THtfim INTERESTS OF OUR PEO THER CPA SI DERATIONS OF STATE POLICY.
f : j . ',. '
TO THE FARMERS OF NORTH
By The Forsyth County Farmers Club.
At the first regular ryeeting of the
Forsyth CountjFarmers' Club, held
in inston, 2s
and composed of representative
farmers of our county, the following
resolution was unanimously adopted:
Resolved, 1st, That a committee, com
posed of one member from each club
here represented, be appointed to pre
pare an address to the farmers of our
State, presenting the object and pur
poses of this organization, to the end
that we may secure their co-operation in
promoting the same.
The plan of organization adopted
in our county is very simple, yet we
believe sufficiently comprehensive
to serve as a, basis for an effectual
and permanent organization of the
farmers of our State! Briefly, it
establishes township clubs, from
these the county club is organized
and from the county club a State
Association is to be established. The
township or subordinate clubs are
the foundation of the whole struc
ture, the county and State organi
zations to be representative bodies,
the ratio of representation being
impartial and uniform throughout.
Membership is restricted to such
persons only as are practically
engaged in agriculture.
This organization is intended in
no way to interfere with the relig
ious opinions or party affiliations of
its members. No fees are imposed.
All the proceedings of all the clubs
are open to the public. We have
nothing to conceal.
The object and purpose of this
organization, in the language of our
constitution is '-to improve the con
dition of the farmers and to promote
the interests of agriculture" The under
signed committee, appointed in pur
suance of the resolution quoted above,
beg respectfully to submit briefly
for your careful and earnest thought
some of the considerations which
prompted this movement.
The agriculturalists of this coun
try constitute 51 per cent, of all
those engaged in the various occu
pations and pay 80 per cent, of the
taxes of the country. Last year
our" domestic exports amounted to
$720,000,000, of which $530,000,000,
or 73 per cent, of the whole, were
the products of agriculture. What
is done by the Government to encour
age and foster this great source of its
wealth and power? What is done to
uphold and strengthen the hands of
those who feed and clothe its sixty
millions of people and the products
of whose labor and skill constitute
the very life of its commerce? How
does it compare with other govern
ments? In 1885, France, for the
promotion of her agricultural inter
ests, appropriated $20,000,000;. Bra
zil $12,000,000; Russia $11,000,000;
Austria $5,000,000 ; Japan $1,000,000
and the United; States gave $650.
000 to the support of our National
Department of Agriculture. During
the past six . years, from 1881 to
1880 inclusive, our government has
appropriated $2,482,700 (about one
ninth of the amountgiven by France
in one year) and a sum about suffi
cient to pay for the eggs which
were imported into this country in
1885. . . .
The legislative branch of our gov-
ernment should be the guardian
power to which we should look for
encouragement and protection. Of
whom is it composed? Of the 401
members of the House and Senate
of the U. S. Congress only eleven
farmers are found on the roll! One
representative to every 697,317 per
sons engaged in agriculture. Every
10,708 physicians have a represen
tative in Congressevery 294 Bank
officials have one every 188 Rail
Road officiate ihavc one every 209
lawyers and professional office hold
ers have one; or to state it differently :
the 7,070,493 agriculturalists of the
country have only 11 representa
tives in Congress, while the physi
cians have 8; Bank presdents 15;
Railroad officials 11; ard the law
yers and professional office holders
have 307; or twentyyfight times as
many as theaHftnilists.
On these remaltle facts we
have no com mem to offer. They
should speak hii terms'moV) eloquent
than any language we couM employ.
In 1880 we had in our Seate 480,
187 persons engaged in all kinds of
occupations. Of these, 300,937 were
engagad in agriculture, or 75 per
cent, of the whole. It is not only
the occupation of three-fourths of
the people in the State belonging to
our industrial classes, but it is the
great foundation on which rests the
hope, the prosperity, the glory
and the very life of "the State. It
behooves every citizen, therefore, of
whatever condition or relation, to
aid and encourage by every honor
able means, the healthful growth
and development of this great indus
try. Especially is it incumbent on
the farmers of the State to bring to
its support all the available forces
which have or may be supplied by
experience, by research, by indus
try, education, science and legisla
tion. We recognize the stern fact that
the farmers ot the country must
arouse themselves to a true compre
hension ot the situation. In matte
of public concern, affecting their
interests directly, the farmers of
the South esneciallv must be more
vigilant, do more of their own think-
ing, rely ! more on their own judg
merit and stand more manfully and
loyally by their own interests. The
most conservative in character and
the most powerful at the ballot box,
of any one class of our people, we
should strive to preserve and foster j
that harmony of action between all
the great interests ot the countrv
that is so essential to our prosperity
and happiness. We should elevate
and dignify Our vocation and thusf
build up a higher type of manhood
and womanhood among the masses.)
And how are these desirable ends'N
to be accomplished? Manifestly and )
only by co-operative effort.
Co-operation is the watchword!
of the age. It is the mighty powe
that is moving the world the very
essence of progress. We must not
cannot longer ignore this power
ful agency, so effectually employed
by all other interests for their pro
motion and advancement. It is a
law of Nature a law of God that
mti-it be systemized, consolidated
and directed by organization. Ail
classes and all interests, except one,
throughout the civilized world recog
nize its potency and are fostered,
encouraged and strengthened and
protected by it,and that one is agri
culture the - greatest and most
important of all. Miners, printers,
mechanics, artizans, professionals,
merchants, tradesmen, manufactur
ers, speculators, shippers, bankers,
railroads, each and all have their
organizations. They each have a
common principle of action. They
each know that "in union there is
strength." We, as farmers, are seg
regated, isolated,' divided and a help
less prey to all who may take
advantage of us. Without organi
zation we cannot co-operate and
without co-operation" we can have
no system,' without system we can
have nothing. Look at the miser
able character of employed labor in
our State to-day. ' Utterly unman
ageble and almost, worthless and
dailv crrowinr worse. The South
is the only agricultural community
in -tho civilized w6rIdAvTIeT
controls and shapes the policy of
the land owners. Why.' dimply
because there is no co-operation of
effort on the part of the farmers to
direct and control it: '
Under the' so called; tenant sys
tem, our lands are butchered and
destroyed and bur sons are thus
driven from theold homestead with
all its endearing associations to seek
a home elsewhere. With such a
WINSTON, N. O., SEPTEMBER
State of things need we wonder
that our sons seek the villages, towns
and cities, to avoid the slavery ana
drudgery of contacTwith such aoor
with all its attendant trials ana vex
ations? With such a state. Nf things
need we wonder that many of our
most enterprising farmers, owners
of tine lands, should take their money
and their families to the towns to
educate their children? With such
a state of things need we wonder
that to a large majority of our farmers
life is burdened with care, and "vex
ation of spirit" instead of the bright,
cheerful, hopeful, happy existence
that God designed it should be?
Without system, without co-operation,
without organization, how can
we hope to command or enforce
respect for our rights?
With classes, communities, states
and nations, as with individuals,
they must show that they respect
themselves before they can hope or
expect to enjoy the respect of others.
We often complain, and justly, that
our rights and interests are ignored,
but do we put forth any effort to
prevent it? Take, as an illustration
any of the great questions of indus
trial economy in which vve,as farmers,
are directly and vitally concerned,
questions which in their dignity
rise above considerations of a mere
partizan character, and how are the
views and wishes of the farmers to
fi ndcjs preiisioaomd Jmv-injluen ce ?
jlany of us believe that our pub
lic road system should and could be.
We believe, too. that our convict
j labor should be employed on the
T public roads "ot "the btate, thereby!
removing it from the field of com-
petition with honest free, labor, and
; confining it to a work so greatly
j needed in the State and where it
j would be a direct relief to every
tax payer ot the State.
But how are we to formulate our
v i e w s a n d i m p ress them? By orga n
We believe that the time
has arrived when North Carolina
should have an Agricultural College,
where the youth of the State may
acquire practical knowledge and be
fitted by proper training for the
vocations they may fill in the vari-
ous branches of industry.
We believe that the Land Scrip
Fund donated by the general govern
ment, for that purpose should now be
applied as directed by the Act of Con
gress and thus give us an institution
where the farmers may give their
children that practical, industrial
training so greatly needed among
them. But how and by whom is
is this to be done? It must be done
by the farmers of North Carolina
and in the ;same way that it. was
done in Mississippi, Missouri, and
other States whose fund, like ours,
was given to their University in dis
regard of the rights of the farmers
and in violation of tTie Act oi' Con
gress. We must demand4 its trans
fer from the University to . a school
which in truth : shall be for the
industrial training of our youth.
i i if . . i ' : . .
Airain: we oeneve our iaxe
Department of Agriculture coul
and should be made more usetui tro
the farmers of the State by whom
and for whom it was mainly estab
lished. But how and by whom is this to
be done ? Suppose that forty thous
and, twenty thousand, ten thousand
farmers in the State should, in their
organized capacity, "agree touching
these things, or any other question
affecting their interests andpfits,
who can doubt that their wishes
would be respected
Humiliating-aS is the confession
compel us to
say that we are largely to blame for
many of the grievances of which We
comnlain. : '' 'V
But apart from all this, do not
the concerns ot tarm me, or ran
husbandry, matters with wnicn we
are in daily and constant contact, j
aemana the tostering aia oi (oper
ation? Should we not learn to profit
by the experiences and knowledge of
others? Should we not improve our
lands, our stock, our crops and all our
systems of work? Should we not
strive to relieve the farming com
munity of the ufeadly incubus and
curse of the mortgage system?
How.are all theseVrtfttcrs to which
we have so briefly Veferred to be
accomplished? WouM we have bet
ter labor, better tillage, better sys
tems, better crops, better stock, bet
ter roads, better education for our
children, better laws for our protec
tion, better and more comfortable
homes; would we lift the aspirations
of our boys and girls to a higher
plane of thought and "of action;
4-u - 4.' i j i
the rising generation and to a higher
regard among all other classes ;i
would we make the world feel as
well as confess that honorable labor
is manly and elevating; then we
must accept the lessons of nature
of God of the experience of the
world in all the departments of
human effort for ages past and
avail ourselves of the only agency by
which it can possibly be done :
BY CO OPERATION AND ORGANIZATION.
The farmers throughout the whole
countiy are organizing. Notably i
the movement assuming prominence
j in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennes
see, Arkansas and lexas. The farm
ers of the North ;iud North-west are
growing stronger daily, through the
organizations of the - Grange" and
I the - banners Alliance. Wo all have
jtho same grand object in view, viz.:
imp.uve ine iuiu hum hi uie j Farmer to have a "Farmers' liar
farmer and to promote the interests , vt Dinner" t n,rw ntml nnint
t n iiikyiii If ti tiji '
We appeal earnestly and with con-
uueuce toxtne oeiier juugmei.L 01
,the farmer of North Carolina to
organize atonce their township
I "I . ,
c.uus, neir yumy cuius, men uieir
State Association, and let us think,
jlwork ami act together for our com -
'mon irooil and foil the advancement
of ali the interes
3rfts of our good old
v x, pu,M.u.,e u. t..e iu..uwu.g
Resolution passed y the Convention,
lr Committee ,repecttully request
tie press of the State to publish the
Resolved, That thje Committee be
rnstructed to furnish, a copy of said.
tidd ress to the papers of our State,
'and to the Southefi Cultivator, At
lanta, G-a., and respectfully request
the publication of the same'.'
A. A. Crater, j !
John D. Waddell, Jr.,!
A. E. Pfafp, j i '
John Holder; ?
J. II. Reich, 1 1
W. C. Lassiteb,
R. L. Cox,
Thomas R i no( - ! ; -
E. T. Leh3IAn? President.
T. J. Valentine,
A. W. BeveL, Vice-Presidents.
E. C; DciLLjSeeretary. '! : -
OUR FARMERS'" CLUBS.
'" s Zl . . r ;
hat our Farersare Doing and ftow'
he Work of drganizing is progressing,
" little davie palling into line.
Editor' Progressive Farmer:
I . . i xl . Ta.:
farmers of Jerusalem township, held
.w . r "p -v -
n tt& 11th inst., a Farmers Club
waorganized. ; A. temporary organ
ization was effected by electing E.
"ft. Morris chairman and T. S. Butler
Permanent Officers : W. II. Hob-
sori, President; T. S. Butler, Vie
The Constitution and By-Laws, as
ssued Iw the Progressive Farmer,
were unaniniously ; adopted, ; We
meet in pur club room at :l jerusiilem ,
old church every two weeks, on Sat
urday at two o'clock, p. ra., sharp.
We had a most harmonious meeting
and are greatly, encouraged at our;
hopeful and auspiciou$ , begihning,
The Progressive Farmer shall hear
President: E. S. 31orris,Srcretary; y'fi?I'KX wu,er conpiiewo lejirn,
H. L. Foard, TreasUiir. -U? ready, to fall into line,
i Executive Committee; II. F. Lefler, v l,iust ftarte organization,
m KsAnt. W F Picklftr and must have a jrrand Farmers'
from us. We hope soon to see our
county thoroughly organized and
take position by the side of Forsyth
in the noble work of elevating the
agricultural interests of the country.
E. S. Morris, Sec'y.
Sep. 20, 1886.
MOUNTAIN CREEK FARMERS' CLUB.
This club now numbers 64 mem
bers and is in a prosperous and
healthy condition. One of the
reasons of its success is the very
great help they derive from agricul
tural literature. They take the
Progressive Farmer and other first
class agricultural lournals
BLACK JACK TOWNSHIP CU B.
This is the name of a new club
recently formed in Richmond county
J. TI. Robinson President and W.
CHEEK S CREEK FARMERS' CLUB.
This club, as we learn, recently
organized at Pekin, in Montgomery
county, is made up of first class
j material and promises to do well.
President, R. Rush, Jr.; Secretary,
J. II. Turner. We hope to have
some notes soon irom these new
clubs for the Progressive Farmer.
FARMERS HARVEST PINNER.
Wh.lt h,s hocomo Of tho nmnoai-
j tion of tw) of uur c!ubs maJe sJonie
j wecks through The Progressive
I . ... . -
i in t.htt fnnntv whom nil tho oluhe
j r.,inifl nnmt tm,H,oi. with th,,;,.
' W-v VVVVUVI T 1 til lliVl I Jil III"
; iies am, ,(l the d ? 8uch ft
; hering would do good. It is a
- ita, sllrostioll ln 8Cveral cotin-
, ties in the State jt has been thc CUs
tom fop vnnr . fnr thl, f.irmprft ,lf ti,
: ,.,f anM.x ,
n. 1 u.x : 'i..,.
i ures? speaking &c. jt is pleasant
M f t 1 t tt ill n n1 n n w.niAn
; (luri ntnc whoit .year is looked to
j with more 1)ca;;urable anticipations
i than thp Farmers Harvest Din
ner." It should be a fixed institution
' j in every county in the State.
What say the clubs of Forsyth
f.nnntvv Shall w hani itv
PITT in motion.
Our friend Mr. Andrew Joyner,
j of Greenville, Pitt county, writes us
that a movement is on foot to organ-,
i ize a County Farmers' Club, and
: that the farmers of that count' are
moving in earnest. Keep the ball in
! CLUBS IN CATAWBA COUNTY.
! Mr. F. L. Herman, one of the live
: farmers of Catawba county, writes
1 us that the club at Hickory, which
was organized last Spring, the first
organized in the county, now num
" bers forty members, with the follow-.-j
ing officers: J..W. Robinson, Presi-
dent; F. Ii. Herman, Vice-President ;;
J. P. A. Herman, Secretary; W.L.!
lm TJCasurerJ ' L' Low?
j meets once a monin,
uuu uiuiii iiiicitst is iiiaiiiiesLeu in
i the proceedings, Three or four clubs
have DeCn oriranized since, and stn
j are being taken to organize a County
' I Inh
ANSON COUNTY FARMERS CLUB.
We see by the Wptlesboro Intelli
gencer, that the township clubs of
old .Anson have organized a County
Club. Let the good work ro on
until every county in the State is
State Convention, as soon as. prac
ticable. 1 ' , '
Tho t - Green vilte : t Reflector -5 says
there is.an unusual amount of bil
ious fevt-r in that section this fall
and the eases are much more diflicult -to,
control than in former , seasons, r
requiring double the amount of medicine.
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