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i i j ii u u 1 1 j u v v ii a. . u . ii ii i m n i -its, i . ' - i-i ,r 1 1 i v i a.; i i iiatKnnnnii i i ujl ii i v -v P.F.DUFFY, .ASSOCIATE- c 'M? $2.00 FOR ONE YEAR. $1.00 FOR 6 MONTHS POST-PAID. Invariably in Advance i ; - , i 1 ' 1 Subscribers will be notified two weeks before their time expires and if they do not renew the paper will be stopped promptly. Liberal inducements to clubs. Active agents wanted in every county, city town and village in the State., write for terms. Money at our risk, if sent by registered letter or money order. , Advertising Rates quoted on application. , On all matters relating to the paper, , - , , f r '. Address ! . ? j 1 J ' M OuxJi THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER, ? ' v w Winston, N. C. j .-f . . o ; : To Correspondents. : Write all communications, designed for pub lication, on one side of the paper. Rejected communications will be numbered and filed, and the author will be notified. Ii not applied for in 30 days they will be de stroyed. To secure their return postage must be sent with the applicatiou. Answers to en- UUlilcB Will JXs lliUUC iui.vsu.gu vu , vvja dents Column." when it can be done with pro priety. We want inteligent correspondents in every county in the State. We want facts of value, results accomplished of value, experi ences of value, plainly and briefly told. One solid, demonstrated fact is worth a thousand Address all communications to ; ' ' ' ' '' The Progressive Farmer, Winston, N.C. ton, tf CrJtuer. 23, f If 6. I I i -4 1 . 1 1 rrr. f, , ; t er entered as second class 'matter at uu Post Office in Winston, JV. C THE CROSS MARK. 1 The cross mark on your paper in dicates that the time for which you subscribed. JhasJor: is. about to expire. It is to give notice so your subscrip tion may be renewed. If the sub scription be hot renewed the name will be dropped from the list, but we want every one to renew and bring a friend along too. See bur offer to give The Pro gressive Farmer one year and the Patch Corn Sheller for four dollars. This is the best sheller for the money in .America. It ! is guaranteed and will give entire satisfaction Send in your orders at once. '- --A fruit fair, will -be held in Fayette ville August 4th and 5th. -The House of Representatives last Thursday passed a, bill . appropriating $80,000 for the construction a govern ment building at Ashville, in this State. '-r-P, II. Winston, Sr., an eminent citi zen of North Carolina, died at his resi dence at Windsor, in Bertie county, on (Monday, ..14th inst., after an illness, of three'.years.'.'"'';"!'.' ;l-i-rThe town of Sljeffieid, Mass., claims to have issued a declaration of independ ence on January- 12th, 1773, over two years prior to the Mecklenburg, N. C, declaration. ' ' : The first wheat of the crop of this yWr arrived in Baltimore on the 16th inst. from the Rappahannock region of Virginia.; It was an inferor lot and sold for 80 cents a bushel. .i'.-rrThe. .city, .of, Lynchburg, :Va., has voted $250,000 to the Lynchburg,-Halifax, and.. North Carolina railroad,, to run from Lynchburg to Durham. Work will begin at once. v ; V1 ' 5 Bacon and Gordon on the stump as rival candidateis for the I)efnocratic. gub ernatorial nomination, continue to make things lively in Georgia. - The town of Vancouver, at the termi nus, of the pacific Canadian railway, was destroy ed -by fire on the 35th inst. put of 500 , houses' not a fhalf dozenrremaim Ten persons lost ttheir lives. It is proposed to hold a convention of Northern settlers in North Carolina at Raleigh during the next State Fair. The ooject of the convention is to give en couragement to : Northern people con templating moving to the South. Senator Jones, of Florida," still holds the lines in Detroit, "! Mich, laying siege to that obdurate spinster.- 'In the mean time his seat in the Senate remains va cant, as it has been since the beginning of jthe session of Congress..."'.. ...i M .. ..i - " ' ' --The police- force of East St. ':Lbuis mu?t be, a badly demoralized set. They, have been discharged because of the dis covery of a conspiracy between them and several noted 'burglars torob the . town and divide the plunder- ; i. " The Greensboro Patriot informs 'us t&iiwo lititle boys between three and sent, to jail ones was is hot stated, lut when it comes to 'sending ' children1 "three br fouf years, of agef tb'Sail it-looks like carrying justice otHe extreme. ; .xvi'ta .1' .7 I hi it pap the Superior' GoUrt in Greens rxro,1; were . What the crime of these little Senator Vance's bill for the ; repeal of the Civil Service act was ' defeated m : the Senate last Friday by a vote of 6 " Htinue the Senate last Friday by a vote of 6 to 3& Against. 1 ' ' Messrs. Louis Basrffer & Co.,blicit ors of Patents, Washington, DC, write us that twenty-nine patents wre granted to Southern inventors, bearing date of June 15th, 1886. - Wmtield . Thompson, , 01 Jansas City, Mo., terminated a bridal tour in New York City by shooting hia wife in . 1 1 m 1 1 . . t T ? ' ! ' f tne oacR 01 tne neaa ana sencung four bullets into himself. ... .t. ... i ' 1 - - We are in receipt of the premium list for the North Carolina tate 1 Fair, beginning October 26th to .39th inclu sive, ' The premiums amount in the ag gregate to over $6,000. ; Ludwig, the crazy King of Bavaria, who was recently dethroned when out walking on the 14th, inst., accompanied by his physician, threw himself into a lake and was drowned. The physician was drowned in attempting xo rescue him- ; - - - 1 ' .J The National Convention of Ameri can Nurserymen was in session in Wash ington City last week. S. Otho jWilson, J. Van Lindley and G. S. Anthony were present from -North Carolina. Mr. J. Van Lindley was chosen Vice-President for our State.' The next annual frieeting will be held in Chicago. , The town of Monroe having voted for piohibition, the pliysicians met and issued notice to the public that they would not prescribe spirits for people who may. be thirsty j and in' no; case un less to those who were really under treat ment. They propose to deal squarely with the public and the druggists Miss Tabitha Holton, a native of Guilford county, died at her home in Yadkin county on the 14th inst. feome years ago, after a very creditable ex amination, she was licensed to practice law by the Supreme Court of this $tate, while Judge Pearson was Chief Justice. Slie was the first woman in the South to whom license was granted. j Mr. Gladstone in' his temporary de feat is proving that, the title of "grand old man J' has 'not been mistakenly, con ferred. With heroic resolve he goes be fore the British people and pleads for justice to misgoverned Ireland Ie s building well, aiid victory is sure to come whether he live to" achieve it or pot. The House of Representatives on list Thursday refused to take up for con sideration Mr. Morrison's tariff bill by a vote of 157,riays to 140 yeaSjAll the mem bers from North Caotina,fexceptC'Hara, colored RepublioinfToreonslera tiom MKl Reid was 'absent tut (paired with an opponent of the bill. t The Richmond 4& Iy.iUea1hxad company has purchased the large build ing in Washington formerly the office of the National Republican. , The building will be fitted up as headquarters for the officers of the company, and an apart ment will be especially arranged; frhe display of the mineral, wood, grain and other resources of the Southern country through which its lines run.j r - - ; A V - -r'i ) ! V'l il i I t An act has Tbeen passed by the New York Legislature and signed bv the Gov ernor, limiting imprisonment for debt in that state to six months. Alt prisoners in Ludlow, street jail who have been con fined six months are to be! released. There are men in that jail who' have been imprisoned so long that their, friends, if they ever had any,, had forgotten that they were alive. , , -.- . The proceedings of the Farmers' Clubs which appear in ' these columns from week to week are attracting much attention from t papers in thej State, and some of jthe leading agricultural journals of the country. The Newberij Journal of 15th inst. makes the discussioli on tobac co culture, by Cedar Grove 1 Club, the subject of a leading editorial, m which it commends the good sense bfithe mem bers of that' club in resolving to diversify their crops. . ' ? t A superabundance of rain during the past six weeks has greatly retarded the farmers in the cultivation jof their crops. The overilow of bottom lands; has materially damaged the corn and. otliev crops .grooving, on' them. Grass on hill and bottom is growing vigorously Oats, much better andl jtlfeQivlieat crop much shorter than was expected some weeks ago. ': r Tobacco - shows the. i damageon' some land . bya too rapid Vgrqwth rpn others from ; the presence of too? iuch! water-on all from too much grass, with ; the v prospect of r material f iiijuryi in - the event of droughty which is 'not improb able. M fF WASTIN For eleven years the University of i ortn uaronna nas Dee n appropria ting to its own use the sum of $7,500 -r " ii f ' 1 1 1 ' 1 ' ' . ' : - a year, amounting m tnes aggregate (not counting inteft-est) .to $82,500. This monev belongs to the farmers and mechabics of Korth Carolina, and its use, ks now applied, is in di rect conflict with the purpose and condition upopk which . the grant from which the rund accrues was made. The fjimsy pretense of jiisti- ncation tor this use ot money:wnicn does not belong to the University is, that there is an "agricultural col lege" in connection with and a part of it. It is so stated at least in sthe catalogue of the University where the so-called college is seen (in the catalogue) lor the first time alter 11 vears ot incubation. A lontr, very long hatching period for such a lit tle chicken. We have, without, how- ever, mtenaing any uisrespeci; io the gentlemen who preside over the university, pronounceu ine assertion that there is an agricultural college at Chapel Hill, in the sense intended by Congress or the State, when the iana aonation was accepteu, a snam and a dishonest pretense, j ljet us see. The act of Congress prescribes that the land scrip shall be used for the establishment ot colleges where agricultural and mechanical instruc tion shall be the leading features, and so also the act of the North Carolina Legislature accepting the grant pro vides. Have we such a college at Chapel Hill? Have we, or have we naa during tnese eleven years one single student within the walls of the University who is being, or has been,. especially instructed and train ed for work on the farm or in the shop?, We hazard the ..assertion that there hasn't been, and is not one, and we don't hazard much iii doing so. There are farmers' sons there, doubtless, and mechanics' sons, perhaps, as there have been in other years, and they hear lectures on chemistry, botany, entomology, and on other subjects directly or in directly connected with the farm, as they probably did years ago, and as is done in nil first-class colleges, before the ''agricultural college" was heard of, or dreamed of. Agricul rural instruction proper is not given simply because it can't be. A boy can't be taught how to plow, to plant, to sow or to reap, without the ground fo Vlo it on nor the imple ments to do it with. As well underr take to teach astronomy without a map Of the heavens, or the heavens themselves, as to train boys for the farm or the shop without a farm or a shop. ' , The fouhdeis of the agricultural college in Mississippi, one of the most successful of the 47 institutions of the kind in the Union, did not be lieve iii mere theoretical instruction alone when they began their splen did work. They believed that the training of head and" hand should go together to make the fully equipped farmer. In the history of the pro gress of the college they say: '"It seems that a large class of peo ple desire the young men of the State to combine labor with theo retical instruction, and this is cor rect 'yhen boys are to be educated for farm life. , This training should be in connection with a farm, were industrious habits already obtained may be .preserved, or given to those not having them. Study for four years without the habit of manual labor creates a disinclination fi r work, and telulsto separate brain work and manual labor, giving dis credit to the latterT The development of bur agricultural interests necessi tates that theory ' and practice go together in the education of ' the farmer."; ; ' ; : - 4 This " is pretty good authority, coming, as it does, from men who have achieved a national reputation as agricultural teachers, if authority? were needed . to enioree a truth so patent to every thinking, sensible 1 But the : ; gentlemen who ' hav charge1 of the University at Chapel liiil . seem to think that they- can conduct an agriculturarcollege,i oi something which they call an agricul tural college, without a farm, a plow, a h'oej or seed to plant. .Tbey ;seem to think that an agricul tural lecture on some agrlcultuitopic filirtEeTSir es'lflie farnjer, pybfleIEey $7;500 aear1 as"tng value usethe put upon.these lectures. It may be'alleged,' iind "probably will be,' that- f practical' instruction1 cannot' be' given at Chapel Hili; be cause'thd Stated ' has1 rn6t ma3e -provision for the purchase of a farm and the erection" of necessary buildings. This h a vcry:ood, reason vihyj practical instruction us noi but it is not a good reason for justification ot t&e conuuuj fhA 7 f00 aVear without sent of the farmeis,' to whom it be longs, or without rendering a fair and honest equivalent:; That is what we object to, and that is why we en ter these pro tests: This money should be funded for the farmers, so that at some ; day they may have an :. agri cultural ! college in : fact,! and not a mere pretense.. r': :; '' The plain, unvarnished, truth is, this money has been ! used for all these years, not for the benefit of the farmers' sons, but for the benefit of the ; University, and it is now so used. : ' ;5: ..v-. -:'' As pertinent ito the point under consideration we reproduce a letter written by Gen. Stephen ; -D. Lee, President of the Agricultural College of Mississippi, to the Farmers' Advo cate, at St. Paul, Minnesota, in reply to some inquiry as to the method ot conducting the collegeJ He says: ! "We have so far for :th e. sessions of 1885-6, a total of 360 students. The key to the success in an agricul tural college is to loyally carry out the spirit of the Federal 'law organ izing them; (viz: 'to' benefit Agricul ture and the Mechanic Arts,' and, not to aid other colleges, whose bias are in the line of literary, ". classical or general education. These insti tutions are loyal to other objects and they smother the agriultural schools attached. In fact a student who enters to become a farmer rand be instructed in that school, is generally ridiculed out of it and pointed to brain development and culture, as the only honorable education. It is an indisputable fact that in such in stitutions enjoying the proceeds oi the land scrip fund .'to benefit agricul ture and mechanic arts,, there are no students being- benefited I in the direction, intended by the federal law. l am thereioro or the opinion the farmers should insist that this fund be used as intended, and in a separate college put in hands loyal to their interests and enjoying their sympathy and encouragement. ! No college can benefit a class without enioyinc: its confidence. The tech nical training in an agricultural col lege loyally administered, will pro duce like results to that obtained at West Point, Annapolis, Medical Col leges, Engineering Colleges, etc., ad ministered in their different inter eats. Testimonials enclosed show that our Mississippi college enjoys the conhdence oi the tanners. The State Grange endorses it every year, and! demands that it be supported, as do the other agricultural socie ties." ' OUR SCHOOLS. In his address at the Salem Acad emy Commencement last Thursday, Senator Vance congratulated his hearers on the progress which North Carolina was makinjr, in nothing more forcibly illustrated than in the. attention which was everywhere in the State being given to the subject of education, and in the gratifying success of her schools. This is true, and it is something of' which the people of North Carolina may justly feel proud. ; No year within our re: collection have the schools shown to better1 advantage, ; nor; the people shown more interest in them. : The commencements everywhere have been unsually largely attended, and the exercises have more than ! met popular expectation. " The State Un i versi ty , i Wake Forest, Tri n i ty and Davidson colleges had a: full at- tendence . througliout -the -year, and eack sent-outr to, the, TVipus avoca tions of life its quota of graduates. The same may beiaid of the female seminaries rat Salem, v Greensbqro, Raleighf and .Charlottel ,Th3 pre paratory ? - or k intermediat6 , schools. iiKe. gingham's, New Garden. .Oak Dale, Oak Ridges Renter's, King'sj Mountain, , La Grange,, and othera that ... we might .mention, .maleand iemaie, nave done a gooa work,,, and rospered. ; And so, .too, have .pur, raded schools: in Winston, -Greens- ro, Lharlotte, Goidsboro and other, owns, done well, and: last but not least,:, good report - comes .from . the common schools of 'tho. Stntft whifh, "have been well attended and are crow. ug iu iavor, popuiarityfj and useiul- bess. The teachers and scholars are to. be congratulated, but North Caro-5 Mina is to be congratulated even more- un inis progressive . movement and lUDjjiuuius uuuea yn,u,.wn!cn!iL is ! ; rr-The burntdisMciri .Wilming ton is being rapidly rebuilt,.? i , ; tbfc THE YARMERS' ALUANCP ll FARMERS' ALLIANCE, Alliance which is originated about ars airo, is afctv-w.; ' much attention. It now nujni about 2,000 amances, with, a mem bership of 75,000. It is strietly a business orgamzation--coHgrj)eirative in principle A,The ;mairvo1)j,ect is t0 protect its.m0mbersifsales of erops and in purchasefsupplies,. by 8ei. ing direct to cjoiiivumers or inanufar turers, thus saving) themselves the" heavy commissionsspaid to. divert middlemen, and by purchasing jn bulk, thus saving the profits hereto fore paid to dealers wheeath fhr. mer bought in small qua titii ties. Their motto is, "Keep out of ( buy; in bullc, and from first hands', and avoid the iron-clad mortgage There is a bookful of sense crammed into these few lines, and every far mer, whether he lives in Texaw 0r anywhere else, should commit them to memory. The farmer should when it is possible, avoid debt as he would avoid fire. As the result of his labor is dependent to a great extent upon conditions and contin gencies which he cannot control he don't know whether he will be able to meet his obligations when they mature or not, and if adversity come he is at the mercy of his c red itor. He plows his fields, plants his crops; the season . may be favorable to germination of seed or not. They may grow; off all right and promise Vell, and . then the bug. or fly, may destroy or, too much rain bury them in grass, or too much sun parch them, floods wash pr . winds -destroy, so th!at the farmer is never certain that heV is going to reap what he sows; but the, debt stares him in the face wiether;he reap or not, and the im placable creditor must be met. If it isfclinched with a mortgage and the creditor insists, then s ruin comes. Wje have known farmers to contract sinali debts that they thought they cOjUld pay without trouble, which took them years to pay, because of uninticipated crop failures or low prices. It ( is better, far better, to pull along and go without son e tilings that are bought on credit, feel independent, and feel that what you jraise, whether it be little or much, is yours, and not somebody else's. "Sell j to manufacturers and consumers, and buy in bulk from first parties." The planters , and , farmers of the South, as well as of the.jNprth, have lost millions of, dollars .annually by their shiftless,, unbusiness-like way of selling and buying. . They have no more to do with fixing the prices of what they sell or buy than they do with regulating the phazes of the inoon. They helplessly let the buyer and the seller do that for them, say ing what they will give or what they will take. ,; There is no more reason why the ; planter, or; farmer should not fix a price upon , his cotton, to bacco, grain, beef or pork, than that the buyer or sellei; , should , fix the purchase price, and . then also fix the price when , be' ' sells back to the planter or farmer that same cotton, and tobacco, in manufactured form, or that same grain reduced to flour, or that beef or pork, on all of which at both ends of the trading process the intermediate dealers must have their profitsrr and .they ;all get more than lhe .planter :or farmer does. Th at is th e way they live, and while the, men of the plovy , continue to do business in the, old; sway, they must continue (o pay these profits, and be content , ?with little , or no t profits themselves, . .Organizations like the Farmers' Alliance, and the Farmers' CIuljs now being :rorganized ; in this State, are. fringing . these matters prbminently beforo the planters and farmers of the South,' and, are point ing theway out of the darkness into the ightj if the toilersinhe field will but. stand r( together,- and work together; as-men; in other avocations do. ' 1 r !ti i Some admirin g newspaper man hav mg suggested .the name of GeorgeJVVrasl1" ington iChilds, proprietor of the- Phila delphia Ledger, for then Presidency, Mr. Childs rises to remark that while he fully appreciates the 'honor, he. ; would not touch ' the I Presidency with" a forty-foot pole,5 alfegorically speaking; ' He regards CQnventions as 1 very uncertain bodies to fool with,' but adds that jf a nomination were certain '4he would not take it. 1Ie doubtless cohcJutles,that Ja handsomely paying newspaper is a- better thing than four, .year torture in the f White House. pri the. whole. Hr. i Childs . is eminently level-leaded; and he is happy; assail truly X v " Ml Uai fnn- fihnnt tWO; TB good and virtuous newspaper men arc . it . - ?