss of life by fire. From this central group of admin istrative buildings as a nucleus, as many of these connecting cottages could be constructed from time to' time along the different streets lead ing thereirom as the exigencies of the increasing numbers of the in sane demanded, with scarcely per ceivable expense to the State. There is one other great need I noticed. There is absolutely no safe way by which the patients can be gotten from the building in case of a fire. An appropriation was asked from the last Legislature to make some improvements and build fire-proof stair-ways. $15,000 was appropriated. The smallest bid yet received to erect one fire-proof stair way and addition was $14,090.Other bids are to be handed to the Board at its next meeting. Repairs are now being made on the building. The roof was in bad condition and it is essential to put that in good condi tion to save the property. When this is done, it is feared that there will not be enough money left from the appropriation to build an annex and fire proof fire escape even to the" female wing. THE FARM AND GARDEN. The farm and garden present the appearance of a model truck farm in the suburb of a great city. I have seen nothing like it. I took a Walk over the place with Mr. W. R. Crawford, Jr., the capable and most efficient Steward, and was much taken with the appearance of things, particularly the growing vegetables. Since October; 1889, there has been grown here enough vegetables to supply the tables of the institution and it takes a bi quantity to feed over 300 people. Mr. Crawford's report for last year showed that the expenditures on the farm was $4,231.64. The actual value in dollars and cents of the crops made was $7,897.96, showing a balance in favor of the farm of $3,666.32. Parts of the work has been done by the patients some of whom take great pleasure in farming and gardening. The dairy, as well as farm and garden, sives satisfaction, and is remunera- tive. The average per day is thirty- five gallons of milk with prospect of increase in quantity and quality from improved stock in the future. I also went into the Engineer's Department, presided . over by the prince ; of good men, Mr. J as. S. West.; The engines and boilers have recently been overhauled and are now in excellent condition. Mr. West has been connected with the institution for many years, . and is onv. of ' the most useful officers, as well as one of the best Democrats and upright gentlemen. I regret that I cannot give the readers of the Chronicle his picture to-day. I have spoken of the air of neat ness that pervades 'everything here. The Matron, Mrs. Olivia B. Saun ders, takes a personal pride in the neatness and beauty of the place in all its appointments, and the subordi nated second every effort to make this a model institution. DR. WM. R. WOOD, Superintendent. No man ever came into a public position under circumstances more peculiar and delicate, as well as dif ficult, than Dr. Wood when he en tered upon the duties of Superin tendent of the North Carolina In sane Asylum. There is not need to dwell upon the peculiar circum stances which attended his induc tion into office. The public is fa miliar with them. I mention this mere?.v to show that Dr. Wood, coming to the work under peculiar ly trying circumstances, needed ability of a high order and wise discretion to win success. To say that he has met public expectation and has done nothing to subject himself to just criticism is to mere ly state the plain truth. It carries witli tho frmi vnlpnt nf .cvinr that he possess executive ability and 1 c skill as a physician of high order. His predecessor was an aide and widely known specialist, and it is the best evidence of Dr. Wood's fit ness that under his management the affairs of the Asylum have been con ducted with such wisdom as to win commendation from all sources. Dr. Wood was born near Plv mouth, Washington county, N. C, November 23d, 1834, and is a son of Richard and Emilv Bozeman Wood, whose progenitors, early in the settlement of the colonies, im migrated from England to the West Indies, and from thence to Eastern N. C. His grandfather, Jas. Wood, was a native of Hertford, Perquim ans county, but removed in early life to Tyrrell county, N. C, where he married into the Ward family, an old colonial family of extensive relationship in the counties of Wash ington and Tyrrell, with the Hardi- sons, Bozemans and Garretts. His father was united in marriage to o Emily Bozeman, near Plymouth, January 26th, 1832, and was an active and prosperous merchant of Plymouth for several years, but afterwards became a farmer and removed to the then Western States of Tennessee and Arkansas. But not meeting with that meed of suc cess which had : crowned his efforts in North Carolina, he soon returned to the Old North State , and located in HalT ifax county, where he remained un til his death, which occureJin 1866. His mother was the 'youngest daughter of Captain ' Levin Boze man, a wealthy planter- and ship owner, residing near Plymouth, and was a soldier in the Revolutionary war; was originally frpm, Mary land, but settled and married in Plymouth in its earliest history ,and acquired great wealth by commer cial transactions in the West In dian trade. He was himself not only a soldier in the Revolutionary war, but a wise and prudent mem ber of the North Carolina Legisla ture in the early part of this centu ry about the years .1805 and 1807. His son, William A. Bose- man, was also a distinguish ed and brilliant legislator in the General Assembly of the times. j V4 i i He died in lW-g 1822 at the advanced ar.f,.. 131 e - v v r i t;o v,. i i i : "iv. "uuwcu aim lamenu-.i who knew him Dr. Wood studied . early age of seventeen. 1L. tl attended the University of p " sjivaiiia aim graauared with tinction in 1855, before he wa; years old. Soon after, he marrCj Miss Daughtry, an accompli young lady of Gates countv, C lived only a few months. Wi no offspring. In 1858, Du. Wy moved to Scotland Neck. IT J; county, where he has since liv enjoyed a large practise. n wa3 an ardent Confederate a' served as First Lieutenant f in Company B, First North Ca-. i olina Cavalry ( Ransom's renirert , He was afterwards promoted to i. Captain of Company G, which v. fice he held until he was wounds in the right shoulder by a piece shell during one of the nunivroui cavalry engagements on Gen. LfV right flank in his advance to tl fated field of Gettysburg. In 18C4Lt was promoted Major of the Fir-: Cavalry, but resigned on actou of his late wound of the year j rt vious. As an officer and s.dj,r his record is highly comnumltl Dr. Wood was married the h -rj.i time in 18G2, to II ennetta, Jaua ter of the late Col. Whitml !!. Anthony, of Scotland Neck, v l;..;. sua living. liii'v nave oniv ... child living, Capt. John W. W:. an able voung lawver f i?-i;.. countv. Dr. Wood has been former.-.-years a prominent member t" L Medical Society. In lb4 he v... elected President of the Io:ir I : Medical Examiners of the St;;t -the term of six vears. Since the close of the lat .. between the States, he has - i:t::.-;-ously and successfully praetio i profession at his home in S ; : Neck, at the same time servi; h's county Halifax most sat: - -rily in responsible position- -to his appointment to the .Sn ri:; tendency of the N. C. Insii - .V- lum. lie is a thorough North C ! olinian and has alwavs been l ir: in the foremost ranks anion.: u public spirited citizens of his ment. DR. F. T. FULLER, FIRST TANT PHYSICIAN. ASS Francis Tavlor Fuller, M. I), was born in a part of Grnnv;.l! now Yanee county, June 14th. !'". At the age of eighteen he bein 'i: study of medicine under direr- 1 of the late Dr. W. R. Hicks, of Ox ford, and afterwards under JJ. Chas. E. Johnson, of Raleigh, graduated at the U;iiver.-in Pennsylvania in the spring of Is The North Carolina Insane A-;-lum was opened for the reception patients in February, 18o0, wi:L Dr. E. C. Fisheras Superintendent. (In July of the same year. Dr. Ful ler was elected Assistant Phv-ienr.. which office he has held continue u- to the present time. Thus u : the threshold of life, at the be-ri li ning of hisprofessional career, h-became identified with North Car -lina's greatest charity and tor life-time has devoted every day t the interest of the State and the &:t vice of the most helpless and aiiiict ed of its people. He has never sought individual preferment of any kind. On the contrary, he ha avoided it when offered to him. 1 11 1882 he was appointed a director oi the Western N. C. Insane Asylum and has continued such since When a superintendent was aboii: to be elected for that institution, 1 would have been chosen without op position, but he declined, loath te sever his connection with North Carolina Insane A-yhn-and remove himself from hi? rela tives and friends in Raleigh, uu believing that as a Director tUrv and physician here, he euuld be-- serve the insane of North Caroln He was not mistaken. As a Dir ' tor he has served the Western Av lum with the same earnest n v, faithfulness, ability, and sueee with which he has served the ".- Insane Asylum as an A.-----1-1' Physician, and to him is d'-'- ' 1? II f; Ev TUi Di Cc da of aft Gc rec fro Hi pr; pr liii an ;co of nc 11 C fc tl 7u C t o 1 P ti h I li f ' V , " c V- o 1 I l I ,-.-.. .