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JOURNAL OF INDUSTRY
KALEKili, SATURDAY, OCT. 8, 131. ORGAN OP he North Carohna Industrial Association. A Weekly I'ap r. Devoted to the Material, Intellectual, Moral, Social, Spiritual, Physi cal and Fumncial Interest of tfte Colored People. C. K. HUNTER, $ M" fil-BSCKIPTION RATKS: Single copy, 3 months -50 5 U0 12 ' ..".". 1.50 OCR CIXB RATKS. 12 subscribers, 3 months each 5.00 12 6 6.0 12 " 12 " " 15.0fi ADVERTISING KATES : One Square, one insertion, -50 Two Squares, one insertion -"5 Three Square, one Insertion 1"0 Liberal discounts will he made on all ad vertisements requiring more apace, and tanding a longer time. m" Let all communications for publica tion he directed tO TjIK JOCKNAL OF 1NULS- rav. Correspondents must bk brief; our pwe Is limited. ttlUAll anonymous communications will bflcommltted to the waste basket - The name and address of the writer must accompany them, not for publication, unless desired, but as a guarantee of good faith. ft5Vecann t preserve nor return man ascrijts. B- The editors of this paper are not re iponslble for the sentiments of correspond ents. X 4.1 ftB- All business letters pertaining- to the Association or the Exposition, must be di rected to the Secretary. We will be pleased to eltect an ex change with any paper, and will give it the benefit of an "ad," if it will return the con t--sy . -Friends, please do not write on both aides o' your paper. If you persist in doing so, yoi may not be surprised if your article nt er appears in these columns. 5-All parties Bend ng commCHications will greatly oblige by paying the necessary postage before mailing their THE FAIR THE SECOND ANNUAL EX HIBITION OF THE N. C. INDUSTRIAL ASSO -CIATION. PROCEEDINGS OF THE WEEK! EXHIBITS SPEECHES BY COL. POLK, BISHOP J. W. HOOD, BISHOP J. M. BROWN AND HON. FREDRICK DOIWLASS. The Industrial Exhibition was for mally opened on Tuesday the 28th ult.,- the whole of Monday having been occupied in making entries, and finish ing the preparations for the Fair. FIRST DAY. There were not a great many pe pie on the grounds Tuesday morning, out toward noon there was a good rowd gathered. At 10:30 o'clock the procession marched out to the Fair ;rounds. It was composed of Stanleys orass band; a carriage containing ol h. L. Polk, the Orator of the day, Judge Edwin G. Reade, Mayor Man ly, and Dr. G. W. Bladknall; another carriage containing J no. O'k-illy, pres ident of the Association; J no. H. Wil .iamsoo, Master of Ceremonies, B. J. Edwards, of the Journal of In dustry; the Marshals and others At 12;30 the exercises began . Prayer was offered by Rev. Auguttus hep ard. The Chief Marshal, Jno. C. J) mcy of Tarboro, then introduced Co1. L. L, Polk ex-Commissioner of Agriculture who was to deliver the opening ad dress, in behalf of Gov. Jarvis, who was compelled, by unavoidable circum stanoes, co be absent from the cty. Col. Polk spoke as follows: Mr .President and Friends : Through the kind courtesy of Hi8 Excellency, the Governor, approved through the partiality of the officers of the Industrial Association, it is made my pleasant duty to open, formally, this, the second annual exhibition of the North Carolina Industrial Associa tion. And it may not be improper for me to add, that my selection as his humble representative here to-day is due solely to the fact to which our friend alluded in his introductory re marks, of my recent connection with the Department of Agriculture of North Carolina, and of my presumed famili arity with, and well-known attachment to, the great objects which your associ ation is designed to promote. I share with you the regret that His Excel lency could not be present to-day ; and I was requested by him, on yesterday afternoon, to say to you that his absence was unavoidable ; that appointments had been made and published which he could not possibly recall, without in justice to himself. And he bade me ex press to you his in'erest in yoar etlorrs to advance the material welfare of y ur race; and to assure you of his sincere desr, both as an individual citizen of the State and as i?s Chief Executive Of ficer, to aid you in every nay in hi power in your elf r s to pi emote and advance the welfare of y nr peop' And as an earnest f hi smpa'hy ml interest, lie h' ps t be with you n K rid ay next, when be will offer you f me words o-r counsel and ere m'ae ment, if it bo your pleasure to hear them. I 2ongratuHt yon on the auspicious outlook for this young Associa ion. True, in the beginn ing of this your s-c -'nd Annual Fir, you h ive not the num ber present which perhaps S"ine uf your more sanguine ffioers wou'd lik to see; but I take it as a hopeful s-ign. The j eple whrm you des re to see here to-day are in the cotton lhlds throughout the country, gathering a little of the necessary chink" with which to come to-mor-nw or next dy. I congra'ula'e yr-u on the manage ment of this association, for that it has been prudently, economically and judi ciously managed, our 6ujr-undings throughout the grounds to day wilt abundantly testify. Before the clee of this, your second annual Fair. I hope to ee repies mtatives of yur race from every section of North Csrolina within these grounds I want you to have their support, the moral encourage meut of your own neDle, which you so richly deserve. I told you from this stand lat year, that the colored people of North Carolina were the first of the four mil ho s in this country to come forward and organize an annual Fair, to show what you were doing in material pro gress, and that as a citizen of the S ate I was proud of the enterprise and pub licspiiitof our col red people; and I repeat, ith increa sed war in h, that sentiment to-dav. On all occasions, I believe y-m are the fortuna'e, or un for tuna'e. recipients of an abundance of gratuitous rdvice, and while it is not my purp se to detain you. yet there are a few thoughts I would pr nr, for your consideration, as appropr ate t the time and occasion. (P rclon mo fr allusion personal to myself, in justification of the frankness and cand n with which I shall speak.) Being re4i-ed on a farm, it was my lot to have only as playmates colored chil drenthe happisr hours of sportive childhood were shared by children of your own rac and I shall naver forget, aye, I would bo less than human if I could forget, th ' kind and maternal care and affection of my old "black mam," wb watched with such solicitude and interest the wanderings of my childish stepj. I ther fore, claim the right to talk to you plainly, frankly and truthfully. Indeed, I can ay that never, since you were set, free, have been called upon to address your people when I withheld or exceeded what I honestly conceived to be the truth. There are gratifying and significant developments made in the census re turns bearing on our condition as a people, and prominent among them I may mention our increase in population. VVe are told that, within the present de cide our population has inct rased three hundred and twenty-nine thousand, or about thirty per cent. Now, ba it re membered. that we have had compara tively little immigration, and these fig ures show that, we are moving upward and onward. Your rice is about equal in numbers with the white r ice in this State.and I presume, not having seen an analysis of the statistics, that your ratio of increase hs been about the same. Then there is another sta'eraent th it. may be produced n favor of our general progress Notwithstanding we have, as I believe the figures will show, a small er proportion of field laborers of our en tire population than we had prior to 'he war, yet our cotton crop of last ear exceeded by over a quarter of a million of bales, any crop ever produced in this country. And yet, do you know, mv friends, that cut of the whole popula tion of our state over ten years of ne, only forty-five out of every hundred are at work?, I do not mean by work to confine to the farm and to the work shops, but I mean all those engaged iu tue differeEt vocations for a subsist tence. Think of it, fifty-five per cent, of our entire populat on over ten years of age doing nothing ! And only 76 per cent, of the 45 engaged are farm ers. What do these figures tell us ? Who in North Carolina suffers for bread or shelter or clothing ? Who rer heard of it ? And yet, with only ffve millions of acres of our lands sub jected to the plough, and this small number of our people engaged in farm ing, we not only support bountifully our whole population, but we export of our products to the value ot millions. It demonstrates beyond all question I that God in his bountiful providence, has given to no people oa eatu a bet ter or more tiuitful land than Me-ed old North Ctrobna. Now, whv are not more of our people a woik ? In my experience and obse-vains a Commissioner of Aitriou'tur I ti' d in the country a general desire, especially among te young, to g t iid of work to avoni all employment that c tri butes to the permanent grow h and pr'-speii y of U.e country to hun hone-it labr. To those of joj hu are Parentis let me iem:nd you that work is the g-eat law of nature, stab hshed by the gr. at deat-.r hiaiK.-lf. Let me y to you 'hat pi rents ou may relieve yonneli of mnry obliga tions, but there- is one, you cannot avoid nor neglect; one for which you will beheld re.-p nible in the coming dav the inalienable cla m that your child Iihk upon y u tolen that cv ild how t make an honet living. Would v ou see the direful effects ol this neg lect ? G wih me if you pbits o on Sae penitentiary en the opposite s'de of this city, and i w 11 show yi.u men of toy race and of jonr'sic. who wre nH'Iecten, a-id n spurned honest labor, aul who wihin the gloomy c cfius oi granoe v alls, under the muzzles of rauske-s. :oe trying now to h-arn to work honestly. I ad monish you toinculcata a manly pride among your boys, and to infuse into the minds of your daughters .n attach ment ior home and the duties of lo mestic life, that they may become re spected and useful cit'z 'ns. Now, a word to th se of you who may be fortunate in the possession of a home. Mke that home comfortable and attractive improve it. You have no moral riht to strip and ui:i our land, and leave to your children leg acy of old rielis and gu'lh s instend of a pi avan. a id profitable home. hy, I h ive seen men at cross road w ores, fifteen miles from home. A-k them why th y are there, and ri.w chances are that' they will tell you. "5. had no'himj particular to do at honi8." Now, so with him to to that home, md in the cold, chilly rains of a De cember evening, you will find his de voted wife scrambling around the fences gathering up a little wet fuel with which to prepare the supper of this lazy, impiovident husband. No gate to welc me you, nly a broken d vn fence; no ornament, save the tracks of pis and cstile in the front yard; harness, ploughs, and oth.r, im plements strewn in and around the house. Go with him to the stn-hl?. if h. shuu'd hav- one. Your horse is put in a log houve, half h g deup in mud, with cracks large enough to admi with ease a ten mo ths piy, and he appiopriates the rails of two panuels of ft-nce to im provise a door; and yet this is the man who went fifteen miles to spend the day, because he had '-notbirg particu lar to do at, home." No. my friends, if you would improve y.ur farms, and have comfortable home you must work, you must, think, yon must reas on, you must talk and quire and as certain the b:st methods for improve ment. There is another important matter to which I wish to allude, aud if you for get everything elsn I say to-day, if you permit everything ele connected with this Fair to vanish from your minds, do nor. forget, I beg vou, that the oivy safe rule for a Xorth Carolina farmer is to mike his fann supplies at home. I care not what may be the allure ments offered by that treacherous King Cotton, heed them not uutil you have plenty of bread and meat at homp. I believe it could bo easily demonsrted, that except the war, one of the greatest evils that over be fell the South was tweuty-five cent cotton. I have already consumed more of your time than I had expec ted, but there is one more bubject to which I wish to call briefly your at tention. 1 speik to you as a friend, as a North CaroHu citizen, asd I would be false to ou, false to the S ate, aud false to mysplf, if I did not speak fear lessly wiiat I conceive to be the truth. Under our peculiar lorm of govern ment, recognizing you as invested with all th preioatives of citizenship, your destiny is inseperably b und up with ours. I have known n race in the history of the world, whose social, morel and political condition made their future and their destiny so greatly dependent on the preservation of peace. I care not what may have been sounded in your ears, nor by whom. I admonish jou to cultivate a spirit of amity, of fraternity, of pea e among yourselves and between your race and my race, as the surest and only means for promoting your pros perity and happiness. I care not what may be his political or religious creed, I care not what may be his position or character, I care not what may be his color, that roan who would ruthlessly ; 6ever the ties that should bind us to gether, who would sow seeds of dis cord and alienation and hatred be tween the race, whether be dofs goat the firetide, from the sacred desk, t r from the political platform, I declare him to be an t-neray to ycur rae i cur great country and to the highest and best iuUrets of our posterity. Among all the despicable character given in the hi-tory of the p.ist, none have been Touud so fiendish as to per sonate or illustrate this worse tb-n wicked spirit. The great mind of the immortal Miltou hd to iearch the vast realm of ihe uuiverseand vit-i. the dismal abode of the damned, to find irs tit representative, lie tells us that Bt e'.zebub after being hurl-d over the battlements of Heaven, and a he by writhing tu the toitu us lolds 1 eou suming flames, co it.eled his associates to cherish immor al hate aud study revenue thioughout all eteruity. No, your safety, y.ur prosperity, your enc cefes, your happiuess. your destiny, will find its great guideftar iu ih te rad ant words: 'Peace, ou earth gocd will towards men." It only remains for me to declare on behalf of bis Excellency the CJIoveruc r, your Second Annual Fair open, aud ; wishing vou a pleasant ani successful occasion I bid you good bye. Co1. Polk closed his pleasant and valuable add' ess amid applause, ai d music by the bad. II -u Edwin G. Ueade was then in troduced, und after disclaiming the in tention of making a speech, proceeded to mke an xee Unt one. His re marks were full f encourauemeut tti:d sympathy. He expressed his pleasure at the success of the Exhibition, and bade his htarers God speed in the worK of development. He especially com plimented the ladies ou their beauti ful handiwork, and urged up u them the cultivation of a love for the oeau titul, that they render their houst-s at tractive, and make home the altar at which the hearts of husbands, sons and daughters will evt?r worship. Mayor Manly, of the City of U.leigh, made some brief and well-timed re marks as did also Dr. Blacknall, both of these gentlemen expressing their gratification at the exhibition, ami their desire to see the Industrial Asso ciation, and the colored race cuntinue to prosper. This closed the ceremonies of the formal op uing. At 2 o'clock, there was a lively TKOTTING MATCH for a purse of twenty dollars, offered by the Association. The following hordes were entered: Buckskin, rh" property of R. I Wil lioms; Henry Clay, owmd by E. Pome roy, and Bluewing, owned by W. A Nixon. The race was f r the be.-t two beats in three, both of which were won by Henry Clay; time, 3:15, 308; Buckskin second, B!u0vt ing third. The judges we-e) J. M- Sonell, H. H. Roberts, and N. A. Blake. There was also some drill ug by the Oak City Blues and Eist ltileigh Guards. THIRD DAY WEDNESDAY. The third day of the Fair dawned clear a id pleasant, and the incoming trains brought large crowds of visitors to Rileigh from all parts of the state. At an early hour the grounds were well filled. Tue dust which rose in clouds everywhere was the only draw back A large procession, headed by the marshals, escorted tha oratoi of the day, Bishop Hood, to the Fair ground. At 12 o'clock the exercises began. Jdo. H. Williamson, of Franklin Co., the master of ceremonies, then intro duced Bishop Hood in his usual hap py style, who spoke as follows: Mr. President and Officers ok the North Carolina Industrial Fair Association: Ladies and Gentle men: It is a soarce of more than ordinary grannoatiou to me to hve the distin guished honor to meet aud nddress th people of the great State of North Carol na, at this, your Second Annual Exhibition. First, allow me to congratulate the officers of the Assoc'a ion, upon jour giand achievements, iu briuiug to gether so large a collection of articles, and such a vast ciowd of people, to behold the products of industry. It tel's of untiriug effort on your part and also of the great confidence the people repose in you. May it ever be your lot to enjoy the same confidence, and a like success. Secondly, permit me to congratulate this vast audieuce, upon the privilege afforded us of beholding, here, so many evidences of th rapid material im provemeut of our people. It should be to us a source of encouragement, and should stimulate us to greater efforts in the future. If we Lavt been thoughthss in the past, this Exhibition should awaken ii us 3k'ene of our importance, of what we can and ou.:ht to accomplish in de veloping the reMurce of thin, o-.it native lain?, and 'he grandest foentao that ever morttl U-ing mh1. If I wert dipod to cot.fi.i myself to one theme. I could think of nothing better than a theme sugentd by on of the terms in the title of your Asso ciation, viz: "Industry." I ulustry i-ithe rder of nature. You see it exhibited iu evtry creature thai is answering the end of its creation. As to mat kind, you will find tbt idea cf industry couched iu the tiist coin maud he. "received from bin Maker, airer tha fall: "lithe sweat of thy face, shalt thou eat bread" (Gen. m;l' ) He who attempts to override this law. and eat bread for which be has not honestly Ubored, does it at hi ow n p?ril. ile is a law-lm-aker, and may expect that ht sins will find h m out, and that he w ill be brought to punih meut. fn other words, th indolent may not expect to enj y wealth, health and wisdom. He may Inve the means to purchase all that can be obtained by monev, but there are some things which money cannot buy Among these is, immunity from disease, and disease is the handmaid of indolence. Nor cm money buy knowledge, which is the rehiilt untiring of industry. A few men are born iek. but our midionaiis have accumulated their wealth by Industry. I have also no ticed, that comparatively few have gained substantial wealth, by ways that are dark and dishonest. The gambler or dealer iu lotteries may accumulate much for a while, but after a time his getting t.ke wings anddt patt. The only sure way for a man to secure and enjoy wealth and bequeath ir, to his posterity, is to ob tain it by hones' industiy. The sphere of industiy is man's tine element, out of which, he can no morn be happy and prosperous than a fi-h can live on dry Und, or a bird beneath the waves of the sea. We have heat d much about the bard time, but thoo who have been really industrious, have managed to work their way through them, and or -joy to day a laige degiee of prosperity Therein an idea in some minds that labor is dishonotable, tha i which, thcio could be no greater m snke. There is no h onest pu'suir. iu'which one can engage for a livelihood!, but w lint it bono able; but tho mitt: wh-rrrke-- . his living by any dishooest in-ans is a disgrace to humanity. He who Htandn about the street corners, complaining of the lurd times, or lays arouud gamb'iug dens, or gtog shops, await ing an opportunity to rob the it dus trious of the rewaids ot their 1 bor, t worthv only .f the contempt ol all honest tun. Lee roe grasp the' hind made Ii nd by labor; let me meet th co.ersely clad, sturdy lahon-r, at mid I 'gt t, in the most 1 n ly path, Ur away l'rom thu abodes of nm ; but l'-t me not, under such c'rcuin-t;uices, meet the kid gl wd dandy, wh , be in.; to lazzy or too proud to work, lives by his wits. In the former I feci that I have a companion with whom I may journey iu safety; in the latter I recognize a wretch, who only awaits a favorable moment to rob me of ail I possess, even life, if that stands in the way of his parsing the balance. Real honor without labor is impos sible, and he who exjec m honor with out labor i- a fool. The Almigh'y himself is a laborer. He was employed six days on the work of creation, four thousand yeirs on the wotk of redemption. h is now eugaed in the work of salv -iou, ami through ad eternity, ho will be en gaged in exhibiting, ''The exceeding riches of his grace, in hi- kindneK to ward us, through Chiit Jesus." (Ephe sians ii: 7.) Much Las been s.a;d of the capacity of the black man to bring large results out of industry, and his willingness to make the tffort has also been ques tioued. I think if y u consider how whort has been the priod in which ho has had the privilege of having any plans, or aims of his own; th difficulties he has had to overcome; the discouiage inents he has met on every hand, and the small amount of encouragtment he has received, I say, if these things are consideied the exhibition presen ted here to-day, sufficiently demon s' rates both the will and the ability of the black man to secure the largest possible rewards from industry, when a fair opportunity is afforded him. The truth is, he has been hedged in -for hundreds of years, and the process of hedging b til 1 goes on. He is not permitted to exercise his God-given, and acquired abilities. No where iD this broad land of ours has be a fair and open field for effort, continued on third page.