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The progressive farmer. [volume] (Winston, N.C.) 1886-1904, November 10, 1886, Image 1

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Vol. 1.
The famous murder case of Mr.
A. A. Owens by his wife and two
negroes, has been removed from
Washington county to Beaufort
county and will be tried here at the
next term of the court. Washington
A young lady named Dry was
found hanging by the neck dead,
near Big Lick, Stanly county, last
Friday morning. It was a clear
case of suicide. Domestic trouble,
it is said, was the cause of it. Con
cord Register.
We learn of a coon being cap
tured the other night upon the neck
of which a brass chain was found so
deeply imbedded in the flesh that
no trace of it could be seen from the
outside and it was discovered after
the animal had been dressed.--
Washington Progress.
A colored woman knocked her
child on the head with a rock killing !
it, and then buried it in a branch !
last near Hansom's Bridge, Frank-j
lin county. She was arrested and
carried to Louisburg jail to await !
the penalty of her dastardly crime. !
Battleboro Headlight. j
. A. ...... . . ,
-Ossipe Cotton Mill, of which
Capt. Jas. S. A illiamson is the pro- j
prietor, has just received an addition i
to its machinery ot 1,200 U luting i
graviiy spiim.es, maiving me wnuie ,
number of spindles 3,200. This mill
also contains 160 looms and is now
full of machinery. Alamance Glean
er. The news comes to us of a
severe hailstorm at Mt. Olive, this
county, Wednesday afternoon, which
broke windows and filled people
with great wonderment. The stones
were so large and solid that many
of them were still lying about the
neighborhood yesterday. Goldsboro
Mr. Nolder, a farmer from Pa.
has moved his family to Hickory
with the intention of locating in
this section. He says that he leaves
others behind him who are dissatis
fied with the high taxes caused by
governmental extravagance, and
wish to find a home in N. C. Pied
mont Press.
A pet dog arrived here this
week that was shipped by Express
from San Francisco in a caged box.
It belongs to Lieut. Henderson, who
purchased him in Peru. The priv
ilage of the old war vessel Shenan
doah was extended to "Jack" for
two and a half years. Salisbury
Distemper among horses is prev
alent in this section. Wesley
Rothrock showed us a walking stick
which is made of hickory wood and
was owned by his great-grand-father
Peter Roth rock. It has been in the
Rothrock family for more than 100
years and will be kept as a family
relic. Salem Press.
Last week Mr. Torrence, of
Philadelphia, who is president of
three Railroads, went to Webster to
aid in the opening mineral opera
tions in the Kaolin Mine. A rail
road will probably be constructed to
the mine, and thus old Webster will
be connected with the world any
any way. Waynesville News.
Mr. W. G. LewTis made an
assignment, Tuesday, of his
stock of agricultural, implements
and Machinery to Messrs. J. H.
White and B. B. Lewes. His assets
are about $5,000 and his liabilities
about $1,800. Inability to realize
on outstanding accounts was the
cause of the assignment. Statesville
Mr. George M. Goforth dug his
crop of sweet potatoes last week and
brought the Topic office three speci
mens of his crop that weighed
together sixteen pounds.-- The
mast, oak, hickory, chestnut, beech
&c, is almost a failure arid', that
accounts to some extent for the
1 : i n . t .i
-urge numcer oi squirrels that art
to be seen. They are hungry. Th
leave the heart of the forest abd
come out into open country in
searcn ot grapes and other ffmt,
corn &c. Jjenoir Topic.
AVhen we called at Duke's fac
tory yesterday morning we saw an
order for 300,000 cigarettes from
Stockholm, Sweden. Messrs, W.
j Duke, Sons k Co. shipped during
the month of October 30,111,450
cigarettes from their Durham fac
tory alone. It is rumored that
the Baptist denomination will soon
erect a new church on the lot dona
ted to them by the Durham Land
and Security Co., in the neighbor
hood of the residence of'J. T. Diver.
Durham Plant.
There are many matters which
come before the Legislature in
which the fanner is directly mter-
osted, but in whicji in their collective
capacity farmers eldom express an
opinion for legislative guidance.
lake tor instance rbad laws, fence
laws do& mws- Tntae are matters
in which the farmer, nore than any
other class of our cit izens is inter-
ested, but who ever heard of farm-
ers uniting to express an opinion on
th(JSC queJtions when midr discus.
sion in tho Legislature? Suggest a
,aw affectfnff railroads, manufactur-
s Jin(i othr imj,:nss interests. :ind
how soon do you see petitions or
remonstrances going up or lobbyists
to work for or against the proposed
measure. While farmers cannot send
lobbyists to work in their interests
they can express their sentiments
and make themselves heard. Dur
ing the late campaign Governor
Vance said in his speech at Hickory
in discussing the issues of the day,
that the reason why the people as
compared with corporations and
monopolies had so little influence in
Congress was because the people
demanded nothing and took what
they got, while the corporations and
monopolies demanded and were gen
erally more or less successful in
securing their demands. This is
true and while the farming class
constitute the great bulk of our
population it is especially true of
them. In view- of these facts we
suggest that the farmers' clubs of
the State take under consideration
such matters of legislative character
as may affect them, discuss them
and send us the result of such dis
cussion for publication in the Pro
gressive Farmer. This will be one
method of making their sentiments
known to their representatives in
the Legislature.
If you intend to plant a vineyard,
there is no difficulty in propagating
Concords, or in fact any of its type,
from cuttings. Varieties that do not
(strike" well may generally be
coaxed to grow, if a little of the
old wood is taken with the wood of
the present season's growth, which
alone should be used for cuttings.
The old wood at the base assists the
starting of the roots. The time to
make the cuttings is now. Cut the
canes into even lengths of two or
three buds with a slanting cut. Tie
them in bundles of twenty to fifty
with a withe; set them on their
buts, and cover them entirely with
a mound of earth for the winter. As
early in the spring as the ground
can be worked, dig a slanting trench
and place the cuttings in this, six
inches apart, and so the top bud will
bo even with the surface. In filling
the trench tramp the earth firmly
about the base of the cuttings, and
the most of them should grow.
Keep them carefully hoed and en
tirely free of weeds. It' will not be
necessary to tie up the vines. In
the succeeding spring they will be
ready for planting in the vineyard,
being cut back to two eyes each,
only one of which should be allowed
to finally grow.
In some sections of the State no
subject entered into the recent can
vass that created so much interest
and excited so much harcl feeling as
the " no fence law." - Indeed it over
shadowed all the, other questions
and decided the election in
This unfortunate state of things
in our judgment could and should
have been obviated. The farmers
of our State arc eminently conserva
tive. They are slow to adopt new
ideas and new systems, even when
presented under most favorable cir
cumstances. They are cautious and
prudent. Especially are they jeal
ous of their rights. They may be
led but they cannot be driven.
The act of the Legislature of 1877
establishing the Department of Agri
culture among other duties charged
tneBoard :
" fJ he sixth clause of Sec. 7 of the Act
chargesUvour Board 'with the collection
of statistics relating to the subject of
fences, with suggestions for diminishing
their cost, and the conditions under
which they may be dispensed with alto
gether.' "
The commissioner after laborious
investigation the subject in which
he had the efficient aid of many of
the most intelligent farmers in u
sections of the 1tate and of special
committies appointed by the North.
Carolina State Agricultural Society
and by the Boaiipke and Tar River
Agricultural Association, submitted
his report to the Board of Agricul
ture at the opening session of 1879
In that report the Commissioner
MtVlU . Si
"Our people, always cautious in accept
ing innovations, fnay be slow to
adopt a system whicjh must ultimately
revolutionize long-established habits and
ideas; but the investigation of this sub
ject, now so actively instituted, will no
doubt direct their sober judgment to a
c rrect conclusion. The wants and
necessities of different localities vary
greatly, and any lawj arbitrarily abolish
ing the present sytem, while it might
meet the requirements of old and thick
ly settled communiiies, would doubtless
work hardship anddamage to those not
so well advanced." jA
He then reconmended the enaefcj
ment ot a " local-option law on the
subject, to renain on our Statute
books, that any township or county
might vote op it as they chose and
that thus the people themselves
should say whether or not they
desired such a change.
As Commissioner and having
received all the best available infor
mation ye could as to the necessity
for the change and the sentiments
of the people in all sections of our
Statewe made that recommendation
and ur report was endorsed by the
Boird of Agriculture and by Gov
ernor Vance to the legislature. We
have seen no reason since why that
dblirse was not the correct one. We
believed it then and we believe it
now. Indeed if we had doubted it,
the recent opposition to the law, as
passed by the last legislature would
confirm us in the views then advo
cated. We hope in all future legislation
on this subject to see the old idea
of the sovereignty of the people
respected. Put the law on the
books, and let the people say at the
ballot box whether or not they want
such a change. The existence- of
such a law would evoke reflection,
discussion and research, which
would doubtless result in a decision
that would best subserve the true
interests of the people. And what
is scarcely less desirable, it would
move it from the arena of politics.
The reports that come from the
fairs held up to this time this year
in North Carolina represent the
stock exhibits as very fine. This is
very gratifying and shows that the
farmers of the State are giving stock
raising much more attention than
they did in years gone by even up
to a few years past. There has been
a marked improvement not only in
the stock but a large increase in the
numbers. The increase wou d have
been greater but for the fact that it
costs considerable money to pur
chase thoroughbred stock, and it is
generally only the farmers who are
in independent circumstances that
venture the investment. The ob
stacle of the cost might be overcome
Xvhpm Farniftra' fliilw tiv nifrini'il
by the club becoming the purchaser
of the males of any desired stock for
the use of those members of the club
who were stock raisers, for the use
also of others not club members at a
reasonable charge. Thus the first
cost, which would be large for the
ordinary farmer to bear in these
times of short crops and low prices,
would be distributed among a num
ber in such portions that none would
feel it severely, while alL would be
benefitted and more than repaid the
first year for the investment.
Where there are no clubs a few
neighbors might combine and to
gether become the joint owners of
such stock, for breeding purposes, as
they desired. Co-operation is a big
thing, and nowhere can it be prac
ticed to better advantages than in
the domain of stock raising.
The Battleboro (Edgecombe coun
ty) Headlight of last week contains
a sensible editorial on the outlook
for cotton planters which it pro
nounces exceedingly cheerless. The
crop in that section is of good qual
ity but the price low, and the ques
tion with the planter is whether to
market now or wait for an advance
in prices which may not come. The
inner who owes nothing and has
nough to eat at home may do this,
ut the farmer who is in debt, or
who is compelled to purchase his
bread cannot do this. He must sell
regardless of price, whether the
rop brings enough to pay for his
labor or not. The fact is the profit
in cotton culture is oecoming less
and less every year, if there be any
rofit in it at all, which we do not
elieve there is, for with few excep
ions, the crop costs as much or
more to make than it brings on mar
ket. The only escape from impend
ing ruin is in diversified farming.
A the Headlight well says "We
must resolve at once to abandon the
sureidal system and hereafter diver
sify our crops. With cribs filled
with grain, our pastures with cattle,
our! barns with tobacco, our yards
with poultry, we have a full guaran
tee! of plenty for the future, regard
less of merchants and if we have no
reiidy cash we can manage to get
al0ng very well without it until
another cotton crop is harvested.
It is so easy to do this that it does
seem strange that people will not do
it! We exist on scanty allowance
tht of the roughest kind and
whais worse still, are living with
out Jiope."
If is remarkable, very remarkable,
that farmers who expect to live by
thc farm and lay up anything for
themselves or their children will
continue in the same old ruts 'year
aflter year and toil hard in raising
thre same crop which in one year
out of five doesnotpay for the actual
labW and expense in producing it.
Wesay this is remarkable because
nobbdy but the farmer will continue
to produce that which does not pay
him Jbr his time, labor and capital
invested. The , manufacturer don't
do if?. When there is over produc
tion and prices run too low he
shnts down until the stock on hand
is reduced and prices advance. The
Vt 1 t ?i J At . .11
iarmer aione aoes it anu tiie colluu
planter seems to cling to it with
more pertinacity than others
There is hardly a crop raised on
the farm that would not pay better
when the work is well done than
cotton. On average fair land corn,
wheat, oats, grass, potatoes, peas,
beans and many other things would i
pay better, wnue tne cultivation oi
some ot tnese crops wouiu improve
the lands and add to their value,
and at the same time supply the
farmer with his home supplies and
No. 40.
thus put him in a position to feel
independent whether he has money
in his purse or not. And to feel
that way is worth a good deal.
A question that seems too promi
nent at present among farmers, is
the consideration of size and weight
in breeding, as though wo bred
horses as we do cattle, for the
amount of meat they produce. Our
Eastern farmers well know that
a horse of 1000 lbs weight or even
less will perform its varied round
of employment quite as effi
ciently and with less wear than a
horse with 200 or 400 lbs additional
weight. If the farmer wants to
raise colts for his own use from
mares of ordinary hight and weight
it is ill advised to breed them to
stallions of a larger type, as the
progeny is more likely to show de
tects in build or gait. One point
must not be lost sight of, that the
dam controls size in offspring more
than the sire. The Percheron has
been bred to what he now is by
Arab stallions and large mares.
Shall we not make a mistake by
working in the opposite direction
with large stallionsand small mares?
I have a list of examples to that
eTect in my recollection of breed
ing during the past forty years,
prominent among them was a small
Canadian mare which gave her first
foal the year she was bought. The
colt proved a coarse ungainly brute
and was sold for a cart horse at a
low price. The mare was afterward
bred to a small but good stallion,
and her colts proved every way
good and sold at a high prices. If
we know what we want, we shall be
more likely to succeed than if we
proceed in a haphazard way.
We find ourselves in possession of
mares which rarely exceed 16 hands
high or 1100 lbs weight and very
many which reach us no more than
15 hands high with a weight of
900 lbs. It cannot be expected that
farmers will to any great extent
change their mares, hence it follows,
what is best to raise from such
stock as we have? There seems to
be a certain adaptation in growth
to the necessities of the land. Thus
we find large horses on the heavy
and productive land of Pennsylvania
and the Western States, while the
growth of New England is of a
smaller type.
When we examine the markets
and find the class of horses which
sell at the highest prices, gentle
men's driving horses supersede all
others, excepting such as may be
trained for the track. Two hun
dred and fifty dollars buys a first
class work horse in any of our mar
ket cities, although I have paid $350
for seventeen hands high and 1400
pounds weight, to mate a team for
heavy draft. Such horses I found of
great value in hauling heavy loads
at a walking gait and after keeping
one team in service eight years, I
sold them at an advance in price to a
city brewer. On the farm I find no
profitable place for horses of that
size and weight, nor do I think that
many farmers will find profit in at
tempting to breed them, and only
under favorable conditions. J. H.
Dickerman, in Farm and Home.
Two of the largest castings in
t ie world are to be seen at Nara and
Kamakura, Japan, the one at tho lat
ter place being forty-seven feet high,
and the other, at Nara, being 53
feet from the base to the crown of
its head. The statue at Nara is sup
posed to have been erected in the
eighth century, but it was destroyed
and recast about 700 years since.
In endeavoring to recast it several
mishaps occurred, and when at last
success came, some few thousand
tons of charcoal had been used.
The casting which is an alloy of iron,
gold, tin and copper, is estimated, to
weigh 450 tons.

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