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SATURDAY JUNE 3, 1939
St. Augustine’s Dr. Jackson Addressed St. Aug. Graduates RALEIGH Seventy graduates of St. Augustine’s College and its associated schools received degrees diplomas and certificates at the seventy-second commencement of this, the oldest Episcopal institu tion of higher learning, here May 24. In addition to the twenty-six bachelor of arts degrees and the ten bachelor's degrees in science, on e diploma and three certificates of graduation were conferred by the Bishop Tuttle School for reli gious and social workers, ten dip lomas were awarded to graduates of St. Agnes Training School for Nurses, and twenty to graduates of the two-year college preparatory course. Walter C. Jackson, L. L. D„ dean of administration at the Women’s College of the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, in a striking address on the Spirit of scientific inquiry, said, “The mind of man has not only the right, but also the duty to doubt and inquire.’’ With this right and duty there goes the the corresponding responsibility to investigate and experiment with an attitude of honesty which must in volve willingness to be proved either right or wrong, he stated. The scientific age which ushered in this spirit of inquiry has seen the growth of other great forces characteristic of modern life: the Integration of life, which draws all mankind closer together through communication and transportation; increase in the common body of knowledge, and the decline of au thoritarianism. Although democra cy for the present seems to be in eclipse in parts of the world to day, authoritarianism must ultima tely succumb to democracy and liberty, the speaker maintained. Dr. Jackson has served as both state and national chairman of the Omission on Inter-racial Co-opera tion. President Edgar H. Goold con ferred prizes as follows: The Mil ton A. Barber public speaking a ward to Charles N. Atkins, of ’4l, of New York City; the Dußignon- Lewis prize in dramatic expression to William L. Delany, college pre paratory, ’4l, of New York City; the Omega Psi Phi Prize for out standing manhood in the freshman class to Phillip A. Sellers, of Char lottesville, Va. ;the Phi Beta Sigma prize for outstanding freshman scholarship to William Young, of Raleigh; the Dr. Thomas H. Amos freJiman biology prize to Frances M. Mayo, of Newark,. N. J.; a spec ial award given by the Rev. J. C. Mancebo, of Cuba a student of a bout fifty years ago “to the student who has done most for the pro motion of peace and happiness in the cllege,” to Joseph A. Bennett, ’4O of Edenton, N. C.! the Queen Esther Stokes prize for excellence in nursing, to Ann Phillips, ’39, of Asheboro, N. C. Sixteen states and one foreign country were represented in the graduating classes. th ir ty Legal Notices NORTH CAROLINA | IN THE SUPERIOR COURT WAKE COUNTY Katherine Hardy Coleman vs. Arnold Francis Coleman NOTICE The defendant, Arnold Francis Coleman, will take notice that an action entitled as above has been commenced in the Superior Court of Wake County, North Carolina, to obtain an absolute divorce on the grounds of two years separa tion, as provided in the Statute of North Carolina, plaintiff and de fendant having lived separate and a part for more than two years, next preceeding the institution of this action, and that said defendant will further take notice that he is re quired to appear at the office of the Oerk of the Superior Court of Wake County, in the court house in Raleigh, North Carolina, on the 29th day of June, 1939, or within 2 days thereafter and answer or demur to the complaint in said ac tion, or the plaintiff will apply to the court for the relief demanded in said complaint. This 29th day of May, 1939. W. H. SAWYER Clerk of* Superior Court Asthma Cause Fought in 3 Minutes »By dissolving and removing ®r Dhleem that causes strangling, ohoking. Asthma attacks, the doctor’s P r *“* i P** , “ Mendaco removes the cause t ° f , * ’ a£- No smokes, no dopes, no injections. « solutely tasteless. Starts work In « Sleep soundly tonight. Soon feel well, y younger, stronger, and eat anything, u a anteed completely satisfactory or ®o n ®J back. If your druggist is ou ’sk ordsr Marfdaco for you. Don another say. The guarantee protects ybu. SUPREME COURT BLOCKS ATTEMPS TO DODGE THE GRANDFATHER CLAUSE WASHINGTON, D. C. The at tempt of the state of Oklahoma to dodge a United States supreme court decision in 1915 which out-' lawed the grandfather clause in its constitution was in turn outlawed by the United States supreme court here May 22. In rendering its opinion in Lane v. Wilson, the court held that Ok- 1 lahoma had an unconstitutional law in the 1918 statute requiring! persons who had not voted in 1914! to register within a period of ten' days or forever thereafter lose' their right to register and vote. The 1916 registration law was passed immediately after the grand j father clause was declared uncon- I stitutional, and was designed to catch Negroes off their guard and 1 restrict their suffrage. The opinion, written and deliv ered by Mr. Justice Frankfurter, held that the 15th Amendment to) the Constitution “nullifies sophisti cated as well as simple minded! modes of discrimination.” The o-. pinion represented a 6-2 decision, with Justice Mcßenolds and Butler! dissenting and Justice Douglas not participating. j The .case, which was carried to the high court by the National Association for the Advancement 1 of Colored People, represents the 1 twelfth victory out of thirteen cases carried to the supreme court by that organization. I In the opinion delivered by Jus-; tice Frankfurter, the court said: i “The crux of the present contro versy is the validity of this regis- ’ tration scheme with its dividing line between white citizens who had voted under the “grandfather I clause” prior to Quinn v. United States supra, and citizens who were outside it, and the not more than’ 12 days as the normal period or registration for the therefore pre scribed class.” 15th Amendments Violated Pointing out that this was a clear violation of “the fifteenth a mendment which secures freedom I from discrimination on account of ra,ce in matters affecting that fran chise.” the opinion made it clear that this amendment “nullifies so phisticated as well as simple mind, ted modes of discrimination. It hits onerous procedural requirements which effectively ’handictp exer cise of the franchise by that colored: race although the abstract right to | vote may remain unrestricted as to race.” Th e eas e which is now thrown back to the supreme court of Ok lahoma. involves a SIO,OOO law suit filed against the registrar of Wagoner County. Okla., in 1934 by I. W. Lane, who charged that he was refused permission to re gister to vote in that year. NAACP attorneys who argued the case before the highest tribu- • nal in th e country were: Charles • A. Candler, of Muskogte, Okla.; and James C. Nabrit, a professor in the Howard university law school. Associate counsel who prepared the brief in th e case were: Thur-1 good Marshall, assistant legal coun sei of the NAACP; Charles H. Houston, and Leon A. Ransom, of the Howard university law school. Case .Goes Back to 1914 This case had its birth in the old grandfather clause cases of 1914 whereby the constitution of Oklahoma and several other states provided strict educational qualifi cations for voters unless they could prove that their grandfathers had voted prior to 1866. Since no Negroes were qualified to vote prior to 1866 the discrimination in the constitution was apparent and the U. S. supreme court in 1915 held this provision unconstitutional in a case fought by th e NAACP. Immediately after this decision Oklahoma attempted, to get around the 15th amendment again by pass ing an act February 26, 1916 that all persons eligible for registration had to register within 12 days or be forever barred from registra tion. But the act provided however, that all persons who voted in the 1914 elections (when Negroes were excluded by the grandfather .clause) were not affected. This act was challenged on the constitutional! grounds in 1934 by the NAACP when registration was refused I. W. Lane. Officials of the NAACP pointed) out that the court’s decision can Are You Interested IN GOOD PAINT SERVICE? Phone 5696 NONE BETTER at any PRICE RALEIGH PAINT SUPPLY CO. 404 W. LENOIR ST. CORNER HARRINGTON ST. be hailed not only as a great gain for Negroes becaus e it establishes their right to vote under the fifteenth amendment to the Consti tution, but it also gives a broader interpretation to the so-called Civil War amendments. Not only is the right to vote established by the old grandfather clause cases, and the right to vote in primaries establish ed by the Texas primary cases, al) handled by the NAACP, but now the right to register has been es tablished. NAACP Victories Twelve out of thirteen cases car ried to the U. S. Supreme Court by tie NAACP have been won. This record extends over a period of almost twenty-fiv e years, from 1915 to date. The first case in 1915 struck down as unconstitutional period of almost twenty-five years, from 19- 15 to date. The second case declared the Louisville segregation ordinance unconstitutional in 1917. This or dinance similar to those in other cities prohibited whites and Ne groes from living in th e same dis tricts. Th e principle that a trial dom inated by mob violence is but a “mask” and a denial of due pro cess was established in 1923 in sev eral cases growing out of the E laine, Arkansas, riots. Twelve Ne gro sharecroppers were sentenced to death and 67 for long prison terms at trials dominated by mobs. These men were freed by this de-1 cision and the precedent of due | process established. This precedent) has been used in many later cases! including the famous Scottsboro appeals. In 1926 the New Orleans segre gation ordinance similar to the Louisville one was declared uncon stitutional in a memorandum opin-1 ion. The first Texas primary case in 1927 established the right of Ne gioes to vote in the primary as well as the general election and held unconstitutional a Texas statute which excluded Negroes from the Democratic primaries. In 1930 the Richmond, Virginia, segregation ordinance, similar to the Louisville ordinance, was de clared unconstitutional in a me morandum opinion. The second attempt of th e state of Texas to exclude Negroes from the primaries was declared uncon stitutional in 1932. After th e first decision Texas attempted to evade the fifteenth amendment by enab ling the Democratic party of Tex as to exclude Negroes. This was de clared unconstitutional as state ac tion. In 1935 the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the conviction of Jess Hollins from Oklahoma by a jury of whites from which all Negroes were excluded was invalid and a denial of du e process of law. The conviction of three Negroes BOOKER T. WASHINGTON TOURS 236 West 135th Street New York. N. Y. THE CAROLINA TRIBUNE College Holds 72nd Finals in Mississippi on a confession ex torted by force and violence was held to b e a denial of due process of law in 1936. The supreme court held: “Th e rack and torture cham ber may not be substituted for the witness stand. . ” The conviction of Joe Hale of Kentucky on an indictment drawn by an all white jury and by a trial of an all white jury from which Negroes were excluded as declared unconstitutional in 1938. The University of Missouri de cision, December 12, 1938, establish ed the principle that a qualified Negro could not be excluded from the state university on the grounds of his color in the absence of the establishment of equal opportunities for him within the state. This de cision established the principle ap plicable to all public education that ’’the admissibility of laws se parating the races in the enjoy ment of privileges which the law gives to the separated groups with in th e States.” The twelfth victory was the case Monday May 22, 1939 de claring unconstitutional a statute of Oklahoma which discriminated against Negroes in their right to register and vote. thirty Many Requests For Aid Reach Welfare Agencies of State RALEIGH Approximately 28,000-persons applied to local wel fare departments in North Carolina in the six months ending the last of April, 1939, involving over 65,- 000 men women and children in requests for government financial aid, Mrs. W. T. Bost, State welfare RESPONSIBILITY There is not greater responsibility than the final service for our loved ones. And there is no duty with which the average person is less familiar. The cost of the funeral must be borne in mind . . civil authorities must be notified of the death . . friends must be informed. A host of things must be done. And that is where OUR RESPONSI- _ BILITY enters; our staff is .trained to remove all care over funeral details from client’s minds. i p Prices here are no higher, because of the many added Raleigh Mutual Burial Association service features. They are kept within ranges which enable ALL families, regardless of financial limita tions to benefit by our higher type of Memorial Service proceedure. RALEIGH MUTUAL BURIAL ASS N PHONE 5380 C. A. HAYWOOD, Pres. —Mfe-a -ft /* Now, you can travel fat Seaboard I Brmr_ I air-conditioned, reclining-seat A serr.MMVMM tun S“ b “ “ fc ;“- J Sleep reatfully. Spacious, softly- —— upholstered individual seats. Lights are dimmed. Pillows, 25c. r‘‘' Wash rooms with hot water, soap ,n< * fr«e towels. - , TEh h| 'tega 'WMF ONE WAY FROM RALEIGH Atlanta $ Birmingham 8.85 Boston 15.85 Chicago 17.30 I Detroit 17.90 < Jackskonville 7-80 Miami 13.35 New York 10.12 v Philadelphia 7.87 Pittsburgh 12.08 St. Petersburg 11.55 Tampa 11.00 C. G. WARD, D. P. A. Washington 4.55 505 1.0.0. F Temple, Raleigh, N. C. West Palm Beach 12.30 Telephone 4610 Ext. 1 commissioner announced today. « Monthly expenditures now run nJ the neighborhood of $525,00 for the 100 county welfare departments for all types of assistance grants from Federal, State and local funds to aid least 50,000 families. During April, 1933 blind persons were given an average grant of $14.64 to bring the monthly State wide total expenditure to $28,298.- ,18 under th e program administer ed by the State Commission for the Blind, according to figures com piled by J. S. Kirk, Statistician for the State welfare department. To 32,385 old people went an average payment during April of $9.55 with the total expenditure a mounting to $309,347.47; while North Carolina’s average grant to families of dependent children was $15.52 a family o r $5.82 for each child on the rolls requiring a total outlay of $125,324.92 to 8,075 fam ilies representing 21,534 children. Director of Public Assistance, Na than H. Yelton, pointed ovt th»t +ly> average North Carolina payment to recipients under that phase of the program administered by the State Board of Charities and Pub lic Welfare, is .climbing a few cents each month above the average for the preceding thirty-day period. From local relief funds alone 19,590 persons comprising 6,123 families received $34,7999.80 at an average grant for April of $5.68 a family. During the month, 446 cases re ceived $6,433.62 for pauper burials, boarding home care, and other items, and 737 'persons received hospitalization at an average cost of $25.20 from the $18,577.02 total spent for this type of aij by the counties, Kirk’s figures showed. Union Students Speak On Radio Program RICHMOND A resume and evaluation of the third all-South ern Negro Youth Congress held in Birmingham. Ala., was given over Station WRTD, Richmond, Thurs day night by Laurence D. Jackson and Samuel S. Mitchell, students of Virginia Union University. The speakers were representa tives of the Virginia Union Univer sity student body at the Birming ham conference. Mr. Jackson gave a report on the activities of the conference. He listed the panel discussions, outstanding speakers, and major activities of the three day meeting. An evaluation of the conference was given in the address by Sam uel S. Mitchell. “The Southern Ne gro Youth Congress,” Mr. Mitchell said, “has so identified itself with YOUR HOME IS BOTTSTffiS? - (Wg n M afl —jin. I MSI HSd '' II Si i OH Bwbw ' H i™Wo‘ See the focal Jigent of BANKERS 9 FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY DURHAM, NORTH CAROLINA CONSERVATIVE - SOLID —DEPENDABLE ’ ’ i ACME REALTY CO. RALEIGH BYERS and HAYES ROCKY MOUNT GRACE BROWER GREENSBORO C. W. ROBINSON HIGH POINT. NORTH CAROLINA OUR YEARS OF SUCCESSFUL SERVICE TO THIS COMMUITY MAKES IT POSSIBLE FOR US TO HELP YOU IN YOUR HOUR OF NEED ♦ Small and Helpful Loans Can Be Made and Repaid On A Small Monthly Basis Call and Our Representatives Will Gladly Render Any Assistance You Need NEW ACCOUNTS INVITED MECHANICS & FARMERS BANK r RALEIGH AND DURHAM 4 Member of Federal Deposit Insurance || —Corporation — PAGE FIVE the Negro situation that its failure would forecast the failure of our people.” Mr. Jackson, a member of the graduating classes, is from Okla homa City, Okla., Mr. Mitchell, who is a junior, is from Goldsboro, North Carolina. CHEST COLDS Here’s Quick Relief from Their DISTRESS! The annoying discomforts of a cold In chest or throat, generally ease when soothing, warming Musterole is applied Better than a mustard plaster, Mus terole gets action because it’s NOT just a salve. It’s a “counter-irritant” ; stimu lating, it penetrates the surface skin and helps to quickly relieve local congestiqn, aches and pains due to colds. Used by millions for 30 years. Recom mended by many doctors and nurses. In three strengths: Regular, Children’s (mild) and Extra Strong, 40*. Approved by Good Housekeeping Bureau.