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THE MOOT LAHQELY CII2CULA TED rARM WEEKLY PUBLISHED BETWEEN WAGHtNQTON AND NEW ORLEANG.
Vol. XIX. No. 32. RALEIQH, N. C, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1904. $1 a Year.
m t . ' l t. h in Fehruarv or. Miarch, on the I R- FREEMAN'S TALKS.
lne rrogressive rarmer.
CLARENCE H. POB,
B. W. KILOORB, 1
C W. BURKBTT.J
Editor and Manager.
OATS, RYE AND RAPE.
Notes About Crops That May Partially Replace Corn,
and Should be Seeded at Once.
Editors Progressive Farmer:
Fall-sown oats at Auburn have yielded about
, 50 .per" cent more than those sown after Christ-
mas, and tne lormer can De iea severux wccm
fore the. latter are ready. It usually pays to sow
oats in the fall, and to risk the danger of winter
killing rather than to postpone sowing red rust
proof until after Christmas. The danger of win
ter killing can be redbced by (1) sowing in Oc
tober; (2) selecting a location protected on the
north by woodland, or on a southern slope; (3)
drilling the seed on well-drained land in snovei
furrows only half filled in covering the tfats; or
(4) by leaving the ground r ouch or ridged.
The farmer cannot afford for smut to destroy
"10 to 25 per cent of his oat crop as usual. We
prevent oat smut at Auburn by wetting seed ior
two, hours in water containing 1 ounce of f or-
malin for every three gallons of water, then
sowing or drying the seed; or by soaking seed
oats ten minutes in waiter between 130 and 135
degrees F then cooling and either drying or sow
ing the oats.
TWf nr trrazinfr oats are somewhat hardier
towards cold than red rust proof or Texas red
oats, but less hardy than wheat. Turf oats re
quire earlier sowing and richer land, are several
weeks behind red rust proof oats in maturing,
and are more liable to rust and for the heads to
be incompletely filled.
Oats cut in the milk stage make excellent hay,
and the straw is more completely eaten than if
the plants are . allowed to ripen.
Beardless wheat is hardier and sooner ready
' for use than any of the above. It should be
largely sown this year for either hay or grain
for feeding purposes. If rust tnreaxeu - n
early If cut in the early milk stage the entire
riant is eaten with relish. Any good beardless
variety grown south of the Ohio River (or even
somewhat further north) will answer. Among
the well-tested varieties of this class Purple
Straw or Blue Stem, Fultz, Red May, and Currell.
Rye makes good pasturage or green feed, to be
cut and carried to stock. Sown in September,
;t la the first plant ready for
or eariy wwm - , , ,
cutting and for feeding green, on good land
reaching a sufficient height about February. It
can be cut at least twice. It makes very poor
hay. It never winter-kills. Sow one to one and
one-half bushel per acre. -
iKe small grains intended for cutting early
for feeding purposes should be sown tluekly on
ich rrtell-f ertUized land. Those thai .are , to
be cut by hand and fed green should be .own
in naLw drills, All Wire liberal f.rtahzenng
ton seed, or cotton-seed meai.
at hartA n-rmlv in Fehruarv or. March, on the
- , f - -
mirfnrft ierbtv nmmds ner acre of nitrate of
soda. Phosphate in addition to any of these fer
tilizers will, on some soils, increase the yield of
Farmers having for sale seed of rye, oats, or
beardless wheat, should be. able to sell these to
advantage by promptly advertising tnem.
Dwarf Essex rape has been repeatedly grown
at Auburn for winter pasturage for hogs, which
relish it, making good growth on rape pasture
from December 15th to April 15tn, wnen supplied
with a half ration of corn. Land must be as
rich and as highly fertilized as for turnips, and
preparation, sowing and cultivation are the same
as with that crop, except that rape is not tnmned.
Sow three to five pounds of seed per acre in nar
row drills between September 20th and October
20th. Seed are cheap, ten to twelve cents per
pound, and they are sold by all seedmen. We
have also sowed rape in March, getting hog pas
turage in May and June.
J. F. DUGGAR,
Agriculturist, Alabama Experiment Station, Au
Cotton Farmers' Meeting Fair Week.
There will be a Cotton Farmers' Convention
held at the State Capitol Wednesday night of
Fair week, October 19th.
This will be an important meeting, as the dele
gates to the t. Louis Convention will then re
port the action taken at that meeting in regard
to the storage and marketing of the cotton crop.
- Every one interested in improving the condi
tion of the farmers of the South,and the advance
ment and protection of their chief money crop,
is invited to attend this convention.
T. B. PARKER,
Secretary State Farmers' Alliance.
Raleigh, N. C, Sept. 16, 1904.
Controlling the Cotton Crop.
Edlton Progressive Farmer :
I am a cotton raiser oA a small scale and have
been reading with interest the recent articles on
controlling the marketing of cotton. I am anxi
ous indeed that someway may be found to market
. . . . mi
our cotton so as to control it better. nere is
one very favorable quality in cotton that will
make it easier than for any other crop: it is non
perishable. Keep fire and water from it, and it
will keep indefinitely. -
I . do not wish to be understood as saying tnat
the marketing of cotton cannot be so controlled
v,o ih tto( mav not be kept at a profitable
LIOC v-.w .f v
point for the producer, but do say that it is going
to be a hard thing to do. There are too many
people engaged in the raising and selling of cot
ton to make it easy to control them. A few peo
ple can be managed; but it is hard to control
millions. In my opinion, it will take millions of
money to do it and then there is a chance that
the producer may be fleeced.
; I E. S. MILLS APS.
i Iredell Co:, N. C.
XVI Information Wanted, Sow Some Wheat.
Editors Progressive Farmer: , .
There are ,more apples in this section than
have been for some years. We want to put up
some for the winter. Will some of your readers
tell us when they gathered, and how they put,
up apples, when they made a success of it?
Where should they be put? Who has succeeded
in keeping apples in this section of the State?
Who has hal experience with corn shredders?
Tell us what you did when you made a success
and what you did when you failed. Some f arm
ors bnvft succeeded and some have failed. How
will these farmers who have had experience along
this line tell us all about this matter?
Several of my neighbors have, prepared some
corn to have shredded and they need informa
tion about it. j
The cotton crop here- will be only a half crop,
and the corn is very short of what we once
thought. Only a few men put in tobacco, but
the price is much better than last year. But I
think the prices of cotton and tobacco will bring
in more money this year than we had last year.
Yes, our farmers are better on nnanciaiiy tms
year than last. Now friends, save every dollar
of this money you can, as it looks now like prices
of edibles are .going to be-high next year. -
Wheat crop in the West is very short; and it
is said that it may go to $2 per bushel before
the spring. If our down-east farmers can get
a few sacks of Peruvion guano it will be a good
idea to put in a few acres of wheat. This guano
nearly always makes a crop.
Don't rush your tobacco and cotton to market ;
prices fere going to be higher JTJEEMAN.
Wilson Co., K C.
North Carolina Farmers Institutes Yet to be Held.
Jefferson. Tuesday, September 20th.
Valle Crucis. Thursday, September 22nd.
Burnsville. Monday, September th. .
Mar's Hill (not Marshall). Wednesday, bep-
tember 28th. .
Asheville.- Thursday, September 29th.
Waynesville. Friday, September 30th.
- Webster. Saturday, October 1st.
' Franklin. Monday, October 3rd.
Bryson City. Tuesday, October 4th. ,
Robbinsville. Wednesday, October 5th.
Murphy. Thursday, October 6th.
Hayesville. Friday, October 7th.
INDEX TO THIS NUMBER.
A Business Talk m" Vi'VrVi i
Controlling the Cotton Crop, E. S. Millsaps. . 1
Crop Conditions, W. H. Todd. - 5
Current Events: Editorial Review. .
Dr. Freeman's Talks U'V'ol"""- o
Fungicides and Spraying, Dr. F. L. Stevens. . 2
Gigantic Business Combination of larmers,
F. D. Koonce ... r v
Hand Separator: Its Value...
Oats, Rye and Rape, J. F. Duggar i
Plenty of Forage, C. C. Moore. . .. . J
Specialization in Farming, J. M. Lindsay.... 2
"The JJragons xeem. v ,
Departments on usual pages : Home Circle, b.
Social Chat, 7; State News, 12; GeneraLNews, 13,
Sunshine, 14; Markets, 16.