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4 THE PKO&RESSIVE EARMER, 'SEPMBEK M 886 THE. PRO GRESSIVE ' F AEMEB. L..L. POLKj EDITOR ! " U JK U P.'F; DUFFY, ASSOCIATE wiitstoit,, asr-' c. , SUB SCRIP TJON .v- , , J2.00 FOR ONE YEAR SLOO FOR 6 MONTHS I ; POST-PAID!' 1 ; Invariably in Advance ft Subscribers will be notified two weeks before their time expires and If they do not renew the paper will De stoppea prompuy- j j . -. v . Liberal Inducements to clubs. Active agents wanted In every county, city town and village in the State, write for terms. Money at our risk, If sent by registered letter or money order. Advertising Rates quoted on application. On all matters relating to the paper, - Address . ' 1 . " Winston, N. C. O I-'.' To Correspondents. Write all communications, designed for pub lication, on one side or tne paper. Rejected communications will be numbered and filed, and the author will be notified. II not applied for in 80 dayaithey, will be de stroyed To secure their return postage must be sent with tne application. Answers to en auiries will be made through our " Correspon dents Column " when it can be done with pro priety. We want lnteligent correspondents in every county in the State. We want facta oi ralue, results accomplished of value, experi ences or value, plainly ana orieny loia. une solid, demonstrated fact is worm a tnousana theories. Address all communications to The Progressive Farmer, Winston, N. C. YVirton, Jf. C.r ept. 22, 1886. This paper entered as second class matter at the Post Office in Winston, JY. C T THE CROSS MARK. TTlie cross mark on your paper in dicates that the time for which you subscribed has or is about to expire. It is to giee notice so your subscrip tion may be renewed. If the sub scription be not renewed the name will be dropped from the list, but we want every one to renew and bring a friend along too. ; . See our offer to: give The Pro gressive Farmer one year , and the Patch Corn Sheller for four dollars. This is the best sheller for the money in America. It is guaranteed and will give entire satisfaction. Send in your orders at once. Read our advertisements, i And you will do us a great favor when you speak or write of them, to men tion The Progressive Farmer. Of the 60,000 inhabitants of Charles ton 32,540 are negroes. The total capital of the banks in North Carolina is put down at $3,162,000. It is said that excessive bicycle rid ing produces spinal and kidney disease. The farmers of Granville township, Pitt county, met on 18th inst. to organ ize a farmers club. Forsyth County Fakjiers' Club will meet in Winston on Saturday, the 23d day of October. Mecklenburg county comes to the front with a negro woman 11 6. years old, and still in good health. -Rumor has it that Secretary Man ning will retire from the Treasury in the fall on account of his health. There have been 59,000 cases of cholera in -Japan since it first appeared this year, 37,000 of which have proved fataL Rev. Jesse Cook, a colored preacher, was hanged at Macon, Ga., on 17th inst. for the murder of his wife. He made a full confession. , Four hundred and. sixty Apache In dians from the San ! Carlos reservation have been sent to Florida, where they can't do any harm. The President has appointed Mrs. Cheatham, widow of Gen. Cheatham, postmaster at Nashville recently de ceased, postmaster to succeed him. , The ! Mayor of Charleston expresses the opinion that it will require $1,000,000 to provide for the wants of the sufferers from the earthquake in that city. Save this copy , as it contains our form of Constitution and By-Laws for the organization of Farmers'. Clubs. It is sent tb all applicants free of charge.;, i. The official report of , the National Cotton Exchange puts the cotton crop of last year at 6,575,691 bales, and the Financial Chronicle at 6,550,215 bales. ' A 1 Texas paper announces , that a young man was shot through the ear and ladly wounded. Perhaps he was like the Chicago girls, his ear being the largest ?part hi himT;: ; lt'i, lliS&Si Mb. J. Howard Brown has hurnhasArl n interest in the Wilson Mirror, and will 1 columns will be. presided overas by the brilliant Blount' i:) I There are four factories in this coun ty which manufacture f 50,000,000 of ciomes pins per auuuui. : : m i Tramps playing the role of earth quake sufferers are putting in frequent appearance in Wilmington. A sure and simple remedy for f felon ; i As soon as the felon can be located roast an onion and bind it oh, as warm as it can be borne. Repeat every four hours until relieved.1 : There was a terrible wreck caused by the a collision between a passenger and a freight train on the Nickel Plate road at Silver Creek, in New York, last Wednesday ?by which nineteen persons were killed. As an evidence of the terrific force of the earthquake which shook Charles ton, it is stated that a large guano shed 400 feet long and 60 feet, wide, with 1,500 tons of guano in it, was moved 8 feet 9 inches towards the south west. Capt. Fagg, of Buncombe county, raised seventy-two and one-half bushels of wheat on two acres this year Consid ering the fact that , this has - not been a favorable wheat year the Captain did very well. . A. Convention of Anti-Saloon Repub licans met in Chicago on 17th inst. to form a new party, "whose fundamental plank is opposition to the liquor, traffic. They propose to work within the Repub lican party, " to encourage it to grapple with that question." The Committee appointed by For syth County Farmers' Club, to prepare and publish an Address to the farmers of the State, will meet in Winston, on Saturday, the 25th inst., at 2 o'clock p. m. It is important that each member be present. By request of the chairman. The Southern Pacific Railroad Com pany has planted out on its lands in Kansas ; 3,000,000. of trees, alianthus, catalpaj and white ashe, from which to draw a supply if railroad ties in future. The first of these trees planted are now twenty-five feet high and all are flourish ing. Col. A. H. Belo, a native of Salem, but since the war a resident of Texas, who, report said, was appointed minister to Austria, says he would rather be editor of his two papers than be minister to any country. Col. Belo is one of the most successful newspaper men in the South, and is a remarkably level-headed man. We regret to learri that Miss Mamie Hatchett has been compelled to suspend publication of the Southern Woman. She wielded a gifted pen and many things she wrote would do credit to an -older head. She had an originality of thought and a boldness of expression that we liked. We regret that she did not meet with that success which her merits deserved. Mr. P. S. Early, of Mana, Yadkin county, writes us that he lost his fine Devon cow last week, and that Mr. Blackwell of the same place lost his two fine Jerseys -all with bloody murrain. This is a serious loss. We saw the cow of Mr. Early, she was a magnificent ani mal. This gentleman has a splendid farm. He showed us one . acre , of the largest tobacco we have ever seen. Some of the leaves measured 28x36 inches. August Spies, one of the convicted Chicago anarchists, says that he has always had a presentiment that he was born to be hanged, and says he "would rather be hanged to-mbrrow than to have the begging hat passed around among my friends to save my neck," referring to the efforts to raise money to carry their case to the Supreme Court if a new trial is denied, to which he is opposed. j Robert L. Taylor and A. A. Taylor, brothers and rival candidates for the gov ernorship of Tennessee, the first Demo crat and the other Republican, are accom plished fiddlers and that goes a long way in Tennessee. At the Read House in Chattanooga, one night last week, they roomed together, and were called upon by a large number of friends, Dem ocrats and ; Republicans. A couple of fiddles were brought in and the two can didates played a number of pieces to the entire satisfaction' of tneircallers;i The : farmers of Jerusalem town ship,' Davie county, met on the llth and organized a farmers' club: The list of officers elected and the' pro- ceeuings wju appear nexi weeK.. ' -The corner atone; of the 'new court house was laid at Monroel last Tuesday -week with imposing cere- OUR TRIP TO GRANVILLE. Some Things we Saw and Heard. Court week in the average North Carolina town is an interesting occasion, ordinarily, but in Oxford it was unusually dull. u Where are your people?" we asked ; "the inevit able negro is here in abundance and, too, the inevitable, ubiquitous and irrepressible newspaper man inhere, prominently and conspicuously here, the State Chronicle, ' the ' News and Observer, the Patriot, the Western Sentinel, and the Progressive Far mer, but where are your people?" "This is our busv season,' said he, "cutting and curing tobacco, hyr? men vou see either ; havJe oressimr tJ , f X. - business here, or they have none at home., .Besides our courts are fast losing attraction for ourf people. A large majority generally of the cases on our docket are forlthe trial of negroes and the couft rooms are crowded with them, mnny of them witnesses, but many more of them, who are too lazy to work and come to charge themselves with gossip, so they may loaf aronnd and sponge on friends while thjby retail what they gather at court" i Oxford is improving, but with its facilities and opportunities it is not what it should have been. Beau tifully situated in the midst of a people noted forjtheir intelligence and who produce the finest tobacco in the world, wno have received hundreds of thousands, if not mill ions of dollars forat within the past twenty years, it dpes seem that suffi cient of these vast earnings should have found profitable investment in I Oxford, simply lmthe manipulation or manufacture o y tobacco to have made it one of th largest towns in the State In add tion to the tobacco no finer country 'ban bo found for clover and the grasses. (One farmer told us he had harvested three tons per acre.) corn, wheat, oats, rye, fruits and vegetables. (Our excellent friend Prof. Hobgod produced three Irish potatoes weighing 7 J pounds.) And yet we apprehebd that too much of this money has gorie to pay for corn flour, bacon, hay, fertilizers and stock, all of which should b$ produced at home. No county or section in our State can afford to buy these things and depend on one crop to pay for them. But Oxford is improving. It has the State Homo for the Orphans and is justly proud of it, and does itself lasting credit by tenderly car ing for it. Horner's School, one of the oldest and best for the training of boys and young men, is flourish ing. 1 he female seminary und the, supervision of Prof. Hobcrud has taken position among thenrst colleges of the -'land. Recent and extensive additions to thebuildings makes them not only handsome and attractive but neat, commodious and comfortable. The admirable discip line,' the rehned ease and freedom which marks the hospitality of the Professor and hismost interesting family, the quiet and repose pervad ing the atmosphere of the place and the lady-like demeanor of the pupils, give it the pleasing home-like air of homo. j . The law should indeed "be a ter ror to evil doers" but in its penalties arid punish mejits, should it not dis criminate between degrees and char actor of crime f Should the thought less boy in hisj teens, who has been brought up under bad influences and who is caught! in the commission of a comparatively trivial offense, be subjected to tne same character of punishment and degree of degra dation as the did, cunning scoundrel whose life has Been steeped in crime ? Does not the spirit and integrity of our institutions! and the well-being of the State require that such meas ures should be enacted and enforced as will tend to reform the criminal by encouraging V and cultivating higher moral, conception and higher appreciation of moral worth . and duty? -h. -j. . ? . . . The' blackening, degrading stripe of the zebra suit of .the Penitentiary stamps itself indelibly: inHhe char acter, ot the one who wearwHand is rarely, if ever, effaced. It isMIms mark of eternal dishonor : and infamy.- It stifles all aspirations. It kills" all Hope. It destroys all manhood. r Should not every consid eration of Christian obligations, of self preservation,- prompt the State to establish institutions in which, while the law -shall be vindicated the criminal especially xi the 7 young and those of the light degree, 'may be rescued from this almost certain moral death? These renecuons wb forced upon ' us as we saw eight youths, seven colored and one white, none of them out of their teens, manacled in irons and on their way Jd the Penitentiary. '. Une ot tne mosi .lnieiugou y gressive and successful farmers in Granyille said. to us: "The manage ment of labor has so far passed beyond our, control that it is almost worthless and.it grows worse . every day. I once hired a man to help by the year, now I only, hire by week, day or hour." 1: th sso far as our , iniormaiiou . v . . . , n n the Southern Statesare the only agri cultural community in the civilized world where ..the laborer controls and shapes; the policy of -the land owner.' ut in this as in most of the evils oryhich our farmers com plain, they; are: themselves largely to blame, ija Dr snouia De so directed as to ; . ben- controlled and efit employed an( loyer. To do this there mus be k system. To have system there jmust, be co-oper ative effort. To secure tnis mere must be organization. Let the far mers of every township organize a club. Let these organize a county club. Let these organize a State Association. Meet once a month or oftener in the township club, con sider and discuss what the township should do. Go to the county club three or four times a year, meet the farmers of all parts of the county, consider and discuss what the coun ty should do. Go to the State Asso ciation once a year, meet the farmers from all parts of the state and con sider and: discuss what the &tate should do. This is the only security. One of the most important and val uable truths, we opine, that .will be evolved by thus counselling together will be that as a rule we own too much land and are' trying to cultivate too many acres,. Foi-syth county is already organized; and stands . ready to meet and act .;? with her sister counties Jn all.;matters relating to our common ipterest. : Every coun ty in the State could easily be in a similar, position within ninety days and the first meeting of a State or- fanization could and should be held uring the sifting of our next Leg islature. What say the progressive farmers of the State? Shall it be done?' Can it be done? Speak quickly through the Progressive Farmer and other papers of the State and it will be done. Write us short, pointed! Ietters,iurie4sbriefly but Pi AGRICULTURAL EDVCATION. X We clip the ; tolrawing trom the New England Ifomejgtma of, Spring field, Mass.: "The Massachusetts Agricultural College begins "another yearNvith a class of 32 freshmen out of adass of 5D examined! 'This is the largest class1 for several years, and it will probably I increase to 40 or more The new president and professors, together with the older ones, are working together with the greatest harmony, and there is a general en thusiasm throughout the institution that augurs well for the future. The faculty and students are to attend in a body the Bay State Fair at Bos ton, October 5 to 8, and the classes in horticulture and agriculture, with their professors, : will inspect the farms and market gardens of great est interest? in Eastern Massachu setts." : J-'-'vXr-v .;;.-v We hope some day to be able to publish similar paragraphs about our Agricultural College in North Carolina, which up to the present time, however,' exists only between the coders of the University Cata logue. When' we; really ? do have a college, we shall take pleasure in noting the increase in the number of students, the increased interest, j&c Dut so iar, aias, we can say nothin uu nnv Jiue, noiwitnsianamg tne fact' that there is spent anmrally $7,500, of the money belontrimr to the' farmers,; on an imaginary . agri cultural college. Ncw'crgp-tobaceo is selling well th4e-narket, better in fact than old stockrBut little, however, has yet been sold. Tojbacco curing is in active progress throughout the county,1 and ! encouraging reports come to us of the 'success generally met with. Most every One ' can ' tell us he is curing it bright, whether ho can , brag much, about tmi size and body of his tobacco r snbti---iHe- derson Gold Leaf. A LANDMARK ON THEYADKlif On the west bank of the YaUk' at an felevation of 150 feet above th Eiveri on a grass covered plateau stands one of those venerable old' fashfoned but comfortable houses which in the years agone were t be found all over the South, and whfich are inseparably associated with the ease, pleasure, elem and refinement that characterized ouinern iarm me in tnose times he stately storm-beaten eerin tanding around like faithful sent;' nels, the security and quiet which rested so soothingly on the scene broken only by the chirp of the chicks and the lulling tingle of the cow bell at the barnyard gate, the broad ana inviting piazza, fringed its full length with vines laden with luscious grapes, 'twas a delightful haven to the weary and worn Editor. Seated in this bower of leafy vines and purple fruit, listening to the soft melody of the murmuring river and feasting the eye on the varied and picturesque landscape, marked by fields of corn, grass, tobacco, and orchards, and resting on a back ground of grand old Yadkin hills, which were crowned with the rich deep green, peculiar to her magnifi cent forests, and above which tow ered in lofty grandeur and bold out line the huge figure of old Pilot, we could but wonder why the sons of North Carolina should seek a home in other State. The owner of this delightful home is Mr. N. W. k Craft, the originator and proprietor of the Cedar Grove Nurseries. Forty years ago at the early age of 15 years be began the study and' propagation of fruits. His f natural . fondness for it has strengthened with the years of labor and effort, which to-day makes hi name familiar to lovers of ffaiit from New York to Kansas. , From insig nificant beginnings he has increased and enlarged his business until now he hasv Over, 1,(190,000 trees, vines and plants in stock. Besides this,, he has wisely aud liberally supplied himself .with fine orchards and vine yards of the best: variety of fruits, from; which he sells and ships largely at - remunerative ; prices. Of the many : interesting features of tin's extensive Nursery which has sup plied . so many homes throughout the .country with its excellent fruit, we camint now speak, but we must not fait to call attention to his pecul iar method for the protection and propagation of grapes. He plants h is vines- m rows. Midway between them he plants good strong posts, taking care to have them about the same height, with; the top end 8raooth. Along these posts he runs tw.o Wiresr on which he trains the vines,, u He- now makes a covering for tKe vines; and fruits by nailing along on the tops of the posts, boards or.plan&i from 12 j to J 14 inches in width. ; Thiis covering protects the vines andi fruit - from hail, heavy rains, chilling dews, or excessive heat of she stati. ; lie said to us that he had no iread of mildew or rot that he hadi nver failed to raise a crop of sound healthful grapes. His Concord, Brighton .and Delaware, especially werp not only sound and perfectly developed,' but were each of very siajperiir flavor. He is a deep thinker and a vigor ous work, and keeps well informed in matters appertaining to the farm and to find t culture. His carp pounds are very attractive and are ite Mocked with that pop ular fislAf dish, elegantly served by his stim(able lady, removed our prejudice against the carp as a table fish. ..Those served were about 10 inches inJength and were of exceed ingly delicate flavor. He said that the expense of preparing and stock ing, hisf pond was very small but he would , not take one thousand dollars for , them. , Wo shall not soon forget our - visit to this interesting ana hosnitablo home. V. - - A FACT WORTH KNOWING. A colored boy near the lakes was batten a few days ago by a rattle soake, and as medical aid was out of reach, the boy must have surely died but . for the though tfullness of his'epmpahibns. They dug a hole in thft;'orrnnnd nd nlftced both S in it lin tr 'War1 fliA hlDS n( nacked 'thft rrinH 'sAmirftlv around -t w -mm W V - him. The poison was entirely ex tracted, and the boy is how about well. fWe have heard before of this remedy but only of the , less poison ous ones, arid we now take pleasure in giying to the public this complete triumph over the most venomous reptile known' to our section. elC' oern Journal: .