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The progressive farmer. [volume] (Winston, N.C.) 1886-1904, April 14, 1886, Image 3

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THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER, XPRTi: 14, 1886;
3
BOYHOOD'S DREAM.
j I sat by the flowing river,
Where we used to sit long ago
And watch our faces reflected
In the waters that murmured lelow.
As boys we wandered together
By the side of the rushing stream,
While its bubbles gladly resembled
The thoughts of each boyish dream
Ah, dear were the forms in the river
We saw in our boyhood's dream.
We thought as we sat and wondered
What we all should become when men
One hoped he might be field marshal
And lead us to glory again ;
Another would manage the helm,
The fate of his countrv to steer,
Not one, unambitious, contented,
Would live by the stream every year.
The time seemed so long while waiting
To gather the fruits of our dream ;
Now that the waiting is over
Too fleeting these moments all seem.
How gladly we all would return
To the river and dream agaim ;
By its bubbles again to ponder
On what we should do when men
Ah, dear were those forms in the river
We never shall witness again !
New Orleans Time.-Democrat.
STURDY INTEGRITY.
The "Life of Judge Jeremiah
Black,' recently published, contains
many interesting instances of his
indifference to wealth. His ijreat
powers and enormous energj' placed
him early in life in the foremost
rank of jurists, and as he held high
offices under Government, he had
every opportunity of acquiring a
large fortune. He " came out of
office with empty and clean hands."
When he had acquired a moder
ate income, sufficient to support his
family in a very simple way, he
was satisfied ; and after that, if money
came into his hands, he gave it away
with almost reckless indifference.
Some of the most important cases
he ever tried before the Supreme
Court were prepared and argued
without the payment, or the expec
tation of payment, of a dollar of
fees.
He was a member of the Conven
tion which revised the Constitution
of Pennsylvania. He gave a year
of time and his knowledge and
legal skill to the task. The Leg
islature empowered the members
to fix their own salaries, but Judge
Black declared the action by which
they paid themselves, illegal, and
was the only man who refused to
accept the money.
Shortly before his death, a party
of distinguished men in Philadel
phia were eulogizing his profound
knowledge, his massive intellect,
the tremendous force of his elo
quence. A shabby old farmer lis
tened in silence, and the l struck
his hand on the table :
"Gentlemen, I've knowed Jerry
Black as my neighbor nigh forty
years, and he's the only man I ever
saw as couldn't tell a lie."
Even in his death there was a
grand, rugged simplicity, which re
minds us of Plutarch's heroes.
" My business," he said quietly to
his family, "on this side is. at
somewhat loose ends. But on the
other it is all well settled."
After a while, holding the hand
of his old wife in his, he was heard
to whisper, "O God, take care of
Mary !" and so gently fell asleep.
The memory of such typical
Americans as Lincoln, Jeremiah
Black, Stonewall Jackson and Ben
jamin Franklin men of exceptional
intellectual force and simplicity,
heroic natures is the proudest pos
session of the nation. They not
only elevated the generation to
which they belonged, but they en
noble every child who hears their
story.
SELECTING EGGS FOR HATCH
ING. There is a great variety both in
the size and shape of eggs laid by
the different breeds of poultry, but
this is very little indication of the
size of the fowl which the egg will
produce. Bantams lay much smaller
eggs than ordinary- fowls, and ducks
larger ones, but it we take the fcpan-
ish tribe, which are almost the small
est in size of body (excepting Ban
I tarns and Hamburg,) they lay al
i most the largest eggs of any. On
the other hand lirahmas ana uocn
ins, which are the largest fowls, have
much smaller eggs than any other,
except those already named. What
we have said shows that the size of
the fowl and the size of the egg have
no regular relationship, and there
fore larger eggs than those usually
laid by the fowls should not be se
lected for hatching. Very large eggs
are generally double-yolked and un
fertile, or, if fertile, produce mal
formed chickens. The best and only
safe plan is to select ordinary-sized
eggs, refusing such as are abnormal
in any way. We have heard it sta
ted that long and pointed eggs pro
duce roosters, and, short round eggs
produce hens, but there is no proof
to warrant this supposition, and the
opposite has been so often shown
that it must be dismissed as incor
rect. We have also heard that eggs
laid before noon produce hens, and
after that time of the day cocks. It
has been said, and with a great
measure of probability, that the fer
tility of eggs can to told by placing
the large end to the mouth, and
breathing upon it. If the egg feels
cold it is unfertile, but if it is warm
and appears to give back warmth ,it
has been impregnated. The reason is
that a fertile egg contains the germ
of life and there can be no life with
out heat. We have known many
instances where this test has been
successfully applied, but of course it
cannot be relied upon in every case.
It is a fact, however, that after eggs
have been in process of incubation
for ten or twelve days and are ex
posed to the atmosphere five min
utes, the living and the dead can be
easily distinguished if held in the
hand. The former are as warm as
when the hen was on them, whilst
the latter are quite cold, or very
nearly so. Norfolk, Ya., Farmer and
Trucker.
HENS EATING EGGS
It is stated that the habit of eat
ing eggs is commonly learned early
in the season, and generally from'
having eggs freeze m the nest, and
then crack open. The fowls soon
learn to pick the meat out of a
cracked egg, and then to pick into
an egg that isn't cracked. Use
porcelain immitations for nest eggs,
and gather the eggs twice a day
during freezing weather. When
any fowl is caught eating an egg,
utter a reproof as sharp as the
edge of a hatchet, swung high to
tovvard heaven, and brought down
on the decapitation block with all
the force of your own right arm,-
even if it eternally divorces her
head from herbodv. It will effect u
ally stop her eating, and you can
immediately make arrangements to
commence eating.
ALL SORTS.
The money value of the fowls of
Fiance yearly is, eggs, 44,500,000;
fowls, $36,000,000.
A pet deer in a Sacramento saloon, be
coming frightened, jumped out through
a pane of glass seven inches wide by
thirteen inches long. The spectators
looked on in amazement, it seeming im
possible that so large an animal could
pass through a hole so small.
On Emperor William's anniversary
day, a pilgrimage of the imperial family
was made to a little oak cradle in which
the future emperor lay, just eighty
nine years ago. It- is still as good as
new and lately did service for the Kaiser'r
great-grandchildren, the sons of Prince
William.
The Duke of Portland has an
annual income of $1,250,000 from
London ground-rents alone, and the
Duke of Bedford one of $250,000
from the same source.
Learn About the Pulsk. Every in
telligent person should know how to
ascertain the state of the pulse in health;
then by comparing it with what it is
when he is ailing he may have some idea
of the urgency of his case. Parents
should know the health pulse of each
child, as now and then a person is born
with a peculiarly slow or fast pulse and
the" very case in hand may be of that
peculiarity. An infant's pulse is 140, a
child of 7 about 80 and from 20 to 60
years is about 70 beats a minute declin
ing to 60, at fourscore. A healthful,
grown person's pulse beats 70 times a
minute, there may be good health down
to 60 but if the pulse exceeds 70 there is
a disease. The machine is working
itself out, there is a fever or inflamma
tion somewhere, and the body is feeding
on itself, as in consumption, when the
pulse is quick, that is over 70, gradually
increasing with ; decreased chances of
cure, until it reaches 110 to 120, when
death comes before many days.
Mr. Frank Cross says the wheat
in Silver Hill Township is looking
fine. Davidson takes the lead on
furnishing fruit tree agents. David
son men are canvassing every State
bordering on North Carolina.
It is said that there is occasionally
seen in the neighborhood of Clem
monsville a buzzard that is not re
markable in appearance except that
one of its legs seems to be stiff, and
is perfectly straight when his buz
zardship is flying. For twenty
five or thirty years, this stiff-legged
bird has been noticed in tha
country. It is said that for many
years before the war, he was fre
quently seen, and that the negroes
always looked upon him as a " bird
of evil," and invariably looked for
bad luck shortly after his visits.
For age, he is ahead of any bird in
the circle of our acquaintance. Our
information comes from a truthful
citizen of that neighborhood.
Davidson Dispatch.
Texas don't seem large enough
to hold our good North Carolina
people. J. S. Atkins and W. T.
Milton, with their families, returned
last week to Stanly county. The
Oldell Factory is the largest factory
of the kind in the State. It heads
the list with 294 looms; It manu
factures enough plaids every year
to give every woman and child in
North Carolina a dress,, with a few
yards left for patching. More
buildings were erected in Concord
last fall than ever before in one
year. There don't seem to be any
perceptible abatement in the build
ing boom, either. The number of
brick buildings in prospect show
that Concord is in the flood-tide of
business activity.
The discussion of the prohibi
tion question is already being ex
tensively indulged in among the
colored element of this city. The
first pea blossom of the season was
laid upon our table Monday even
ing by Mr. R. A. Creech whose
father has six acres under cultiva
tion. There was a large number
of farmers of this section in the
city Saturday to attend the farmers'
meeting.
We are triad to see that
our fanners are beginning to. rec
ognize the necessity and great
utility of concert of- action among
their class. Ere long we expect to
see a farmers' club flourishing in
every township in the county.
Goldsboro Argus.
The wheat has made fine prog
ress durincr the warm weather.
The mountain wagons are bringing
large quantities of maple sugar to
market these days. It is made in
the sugar-maple forests of Mitchell,
Watauga and Ashe, and retails
readily here at from 10 to 12 cents
per pound. Snow is still drifting
in some of the mountain roads, and
there was a fresh snow-fall on some
of the higher mountains early in
last week, which accounts for the
cold winds of Monday and Tues
day. Our Boone correspondent
states in another column that there
have been thirty-nine snow-falls in
that town during the winter. It
will be remembered that Boone is in
the very heart of the Alleghanies,
and has the greatest elevation of
any county seat east of the Missis
sippi. Lenoir Topic.
A BUSHEL OF CORN.
Says the Chicago News : "Do you
see that man over there ? Well, he's
a farmer. There he goes with a friend;
they're going to get a drink. The
farmer will pay for it. Now, let me
see. That man will sweat two mor
tal hours next spring to plow enough
ground to raise one bushel of corn.
That bushel of corn he will sell for
thirty cents. He is going in there,
now to spend the thirty cents for
two drinks. Therefore, the farmer
and the corn have parted. Now let
me tell you what becomes of the
corn. A bushel of corn makes sev
enteen quarts of whiskey four and
a quarter gallons. The distillery gets
its first profit forty cents a gallon.
There you are ; $2 for that bushel of
corn. Now the government corner
in, ninety cents a gallon $3.85, ad
ded to the $2 makes $5.85. That
brings the product of the bushel of
corn to the jobber and the whole:
saler, and finally, by several stages,
to the retailer. By the time it reaches
the latter the bushel of corn, or its
product of four and a quarter gal
lons, has been reduced one-half,
which means eight and a half gal
lons. There are 'sixty drinks to
the gallon- that is the average-height
and a half gallons means 270
drinks at fifteen cents each there
we have $46.35 as the consumer's
price for a bushel of corn which the
farmer raises and sells for thirty
cents. Who says there is no indus
try in this country ? But the far
mer we saw just now spent his whole
bushel of corn in the price of two
drinks, and the people who do not
till the soil get away with $46.35.'
SHE WAS PERFECTLY LOVELY.
" What do you think of Miss
?" asks the blonde young
angel as she looks so good-naturedly
into your eyes, with every admira
tion for the young lady, because she
wants to find how you stand on the
subject.
" Oh, I don't know. I've never
thought much about her-"
" I think she's so sweet and bright;
and she is verv clever, is she not?"
" Well, she's very nice, and she's
rather a clever woman."
a That was a lovely poem she
wrote, wasn't it ?"
"To be 'frank, I didn't read it.
What was it about ?"
"Well, I didn't read it myself,
but I heard them talking about it.
I did not think she was particularly
clever."
" I don't think she is."
" And she puts on so many airs.
I think clever people are always
modest."
And the dear fraud looks at you,
as much as to say, " Don't you think
I'm modest?"
" Some of them."
"Don't you think she's pretty?"
" Well, no; her nose is too long."
"Yes, and her chin's out of pro
portion, and you know, of course,
she has a very bad complexion.
They say she's pretty, and bright,
and clever, but, of course, I only
speak for myself; I never saw any
thing to keep so much fuss about
in her."
And she's got everything she
wanted to say off her mind and she's
perfectly happy.
THE MORTGAGE SYSTEM.
The mortgage system is a gigan
tic evil which is crushing the very
life blood out of the hearts of the
toiling sons of the soil, and shed
ding its withering and blighting in
fluences over every nook and cor
ner of our land. Wherever this
system prevails, the farmers become
hewers of wood and drawers of
water. The mortgager is virtually
the slave of the mortgagee. The
accommodating "time merchant"
exacts of his poor neighbor an op
pressive and burdensome rate of
interest. In the beginning of the
year it is long time and long prices.
In the end it is short crops and short
prices, and the scene closes in bank
ruptcy and financial ruin.
LIVELY TIMES
-AT-
m
I III
Where James F. Fulton, of Stokes County,
W. P. Reid, of Winston, and Miss Bettie
Traynham, of Davidson County, are
giving every attention to the wants
of their many friends.
GKOCKKY DKPABTMKNT:
Full line of Syrups, Molasses, Meat, Lard, Fish,
Sugars, CoSees, and Fancy Groceries.
G KN Kit AL M KhTH A N I )ISE :
Dry Goods, Hats, Shoes, Confecti neries. Wood
en and Willow Ware, Glass Ware, Drugs,
Spices, &c, &c.
Also Agent for the celebrated
ACJOTIO CHDrAJNO'.
for growing fine YELLOW TOBACCO. Gives
universal satisfaction. Price, cash 4.00 ;
On time $4.50.
He sincerely thanks his friends for their lib
eral patronage in tne past, ana Dy square aeac
ing, low prices and strict attention to their inter
pate he hones to merit a continuance of their pa
tronage. He means exactly what he says, when
he invites you to give mm a can. o-u.
jome Insurance jompaiiY,
OF RALEIGH, N. C,
IS AGAINST LOSS BY FIRK.
This Company has been
in successful operation
for Sixteen Years.
W. S. PRIMROSE, President.
W. G. UPCHURCH, Vice Pres.
CHAS. ROOT, Sec. and Treas.
P. COWPER, Adjuster.
Feb. l0-lv. f , i
TO
NORTH
CAROLINA
INSURt
RICHMOND AND DANVILLE RAILROAD CO.
PIEDMONT AIR-LINE ROUTE.
Condensed Schedule in effect Jan. 8, '86.
Trains Run by 75 Meridian Time.
SOUTH BOUND Daily.
No. 50. No. 52.
Lve New York 12 00 n't 3 40 pm
" Philadelphia 7 20 am 6 03 "
" Baltimore 9 50 " 9 00 "
" Washington 1115" 11 00 "
u Car'tesville 3 45 pm 2 55 am
" Lvnchburg 6 10 " 5 15 "
" Richmond 3 25 ' 2 (X) "
" Burkeville 5 20 4 05 "
" Kevsville..... 6 05 4 43 "
" Drakes Branch.. 6 20 " 4 59 "
" Danville 9 25 " 3 04 "
" Goldsboro 11 45 am
" Raleigh 5 00 pm
" Durham 6 07 "
" Chapel Hill 4 55 "
" Hillsboro 0 47 "
" Greensboro 11 21 " 9 50 "
" Salem 55 " 6 50 "
" High Point 11 55 " 10 19 "
" Salisbury 1 10 am 11 23 "
" Concord. 1 57 " 11 59 "
" Charlotte 3 00 " 1 00 pm
" Spartanburg.... 5 56 " 3 34 "
" Greenville 7 14 " 4 49 "
" Atlanta 1 40 pm 10 40 "
NORTHBOUND Daily.
No. 51. No. 53.
pm 8 40 am
Ar. Greenville 12 15 am 2 30 pm
" Spartanburg 11 33 am 3 43 pm
" Charlotte 5 00 am 6 25 pm
" Concord '5 55 am 7 52 pm
" Salisbury 6 39 am 8 01 pm
" High Point 7 58 am 9 08 pm
" Greensboro 8 30 am 9 35 pm
" Salem 11 40 am 1 17 am
" Hillsboro 11 39 am
" Durham 12 13 pm
" Chapel Hill....! 2 45 pm
" Raleigh 1 20 pm
" Goldsboro 4 40 pm
" Danville 10 36 am 11 28 pm
" Drakes Branch 1 03 pm 2 42 am
" Keysville 1 20 pm 3 05 am
" Burkeville 2 00 pm 2 57 am
" Richmond 4 07 pm 7 00 am
" Lynchburg 1 50 pm 2 10 am
" Char'tesville.... 4 20 pm 4 30 am
" Washington 9 15 pm 8 40 am
" Baltimore 11 25 pm 10 03 am
" Philadelphia.... 3 00 am 12 35 pm
" New York 6 20 am 3 20 pm
Daily except Sunday.
SLEEPING-CAR SERVICK
On trains 50 and 51, Pullman Buffet
Sleeper between Atlanta and New York.
On trains 52 and 53, Pullman Buffet
Sleeper between Washington and New
Orleans, Washington and Aiken. Pull
man Sleeper between Richmond and
Greensboro.
Through tickets on sale at principal
stations to all points.
For rates and information apply to any
agent of the company, or to
C. W. CHEARS,
Asst. Genl. Pass. Agent.
E. B. THOMAS,
Genl. Manager.
RICHMOND, VA.
With Cotton at Eight a: & a M Cent, Too?
Crops and Bad Prices
WHAT SHALL BE DONE I
Raleigh, N. C, Feb. 1, 1885.
The situation of our Farmers, and
more especially of those in the Eastern
Counties, is a serious one. With cotton
at 8i cents and everything else in the
same proportion, it is doubtful whether
our people can make cotton at all
with the old method. Thousands of
thoughtful men all through the
South are considering earnestly this
question: WHAT SHALL BE DONE?
With prices of their products way down
and the prices of all they buy not re
duced in the same proportion, what
shall be done to feed the family, buy
clothes and send the children to school
during this New Year ? All this time
sensible men are cutting down every ex
pense and resolving that they will make
more at home. Milk, meat, vegetables
must be made in larger quantities and
groceries saved ; corn, oats and grass
must be provided for the horses, cows
and hogs. High-priced fertilizers and eve
ry extra thing are-entirely out of the
question. The wise man will buy - the
cheapest and best ingredients only and
make fertilizers at home this year;
At this time, THE NORTH CAROLI
NA PHOSPHATE COMPANY, en ex
clusively North Carolina Company, work
ing nothing but North Carolina material,'
wants to inform the prudent men just
described how they can help themselves
and help a home enterprise by buying
LIME PHOSPHATE, the cheapest Phos
phate ever sold in North Carolina. It is
to the interest of every farmer in North
Carolina to write to the NORTH CARO
LINA PHOSPHATE COMPANY at
Raleigh, N. C, and learn how to save
money and make a good fertilizer that
will make a good crop at a very low
price.
l-3ms. ; .
W. H HUGHES, .
Dealer in
CHINA,: rROCKERY,- -GUSSWflSF
Lamp. Table C itlery, Hllver P Hied Ware,
Refrl gen tor. Tea Trinr, nil Move. c ,
3 9 Fayettevitte Street, Raleigh. JVr (
l-3m

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