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W0G1ESSIT1 Vol. 1. OUR FARMERS' CLUBS. What our Farmers are Doing and How the Work of Organizing is Progressing. MT. TABOR CLUB. Minutes of Meeting iVb. 2. Held December 10, 1886. The meeting was called to order by the President at the usual hour. Mr. Pfaff, the President, proposed a competitive trial on five thousand hills of tobacco, and David Endsley offered a like proposition on one acre of oats. The President appointed Isaac Petree, J. L. Pratt and J. T. Ziglar a committee to devise a plan for and specify the conditions of said trial and report at the next meeting. The President presented the sub ject of discussion: The making and applying of manure to the best ad vantage. David Endsley advocated shelter ing the manure. When cleaning out stables he uses woodsmold and rich earth. To every 2000 pounds of this mixture he adds $1.50 worth of saltpetre and $1.50 worth of pot ash. Regards this as good for tobac co or vegetables if enough be put on to do good. Plow land deep and subsoil. F. W. Pfaff asked if theabove will drill. Mr. Endsley. It will, and I can say this: If it is not as good as $14 worth of chemicals I will pay the $14 myself. Mr. Flavius Pfaff endorsed his ! statements, saying he had used the above with satisfactory results. J. L. Pratt would use a different plan from the above, would shelter manure. When stables are cleaned out he would put dirt in stables to absorb liquids. Put a layer of rich dirt and a layer of manure on a rick under shelter and so on until complete and allow to rot. Lost large amount of manure by expos ure to drenching rains. Cleaning out stables and sheltering manure will retain all the ammonia that would otherwise be lost by expos ure to ram and sun. Mr. Endsley explained that the addition of salt and potash with dry earth renders the heap fine enough for drilling and that whenever lumps are found they can be removed for broadcasting. F. W. Pfaff advised saving all ashes to mix other ingredients. Ex pects to try this. Advocated prac ticing what we preach. We must try these experiences as well as talk about them. A. J. Burrus did not expect to be called on so soon. He felt like the negro boy who, when asked to lead in prayer, said, "O Lord thou know est that I am so frightened that I do not know what to say." He recalled his work on his fathers farm of gath ering into pens all manure ot any fertilizing value. Favors use of pine straw mixed with potash and lime. W. H. Con ley differed from Messrs. Burrus and Pfaff in use of ashes and lime. Would not mix these with a compost heap as they liberate the gases to farmers' loss. He favors the free use of home-made compost with as little of the chemicals as p ssible. Would apply the above two separately from the manure itself. J. T. Zigler thought we all talked a good deal and knew better than "We do. We must now go and do some of these things we talk about. Isaac Petree had listened to so much scientific talk on the subject that he would give some practical ideas. Ho believes in shelter from the sun and rain and advised judge ment in spreading to economical advantage. He thinks the error of many is that thev do not apply enough. Hence its strength gives out after the first crop. Subject for discussion at the next meeting is "Winter work on the farm." The club adjourned to meet again on Jan. 7, 1887. Thomas Ring, Sec'y. 7W INDUSTRIAL AND EDUCATIONAL INTERESTS KERNERSVILLE CLUB. 1 A called meeting by the farmers of this township was held at Bluff school house on the 3rd of December 1886. About thirty or forty young and old were present and the follow ing question was suggested and dis cussed: What shall we do to make farm life more desirable? The dis cussion was opened by the President, G. W. Elliott, followed by sev eral others. They showed forth that the chief ways and methods by which farm life might become more desirable are as follows: We as farmers should cultivate fewer acres and a better soil which only can be obtained by a more scientific system. Deep plowing, followed by clover, grasses and rest with domes tic fertilizers is all that is necessary to build the soil, after which we find farm life more independent and pleasant than almost any other. Instead of clinging to the old scrub stock, let us exert every effort in procuring as fine as there is in the country, which cost no more to feed and produce four times the profit. Home industries should be patron ized. We should have better school houses and better methods of teach ing. Our churchesare inferior and too far apart. We want a better system of working the public roads; there aretoo many bosses getting big pay who are principally paid by the farming class. Had we all these things which can be obtained after a little time and all pulling steadily at the same end of the rope, we would then have fewer young men flocking to the city. F. C. Hasten, Sec'y. THE WORK IN HARNETT. Broadway, N. C , Dec. 10, 1886. Editor Progressive Farm er : T h e farmers of this vicinity have met and organized a club to be known as Upper Little River Township Club, No. 2, of Harnett county. Fifteen names were placed on the roll of members, and the following officers elected : President, Sandy Douglass ; Vice-President, Thos. Cameron ; Sec retary, A. L. McKay; Treasurer, Glasco McLean. An Executive Committee was chosen, composed as follows: Thomas McKay, Sandy McLean, and John Brunington. There were interesting speeches delivered by the President, Thomas Cameron, Hon. R. A. Dobbin, G. McLean, John Brunington, Thomas McKay, John McKay, S. McLean, S. F. McNeill, N. Minter, Albert Bethea, Albert McKay, and others. Among the visitors was Hon. G. W. Wo mack. The next meeting is appointed for the 27th inst., when we hope to con siderably increase our membership. With best 'wishes for the progress of our club and the good work in which it and other clubs are engaged in the effort to improve the condi tion of the farmer and benefit the coming generation, I am Respectfully, A. L. KcKay, Sec. ORGANIZING IN MOORE COUNTY. Pocket, Moore Co., N. C, ") December 10, 1886. j Editor Progressive Farmer: I thought perhaps a few lines from this section would be of interest. We were disappointed by Col. L. L. Polk not being with us as appointed, December 9. We organized a Farm er's Club with twenty-four members. Elected the following officers: President Evander McGil vary. 1st. Vice-President J. D. Henley. 2d. Vice-President-T.C. Campbell. Secretary J. F. Gilliam. Treasurer D. M. Underwood. Will meet again December 30, at 2 o'clock p. m. Would be pleased for Col. L. L. Polk to be with us at that time, if convenient. Evander McGtL vary, . . President. J. F. Gilliam, Secretary. Will be there, if we can. Mr. G. T. Ormond writes us from Hookerton, Green county, that a OF OUR PEOPLE PARAMOUNT TO WINSTON, N. 0., DECEMBER farmers' club has been organized at that place, with the following offi cers: President, J. A.Edwards; Vice President, J. T. Frizzle; Secretary, It. 1. Ormond ; Treasurer, J. J. Or mond. The editor qf the Progres sive Farmer acknowledges a press ing invitation to address the far mers of that county As an evidence of the stringency ot the money market, a whole barn of tobacco brought $2.50 at a mort gage sale Tuesday .r-Jjeaksinlle Echo. The Carolina Central has crossed Broad River Iron bridge and began again moving dirt" in its onward march toward Rutherfordton. Shel by Aurora. The Willow Brook cotton mills at High Point are to be rebuilt and will be in operation nextyear. These mills were burned more than two years ago. Asheboro Conner. Mr. T. F. Williamson has slaughtered the boss members of the swine tribe of the season, weighing 435, 405 and 380, making a total for the three of 1220 pounds. Winston Daily. Joseph Powell, colored, who was to have been hung next Friday tor burglary and rape has had his sentence commuted by the Governor to imprisonment for life, Battleboro Headlight. The new board of commission ers have cut the Gordian knot and on the first day resolved to sign the $75,000 bonds to the. Rutherford Railway Construction company. hhelby Aurora. Tobacco is now coming into market in good earnest, and is sell ing remarkably well. Warehouse men are smiling and the farmers are well pleased at prices received. Henderson Goldleaf. Mr. John Wadsworth yesterday killed eight hogs, the total weight of which, dressed, cut up and pad awav was .5,uu. me largesvniog in the lot netted 622 pouruT The hogs were of the Red Jerev breed 4 . ' The new Baptist ciiurch at An sonville is nearing completion. It will be an imposing structure when finished.- Rocky and Pedee Riv ers swarm with wild geese which are very tame at this season. Wadesboro Intelligencer. Mr. Geo. B. Han na, of the Assay office in Charlotte, gives the follow ing data of deposits at the various North Carolina mints from their or ganization to December 31st, 1885: Gold, $10,975,835.53, silver, $42, 282.51. Total $11,017,885.64. The new crop of tobacco thus far received on this market is of ex ceedingly poor quality and as a con sequence there has been very small demand for it. Good tobacco is in great demand and it will bring fine prices here. Statesville Landmark. The fire bugs have been at work in Perquimans. On the night of the 29th ult., three barns on Has kins farm were burned. They were filled with the crops of tenants of Mr. Winslow, and the loss falls heavily upon thein. Elizabeth City Falcon. Durham shipped last week 66, 631 pounds of smoking tobacco worth $19,434.20; 3,013 pounds of chewing tobacco worth $1,009.30; 5,747,000 cigarrettes, worth $18,773, 40; 9,500 cigars worth $324.50. At the warehouses last week 358,021 pounds of leaf tobacco was sold for $32,787.55. Durham Plant. The-Yamily of Mr. W. B. Tray- lor was poisoned this week by eat ing molasses, that through mistake had been drawn in a measure that was used for some kind of poisonous oil. This came very; near ending fatal and clerks should be particular about using measures where such things are kept. Tar River Talker. ALL OTHER CONSIDERATIONS OF STATE POLICY. 15, 1886. We have reason to hope that two new enterprises of great impor tance will soon be set on foot in Hickory. A man from Ohio is thinking of putting into operation a spoke and handle factory, and two men from Va. contemplate the estab lishment of shops for the manufact ure of agricultural implements. Hickory Press. A parochial school is now open at Walnut Cove in connection with the Episcopal congregation there. Miss Letitia Davis is the teacher. Speese who was tried here at the last court for killing James, when the jury did not agree to a verdict, was released from custody last Tuesday on his father going secu ri ty . Dan bury Reporter. Messrs. W. J. and J. M. Wads worth have shown us some of their Texas storm proof cotton. They raised 1800 pounds of fine long staple cotton of this kind on two acres of old field. This cotton is the friend of poor land and will grow and yield surprisingly upon it. These gentlemen will soon offer their seed to the cotton planters. Sanford Ex press. Several large hogs have been butchered in Kernersville within the last few weeks. The following are among the number: one by J. IT. Leak, weighing 501 pounds, W. II. Leak, 479; J. N. Leak, 422, R. Harmon, 477, J. W. Beard, 417 and one by M. C. Crews, weighing 413. There are several others yet to be killed that will probably raise the avkir'dge.-Kernersuille News and Farm . Samuel A. Hege killed two hogs 9 months old, weighing 232 and 224 pounds. W. A. Lemly killed two hogs weighing 390 and 440 pounds. A. S. Jones killed two hogs 82 months old weighing 308 and 310 pounds. John Foltz killed two hogs weighing 412 pounds. Jacob Foltz killed three hogs, weighing 232, 252, and 225 pounds. A.N. Reich killed two hogs weighing 400 and 440 pounds. balem Press.. AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES k " r r m 1 1. 1 1 it 1 - i ine Agricultural anu Jiecnanicai College of the State of Iowa, has 300 students, most of them sons and daughters of farmers and mechanics, who are receiving tuition free. The interest and rentals on the landgrant made by Congress in 1862 amounts to $45,000. With this money the salaries of teachers and the running expenses of the institution are paid. The President is W. I. Chamberlain, a farmer. Wefflnd a letter from him in one of ouragricultural exchanges which cortiainV some points, which apply with much force to North Carolina, bpeaking of the way the land scrip fund has been applied in certain States, he says: "I think the agricultural colleges of Michigan, Iowa, Kansas, Colorado, Mis sissippi and some other States have been true to the idea of the Congressional grants. In some other States the man agers have attached the agricultural college as a department of an already existing university, or have tried to build up a full university on the basis of the land grants. To me this has always seemed a perversion of the trust, or at least a diversion of the funds. It has also seemed to me that it could never have taken place if the farmers had themselves been wide-awake." North Carolina, we are sorry to say, is one of those "other States" where "the managers have tried to build up a full university on the basis of the land grants," not by "attaching the agricultural college as a department to an already exist ing university, but by attaching a fictitious agricultural college, which never did and has not now an exist ence anywhere save in print between the covers of the University cata logue. A name only, and nothing more. We have taken the position in this paper that this was a viola tion of the agreement entered into by the State when it accepted the land grant made J by Congress, with the conditions accompanying it. Mr. Chamberlain considers it a "perver sion of the trust, or at least a diver No. 45, sion of the funds." And so will say other disinterested persons who give the subject a moment's thought. "This could never have taken place," he remarks, "if the farmers themselves had been ,wide awake." This is true, for in some States where an effort was made to" gobble up this fund for the benefit of others, and not farmers, the farmers were wide awake, demanded it and got it. Had the farmers of North Carolina been awake and stood up for their own as they should have done the 270,000 acres of land donated by Congress would not have been lost to them, nor scrip for these 270,000 acres representing at least $270,000, have been converted through nefarious legislation into worthless special tax bonds. A succeeding legislature was considerate enough to undo the wrong to the extent of putting $125, 000 valuation on $270,000 worth of property, on which six per cent, annual interest is paid by the State, amounting to $7,500, which has gone for the past eleven years to the University which until recently did not make even the pretense of hav ing an agricultural college in any way connected with it. During these eleven years the farmers of the State, as they are now doingr vauJ. most of the taxes out of which this $7,500 came, and got in return not one dollar's worth of benefit.. During all this time the farmers of the State were silent, no voice was raised in protest against it. They lost the land scrip, but said nothing, and have gone on for eleven years anil paid into the treasury the largest portion of $82,500 for which they have received nothing in return, and said nothing. But they are begin ning to wake, and ask why is thisf And they mean to have an answer when they put the question. They have learned the history of this land scrip business, and many of them, very many of them are doing some very vigorous thinking about it, ami not a few think aloud, their thought, taking the shape of resolutions de- ding that the legislature take steps-to prevent the further "per version orV4he trust'" or "diversion of the fund 8. VALUE OfNrED CLOVER. HT 1 111 we nave aiwajrs ueen a nrm believer in the valua of red clover; every person who has given, the matte." careful attention will coin cide. It is one of the most valuable of plants as a means of improving the fertility of the smly as it is for a forage plant, where'er the soil and climate is naturalto it, and this is generally the case up to the 100th meridian and from 36 of latitude tqr to and beyond the limits of the United States. Prof. S. L. Knapp, in a letter to the Iowa Homestead, ys that the composition of red A cipver is similar to cow s milk. As toits power of absorbing manure, itsVfeeding value, etc., it is presented as bllows: ( 'lover is a wonderful feeder; it greedily devours barn-yard manure anc ashes and has a special liking for gypsum. As a grain food it is not necessary to find a better. Plac ing a bunch of red clover when auout seven or eight inches tall, bfeside a similar bunch of alfalfa, rchard grass, Italian grass, etc., nd allowing cow, sheep and pig to decide the question of relative pal atability, in every case the pig and sheep took the clover first and in most cases the cow did the same. An acre of good clover will produce in one season twelve tons or more of green food. Red clover when young has a nutritive ratio of one to two, which shows that it is near ly equal to oil-meal for growing young animals. As the plant ap proaches maturity the water, the ash, the fats and the albuminoids decrease, and the carbhydrates and crude fibre increase till in full the nutritive ratio is one to three-cx-cellent food as hay, but not so strong in1 flesh forming material' as ear- lier. - . . ... f ,. I! t ! i a it I 1 A- 1. 1 V At 1" Ml I It u j . "