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THE PROGRESSIVE FARMER
Tuesday, July 19, 1904. Our Washington Letter, fc'litora Progressive Farmer: Solomon's injunction to consider the ant is being literally followed in Government circles just at present. Two Departments arc giving the f fa mous Guatemalan insect profound consideration. In fact, this bug al most rivals the recent political con ventions as a magnet for popular at tention. Recommended as an effec tive agent against the hitherto in vincible cotton boll weevil, some eighty colonies were collected by an entomologist of the Department of Agriculture, and carefully imported into this country. But a suit has now been filed by a Texas planter to prevent the projected experiments, and the right of the Government to take such action is now pending the decision of the Department of Jus tice. It is said that if the suit is sustained, the scene of the tests, with' this exptic insect, will be merely transferred to Louisiana, that State having expressed a willingness to ex tend hospitality to the stranger. The Texas plaintiff urges that the poten tialties of the bug for mishief arc an unknown quantity, and that even if it succeeds in destroying the weevil, men's attempts to upset the balance nature are liable to react against themselves. The agent3 of the De partment of Agriculture retort that they have thoroughly studied the ant's habits and predilections; that he possesses the praiseworthy char acteristic of being a cannibal pur suing the weevil as his special prey, and leaving all vegetable growths un- ucne3r? that he does not bite or sting human beings, can be readily domesticated, is gentle and amiable in disposition, and, in short, should be welcomed as a desirable entomolgi cal immigrant. THE CAUSE OF THE RECENT STORMS. The surprising number of storms that have prevailed throughout the United States during the past month are attributed by the Weather Bu reau to an unusually low barometri cal pressure. This, again, is due to what is designated as the approach of the "sun-spot maximum period." These spots, it is explained, are at mospheric disturbances in the sun, and they differ from similar disturb ances of the earth in that they re semble molten metal, constantly throwing out rays of intense heat, this varying in proportion to the number of spots. These rays cause evaporation from the bodies of wa ter in the country, which in turn produces frequent showers. WNG RANGE WEATHER FORECAST. These sun spots are held responsi ble for the cold weather of last win ter, and it is said that a chilly sum mer and another freezing winter are to be undergone before the influence of ' the mysterious spots begin to wane. The exact effect of these spots upon the atmospheric conditions , of the earth is being investigated by the weather officials. While this is practically a new subject of investi gation, they hope to perfect an in strment that will accurately record the connection between the growth of the spots and the changes of weath er in this planet. With such an in strument, it is expected that "long range" forecasts could be made. Un der present conditions, the weather prophets cannot predict more than a day or two in advance. With the discoveries that would follow the completion of the projected instru ment, it -would be possible to foretell the state of the weather for weeks in advance. In this connection, it is worth noting thai the present "long range" forecasts that appear from time to time in the press are the work of fakirs. Frequently these predictions are attributed to some one connected wi;h the Weather Bureau, but the chief has recently issued a circular warning the public that these would-be meteorologists have no connection with the Govern ment. THE GOVERNMENT CROP REPORT. The official crop report, just is ued, shows that corn has made vigor ous growth over the greater part of the belt, but the rains have pre vented cultivation, and much of the crop is weedy. In the more northerly districts, it is backward, but in. the Middle Atlantic States its condition is most promising. The heavy pre cipitation has interferred with culti vation and harvesting in the Lower Missouri, Central Mississippi and Ohio valleys and in portions of the Middle Atlantic States and the Lake region, and much grain in shock has been damaged in Oklahoma, Kansas and Missouri. Winter wheat, espe cially, has sustained great damage, both from rust and from sprouting. Spring wheat, also, has suffered somewhat from rust in the southern portion of the region devoted to that cereal, but, as a whole, the crop is satisfactory. Oats, too, have suffer ed from excessive moisture in the Lower Missouri but elsewhere have made good progress. Cotton has grown rapidly throughout the belt -too rapidly in the central districts, where the crop is in need of culti vation. The heavy storms have caused some damage, but over the greater part of Texas and in the east ern districts the crop is good. The weather has been most favorable for tobacco, which is in a thrifty condi tion. In the Ohio Valley and Middle Atlantic States the outlook for ap ples is unpromising, but in New Eng land and the Lake region the pros pects are favorable. A good crop of peaches is being gathered in the East Gulf States. . W. H. TODD. Washington, D. C, July 15, 1904. The Rural Letter Carriers Organize in Greensboro. Editors Progressive Farmer: July 4th about forty rural mail carriers met in the court-house in Greensboro and organized the Rural Letter Carriers Association of North Carolina. The meeting was called to order by Mr. J. M.'Hartis, of Char lotte, with Mr. C. H. Baines tem porary secretary. A constitution was next drafted, conforming in all respects to the constitution of the National Association. Horse insur ance and mutual benefit insurance was next taken up and thoroughly discussed. On motion by Mr. Gore, the matter was postponed indefinite ly. This action may seem somewhat hasty, but the different conditions under which the carriers work fully justified this action. The best methods for organizing the counties was thoroughly taken up, and it was decided that it should become part of theduties of the secretary, that he should take the cause up by correspondence with all the unorganized counties having enough carriers to organize, and those that nave not enough shall be admitted to the State Association di rect. Asheville was selected for the next meeting, to be held July 4, 1905. An election for permanent officers was then held, resulting as follows: President, C. U. Munday, of Ashe ville; Vice-President, J. M. Hartis, of Charlotte; Secretary, C. B. Camp belle, of Red Springs ; Treasurer, J. G. ' Frazier, of Guilford College. Delegates to National Association: C. U. Munday and T. A. May, with S. H. Rogers and P. C. Dillardr al ternates. The Committee on Resolutions re ported as follows: We, the R. F. D. Carriers of North Carolina, in convention assembled, in the city of Greensboro, N". C, July 4th, 1904, do adopt the follow ing resolutions: 1. That we do most heartily thank those Congressmen and Senators who have labored so faithfully in our behalf in securing an increase in our salaries. " v 2. We cannot commend too highly the work of our worth national presi dent, Mr. F. H. Cunningham, in his untiring efforts in our behalf. 3. That we adopt the R. F. D. News as our national organ, and thank its editor, Mr. Windsor, for the bold and manly stand he is taking in our be half. We furthermore extend our thanks to the State press for all it has done, and is doing, to advance the cause of the rural service; and we adopt The Progressive Farmer as our State organ. 4. We extend our thanks to the county of Guilford for the use of the court-room, and we also appreciate the hospitality extended to us by the good people of Greensboro. 5. We also request the State papers to copy these resolutions. J. G. Frazier, - C. H. Baines, J. M. McDowell Ballard, Sion H. Hogers, Paul C. Dillard, Committee. The Association then adjourned, and the boys enjoyed car rides to the various points of interest around the city. All of us returned to our work feeling that our trip was a very profitable one. C. B. CAMPBELLE, Sec. R. L. C. A. of N. C, Red Springs, N.4 C. If you have improved eggs or poul try for sale, put an ad. in our Farm er's Exchange. Wood's Seeds. Crimson Clover Sown at the last working of the Corn or Cotton Crop, ' can be plowed under the following April or May in time to plant corn or other crops the same season. Crimson Clover prevents winter leaching of the soil, is equal in fer tilizing value to a good application of stable manure and will wonder fully increase the yield and qual ity of corn or other crops which follow it. It also makes splendid winter and spring grazing fine early green feed, or a good hay crop. Even if the crop is cut off, the action of the roots and stubble improve the land to a marked de gree. Write for price and special cir cular telling about seeding etc. T.W.Wood & Sons, Seedsmen, - RICHMOND, - VIRGINIA. Wood's Descriptive Pall Catalog, ready about August 1st, tells all about Farm , and Vegetable Seeds for Fall plant ing. Mailed free on request. Range Cattle are particularly hard to guard against the spread and bad effects of diseases that once get started in the herd. Spanish itch, Texas fever, mange, lice, ticks, sureix;, eczema and all skin diseases ar effectually prevented and checked C ill 4tThe Great Coal Tar Carbollo . Disinfectant Dip." Endorsed and used by Government authorities, Agricultural Colleges and leading stock breeders every where. The only disinfectant and freventive of disease used at the nternational Live Stock Exposi tions held annually in Chicago. Disinfectant. Antlseptlo, Lice Killer. Used as a spray, wash or dip on all ammais. Sample pral., express prepaid, 11.80. Five gallons, freight prepaid, $6.25. Write for our free booklets," Veterinary Adviser" and "Piggie's Troubles." Zenner Disinfectant Co. 116 Bates St. Detroit, r.llch. 9J CAVEATS, TRADE MARKS, COPYRIGHTS AND DESIGNS. Send your business direct to Washington saves time, costs less, better service. Ify office close to U.S. Patent Office. FREE prelimin ary examinations made. Atty's fee notdtae ""H patent Is secured. PERSONAL ATTENTION GIVEN 19 YEAKS ACTUAL EXPERIENCE. Book "How to obtain Patent," etc.. sent free. Patents procured through E. O. Btggers receire special notice, without charge, in the INVENTIVE AGE illustrated monthly Eleventh year terms, $1. a year. 918 FSt.. N. W., WASHINGTON. D. C. E.G.SI0GER8, If you have a summer vacation before you and wish to know how to earn some money. aDd with the moniy a GOOD CHANCifl TO oet A FREE SCHOLARSHIP at the A. & M. COLLEGE, Raleigh, as a prize, write at once to The Progressive Farmer, RALEIGH, N. C.