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The progressive farmer. [volume] (Winston, N.C.) 1886-1904, June 23, 1886, Image 4

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i i j ii u u 1 1 j u v v ii a. . u . ii ii i m n i -its, i . ' - i-i ,r 1 1 i v i a.; i i iiatKnnnnii i i ujl ii i v -v
$2.00 FOR ONE YEAR. $1.00 FOR 6 MONTHS
Invariably in Advance
i ; - , i 1 ' 1
Subscribers will be notified two weeks before
their time expires and if they do not renew the
paper will be stopped promptly.
Liberal inducements to clubs.
Active agents wanted in every county, city
town and village in the State., write for terms.
Money at our risk, if sent by registered letter
or money order. ,
Advertising Rates quoted on application.
, On all matters relating to the paper, , - , , f r
'. Address ! . ? j 1 J ' M
' v w Winston, N. C.
j .-f . . o ; :
To Correspondents. :
Write all communications, designed for pub
lication, on one side of the paper.
Rejected communications will be numbered
and filed, and the author will be notified. Ii
not applied for in 30 days they will be de
stroyed. To secure their return postage must
be sent with the applicatiou. Answers to en-
UUlilcB Will JXs lliUUC iui.vsu.gu vu , vvja
dents Column." when it can be done with pro
priety. We want inteligent correspondents in
every county in the State. We want facts of
value, results accomplished of value, experi
ences of value, plainly and briefly told. One
solid, demonstrated fact is worth a thousand
Address all communications to ;
' ' ' ' '' The Progressive Farmer,
Winston, N.C.
ton, tf CrJtuer. 23, f If 6.
I I i -4 1 . 1 1
rrr. f, , ; t
er entered as second class 'matter at uu
Post Office in Winston, JV. C
1 The cross mark on your paper in
dicates that the time for which you
subscribed. JhasJor: is. about to expire.
It is to give notice so your subscrip
tion may be renewed. If the sub
scription be hot renewed the name
will be dropped from the list, but we
want every one to renew and bring
a friend along too.
See bur offer to give The Pro
gressive Farmer one year and the
Patch Corn Sheller for four dollars.
This is the best sheller for the money
in .America. It ! is guaranteed and
will give entire satisfaction Send in
your orders at once. '-
--A fruit fair, will -be held in Fayette
ville August 4th and 5th.
-The House of Representatives last
Thursday passed a, bill . appropriating
$80,000 for the construction a govern
ment building at Ashville, in this State.
'-r-P, II. Winston, Sr., an eminent citi
zen of North Carolina, died at his resi
dence at Windsor, in Bertie county, on
(Monday, ..14th inst., after an illness, of
;l-i-rThe town of Sljeffieid, Mass., claims
to have issued a declaration of independ
ence on January- 12th, 1773, over two
years prior to the Mecklenburg, N. C,
declaration. ' ' :
The first wheat of the crop of this
yWr arrived in Baltimore on the 16th
inst. from the Rappahannock region of
Virginia.; It was an inferor lot and sold
for 80 cents a bushel.
.i'.-rrThe. .city, .of, Lynchburg, :Va., has
voted $250,000 to the Lynchburg,-Halifax,
and.. North Carolina railroad,, to run
from Lynchburg to Durham. Work will
begin at once. v ; V1 ' 5
Bacon and Gordon on the stump as
rival candidateis for the I)efnocratic. gub
ernatorial nomination, continue to make
things lively in Georgia. -
The town of Vancouver, at the termi
nus, of the pacific Canadian railway, was
destroy ed -by fire on the 35th inst. put
of 500 , houses' not a fhalf dozenrremaim
Ten persons lost ttheir lives.
It is proposed to hold a convention
of Northern settlers in North Carolina at
Raleigh during the next State Fair. The
ooject of the convention is to give en
couragement to : Northern people con
templating moving to the South.
Senator Jones, of Florida," still holds
the lines in Detroit, "! Mich, laying siege
to that obdurate spinster.- 'In the mean
time his seat in the Senate remains va
cant, as it has been since the beginning
of jthe session of Congress..."'..
...i M .. ..i - " ' '
--The police- force of East St. ':Lbuis
mu?t be, a badly demoralized set. They,
have been discharged because of the dis
covery of a conspiracy between them and
several noted 'burglars torob the . town
and divide the plunder- ; i.
" The Greensboro Patriot informs 'us
t&iiwo lititle boys between three and
sent, to jail
ones was is hot stated, lut when it comes
to 'sending ' children1 "three br fouf years,
of agef tb'Sail it-looks like carrying justice
otHe extreme. ; .xvi'ta .1' .7
I hi it pap
the Superior' GoUrt in Greens rxro,1; were
. What the crime of these little
Senator Vance's bill for the ; repeal
of the Civil Service act was ' defeated m
: the Senate last Friday by a vote of 6 " Htinue
the Senate last Friday by a vote of 6
to 3& Against. 1 ' '
Messrs. Louis Basrffer & Co.,blicit
ors of Patents, Washington, DC, write
us that twenty-nine patents wre granted
to Southern inventors, bearing date of
June 15th, 1886. -
Wmtield . Thompson, , 01 Jansas
City, Mo., terminated a bridal tour in
New York City by shooting hia wife in
. 1 1 m 1 1 . . t T ? ' ! ' f
tne oacR 01 tne neaa ana sencung
bullets into himself.
... .t. ... i ' 1 - -
We are in receipt of the premium
list for the North Carolina tate 1 Fair,
beginning October 26th to .39th inclu
sive, ' The premiums amount in the ag
gregate to over $6,000.
; Ludwig, the crazy King
of Bavaria,
who was recently dethroned when out
walking on the 14th, inst., accompanied
by his physician, threw himself into a
lake and was drowned. The physician
was drowned in attempting xo rescue
him- ; - - - 1 ' .J
The National Convention of Ameri
can Nurserymen was in session in Wash
ington City last week. S. Otho jWilson,
J. Van Lindley and G. S. Anthony were
present from -North Carolina. Mr. J.
Van Lindley was chosen Vice-President
for our State.' The next annual frieeting
will be held in Chicago. ,
The town of Monroe having voted
for piohibition, the pliysicians met and
issued notice to the public that they
would not prescribe spirits for people
who may. be thirsty j and in' no; case un
less to those who were really under treat
ment. They propose to deal squarely
with the public and the druggists
Miss Tabitha Holton, a native of
Guilford county, died at her home in
Yadkin county on the 14th inst. feome
years ago, after a very creditable ex
amination, she was licensed to practice
law by the Supreme Court of this $tate,
while Judge Pearson was Chief Justice.
Slie was the first woman in the South to
whom license was granted. j
Mr. Gladstone in' his temporary de
feat is proving that, the title of "grand
old man J' has 'not been mistakenly, con
ferred. With heroic resolve he goes be
fore the British people and pleads for
justice to misgoverned Ireland Ie s
building well, aiid victory is sure to come
whether he live to" achieve it or pot.
The House of Representatives on
list Thursday refused to take up for con
sideration Mr. Morrison's tariff bill by a
vote of 157,riays to 140 yeaSjAll the mem
bers from North Caotina,fexceptC'Hara,
colored RepublioinfToreonslera
tiom MKl Reid was 'absent tut (paired
with an opponent of the bill. t
The Richmond 4& Iy.iUea1hxad
company has purchased the large build
ing in Washington formerly the office of
the National Republican. , The building
will be fitted up as headquarters for the
officers of the company, and an apart
ment will be especially arranged; frhe
display of the mineral, wood, grain and
other resources of the Southern country
through which its lines run.j r - -
; A V - -r'i ) ! V'l il i I t
An act has Tbeen passed by the New
York Legislature and signed bv the Gov
ernor, limiting imprisonment for debt in
that state to six months. Alt prisoners
in Ludlow, street jail who have been con
fined six months are to be! released.
There are men in that jail who' have been
imprisoned so long that their, friends, if
they ever had any,, had forgotten that
they were alive. , , -.- .
The proceedings of the Farmers'
Clubs which appear in ' these columns
from week to week are attracting much
attention from t papers in thej State, and
some of jthe leading agricultural journals
of the country. The Newberij Journal of
15th inst. makes the discussioli on tobac
co culture, by Cedar Grove 1 Club, the
subject of a leading editorial, m which it
commends the good sense bfithe mem
bers of that' club in resolving to diversify
their crops. . ' ? t
A superabundance of rain during
the past six weeks has greatly retarded
the farmers in the cultivation jof their
crops. The overilow of bottom lands; has
materially damaged the corn and. otliev
crops .grooving, on' them. Grass on hill
and bottom is growing vigorously Oats,
much better andl jtlfeQivlieat crop much
shorter than was expected some weeks
ago. ': r Tobacco - shows the. i damageon'
some land . bya too rapid Vgrqwth rpn
others from ; the presence of too? iuch!
water-on all from too much grass, with ;
the v prospect of r material f iiijuryi in - the
event of droughty which is 'not improb
able. M
For eleven years the University of
i ortn uaronna nas Dee n appropria
ting to its own use the sum of $7,500
-r " ii f ' 1 1 1 ' 1 ' ' . ' : -
a year, amounting m tnes aggregate
(not counting inteft-est) .to $82,500.
This monev belongs to the farmers
and mechabics of Korth Carolina,
and its use, ks now applied, is in di
rect conflict with the purpose and
condition upopk which . the grant
from which the rund accrues was
made. The fjimsy pretense of jiisti-
ncation tor this use ot money:wnicn
does not belong to the University is,
that there is an "agricultural col
lege" in connection with and a part
of it. It is so stated at least in sthe
catalogue of the University where
the so-called college is seen (in the
catalogue) lor the first time alter 11
vears ot incubation. A lontr, very
long hatching period for such a lit
tle chicken. We have, without, how-
ever, mtenaing any uisrespeci; io
the gentlemen who preside over the
university, pronounceu ine assertion
that there is an agricultural college
at Chapel Hill, in the sense intended
by Congress or the State, when the
iana aonation was accepteu, a snam
and a dishonest pretense, j ljet us
see. The act of Congress prescribes
that the land scrip shall be used for
the establishment ot colleges where
agricultural and mechanical instruc
tion shall be the leading features, and
so also the act of the North Carolina
Legislature accepting the grant pro
vides. Have we such a college at
Chapel Hill? Have we, or have we
naa during tnese eleven years one
single student within the walls of
the University who is being, or has
been,. especially instructed and train
ed for work on the farm or in the
shop?, We hazard the ..assertion
that there hasn't been, and is not
one, and we don't hazard much iii
doing so. There are farmers' sons
there, doubtless, and mechanics'
sons, perhaps, as there have been in
other years, and they hear lectures
on chemistry, botany, entomology,
and on other subjects directly or in
directly connected with the farm,
as they probably did years ago, and
as is done in nil first-class colleges,
before the ''agricultural college" was
heard of, or dreamed of. Agricul
rural instruction proper is not given
simply because it can't be. A boy
can't be taught how to plow, to
plant, to sow or to reap, without the
ground fo Vlo it on nor the imple
ments to do it with. As well underr
take to teach astronomy without a
map Of the heavens, or the heavens
themselves, as to train boys for the
farm or the shop without a farm or
a shop. ' ,
The fouhdeis of the agricultural
college in Mississippi, one of the most
successful of the 47 institutions of
the kind in the Union, did not be
lieve iii mere theoretical instruction
alone when they began their splen
did work. They believed that the
training of head and" hand should go
together to make the fully equipped
farmer. In the history of the pro
gress of the college they say:
'"It seems that a large class of peo
ple desire the young men of the
State to combine labor with theo
retical instruction, and this is cor
rect 'yhen boys are to be educated
for farm life. , This training should
be in connection with a farm, were
industrious habits already obtained
may be .preserved, or given to those
not having them. Study for four
years without the habit of manual
labor creates a disinclination fi r
work, and telulsto separate brain
work and manual labor, giving dis
credit to the latterT The development
of bur agricultural interests necessi
tates that theory ' and practice go
together in the education of ' the
farmer."; ; ' ; : - 4
This " is pretty good authority,
coming, as it does, from men who
have achieved a national reputation
as agricultural teachers, if authority?
were needed . to enioree a truth so
patent to every thinking, sensible
1 But the : ; gentlemen who ' hav
charge1 of the University at Chapel
liiil . seem to think that they- can
conduct an agriculturarcollege,i oi
something which they call an agricul
tural college, without a farm, a plow,
a h'oej or seed to plant. .Tbey ;seem to
think that an agricul tural lecture on
some agrlcultuitopic filirtEeTSir
es'lflie farnjer, pybfleIEey
$7;500 aear1 as"tng value
put upon.these lectures.
It may be'alleged,' iind "probably
will be,' that- f practical' instruction1
cannot' be' given at Chapel Hili; be
cause'thd Stated ' has1 rn6t ma3e -provision
for the purchase of a farm and
the erection" of necessary buildings.
This h a vcry:ood, reason vihyj
practical instruction us noi
but it is not a good reason for
justification ot t&e conuuuj
fhA 7 f00 aVear without
sent of the farmeis,' to whom it be
longs, or without rendering a fair
and honest equivalent:; That is what
we object to, and that is why we en
ter these pro tests: This money should
be funded for the farmers, so that at
some ; day they may have an :. agri
cultural ! college in : fact,! and not a
mere pretense.. r': :; ''
The plain, unvarnished, truth is,
this money has been ! used for all
these years, not for the benefit of
the farmers' sons, but for the benefit
of the ; University, and it is now so
used. : ' ;5: ..v-. -:''
As pertinent ito the point under
consideration we reproduce a letter
written by Gen. Stephen ; -D. Lee,
President of the Agricultural College
of Mississippi, to the Farmers' Advo
cate, at St. Paul, Minnesota, in reply
to some inquiry as to the method ot
conducting the collegeJ He says: !
"We have so far for :th e. sessions
of 1885-6, a total of 360 students.
The key to the success in an agricul
tural college is to loyally carry out
the spirit of the Federal 'law organ
izing them; (viz: 'to' benefit Agricul
ture and the Mechanic Arts,' and,
not to aid other colleges, whose bias
are in the line of literary, ". classical
or general education. These insti
tutions are loyal to other objects and
they smother the agriultural schools
attached. In fact a student who
enters to become a farmer rand be
instructed in that school, is generally
ridiculed out of it and pointed to
brain development and culture, as
the only honorable education. It is
an indisputable fact that in such in
stitutions enjoying the proceeds oi
the land scrip fund .'to benefit agricul
ture and mechanic arts,, there are
no students being- benefited I in the
direction, intended by the federal
law. l am thereioro or the opinion
the farmers should insist that this
fund be used as intended, and in a
separate college put in hands loyal
to their interests and enjoying their
sympathy and encouragement. ! No
college can benefit a class without
enioyinc: its confidence. The tech
nical training in an agricultural col
lege loyally administered, will pro
duce like results to that obtained at
West Point, Annapolis, Medical Col
leges, Engineering Colleges, etc., ad
ministered in their different inter
eats. Testimonials enclosed show
that our Mississippi college enjoys
the conhdence oi the tanners. The
State Grange endorses it every year,
and! demands that it be supported,
as do the other agricultural socie
ties." '
In his address at the Salem Acad
emy Commencement last Thursday,
Senator Vance congratulated his
hearers on the progress which North
Carolina was makinjr, in nothing
more forcibly illustrated than in the.
attention which was everywhere in
the State being given to the subject
of education, and in the gratifying
success of her schools. This is true,
and it is something of' which the
people of North Carolina may justly
feel proud. ; No year within our re:
collection have the schools shown to
better1 advantage, ; nor; the people
shown more interest in them. : The
commencements everywhere have
been unsually largely attended, and
the exercises have more than ! met
popular expectation. " The State
Un i versi ty , i Wake Forest, Tri n i ty
and Davidson colleges had a: full at-
tendence . througliout -the -year, and
eack sent-outr to, the, TVipus avoca
tions of life its quota of graduates.
The same may beiaid of the female
seminaries rat Salem, v Greensbqro,
Raleighf and .Charlottel ,Th3 pre
paratory ? - or k intermediat6 , schools.
iiKe. gingham's, New Garden. .Oak
Dale, Oak Ridges Renter's, King'sj
Mountain, , La Grange,, and othera
that ... we might .mention, .maleand
iemaie, nave done a gooa work,,, and
rospered. ; And so, .too, have .pur,
raded schools: in Winston, -Greens-
ro, Lharlotte, Goidsboro and other,
owns, done well, and: last but not
least,:, good report - comes .from . the
common schools of 'tho. Stntft whifh,
"have been well attended and are crow.
ug iu iavor, popuiarityfj and useiul-
bess. The teachers and scholars are
to. be congratulated, but North Caro-5
Mina is to be congratulated even more-
un inis progressive . movement and
lUDjjiuuius uuuea yn,u,.wn!cn!iL is
! ; rr-The burntdisMciri .Wilming
ton is being rapidly rebuilt,.? i , ;
which is
ars airo, is afctv-w.; '
much attention. It now nujni
about 2,000 amances, with, a mem
bership of 75,000. It is strietly a
business orgamzation--coHgrj)eirative
in principle A,The ;mairvo1)j,ect is t0
protect its.m0mbersifsales of erops
and in purchasefsupplies,. by 8ei.
ing direct to cjoiiivumers or inanufar
turers, thus saving) themselves the"
heavy commissionsspaid to. divert
middlemen, and by purchasing jn
bulk, thus saving the profits hereto
fore paid to dealers wheeath fhr.
mer bought in small qua titii ties.
Their motto is, "Keep out of (
buy; in bullc, and from first hands',
and avoid the iron-clad mortgage
There is a bookful of sense crammed
into these few lines, and every far
mer, whether he lives in Texaw 0r
anywhere else, should commit them
to memory. The farmer should
when it is possible, avoid debt as he
would avoid fire. As the result of
his labor is dependent to a great
extent upon conditions and contin
gencies which he cannot control
he don't know whether he will be
able to meet his obligations when
they mature or not, and if adversity
come he is at the mercy of his c red
itor. He plows his fields, plants his
crops; the season . may be favorable
to germination of seed or not. They
may grow; off all right and promise
Vell, and . then the bug. or fly, may
destroy or, too much rain bury them
in grass, or too much sun parch them,
floods wash pr . winds -destroy, so
th!at the farmer is never certain that
heV is going to reap what he sows;
but the, debt stares him in the face
wiether;he reap or not, and the im
placable creditor must be met. If it
isfclinched with a mortgage and the
creditor insists, then s ruin comes.
Wje have known farmers to contract
sinali debts that they thought they
cOjUld pay without trouble, which
took them years to pay, because of
uninticipated crop failures or low
prices. It ( is better, far better, to
pull along and go without son e
tilings that are bought on credit, feel
independent, and feel that what you
jraise, whether it be little or much, is
yours, and not somebody else's. "Sell j
to manufacturers and consumers,
and buy in bulk from first parties."
The planters , and , farmers of the
South, as well as of the.jNprth, have
lost millions of, dollars .annually by
their shiftless,, unbusiness-like way
of selling and buying. . They have
no more to do with fixing the prices
of what they sell or buy than they
do with regulating the phazes of the
inoon. They helplessly let the buyer
and the seller do that for them, say
ing what they will give or what they
will take. ,; There is no more reason
why the ; planter, or; farmer should
not fix a price upon , his cotton, to
bacco, grain, beef or pork, than that
the buyer or sellei; , should , fix the
purchase price, and . then also fix the
price when , be' ' sells back to the
planter or farmer that same cotton,
and tobacco, in manufactured form,
or that same grain reduced to flour,
or that beef or pork, on all of which
at both ends of the trading process
the intermediate dealers must have
their profitsrr and .they ;all get more
than lhe .planter :or farmer does.
Th at is th e way they live, and while
the, men of the plovy , continue to do
business in the, old; sway, they must
continue (o pay these profits, and be
content , ?with little , or no t profits
themselves, . .Organizations like the
Farmers' Alliance, and the Farmers'
CIuljs now being :rorganized ; in this
State, are. fringing . these matters
prbminently beforo the planters and
farmers of the South,' and, are point
ing theway out of the darkness into
the ightj if the toilersinhe field
will but. stand r( together,- and work
together; as-men; in other avocations
' 1
!ti i
Some admirin g newspaper man hav
mg suggested .the name of GeorgeJVVrasl1"
ington iChilds, proprietor of the- Phila
delphia Ledger, for then Presidency, Mr.
Childs rises to remark that while he fully
appreciates the 'honor, he. ; would not
touch ' the I Presidency with" a forty-foot
pole,5 alfegorically speaking; ' He regards
CQnventions as 1 very uncertain bodies to
fool with,' but adds that jf a nomination
were certain '4he would not take it. 1Ie
doubtless cohcJutles,that Ja handsomely
paying newspaper is a- better thing than
four, .year torture in the f White House.
pri the. whole. Hr. i Childs . is eminently
level-leaded; and he is happy; assail truly
X v " Ml
Uai fnn- fihnnt tWO; TB
good and virtuous newspaper men arc
. it . - ?

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