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The only paper in the State
that takes the" full press dispatches. The Daily State Chron 3 icle will have . n FOURTIIOUSVND bona fide subscribers by an other year. Mark our prediction. c qual and Exact Justice to All Men, of Whatever State or Persuasion, Relicjous or Political---riios. Jelferson. Vol. IX.1 No. 105. RALEIGH, N. C, WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1891. PRICE: 5 CENTS. IU I II I II III FOUR MURDERERS ELtCTSOCUTED, In Each Case the Current was Turned on second Time. a ALL THE EXECUTED MEN WERE BURNED BY THE CURRENT. Most of the men were awake when, shortly before four o'clock, the Priests and the Chaplain appeared The latter spoke a few words of comfort to Jugiro when he told him that the end was near, but the Jap did not receive them in a grateful spirit, and the chaplain passed onto Siniler's cell, while the two priests busied themselves respectively with Slocum and JJ ood. None of the Witnesses were Overcome by Fright. All Say Death was Instantaneous and Painless. (By The United Preas.) Sing Sing, July 7 The follow ing story of the execution this morning is an authentic account of the killing of the four men in the prison. The approximate time of turning on the current in each case was: Slocum, 4:40; Smiler, 5:l0; Wood, 5:30; Jugiro, 6:05. The prisoners had received some inti mation before hand that the executions were to take place this morning and they were prepared for them. They went to the execu tion chair bravely and met their fate without a struggle. They of fered no resistance, but rather as sisted the keepers when they were bound down, in ihe chair. The electrodes were not applied as in the Kemler case to the top of the skull and the base of the spine, but were bound to the forehead of the condemned men and the calves of their legs. The current was turned on in each case for t venty seconds. The voltage was about 1,500 and 1, 000. In each case there were apparent evidences of revival as in the Kem ler case and in each of the four eases the current was turned. on a second time. In spite of the fact that the sponges were kept con stantly wet all of the executed men were bu-ned bv the current, and es pecially about the calves of the legs. The medical men present agreed that death came on iirst and that the seeming revival was merely a reilex muscular action. None of the witnesses Was overcome by fright, and all of them who have spoken have made the statement that the electrodes were successful and death in all cases was instantaneous and painless. At 12 o'clock Drs. Southwick and Dan iels and Deputy. Attorney Hogan left for the West. None of them would talk. Dr. Barber, the phys ician of the prison, came out shortly after and said that the autopsy was completed and that no statement would be given out for several hours. Dr. McDonald conducted the autopsy. PA11T1CULARS OF THE EXECUTION. Sing Sing, N. Y., July 7 The four miserable murderers, Slocum, Smile, Wood and Jugiro, were put to death here early this morning in the electric chair, the first named at 4:20 a. m. and the others later, at intervals of about half an hour apart, Jugiro, the last victim, re ceiving the lightning stroke at 6:50 a. m. The doomed men had been awake ' most of the night.. When the warden visited them at midnight all of them were wide-awake and evidently ex pectins the eid to come soon. They knew that Kemler had been killed on the second morning and they did not believe that their time would be delayed much longer. There had leen no increase of the guard. The regular watchers' remained with them from six o'clock last night. The condemned men took very calmly the announcement that the sentence was about to be executed. They were dressed w hen the chap lain and the priests entered. Their clothing was much alike a suit of radd diagonal, white shirt and col lar and black tie. About 4 a. m. the witnesses dis tributed themselves about the death chamber. The electrician was in charge of the apparatus for measur ing the current which was fastened to the side of the closet opposite the entrance to cell room. It consisted of a volt-meter, a resistance coil and a row of 20 incandescent lamps, each measuring 100 volts. A heavy switch board formed the connection between the wire's from the dynamo at the other end of the prison grounds and the wires in the executioner's closet adjoining. A push button communicated with a signal bell in the dynamo room. When the witnesses had arrang ed themselves about -the room the electrician touched this button and the engineer responded to the signal and started the dynamo. They had been tested up to 3,000 volts during the morning. When the current had been turned on the electrician threw the switch which turned it into the row of lamps above his head. They burst into a slow of light... that rivalled the daylight shining through the canvas cov- lennsi ot tne winuows aoout me sides of the improvised execution room. The testing apparatus show- w a. ed again a satisfactory strength of current. The electrician advised the warden of the- fact. The warden went to the great iron door at which stood one of the assistants, whom he had ap pointed under xwarrant of the law, and it was opened to permit him to pass through. lie was gone only a couple of minutes. In that time he had notified Head Keeper : Con naughton, who was in the condemn ed cell room, that the chair wras rea'dy for the first of the condemned. The death warrant was not read to the condemned man in the cell as was done in the case of Kemler. The Warden had sakl that he did not know anything in the law requiring him to read the death warrant. As a precaution ary measure he would read it but not at the time of the execution; some time before, if possible. It was his wish to prevent the other men knowing that the first man had been taken from his cell if it was possible to do so. So the exit from the cell room was made as quietly as possible. The warden and the headkeeper walked ahead, then the condemned man (between the two priests, Father Creeden and Father Lynch), then the two guards. JFhen the iron door had been closed behind the party, Slocum, the first victim, stood silently and stolidly.He showed no depth of interest in the ceremony in which he was to be a party. The warden did not ask the prisoner if he had any thing to say, and he did not volunteer anything. The pris oner made no resistance, but walked quietly to the chair and sat down As he seated himself and leaned back, the wardens assistance stepped forward and drew across his chest and under his arms the heavy straps which were securely fastened to the back of the chair. Then about his wrists and over his arm they drew another strap which they buckled closely. Ilis legs were quietly Dr. McDonald superintended the adjustment of the straps. Warden Brown told the Unitedi Press correspondent two days be Tore that he would leave all the de tails of arranging the apparatus to the scientists. , . The Inst to be put in place was one across the face almost over the mouth, but not so as , to prevent speech, and another over the, eyes and upper part of the nose. Then the "figure four" over his head was brought down and the1 electrode fas tened to the head strap. The second electrode was fastened to the right leg near the calf, a slit in the trou- having been left for that I purpose. . lhe wires were attached to the electrodes The prisoner was calm and gave assistance as he could by placing his limbs as directed. One of the doctors took a can and wet the sponges on the electrode. Warden Brown merely looked on, thus carrying out the letter of the law. As the doctors finished their inspec tion of the straps they nodded to Dr. McDonald, who stood behind the chair with a watch in one hand and a handkerchief in the other. The handkerchief fell from his hand and electrician Davis, at , the signal, turned the switch bar which threw the whole strength of the electric current into the eh.nr. thf nnrrpTit nahsinw 7 ... l, through the execution chamber. The turning on of this current was the signal for the unknown execu tioner within the closet. He in stantly shifted the switch. Imme diately the body in the chair stiff ened against the straps, perfectly rigid. Every muscle was firmly set as though some awful effort to escape from the bonds that held it tight made them like springs of tear;-' pered steel. The straps strained with the sound of stretching leather. The cords pressed deep into the yielding flesh of "the face and grip ped the clothing tightly. The ex pression, of the face was lost under the broad bands drawn across the eyes and chin, but the skin exposed o view turned a purple red. The spectators drew about the chair, standing on the rubber mats 'or safety, and the phys:cians com pared notes on the physical phe nomena presented. Dr. McDonald lad his eyes on the stop watch in lis hand. If hen it marked 20 sec onds he nodded to electrician Davis, who stood with his hands still on the switch, waiting for the signal. It had been decided that to wait or the executioner in the closet to respond to a signal to stop would mean a loss of time which would destroy some of the scientific value of the experiment. When McDonald nodded, Davis turned a switch and the current ceased to flow. The effect on the body of Slocum was almost instan taneous. From a position of great muscular activity, it suddenly sub sided in hollow chested collapse. Instead of straining against . the straps, it hung ill them limp. Through this body a steady current of 1,600 volts had been running twice the strength of the average current that- passed through Kem ler's body. It had been on for twenty seconds or five seconds Ion ger than the current in the Kemler case. Would the man move or would, he give the sickening sug gestions of returning life that hor rified the spectators at Auburn? Very little time was spent in making preparations for the next execution. The second of the condemned men chosen was. Smiler, who mur- dered'one of his wives. He has been attended by- Chaplain Edger ton, of the State prison, ever since his confinement, and this morning Rev." Mr. Laws was with him also. When the warden summoned him irom his cell he came witn a by the clergymen. He betrayed no fear at the sight of the chair, and like his predecessor, Slocum, he seated himself and placed his arms in readiness for binding., He did n6t offer to make any final speech. Ia fact, unlike Kemler, none of the four men made any farewell re marks. The straps were adjusted, again the white handkerchief fell, the switch was turned and the straps tightened under the strain of taut muscles as the current shot through the body. The contact in this case as in others, with perhaps almost inap preciable variation, was twenty seconds. The current measured some 1,500 volts. At the end of the twenty seconds the current was turned off, but only for a minute. The chest of the man in the chair began to heave and the current was turned on once more, until, as in the case of Slocum, it burned the flesh. Then it was shut off again. and after a delay, which showed that there was no chance of a revi val of life, the body was unstrapped and taken from the chair to the autopsy room adjoining. Wood was the third to be exe cuted. He came willingly, accom panied by two priests, and went through the ordeal bravely with substantially the same results. The only difference in the arrangement of his case was the attaching of the negative electrode to the left leg in stead of to the right. The reason for this change wras that there was an ulcerated sore on the right leg at the calf. The first contact in Wood's case, as in the others, did not seem to be jfinal and it needed a second, which was continued unti the flesh was singed to satisfy the physicians that the man was dead In Kemlev's case the burning of the body was ascribed in part to he fact that " the sponges were not well wetted. To-day the sponges were wetted constantly. The fourth man to meet death was the Japanese, Jugiro. Owing o his brutal nature it had been eared that he might make resist- ance, out lus long connnement nau broken his spirit. When the warden and keepers came to his cell :ie was seated on' the floor. He has never wanted a bed in his cell. He sprang to his feet as though he met he summons gladly and followed the guards quietly. His face was repulsive and brutish. The long beard had been cut" off, but a few days' stubble made, his face untidy. He was bound with out resistance and stolidly awaited the shock. The first contact did not destroy all appearance of life and the second burned the flesh. There was no doubt though of the death of the Japanese when he was taken from the chair. The seconds passed slowly how many of them is not known, but in less than a minute's space there came between the lips of the pallid face hanging in tFe death harness a rush of air ' which wdiistled between the half clenched teeth and ended in a half sigh, half groan. Only once did the lungs seem to contract. Quickly as Dr. McDon ald could raise his hand to give the signal, the electrician threw the switch, the electric current rushed through the death circuit and the body in the chair stiffened again against the straps. The time of the contact was not made public. Dr. McDonald has the record. The stop watch did not regulate the length of the contact this time. The same unhappy event that brought the Kemler execution to a close made a sudden end of Slo cum's experience in the electric chair. The skin and flesh of the legs, and almost immediately after ward, the skin of the forehead be gan to smoke. Dr. McDonald again signalled the electrician to withdrawn and instantly the body collapsed again. This time there was no response from the muscles. The figure hung silent and motion less in the straps. There was no doubt that Slocum was dead. The electrician had signalled the engineer and the dynamo stopped, and the whirring sound that had sounded so clearly to the waiting ears of the watchers without.through the silent early hours of the morn ing had died away. The warden's assistant stepped forward and loos ened the electrodes. One bv one he straps which confined the body o . the chair were unbuckled. Slocum's remains were carried to the adjo;ning apartment where hey were laid on one of the long ables placed there for the autopsy. IFhile the body was being removed he witnesses discussed earnestly the similarity which it bore to the Kemler case. With the conclusion of the fourth execution Harden Brown led the witnesses back to his house, where after an hour's wait, a second breakfast, more elaborate than the first, was served to them.- THE AUTOPSY. The autopsy was begun at 10 o'clock and the first .body operated upon was that of Slocum. Dr. McDonald was in charge of the autopsy and was assisted by Dr. Ward, Dr. Townsend and Dr. Southwick. The same force will be continued on the other bodies. They will not finish to-night and Dr. McDonald's official statement may not be given out tor some days. The autopsy of Slocum was confined mostly to the brain and heart to Ami, out how the strong current affected them. The brain of Slocum was congested and at every place, where the contact wa made, the tissues vere burned and destroyed. Dr. McDonpld, who con ducted the execution and autopsy was asked to-night for a statement. He declined to give any information, saying that the results would be given out in official sources. Asked to deny the statement that the men did net die instantly, he said: "I have nothing to say as to that. Un consciousness was immediate and the men suffered no pain. They made no resistance at all." Dr. HTard was asked: "Did the first shock kill them," and said: "I do not care to answer that; I think the execution successful." All the wit nesses have gone and the prison has returned to its natural state. It is said that all information will be given out at the office of Superin tendent of Prisons in Albany. The bodies of Jugiro, IFood and Slocum will be buried in Potter's Field. The body of Smiler will be called for by his wife. CRASH 111 CHARLOTTE'S MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS The Board of Aldermen Held a Livety -Meeting, THE "CITY 'HAS NO MONEY. Tlie Preposition to Issue Bonds is Defeated Will Public Improve' ments Cease ? I Special to State Chronicle. Charlotte, N.C., July 7. The predicted financial crisis in Char lotte's municipal affairs has arrived and the financial problem was the subject of a lively debate at the reg ular meeting of the Board of - Aldermen yesterday afternoon as a wav out of it. A proposition was submitted to issue $40,000 in bonds. but this proposition was defeated. There are seven for it and four against it, but on many questions it requires a three-fourths vote of tin entire board and this three-fourths was not forthcoming. The advo cates of the measure lacked two votes of carrying the thing their way. Questions of this kind can only be acted on at regular meetings of the Board so the pros, and cans, will have until the first Monday in August to prepare their lires of action. Any ordinary prophet could have predicted months ago the fix that Charlotte finds itself in to-day and the present administration knew the problem it would be called upon to solve. There is now not over $250 in the city treasury, and according to official calculation not more than $5,000 is in sight between now and next November. The city has an expensive public building in course of erection to provide for. It has a police department to pay besides the maintenance of a paid lire de partment. Then comes in the street hands, electric light and water works, retail and other necessary expenses. The average pay roll of street hands alone, is $500. The weekly drain upon the Treasury for the construction of the city hall is $1,000, and the city clerk tells us that to-day the town has $250 in the Treasury. It is a problem for a fact and the city must either ne gotiate a loan, issue bonds, or stop street and building work and let the police whistle for their pay for a time. FOR EDUCATORS An Oiler to Sell the Famou and Beautiful Bitieh&m School Property. The famous Bingham School has been moved to Asheville, N. C, for private reasons that can be stated on applicatien. I will there fore dispose of all this desirable school property, famed for its beauty, the healthfulness of its location and its adaptability to military or other school purposes. Situated on the Richmond and Danville system, fifty miles from the State Capital, in the centre of the State. Nearly every one who ever passed the lo cation remembers it. Barracks, recitation rooms, mess hall, furni ture, professors residences, bath houses, &c, orchards, beautiful lawn, 380 acres of productive land. I have spent over $30,000 improv ing the place. Will sell at greatly reduced price. Address, Mi:3. Wm. Bingham, Bigham School, N. C. IIURIIAM LANDSUE. strapped to the legs of the chair. I calm step, courageously supported turn the switch. The current was Bradycrotine is a sure-shot cure for neuralgic headache. The Opening. Day Snrpassed Ex pectations. Special to State Chros;xt. Durham, N. C, July 7 In the first sale of the lots of the Durham Consolidated Land and Improve ment Company the sale occupied two hours. The sales of lots sur passed expectations. To-morrow is the big day of the sale, and a large crowd is expected. Carpet Mill Darned. By The United Fress. Philadelphia, Pa., July 7. Fire this evening destroyed the large five story carpet mill of K. R. Priestley, 1310 Lawrence St., in volving a loss of about $100,000. Messrs. Furbush & Co., who had machinery stored in the building, will lose at least $30,000. Mr. Priestley had an insurance of about $40,000 on the 1 building and con-. tents.