Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday, September 15, 1903.
THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER THIS WEEK'S PAPER SOME RANDOM COM MENT. There are a number of valuable suggestions in ilr. Kerriam's article on wheat growing. Farm ers who have observed Mr. Franklin Sherman's rules for combating the Hessian fly and who do not sow too early are likely to escape the ravages of this pest next season. Alfalfa ought to be more generally grown in Xorth Carolina and we direct attention to our articles on this subject. Col. Carr has been grow ing: it successfully for a number of years at Occoneechee, and Dr. Kilgore reports that it is doing well on the test farms. The best we have seen was near Norfolk two weeks ago. The heading on page 2, "Figure On a Short Cotton Crop," should be "Figure on a Short 'Corn' Crop." A small yield and a stiff price is the out look just now. The Charlotte Observer's assertion that the farmers of the South will get $000,000,000 for their cotton, whatever the size of the crop, seems to be justified by existing conditions. It will be remembered that Mr. D. A. Tompkins showed in his article last week that $300,000,000 has been the average price for the Southern output here tofore. The change will do much to promote Southern prosperity. Walt Whitman was an eccentric poet, but there was much reason in his revolt against the cold formalities, the solemn plausibilities, of the old school masters. "When I Heard the Great As tronomer" admirably expresses his belief that it is better to know and love nature than to know any quantity of dry facts and figures about na ture. "O Captain! My Captain!" is a eulogy on the death of Lincoln "fallen cold and dead" just as the Ship of State reaches the port of peace. There is an imperative need of a parcels post system in this country, and the people ought to keep up the agitation until the reform is intro duced. The article on page 11 sets forth some reasons for advocating its adoption. Valuable as it would be to city people, it would be a much greater convenience to country people who are served by rural free delivery route3. Mr. White's article on the tobacco situation re minds us of the strenuous efforts the American Tobacco Company is making to monopolize the retail as well as the wholesale trade. All over Xew York City now there are beautifully kept branches of the United Cigar Stores Company, and they are said to be selling goods at half price and less in the effort to "freeze out" the inde pendent retailers. If a tobacco dealer fails to accept the Trust's terms in any 'particular, a new and finer store than his is opened up beside him and goods are sold at a ruinous sacrifice until his business is destroyed. If our anti-trust laws were not cowardly makeshifts, such methods would not be tolerated. Mr. K. F. Beasly, Superintendent of Public Instruction for Union County, makes the follow ing announcement: "Notice is hereby given that teachers who take the examination in October will be required to stand an examination on the new text-book 'Agriculture for Beginners' at the October examination. The text-book can be had at State depositories Monroe, Marsville and Wax haw for sixty cents. The new text-book must be tauirht in every public school in the county. Teachers and school officials in other counties should ulso see to it that this study immediately hnds its place in the curriculum. On the seventieth anniversary of his birth, which he recently celebrated, a noted United States Senator said, "My idea of the only way to forced in politics is included in the following principles perseverance, truthfulness, fidelity to tru-nds, fairness to foes; above all, strict integrity- I have sought to observe these principles, no matter whether I was up or down, and it has paid." This is as good a rule for business as for politics. Selected. The Fundamental Virtues of Good Citizenship. There is no room in out healthy American life for the mere idler, for the man or the woman whose object it is throughout life to shirk the duties which life ought to bring. Life can mean nothing worth meaning, unless its prime aim is the doing of duty, the achievement of results worth achieving. A recent writer has finely said: fAfter all, the saddest thing that can happen to a man is to carry no burdens. To be bent under too great a load is bad; to be crushed by it is lamentable ; but even in that there are possibili ties that are glorious. But to carry no lead at all there is nothing in that. No one seems to ar rive at any goal really worth reaching in this world who does not come to it heavy laden." Surely from our own experience each one of us knows that this is true. From the greatest to the smallest, happiness and usefulness are large ly found in the same soul, and the joy of life is won in its deepest and truest sense only by those who have not shirked life's burdens. To win suc cess in the business world, to become a first-class mechanic, a successful farmer, an able lawyer or doctor, means that the man has devoted his best energy and power through lohg years to the achievement of his ends. So it is in the life of the family, upon which in the last analysis the whole welfare of the nation rests. The man or woman who as as bread-winner and home-maker, or as wife and mother, has done all that he or she can do, patiently and uncomplainingly, is to be honored; and is to be envied by all those who have never had the good fortune to feel the need and duty of doing such work. The w-Qman who has borne, and who has reared as they shpuld be reared, a family of children, has jn the most em phatic manner deserved well of the Republic. Her burden has been heavy, and she has been able to bear it worthily only by the possession of reso lution, of good sense, of conscience, and of un selfishness. But if she has borne it well, then to her shall come the supreme blessing, for in thG words of the oldest and greatest of books, ' "Her children shall rise up and call her blessed;" and among tho benefactors of the land her place must be with those who have done the best and the hardest work, whether as law-givers or as soldiers, whether in, public or in private life. This is not a soft and easy creed to preach. It is a creed willingly learned only by men and women who, together with the softest virtues, , possess also the stronger; who can do, and dare, and die at need, but who while life lasts will never flinch from their allotted task. You farmers, and wage-workers, and business men of this great State, of this mighty and wonderful nation, are gathered together to-day, proud of your State, and still prouder of your nation, because your forefathers and predecessors have lived up to just this creed. You have received from their hands a great inheritance, and yeii will leave an even greater inheritance to your children and your children's children, provided only that you prac tice alike in your private and your public lives the strong virtues that have given us as a people greatness in the past. It is not enough to be well-meaning and kindly, but weak; neither is it enough to be strong, unless morality and decency go hand in hand with strength. We must possess the qualities which make us do our duty in our homes arid among our neighbors a.nd in addition we must possess the qualities which are indis pensable to the make-up of every great and mas terful nation the qualities of courage and hardi hood, of individual initiative and yet of power to combine for a common end, and above all, the resolute determination to permit no man and no set of men to sunder us one from the other by lines of "caste or creed or section. We must act upon the motto of all for each and each for all. There must be ever present in our minds the fundamental truth that in a republic such as ours the only safety is to stand neither for nor against any man because he is rich or poor, because he is engaged in one occupation or another, because ho works with his brains or because he works with his hands. We must treat each man on his worth, and merits as a man. We must see that each is given a square deal, because he is entitled to o more and should receive no less. Finally, we must keep ever in mind that a Republic such as ours can exist only in virtue of the orderly liberty which comes through the equal domination of the law over all men alike, and through its adminis tration in such resolute and fearless fashion aa shall teach all that no man is above it and no man below it. From President Roosevelt's Labor Day Address, Syracuse, N. Y., September 7, 9Q. How Schools Help a Neighborhood. "Don't answer this letter unless you. have a good graded school," is the way a man who was writ ing to Monroe about moving 'here, concluded his letter. People are moving about in North Caro lina a good deal now, and the prime object sought is good schools advantages for the children. Ever notice how the value of property jumps up around a good school ? Take the Wingate section. Before the school was begun there farm lands could be bought easily and at no big( figures. Mr. Ira B. Mullis, an intelligent young farmer of that section, told us Saturday that the demand now for farm lands in reach of the school couldn't be supplied, while in the village, we were told by a man who lives there, property is about as high as it is in Monroe. When people move it is for the purpose of bettering themselves, and the man whose ear is attuned to the new conditions doesn't consider himself bettered by move that doesn't carry him within reach of a good school. Monroe Journal. The Most Painful Aspect. We are assured by those well qualified to speak that in the dnys of slavery such forms of crime were unknown; especially in the period when the Southern white men were away from farms and plantations taking part i?i the war, the white women at home were without the slightest fear of violence or wrong from the negroes round about them. Why do not the scholars and agitators of the negro race 'give more attention to the new phases of negro criminology ? Wfcy do they bother themselves so much about the lynching of negro criminals, and so little about the hideousness of negro crime ? This, to be perfectly frank, is the most painful aspect of the whole problem. Re view of Reviews. Much Ttuth in This. The race question, of which there has bee: ; great deal said and written lately, is alreagjy . ' -tied, if the newspapers and politicians will j . stop unsettling it, by their eternal and unendni agitation magnifying every little incident of impropriety of either race, which in itself would amount to very little, but for irritating and exas perating press comment, which, incites and pro vokes the best elements of both races. For very frequently the criticisms and reflections, on both sides, are indiscreetly and unjustly broad and severe in their terms. Cor. Greensboro Record. The unprofitable servant was condemned, not for what he had done, but for what he had failed to do. In the sight of God, slothf ulness is classed with wickedness. -It is our duty to so use the .powers with which we are endowed as to increease them. God has given to every one possibilities, capable of being developed and enlarged. Each one determines for himself whether these shall be enhanced by industrious use, or forfeited by sloth and inactivity. North Carolina, Christian Advo cate.