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The progressive farmer. [volume] (Winston, N.C.) 1886-1904, November 17, 1886, Image 1

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What our Farmers are Doing and How
the Work of Organizing is Progressing.
Hickory, November 11, 1886.
Editor Progressive Farmer.
The busy season for the farmers being
somewhat over, many farmers have
rigged up their wagons for a trip to
the mountains of Caldwell and
Watauga counties for a supply of
apples which should have been grown
in our own Catawba orchards and
could, if the people lOj-earsago had
given proper attention, and planted
the trees in suitable land. Moder
ately low moist land is best for late
t Since the Fair at Hickory, the
farmers having heard the good prac
tical speech of Col. Polk on better
education and better farming, are
uniting more and more and are
beginning to see things in a some
what different ligbt, and already
more farmers' clubs are being formed
for successful work. A visit through
Catawba and Lincoln counties will
show a much larger area of land in
grass and clover than ever before.
Owing to the continued drouth the
area in wheat will be far less than
was intended. The cotton crop is
estimated at one-third, and in many
cases one-half less than last year.
The new Iron bridge across South
Fork, near Lincolnton, is completed
at a cost of $3,500. Some of the
leading men of that county think
that a wooden bridge built upon
rock pillars and kept coursed would
last as Jong and would have .cost
less than half the amount.
There is a young cow in that
county that gives a pint of milk each
milking, but has never had a calf,
having been brought to milk by an
other calf sucking her.
ERS. We publish elsewherethe resolu
tions adopted bythe convention of
farmers in, Columbia S. C, last
Wednesday, and cojnmend them to
the careful "consideration of the
farmers of this State. The move
ment among thi farmers of our sis
ter State, which has now attained
such proportions as to command the
respect of the party leaders, was in
augurated within the past year,
under the lead of men who were in
earnest, who had followers who
were in earnest. It its incipiency
the motives of the leaders were
questioned, discussed and criticized.
The effort was made to check the
movement at first by ridicule and
then by denunciation; but neither
succeeded, and the work went on.
The ridiculers and denouncers soon
changed their tune and recognized
the power which they could
not crush. Several months
ago the first convention was held in
Columbia and it was found that
instead of being composed of a
few discontented men with po
litical aspirations, to whom the
movement had been attributed,
it was composed of representative
farmers, of some of the best and
most substantial farmers and citizens
in the State. It seemed to be a sur
prise to those who had tried to be
little it, and they at once recognized
that body as one that could not be
trifled with. It was no gathering of
men concocting schemes for the ad
vancement of personal interests, but
to speak for the farmers of South
Carolina, to declare their grievances
and demand their rights. They
made their declaration and formula
ted their demands. A committee on
resolutions was formed to report at
a subsequent meeting, and this com
mittee after due consideration pre
sented the resolutions at the meet
ing last Wednesday which we pub
lish in this paper.
There is nothing inflammatory, or
not-blooded about them. Though
pertinent and
they are
thoughtful and conservative. They
voice the sentiments of theJarmers
of South Carolina strongly, but
respectfully, to the men vfho are to
compose the next legislature of
South Carolina, and tellthem what
the farmers of that Spate have a
right to expect and insist upon at
their hands. There is no buncombe,
no bluster about it, but plain, matter-of-fact
business talli by men who
Ills 1 f 1
assemoiea lor business ana mean
We congratulate tl
that State on this met
in their interest, for
e iarmers oi
nodical action
kvhile it may
not at once result in accomplishing
all they seek or wish, it will accom
plish much, and lead to the accom
plishment of even more perhaps
than is demanded now. As a rule
men who shape public policy have a
great respect for interests which
show a disposition and have the
ability to take care of themselves.
They respect what they cannot con
temn and dare not defy. Now that
the farmers of South Carolina have
shown both the disposition and
ability to take care of themselves
we venture the prediction that there
demands by the legislature which
UCAl ilSSUIUUlC'S 111 UlilL OltlLU. j
North Carolina Has 2095 Miles of Rail
way. We are indebted to a friend who
is informed on the subject for the
following summary of the Railway
system in this State showing a total
of 2095 miles: -
Goldsboro to Charlotte 223,15
Greensboro to Salem 25,20
Danville to Greensboro, in N. C... 45,00
Atlanta and Charlotte in N. C 43,65
Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley, Gr.
to S. C. State line 144,50
S. C. Pacific Ry, in State 10,50
Carolina central, Wilmington to
Shelby 242,00
Albemarle & Raleigh 32,00
Asheville & Spartansburg 48,00
Atlantic & N. Carolina 1)5,00
Atlantic, Tennessee & Ohio 44,00
Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta... 11,50
Cheraw & Salisbury 14,00
Chester & Lenoir 62,20
Danville, Mocksville & South
Western 7,75
Suffolk & Carolina 60,00
East Tenn. & West. N. C 3,00
James ville & Washington 22,00
Meherin Valley 1,25
Milton & Southerlan 25
Norfolk & Southern 52,89
Oxford to Henderson 13,00
Weldon to Pleasant Hill 9,39
Seaboard & Roanoke 20,50
Raleigh & Augusta Air Line 107,75
Raleigh & Gaston 95,75
Warren ton 3,00
Louisburg 10,90
Western North Carolina 282,00.
Wilmington, Columbia &
Augusta 66,00
Wilmington & Weldon 227,00
Wilson & Fayetteville 74
Goldsboro Messenger.
Mr. W. J. Eudy, of this county,
would answer this question by say
ing Wra. Whitley, of Stanly county,
whose age is stated to be 110 years.
Mr. Eudy is 60 himself, is a native
of Stanly and says as far back as he
can recollect the old gentleman
was known as "Old Man Billy Whit
ley." He lives with his grandson
William Whitley, a man of forty or
fifty years, who says there is no
doubt about the age of his grand
father. Mr. Eudy met the old man
lately and says he was stepping
around as nimbly as a youth of fifty
and cutting up his tobacco like a
patent granulator, with his third
set of teeth, which are small like a
child's, black and sharp-pointed.
Statesville Landmark.
Mr. T. A. Linker of No. 1 town
spip has discovered a vein of very
rich gold ore. The ore is very free
and can be reduced rapidly in a
tamps mill. Coneord Register.
tflttf paramount: to.au other considerations OF
iouth Carolina Farmers in Convention.
A Few Practical Suggestions to
J the Law Makers.
e farmers of
are awake, and thev
e moving,
vention in
llley held a rousing
Columbia last AVedn
ay, at which
me 101 lowing piaxiorm was re
ported by the committee on resolu
tions and adoptetf.
After due consideration of the va
rious resolutions referred to us, and
taking into ccnsideration the power
invented in us to make independent
recomendatons of our own voli
tion! we suomit theVollowing plat
form as eiibod3Ting the substance of
sucn resolutions aw were acted upon
favorably by the committee, and as
indficatinr the reforms and measures
I I r 11 Mr
ich we deem of great importance
toour interests as farmers and citi
We, the farmers of South Caroli-
a, in convention assembled, after
nature deliberation, and after all the
light and experience gained since our
last convention from the fullest dis
cussion among ourselves as to the
general objects to be attained, here
by express our continued and unsha
ken confidence in our farmers' associ
aton as now organized to accom
plish great good for the State, if
properly conducted and kept within
legitimate bounds, and we hereby
reiterate our determination that
there shall be henc efjrth in South
Carolina an organiziit on for the pro
tection and advancement of our ag
ricultural interests
In furtherance of this purpose, and
as embodying the present views of
the farmers of the State, we respect
fully urge upon our General Assem
bly the necessity and advisability of
the following measures:
1. The establishment of a real ag
ricultural college, separate and dis
tinct from the South Carolina Col
lege, and modelled after those of Mis
sissippi and Michigan. We believe
that the necessary funds to build and
equip this institution can be secured
by lopping off needless expenditures
and abolishing or consolidating use-;
less offices, without increased taxa-l
a.: Tf- -....ii .1 .A
lion. e iuruicr lecoiniiieuu, us iv
means to assist in building the instil
tution, that the different counties ot
the State be empowered to bid for
it by offering bonds or land.
2. That an experimental station
should be established at or in connec
tion with said agricultural and Me-fl
chanical College, the same to be unj
der the charge of its faculty, and:
that we memorialize Congres to pass
the bill introduced by Mr. Hatch, and
now pending, which apropriates
$15,000 annually to each State for the
purpose, and that we ask our Sena
tors and Congressmen to use all
legitimate means to secure its pass
3. That in order that our agricul
tural administration may be divorced ;i
as far as possible from politics and
politicians, and the best men quali
fied to perform these important
duties be selected by those most com
petent to judge, in order that we)
may secure a board of agriculture at
once, efficient, zealous and represen-i
tative, who know our needs and will
try to supply them, we also urgej
tnat instead 01 Deing cnosen uy mi on
legislature they be elected by thisJ
Farmers' Association. The board of
Hnrmprs Association, liie DOard OI
agriculture should consist of ten
members five elected annually. They
should have the power to elect their
own secretary, whose duties would
correspond with those of the presents
commissioner, xneir uuues wouiu
be the same as the law imposes on
our present board, except as to the
collection of the phosphate royalty
which should be given to the Comp
troller General. In addition they
should have control of the agricul
tural college and experiment sta
tion, and should by means of farmers'
institutions build up and keep alive
coming agricultural associations.
4. That the system of inspection of
fertilizers is now defective, and no
adequate punishment for frauds pro
vided. YWe therefore urge such ad
ditionaHegislation as will secure the
needed protection without imposing
unnecessary restraint upon , the
manufacture and sale of fertilizers.
Cotton se d meal, whether s4d as a
fertilizer cr as feed for stocj, should
be inspected and its adulteration
5. We ujrtre the Letrislature not to
squander the State's property by al
lowing th wholesale exportation of
phosphate's at merely nominal prices
and that jwith aview of lessening
the burdens of taxation, they take
into consideration the advisability of
increasing the phosphate royalty.
G. We recommend the passage of
such legislation as will protect the
farmers of the State against imposi
tion and fraud in the weighing of
7. We respectfully urge such
legislation as will protect us against
forest fires, negligently started.
8. The equilization of taxes de
mands earnest consideration at
the hands of the Legislature and
we urge such action as can best se
cure it.
9. We urge such alterations of the
fee bill as will guard the estates of
dead persons against abusesand pro
vide protection for widows and or
phans. 10. In order to secure the needed
reforms in our county governments
and to reduce the burden of taxa
tion, as well as to secure such chang
es in the judicial system as may be
needed, we earnestly request our
legislators to consider the advisabil
ity of calling a constitutional con-
vention unless, in their judgment.
Who necessary changes may be better
obtained bv amendment
f Arrangements have been made to
yiave a committee ot three members
pf the executive committee to reside
!n Columbia during the session of
the Legislature to introduce the
platform to the General assembly
and to urge the passage of the
measures therein recommended.
If any one wishes to know what
a heavy tax the rail fence imposes
on its owner, let him take a 100
acre farm and measure the loss. A
rail fence will occupy a space one
yard wide. A 100 acre farm has
one third of a mile front, and about
one half a mile deep. Or, we may
say,, 1,800 feet front, and 2,400 feet
deep. Now we have two sides
1,800 feet, making 3,600 feet, and
two sides 2,400 feet making 4,800
feet or a total of 8,400 feet. Multi
ply this by the three feet occupied
by the fence, all around the field
and we have 25,200 feet. This is
Uhe space that the rail fence will
take up. i n us, in oroer 10 secure
what some suppose to beaneconom
cal fence, the farmer taxes himself
all this ground on a field of 100
acres. If his crops are worth $10
an acre he pays tax thereon to. his
fence. If his crops pay him $20 per
acre, he pays tithe to his fence.
Such a fence is a dear luxury. It
also harbors all the weeds that can
find a foothold in its corners, ren
ders the farm unsightly and is more
laborious to build. The only advant
age in it is that the farmer can get
the rails on his tarm, and is, there-
fore not compelIed to pay out cash
:n - i.. u
tiie sawmill ui iu mo iuuii.c;i-
merchant, but he pays for the fence
in land and crops. This percent of
is land goes to that fence eveiy
year and 10 per cent more for work
done in getting rid of weeds seeded
over the farm from its corners, in
which harbor not only insects and
vermin, but rabbits to gnaw the
trees. Let the crooked rail fence go.
It is not cheap at any price. Farm,
Field and Stockman.
The farmers of Franklin township,
Rowan county organized a farmers'
club last Saturday, and another will
be organized in Scotch Irish town
ship next Saturday.
No. 41.
The Rocky Mount cotton mills
are being run night and day, to keep
up with the orders. The manufactu
rers of cotton are now making mon
ey we gladly notice. Goldsboro
Satisfactory progress is being
made on the new Female College
building. It is expected to have it
completed by the first of January.
The session will open January 17.
Henderson Goldleaf.
Wilmot Leach died in Washing
ton Tuesday morning, and was
buried yesterday at Hopewell, Ran
dolph county. He had been in fee
ble health a long time, and went to
Washington a few weeks ago, hop
ing to be benefited by the change.
Lexington Dispatch .
Durham shipped last week 63,
420 pounds of smoking tobacco,
worth $22,987; (JG7 pounds of chew
ing tobacco worth $200; 1,078
pounds of snuff; 5,597,500 cigarettes
worth $18,424.70. At the warehous
es last week 68,627 pounds of leaf
tobacco were sold for $6,792.77.
Durham Plant.
At Salisbury last week wo saw
several carloads of fat beef cattle
and hogs being shipped from West
ern North Carolina to the Rich
mond and Baltimore markets. We
were told the cattle were chiefly
from Cherokee, Haywood and other
western counties. Cliarlottc Demo
crat. WTe are informed that two Mor
mon missionaries, Parley M. Bing
ham and M. 1). Ferrier, preached at
old Red Level church in Monroe
township and about five miles south-
west ot Monroe, last rnday night
nd expect to preach there again to-
iorrow nignt. in tne meanwniio
re learn they are preaching from
louse to house. We were shown
recently by Mr. J. G. Rogers, the
agent of the Franklin Davis Nurser-
A v - -B- ' a v v w j v -r m a a v
simmon, about which we have heard
p great deal. This specimen was
from a three year old tree and we
e assured that it was not a fair
sample of the fruit at its best. . It
was about the size of a teacup. The
fruit is said to be of delicious flavor.
We hope it may be introduced ex
tensively in this section. It is said
our soil is well adapted to it. Mon
roe1 Enquirer.
j Nearly every body complains
that the sweet potatoes are all rot
ting. We notice that a number
of persons in this section have sowed
a-mixture of wheat and oats. They
say they can raise more grain by
this than to sow either of these
grains separately. -Hogs are dy
ing to a considerable extent in Win
ston. Messrs. Pfohl & Stockton lost
two nice ones on Monday and two
more on Tuesday. Some of them
would have weighed 300 pounds.
We hear of others who have hogs
sick. A few have also died in
Salem. John Taylor, of this coun
ty, 'ma de 60 gallons of molasses from
the cane that grew on three quar
ters of an acre of ground. He is
selling the molasses at 40 cents a
gallon. It would bring $24, being
the rate of $32 an acre. The ground
was not veiy fertile and would not
have produced more than 10 or 12
bushels of corn per acre. Salem
In purchasing furs, a sure test of
what dealers call prime fur is length
and density of the down next the
skin ; this can be readily determined
by blowing a brisk current of air
from the mouth ki against the set of
fur." If the fiber opens readily, ex
poses the HKin to view, reject uie
article; but if the down is so dense
that the breath cannot penetrate it,
or, at most, shows but a small por
tion of the skin, the article may be
. . ' - ii
1 1 s

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