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The progressive farmer. [volume] (Winston, N.C.) 1886-1904, February 24, 1886, Image 3

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"Tell me, grey-headed sexton," I said,
" Where in this field are the wicked folks
laid? '
I have wandered the quiet' old grave
yard through, . T
And stulied the epitaphs, old and new ;
But on monument, obelisk, pilUr, or
Stone ,, ,..,;'.'' j :
I read of no evil that men have done."
The old sexton stood by a grave newly
With his chin on his hand, his hand on
a spade ; ' I
I knew by the gleam of his eloquent eye
That his heart was instructing his lips
to reply.
"Who is to judge when the soul takes
its flight ?
WLo is to judge, 'twixt the 'wrong and
the right?
Which of us mortals shall dare to say
That our neighbor was wicked who died
" In our journey through life, the further
we speed, !
The better, we learn that humanity's
Is charity's spirit, that prompts us to find
Rather virtue than vice in the lives of
our kind.
"Therefore, good deeds we record on
these stones :
The evil men do, let it die with their
i nave laoorea as sexton tins many a
But I never have buried a bad man here."
Old Mose, who sells eggs and chick
ens on the streets ot Austin lor a
living, is as honest an old negro as
ever lived, : but he has got the bab
bit of chatting familiarly with his
customers, hence he frequently
makes mistakes in counting out the
eggs they buy. He carries his wares
around in a small cart drawn, by a
diminutive donkey. He stopped in
front of the residence of Mi's. Sam
uel Burton. . The , old ladv herself
came out to the gate to make the
purchases. , r
"Have vou irotnv einrs this
morning, Uncle Mose?" she asked.
"Yes, indeed I has. Jess got in
ten dozen from do kentry.
"Are they fresh ?"
"I gua'ntee 'em. I knows dey am
fresh jess de same as ef I had laid
em myse f .
"I'll take nine dozen. You can
just count th'em into .this basket.'
"All right, mum." He counts,
"One, two, free, foar, five, six, scben,
eight, nine, ten. You kin rely on
dem bein' fresh. How's your son
comin' on at de school ? He mus'
be mos' grown."
"Yes, uncle Mose, he is a clerk in
a bank at Galveston.'
"Why, how ole am de boy ?"
"He is eighteen."
" You don't tole me so. Eighteen
and getting a salary already, eight
een, (counting), nineteen, twenty,
twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-free,
twenty-foah, twenty-five, and how's
you gal comin' on ? She was mos'
growed up de las' time I seed her."
"She is married and living in Dal
las." "Wall, I declar'. How de time
scoots away ! An' yo' say she has
childruns ? Why how ole am tho
gal ? She mus' be jess about"
" Thirty-three."
" Am dat so? (counting), firty-free
firty-foah, Arty-five, firty-six, firty
seben, firty-eight, firty-nine, forty,
forty-one, forty-two, forty-three.
Hit am so singler dat you has sich
old childruns. I can't b'leeve you
has grandcjiildruns.v You don't
look more den forty years old
"Nonsense, old man, I see you
want to flatter me. When a person
gets to be fifty-three years old "
"Fifty-free? I jess dun gwinter
b'leeve hit, fifty-free, fifty-foah, fifty
five, fifty-six I want you to pay
tenshun when I counts de eggs, so
dar'li be no mistake fifty-nine,
sixty, sixty-one, sixty-two, sixty
free, sixty-foah Whew ! Dis am a
warm day. Dis anTde time ob year
when I feels I'se gettin' ole myse'f.
I ain't long fer dis world. You
comes from an die family. When
your fodder died he was sebenty
years ole."
" Seventy-two."
"Dat's old, suah. Sebenty-two,
sebenty-free, sebenty-foah, sebenty
five, sebenty-six, seben ty-seben, seb-enty-eight,
sebenty-nine and your
mudder ? She was one of de noblest
looking ladies I ebber see. You re
minds me ob her so much. She
libbed to mos' a hundred. I b'leeves
she was done passed a century when
she she died."
"No, uncle Mose, she was only
ninety-six when she died." 1
" Den she warn t no ehicken when
she died. 1 know that ninety-six,
ninety-seben, .ninety-eight, ninety
nine, one hundred, one, two, three,
foah, five, six, seben, eight dar 108
nice fresh eggs, jess nine dozen, and
here am one moah egg in case I has
discounted myse'f."
Old Mose went on his way re-
joicmg. A lew days afterwards
Mrs. Burton said to her husband :
" I am afraid we will have to dis
charge Matilda. I am satisfied she
steals the milk and eggs. I am
positive about the eggs, for I bought
them day before yesterday, and
now about half of them are gone.
I stood right there and heard old
Mose count them myself, and there
were nine dozen." Texas Sif tings.
A very interesting wedding occurred
over at Hock's Springs the other nightM
Ben Luther and Ida Grimes ran away
from the neighborhood where they hail
been reared and applied to young
Wilkinson, who recently accepted a call
to preach. The arrival of the runaway
couple soon became known, and quite a
number of young people gathered at the
school house where the ceremony was to
be performed. The preacher, upon arriv
ing, called Bill Fellers, to one side, and
said :
"Bill, I couldn't refuse to accommo
date that young couple, but to tell the
truth I don't know how to perform a
marriage ceremony. I was never married,
and I don't understand the perform
ance." "1 never saw anybody married,
either." Bill replied, "and I don't believe
there is anybody here that understands
" It won't do to disappoint them, for I
understand the girl's father is in pursuit.
Let's see, you were commissioned as a
justice of the peace the other day,
weren t you?
"Yes, but the papers didn't shed any
light on marriage ceremonies." ' -
"I don't know what to do about it,"
the young preacher continued. " They Ye
begun to grow restless, you see.
" WelL parson, I don't understand it
any more than 'you, but I am willing, if
you 11 help me kill. nogs next week, to
take the job. on your lianas. , .
. "All right."
Bill turned to the company and said :
" Ladies and gentlemen, we've met
here to engage in a very serious business.
This young couple (pointing) think they
ought to be married, and it ain't for me
to say they ought not. Young fellow,
have you got your license?"
"Yes, sir." ..
"All right. Hop out here, now."
The young couple advanced-
"Join hands." said Bill. "I would
like to say that the new ceremony just
approved by the governor has gone into
ettect. Those who have never seen this
ceremony performed will doubtless be
amused at its novelty, but I'll say right
here that all snickering will be treated
as contempt of court. Young man, what
is your business?"
" I am a farmer."
" Ah, hah ! How many rails can you
split in a day?
" Four hundred in good timber."
"Will you swear it?"
"Ye, sir."
"Hold up your right hand."
He held up his hand and was sworn
Bill continued:
"Are you a good hand to cover corn?"
"Yes, sir."
"Please say, 'Yes, your honor.'"
"Yes, your honor"
" that's right. How much can you
cover m a day?"
"Three acres, if the land's in good
"Will you swear it?" .
"Yes, sir." '
" Yes, your honor."
"Excuse me. Yes, your honor."
" Hold up your right hand."
And he was sworn again.
" What was the weight of the largest
bass you ever caught?"
" I don't remember exactly. About
five pounds, I reckon."
"Will you swear it?"
" No, your honor."
" All right. Are you willing to marry
this girl?"
" Yes, your honor. If I wa'n't 1
wouldn't have brought her here."
"That's what I thought," Bill medita
tively replied. "You love her, J
" Yes, your honor."
"How much?"
" Oh, I don't know. Ever so much."
"What did she say when you asked
"She said 'Ye?'."
"Glad to hear it."
" Now, youn t lady, will you advance
lritjcj iii rl rt &
aiivt moo vj& j uugwi
The girl hesitated a moment, but she
stepped up and kissed Bill.
' ' Do you love this tnan ? "
"Yes, sir."
" Yes, your honor."
The girl corrected her mistake.
. " How much do you love him ? "
" Lots." .
Glad to hear it. Please step forward
and kiss the judge."
Again she kissed him.
" Remember that you are under oath.
Did you ever love any one else?"
" Yes, your. honor."
" Why didn't you marry him ? "
" He didn't ask me." ,
" Please advance and kiss the judge."
" Look here, squire." 'said the would-be
bridegroom, "I believe we'd ruther be
married the old way."
" fhe , old way is repealed, i oune
lady, i how old are you?"
Look here, judge," said the now impa
tient' lover, "that's none of your busi
"Yes, it is. Young ladv, you will
please advance and kiss the judge."
"No, I'll be blamed if she shall!" ex
claimed the young man : " an', more than
that, this thing. has gone on far enough.
Now, I want to ask you a few questions.
Don't move." The young fellow whipped
out a pistol, and Bill's knees began to
thump each other. "Now, just stand
there. Did you ever see a bigger liar
than you are?"
"No, sir."
" No, colonel."
"No, colonel," Bill repeated.
"Wouldn't you steal if you got a
"Yes, colonel."
"That's what I thought. Now con
found you lead us to a preacher's house
pretty devilish quick. Come on, folks;
the fun ain't ended yet." Arkansaw
. Traveler.
WAGES IN 1800.
The condition of the wacres clas
of that day may well be examined;
it is lull ot instruction lor social
agitators. In the great cities Un
skilled workmen were hired by the
day, bought their own food and
found their own lodgings. But in
the country, on the farms, or wher
ever a band was employed on some
public work, they were fed and
lodged by the employer and giv,en a
few dollars a month. On the Penn
sylvania canals the diggers ate the
coarsest diet, were housed in the
rudest sheds and paid $6 a month
from May to November, and $5 a
month from November to May.
Hod carriers and mortar mixers,
diggers 'and choppers, who, from
1793 to 1800, labored on the public
buildings- and cut the streets and
avenues OfWashington city, received
$70 a year, or, if they ' wished, $60
for all the work they could perform
from March 1 to December 20. The
hours of work were invariably from
sunrise to sunset. Wages at Albany
and New York were three shillings,
or, as money then went, forty cents
a day; at Lancaster, $8 to $10 a
month; elsewhere in Pennsylvania
workmen were content with $6 in
Summer and $5 in Winter. At
Baltimore men were glad to be hired
at eighteen pence a day. None, by
the month, asked more than $6.
At Fredericksburg the price of labor
was from $5 to $7. In Virginia,
white men, employed by tho year,
were given sixteen pounds cur
rency; slaves when hired were
clothed and their masters paid one
pound a month. A pound Virginia
money was in Federal money $3.33.
The average rate of wages the land
over was, therefore, $65 a year,
with food and perhaps lodging,
Out of this small sum the workman
must, with his wife's help, maintain
his family.
Tom's father was a rich man, and
Tom lived in a large house in the
country. He had a pony and many
other nets and wore tine clothes.
Tom was very proud of all the fine
things his father s money Dougnt.
He becran to think that being rich
was better than being good. He
grew very rude and was cross to the
servants. Once he kicked Towser;
but the dog growled and Tom was
afraid to kick him again.
One day, when Tom was playing,
in the yard he saw a boy standing
by the gate, lie was ragged anu
dirtv: but he had a pleasant face.
In one hand he carried a pail half
full of blackberries.
" " Go away from here," said Tom,
running to the gate. " We are
rich; and we don't want ragged boys
"Please give me a drink," said
the boy, " if you are so rich you can
spare me a dipper ol water.
" We can't spare you anything,"
said Tom. "If you don't go away
I will set the dogs on you."
The bbv lauerhed and walked
away, swinging the pail in his hand.
"I think I will fret some black
berries.1 too " said Tom to himself.
He went out of the gate into a lane
leading XO a ineauuw wiicre uieie
were tdenty of berries.
Tom saw some fine, large ones
- m . -WW
growing just over a ditch, lie
thought he could leap over it very
easily. He gave a run and a very
big jump. The ditch was wider tnan
he had thought, and instead of
going over it, he came down in the
middle of it.
The mud was very thick and soft,
and Tom sank down in it to his
waist. He was very much fright
ened, and' screamed for help. But
1 11- - . a . -v
ne had not much hope that help
would come, for he was a long way
from any house. t
He screamed until he was tired.
He began to think he would have
to spend the night 111 the ditch,
when he heard steps on the grass.
Looking up he saw the ragged boT
he had driven from the gate.
" Please help me out, said Tom,
crying. " 1 win give you a dollar.
" 1 don t want the dollar, said
the boy, lying ' down flat on the
grass, lie held out Doth his hands
t ),Tom, and drew him out of the
Tom was covered with mud, his
hat was gone, and one shoe was
lost in the ditch. He looked very
"Who is dirty now?" - asked the
boy. , , , i
"Iam," said poor Tom: "but I
thank you very much for helping
me out of the mire- And, I am sor
ry X sent you away from the gate."
. " The next time I come perhaps
you will treat me better," said the
boy. "I am not rich, but I am
stronger than you are, and I think
I have better manners."
"I think so, too," said Tom.
The next day, when Tom saw
the boy gbing by the gate, he called
hmi in,' 'showed him , his rabbits,
doves and little ducks, and gave him
a ride on his pony.
" You have good manners now,"
said the boy. ' !
' '"Yes," said Tom, "I found them
in the ditch." Our Little Ones'.
i i
Think you are growing old, and
you will soon grow old.
Take your place obediently in the
groove long, made by custom for
people of middle age or a little past
it. Separate yourself entirely from
the young. Kegard with undisguis
ed contempt their lack of experience.
Scold at their mistakes with no ef
fort at conciliation or makjiig friends
with them. This with them will
give you your degree as "old fogy."
An "old fogy" may be simply a child
who has stopped his learning with
the idea that he "knows it all."
There are "old fogies" at twenty-five
as well as fifty. - '
t Kill all inclination 'O indulge in
what are called "youthful sports."
Learn not to run. Cultivate into your
limbs dignity, slowness, stinness.
Regard with serenity your slowly
escaping vigor, supleness and elas
ticity of muscle. Say it's the inev
itable way ot all flesh, and because
this has always been so with past
generations so it must always be
wiLh the coming ones.
Say to yourself: "It's a law of rut
ture that people must grow old, de
cay and wither when their time
comes." Just as our grandfathers
said, "Its 'agm natur that news can
be carried any faster than horse
flesh can carry it or that ships can
cross the ocean any faster than
wind and sails can carry them." Say
so to yourself: "Body and mind must
decay after a certain age, and itV
flying in the face of Providence even
to question that such decay can be
retarded if not prevented."
Don't recognize that every new
interest is as a tresh grip on hie and
that as we lose interest the grip re
laxes its hold. Let a child be so
kept that it learns absolutely noth
ing, not even a game or sport, and
note what an old face it will have at
twenty-one. Note as. ta outward
appearance of age at thirty-five, the
tolid, stupid day laborer, little bet
ter than an animated muscle for
moving heavy weights, and the in
tellectual man of refined tastes and
varied associations and pursuits, and
,see if the contrast there be a sugges
r - . . :
tion how the mind may keep the
body young.
Learn nothing new. Say it's now
too late and that all your dancing
days are over. Be ashamed of taking
up any new , study or pursuit, i Why?
Analyze you shame and you may
find that the lack ot skill character
izingyour first efforts puts you on
the same footing as the child. . But
you are not a child.. You are grown
up, full of years and vast experience
in that dignity, which assumes , to
know so much and really knows so
little. ,
r There are helps all around you to
Vssist you in growing old. Kind
friends from time to time k will com
ment on the appearance of a gray
hair or a line in your face, with! the
expression, in their Words, "Time to
begin to get ready for the grave.
Be convinced by them that is, as
they say. . ' ; i
Cease all attempt at reformation
or improvement in any direction.
If you have any manner of slipshod
or slovenly inclination, whether it
extend to dress or address or gait,
let it all go "by the run," as they
say at sea. Say to yourself: "All
that effort will do for a young man.
But it's no use for me at my time of
life. What time? Oh, say fifty or
fifty-five or sixty.
r ret a good deal and hate a good
deal. This will materially assist 'OU
rapidly to grow old and ugly.
In your eating and drinking study
only your palate. Regard all as
cranky or "crochetty" who talk of
eating for health .as well as for pleas
ure s sake. Prentice Mulford.
Cure for Biliousness.- The way
to get the : better of the bilious sys
tem without blue pills or quinine, is
to take the juice of one, two or
three lemons, as appetite craves, in
as much water as makes it pleasant
to drink without sugar, before going
to bed. In the morning, on rising,
at least half -an hour before break
fast, take the juice of oiie lemon in
a goblet of water. This will clear
the 'system of humor and bile with
efficiency, without any of the weak-
ening enects of calomel. , People;
should not irritato the stomach by
eating lemons clear; the ; powerful
acid of the juice, which is always
most corrosive, invariably produces
inflamation after a while, but prop-;
erly diluted, so that it does not
barn or draw the throat, it does its ;
medical work without harm,, andt
when the stomach fs clear of food,
has abundant opportunity to work i
over the system thoroughly.
Medical News. , ' .
Abstract of a paper read by Dr. O. W. Peck,
before the Hillside Horticultural Society, at
Oneouta, N Y
! t
Those .of us who are but'flittle past
middle, age recollect" that up to within
twenty years typhoid fever was a pre
vailing disease in the country in the late
Summer and Autumn'months. It would
appear in the same localities and in the
same families year after year. Nowr
happily, trde typhoid is of infrequent
occurrence, thanks to the dissemination
of sanitary knowledge. , ,
It is safe to say that one-third of the
deaths are fronvpreveritable causes. Also,
that one-half the sickness is from causes
likewise preventable. Filth in its vari
ous forms and hiding-places furnishes
the nidus in which are developed fj the
germs of certain destructive .and, well
recognized diseases. "While it ,is gener
ally conceded that unsanitary : surround
ings are likely to render diphtheria,
scarlet fever, measles and kindred dis
eases malignant and fatal in their char
acter, who shall say how large a percentage
of the thousand and one varieties of
invalidism of the country is due to the
presence of impure water or impure
atmosphere iii and about our homes?
One of the most important factors in the
preservation, of health is an inflowing
supply of good, pure water. A spring,
situated so as not 'to be exposed "to pol
lution either by the trespassing of ani
mals or surface . drainage, the water of
which is conducted to the house by pipes,
is a safe water supply. Some health
authorities consider a driven well, situ
ated as remotely as possible from any
s 3urce of contamination, the best source
ior obtaining drinking water. .
A driven well cannot always be had in
a desirable situation, and hence a dug
well will be a necessity. The latter
should be so situated as never to become
the receptacle of surface or under drain
age. If possible, have the well upon the
opposite side 01 the house Irom your
drains and vaults. A well "is really a
system of drainage of itself for a given
area of earth.
Pure air is an important factor in the
preservation of health. 1 It is important
that the cellar of the house should be
impervious to air and moisture. 4 To this
end, the bottom, and sides should be
cemented. Ground air is damp, and is
constantly being created in cellars not
impervious to it. When outside air is
heavy it crowds in Vapidly, and if the air,
is impure from passing through vaults dr
cesspools or ground saturated with
kitchen slops, it is dangerous j as it
becomes rarefied it ascends into the rooms
above. . ; 1
Decaying vegetables should never be
permitted to remain j in the , cellar. In
iact, vegetables should not be kept there."
From a sanitary point of view the cellar
should be the cleanest room in the housj.
Cellars should have ample ' facilities for
ventilation, and it is important that they
should be "clean and: whitewashed; thor
oughly f at : least every Spring , Not an
uncommon source of bad air in the open
drain, into which the dish-water, full of
organic mauer. is. convey ea irom me
kitchen - ' . ' . ; - Vv
At least four, incorporated towns in
Colorado aire at an altitude of over
9,000 feet above the sea'-W '' f

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