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The journal of industry. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1879-1???, October 09, 1880, Image 2

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JOURNAL OF INDUSTRY
KALEKili, SATURDAY, OCT. 8, 131.
ORGAN OP
he North Carohna Industrial Association.
A Weekly I'ap r. Devoted to the Material,
Intellectual, Moral, Social, Spiritual, Physi
cal and Fumncial Interest of tfte Colored
People.
C. K. HUNTER, $ M"
fil-BSCKIPTION RATKS:
Single copy, 3 months -50
5 U0
12 ' ..".". 1.50
OCR CIXB RATKS.
12 subscribers, 3 months each 5.00
12 6 6.0
12 " 12 " " 15.0fi
ADVERTISING KATES :
One Square, one insertion, -50
Two Squares, one insertion -"5
Three Square, one Insertion 1"0
Liberal discounts will he made on all ad
vertisements requiring more apace, and
tanding a longer time.
m" Let all communications for publica
tion he directed tO TjIK JOCKNAL OF 1NULS-
rav. Correspondents must bk brief; our
pwe Is limited.
ttlUAll anonymous communications will
bflcommltted to the waste basket
- The name and address of the writer
must accompany them, not for publication,
unless desired, but as a guarantee of good
faith.
ft5Vecann t preserve nor return man
ascrijts. B- The editors of this paper are not re
iponslble for the sentiments of correspond
ents. X 4.1
ftB- All business letters pertaining- to the
Association or the Exposition, must be di
rected to the Secretary.
We will be pleased to eltect an ex
change with any paper, and will give it the
benefit of an "ad," if it will return the con t--sy
.
-Friends, please do not write on both
aides o' your paper. If you persist in doing
so, yoi may not be surprised if your article
nt er appears in these columns.
5-All parties Bend ng commCHications
will greatly oblige by paying the necessary
postage before mailing their
THE FAIR
THE SECOND ANNUAL EX
HIBITION OF THE N. C.
INDUSTRIAL ASSO -CIATION.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE WEEK!
EXHIBITS SPEECHES BY
COL. POLK, BISHOP J.
W. HOOD, BISHOP
J. M. BROWN
AND
HON. FREDRICK DOIWLASS.
The Industrial Exhibition was for
mally opened on Tuesday the 28th
ult.,- the whole of Monday having been
occupied in making entries, and finish
ing the preparations for the Fair.
FIRST DAY.
There were not a great many pe pie
on the grounds Tuesday morning,
out toward noon there was a good
rowd gathered. At 10:30 o'clock the
procession marched out to the Fair
;rounds. It was composed of Stanleys
orass band; a carriage containing ol
h. L. Polk, the Orator of the day,
Judge Edwin G. Reade, Mayor Man
ly, and Dr. G. W. Bladknall; another
carriage containing J no. O'k-illy, pres
ident of the Association; J no. H.
Wil .iamsoo, Master of Ceremonies,
B. J. Edwards, of the Journal of In
dustry; the Marshals and others
At 12;30 the exercises began . Prayer
was offered by Rev. Auguttus hep
ard. The Chief Marshal, Jno. C. J) mcy
of Tarboro, then introduced Co1. L. L,
Polk ex-Commissioner of Agriculture
who was to deliver the opening ad
dress, in behalf of Gov. Jarvis, who
was compelled, by unavoidable circum
stanoes, co be absent from the cty.
Col. Polk spoke as follows:
Mr .President and Friends :
Through the kind courtesy of Hi8
Excellency, the Governor, approved
through the partiality of the officers of
the Industrial Association, it is made
my pleasant duty to open, formally,
this, the second annual exhibition of
the North Carolina Industrial Associa
tion. And it may not be improper for
me to add, that my selection as his
humble representative here to-day is
due solely to the fact to which our
friend alluded in his introductory re
marks, of my recent connection with
the Department of Agriculture of North
Carolina, and of my presumed famili
arity with, and well-known attachment
to, the great objects which your associ
ation is designed to promote. I share
with you the regret that His Excel
lency could not be present to-day ; and
I was requested by him, on yesterday
afternoon, to say to you that his absence
was unavoidable ; that appointments
had been made and published which he
could not possibly recall, without in
justice to himself. And he bade me ex
press to you his in'erest in yoar etlorrs
to advance the material welfare of y ur
race; and to assure you of his sincere
desr, both as an individual citizen of
the State and as i?s Chief Executive Of
ficer, to aid you in every nay in hi
power in your elf r s to pi emote and
advance the welfare of y nr peop'
And as an earnest f hi smpa'hy ml
interest, lie h' ps t be with you n
K rid ay next, when be will offer you
f me words o-r counsel and ere m'ae
ment, if it bo your pleasure to hear
them.
I 2ongratuHt yon on the auspicious
outlook for this young Associa ion.
True, in the beginn ing of this your s-c -'nd
Annual Fir, you h ive not the num
ber present which perhaps S"ine uf your
more sanguine ffioers wou'd lik to see;
but I take it as a hopeful s-ign.
The j eple whrm you des re to see
here to-day are in the cotton lhlds
throughout the country, gathering a
little of the necessary chink" with
which to come to-mor-nw or next dy.
I congra'ula'e yr-u on the manage
ment of this association, for that it has
been prudently, economically and judi
ciously managed, our 6ujr-undings
throughout the grounds to day wilt
abundantly testify. Before the clee of
this, your second annual Fair. I hope to
ee repies mtatives of yur race from
every section of North Csrolina within
these grounds I want you to have their
support, the moral encourage meut of
your own neDle, which you so richly
deserve. I told you from this stand lat
year, that the colored people of North
Carolina were the first of the four mil
ho s in this country to come forward
and organize an annual Fair, to show
what you were doing in material pro
gress, and that as a citizen of the S ate
I was proud of the enterprise and pub
licspiiitof our col red people; and I
repeat, ith increa sed war in h, that
sentiment to-dav. On all occasions, I
believe y-m are the fortuna'e, or un for
tuna'e. recipients of an abundance of
gratuitous rdvice, and while it is not
my purp se to detain you. yet there are
a few thoughts I would pr nr, for your
consideration, as appropr ate t the time
and occasion. (P rclon mo fr allusion
personal to myself, in justification of
the frankness and cand n with which I
shall speak.)
Being re4i-ed on a farm, it was my lot
to have only as playmates colored chil
drenthe happisr hours of sportive
childhood were shared by children of
your own rac and I shall naver forget,
aye, I would bo less than human if I
could forget, th ' kind and maternal care
and affection of my old "black mam,"
wb watched with such solicitude and
interest the wanderings of my childish
stepj. I ther fore, claim the right to talk
to you plainly, frankly and truthfully.
Indeed, I can ay that never, since you
were set, free, have been called upon
to address your people when I withheld
or exceeded what I honestly conceived
to be the truth.
There are gratifying and significant
developments made in the census re
turns bearing on our condition as a
people, and prominent among them I
may mention our increase in population.
VVe are told that, within the present de
cide our population has inct rased three
hundred and twenty-nine thousand, or
about thirty per cent. Now, ba it re
membered. that we have had compara
tively little immigration, and these fig
ures show that, we are moving upward
and onward. Your rice is about equal
in numbers with the white r ice in this
State.and I presume, not having seen an
analysis of the statistics, that your ratio
of increase hs been about the same.
Then there is another sta'eraent th it.
may be produced n favor of our general
progress Notwithstanding we have, as
I believe the figures will show, a small
er proportion of field laborers of our en
tire population than we had prior to 'he
war, yet our cotton crop of last ear
exceeded by over a quarter of a million
of bales, any crop ever produced in this
country. And yet, do you know, mv
friends, that cut of the whole popula
tion of our state over ten years of ne,
only forty-five out of every hundred
are at work?, I do not mean by work
to confine to the farm and to the work
shops, but I mean all those engaged iu
tue differeEt vocations for a subsist
tence. Think of it, fifty-five per cent,
of our entire populat on over ten years
of age doing nothing ! And only 76
per cent, of the 45 engaged are farm
ers. What do these figures tell us ?
Who in North Carolina suffers for
bread or shelter or clothing ? Who
rer heard of it ? And yet, with only
ffve millions of acres of our lands sub
jected to the plough, and this small
number of our people engaged in farm
ing, we not only support bountifully
our whole population, but we export of
our products to the value ot millions.
It demonstrates beyond all question
I that God in his bountiful providence,
has given to no people oa eatu a bet
ter or more tiuitful land than Me-ed
old North Ctrobna. Now, whv are
not more of our people a woik ? In
my experience and obse-vains a
Commissioner of Aitriou'tur I ti' d in
the country a general desire, especially
among te young, to g t iid of work
to avoni all employment that c tri
butes to the permanent grow h and
pr'-speii y of U.e country to hun
hone-it labr. To those of joj hu
are Parentis let me iem:nd you that
work is the g-eat law of nature, stab
hshed by the gr. at deat-.r hiaiK.-lf.
Let me y to you 'hat pi rents ou
may relieve yonneli of mnry obliga
tions, but there- is one, you cannot
avoid nor neglect; one for which you
will beheld re.-p nible in the coming
dav the inalienable cla m that your
child Iihk upon y u tolen that cv ild
how t make an honet living. Would
v ou see the direful effects ol this neg
lect ? G wih me if you pbits o on
Sae penitentiary en the opposite s'de
of this city, and i w 11 show yi.u men
of toy race and of jonr'sic. who
wre nH'Iecten, a-id n spurned
honest labor, aul who wihin the
gloomy c cfius oi granoe v alls, under
the muzzles of rauske-s. :oe trying
now to h-arn to work honestly. I ad
monish you toinculcata a manly pride
among your boys, and to infuse into
the minds of your daughters .n attach
ment ior home and the duties of lo
mestic life, that they may become re
spected and useful cit'z 'ns.
Now, a word to th se of you who
may be fortunate in the possession of a
home. Mke that home comfortable
and attractive improve it. You have
no moral riht to strip and ui:i our
land, and leave to your children leg
acy of old rielis and gu'lh s instend of
a pi avan. a id profitable home. hy,
I h ive seen men at cross road w ores,
fifteen miles from home. A-k them
why th y are there, and ri.w chances
are that' they will tell you. "5. had
no'himj particular to do at honi8."
Now, so with him to to that home,
md in the cold, chilly rains of a De
cember evening, you will find his de
voted wife scrambling around the
fences gathering up a little wet fuel
with which to prepare the supper of
this lazy, impiovident husband. No
gate to welc me you, nly a broken
d vn fence; no ornament, save the
tracks of pis and cstile in the front
yard; harness, ploughs, and oth.r, im
plements strewn in and around the
house. Go with him to the stn-hl?. if h.
shuu'd hav- one. Your horse is put in
a log houve, half h g deup in mud, with
cracks large enough to admi with ease
a ten mo ths piy, and he appiopriates
the rails of two panuels of ft-nce to im
provise a door; and yet this is the man
who went fifteen miles to spend the
day, because he had '-notbirg particu
lar to do at, home." No. my friends,
if you would improve y.ur farms, and
have comfortable home you must
work, you must, think, yon must reas
on, you must talk and quire and as
certain the b:st methods for improve
ment. There is another important matter to
which I wish to allude, aud if you for
get everything elsn I say to-day, if you
permit everything ele connected with
this Fair to vanish from your minds,
do nor. forget, I beg vou, that the oivy
safe rule for a Xorth Carolina farmer is to
mike his fann supplies at home.
I care not what may be the allure
ments offered by that treacherous
King Cotton, heed them not uutil you
have plenty of bread and meat at
homp. I believe it could bo easily
demonsrted, that except the war,
one of the greatest evils that over be
fell the South was tweuty-five cent
cotton. I have already consumed
more of your time than I had expec
ted, but there is one more bubject to
which I wish to call briefly your at
tention. 1 speik to you as a friend, as
a North CaroHu citizen, asd I would
be false to ou, false to the S ate, aud
false to mysplf, if I did not speak fear
lessly wiiat I conceive to be the truth.
Under our peculiar lorm of govern
ment, recognizing you as invested with
all th preioatives of citizenship,
your destiny is inseperably b und up
with ours. I have known n race in
the history of the world, whose social,
morel and political condition made
their future and their destiny so
greatly dependent on the preservation
of peace. I care not what may have
been sounded in your ears, nor by
whom. I admonish jou to cultivate a
spirit of amity, of fraternity, of pea e
among yourselves and between your
race and my race, as the surest and
only means for promoting your pros
perity and happiness. I care not what
may be his political or religious creed,
I care not what may be his position or
character, I care not what may be his
color, that roan who would ruthlessly
; 6ever the ties that should bind us to
gether, who would sow seeds of dis
cord and alienation and hatred be
tween the race, whether be dofs goat
the firetide, from the sacred desk, t r
from the political platform, I declare
him to be an t-neray to ycur rae i
cur great country and to the highest
and best iuUrets of our posterity.
Among all the despicable character
given in the hi-tory of the p.ist, none
have been Touud so fiendish as to per
sonate or illustrate this worse tb-n
wicked spirit. The great mind of the
immortal Miltou hd to iearch the
vast realm of ihe uuiverseand vit-i. the
dismal abode of the damned, to find
irs tit representative, lie tells us that
Bt e'.zebub after being hurl-d over the
battlements of Heaven, and a he by
writhing tu the toitu us lolds 1 eou
suming flames, co it.eled his associates
to cherish immor al hate aud study
revenue thioughout all eteruity. No,
your safety, y.ur prosperity, your enc
cefes, your happiuess. your destiny,
will find its great guideftar iu ih te
rad ant words:
'Peace, ou earth gocd will towards
men."
It only remains for me to declare on
behalf of bis Excellency the CJIoveruc r,
your Second Annual Fair open, aud ;
wishing vou a pleasant ani successful
occasion I bid you good bye.
Co1. Polk closed his pleasant and
valuable add' ess amid applause, ai d
music by the bad.
II -u Edwin G. Ueade was then in
troduced, und after disclaiming the in
tention of making a speech, proceeded
to mke an xee Unt one. His re
marks were full f encourauemeut tti:d
sympathy. He expressed his pleasure
at the success of the Exhibition, and
bade his htarers God speed in the worK
of development. He especially com
plimented the ladies ou their beauti
ful handiwork, and urged up u them
the cultivation of a love for the oeau
titul, that they render their houst-s at
tractive, and make home the altar at
which the hearts of husbands, sons and
daughters will evt?r worship.
Mayor Manly, of the City of U.leigh,
made some brief and well-timed re
marks as did also Dr. Blacknall, both
of these gentlemen expressing their
gratification at the exhibition, ami
their desire to see the Industrial Asso
ciation, and the colored race cuntinue
to prosper.
This closed the ceremonies of the
formal op uing. At 2 o'clock, there
was a lively
TKOTTING MATCH
for a purse of twenty dollars, offered
by the Association. The following
hordes were entered:
Buckskin, rh" property of R. I Wil
lioms; Henry Clay, owmd by E. Pome
roy, and Bluewing, owned by W. A
Nixon. The race was f r the be.-t two
beats in three, both of which were
won by Henry Clay; time, 3:15, 308;
Buckskin second, B!u0vt ing third. The
judges we-e) J. M- Sonell, H. H.
Roberts, and N. A. Blake.
There was also some drill ug by the
Oak City Blues and Eist ltileigh
Guards.
THIRD DAY WEDNESDAY.
The third day of the Fair dawned
clear a id pleasant, and the incoming
trains brought large crowds of visitors
to Rileigh from all parts of the state.
At an early hour the grounds were
well filled. Tue dust which rose in
clouds everywhere was the only draw
back A large procession, headed by
the marshals, escorted tha oratoi of
the day, Bishop Hood, to the Fair
ground. At 12 o'clock the exercises began.
Jdo. H. Williamson, of Franklin Co.,
the master of ceremonies, then intro
duced Bishop Hood in his usual hap
py style, who spoke as follows:
Mr. President and Officers ok the
North Carolina Industrial Fair
Association: Ladies and Gentle
men: It is a soarce of more than ordinary
grannoatiou to me to hve the distin
guished honor to meet aud nddress th
people of the great State of North
Carol na, at this, your Second Annual
Exhibition.
First, allow me to congratulate the
officers of the Assoc'a ion, upon jour
giand achievements, iu briuiug to
gether so large a collection of articles,
and such a vast ciowd of people, to
behold the products of industry. It
tel's of untiriug effort on your part
and also of the great confidence the
people repose in you.
May it ever be your lot to enjoy the
same confidence, and a like success.
Secondly, permit me to congratulate
this vast audieuce, upon the privilege
afforded us of beholding, here, so many
evidences of th rapid material im
provemeut of our people. It should be
to us a source of encouragement, and
should stimulate us to greater efforts
in the future.
If we Lavt been thoughthss in the
past, this Exhibition should awaken ii
us 3k'ene of our importance, of what
we can and ou.:ht to accomplish in de
veloping the reMurce of thin, o-.it
native lain?, and 'he grandest foentao
that ever morttl U-ing mh1.
If I wert dipod to cot.fi.i myself
to one theme. I could think of nothing
better than a theme sugentd by on
of the terms in the title of your Asso
ciation, viz: "Industry."
I ulustry i-ithe rder of nature. You
see it exhibited iu evtry creature thai
is answering the end of its creation.
As to mat kind, you will find tbt idea
cf industry couched iu the tiist coin
maud he. "received from bin Maker,
airer tha fall: "lithe sweat of thy
face, shalt thou eat bread" (Gen. m;l' )
He who attempts to override this law.
and eat bread for which be has not
honestly Ubored, does it at hi ow n
p?ril. ile is a law-lm-aker, and may
expect that ht sins will find h m out,
and that he w ill be brought to punih
meut. fn other words, th indolent may
not expect to enj y wealth, health and
wisdom. He may Inve the means to
purchase all that can be obtained by
monev, but there are some things
which money cannot buy Among
these is, immunity from disease, and
disease is the handmaid of indolence.
Nor cm money buy knowledge, which
is the rehiilt untiring of industry.
A few men are born iek. but our
midionaiis have accumulated their
wealth by Industry. I have also no
ticed, that comparatively few have
gained substantial wealth, by ways
that are dark and dishonest.
The gambler or dealer iu lotteries
may accumulate much for a while, but
after a time his getting t.ke wings
anddt patt. The only sure way for a
man to secure and enjoy wealth and
bequeath ir, to his posterity, is to ob
tain it by hones' industiy.
The sphere of industiy is man's tine
element, out of which, he can no morn
be happy and prosperous than a fi-h
can live on dry Und, or a bird beneath
the waves of the sea. We have heat d
much about the bard time, but thoo
who have been really industrious, have
managed to work their way through
them, and or -joy to day a laige degiee
of prosperity
Therein an idea in some minds that
labor is dishonotable, tha i which, thcio
could be no greater m snke. There
is no h onest pu'suir. iu'which one can
engage for a livelihood!, but w lint it
bono able; but tho mitt: wh-rrrke-- .
his living by any dishooest in-ans is a
disgrace to humanity. He who Htandn
about the street corners, complaining
of the lurd times, or lays arouud
gamb'iug dens, or gtog shops, await
ing an opportunity to rob the it dus
trious of the rewaids ot their 1 bor, t
worthv only .f the contempt ol all
honest tun. Lee roe grasp the' hind
made Ii nd by labor; let me meet th
co.ersely clad, sturdy lahon-r, at mid
I 'gt t, in the most 1 n ly path, Ur
away l'rom thu abodes of nm ; but
l'-t me not, under such c'rcuin-t;uices,
meet the kid gl wd dandy, wh , be in.;
to lazzy or too proud to work, lives
by his wits.
In the former I feci that I have a
companion with whom I may journey
iu safety; in the latter I recognize a
wretch, who only awaits a favorable
moment to rob me of ail I possess, even
life, if that stands in the way of his
parsing the balance.
Real honor without labor is impos
sible, and he who exjec m honor with
out labor i- a fool.
The Almigh'y himself is a laborer.
He was employed six days on the work
of creation, four thousand yeirs on
the wotk of redemption. h is now
eugaed in the work of salv -iou, ami
through ad eternity, ho will be en
gaged in exhibiting, ''The exceeding
riches of his grace, in hi- kindneK to
ward us, through Chiit Jesus." (Ephe
sians ii: 7.)
Much Las been s.a;d of the capacity
of the black man to bring large results
out of industry, and his willingness to
make the tffort has also been ques
tioued. I think if y u consider how whort
has been the priod in which ho has
had the privilege of having any plans,
or aims of his own; th difficulties he
has had to overcome; the discouiage
inents he has met on every hand, and
the small amount of encouragtment
he has received, I say, if these things
are consideied the exhibition presen
ted here to-day, sufficiently demon
s' rates both the will and the ability of
the black man to secure the largest
possible rewards from industry, when
a fair opportunity is afforded him.
The truth is, he has been hedged in -for
hundreds of years, and the process
of hedging b til 1 goes on.
He is not permitted to exercise his
God-given, and acquired abilities.
No where iD this broad land of ours
has be a fair and open field for effort,
continued on third page.

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