THE MOOT LARGELY CIRCULATED FARM WEEKLY PUBLISHED BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND NEW ORLEANS.
Vol. XIX. No. 19.
RALEIGH, N. C., TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1904.
(l a Year.
The Progressive Farmer.
CLARENCB H. POB,
B. W. KILQORB,
C. W. BURKBTT, J
Editor and Maiiager.
DR. FRBBMAH'S TiLKS.
X.Organliation cf Tobacco Growers.
Editors Progressive Farmer :
. I notice with pleasure that President Adaitis is
doing something to organize the farmers in a?id
for their own interest. - V
We have the tobacco growers' organization in
North Carolina, but the organization does not
amount to anything of itself. " There must be men
at the head of these organizations who are able
and willing to do the work ncessary to succeed.
No man or set of men in political life will do ;
men who carry along a dozen or more axes to be
ground are not suited. So you .see it is hard to
get the right men to do the organizing.
President Adams says call mass meetings and
get up enthusiasm. This we have been doing in
North Carolina for several years, and we are far
ther away from being organized at this hduf than
WJirr-uine-auririEr tnese -.rears. r--.- o succeed; two
things are necessary and must be on hand: Men
and money. Without these two forces you cannot
If we had the right men in our organization as
leaders, we have nothing in this State to do but to
succeed. I have been in all the farmers' organiza
tions of the State since the organization of the
Grange, and none have succeeded except as agents
were kept actively at work in each county. This
plan, will succeed and no other will. Put organ
izers in every county, men who can and will do
the work, and the thing is done.
"". These agents or organizers must stay in the
counties and work every section until every farmer
is a member, and then stay there to keep up the
order. These organizers will have lots of work to
do besides organizing. They should know how
many acres of-tobacco is planted in his county,
iqw much guana used, what it is made of, which
brand is the best, cost, etc.
. Through these agents and organizations the to
bacco growers could get much information which
would make the organization grow stronger and
stronger until the grower of the weed would con
trol the tobacco trade. Also by the proper organ
1 ization the guano we use could be made by the
The tobacco growers and cotton growers' asso
ciations can make the farmers of the South rich
in five years. All that is lacking is the man and
the money. It will not be hard to get the money,
as the farmers are ready and anxious to succeed
along this line, but the man will be hard to find. I
do not know where the right man is; I wish I did.
He should be the barinest man in the State. He
should be above suspicion and a leader in every
sense. He should be paid the salary that will get
the man, and if this salary should be ten thousand
dollars per year, and we get the man who can
succeed, it will be a small amount indeed to pay
for the great advantages which will come to us, .
This man should control all the county agents and
have under his direction every part of the work
ings of State, county and district organizations.
He should fix the prices and order the sales of to
bacco through the local organizations. When we
are thus organized, the growers of tobacco and
cotton will get rich quick (and not before) by
growing these money crops.
The manipulators of these crops, by organiza
tion, are growing rich every day. The organizers
of these manipulators are men. Can't we find
just one man? Now if you are living, speak out
and the money is ready.
H. F. FREEMAN.
Wilson Co., N. C.
7hat to Do with the Strawberry Fields e&KZ&vb
The most successful strawberry growers plow up
their fields as soon as the berries are all gathered
and sow them in cowpeas, thus putting the land
in perfect tilth to reset in strawberries the f ol
lowing fall, winter or spring, as may be most con
venient. But the vast majority of growers gather
two and sometimes three crops of berries from the
same field. . .
How to do this successfully is the object of this
article. Bar off with a turning plow thestrawber
ry. rows, leaving unplowed a strip about a foot
wide containing the plants. On this strip chop
out the plants, leaving them about eighteen inches
apart. Always leave young (one year old) plants
instead of old ones when possible. -In this chop
ping out also kill all weeds and grass. A week
or ten .days later sow cotton seed meal at the rate
of 800 to 1,000 pounds an acre in the furrow left
on each side of the row. Then split out the mid
dle, throwing the earth closely around the plants
but notion them, or they will be smothered.
Whenever practicable (though with a large acre
age it is not usually practicable) it pays to burn
off the field or bed before barring off. To do this,
mow the foliage of the plants as closely .as pos
sible. Then loosen up the straw used as a mulch
and on a dry, breezy day, after the mowed foliage
has got dry, set fire to the field along the border
to windward. If there is a fair quantity of foli
age or mulch the field will burn quickly over,
leaving the soil as clean as a floor. Weeds, seed
and any insect pest 'that may chance to be present
will meet their judgment day ; to a novice the
strawberry plants will seem to have done so too.
But seeming will be all.
" In a week, or earlier if it rains, in the fire-blackened,Sahara-like
field a magic transformation
will take place. Every strawberry plant will have
put forth leaves of the most vivid and beautiful
growth. The rows can' then be barred off, chop
ped out, fertilized and treated as above directed.
Subsequent cultivation should be the same" as
for young fields shallow plowing with a small
tooth cultivator and shallow hand hoeing fre
quently enough to kill all grass and weeds before
thev come and to keep the crust on the soil
broken. This is all important "as in a dry time it
greatly lesens evaporation ana
effect of drougnt.
Vance Co., N. C.
Molasses in Feed Does Remove Wild Onion Odor from
Editors Progressive Farmer : -
. In your issue this week of The Progressive
Farmer, a correspondent asks in regard to the use
of molasses in cattle feed as a remedy for the
onion odor in milk, and as I am one of your sub
scribers and feel an interest in all that pertains to
agriculture and stock raising, I will offer the in
formation myself and you can make such (disposi
tion' of-it as you think best. . .
I own a herd of Jerseys, all of them registered
in A. J. C. C, and sometimes get quite a quantity
of milk, and at one time our meadows became in
feste4 with wild onions; consequently there were
objections made by our milk customers. We at
once began to give the milk cows molasses with
their night feed, which entirely relieved the milk
ofny onion flavor .whatever, and -as long as we
used 8HPlasses remedy there was no trouble ex
perienced0111 tne effects of wild onions.
Should thistfiformaton benefit anyone, why I
shall feel amply iid f or having written.
And let me say jus?!re' Mr. Editor; that I miss
TTovKir -v-c fTTong Wyches) letters v
M m rm M V I 1111,1 i a a Bill! A-aBBm -
much. I always read them wS
ucuausc. iuiuH i 1 1 j 1 1 1 1 1 ; v 1 1 1 Kiiiivvii 1 1 1 1 1 1 iirsii
I expected to learn something that would benefit
me. We were reared here in Whiteville together ;
were together in school during our boyhood days,
and having known him intimately for so long a
time, I can testify as to his real worth. He was
true; he was progressive; he was practical; he be
lieved in the right ; he abhorred a sham ; he felt a
keen interest in all that pertains to the welfare of
our Commonwealth, especially its agricultural "and
educational interests. In his conversation he al
ways seemed enthusiastic; he would talk as he
wrote for your paper. Many times have L met
him in my place of business and he never seemed
to tire in making suggestions about the practical
things of life. But I fear I "have written too
long already and wearied your patience. When I
began I only intended to write in regard to the
onion trouble. J. L. MEMORY.
Columbus Co., N. C.
Adulterated Grass Seed Will be Tested Free by
the Department of Agriculture.
United States Department of Agriculture,
Office of the Secretary, "
Washington, D. C, June 15, 1904.
Editors Progressive Farmer, Raleigh, N. C. :
The act of Congress making appropriations for
the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year -
ending June 30, 1905, contains the following:
"The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby di- -
rected to obtain in the open market samples of
seeds of grass, clover, or alfalfa, test the same,
and if any such seeds are found to be adulterated
os . misbranded, or if any seeds of Canada blue-
grass (ir oa compressa; are obtained under anv
other name than Canada bluegrass or Poa com-
pressa, to pubiisn tne results o the test, together
with the names of the persons by whom the seeds
were offered for sale."
Announcement is hereby made that the collec
tion and testing of seeds as directed by this act
will begin July 1, 1904.
JAMES WILSON, Secretary.
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